The power source of a mobile object

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to sources of supply of mobile objects. The technical result consists in the improvement of the dynamic properties and reducing overall mass indicators. For this purpose, the power source of a mobile object contains a battery, four capacitive energy storage, four bit key, four charging key, charger, motor, microcontroller. 1 Il.

The invention relates to sources of supply of mobile objects, using as the actuator motor, and can be used in aircraft, automotive and other industries.

There are many diverse sources of energy supply of mobile objects, which include tracking systems in aviation, navigation system, control system for an unmanned flying objects, actuating mechanism which serves as a motor.

The prototype of the invention serves as a power source of a mobile object (patent RU 2085413 C1), which contains a battery, charger, capacitive drive energy is ITIL energy used small time significantly less than the total time of operation, and only to overcome peak loads, and all the rest of the power actuator (motor) is supplied from the rechargeable battery, the properties of which depend on the ambient temperature, therefore, to ensure good dynamics requires rechargeable high capacity battery, which increases the overall mass of the performance of the system.

The objective of the invention is the improvement of the dynamic properties and reducing overall mass indices.

The invention consists in that the power source of a mobile object, containing the battery, the charger, the combination of the charger and bit keys, capacitive energy storage device, the motor is further provided with a microcontroller, three capacitive energy storage devices, the inputs of which are connected with the charger, keys via the charger in the form of a choke, and exits through bit keys with an electric motor, with the input of the microcontroller is connected with the capacitive storage devices, and the output of the microcontroller is connected with the charger, keys and, through a bit keys, with an electric motor.

On Go object contains a battery - chemical current source (CCS) - 1, the charging device in the form of a choke - 2, capacitive energy storage - 3, 4, 5 and 6, the charging keys 7, 8, 9 and 10, bit keys 11, 12, 13 and 14, the key 7 charging the capacitive energy store 3, the key 8 charging the capacitive energy store 4, the key 9 capacitive charge of the energy accumulator 5, the key 10 charge capacitive energy storage 6, the key 11 of the discharge of the capacitive energy store 3, the key 12 of the discharge of the capacitive energy store 4, key 13 discharge of capacitive energy storage device 5, the key 14 discharge of capacitive energy storage device 6, the microcontroller - 15, the entrance of which the magnitudes are proportional to the values of operating voltages with drives 3, 4, 5 and 6, and the output is the control voltage on the keys 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14, the actuator (motor) 16. The positive output of the battery 1 is connected through the key 7 with the capacitive energy storage device 3 through the key 8 with the capacitive energy accumulator 4 through the key 9 with the capacitive energy storage device 5 through the key 10 with capacitive energy storage 6. Capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6 are connected respectively through the keys 11, 12, 13, 14 with the motor 16. The negative output of the battery 1 is connected with negative about the charging occurs when open keys 11, 12, 13 and 14, the switching input keys 7, 8, 9, 10 occurs when the voltage on the capacitive energy storage voltage of the power source. In the initial state, all the drives are loaded.

In the charge process initially closes the key 7 and the charge of the capacitive energy store 3, at the moment of achievement on it the voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is a simultaneous closure of the 8 key and the break key 7, then begins charging the capacitive energy store 4, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is a simultaneous closure of the key 9 and the opening key 8, then begins charging the capacitive energy accumulator 5, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) simultaneous closure of the key 10 and the unlocking key 9, followed by a charge capacitive energy storage 6, and at the moment achieve it a voltage of the power source 1 (HIT) is the opening of the key 10. At the final stage of charging all keys are open and the voltage on the capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6 is equal to the voltage at the power source 1 (HIT).

The operation of the system and the process of charging the capacitive storage is l energy 3, begins to run on the electric motor 16, which is achieved by closure of the key 11 is open all the other keys. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy store 3 is permitted residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 12 is opened, connecting the discharge of the energy store 4, then after a delay time (predetermined, equal to the time of the transition process in the circuit of the motor 16) is opened, the key 11 and the closure of key 7, resulting begins charging the capacitive drive current 3.

At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy store 4 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 13 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 5, then after some time delay occurs unlocking key 12 and the closure of key 8, resulting begins charging the capacitive energy store 4. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage device 5 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 14 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 6, then after some time of zudacomics energy 5. At the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage device 6 is allowed residual voltage switching input and output key - the key 11 is closed, connecting the discharge of the capacitive energy storage device 3, then after some time delay occurs unlocking key 14 and the closure of the key 10, resulting begins charging the capacitive energy store 6. Further, the discharge system to the electric motor 16 goes through the same cycles. In this mode of operation of the power system there is a parallel process associated with charging the capacitive energy storage devices 3, 4, 5 and 6.

At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 3 (closed key 7 and open the key 11) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 11 (at the beginning of discharging the capacitive energy accumulator 3 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging key 7. At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 4 (closed key 8 and open the key 12) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing razryadnika charger key 8. At the time when charging the capacitive energy accumulator 5 (closed key 9 and open the key 13) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 13 (at the time of discharging the capacitive energy accumulator 5 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging key 9. At the time when charging the capacitive energy store 6 (closed key 10 and open the key 14) and the voltage value equals the value of the voltage on the current source 1, or at the moment of closing bit key 14 (at the start of the discharge of capacitive energy storage device 6 to the electric motor 16) is opened, the charging of the key 10.

The use of the proposed scheme not only increases the dynamic properties of the system due to the possibility in each moment of time to obtain a large current values given capacitive energy storage, and also to carry out the operation of the engine for a long time, but also reduced overall dimensions and mass characteristics of the system because used battery charge only drives, and engine performance is due he is mastny energy storage bit key, the motor, characterized in that it further provided with four charging keys, three bit keys, three capacitive energy storage devices, the microcontroller, the input of which is connected with the capacitive energy storage, and the output from the charger, keys and after a bit keys with a motor that inputs capacitive energy storage associated with charging the keys through the charger, and exits through a bit keys with an electric motor, the positive output of the battery is connected via the first key with the first capacitive energy storage unit through the second key to the second capacitive energy store, through the third key with the third capacitive energy storage, through the fourth key to the fourth capacitive energy storage, the negative output of the battery is connected to the negative plates of the four capacitive energy storage and the negative input of the motor, and the process of charging the capacitive energy storage occurs at open bit keys, switching the same charging key occurs when the voltage of the capacitive energy storage voltage of the power source and the process ramularia same charger and bit keys takes place at the moment of achievement on capacitive energy storage is permitted residual stresses.

 

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