The power source of a mobile object
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to sources of supply of mobile objects. The technical result consists in the improvement of the dynamic properties and reducing overall mass indicators. For this purpose, the power source of a mobile object contains a battery, four capacitive energy storage, four bit key, four charging key, charger, motor, microcontroller. 1 Il. The invention relates to sources of supply of mobile objects, using as the actuator motor, and can be used in aircraft, automotive and other industries.There are many diverse sources of energy supply of mobile objects, which include tracking systems in aviation, navigation system, control system for an unmanned flying objects, actuating mechanism which serves as a motor.The prototype of the invention serves as a power source of a mobile object (patent RU 2085413 C1), which contains a battery, charger, capacitive drive energy is ITIL energy used small time significantly less than the total time of operation, and only to overcome peak loads, and all the rest of the power actuator (motor) is supplied from the rechargeable battery, the properties of which depend on the ambient temperature, therefore, to ensure good dynamics requires rechargeable high capacity battery, which increases the overall mass of the performance of the system.The objective of the invention is the improvement of the dynamic properties and reducing overall mass indices.The invention consists in that the power source of a mobile object, containing the battery, the charger, the combination of the charger and bit keys, capacitive energy storage device, the motor is further provided with a microcontroller, three capacitive energy storage devices, the inputs of which are connected with the charger, keys via the charger in the form of a choke, and exits through bit keys with an electric motor, with the input of the microcontroller is connected with the capacitive storage devices, and the output of the microcontroller is connected with the charger, keys and, through a bit keys, with an electric motor.On Go object contains a battery - chemical current source (CCS) - 1, the charging device in the form of a choke - 2, capacitive energy storage - 3, 4, 5 and 6, the charging keys 7, 8, 9 and 10, bit keys 11, 12, 13 and 14, the key 7 charging the capacitive energy store 3, the key 8 charging the capacitive energy store 4, the key 9 capacitive charge of the energy accumulator 5, the key 10 charge capacitive energy storage 6, the key 11 of the discharge of the capacitive energy store 3, the key 12 of the discharge of the capacitive energy store 4, key 13 discharge of capacitive energy storage device 5, the key 14 discharge of capacitive energy storage device 6, the microcontroller - 15, the entrance of which the magnitudes are proportional to the values of operating voltages with drives 3, 4, 5 and 6, and the output is the control voltage on the keys 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14, the actuator (motor) 16. The positive output of the battery 1 is connected through the key 7 with the capacitive energy storage device 3 through the key 8 with the capacitive energy accumulator 4 through the key 9 with the capacitive energy storage device 5 through the key 10 with capacitive energy storage 6. Capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6 are connected respectively through the keys 11, 12, 13, 14 with the motor 16. The negative output of the battery 1 is connected with negative about the charging occurs when open keys 11, 12, 13 and 14, the switching input keys 7, 8, 9, 10 occurs when the voltage on the capacitive energy storage voltage of the power source. In the initial state, all the drives are loaded.In the charge process initially closes the key 7 and the charge of the capacitive energy store 3, at the moment of achievement on it the voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is a simultaneous closure of the 8 key and the break key 7, then begins charging the capacitive energy store 4, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is a simultaneous closure of the key 9 and the opening key 8, then begins charging the capacitive energy accumulator 5, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) simultaneous closure of the key 10 and the unlocking key 9, followed by a charge capacitive energy storage 6, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is the opening of the key 10. At the final stage of charging all keys are open and the voltage on the capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6 is equal to the voltage at the power source 1 (HIT).The operation of the system and the process of charging the capacitive storage is l energy 3, begins to run on the electric motor 16, which is achieved by closure of the key 11 is open all the other keys. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy store 3 is permitted residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 12 is opened, connecting the discharge of the energy store 4, then after a delay time (predetermined, equal to the time of the transition process in the circuit of the motor 16) is opened, the key 11 and the closure of key 7, resulting begins charging the capacitive drive current 3.At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy store 4 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 13 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 5, then after some time delay occurs unlocking key 12 and the closure of key 8, resulting begins charging the capacitive energy store 4. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage device 5 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 14 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 6, then after some time of zudacomics energy 5. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage device 6 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 11 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 3, then after some time delay occurs unlocking key 14 and the closure of the key 10, resulting begins charging the capacitive energy store 6. Further, the discharge system to the electric motor 16 goes through the same cycles. In this mode of operation of the power system there is a parallel process associated with charging the capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6.At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 3 (closed key 7 and open the key 11) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 11 (at the beginning of discharging the capacitive energy accumulator 3 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging key 7. At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 4 (closed key 8 and open the key 12) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing razryadnika charger key 8. At the time when charging the capacitive energy accumulator 5 (closed key 9 and open the key 13) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 13 (at the time of discharging the capacitive energy accumulator 5 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging key 9. At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 6 (closed key 10 and open the key 14) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 14 (at the start of the discharge of capacitive energy storage device 6 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging of the key 10.The use of the proposed scheme not only increases the dynamic properties of the system due to the possibility in each moment of time to obtain a large current values given capacitive energy storage, and also to carry out the operation of the engine for a long time, but also reduced overall dimensions and mass characteristics of the system because used battery charge only drives, and engine performance is due he is mastny energy storage bit key, the motor, characterized in that it further provided with four charging keys, three bit keys, three capacitive energy storage devices, the microcontroller, the input of which is connected with the capacitive energy storage, and the output from the charger, keys and after a bit keys with a motor that inputs capacitive energy storage associated with charging the keys through the charger, and exits through a bit keys with an electric motor, the positive output of the battery is connected via the first key with the first capacitive energy storage unit through the second key to the second capacitive energy store, through the third key with the third capacitive energy storage, through the fourth key to the fourth capacitive energy storage, the negative output of the battery is connected to the negative plates of the four capacitive energy storage and the negative input of the motor, and the process of charging the capacitive energy storage occurs at open bit keys, switching the same charging key occurs when the voltage of the capacitive energy storage voltage of the power source and the process ramularia same charger and bit keys takes place at the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage is permitted residual stresses.
FIELD: electric equipment or propulsion of electrically-propelled vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: source comprises battery cells mounted in the skin or in part of the skin of the body skin of an electric motor car. The body and the skin are made of nonmetallic or plastic materials in the form of a honeycomb structure whose honeycombs receive a battery cell or array of battery cells.
EFFECT: reduced weight.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power sources used to supply electric motors at different values of consumed power. Proposed device contains first storage battery named energy battery connecting with second battery named power battery. Energy battery features higher energy density that power battery. Power battery is made to supply drive electric motor at different levels of power consumption with guaranteed sufficient power. Power battery is being practically constantly trickle charged from energy battery. Thus power battery provides temporary storing of electric energy supplied by energy battery, and supply of drive motor from said power battery is provided at different levels of power consumption according to requirements. Device for storing electric energy is made for detachable connection to external power supply source for charging of both electric batteries and their simultaneous independent trick le-charging.
EFFECT: provision of optimization of charging characteristics of electric storage batteries and increased service life of batteries.
27 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport facility with fuel elements used as power supply, generating electric power and output water as a by-product. The transport facility incorporates a tank accumulating water produced by fuel elements, a module releasing the said water produced by fuel elements and that from the transport facility outside surfaces into atmosphere, a module determining the state of the vehicle and a release control module regulating water releasing in compliance with a certain state. In compliance with the second version, the transport facility, incorporates a module releasing water produced by fuel elements and that from the facility outside surfaces into atmosphere, a module determining the facility state and a water release control module presetting the release conditions in compliance with the determined vehicle state and controlling the release module under preset release conditions. In compliance with the third version, the transport facility contains a working module controlling the fuel elements, a module releasing water produced by fuel elements, at least, partially, in the form of steam, with the remaining water portion being released together with exhaust gases from the fuel elements in atmosphere; and the release control module controlling the working module to keep the amount of water released by the water release module within the limits of tolerable water release.
EFFECT: ruling out moisturising the transport facility wheels, soiling the other vehicles, pedestrians and wayside facilities.
58 cl, 41 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a vehicle with fuel elements mounted thereon as a power source to generate electric power along with water formation as a by-product. In system (20) with fuel elements, water separated by gas-liquid separator (38) incorporated with hydrogen feed system and gas-liquid separator (48) incorporated with the air feed/discharge system (40) gets temporarily accumulated in buffer vessels (62a-62c). The said buffer vessels are arranged inside the vehicle front fender or inside its front bumper. Accumulated water is discharged from branch pipes (64b) and (64c) arranged in front of and beyond the vehicle front wheel where possible air flow effects caused by vehicle or its motion are relatively low. To reduce possible influence of the aforesaid effects on discharged water, it is possible to make an air path that will force, by air flow, the discharged water to flow backward inclined relative to the vehicle, or to form an air screen of exhaust gas or air in front of the discharged water.
EFFECT: production of the vehicle with fuel elements making a power source and generating electric power with formation of water as a by-product.
79 cl, 43 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system contains one battery and casing (4) for placement of each battery supplied with air inlet (2) on one of its sides and air outlet (3) on its other side. Demountable air filter (6) is installed on outer air inlet (2) of casing (4). Air inlet (2) or air outlet (3) is equipped with blower fan (7). Air flow sensor (10) is located at air inlet (2) or air outlet (3) without blower fan (7), it measures air flow incoming into casing (4) or outcoming from casing (4). Control block (9a) is connected respectively with storage battery (5) cells, blower fan (7), and air flow sensor (10) for measuring current, voltage and temperature of respective storage battery and electric control of blower fan (7) and air flow sensor (10). Communication device is connected with control block (9a) and it informs operator or user of condition deviation or time for replacement of air filter (6).
EFFECT: increase of reliability and ergonomic operation of system.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: traction mechanism includes energy source (110) to generate constant high voltage (120); motor drive (130) to generate electromotive voltage (140) from constant high voltage (120); and electric motor (150) to create traction effort. Energy source (110) includes thermal engine (160) to generate mechanical energy (170) due to fuel combustion; alternator (180); rectifier (200) to rectify alternating voltage (190) and produce constant low voltage (210); energy battery (220) to accumulate and supply energy developed from constant low voltage (210); and intermediate traction converter (230) to increase constant low voltage (210) and produce constant high voltage (120). Motor drive (130) includes power battery (240) to accumulate energy and supply power at constant high voltage (120); and traction converter (250) to generate electromotive voltage (140) from constant high voltage (120) when driving and to generate constant high voltage (120) from electromotive voltage when braking (140).
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced application of an electric traction system.
36 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: automotive production, chemistry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed electric motor car comprises motors supplied from batteries incorporating fuel elements. Fuel element electrodes (anode and cathode) represent square or rectangle, polygon, circle or oval and are arranged aligned or in parallel each other, adequately spaced apart. Electrolyte is arranged between aforesaid electrodes, while tight reagent chambers are located at the fuel element center and along its edges. Fuel elements force fuel and oxidiser into chambers nearby electrodes, with the help of vacuum pumps, and generate hydrogen and oxygen oxidiser continuously from water, contained in the car, by electrolysis or splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen for them to be directly transformed into electric power. Water splitting devices can transform AC into DC, voltage parameters into HV current of up to tens of thousand volts, generate electric pulses with appropriate generator and control electric pulse duration for deforming water molecular bonds and splitting them into oxygen and hydrogen for them to be fed into fuel element chamber. Water splitting device can represent an electrolyser.
EFFECT: reduced costs and ease of manufacture.
2 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: power propulsion device comprises shell with bearing gas, propeller group with electric drive, electrolysis plant with system of heat regulation, solar battery, electrically connected with electric drive of propeller group and electrolysis plant, electrochemical generator with system of heat regulation, electrically connected to electric drive of propeller group, unit of oxygen and hydrogen storage, which is pneumatically connected to electrochemical generator and electrolysis plant, reservoir with water, which is hydraulically connected to electrolysis plant and electrochemical generator, electric pump. Gas-liquid heat exchanger has been introduced with fan, installed in shell with bearing gas, and external heat exchangers of heat regulation systems of electrochemical generator and electrolysis plant, located in reservoir with water, which is arranged with heat protective coating. Electric pump and fan are connected to electrochemical generator. Gas liquid heat exchanger with electric pump and reservoir with water create a closed hydraulic circuit.
EFFECT: improved efficiency.
FIELD: flight vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power plants of flight vehicles. Proposed regenerative power plant comprises solar battery, propeller electric drive with control unit connected with solar battery, electrolyser connected with solar battery, electrochemical generator connected with aforesaid propeller drive control unit, hydrogen and oxygen storage and feed units communicated with electrochemical generator and electrolyser, water storage and feed unit communicated with electrochemical generator and electrolyser, and pump. Additionally, power plant comprises mixing chamber, combustion chamber, turbine with its shaft supporting compressor and electric generator, regenerative heat exchanger and heat exchanger-moisture separator accommodating water level pickup communicated with pump via control lines. Proposed method of operation consists in using regenerative power plant.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of power plant incorporated with airship.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to system of electric storage batteries of off-road vehicles with hybrid power plant. In compliance with the first and second versions, proposed system comprise multiple storage batteries to accumulate and release electric power. Every storage battery creates its working temperature that exceeds the highest ambient temperature. Cooling system, apart from engine cooling system, can regulate the temperature of multiple storage batteries. In compliance with the second version, the system additionally comprises measuring instrument to measure parametre of storage battery inner temperature and controller that controls storage battery heating to its efficient temperature. Every battery at certain inner temperature higher than ambient temperature. Every battery is cooled to a bit lower temperature than its efficient operating temperature when vehicle is not operated for long time intervals.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of fuel and traction power utilisation.
19 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: converter engineering; power supplies.
SUBSTANCE: proposed DC voltage step-down converter has input, output, and common leads for connecting DC power supply and load, respectively, as well as n circuits parallel-connected to output leads. Each circuit is set up of series-interconnected discharge diode, capacitor, and controlled discharge switch. Converter also has (n - 1) charge diodes, each inserted between unlike-polarity capacitor leads of respective adjacent circuits, controlled charge switch inserted between input lead and charge bus, controlled adjusting components, each connected in parallel with discharge diode of respective circuit, and two groups of switching components; each component of first group is parallel-connected to discharge switch of respective circuit and each switching component of second group is connected through one of its leads to common point of connection of capacitor and discharge switch of respective circuit; other lead of second-group switching component in first circuit is connected to charge bus. Newly introduced in proposed converter are (n - 1) additional controlled charge switches 6 through 10 and buses 12 through 17; each additional charge switch is connected between input lead 11 and respective additional charge bus; other lead of each next second-group switching component is connected to its respective additional charge bus.
EFFECT: reduced impulsive noise level due to uniform distribution of charge current pulses throughout their repetition period.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: controlled step-up DC converter comprises input (4), output and common (5) outputs for connection of accordingly source of DC voltage and load, n parallel connected chains connected between input and common outputs. Each chain consists of serially connected charging diode (3), capacitor (2) and charging key (1). Converter also comprises (n-1) discharging keys (6-10), every of which is connected between different outputs of capacitors in according adjacent chains, discharging key (16) connected between input output and point of capacitor and the last chain charging key connection. Converter includes (n-1) additional discharging keys and additional groups of m keys and (m-1) output terminals for connection of additional loads.
EFFECT: converter has wider functional resources, is able to work for several loads and at the same time has better weight and dimension indices.
SUBSTANCE: controlled step-down DC voltage converter, comprising inlet, outlet and common outputs for connection of accordingly DC voltage source and load, n chains, which are parallel connected to outlet leads, and each chain comprises serially joined discharge diode, capacitor and controlled discharge switch, (n-1) charge diodes, every of which by anode is connected to negative lead of capacitor of previous chain, n controlled charge switches connected between inlet lead and according charging bus, and also controlled adjustment elements, every of which is connected parallel to discharge diode of according chain, and two groups of switching elements, besides, each switching element of the first group is connected parallel to controlled discharge switch of according chain, and each switching element of the second group is connected by the first lead to according charge bus, and by the second lead - to the second one, and subsequent switching elements of the second group are connected to cathodes of according charging diodes. Converter includes n reactors, every of which is connected between the second lead of switching element of the second group and positive lead of capacitor of according chain.
EFFECT: improved efficiency factor and reduced level of pulse noise due to provision of soft switching mode of charge keys and smoothening of charge current pulses shape.