Device for rehabilitation of the spine

 

The invention relates to medical equipment and can be used for stretching of the spine. The device includes pelvic and axillary supports the pectoral girdle and the filling units, made in the form of pushing telescopic rods under the action of forces arising from the stretching of elastic bodies, such as springs, and located on the left and right sides of the device. The upper end they are connected via a hinge with axillary support, and the lower end through a flexible connection, such as cable, is connected with the pelvic supports. The combination of their axes of rotation with the axis of rotation of the hip joints is achieved by choosing the length of this flexible connection. For regulating the tensile strength of the spine spring-loaded rod is equipped with adjusting devices, regulatory tensile elastic body. The technical result is to improve the functioning of the device and simplification of the construction sites. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to medical equipment, namely to physical therapy devices for vertical stretching of the spine, used in the treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis, neuritis cialispro nerve in the treatment of the s, which shows the spine, as well as to reduce the longitudinal stress on the spine while lifting weights man.

A device (1) for unloading of the spine, containing axillary pelvic and supports the pectoral girdle and the filling units, made in the form of pushing forces of the compressed spiral springs, telescopic rods with devices that regulate their distance effect, and positioned on the left and right sides of the device so that the upper end of they rest in the underarm support and the pectoral girdle, and the lower end of the sliding rack pivotally connected with the pelvic support with the possibility of combining their axes of rotation with the axis of rotation of the hip joints, so that the patient himself can perform this combination.

A disadvantage of this device is complex, which leads to the complexity of the process of manufacture and high cost, and lack of opportunities for mechanical adaptation of the device when the movements of the shoulder girdle. So: (1) unnecessary use of sliding racks are pivotally connect the telescopic rod with pelvic supports, (2) it is undesirable to use a rigid connection of teleia, causes spring having a tendency transverse curvature to its main axis in compression against the wall of the telescopic arm, and this friction leads to irregular (uneven) spacer forces by changing the length of the rod. The stretch of the spring is of such transverse curvature does not occur.

The aim of the proposed device for rehabilitation of the spine is to simplify the construction sites and the improvement of the functioning of the device, while maintaining all the positive properties of the prototype.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the telescopic rods are working on stretching the elastic elements such as springs, each elastic element is connected below with the part of the telescopic arm, which upper end is connected with the hinge mounted on the underarm support, and the second end of the elastic element is connected with the upper end of the portion of the telescopic rod, which its lower end is connected through a flexible connection, such as cable, with pelvic support. Device for rehabilitation of the spine is also equipped with an additional control the length of the telescopic rod mounted on one of its parts, and reg the m element.

You should note that the prototype of the invention, it is desirable to apply an elastic body had a characteristic deformation, approaching a linear Hooke's law.

All available to the applicant scientific and practical literature devices of similar purpose and with the same set of features is unknown. Therefore, the proposed device meets the criterion of "novelty", and since all specified in the claims, the features is necessary and sufficient to achieve this goal, the proposed device meets the criteria of the invention "substantial novelty."

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig.1 shows a device for unloading of the spine, General view and placing it on the man. In Fig.2 shows a telescopic arm, pushing through the forces of expansion deformation of a spring or another elastic body.

Device for rehabilitation of the spine shown in Fig.1, contains two spacer node 1 made in the form of pushing telescopic rods under the action of the tensile strain of the body, such as a spring, inner strength which is regulated by the device 2. Telescopic rods are located on the left and right sides of the hand) that the upper end of the rod are based on axillary support 3, with which they are connected through a hinge 4, and the pectoral girdle 5 keep the underarm support from slipping out of hands. The lower end of these rods are guided through a flexible coupling 6 in the form of a rope or cord from the lugs 7 on the pelvic support consisting of a belt 8 and loops 9. The length of the flexible connection 6 is chosen such that the points of attachment to the telescopic rods in the eye 7 coincides with the axis of rotation 10 of the hip joints.

The example device telescopic rod shown in Fig.2. The device consists of two parts, such as cylinders: exterior parts 11 and moving inside the inner part 12. To the outer end side of its open end in the transverse direction is rigidly attached to pin 13 passing through the groove 14 of the inner part, not affecting the movement of the part 12, part 11 attached to pin 13. From the bottom part 12 is fixed bracket 15 with eyelet 7, for example, by means of the screw and the screw holes 16 selectively through one or the other hole (for simplicity in the drawing 2B shows only three holes). Choosing one or another hole, it is possible to fasten the cover 15 to the part 12 at different depths. Thus, part 12 , the example of the spring with the elastic deformation in tension. From one end of the spring is connected with the back side 18 of the part 12, with the other end of the spring is connected to pin 13. The amount of deformation of the elastic body depends on the length of stem: length of the part 12 with a plug 15. Changing the length of the rod, can be adjusted develop elastic body force. This force can also be adjusted and the screw 19 and nut 20, located on the rear side 18 of the cylinder 12. The nut 20 is rigidly attached elastic body 17. Scrolling in any way the screw 19, for example a screwdriver through the hole 21 in the rear side of the part 11, you can change the tension of the elastic body and also adjusting develop a barbell effect.

Telescopic rod works as follows (see Fig.2). Pre-stretched elastic body 17, due to its deformation, develops a force tending to bring together the fortified part 11 pin 13 from the back side 18 of the part 12. This leads to the development of power, aimed at the extension part 12 of part 11, which creates between points 4 and 7 arching effect, leading to extension of the spine. Arching power depends on the length of the rod, formed part 12 together with the cover 15, as the longer the rod when fiksirovany elastic body by means of the screw 19 and nut 20.

Device for rehabilitation of the spine works as follows (see Fig. 1). The patient strengthens itself from the belt 8, which is a loop 9, connected by a flexible connection 6 with telescopic rods 1. Strap the patient strengthens on itself to create a strong reliance on hips. Then turn the rod and place the underarm support under the arms. After that, the underarm support is fixed with elastic shoulder mounts 3. If desired, chest belts can not be used, but when lifting the hands up conditions of the fixing device on the body deteriorate. Next, you need to move the loop 9 along the belt 8 so that the axis of rotation of hinge joints coincides with the axis of rotation of the hip joint. Practically this is checked as follows: squat on the chair and rotation in the vertical position should not create significant mechanical resistance to the motion of the device side. The last stage of adjustment is to regulate the tensile strength with the help of the device 2 and the screw 19. This force the patient picks up their feelings: too much force can cause poor circulation in the hands, causing pain in the muscles and parasthesias, too little force will not give neobhodimo, coats, etc.

With this device the patient can walk around the apartment, on the street and in transport, can sit down and stand up, and lift some weights, lifting without this device could lead to relapse. Therefore, to facilitate lifting and prevention of back pain the patient is prone to developing pain syndrome due to degenerative-degenerative processes in the spine, can prophylactically to wear this device.

Sources of information 1. Patent N 2155017, class a 61 F 5/042, And 61 N 1/02, 1999.

Claims

1. Device for rehabilitation of the spine, containing axillary pelvic and supports the pectoral girdle and the filling units, made in the form of a two-part telescopic rods installed between the pelvic and axillary bearings on the sides of the device, characterized in that the telescopic rods are working on stretching the elastic elements such as springs, each elastic element is connected below with the part of the telescopic arm, which upper end is connected with the hinge mounted on the underarm support, and the second end of the elastic e the ez flexible connection, for example the cable, with the pelvic support.

2. Device for rehabilitation of the spine under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with an additional control the length of the telescopic rod mounted on one of its parts, and the regulator stretching of the elastic element located between one of the parts of the telescopic rod and the elastic element.

 

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