The greenhouse team

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, and is intended for cultivation of agricultural crops in greenhouses. The greenhouse frame is made of links of equal length at the ends of the two mounting holes of the special shaped sheet of cold rolled steel profile. Each node of the elements of mutual contact is connected by two screws. In the slots of the links with their outer sides of the stacked strips of elastic material in contact directly with a film cover. On the sides of the greenhouse adjacent edges of the right and left parts of the film coated strips of elastic material, which are connected by staples, in contact with each other overlap with no gaps and open to the sides. This improves performance of the greenhouse. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 11 ill.

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, and is intended for growing crops indoors.

From the available information sources known film greenhouse copyright testimony 1344282 (M CL. A. 01 G 9/14), containing frame, made of sections formed by two arches of the Tr is topause above the ground rods. Arch installed so that the arch of one section overlaps the adjacent arch of another partition. The distance between the axes of the rods is equal to two external diameters of the pipes. The face cover is made similarly. To create an air layer between layers of films stacked cords. The main disadvantage of this greenhouse is the complexity of its operation.

Also known greenhouse team with a film coating on the drawings 981.106.000 (a developer and manufacturer of the plant Bummash", ,Izhevsk), containing frame formed arches interconnected longitudinal parts, made of aluminum pipes QG1, h,5 GOST 23697-79, rack end arches in the lower part are connected by tie-rods from aluminum tubes, end of the arch wire reinforced stretch marks, film coating, mounted on the frame of the greenhouse clips on the sides of the greenhouse, separated along the vertical axis into two parts - left and right and their adjacent edges secured to the hinged racks of aluminum pipes, clamps, between the posts has a vertical clearance throughout their height. Connection of all elements of the construction of the greenhouse frame is made miscellaneous items - steel elbows and aluminum corners by bolts and screws. is shortcomings, which consist in the following:

1. The complexity of the design, which entails an increase in cost of production.

2. Greater complexity of Assembly of the frame of the greenhouse, which impairs its functional and operational characteristics.

3. Large overall dimensions of the structural elements of the frame of the greenhouse, which complicates their packaging and transport.

4. Elements of the construction of the greenhouse is made of non-ferrous metal - aluminum, which also increases the cost of its production and is a temptation for thieves nonferrous metal.

5. Film coating is in contact directly with the metal surfaces of the structural elements of the frame of the greenhouse, which reduces the lifetime film coating, it does not withstand even one season.

6. Folding rack coated on the sides of the greenhouse do not provide a reliable sealing of the greenhouse, and in the time of frost plants, planted in a greenhouse, can be killed.

All of these deficiencies impair one of the main indicators of competitiveness.

The present invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages.

The arch is made of a Central and two lateral arcs with extended ends, and two pillars, with the extended ends of the side arcs are inserted the ends of the Central arc and stands, and mounting holes are combined with each other. To the ends of the longitudinal links attached narashima, such as contact welding, plate "T"-shape with the mounting holes located on the axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the links and symmetrically her. Each node elements in mutual contact links and longitudinal arches of the links connected simultaneously by means of two screws with nuts. Longitudinal links may have different performance, while their ends are expanded in a plane and directly made the mounting holes, the width of the expanded portion of the longitudinal ends of links equal to the width of the shaped profile. At the ends of t is a, tape each piece connected with U-clips (staples) and in contact with each other overlap without gaps, while the upper ends of the tapes are fastened with screws in the upper part of the face of the arch, and the lower ends worn through the groove on the sleeve with the annular grooves and fixed by clip (clamp), a sleeve fixed to the screed end arches.

The image is illustrated in the drawings.

In Fig.1 shows the greenhouse, the view from the ends;

in Fig.2 depicts a greenhouse, a view from the side;

in Fig.3 shows a section a-a (Fig.1);

in Fig.4 shows a section b-B and b-B (Fig.1);

in Fig.5 depicts a cross-section G-G (Fig.2);

in Fig.6 shows a view of D (Fig.5);

in Fig.7 depicts a cross-section e-E (Fig.1);

in Fig.8 shows a view of W (Fig.7);

in Fig.9 shows a cross section C-C (Fig.7);

in Fig.10 shows a longitudinal welded link option;

in Fig.11 depicts a longitudinal link, the version without welding.

The greenhouse team with a film coating contains the skeleton of Fig.1 and 2, all parts of which are made of the same length at the ends of the two mounting holes with a pitch "t" of the special shaped sheet of cold rolled steel profile formed arches 1 (Fig.2), consisting the om in the extended ends of the 4 lateral arcs 3 inserted ends of the Central arc 2 and 5 hours, and the mounting hole 6 (Fig. 2, 10 and 11) combined between a coaxially. Arch 1, the links 2, 3 and 5, are connected simultaneously with the longitudinal link 7 or 8 (Fig.2, 3, 4, 5, 10 and 11), which are structurally different from each other so that the ends of the longitudinal link 7 (Fig. 10) attached narashima, such as contact welding, plate 9 with the mounting holes 6 located on the axis 10 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 11 of the link 7 and symmetrically her, and in the longitudinal links 8 (Fig.11) the end of 12 deployed in the plane and directly made the mounting holes 6. Thus each node of the elements of mutual contact of parts of the frame 2, 3, 5 and 7 (Fig.3, 4 and 5) connected together simultaneously by means of two screws 13 and nuts 14. Hours (Fig. 1 and 3) mechanical arches 1 are connected by links 15. The ends 16 (Fig. 3) links 15 are interconnected and simultaneously with optional stand (Fig. 3 and 7) with two screws (13) and the sleeves 18 with annular grooves 19, the annular groove is inserted a clip 20 (Fig.7 and 8). At the end arches to stiffen the frame of the greenhouse is installed wire stretch marks 21 and 22 (Fig.1). All parts of the frame of Fig.3, 4, 5 and 6 set the two grooves (grooves) 23 outward, which laid the strip is dcoi and exclude the possibility of contact film coating with the metal surfaces of the casing construction. In the lower ends of the uprights 5 and 17 (Fig. 1 and 7) have embedded elements (rods) 25. Film coating 26 (Fig.2 and 8) is fixed by the clamps with elastic lining (not shown). On the sides of the greenhouse film coating separated vertically on its axis into two parts - right 27 and 28 left (Fig. 7 and 8). The edges of each side of the film coated tapes 29 of elastic material, such as linoleum, and connected clips (staples) 30 (Fig.8 and 9). The upper ends of the strips 29 (Fig.7 and 8) is fixed by screws 31 and nuts 14 of the upper part of the face of the arches, and the lower ends of the strips 29, which is executed through the slots (holes) 32 (Fig.7) mounted on the sleeve 18 and fixed by clip (clamp) 20. The length of the greenhouse can be anything, but a multiple of the length of the longitudinal link 7 or 8 (Fig.10 and 11) plus its width, i.e. the width of the arch 1 (Fig.2).

The frame of the greenhouse is assembled as follows.

First collected arch 1 (Fig.2) from parts 2, 3 and 5 (Fig.1) and installed in a pre-prepared layout of the wells, and then arches previously are connected to each other by longitudinal links 7 and 15 (Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) by means of bolts 13 and nuts 14, after which the greenhouse frame is aligned, the front arches 5 (Fig.1 and 2) and additional mechanical stand is, the ATEM is the final tightening fasteners are installed on the mechanical arches wire couplers 21 and 22 (Fig.1) and all elements of the skeleton elastic strip 24 (Fig.3, 4, 5 and 6). The next stage is set pre-prepared end of a film coating consisting of a right 27 and 28 left (Fig.7 and 8) parts, and then made a film cover 26 of the entire greenhouse, which is attached to the frame elements clamps with flexible linings. Mechanical floor is fixed in the closed position bracket (clamp) 20 (Fig.7 and 8).

To ventilate the greenhouse retrieved bracket 20 of the annular grooves 19 of the sleeves 18 and the right 27 and 28 of the left part (half) of the mechanical film coating divorce respectively in the right and left sides.

Prototypes of the greenhouse team with a film coating of the proposed design were subjected to economic tests, the result of which was confirmed by the technical result achieved.

1. The greenhouse team, containing the framework formed arches, the front arches, ties for the connections of the columns of the arch between the translucent floor, nodes sealing and fastening, sealing tape, Prakriti material, characterized in that all parts of the frame are made of equal length at the ends of the two mounting holes with a step "t" shaped thin sheet of cold rolled steel profile and installed the two grooves (grooves) on the outside, which has a ribbon (strip) of elastic material for shielding film-coated, and the arches are connected by longitudinal links and consist of a Central and two lateral arcs with extended ends, and two pillars, and the mounting holes are made on the longitudinal axis of arches and pillars, the longitudinal ends of the links attached narashima plate with the mounting holes, located on an axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the links and symmetrically to her, and each node elements in mutual contact links and longitudinal arches of the links is connected by means of two screws with nuts, in addition, on the end arches frame film coating are separated along the vertical axis into two parts - left and right adjacent edges of which are lined with a strip of elastic material, and tape each part is connected clips with the possibility of contact with each other overlap without gaps, while the upper ends of the tapes are fastened with screws in the upper end of the arches, and n is eat sleeve mounted on the screed, installed on the end arches.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the ends of the long links are expanded in a plane and directly made the mounting holes, the width of the expanded portion of the longitudinal ends of links equal to the width of the shaped profile.

 

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