Multifunctional potenzmitteln template

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a device for measuring the position of the railway operation and repair. The template contains the rod 1, the handle 6 with the leash 20 traction, stationary tip 2, the movable tip 3, which is connected to a lead 20 thrust arm, the device 13 measuring the level of the rails, with the level and limb 9 scale level, the unit of measurement gauge, measure the distance between the working faces of the core and controls, the device measuring the distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls with scale 8, 22, 24 on the horizontal surface of the rod 1 between the arm 6 and a movable tip 3, and the measurement device ordinate conversion curves and the width of the grooves, including the tip, mounted on the carriage 27 with scale. The template contains the device 29 measuring lateral wear of rails with a tip 26, reinstalled for use planar face when making measurements relative risks of reference marked on the horizontal surface of the rod. Effect: enhanced operational capabilities. 5 Il.

The invention relates to a device for the technology is mportant path during its operation and maintenance.

Known potenzmitteln template containing the rod, on which is mounted a device for measuring the width of the track, consisting of a fixed tip associated with the scale width and device for measuring the elevation of one rails above the other, consisting of a sensor and generator, see USSR author's certificate 1541332 in class. E 01 35/02, publ. 1990

This template has a device for measuring the width of the track and the elevation of the rails, which limits its operational capabilities.

Known potenzmitteln template containing the rod, the handle and leash traction, stationary tip, movable handpiece connected to the leash pull handle, the device measuring gauge with a scale and unit of measurement level, see USSR author's certificate 1409710 in class. E 01 35/02, publ. 1988

This pattern is complicated in design execution, dial gauge and level of rails are arranged so that the removal of the measurements is difficult and functionality of the measurement modes is limited.

Known multifunctional template containing the rod, arm, fixed and movable lugs, the device measuring gauge, a measuring device Russ is s guardrail and controls and the measurement device ordinate conversion curves and the width of the grooves, see utility model Russian Federation 4977 in class. E 01 35/02, publ. 1997

This solution is taken as the prototype of the present invention.

However, it has the drawback.

Provided the versatility of the template, not all features are available structural elements used to extend the operational modes of measurement.

The basis of the present invention it is the task of expanding the operational capabilities and increase the functionality of the structural elements of the template.

According to the invention this problem is solved due to the fact that in a multi potenzmitteln the template containing the rod, the handle and leash traction, stationary tip, movable handpiece connected to the leash pull handle, the unit of measurement level of the rails, with the level and limb with the scale level, the unit of measurement gauge, measure the distance between the working faces of the core and controls, the device measuring the distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls with the scale on the horizontal surface of the rod between the handle and a movable tip, the measuring device is istwo dimension of the side rail wear with a tip, reinstalled for use planar face when making measurements, and with a mark of reference marked on the horizontal surface of the rod between the handle and the fixed tip and cooperating with the scale of the carriage, and when neizvestnosti rail position risks corresponds to the zero value on the scale carriage.

This is a set of essential features that provide technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

The applicant has not identified the sources containing information about technical solutions, identical to the present invention, which allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the criterion of "novelty".

Due to the implementation of the distinguishing features of the invention (in conjunction with the features indicated in the restrictive part of the formula) achieved an important new properties of the object. In the proposed technical solution is expanded operational capabilities potenzmitteln template by the measuring device side rail wear, and increased functionality of the tip and carriage due to reinstallation tip and use for measurements egyi distinctive features of invention technical result achieved. In this regard, according to the applicant, it is possible to draw a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed technical solution the criterion of "inventive step".

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which shows:

in Fig.1 - General view of the multifunctional potenzmitteln template;

in Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1 (movable tip);

in Fig.3 - unit level measurement;

in Fig. 4 - section b-B in Fig.3 (connection limb with a Cam);

in Fig.5 - measurement device side rail wear.

Potenzmitteln template consists of:

- rod 1;

- fixed tip 2;

- rolling tip 3;

devices measuring gauge 4;

device for measuring the level of the rails 5;

- arm 6;

device for measuring the distance between the working faces of the core and controls 21;

device for measuring the distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls 23;

- measuring devices ordinate conversion curves and the width of the grooves 25;

device for measuring lateral wear of rails 29.

The rod 1 has a horizontal surface 7.

Fixed tip 2 elektroiskorovym from Stan the rod 1. The movable tip 3 is always under the action of the spring (not shown) providing a pressing both of the lugs 2 and 3, the inner faces of the rails.

The device measuring gauge 4 includes: 2 fixed and 3 mobile lugs and dial gauge 8, located on the horizontal surface 7 of the rod 1 between the arm 6 and a movable tip 3.

The unit of measurement level of the rails 5 includes: 2 fixed and 3 mobile tips, limb 9, located in the horizontal plane, and level 13. The limb 9 scale with level 10 on the cylindrical surface 11 has an axle 12. Level 13 with an ampoule level 14 contains the compensator angle of 15, consisting of a Cam mechanism 16 and the lever 17. The lever 17 is attached vial level 14, filled with sealant. The lever 17 is connected with a Cam 16 mounted on the axis 12 of the limb 9.

The handle 6 has a leash traction 20.

Device for measuring the distance between the working faces of the core and controls 21 with the scale 22, located on the horizontal surface 7 of the rod 1 between the arm 6 and a movable tip 3, includes a stationary tip 2, the movable tip 3 (measuring surface).

The measurement device ordinate conversion curves and the width of the grooves 25 with tip 26 mounted on the carriage 27 with a deposited scale, the position of which is fixed the pressure screw 28 and includes the stationary tip 2 tip 26 elektroiskorovym from the rod 1).

The measurement device side wear of rails 29 with line of reference 30, is located on the horizontal surface 7 of the rod 1 between the arm 6 and the fixed tip 2 includes a handpiece 26, reinstalled the planar face 31 for dimensions on the carriage 27 with a deposited scale, and fixed to the handpiece 2.

Multifunctional potenzmitteln pattern works as follows.

The measuring gauge is carried out with the help of the device 4. The slide 18 by means of rollers 12 is moved along the rod 1 by a lead 20, which enters the groove of the rod. Force the hands of the leash pull 20 moves to the arm 6, while the rod 20 moves the slider 18 with a movable tip 3. When measuring gauge template with the allocated inside a movable tip 3 smoothly without shock set first fixed tip 2 to the inner working faces of the rail head perpendicular to the axis of the rail. After that, the template Ablon loose on the rails. After checking that both of the handpiece 2 and 3 relate to the rails, and the template is in a perpendicular position to the track axis, produce a reference gauge on a scale of 8, is placed on a horizontal surface 7 of the rod 1.

Measuring the level of the rails and the determination of the elevation of one rail relative to another is carried out with the help of the device 5. The template set, as described in the measurement gauge and rotate the wheel 9. Rotation of the limb 9 of the left and right (from -30 to +200 mm) change the angle of the lever 17 with an ampoule level 14. As the lever 17 is connected with the Cam mechanism 16, and he, in turn, is attached to the axis of the limb 9, the dynamics of the compensator angle 15 is determined by the scale of level 10, located on the cylindrical surface 11 of the limb 9. The wheel 9 to rotate until the bubble vials 14 will not occupy a symmetrical position relative to medium scratches ampoule, then on a scale of 10 limb 9 produce the reference elevation of the rail.

Measure the distance between the working faces of the core and controls carried out with the help of the device 21. The pattern smoothly set first fixed tip 2 to the inner working faces of the core perpendicular to the axis of the rail. Then lower the movable Nakonechna moves the slider 18 with a movable tip 3 and presses the movable tip 3 surface And to the working face of controls. The distance between the working faces of the core and controls fixed pointer on the scale 22.

Measure the distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls carried out with the help of the device 23. The pattern smoothly establish the first surface B of the fixed tip 2 to the inner working face guardrail perpendicular to the axis of the rail. After that, the pattern gradually lower the movable tip on the rolling surface of the rail head. Force the hands of the leash pull 20 pulls to the arm 6, while the thrust moves the slider 18 with a movable tip 3 and presses the movable tip 3 surface And to the working face of controls. The distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls fixed pointer on the scale 24.

Measurement ordinate conversion curves and the width of the grooves is carried out with the help of the device 25. The ordinate conversion curves are fixed stationary tip 2 and tip 26 mounted on the carriage 27. On the upper surface of the carriage caused millimeter scale (0-100 mm), which counts the values of the ordinate conversion curves relative to matching her stroke of the rod 1. The carriage 27 is able to move along the rod 1 along a deposited W the 26 is fixed clamping screw 28.

The template set, as described in the measurement of the width of the track, bring the carriage 27 with tip 26 and by loosening the screw 28, the lower lug 26 on the rolling surface of the rail head. Then, by moving the carriage 27, and provide contact tip 26 with the inner face of the rail head and produce a count of the ordinate conversion curve.

The width of the grooves is fixed stationary tip 26 mounted on the carriage 27. The tip 26 must be rotated 180 degrees. The width of the grooves count on the scale carriage 27 relative to matching her stroke scale bar.

The template set, as described in the measurement of the width of the track, bring the carriage 27 with tip 26 and by loosening the screw 28, the lower lug 26 on the rolling surface of the rail head. Then, by moving the carriage 27, and provide contact tip 26 with an inner working face of controls or guardrail and produce the reference width of the gutter.

Measurement of lateral wear of rails carried out with the help of the device 29. The tip 26 reinstall on the carriage 27 for use in the measurement of the flat face 31. The tip 26 is lowered to the lowest position and clamped by the screw 28. Then peremeshali carriage relative risks countdown 30 "wear and tear" on the rod 1. If neizvestnosti rail position risks corresponds to the zero value on the scale carriage.

The proposed pattern can be produced industrially, as evidenced by the manufacture and testing of an experimental batch of the company JSC plant "Esmeron" (St. Petersburg). This leads, according to the applicant, his criterion of "industrial applicability".

Using the stated solution compared with all known means of similar purpose provides enhanced operational capabilities potenzmitteln template and increase functional use of structural elements due to the measurement device side rail wear.

Multifunctional potenzmitteln template containing the rod, the handle and leash traction, stationary tip, movable handpiece connected to the leash pull handle, the unit of measurement level of the rails, with the level and limb with the scale level, the unit of measurement gauge, measure the distance between the working faces of the core and controls, the device measuring the distance between the working faces of the guardrail and controls with scale Gori on the water curves and the width of the grooves, including the tip, mounted on the carriage with the scale, wherein the template includes a measurement device side rail wear with a tip, reinstalled for use of its flat faces when making measurements relative risks of reference marked on the horizontal surface of the rod between the handle and the stationary sleeve, and cooperating with the scale of the carriage, and when neizvestnosti rail position risks corresponds to the zero value on the scale carriage.

 

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