The method of performance of the heating or cooling of surfaces (floors, walls, partitions, ceilings, roofs, pipes, drains, gutters, sidewalks) and device for its implementation
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of heating, cooling and heat recovery. The method is carried out by laying under the covers, the sections of cable or pipe connected to the current source, the flow of coolant or refrigerant. The fastening sections to the base is made along the entire length by means of heat, and conductive tape on the glue and brackets hammered upholstery stapler. The device includes a gun sticker adhesive tape consisting of a hollow handle with bracket, which is fixed to the cantilever shaft for adhesive tape and the roller for pressure roller. The bracket is provided with an additional shaft with the coil for placement of one section of the cable and the shaft with the roller, providing current to the step stickers cable or tube and parallelism. Center elastic pressure roller is made a groove on the profile of the cable or pipe. The device is equipped with two rollers, guides the cable or pipe in the groove of the pressure roller. The technical result is the acceleration of installation, increased heat dissipation and reduced cost. 4 Il. The invention relates to the field of construction: heating, cooling, heat recovery.Know the horseflies drains, gutters, sidewalks through the strip sections of the cable or pipe connected to the current source, the flow of coolant or refrigerant, and mounting sections to the base ("Wirsbo" Propex Ltd. Floor heating system, Moscow, 1997, S. 5).The disadvantage of this method is hindering the wide adoption of high cost and inaccessibility for most people.The objective of the method is to reduce the cost of execution.A device containing a gun for a label tape, consisting of a hollow handle with bracket, which is fixed to the cantilever shaft for adhesive tape and the roller for pressure roller (SU 878591 And 07.00.1981).A disadvantage of the known device is the inability simultaneous gluing tape and cable laying.The objective of the invention is to expand the functional capabilities of the device.The technical result of the invention consists in that the heat - conductive tape, increasing the heat dissipation area, not only provides a more effective heat removal from the cable or pipe to heat the structure (or Vice versa) and more uniform heating (cooling), but when cable OTE the use of imported shielded cable (with the same cross-section cost domestic cable with galvanized steel wires without screen ~ 100 times less) and significantly speeding up the installation when using polymer foil tape (or foil) with an adhesive layer, applied at the factory (dusty surface cement screeds, etc., before you label this tape should be painted with varnish, lacquer or primer NGL-8M at TL6-02-894-72, diluted with toluene 1: 1 up to 25% concentration). Accelerated heat removal allows you to use a cable (tubes) with a more fusible insulation (walls) and place them in a thin levelling layer (putty) directly under the coating, providing protection cable (pipe) from mechanical damage (parquet, ceramic tiles, plywood and so on). The low permeability of the tape, disposable, if necessary, under and over cable (pipeline), increases the service life of the pipeline or cable, protecting them from exposure to moisture and air.The technical result is achieved in that the method of execution of the heating or cooling coverings of floors, walls, partitions, ceilings, roofs, pipes, drains, gutters, sidewalks shall be effected by strip sections of cable or pipe connected to the current source, the flow of coolant or refrigerant, and mounting sections to the base along the entire length by means of heat, and conductive tape on the glue and brackets hammered upholstery stapler.Those who adhesive tape, consisting of a hollow handle with a bracket on which a cantilever shaft for adhesive tape and the roller for pressure roller. The bracket is provided with an additional shaft with the coil for placing one section of cable (tube) and the shaft with the roller, providing current to the step stickers cable or tube, the device is equipped with two rollers, guides the cable or pipe in the groove of the pressure roller.In Fig. 1 presents the performance of the heating (cooling) of the floor covering. In Fig. 2 presents another embodiment of the heating (cooling). In Fig.3, 4 shows a device that implements the proposed method.In Fig. 1 shows a variant of the heating (cooling) of the floor covering 1 the proposed method of mounting a heating cable or pipe 5 adhesive foil tape 3 to the coupler 4 of gypsum boards, fine concrete, etc. In case of insufficient rigidity of the insulation 6 of the monolithic plate 4 should be reinforced. After attaching the heating cables, pipes above them is the underlying floor levelling layer 2 calculated thickness.In Fig.2 shows the use of the proposed method for heating pipelines 7 (valley, voucherization heat by attaching the heating (cooling) of the tubes 8 foil adhesive tape 9 and application of thermal insulation 10.The device for implementing the method comprises a gun 11 for a label tape, pressure roller 12, the coil 13 to accommodate one section of the cable 15, the guide rollers 14, a coil 16 with adhesive tape and the roller 7, the fixing step of cables, pipes and their parallelism. In the center of the pressure roller 12 is made a groove on the profile of the cable or pipe. To adjust the tension of the cable, tube, duct tape are the nuts and spring washers securing the coil 16, 13.The method of performance of the heating or cooling of floor coverings is done by laying under the floor in the underlying layer 2 sections of cable or pipe 5 connected to the current source, the flow of coolant or refrigerant. Sections of cable or pipe 5 mounted on the base, for example, the coupler 4. The fastening sections along the entire length using the heat - conductive adhesive tape 3 with the use of the device containing the gun for adhesive tape, which, where necessary, attach additional brackets hammered upholstery stapler, for example, at the joints and corners to ensure electrical kontaktite floors, walls, partitions, ceilings, roofs, pipes, drains, gutters, sidewalks by laying under their coverings sections of cable or pipe connected to the current source, the flow of coolant or refrigerant and mounting sections to the base, characterized in that the fastening sections throughout the length of the implement by means of heat, and conductive tape on the glue and brackets hammered upholstery stapler.2. The device for implementing the method of performance of the heating or cooling of the coating containing the gun sticker adhesive tape consisting of a hollow handle with bracket, which is fixed to the cantilever shaft for adhesive tape and the roller for pressure roller, wherein the bracket is provided with an additional shaft with the coil for placement of one section of the cable tube and the shaft with the roller, providing current to the step stickers cable or tube and parallel, and the center of the elastic pressure roller is made a groove on the profile of the cable or pipe, the device is equipped with two rollers, guides the cable or pipe in the groove of the pressure roller.
FIELD: electric heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: electric heater comprises casing made of a plate, plastic heating member glued to the plate, commutation leads, thermostatic switch, and fastening members. The back side of the heating member is provided with a protecting panel. The plate is made of marble. The protecting panel is made of gypsum-fiber. The commutation leads and thermostatic switch are arranged in the space between the two parts of the heating member at the center of the electric heater. The fastening members are arranged in the space between the gypsum-fiber panel and heating member.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device relates to non-wired type heaters and intends for saunas and baths as well as for heating rooms of any purpose including living and agricultural spaces and summer houses. Electric heater has heat-dissipating panel made of marble, resistive heating element, metal base disposed between the heat-dissipating panel and the heating element. The base is connected with earth. Heater also has gypsum-fiber protective panel fastened to back side of heating element, thermal switches and commutation outputs. Heating element with lateral gaps in resistive layer id used for the heater. Commutation outputs each of which is connected with thermal switch are disposed in lateral space in the center of electric heater and are installed in distribution box. Metal base, resistive heating element and heat-dissipating panel are connected to each other by thermo-resistive silicon glue. Fixing units are fitted inside metal base, in spaces of gypsum-fiber panel and resistive heating element. Heat-dissipating panel is made of profiled sections having different geometric shapes.
EFFECT: improved reliability of operation and heat convective heat transfer; reduced cost; reduced fire risk.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat transfer.
SUBSTANCE: Assembly for warming surfaces, in particular, landing strips of space ships has electric heating elements disposed between two surfaces. One surface has to be a metal sheet with cells inside which cells the heating elements are installed. The heating elements are made of high electric resistance wire. The wire is inserted into mica plastic. Second surface is made of heat-insulating material. The plates are inserted in cells and are retained onto pins welded to metal sheet.
EFFECT: reduced labor input of mounting process; simplified design.
FIELD: civil engineering, in particular, outer engineering equipment of buildings and structures heated with the aim of thawing of snow and ice, applicable in deckings, water drains, cornices and similar building constructions, whose shape is exhausted by the shape of the panel or cover.
SUBSTANCE: the heated load-bearing member in the form of a panel has a frame, current-conducting shield and a hermetically sealed electric heater with contact wires for the power supply network. The frame is laminated of a composite material and has layers used as the reinforcing material, the layers are made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons, at least one layer of low-density material, at least one current-conducting shield and at least one hermetically sealed insulated electric heater, with their contact and earth wires brought outside, are placed between the frame layers made of crossing and/or interwoven rayons. A polymeric binder is used as the matrix combining all the frame layers and the mentioned current-conducting shield and the hermetically sealed electric heater, if necessary, the frame is provided with a protective and/or decorative coating fastened on the outside.
EFFECT: enhanced operating reliability and expanded field of use.
24 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.
EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: photonic heating network includes power supply and control units, laser sources, fibre optic cable, optical connectors and terminal devices. To heating network there introduced are heating radiators with absolutely black body chambers, temperature sensors, optical transmitter, optical fibre of feedback line, optical receiver. At that, temperature sensors outlets are connected to inlet of optical transmitter the outlet of which is connected to inlet of optical fibre the outlet of which is connected to control inlet of power supply and control device the outlet of which is connected to inlet of laser sources the outlets of which are connected to inlets of photon crystalline fibres of optical cable the outlets of which are connected by means of optical connectors to sections of photon crystalline fibres the outlets of which are connected to absolutely black body chambers located inside heating radiators.
EFFECT: improving power effectiveness, eliminating the problem of defrosting, time and costs on routing, preventive maintenance and service, heating network weight is considerably decreased and its flexibility is increased.
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to temperature-controlled mat. Temperature-controlled mat with base has upper side, lower side and at least one temperature-controlled device arranged on base; at that, on lower side of base there is adhesive. At that, adhesive is applied to two-sided adhesive tape bonded to lower side of base; at that, when temperature-controlled mat is in rolled condition, adhesive on lower side of adhesive tape is covered with upper side of base, and adhesive tape is bonded to upper side of base.
EFFECT: improving operating and transportation properties of temperature-controlled mat.
10 cl, 2 dwg