Method for the production of fermented material for salads

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the technology of canning vegetables. The Jerusalem artichoke and carrot in the process of preparation is subjected to alkaline cleaning from the skin at specified parameters of the process, prepare the apples, chopped listed components are mixed with salt and leaven. Leaven get, cultivating Lactobacillus plantarum broth waste of Jerusalem artichoke. Fermented product at 18-24oC for 5-7 days and Packed in consumer packaging. The invention allows to obtain at high performance new cake mix for salads with specific pleasant organoleptic properties.

The invention relates to the technology of canning vegetables.

A method of producing fermented material for salads, providing training cabbage, apples and carrots, in which the carrot is subjected to mechanical cleaning and advanced cleaning manually, chopping, cooking fermentation by digestion in waste water sprouts at the water ratio (5-10):1, filter the broth, cooling to 30oWith, make 1% of a pure culture of Lactobacillus plantarum and aging for 3 days at a temperature of 25-3 5oWith blending Sakwa lsquo containers (Collection of technological instructions for the production of canned food. So 1 - M: Food industry, 1977, S. 255-285).

The technical result of the invention is the expansion of the assortment of pickled food for salads and obtain a new semi-finished product with the specific pleasant organoleptic properties with increased productivity.

This result is achieved in that in the method of manufacturing resin material for salads, providing training principal vegetable component, apples and carrots, chopping, cooking fermentation by digestion of waste the main vegetable component, filtering water, cooling to 30oWith, make 1% of a pure culture of Lactobacillus plantarum and exposure for 3 days at a temperature of 25-35oWith blending starter, main vegetable component, apples, carrots and salt, fermentation at a temperature of 18-24oWith and bottling, according to the invention as a main vegetable component use the Jerusalem artichoke, which is in the process of preparation is subjected to alkaline cleaning from the skin when the alkali concentration of 3-3 .5% and a temperature of 80-85oC for 4-5 minutes, the carrots in the process of preparation is subjected to alkaline cleaning from the skin at a concentration collected at a water ratio of 4:1, and the fermentation is carried out for 5-7 days in the following ratio of components by weight:

Jerusalem artichoke - 871,41-1075,81

Carrot - 29,05-35

Apples - 79,54-82

Sol - 20-20,2

Leaven - 12,25-14,91

The method is implemented as follows.

The Jerusalem artichoke and carrot prepare by washing to remove dirt, inspection, alkaline cleaning from the skin and repeated washing. Alkaline cleaning from the skin of Jerusalem artichoke is carried out at concentrations of alkali 3-3,5%, carrot when the alkali concentration of 2-2 .5% and a temperature of 80-85oC for 4-5 minutes for Jerusalem artichoke and about 4 minutes for carrots. Modal cleanup options selected on the basis of a series of experiments as optimal from the point of view, the most complete removal of the skin. When this temperature range is typical for the process of alkaline cleaning vegetables, lower limits of the intervals allow you to achieve the best results when cleaning freshly harvested vegetables and upper limits when cleaning the same cultures after seasonal storage. Apples prepared by inspection, cleaning and cutting with the mandatory destruction of stalks and seed chambers. The prepared vegetables and apples chopped straw with geometric parameters, ha is 0 mm Detail sephirot on the screens. The separated fines, damaged tubers collected in the course of inspection and cleaning of Jerusalem artichoke are waste, the course of the process accumulate, and then sent for recycling in the cycle of receipt of the leaven. The collected waste is crushed and poured four-fold amount of water. Then perform the flash of waste is filtered broth is cooled to 30oTo contribute 1% of pure cultures of Lactobacillus plantarum and maintained at a temperature of 25-35oWith 3 days. After that, the starter is ready to use and mix it with chopped fruit and vegetable components and salt in the above proportion. The fermentation is carried out using traditional means: dolnikov or barrels, oppression, film coatings or liners, in the conventional temperature 18-24oC. However, as the nutrient medium composition for the preparation of starter culture and the composition of fermentive raw materials are quite different from those traditionally used, the time of fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke with apples and carrots to achieve optimal organoleptic properties is only 5-7 days. This allows you to double the output unit with the product Packed in consumer packaging and is directed to implementation. The modes and terms of storage of the target product does not differ from the closest analogue.

According to the tasting evaluation obtained by the proposed method, the target product is the best organoleptic properties when the ratio laying on fermentation components corresponding to the lower limit specified intervals. Their upper limits calculated by the known method of determining the consumption norms of raw materials. The target product is a uniformly shredded strips of vegetables and apples with a small amount of liquid phase, which have a color close to the natural color of fresh-cut materials. Consistency elastic crispy when crushing, the taste is sour-salty without bitterness with specific pleasant tones of Jerusalem artichoke. Aroma is typical for the pickled vegetables with a pronounced Apple flavor.

Thus, the proposed method allows to obtain increased performance new product with specific pleasant organoleptic properties.

Method for the production of fermented material for salads, providing training principal vegetable component, apples and carrots, chopping, cooking sequencename 1% of pure cultures of Lactobacillus plantarum and aging for 3 days at a temperature of 25-35oWith blending starter, main vegetable component, apples, carrots and salt, fermentation at a temperature of 18-24oWith and bottling, characterized in that as the main vegetable component use the Jerusalem artichoke, which is in the process of preparation is subjected to alkaline cleaning from the skin when the alkali concentration of 3-3 .5% and a temperature of 80-85oC for 4-5 min, carrots in preparation subjected to alkaline cleaning from the skin when the alkali concentration of 2-2 .5% and a temperature of 80-85oC for about 4 min, digestion waste of Jerusalem artichoke in water is carried out at a water ratio of 4:1, and the fermentation is carried out for 5-7 days at the following ratio of components by weight:

Jerusalem artichoke - 871,41-1075,81

Carrot - 29,05-35

Apples - 79,54-82

Sol - 20-20,2

Leaven - 12,25-b 14,91

 

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