Air conditioning

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to refrigeration and can be used for the artificial creation of favorable climatic conditions in homes, visual enterprises, administrative and public institutions, rail and road transport. The conditioner contains devices for cooling and heating air ducts, fans, irrigation camera, controls temperature and humidity. Device for cooling and heating and air ducts are combined and executed in the shape of a tube of thermal modules of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties. Plate tellurium are connected and the current source. Plate bismuth also connected and the current source by means of an electric circuit and are located in one or more rooms, rigidly fixed to the walls and ceilings of these pipes and steel pipe. Both pipes are connected to the drying Cabinet and refrigerator equipped with fans. Drying Cabinet contains coils of pipes with thermal modules that are located on its lateral walls and ceilings, and is made with the possibility of the Refrigerator are equipped with coils of pipe, containing thermal modules made with cooling chambers of the refrigerator and heat through the steel pipe in the living room (in winter) and heat from the pipes with thermal modules located in the living room - in airing cupboard, and cool rooms in the summer and heating living rooms in winter and exhaust cold in the fridge. Both pipes are fitted with fans. Refrigerator and oven contain tubes connected to the external atmospheric air. Irrigation camera installed in front of the fresh air duct and made in the form of endless, thin, absorbent filter rarely woven threads. Filters mounted on the drums. The upper drum is equipped with an electric drive. The lower drum is located in a receptacle filled with liquid, made with moisturizing and cleaning the incoming air from the particles and washing the filter. The technical result is to increase performance, simplify design, increase reliability and durability, energy efficiency, functionality, use, discharge of heat in a drying Cabinet and outlet cold in the fridge. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

Known air conditioners made in two versions: the individual installation and air conditioning for a group of premises.

Personal installation for air conditioning includes: heaters, small chillers, fan, devices for automatic control, filters.

The air conditioner for a group of premises includes: a heater for heating air, automatic valve, filters, valves, valve on the pipeline, irrigation chamber, pump, evaporators, refrigeration, fan, temperature controller, air ducts, silencers.

Famous domestic refrigerators made in the form of a Cabinet for storage at home perishables and prepared foods, as well as for more ice.

Refrigerators work by using Peltier effects. The fridge is made of thermal modules, consisting of two metals tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric lacquer, with high adhesion and electrochemical the temperature difference of up to 72oC, in a closed circuit with one of the contacts is heated, the other is cooled. When you change the current direction of the effect changes sign. Amount released or absorbed heat Q is proportional to the electric charge q passing through the contact Q= q, where P is the Peltier coefficient, depending on the nature of the contacting materials.

Known drying Cabinet containing heat-insulating walls, doors and vents with dampers. Drying oven has a heating device /electric, gas, and other/ with thermostats and thermometers, scales which are out, and fans for air circulation.

Known air conditioners have low productivity, complex, bulky, not durable and reliable, if not efficiently energy is used.

The aim of the invention is to increase performance, simplify design, increase reliability and durability, energy efficiency, expanding the functionality /use of discharging heat for the drying chamber, and a discharge cold for fridge/.

This goal is achieved by the conditioning that contains ostrodumov. Device for cooling and air-heating and air duct is made in the form of round, square or multi-sided tube or coil of pipe arranged in the ceiling of one or several rooms, made of thermal modules of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties, where the plates of tellurium are connected and the current source, plates bismuth also connected and the current source by means of an electric circuit. Both pipes are rigidly fixed to walls and ceilings and is connected to the drying Cabinet and refrigerator equipped with fans. Drying Cabinet contains coils of pipes with thermal modules that are located on its lateral walls and ceilings, and is configured to heat the premises of the drying Cabinet and exhaust cold steel pipe in the living room /summer/. The fridge is stocked with coils of pipe containing thermal modules made with cooling chambers of the refrigerator and heat through the steel pipe in the living room /winter/ and heat removal from the pipe, equipped with a thermal modules located in the living room, drying Cabinet and cooling rooms /summer/ or load, the f contain pipes, United with the outer atmospheric air. Irrigation camera installed in front of the fresh air duct and made in the form of endless, thin, absorbent filter rarely woven threads. Filter stretched on drums, the upper drum is equipped with an electric drive, and the lower drum is located in a receptacle filled with liquid, designed to hydrate and clean incoming air and washing of the filter. Coils of pipe drying chamber and refrigerator are located in the rooms, equipped with electric pumps and connected through the receptacle and configured to circulate the coolant pipes.

The novelty of the claimed technical solution in comparison with the known air-conditioned due to the fact that due to the manufacturing of thermal modules in the form of tubes of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish creates a temperature difference of up to 72oC. through supply pipes electric fan and the connection of these pipes with a drying Cabinet and a refrigerator is to remove the heat outside the building through the drying Cabinet and bend cold through the fridge. This increases performance, simplify design, increase reliability and delhotal of the pipes of the air conditioner is used for drying vegetables, fruits and berries, and discharge the cold from the air conditioner is used for cooling and storage of perishables, prepared foods, and produce ice. In the study of technical solutions used in the patent and scientific and technical materials not discovered such a set of features that allows us to judge the novelty of essential features.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

in Fig.1 depicts ways of making a thermal modules for heating and cooling;

in Fig.2 depicts the refrigerator;

in Fig. 3 shows the options for the location of the apartments of steel pipes and pipes with thermomodule;

in Fig.4 shows air conditioners, equipped with a refrigerating unit and a drying Cabinet, connected between themselves by means of steel tubes and pipes with thermal modules;

in Fig.5 - this is the same version.

In one or more rooms in their ceilings fixed steel pipe 1 and pipe 2, which is made of thermal modules 3 of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties are designed to create a temperature difference on namoi form. Pipes can be made of tellurium coated with dielectric varnish and on its surface tightly wound into the form of a spiral tape, made of bismuth, or a tube made of bismuth, it is covered dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties on its surface is wound in a spiral ribbon, made of tellurium. The pipe can be manufactured in the second embodiment. Produce thermal modules in the form of semi-circular grooves, covered dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties: two groove are connected to each other, are pressed tightly to each other, these grooves are mounted in a tube made of a dielectric material between thermal modules install dielectric strip 5. The pipe can be manufactured in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the second, is the fact that thermal modules manufactured in the form of corners.

thermal modules can be executed in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the first, is the fact that the pipe is made of tellurium, covered dialecticism varnish, the outer surface is covered with ribbon, made of bismuth, thermomodule electrical circuit. Pipes 1 and 2 are connected with a drying Cabinet 6 and refrigerator 7. Pipes 1 and 2 is equipped with a fan 8. Drying Cabinet 6 is equipped with coils of pipe 9 located on the walls and ceiling of the Cabinet 6, made with the possibility of space heating the drying chamber 6 and outlet cold steel pipe 1 in living room /summer/. At the same time in a drying oven at low moisture content and can produce canning method of drying for long-term storage of fruits, vegetables, berries. In winter this drying Cabinet can perform the function of a refrigerator, for this change of direction of the electric current. While thermal modules will cool the room Cabinet and take the heat out of the closet on the steel pipe 1 by means of the vane 8 in the living room. Refrigerator 7 is equipped with coils of pipe 10 containing thermal modules 3, made with the possibility of cooling chambers of the refrigerator 7 and heat removal from the refrigerator 7 through the steel pipe 1 in living room /winter/ and in the summer outside on the pipe 11. Tubes 1, 2 and the branch pipe 11 provided with a valve 12, is arranged to adjust the flow of warm air into the drying chamber 6 and the cold air in the refrigerator 7 and accommodations. Indoor rooms, Ho is on the air intake duct 15. Irrigation camera 14 is in the form of endless, thin, absorbent filter 16 of rare woven threads, the filter 16 is stretched on the reels 17 and 18. The upper drum 17 is connected with an electric motor 19, and the lower drum 18 is located in the tank 20 filled with liquid, designed to hydrate and clean incoming air and washing the filter 16 from dust particles.

Air conditioning can be performed in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as 1, 2, 3, 4 options, differs from them in that the drying Cabinet and refrigerator are located nearby, the pipe 9 is connected with the cavity of the refrigerator, and the pipe 10 of the refrigerator is connected to the cavity of the drying chamber 6. When this diversion of cold from the drying chamber 6 is made in the location of the refrigerator, and heat removal from the refrigerator 7 is in the room drying chamber 6. The exhaust is cold in the winter period from the premises of the tube 2 is in the fridge. The heat in the summer from the premises of the tube 2 is made in a drying Cabinet.

Air conditioning can be performed in the sixth embodiment. The sixth option is the same as the fifth option, differs from it in that refrigerator 7 and a drying Cabinet 6 combined. As heart and soul is through the period he serves as a refrigerator. To combine the functions of the drying Cabinet and the refrigerator on thermal modules 3 plates of tellurium and bismuth change the direction of the current in an electrical circuit.

Air conditioners can be performed in the seventh embodiment. The seventh option is the same as 1-6 options, differs in that they are provided with a pump 21 and an additional tank 22 filled with liquid - coolant.

The device operates as follows. Summer. The air temperature in the shade more than +35oC. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 19, the electric pump 8, thermal modules, located in the refrigerator 7, the coil of pipe 10, in a drying Cabinet 6, the coil of pipe 9 and the pipe 2 located in the rooms. In the pipe 10, 2 creates a temperature difference on the outer surface of the pipe -36oWith the inner surface of the pipe +36oC. In the coils of pipe 9 located in a drying Cabinet 6, on the outer surface of the pipe temperature +36oWith and on the inner surface -36oC. electric pump 8 produces the heat from the coils of the pipe 10, from the refrigerator 7 from the pipe 2 located in one or more rooms, and produces the movement of warm air from the pipes in the premises of Sushil is I. When this warm air stream enters the lower base of the drying chamber 6 and is moved upwards. Spread out on a mesh shelves vegetables, fruits, berries and green stems of plants, pre-before they put on the shelves, sorted, washed, cleaned, remove rough inedible parts of potatoes, onions, root vegetables - remove the peel, apples, pears - remove seed chamber, is subjected to welding or are steamed, then cooled in cold water. Grapes and some fruit scald in boiling alkaline solution, then cooled and washed, then put on the shelves. Dry warm air circulating through mesh shelves, where spread a thin layer of vegetables, fruits, berries and green stems of vegetables, moves upward, humidified, cooled and removed through the pipe 11 to outside of the room, carrying the moisture. Willingness drying products is determined visually by the appearance. Dried fruits should contain water 18-20%, dried vegetables no more than 14%, dry potatoes to 12%. In the dry product is well preserved vitamin b1IN2partly vitamin C, Pro-vitamin a /carotene/ and other Dried fruits take up less volume, 6-10 times requires less packaging. These dry products can Dolpa in the refrigerator creates a temperature of -36oSince, the temperature can be adjusted and set proper temperature. As soon as the temperature of the air inside the refrigerator reaches zadannykh parameters, the controller 13 temperature opens the electrical circuit supplying thermal modules 3 arranged in coils of pipe 10. The operation of thermal modules 3 in the coils of the pipe ends. As soon as the temperatures increase above specified parameters, the controller 13 temperature closes an electrical circuit supplying thermal modules in the coils of the pipe 10 in the refrigerator. Then all the operations are repeated. As soon as the temperature of the air in a residential area will be reduced to the proper settings, the controller 13 temperature opens the electrical circuit supplying thermal modules 3, located in the pipe 9. As soon as the temperatures increase to specified parameters, the controller 13 temperature again closes an electrical circuit, the supply thermomodule 3 located in the pipe 2. Then all the operations are repeated.

In a drying Cabinet 6 thermal modules are located in the coil pipes 9, on the outer surface of the pipe creates temperature +36oWith the inner surface of -36oC. Fan 8, equipped with an electric drive produces withdrawal of honik, the cold air passes from the bottom up and removed the pipe 11 from the fridge outside the room. Supply and removal of air in the refrigerator and an oven can be adjusted by the valve 12. The fridge and oven always remains fresh air. In winter, thermal modules, located in the pipe 9, to change the direction of the electric current. In thermal modules in the pipe 2 on the outer surface is created temperature +36oWith and on the inner surface - -36oC. electric pump 8 produces withdrawal cold from the inner surface of the pipe 2 into the room.

The air in the tube 2 can be made from the premises of the apartment through the pipe 11. Drying Cabinet 6, if it is not needed, can perform the function of the refrigerator. For this purpose, thermal modules change the direction of the electric current. The pump can move the air flow in one direction and in the opposite direction, and it can suck air into the system as indoor and outdoor air /Fig.4/, and remove the exhaust air to outside through the condenser 7 and a drying Cabinet 6. When the suction air from the room into the tube 2 in a room by negative pressure and fresh air penetrates Cherkesova of the engine 19. The electric motor 19 rotates the drum 17, the drum rotates the filter 16. The filter moves through the liquid located in the tank 20. The filter 16 is wetted in the liquid. Air passing through the filter 16, moisturize and hydrate the location of the room and improves the quality of the capture of fine dust particles in the air. Dry dust sticks to wet the filter 16, hygroscopic filter 16, moving through the layer of liquid washes away dust particles off the surface of the filter 16 and besieging dust in the vessel 20.

Device 1-4 version work the same as in the first embodiment. The device can operate in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as the first, is the fact that drying Cabinet 6 and refrigerator 7 are located next to or interlocked coils of pipes 9 are connected directly to the location of the refrigerator 7, and the coil of pipe 10 of the refrigerator 7 is connected with the premises of the drying chamber 6 by a pump 8 and produces the heat from the pipe 10 equipped with a thermal modules into the room drying chamber 6 and the outlet of the cold from the drying chamber 6 is made by steel pipe 1 by means of a pump 8 in a location in one or more rooms /summer/, the heat in the winter from the refrigerator in a location of one or more of the IRS diversion of cold is produced by means of a pump 8 in the fridge 7.

The device can operate in the sixth embodiment. The sixth option is the same as 1 and 5 options, differs from them in that refrigerator 7 and a drying Cabinet 6 are combined and can operate as a refrigerator and as a drying Cabinet 6, for this purpose, the remote control in thermal modules change the direction of the electric current.

The device can operate in the seventh embodiment. The seventh option is the same as 1-6 options, differs from them in that the coils of pipes and pipe provided with a pump 21. For completing the electrical circuit supplying the electric pump 21. The pump 21 moves along the pipe system the coolant heats or cools the room of the Suite.

Sources of information

TSB, ed.2, T. 22, S. 361-365, T. 41, S. 347, 349.

Inventor and innovator. 2001, 1, S. 26.

1. Air conditioning, containing a device for cooling and heating air ducts, fans, irrigation camera, controls temperature and humidity, characterized in that the device for cooling and heating and air ducts are combined and executed in the shape of a tube of thermal modules of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties, where the plates tellurium is an electric circuit and are located in one or more rooms, rigidly fixed to walls and ceilings and this steel pipe, both pipes are connected to the drying Cabinet and a refrigerator equipped with a fan, airing cupboard contains coils of pipes with thermal modules that are located on its lateral walls and ceilings, and is configured to heat the premises of the drying Cabinet and exhaust cold steel pipe in the living room (in summer), the fridge is stocked with coils of pipe containing thermal modules made with cooling chambers of the refrigerator and heat through the steel pipe in the living room (in winter) and heat from the pipes with thermal modules located in the living room - in airing cupboard and cool rooms in the summer and heating living rooms in winter and diversion cold in the fridge, both pipes are fitted with fans, refrigerator and oven contain tubes connected to the external atmospheric air, irrigation camera installed in front of the fresh air duct and made in the form of endless, thin, absorbent filter rarely woven threads, filters mounted on the reel, the upper drum is equipped with an electric drive, and the lower drum is in the tank, filled tx2">

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the coils of pipes oven and fridge, and pipes located in the rooms, equipped with electric pumps and are connected through the receptacle and configured to move through the pipes of the coolant.

 

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