Method of automatic leveling bearing platform with drilling unit and device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a drilling technique, in particular to a method and device for automatic leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit, and is used on self-propelled drilling units. The technical result is the provision of modern equipment required accuracy and speed leveling bearing platform with the drilling Assembly and installation of the drilling rig in the most stable position after leveling. This self-propelled drilling rig with a load-carrying platform and placed on it by the drilling unit in the transport position, the display on the previously marked site on the ground and begin preparing for implementation of the basic technological operations, which determine the position of the drilling unit relative to the working platform for installing it in its working position, nominate at least three hydraulic Jack until it touches the ground, the carrier platform with on her drilling unit is installed in a horizontal position in two dimensions along the axes X and Y, and/or have make a preliminary nomination of all hydraulic jacks before contact with the ground. Exercise pressure on all hydraulic jacks, equal or close to the weight of the drilling rig, consistently include hydraulic jacks and implement short-term extension of hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks, form a team for the automatic leveling of the drilling rig, first along the X-axis and then the y-axis. Analyze the position of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit along the axes X and Y, and the rst analyze the position on the X-axis and then Y-axis, using the results of the analysis, adjust the position of the drilling rig during the installation process it in a horizontal position along the axes X and Y by automatic control of the extension of hydraulic jacks, form a team at the end of the level, if in the process of correction achieved at the same time leveling in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling rig, and if correction is not achieved the level in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling unit, then form a team to repeat the cycle of leveling, since the beginning of the analysis of the position of the carrier platform with drilling of agreenlent, including a switch block that contains at least three switch for switching on and off of hydraulic jacks, containing three control unit hydraulic jacks, connected in series respectively with three hydraulic jacks. Moreover, the control units hydraulic jacks and hydraulic jacks located on the lower part of the carrier platform and rigidly fixed. The device also includes a pressure sensor, the imaging unit time interval, two level sensors, one of which analyzes the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis in the process of leveling, the other position carrying platform with a drilling unit of the Y-axis in the process of leveling and block management level. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to a drilling technique, in particular to a method and device for automatic leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit and is used on self-propelled drilling units.

Develop strong ore is associated with high costs of labor, time and money on blasthole drilling and bore-holes. Both domestic and foreign practice of svedeniya workings of small sections, especially in the mines of non-ferrous metallurgy.

Characterization, classification and application of various methods and structures of modern drilling equipment, self-propelled drilling units of domestic and foreign production are described in [1] - drilling method for the development of mineral deposits. - 3rd ed., revised and enlarged extra - M.: Nedra, 1987.

In a time when self-propelled drilling machine with load-carrying platform (frame) with on her drilling unit is withdrawn by the operator on the previously marked (or selected by the operator) position on the ground and starts to prepare for implementation of the basic technological operations, such as drilling, pile driving, lifting and so on, it is necessary to steadily fix the carrier platform parallel to the plane of the horizon and/or to position the main technological device (drilling equipment), mounted on the carrier platform, vertically or at an angle to the vertical axis.

The exhibition of the drilling Assembly from the transport position into the working position is called leveling. Using hydraulic drilling device is performed in horizontina in the transport regulations [2] - The machines rock drilling. Y. A. Nanjing, P. M. Pipko, L. I. Jesters. M.: Nedra, 1970, S. 103.

One of the main requirements for such devices is ensuring the required accuracy and speed leveling bearing platform with on her drilling unit.

However, all of the devices described in [1] and [2], cannot provide the required accuracy, because the leveling of the carrier platform with a drilling unit is carried out by manually iterating through the inclusion of hydraulic jacks mounted on the lower part of the carrier platform, with a focus on spirit level or plumb, mounted in the cab self-propelled drilling rig.

For example, the well-known diagram of the hydraulic system control knobs and jacks drilling [1] - drilling method for the development of mineral deposits. - 3rd ed., revised and enlarged extra - M. : Nedra, 1987, S. 88-89, Fig.3.12. This system contains a valve control jacks which expose the drilling Assembly during drilling. Two jacks are connected in parallel and fed from one section of the valve, and two Jack have a separate control that allows th sotirova bearing platform with on her drilling unit in the described technical solution is carried out by manually iterating through the inclusion of jacks with a focus on plumb, which does not allow for the required accuracy of the exhibition bearing platform with on her drilling unit.

Know another technical solution [3] - Technology and equipment for piling and drilling operations: proceedings of all-Union scientific research Institute of dredging San.-technical and special construction works. Edited by candidate of technical Sciences centuries Versova. - L., 1988, S. 16, Fig.2. Basic installation on this technical solution is self-propelled svidaniya machine, which includes: excavator EO-6122, welded frame, left and right hinged outriggers, hydraulic cylinders rotate outriggers, prigozy, bracket support, bearing swivel, clamp mechanism and pushing piles mast with movable carriage, the support rod is installed on the sensor device "Vertical-20B".

On the device "Vertical-20B" driver-operator determines the tilt angle of the mast in two directions - "back and forth" and "right-left". The device serves for orientation at a desired angular position of the rotatable support mast and a clamping mechanism piles.

Does this device as follows. Lower the mast in a horizontal position, is carried piles in the carriage and clamping mechanism, rotate the mast in a vertical position, install the mast at a desired angular position on the device "Vertical-20B" by extension (lowering) of the hydraulic Jack outriggers, submerged piles into the ground, carry out self-propelled moving the installation to a new point pile.

This technical device, unlike the previous one, use the device - sensor Vertical-20B", but the leveling is carried out manually.

A device for moving and aligning the cable block of the drilling rig [4] - Russia's bid 95109138/03 from 06.06.1995, published 27.05.1997,, MPK6E 21 IN 15/00. This invention relates to the grounds, with the ability to move assembled to host equipment, such as cable unit, when moving from hole to hole in drilling rigs for pad drilling. The device is equipped with two shoulders levers, each of which is smaller shoulder pivotally connected with the carrier platform (frame), and a large shoulder on the lower part of the Jack, in the middle part of each lever mounted wheel, the axis of which is the fulcrum. The upper part of the Jack is connected to the base. Wheel interacts with the rails, the mouth is arnom position of the block. Under the force of the retractable rods of the jacks is the rotation of the levers with respect to the axes of the wheels: the higher the leverage of the levers will move down, and lower - up together with the carrier platform cable block, while the rods of the jacks affect the carrier platform force upward. Is the rise of the carrier platform relative to the guide beams on which it is installed rails, interacting with wheels.

The disadvantage of this technical solution, like the previous one, is that the leveling of the carrier platform manually.

A device - crane-boring machine [5] - the patent of Russia 2019664, IPC5E 21 IN 7/02. This invention relates to a mobile crane-boring machines with moving platforms and is intended in particular for drilling in rough terrain. Crane-boring machine includes a boom with the drilling and hoisting equipment, a vehicle with a base frame, a rotary platform, intermediate base element connected to the moving platform and arrow swivel, tilt cylinder boom, a rotary platform mounted on an additional p the edstam additional driving cylinder.

The disadvantage of this technical solution is that the leveling of the platform and drilling rig manually.

The closest technical solution to the proposed device is a machine [6] - rig TRD-MY-32 091-00.00.0000, designed SKB self-propelled mining equipment Mintime. Design and operation of machines of the above type is described in detail on the example of machine SBS-200 [2] - roller Machines drilling. Y. A. Nanjing, P. M. Pipko, L. I. Jesters. M.: Nedra, 1970, S. 103.

The device prototype contains the progress of the crawler, the engine room, the drilling rig (mast), the water tank and cabin. The carrier platform (frame) drilling machine (machine tool) in drilling hang on three jacks.

Does this unit is as follows.

For example, when moving the drilling rig was in the transport position, the operator by turning the cross switch on the machine rig TRD-MY-32 control cylinders of the jacks sets of the drilling Assembly in the operating position. Assistant engineer secures it to the base by means of the clamping bolts.

Driver enable external control switches the hydraulic cylinder Jack is at raise on the back of the Jack, and then horizontial two front. Jacks include in any order.

The leveling of the drilling unit carried out by turning on the switches with a plate Jack I, Jack plate II and plate Jack III, which allow you to perform the following operations: the rise of the drilling rig and lowering it.

To manage these operations need each of the switches to turn the situation:

"lift", it activates the magnetic actuators and including motors and solenoids valves;

"to omit", with included magnetic actuators including motors and solenoids valves.

The assistant engineer should ensure that the support plate jacks adjoined to the ground its entire surface. If necessary, the area of the seal must be planned.

Control over the horizontal position of the drilling rig during leveling and while drilling is carried out by means of a plumb installed in the cabin.

After leveling the weight of the drilling rig must be perceived by the jacks, the lower track rollers track Telese the th to modern technology required accuracy and speed leveling bearing platform with on her drilling unit, because the leveling is carried out by manual search enable jacks oriented plumb mounted in the vehicle cab.

Precision leveling depends on the error introduced by the action of the operator (driver) of the unit.

Agility leveling depends on the speed of decision making by the operator of the unit and the selected sequence extension jacks.

The location of the drilling rig after performing leveling in the most stable position should be the maximum elevation of the drilling rig above the soil surface in the process of leveling.

The leveling by manually iterating through the inclusion of jacks with a focus on plumb is carried out by successive approximation of the position of the drilling Assembly to the target position, which implies the extension of hydraulic jacks several times.

Manual leveling mode (when sequential approximation of the drilling Assembly to the target position), the rise of the unit above the ground surface above the lowest possible height is almost inevitable, it is, of course, reduces technical the of which are aimed by the invention, - this software for modern technology required accuracy and speed leveling bearing platform with the drilling Assembly and installation of the drilling rig in the most stable position after leveling. In the invention this object is achieved by automatic control of the level of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit.

The problem is solved as follows.

In the method of automatic leveling bearing platform with a drilling unit, in which a self-propelled drilling rig with a load-carrying platform and placed on it by the drilling unit in the transport position, displayed on the previously marked site on the ground and starts to prepare for implementation of the basic technological operations,

namely, that

determine the position of the drilling unit relative to the working platform for installing it in its working position,

nominate at least three hydraulic Jack until it touches the ground,

the carrier platform with on her drilling unit is installed in a horizontal position in two pockethole invention additionally introduce the following sequence of operations:

include hydraulic jacks and carry out the preliminary nomination of all hydraulic jacks before contact with the ground,

exercise pressure on all hydraulic jacks, equal or close to the weight of the drilling rig,

consistently include hydraulic jacks and implement short-term extension of hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks,

form the command for automatic leveling of the drilling rig, first along the X-axis and then Y-axis,

analyze the position of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit along the axes X and Y, and the rst analyze the position on the X-axis and then Y-axis,

using the results of the analysis, correct the position of the drilling rig during the installation process it in a horizontal position along the axes X and Y by automatic control of the nominating hydraulic jacks

form a team at the end of the level, if in the process of correction achieved at the same time leveling in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling unit

if correction is not achieved horizontina the Finance, since the beginning of the analysis of the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the x-axis.

Correction leveling of the drilling unit carried out in such a way that first it analyzes the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, using the initial results of the analysis of the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis, at the same time,

if the rear part of the drilling rig is omitted, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling rig in accordance with the results of the analysis on the Y-axis, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis on the X-axis;

if the rear part of the drilling rig is up, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, including hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis below, if the Y-axis drilling rig is straight, the leveling is carried out, including the default hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis on the x-axis.

In the automatic Sarafovo, having in the operator's cab remote control including a switch block that contains at least three switch for switching on and off of hydraulic jacks, containing connected in series, the first control unit of the hydraulic Jack and the first hydraulic Jack connected in series, the second control unit is a hydraulic Jack and a second hydraulic Jack connected in series, the third control unit, a hydraulic Jack and a third hydraulic Jack, and the control units hydraulic jacks and hydraulic jacks located on the lower part of the carrier platform and rigidly fixed, the first input of the switch block, which forms the input of the start leveling bearing platform with a drilling unit, the first input device, first, second and third outputs of the block of switches respectively connected with the first inputs of the first, second and third control units hydraulic jacks,

according to the invention is introduced:

the pressure sensor, analyzing the pressure on hydraulic jacks,

the shaper is a time interval that defines the term vyom on the X-axis in the process of leveling,

a second level sensor, analyzing the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the Y-axis in the process of leveling,

the control unit leveling,

the input of the pressure sensor is a second input device, the output of pressure sensor connected to the first input of the control unit leveling,

the input of the shaper interval is a third input device, the output of the shaper interval connected with the second input of the control unit leveling,

the first input of the first level sensor is the fourth input device, the output of the first level sensor is connected to the third input of the control unit level, the first output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the first level sensor,

the first input of the second level sensor is the fifth input device, the output of the second level sensor is connected to the fourth input of the control unit level, the second output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the second level sensor,

the third output control unit leveling is connected to a second input of the first control unit, a hydraulic Jack,

chetvertyy Jack,

the fifth output control unit leveling is connected to a second input of the third control unit, a hydraulic Jack,

the sixth output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the switch block,

the fifth input of the control unit leveling is connected to the fourth output switch block, the fifth output which is the output device.

Comparative analysis of the proposed method of automatic leveling bearing platform with drilling unit shows that the inventive method is significantly different from the prototype [5]. The differences are that in the present method include all hydraulic jacks and carry out a preliminary extension of hydraulic jacks before contact with the ground, simultaneously making pressure on all hydraulic jacks, equal or close to the weight of the drilling rig, consistently include hydraulic jacks and implement short-term extension of hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks, form a team for the automatic leveling of the drilling unit, first along the X-axis, and C is the rich first analyze the position on the X-axis, and then on the Y axis, using the results of the analysis, correct the position of the drilling rig during the installation process it in a horizontal position along the axes X and Y by automatic control of the extension of hydraulic jacks, form a team at the end of the level, if in the process of correction achieved at the same time leveling in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling rig.

Thus, the inventive method allows you to automatically control the leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit, providing the desired (higher) accuracy and efficiency leveling compared to the prototype, where the leveling is carried out by manually iterating through the inclusion of hydraulic jacks with a focus on plumb installed in the cab self-propelled drilling rig. Therefore, the claimed method meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty."

Comparison of proposed method with other technical solutions in this field of technology[1], [2], [3] [4] [5] did not allow to identify the characteristics stated in the characterizing part of the claims. Unfortunately, for self-propelled drilling rigs task autometasomatic leveling bearing platform with on her drilling unit shows that the proposed device is substantially different from the prototype [6]. The differences are that the inventive device comprises: a pressure sensor that analyzes the pressure on the hydraulic jacks, the shaper of the time interval that defines the term include hydraulic jacks, the first level sensor, analyzing the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis in the process of leveling, the second level sensor, analyzing the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the Y-axis in the process of leveling, the control unit leveling of performing automatic control of the process of leveling. The inventive device is fully implements the features of the proposed method and allows you to automatically control the leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit, providing higher accuracy and efficiency leveling compared to the prototype. Therefore, the proposed device meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty."

A comparison of the proposed device with other technical solutions in this field of technology[1], [2], [3] [4] [5] did not allow to identify the characteristics stated in hotlatina inventive concept, meet the criteria for an invention of "significant differences", "non-obviousness" and meet the inventive step.

Description of the invention is illustrated graphics.

In Fig.1 shows a self-propelled drilling device (for example, type rig TRD-250 MNA-32), Fig.1 illustrates a General view of a drilling device, where

1 - run crawler,

2 - the engine room,

3 - carrier platform

4 - drilling rig (mast),

5 - cab operator,

6 - remote control located in the operator's cab.

In Fig. 2 shows a block diagram of the inventive device for automatic leveling of the carrier platform with a drilling unit.

In Fig.3 shows a control block leveling given as an example run.

The inventive device for automatic leveling of the carrier platform with drilling unit (Fig.2) contains a switch block 7, connected in series, the first control unit of the hydraulic Jack 8 and the first hydraulic Jack 9, connected in series, the second control unit of the hydraulic Jack 10 and the second hydraulic Jack 11, connected in series, the third control unit hereinare start leveling bearing platform with a drilling unit, is the first input of the first, second and third outputs of the switch block 7 respectively connected with the first inputs of the first 8, second 10 and third 12 control units hydraulic jacks; in addition, according to the invention, the device further comprises a pressure sensor 14, the shaper interval 15, the first level sensor 17, the second level sensor 18, the control unit level 16, with the input of the pressure sensor 14 is a second input device, the output of the pressure sensor 14 is connected to the first input of the control unit level 16, the input of the shaper interval 15 is a third input device, the output of the shaper interval 15 is connected with the second input of the control unit level 16, the first input of the first level sensor 17 is the fourth input device, the output of the first level sensor 17 is connected to the third input of the control unit level 16, the first output control unit level 16 is connected with the second input of the first level sensor 17, the first input of the second level sensor 18 is a fifth input device, the output of the second level sensor 18 is connected to the fourth input of the control unit Hori is level 18, the third output control unit level 16 is connected to a second input of the first control unit, a hydraulic Jack 8, the fourth output control unit level 16 is connected with the second input of the second control unit of the hydraulic Jack 10, the fifth output control unit level 16 is connected to a second input of the third control unit of the hydraulic Jack 12, the sixth output control unit level 16 is connected with the second input of the switch block 7, the fifth input of the control unit leveling 16 is connected to the fourth output switch block 7, the fifth output which is the output device.

The power control level 16 (Fig.3) contains the signal analyzer sensors 19 and node decision 20, the first and second inputs of the signal analyzer sensors 19 form respectively the third and fourth inputs of the control unit leveling of 16, first and second outputs of the signal analyzer sensors 19 are respectively connected to first and second inputs of the node decision 20, the third input node of the decision 20 forms a first input of the control unit level 16, the fourth input node of the decision 20 obrazu the eye control level 16, the first output node of the decision 20 forms a first output control unit level 16, a second output, the second output control unit level, the third output node of the decision 20 forms a third output control unit level 16, the fourth output node of the decision 20 - the fourth output control unit leveling, and the fifth output node of the decision 20 - fifth output control unit leveling, the sixth output node of the decision of 20 sixth output control unit leveling of 16.

The inventive method and device is created in a single inventive concept, designed for leveling bearing platform with on her drilling unit at the time when the self-propelled drilling rig with a load-carrying platform and placed on it by the drilling unit in the transport position, displayed on the previously marked site on the ground and starts to prepare for implementation of the basic technological operations (drilling, pile driving, lifting, etc). This requires from the transport position of the supporting platform with a drilling unit be installed in the operating position, for which X and Y) and/or position of the drilling unit, mounted on the platform vertically or at an angle to the vertical axis (Y-axis).

Implement the inventive method, using the following sequence of operations.

Determine the position of the drilling unit relative to the working platform for installing it into position. Include all hydraulic jacks and carry out a preliminary extension of hydraulic jacks before contact with the ground. At the same time carry out the pressure on all hydraulic jacks, equal or close to the weight of the drilling rig. Consistently briefly include first, second and third hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks. The switching time is determined by the shaper interval 15. Form the command for automatic leveling of the drilling unit, first along the X-axis and then the y-axis.

Analyze the position of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit along the axes X and Y, using the readings of the first 17 and second 18 level sensors, and the rst analyze the position on the X-axis, using the readings of the first level sensor 17, and then on the Y axis, using parasight in the process of installing it in a horizontal position along the axes X and Y by automatic control of the extension of hydraulic jacks 9, 11 and 13. Correction leveling of the drilling unit carried out in such a way that first it analyzes the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, using the readings from the first sensor 17 provided in the rear part of the drilling rig is omitted, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling rig in accordance with the results of the analysis on the Y-axis, using the readings of the second sensor 18, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack through the corresponding control unit hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis from the first sensor 17; if the rear part of the drilling rig is raised, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, including hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis below; if the Y-axis drilling rig is straight, the leveling is carried out, including the default hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack through the corresponding control unit hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis from the first sensor 17.

The inventive method is implemented, using the automatic leveling of the carrier platform with a drilling unit, the block diagram of which is shown in Fig.2.

The operator sets the time short-term switching of hydraulic jacks that are required in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks.

The leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit is performed by the operator pressing the button "Auto leveling", which is located on the control panel in the operator's cab self-propelled drilling rig.

The signal "getting started" to the input of the switch block 7. From the fourth output switch block 7 enable signal is supplied to the fifth input of the unit management level 16. The signal "getting started" unit 7, containing at least three switches, relays signals enable (respectively the Tami. After reaching the pressure on all hydraulic jacks, equal or close to the weight of the drilling unit, the signal from the pressure sensor 14 is supplied to the third input of the control unit level 16. On this signal the control unit leveling 16 sequentially latch includes first 9, the second 11 and third 13 hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks and then forms including commands on the second inputs of the level sensors 17 and 18.

The first level sensor 17 analyzes the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis at the process level and transmits the signal analysis unit 16.

The second level sensor 18 analyzes the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit Y-axis in the process of leveling and transmits the signal analysis unit 16.

The power control level 16 analyzes the signals received from the first 17 and second 18 level sensors (signal analyzer sensors 19, Fig. 3), and the results of the analysis makes a decision node (decision 20, Fig. 3). Unit 16 generates the appropriate control signals to the control units hydraulic jacks 8, 10 and 12, with the effect a leveling of 16 the principle, that any of the three hydraulic jacks in the process of leveling should only be raised, otherwise you can put the drill unit on the ground, which is prohibited by the conditions of operation of drilling units.

Correction leveling of the drilling rig, for example, as follows.

In block 16 first analyze the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, using the readings from the first sensor 17, with two variants leveling.

The first option. If the rear part of the drilling rig is omitted, you must first perform the correction level on the sides (Y-axis) of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks in accordance with the signal of the second level sensor 18, and then at the rate (X-axis) hydraulic Jack in accordance with the signal of the first level sensor 17.

The second option. If the rear part of the drill unit is raised, it first executes the correction of the leveling course (X-axis) drilling unit including one hydraulic Jack Board, and include a hydraulic Jack that side, which is located below.

If the Y-axis of the drill Assembly is straight, then include hydraulic donkr is VNA 17.

After leveling the X-axis is the level on the Y-axis of the drill Assembly hydraulic jacks boards on signals of the second level sensor 18, and then the level on the X-axis Jack of course signals of the first level sensor 17.

In block 16 to form a team at the end of the level, if in the process of correction achieved at the same time leveling in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling rig. The output signal (the sixth unit output) is supplied to the second input of the switch block 7. Automatic leveling is completed, the device stops working, disabled.

If correction is not achieved the level in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling unit, the unit 16 generates a command to repeat the cycle of leveling, since analysis of the testimony of the first level sensor 17.

The inventive device for automatic leveling of the carrier platform with a drilling unit is implemented in the production of the means available and does not require significant additional costs.

The remote control is located in the operator's cab self-propelled drilling rigs and represents the management, including control button "Auto leveling". Inside the control panel are the shaper interval 15, the switch block 7 and block control level 16. The first 17 and second 18 level sensors can be located in remote or located on the course (X-axis) and Board (Y-axis) of the supporting platform or drilling rig, and can be located either in a different location depending on the specific situation. The pressure sensor 14 may be located in any location of the drilling unit, depending on the specific situation.

When implementing the inventive devices are known in the industry control units hydraulic jacks and hydraulic jacks, such as described in [2] - roller Machines drilling. Y. A. Nanjing, P. M. Pipko, L. I. Jesters. M.: Nedra, 1970, S. 129. The first and second hydraulic jacks are located at the front of the platform from the working body, and the third - rear axis of the platform. At the end of the leveling position of the hydraulic jacks is fixed hydraulic locks. The support plate jacks are connected to hydraulic cylinders hinged. When moving the drilling rig supporting the manual and the device is simple in implementation and compared with the known technical solutions in this field of technology have clear advantages, because they provide automatic leveling of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit, which significantly improves the accuracy and efficiency of the exhibition and facilitates the process of leveling for operator self-propelled drilling rig.

1. Method of automatic leveling bearing platform with a drilling unit, in which a self-propelled drilling rig with a load-carrying platform and placed on it by the drilling unit in the transport position, the display on the previously marked site on the ground and begin preparing for implementation of the basic technological operations, which determine the position of the drilling unit relative to the working platform for installing it in its working position, nominate at least three hydraulic Jack until it touches the ground, the carrier platform with on her drilling unit is installed in a horizontal position in two dimensions along the axes X and Y, and/or have a drilling unit, vertically or at an angle to the Y-axis, characterized in that include hydraulic jacks and carry out the preliminary nomination all hydrauli or close to the weight of the drilling rig, consistently include hydraulic jacks and implement short-term extension of hydraulic jacks in order to secure the hanging of the drilling rig hydraulic jacks, form a team for the automatic leveling of the drilling rig, first along the X-axis and then Y-axis, analyze the position of the carrier platform with on her drilling unit along the axes X and Y, and the rst analyze the position on the X-axis and then Y-axis, using the results of the analysis, correct the position of the drilling rig during the installation process it in a horizontal position along the axes X and Y by automatic control of the extension of hydraulic jacks, form a team at the end of the level, if in the process of correction achieved at the same time leveling in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling rig, and if correction is not achieved the level in the X-and Y-bearing platform and the drilling unit, then form a team to repeat the cycle of leveling, since the beginning of the analysis of the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the x-axis.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the correction level of Borovo the I initial results of the analysis of the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis, if the rear part of the drilling rig is omitted, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling rig in accordance with the results of the analysis on the Y-axis, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis on the X-axis; if the rear part of the drilling rig is up, then carry out the correction of the position of the drilling unit on the X-axis, including hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis below, if the Y-axis drilling rig is straight, the leveling is carried out, including the default hydraulic Jack, which is located on the Y-axis, then form the control signal, which performs the correction of the hydraulic Jack, using the results of the analysis on the x-axis.

3. The automatic leveling of the carrier platform with a drilling unit that is located on a self-propelled drill installation with in-cab operator control unit including a switch block that contains at least three switch for switching on and off of hydraulic jacks, containing serially connected first bioblock control a hydraulic Jack and a second hydraulic Jack, connected in series, the third control unit, a hydraulic Jack and a third hydraulic Jack, and the control units hydraulic jacks and hydraulic jacks located on the lower part of the carrier platform and rigidly fixed, the first input of the switch block, which forms the input of the start leveling bearing platform with a drilling unit, the first input of the first, second and third outputs of the block of switches respectively connected with the first inputs of the first, second and third control units hydraulic jacks, characterized in that the pressure sensor, analyzing the pressure on all hydraulic jacks, shaper of the time interval that defines the time of a short extension jacks, the first level sensor, analyzing the position of the carrier platform with drilling unit on the X-axis in the process of leveling, the second level sensor, analyzing the position of the carrier platform with a drilling unit of the Y-axis in the leveling process, the management unit level, with the input of the pressure sensor is a second input device, the output of pressure sensor connected to the first input of the control unit is formirovala time frame connected with the second input of the control unit leveling, the first input of the first level sensor is the fourth input device, the output of the first level sensor is connected to the third input of the control unit level, the first output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the first level sensor, the first input of the second level sensor is the fifth input device, the output of the second level sensor is connected to the fourth input of the control unit level, the second output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the second level sensor, the third output control unit leveling is connected to a second input of the first control unit, a hydraulic Jack, the fourth output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the second control unit is a hydraulic Jack, the fifth output control unit leveling is connected to a second input of the third control unit, a hydraulic Jack, the sixth output control unit leveling is connected with the second input of the switch block, the fifth input of the control unit leveling is connected to the fourth output switch block, the fifth output which is the output device.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to a road construction technique and can be used for the construction of underground structures - foundations in civil, industrial and transport construction

Mobile drilling rig // 2190076
The invention relates to the drilling technique, namely, mobile drilling rigs with high cross, intended for deep drilling, maintenance and repair of wells

Drilling rig // 2188295
The invention relates to the mining industry, namely, drilling machines

Drilling rig // 2188294
The invention relates to the mining industry, namely, drilling machines

The invention relates to the field of drilling rigs and can be used for transportation of goods, pipe laying and road construction on wetlands

The invention relates to mining, in particular to installations for drilling in hard rocks, which contain a shaft pivotally connected to the frame and rotatable about the first axis, the lifting cylinder between the boom and the frame mounted on the other end of the boom pivotally connected to it the input beam, pivoting on a second axis parallel to the first axis, and the rotary cylinder between the feed beam and boom

The invention relates to the field of mining industry, in particular for constructive drill carriages, and is a device for guiding a flexible elements, such as hoses, around the drum for hose along the feed beam for moving the drill hammer

The invention relates to deep drilling, in particular, is a mobile repair the drilling rig, which can be used when servicing oil and gas wells

The invention relates to mining, in particular to the manipulators of drilling rigs engaged in drilling hard rocks when conducting mining

The invention relates to the field of water supply and drainage and can be used in drilling wells for various purposes (bored piles, ventilation, lesovoznye mine shafts, exploration, hydrogeological, etc.,) to a depth of up to 100 m

The invention relates to the field of drilling and can be used to determine the rock cutting tool

The invention relates to the field of control parameters of drilling and can be used for diagnostics of the rock cutting tool

The invention relates to the control and measurement of parameters in the drilling process and can be used when diagnosing the health of a rock cutting tool with a view to its effective testing, as well as in the development of automated control systems of drilling process

The invention relates to the field of control parameters of drilling and can be used for diagnostics of the rock cutting tool

Drilling machine // 2181827
The invention relates to the field of mining and construction, can be used in drilling machines

The invention relates to drilling, and in particular to methods of monitoring wells

The invention relates to drilling wells and can be used for the regulation of drilling conditions

The invention relates to the field of drilling oil and gas wells and allows monitoring of the drilling process using performance analysis borax specified size and design

The invention relates to a feed control machine for drilling rocks

The invention relates to a feed control machine for drilling rocks

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: system includes mathematical model of drilling process in form of combined influence of conditions at pit-face and of drilling column operation. Model of drilling process is constantly renewed by results of well measurements performed during drilling operation. On basis of renewed drilling process model a set of optimal drilling parameters is determined and sent to system for controlling surface equipment. Also, system allows surface equipment control system to automatically adjust current control sets for surface equipment on basis of renewed optimal drilling parameters. Different control scenarios are generated and executed for transferring data to surface equipment control system on basis of current drilling mode.

EFFECT: optimized operation.

2 cl, 7 dwg

Up!