Wind power complex

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to mitragliatrice. Wind energy complex includes a carrier tower mounted with its end face on the rotary platform of a wind turbine coupled with a generator, two of breathable heliotropiaceae located one above the other on supports above process auxiliary space with established there heat generating equipment, is covered by a translucent insulating material in the form of domes formed of two surfaces. The space under the lower heliotropiaceae is communicated with the atmospheric air through the opening above the ceiling technological auxiliary spaces, and the air cavity under the upper heliotropiaceae reported with heat-producing equipment located in the technological auxiliary space through the ventilation ducts. The upper opening of the air cavity above the upper heliotropiaceae covered auxiliary sleeve fixed relative to the housing of the bearing tower with a cylindrical internal cavity, an outlet opening which is closed by a chief who La synchronized by a wind direction sensor and associated control devices with moving turntable. Top heliotropiaceae has an additional thermal storage layer. Heat flow coming from an injecting nozzle, creating an area of low pressure, which increases Vetropack exerted on the wind-wheel, and increases energy production. Wind energy system can produce 50% more commodity of electricity at minimum cost and gives additional effect from the operation of technologically created associated with electricity generation industrial premises, represents the owners exploited microelectrochemical to spend them a cost-effective renovation. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to mitragliatrice, namely the facilities that converts wind energy and solar rays into electricity and heat.

Known technical solution that uses the difference in temperature regimes, creating air ceilings rising type and vetonaruto to generate clean energy [patent of Russia Tower engine 2038511, F 03 D 3/04, publ. 27.06.95], comprising a hollow tower, the wind wheel and the generator, kinematically connected through a shaft with the propeller, and the tower bioethical with exhaust pipe, communicating with a source of heat, including heliotype from the attic.

The disadvantage of this technical solution is the instability of its work due to the variations of wind loads and low power used heat sources to create a rising air currents.

Known technical solution "Solar wind" [see application Germany 3312977, F 03 D 9/00, publ. 1984], which includes a wheel and an electric generator, a hollow load-bearing tower, helenarafael air above them transparent cover forming an air channel which is connected with the cavity of the supporting tower.

This solution allows to obtain more powerful ascending air flow, increasing the efficiency of the plant.

The disadvantages of this setup is expensive items heleonastes, instability under different weather conditions.

The closest technical solution to the present invention is a device comprising a carrier tower with wind turbine coupled with a generator, heliotropiaceae with transparent tapering dome, forming a cavity above heliotropiaceae, and having lower and upper openings DL J 2/42, publ. 07.02.91].

This solution allows to stabilize the generation of electricity in time, but also does not provide a sufficiently high efficiency and power generated electricity, high capital investment and high cost per unit of electricity produced.

At the same time, the wind power generation is the fastest growing energy market in the industrialized countries. Already achieved in many models of ferroelectromagnetic reducing the cost per kilowatt of installed capacity to the level of construction of coal-fired power plants and continues work on its reduction to the level of power plants running on gas.

The most significant drawback of ferroelectromagnetic, however, is a relatively low coefficient of average annual use of their design capacity, which usually 40-50%.

This is because averaged over year rate of natural metropolice (most often it is in the range of 5-6 m/sec) actually reduced relative to its value for the design capacity of ferroelectromagnetic, which is calculated on rated load / min net the ith reliable sales microelectronique at random intervals due to planned work of other power plants in the powerful energy for sporadic reduce loads of these power plants reduce their economic performance; in addition takes place and the competition of the producers of electrical energy.

The problem of accumulation of microelectronique in most cases does not find a satisfactory solution in part of the budget of designs.

To overcome these negative factors aims of the proposed technical solution.

The technical result of the proposed technical solution is to increase the efficiency of existing and planned wind turbines, increasing the power produced electricity, the reduction of specific capital expenditures and cost per unit of electricity generated, while ensuring maximum effectiveness occupied by wind energy surrounding areas.

This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved by the fact that relative to the known device, comprising a carrier tower with wind turbine coupled with a generator, heliotropiaceae with transparent tapering dome, forming a cavity above heliotropiaceae and the region have the Menno: transparent tapering dome, made of setpredicate insulating material, is formed from two surfaces, the closing in the form of domes of two serial connected cavity, in which are located heliotropiaceae installed one above the other on the supports, passing through the lower educated heliotropiaceae technological auxiliary space with established there equipment, including exothermic, thus the bottom heliotropiaceae made in the form of covering the body of the bearing tower, with at least 3 sides, heliopause breathable platform placed on it heliopause layer, and the upper, with a geometrically similar basis, smaller in size, is made in the form heliopause platform, consisting of two energy-transducing breathable layers, including the top - heliopause and lower heat storage with high heat and vozduhoprovodyaschih and carrying breathable Foundation, and under the lower heliotropiaceae formed an aperture for the passage of heated atmospheric air, which process auxiliary space equipped with additional ceiling, while wernneorway platform, and the upper aperture of the top - with a supporting sleeve having a cylindrical internal cavity, fixed relative to the housing of the bearing tower, and its top outlet is closed by the rotary flange, kinematically coupled to the housing of the auxiliary sleeve and provided with an injecting air flow nozzle, thus pivoting flange connected to the actuator, through which the control device is electrically connected to the sensor direction of atmospheric wind and synchronized to move with the installed on the upper end of the bearing tower rotary platform mounted on the wind turbine and the generator, thus to the bearing breathable base heliopause platform fixed removable charms placed in them heat generating devices, which through a control device electrically connected with the electrical output of the generator, and docked heat-generating Vodokanal ventilation systems of technological auxiliary spaces, and in the ceiling and heliopause platform Windows that made by controlled actuators technological openings.

Azvodstroy exothermic processes concentrating and transforming them into energy of flow in combination with a system that synchronizes the movement of the flow direction of the natural wind, and guide it with the back side of the propeller up and in the direction of the wind, allows you to increase power generation by the generator, and also to increase efficiency even at low speeds the natural wind.

The system design heat accumulation of solar and wind energies, representing also the ability to share exothermic heat production, made from cheap and available materials, can reduce capital construction costs of petroenergokomplect, to reduce the unit cost of generated electricity by increasing the efficiency used by the wind energy covered by squares.

Furthermore, unlike the known device is that in the process auxiliary spaces created insulated areas where refrigeration units of vegetable and freezers, heat generating elements are placed in Vodokanal ventilation systems.

The creation of the, for example, freezers and storage facilities, allows highly efficient way to further improve the efficiency involved in the wind energy space, and enable waste heat produced by the heat generating elements of these devices in the process of extracting cold from the environment into the overall system, concentrating the heat injected in the flow, and thereby increase the efficiency of the windmill and its power.

The drawing shows a schematic layout of petroenergokomplect.

Carrier tower 1 set the rotary platform 2, which is a generator 3 for generating electric energy from an electric voltage u of the Generator 3 via a connecting shaft coupled to the propeller 4, the blades of which are under the influence of the natural flow of the wind 5.

To the housing of the bearing tower 1 fixed bearing breathable base 6 covering the carrier tower 1, with at least three sides, and is made, for example, made of sheet metal with lots of holes 7 of small diameter. In the proposed petroenergocomplete the Northern part of the carrier permeable base 6 has the systematic maintenance for various purposes. Support breathable base 6 mounted on a support 8. On the host breathable base 6 is placed breathable storage tank 9 in the form of heat storage layer, the upper surface of which is made also breathable and covered with breathable heliopause surface 10 of the heat-conductive material, for example, of a layer of small forms, made of dark heliopause material, which together constitute heliotropism platform. The last covered translucent insulating material 11 in the form of a dome with a conical or prismatic surface corresponding to the shape of the perimeter heliopause platform. In the drawing the sun's rays indicated by the number 12. The upper aperture of the light dome is translucent cover 11 is attached to the bottom base of the auxiliary sleeve 13 covering the outer surface of the bearing tower 1 and is fixed relative to it. Internal cylindrical cavity 14 of the auxiliary sleeve 13 is a vertical continuation of the internal cavity 15 formed heliopause platform and transmitting the dome 11. The upper base 16 supporting sleeve 13 Songo base 16 supporting sleeve 13 by means of, for example, sliding bearing, which is not shown. The rotary flange 18 around the passage bore of the outlet 17 is installed injector nozzle 19, free internal cavity through the outlet 17 and the inner cylindrical cavity 14 is connected with an internal cavity 15 under light dome 11.

Under heliopause platform placed heliopause breathable platform 20 is placed on thermally conductive layer of dark material 21 with a high density of the air channels 22 in it. Heliopause breathable platform 20 extends at its outer perimeter beyond heliopause platform and repeats, mainly geometrical contour of the perimeter of the latter. Air channels 22 are used for air passage 23 from the environment in adplatform cavity 24 formed heliopause breathable platform 20 and performed her cover of translucent insulating material 25 in the form of a dome having a conical or prismatic surface depending on the shape of the outer perimeter heliopause platform 20. The upper aperture of the dome 25 is attached around the perimeter is between both of the mentioned platforms, and in the Central part it is limited to the outer surface of the bearing tower 1. Heliopause platform 20 covers his inner perimeter load-bearing tower 1 and firmly connected thereto, and relative to the surface of the earth it is supported by the supports 8. Under heliopause platform 20 is made ceiling 26 forming process opening around the perimeter of the latter for receiving the air 23 from the environment in polpettone space 27. Under the ceiling 26 is formed of technological auxiliary space 28 for placement of production equipment, primarily for installation in him exothermic equipment 29.

For automatic orientation of an injecting nozzle 19 in the direction of the wind 5 swivel flange 18 is kinematically connected to the actuator 30 via the control unit 31 is electrically connected to the sensor 32 wind direction 5.

To use the internal cavity 24 under heliopause platform in the auxiliary, compatible with energy production, industrial processes, and to use the excess electrical energy generated during elevated wind speeds of 5, on the raw vazduhoplovaca in Vostoktelecom contact and heat the material of the storage tank 9, which is electrically connected with the output of the generator 3 through the control unit 34 and which is fixed relative to the bearing breathable base 6 removable suspensions. Their production technology services through the openings made in the ceiling 26 and heliopause platform 20, which is not shown. In addition, the drawing does not show the air ducts and ventilation systems, which divert heat fluxes and evaporation from the exothermic equipment 29 directly to the bearing breathable base 6, and installation of refrigeration units, placing heat-producing elements in the ventilation ducts, as it is clear and makes the drawing easier to understand.

The device operates as follows.

Natural wind 5, acting on the wheel 4, causes the rotation of the generator 3, which generates electricity with a voltage U, which is fed into the power network and then on to the consumers. If the direction of the natural wind 5 receives the signal from the wind direction sensor to the control device, which leads to a rotation of povorotnie to the plane of rotation of the propeller and forth along the axis of the shaft, connecting wind wheel 4 with generator 3, which surrounds the casing of the latter. In the drawing, the electrical circuit controls the rotational movement of the turntable 2 is not shown.

Simultaneously, the sensor 32 wind direction 5 through the control device 31 acts on the position of the actuator 30, which causes the rotation of the rotary flange 18, resulting in an injecting nozzle 19 is in a position with the back side of the bearing tower 1 with respect to the position of the propeller 4 and the wind direction 5. The surface of an injecting nozzle 19 can be designed in such a way that it rotates the output aperture of an injecting nozzle 19 in the leeward position, but it must be ensured high quality sliding bearing swivel flange 18. The 23 air, heated air storage tank 9, heliopause surface 10 and heliopause material 21, where the latter enters solar energy, through an injecting nozzle 19 extends into the environment warm skorosti the flow 23. This air flow is directed upward, it expands in volume as its temperature exceeds the ambient temperature, and also in the direction digiti reduced pressure in the environment from the backside of the propeller 4, and due to the presence of wind 5, even a small speed, the conditions for amplification of metropolice through the wheel 4. Due to this, the amount of electricity generated by the generator 3 increases. In addition, to increase the efficiency of the heated flow 23, leaving an injecting nozzle 19 may be additionally secured relative to the rotary platform 3 and the rotary flange 18 two parallel walls of the film, spaced from the axis of the tower at a distance of the radius of the propeller with its leeward side, and oriented along metropolice 5 that restricts the air flow from the sides in an area of low pressure.

Air heating 23, the stream which emerges from an injecting nozzle 19, is as follows. The sun's rays 12, getting on heliopause surface 10, heat it up, and it transmits heat seeping convective way air 23 through breathable storage tank 9 and heliopause surface 10, which is made of a thin layer of small dark forms heliopause material, for example, crushed stone, dark or tennisnogo stone or pressed small forms of coal dust. In addition to what edstam channels 22, to enable convective promotion of air up through heliopause material 21 into the cavity 24 under the translucent surface 25. Heliopause layer of material 21 is made of dark metal plates with many holes. It can be performed as in the previous case. Next, the preheated air in heliopause platform 20 is fed through the top bearing breathable base 6 in his vozduhoprovodyaschih channels 7 - breathable storage tank 9, where it partially gives off heat and passes through heliopause breathable surface 10, and then flows into the inner space 15 beneath the translucent material 11. Air passing through the second heliopause surface 10, is additionally heated, and yet in a Sunny period last transmits heat also heat the breathable material in the storage tank 9. Because of the two processes of heat transfer it is the accumulation of thermal energy for device operation in nesoleny period of the day. From the cavity 15 of the air through the internal cylindrical cavity in the supporting sleeve 13 and the penetration hole 17 in its upper founded the effect in the surrounding space from the back side of the propeller 4, providing conditions for increasing electricity generation.

In addition, in the proposed device uses a technologically auxiliary space 28, concluded between the ceiling 26 and the surface of the earth.

Use the space 28 exothermic equipment 29, which can produce valuable commodities and at the same time to give their inevitable and considerable heat loss through the above process channel, contributes to more substantial increase in electricity generation. For this purpose, the air ducts of ventilation systems necessary to ensure the work exothermic equipment (in the drawing, they are not shown), are fed through the ceiling 26 and heliopause platform 20 to heliopause platform and latter it joins the carrying breathable base 6. As exothermic equipment can be used in process plants for bakery products, hot canning products, smoked meat and fish products and other Particularly valuable technological equipment for placement in the manufacturing space 28 is complex for re gives a very valuable commodity products in the form of organic fertilizer (40% by weight of the waste), particularly effective feed (10%) and very expensive chitin (1-2%). This set only at the expense of commercial products smoothmedia within 12 months together with the cost of production facilities and technological equipment. This process is exothermic, and its implementation in the manufacturing space 29 will produce a substantial - increase in electricity generation of the proposed device. When you install this device near industrial settlements in space 28 can be installed the equipment for manufacture of castings of aluminum and plastics.

The same is especially valuable for petrogeneticheskoe complex is the use of its territory under heliopause platform 20 and the ceiling 26 of the refrigeration units for vegetable storage and freezers. These units are expensive is cold, and the concomitant process heat in normal cases scatters. In the proposed device such heat is utilized, giving in the process of energy transformations very powerful heat flow.

Calculations show that due to the use of exothermic equipment 29 in the space 28 return is et to be within 12-24 months without regard to the additional increase in electricity generation.

For additional stabilization of electricity, especially during periods of high wind speeds and solar radiation, to the installed generators 33 together with teploobrazovanie products through the control unit 34 is supplied electric power from the electric generator 3. In the drawing the connection between the generator 3 and the control device 34 is a schematic representation of the supply voltage U at the input of the control unit 34. The generators providing the drying and finishing of thermal processing of food, such as dried berries, fruits, vegetables, fish, available in removable racks that are placed in electropneumatically finishing heating, convert the received electrical energy into heat, perform completion processing products and heated at the same time thermal storage substance in the breathable storage tank 9, which creates a supply of thermal energy. Drying and hot finishing products containing moisture, ensures the formation of water vapor, which in the end together with the heated air out through the injection nozzle 19 to the outside, helping to increase electricity generation, as moist and warm, which indicate the heat generating mode finishing products that is, its temperature mode, as well as within acceptable limits regulate the timing of the supply of electricity to the heat generating device, based on the current state of electricity generation by the electric generator 3.

Breathable storage tank may contain such amount of cheap heat capacity of substances to provide a supply of thermal energy in it for a few days.

The present invention improves the efficiency of the existing microelectrochemical, although it can be used in new projects.

The solar energy provides a significant addition to the value of electricity generation. For example, in the middle zone of Europe, averaged by year solar radiation is about 0.2 kW/m2and the daytime summer time is about 0.6 kW/m2.

In winter, this averaged figure leaves 0,1-0,15 kW/m2but in this period there is a high wind potential. If the outer diameter heliopause platform is 100 m, the total area of the absorption of solar rays, in General, the device is about 9 thousand m2and therefore, during the winter day, in average terms, GW solar energy. Taking into account the efficiency of the installation, an additional increase of generated electric power will be in the winter time is about 200 kW, and in the summer - not less than 700 kW. This is a substantial increase in electricity generation by microelectrochemical installed capacity of 1000-1500 kW, which on average throughout the year, averaged value, develop the actual power 500-750 kW due to low average wind potential. Therefore, the actual increase of the current capacity of ferroelectromagnetic will, due to the proposed device, to be about 40-60% or more when the value of the capital costs for the implementation of the proposed device is not more than 10% of the value of ferroelectromagnetic.

The invention allows efficient use of space, occupied wind power complex in the sense of increasing the electricity production, and in terms of organization of securities marketable products, which increases the economic efficiency of the complex.

1. Wind energy complex, including the supporting tower with a wind turbine coupled with a generator, heliotropiaceae with transparent tapering dome, is the battery, mounted in the cavity, characterized in that the transparent tapering dome, made of translucent insulating material, is formed from two surfaces, the closing in the form of domes of two serial connected cavity, in which are located heliotropiaceae installed one above the other on the supports, passing through the lower educated heliotropiaceae technological auxiliary space with established there equipment, including exothermic, thus the bottom heliotropiaceae made in the form of covering the body of the tower, at least on three sides, heliopause breathable platform placed on it heliopause layer, and the upper, with geometrically similar basis, smaller in size, is made in the form heliopause platform, consisting of two energy-transducing breathable layers, including the top - heliopause and lower heat storage with high heat and vozduhoprovodyaschih and carrying breathable Foundation, and under the lower heliotropiaceae formed an aperture for the passage of heated atmospheric air, for which technological ancillary is docked along the perimeter of the bearing with a breathable base heliopause platform, and the upper aperture of the top - with a supporting sleeve having a cylindrical internal cavity, fixed relative to the housing of the bearing tower, and its top outlet is closed by the rotary flange, kinematically coupled to the housing of the auxiliary sleeve and provided with an injecting air flow nozzle, thus pivoting flange connected to the actuator, through which the control device is electrically connected to the sensor direction of atmospheric wind and synchronized to move with the installed on the upper end of the bearing tower rotary platform mounted on the wind turbine and the generator, thus to the bearing breathable base heliopause platform fixed removable charms placed in them heat generating devices, which through a control device electrically connected with the electrical output of the generator, and docked heat-generating Vodokanal ventilation systems of technological auxiliary spaces, and in the ceiling and heliopause platform Windows that made by controlled actuators technological openings.

2. Genes insulated space, where refrigeration units of vegetable and freezers, heat generating elements are placed in Vodokanal ventilation systems.

 

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FIELD: blowers united with wind turbine, possibly used in different branches of industry and in objects of social and living designation.

SUBSTANCE: blower includes drum impeller with vanes mounted in horizontal shaft. Impeller is arranged in cylindrical casing having air intake opening and diffuser. Novelty is wind turbine built-in to structure of blower system. Wind turbine includes wind wheel with vanes on horizontal shaft. Wind wheel is arranged in cylindrical casing with air intake opening and diffuser. Diffuser of blower is connected with air intake of wind turbine. Carrying structure of blower is joined with carrying structure of wind turbine.

EFFECT: improved design, enhanced efficiency.

3 cl, 6 dwg

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