A method of treatment of periodontal diseases and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and the device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for the treatment of periodontal disease and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, in particular stomatitis. In the method using a capsule containing dielectric sleeve mounted on its one end a cathode cap, worn at its other end to the anode cap. On the external surface of the anode cap a coating of one or more metals trace elements. Inside the capsule is placed galvanic element and a resistor connected in series and connected unconnected pins to the internal surfaces of the cathode and anode caps. The magnitude of the current flowing through the gums and other soft tissues of the oral cavity current is chosen in the range 1-30 µa. The treatment is carried out for 15-30 days. A day spend one or two treatments, each lasting 20-30 minutes Capsule within one procedure slowly, with stops moving along the surface of the gums and mucous membranes of the oral cavity, for example, using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue. The resistor value is selected in the range of 0.02 to 1.5 Mω. In the particular case, on a separate part of the outer surface of the anode cap n is tatom is a simplification of the method of treatment of diseases of the oral cavity and create a cheap and efficient device for implementing this method. 2 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to medicine and can be used for the treatment of periodontal diseases and diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, in particular stomatitis.

Known methods of treatment of periodontal disease vitamin C and b vitamins, anabolic and sex hormones, biogenic stimulators [1]. The drawbacks of such methods is the low therapeutic efficacy.

There is a method of treatment of periodontitis the influence of electromagnetic waves, comprising the first stage of treatment coverage of periodontal light pulse laser with a wavelength of 0.85-0.95 microns, a peak power of 3.0-3.5 W, pulse frequency 40-100 Hz, exposure time 90-120 from the field, three treatments a day, at the second stage treatments disposable lighting periodontal light pulse laser with a wavelength equal to 2.94 microns, with a capacity of 0.2 to 1.0 j/pulse. , the pulse frequency of 10-20 Hz and the third treatment stage lighting periodontal light pulse laser with a wavelength of 0.85-0.95 microns, 0.5-1.0 W, pulse frequency of 2-3 kHz, exposure 60-90 from the field, 2-3 treatments every other day [2], the Disadvantage of this method is its complexity, the need for different the acoustic vibrations within 15 min for each segment of the affected tissue within a procedure when the total number of procedures, equal to five [3]. The disadvantage of this method is its low therapeutic efficacy.

Closest to the claimed method is a method of treatment of periodontal diseases, including electromassage gums using a 3% propolis tincture through a four-electrode device and a rotating electric field with the frequency of the beating 10-100 Hz managed in discrete mode in sync with the rhythms of heart rate and respiration and subsequent electrophoresis using a 2%-aqueous solution of calcium chloride by four-electrode device and high-frequency current, pulsed synchronously in time with the pulse and respiration [4]. The disadvantage of this method is its complexity.

Closest to the claimed device is a stimulator of gastrointestinal tract, made in the form of a capsule containing dielectric sleeve mounted on its one end a cathode cap, worn at its other end to the anode cap on the outer surface of which is coated with the coating thickness of not less than 10 μm of one or more metals, trace elements, and is placed inside the capsule battery of three series-connected battery cells and the pulse generator (pulse generator connected in series with the battery galvanic elements, the negative terminal of the battery connected to the inner surface of the cathode cap, and the output of the pulse generator to the inner surface of the anode cap [5]. The device prototype produces a pulse packet duration 5-7 MS, a voltage of about 4 In [6]. Periodontal treatment device prototype, as shown by our study, proved to be ineffective. In addition, the pulse voltage between the cathode and anode caps caused discomfort in the mouth. The signal produced by the pulse generator has the spectral characteristics are not adequate spectral characteristics of oscillations occurring in the mucous membrane of the oral cavity of a healthy person.

The technical result, which is aimed proposed solution is the creation of an effective, relatively durable and inexpensive device for the treatment of periodontal disease and diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, as well as the simplification of the treatment of the mentioned diseases.

This is achieved in that in the method of treatment of periodontal disease and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including electrophoresis of ions of one or more trace elements in the mucous membrane poloy, containing dielectric sleeve mounted on its one end a cathode cap, worn at its other end to the anode cap on the outer surface of which a coating of one or more metals, trace elements, and galvanic element and a resistor connected in series and connected not connected pins to the internal surfaces of the cathode and anode caps, value flowing through the gums and other soft tissues of the oral cavity current is chosen in the range 1-30 MCA, electrophoresis carried out 1 or 2 times a day for 15-30 days, with a duration of one procedure 20-30 min, when this capsule within one procedure slowly, with stops moving along the surface of the gums and mucous membranes of the oral cavity, for example, using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue.

This is achieved by the fact that the device for the treatment of periodontal disease and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, is made in the form of a capsule containing a dielectric sleeve, made of a biologically inert material, worn on its one end a cathode cap, worn at its other end to the anode cap on the outer surface of which a coating of one yoga connected with the inner surface of the anode or the cathode cap, and the resistor, the latter was included between the negative or positive output galvanic element and the inner surface of the corresponding cathode or anode cap. The resistor value is selected in the range of 0.02 to 1.5 Mω. In the particular case in some parts of the outer surface of the anode cap coated with various metals, trace elements, one for each separate part of the surface, and the metal trace elements selected from a number of: manganese, zinc, iron, cobalt, Nickel, copper.

As the material of the cathode cap, material which is not consumed in the process of electrophoresis, can be used stainless steel IN. On the outer surface of the cathode cap can be applied to the silver layer.

The treatment efficiency of the claimed method and device is higher than the method of the prototype and device-prototype due to flow through the mucous membrane of the mouth, including the tongue formed by the movement of the capsule along the gum currents of low frequencies, the spectral characteristics are adequate spectral characteristics of the currents in the healthy tissues of the oral cavity, the smaller the constant component of the current, which does not irritate asikni require complex medical equipment, the patient does not require a visit to the clinic, the treatment can be performed at home, such as reading Newspapers and watching television, when a pedestrian walks. The proposed device is simpler and cheaper device prototype, which contains a complex pulse generator and a battery of three galvanic cells. Resource functional capacity (health) at different device variants of the prototype is 115-388 h with an average consumption from the battery current 98-332 ICA [6, S. 25-26]. The proposed device is consumed by the galvanic element current is within 1-30 MCA and resource functional ability of the device exceeds the resource's functional ability of the device prototype (98-332)/(1-30) times. Device for the treatment of periodontal disease and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity shown in the drawing.

The device comprises a dielectric sleeve 1, which is tightly put on the cathode cap 2 and the anode cap 3, on the outer surface of which is coated with a coating 4 of one or more metals trace elements. Inside the capsule, formed by the sleeve 1 and the caps 2 and 3, placed galvanic element 5 with EMF equal to 1.5 V, and the resistor 6. Galvan resistor 6. A second output resistor 6 by means of a flexible conductor 8 is connected with the inner surface of the cathode cap 2 by means of a spring 9. The value of the resistor 7 is selected in the range providing flow through the mucous membranes of the oral cavity of a current in the range 1-30 µa. The resistor 7 can be connected with the negative pole of a galvanic cell 5. In this case, the caps 2 and 3 are swapped.

The method of use of the claimed device is that it is put in the mouth and slowly move along the gums of the teeth of the upper and lower jaws with their internal and external parties, for example, using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue smoothly, with stops at 5-30 C. the device during one procedure several times manages to visit the same areas of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including the surface of the gums.

The device has a therapeutic effect on the tissue of the oral cavity due to the mechanical impact on exteroceptor DC micro, microelectrophoresis one or more metals trace elements contained in the surface layer of the anode cap, low-frequency electric and acoustic flicker noise fluctuations arising from the gr is ka micro) on the mucosa and the transitional electrochemical processes occur at the boundaries of metals with biological tissue (in the electrical double layers). When promoting capsules muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue in the oral cavity between the cathode and anode caps there own (additional) electrical oscillations, up to several mV. Oscillatory processes that occur at the boundaries of the caps with the biological tissue, adequate spectral characteristics of the processes taking place in various systems, organs, tissues and elements of human tissues, particularly in biologically active points and biological membranes. They interact with oscillatory processes in the tissues of the oral cavity, which ultimately leads to normalization of electrochemical processes in stimulated tissues. Note that each metal trace gives on the border with biological tissue unique range of fluctuations, i.e., produces individual information effects on biological tissue. Fluctuations that occur in the oral cavity during use of the claimed device, also have a stimulating and normalizing effect on the organs and systems of the person associated information channels with the oral cavity and the condition of which apparently depend on processes occurring in the mouth.

Sources of information

1. Periodontal disease. The great Soviet encyclopedia, Third edition. M: Soweto", publ. 10.01.98. BI 1.

3. RF patent 2119322, class a 61 N 13/00, "a Method of treatment of periodontal diseases", publ. 27.09.98. B 27.

4. RF patent 2110291, class a 61 N 1/18, "a Method of treatment of periodontal diseases", publ. 10.05.98. BI 13 - prototype method.

5. RF patent 2036671, class a 61 N 1/375, "Electrostimulator of gastrointestinal tract", publ. 10.06.95. BI 16 - device-prototype.

6. Offline elettrostimolatori of humans and animals/ C. C. Baker, C. F. Agafonnikov, ,Church of Dambai, O. S. Popov, A., Martusevich. Tomsk: Publishing house of the TPU, 1995. - 132 C. [S. 24-26].

1. Device for the treatment of periodontal disease and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity containing galvanic element, characterized in that it is made in the form of capsules containing dielectric sleeve of biologically inert material mounted on its one end a cathode cap and at the other end of the anode cap to the outer surface of which a coating of one or more metals, trace elements, and a resistor connected in series with a galvanic element and placed together with the latter inside the capsule, while the other output galvanic element is connected with the inner surface suitable is lacka.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the resistor value is in the range of 0.02-1.50 MW.

3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that on a separate part of the outer surface of the anode cap coated with various metals, trace elements, one for each separate part of the surface.

4. A method of treatment of periodontal diseases and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including electrophoresis, wherein the electrophoresis is carried out with the aid of a device according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, which during one procedure slowly, with stops moving along the surface of the mouth, while the magnitude of the current is chosen in the range from 1 to 30 μa, electrophoresis carried out once or twice a day for 15-30 days, with a duration of one procedure from 20 to 30 minutes

 

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