The correction method of dysarthria in children and adolescents
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to medicine, speech therapy. Hold finger pressure point massage of biologically active points located on the head and body. After this exercise, the impact of the microflow from device "Aurica" on auricular points. Sessions are conducted daily. The course is 10 sessions. The method expands the Arsenal of correction of dysarthria. The invention relates to speech therapy, using techniques of reflexology.Closest solution is the use of this method of reflexology as acupressure, in cases of stuttering (C. S. Ibragimova. Acupressure. - M.: Medicine, 1984, S. 58-61; A. I. nazief and L. N. Meshchersky. Acupressure at stuttering // Health, 1989, 1, S. 20; D. tank. Workshop on Chinese acupuncture and acupressure for children. - Taganrog, 1995, S. 111-112). The authors suggest the use of acupressure at stuttering to enhance the protective functions of the organism, for a calming effect on the nervous system in General. When this is applied corporal biologically active points of a wide range of actions, such as C14, MS, E36, P7, RP6, VG14, VB20, VG20 and other Frequency, duration of treatment of stuttering with totechnology approach to stuttering depending on their age, physiological and psychological symptoms. No data about the effectiveness of the use of acupressure for the correction of stuttering, on the relationship with other methods of treatment.The closest is a method of correction of stuttering in children and adolescents (Patent for invention 2149624 on the application 96116658 from 09.08.1996, registered in the State register of inventions of the Russian Federation 27.05.2000, Authors: Blinkov, Y. A., Ignatiev S. A.).The objective is to increase the effectiveness of speech therapy correction in cases of dysarthria (bulbar, pseudobulbar, subcortical, cerebellar, cortical), and also in cases of minimal manifestations of dysarthria (erased form) in children and adolescents through the use of the combined effects of methods of acupressure and auriculoventricular (the auricular electroreflectance).This object is achieved by holding finger acupressure 4-5 biologically active points (BUG) located on the head and body of the patient, from the series: GI4, GI11, RP6, F3, MS, MS, VG4, VG14, VG20, RS, RS, RS, RS, TR5, TR17, TR23, VG15, VG23, VG26, VG27, GI18, GI19, E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6, E7, E36, E, E, e, IG5, TG7, IG18, VB2, VB7, VB12, VB14, NT, VC23, VC24, P7, P11, VC15, VC17, VC22, VI 5, V43, V60, V65, V67, R1, after che is the shells microflow using the device for electroreflectance and correction "Aurica" out of range: - 3, 4,5,6, 11, 13, 15, 22A, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 51, 55, 82, 84, 87, 97, 100, 101, 121, 129, 130. Reflexology is 2 courses of 10 days each, with an interval of 10 days. If required courses are repeated in 3-6 months.There is a point impact on BAT:
GI4, GI11, E36, RP6, F3, MS, VG4, VG14, VG20 - point wide-spectrum, providing for the exposure method of acupressure restorative, anti-inflammatory, normalizing effect on the entire body;
RS, RS, RS, TR17, R23, VG14, VG15, VG23, VG26, VG27, GI4, GI18, GI19, E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6, E7, E, E, e, IG5, IG18, VB2, VB7, VB12, VB14, NT, VC23, VC24 - point, depending on the route of exposure (soothing or invigorating) eliminating or relieving spasms, tics, contracture, hyperkinesia of the muscles of the face, lips, tongue, cheeks or activating sluggish muscles articulatory apparatus;
P7, P11, VC15, VC17, VC22, V15, V43, V60, V65, V67, RS, TR5, IG7, VG4, VG20, F3, M, R1 - point regulating the autonomic nervous system, speech breathing, golosovanie.In the process of auriculoventricular passes dosage, it is painless for the patient impact with micro current from the device to electroreflectance and correction "Aurica" AT the ears:
- 3,4, 5,6, 11, 13, 15, 22A, 27, 30,31, 34, 5 what about the voice and departments of the peripheral speech apparatus (mouth, tongue, jaw, cheeks, throat, larynx, vocal folds, the respiratory centers, and others);
- 25, 29, 33, 51, 55, 82, 87, 95 - AT a wide range of activities that have a normalizing effect on the entire body, on the Central and autonomic nervous system, amplifying the effects of local points.The method is as follows: with each child or adolescent suffering from minimal or severe disarticulate manifestations, is two courses of acupuncture, developed individually for each patient based on verbal and nonverbal symptoms identified in the comprehensive medical, psychological and speech therapy examination. Each course consists of 10 daily sessions with an interval of 10 days (according to the General recommendations of acupuncture, which breaks between courses should correspond to the time duration of the course). If necessary, courses can be repeated after 3-6 months to achieve optimal results logopedic correction.During the sessions calming (brake) or tonic (depending on condition and muscle tone of the peripheral speech apparatus) is finger acupressure 4-5 BAT on the head of the top 4 auricular points in each ear with the help of the device "Aurica".Each session combined effects of acupressure and auriculotemporal lasts 50-60 minutes. When developing courses of treatment, principles of selection of acupuncture points, their combinations at each session of the course data is taken into account complex examination of patients with dysarthria (slurred speech, especially their verbal and nonverbal, in particular, ammediatly symptoms, and indications and recommendations for the methods used reflexology.For example, in the process of acupressure applied impact on symmetric BAHT, BAHT front and rear surfaces of the body, at the local and remote point, use a two-way cross-combination of points (GI4 - right and E36 left; G14 - left and E36 - right), the method of the triangle (the top point on the front or sidesliding Meridian). In addition, at each session of the course were selected combination of BAT, in General, positive effects on the body, facilitating spastic or pathologically sluggish muscles of the vocal apparatus; regulating the state of respiration, golosovanie; Central and autonomic nervous system.When using auriculoventricular at each session of the course is the impact of the microflow is key breathing, phonation, neural regulation of speech.AT 55 - we used at each session auriculoventricular as important auricular point with a pronounced analgesic, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antispasmodic effect.The method of combined use of acupressure and auriculoventricular was tested in the experimental group of 37 children and adolescents with minimal and severe manifestations of various forms of dysarthria (27 preschoolers, 10 students) seeking speech therapy through the center of traditional medicine "Albina" , Kursk. A control group of dysarthria (30 children) worked on complex medical-logopedic correction dysarthria without using reflexology on the basis of specialized groups of kindergartens for children with speech disorders, Kursk and special (correctional) school 5th form for children with severe speech disorders, in the Dmitriev Kursk region.As a result of application of the described correction method in most children and adolescents in the experimental group (20 preschoolers and 6 students, which is about 70% of the study) in cases of minimal manifestations of dysarthria udalost contributed to improving the efficiency correction articulatory, breathing and voice disorders; significantly improve or normalize the condition of the common speech and fine motor skills, prosody, sound pronunciation; allowed 3-4 times to reduce the time correction of logopedic work in the experimental group compared with the control group. The remaining 11 children, have expressed disertacija manifestations were included in the syndrome of cerebral palsy, were also noted positive changes in the state of speech: stop salivation (salivating), improvement of peripheral muscles of the vocal apparatus, articulatory motor, speech breathing, phonation, prosody.In the control group, the positive results of correction of dysarthria were obtained from 14 children, representing about 47% of the study. The other children saw a slight improvement in speech.Specific example
Yaroslav, 9 years, pseudobulbar dysarthria, spastic-precicesly form on the background cerebral palsy (right hemiplegia).Rough speech: increased salivation violations speech, gross and fine motor skills (dystonia, oral synkinesia), raceworthy finger acupressure and auriculoventricular. The correction method of dysarthria in children and adolescents, including the combined effect of acupressure and auriculotemporal, characterized in that the conducting finger acupressure depending on the symptoms of dysarthria soothing or stimulating way 4-5 biologically active points located on the head and body from a number GI4, GIll, RP6, F3, MS, MS, VG4, VG14, VG20, RS, RS, RS, RS, TR5, TR17, TR23, VG15, VG23, VG26, VG27, GI18, GI19, E1, E2, E3, E4, E5, E6, E7, E36, E, E, e, IG5, IG7, IG18, VB2, VB7, VB12, VB14, NT, VC23, VC24, P7, Pll, VC15, VC17, VC22, V15, V43, V60, V65, V67, R1, followed by painless for the patient impact with micro current from the device to electroreflectance and correction "Aurica" for 1-3 minutes on each of 4 auricular points from a number of- 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, 15, 22A, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 51, 55, 82, 84, 87, 97, 100, 101, 121, 129, 130, while the sessions are held daily in the course of 10 sessions, the second course in 10 days, courses repeated in 3-6 months.
SUBSTANCE: method involves stimulating blood circulation in testis and its appendage. Both femoral arteries are clamped above inguinal ligament with 30 s - 1 min long exposure time. The time is increased to 3 min. 4 sessions with 6 procedures per day are given during 4-6 days. Next 6-8 days, femoral arteries are clamped with 3 min long exposure time in 4 sessions each including 4-6 procedures. Then, the femoral arteries are clamped with 3-5 min long exposure time giving 4 sessions per day each including 4 procedures. Pause between procedures is 1-2 min long.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.