Way to supply energy to the balloon "upi-2"

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to aircraft lighter than air. The method is characterized by using a balloon, which has a shell, ballonet, intake, Central exhaust pipe, a turbine to spin a generator and an electric battery. The intake is made with spiral channels. In the process of supplying energy in the cavity of the shell of the balloon creates a vacuum of air. The invention is directed to an expansion balloon. 2 Il.

Development refers to the aircraft lighter than air. In particular, airships and tethered balloons, using wind energy. When this takes into account the increasing agitation of the atmospheric mass of the Earth in recent decades.

There are various ways of supplying energy to the balloon, designed to consume the energy of the air flow at the altitude where the winds blow stronger and more stable. The way these are designed for the generation of electricity as the needs of the device and external customer.

The essence of the method-analogue is the absorption flow of atmospheric air through the turbine, the turbine of which the Central is the flows spent on the conversion into electrical energy and then into heat carrier gas, what is the toroidal shell. Another part of the flow energy is converted into pressure. This head is designed to create a dynamic lifting force due to the change of direction of the air mass flow in the direction of the earth's surface.

The peculiarity here is that the carrier gas is hydrogen, obtained on Board the balloon. The energy for this comes from an electric generator connected to the wind turbine and electrolyzer, fueled by distillate. There is also the option of burning hydrogen in air, the use of superheated water vapor as a carrier gas (U.S. patent 4309006, CL 64 In 1/02, 1982).

The disadvantage of this method is the counterpart is divided into a number of components. First, the small capacity of the balloon due to heavy electrolyzer that produces hydrogen, presence on Board water system, producing a distillate. Secondly, pure hydrogen in acidic environment the atmospheric environment is constantly threatened by the explosion of fire. To resort here to secure helium-hydrogen mixture is extremely difficult. Thirdly, when the shell is in the form of a torus or lenses filled with hot gas or superheated steam, possible loss of stability of the device. When flying, for example, in the moments of credit is roami carrier gas. Fourth, the air here does not use the energy of wind from the side. There are other observations (see below).

However, the known method of supplying energy to the balloon while working on the rise of toroidal heat shell output nozzles and covering the shell with external parties helium-hydrogen ballonet. The method is designed to absorb the energy flows of atmospheric mass by converting one part of the wind energy in the jet wash the cavity of the specified toroid, the second part of the energy flows into electricity by a wind turbine, the turbine of which is in the Central tube of the balloon, and the third part of wind energy in "reactive". A jet with that derived from the said down tube, and a heat shell over the stern of the device.

The energy of the translational motion of the flows of air masses before to join in the torus cavity and into the turbine of the turbine is converted into the energy of rotational motion using a spiral tapering channels annular inlet with vortex formation. Moreover, the peripheral layer of this vortex is discharged into the cavity of the specified flow shell heated wash jets. the spine of the sheath high temperature heaters, working from the generator, kinematically associated with the impeller, turbine, or electric batteries.

Thus, the residual energy of the air flow in the prototype is used to create control efforts to ensure the progress of the device and an additional stretch that far due to aerodynamic forces. When this energy Central mass fueling the energy incremental atmospheric flow accelerated ring macroeconom.

The way the prototype was to be without process water, without heavy pot and dangerous operation of pure hydrogen. Missing and the combustion chamber. Airships and tethered balloons, designed to work this way, mainly focused on the polar regions, at high latitudes, where it is necessary not only increase capacity, but also heated cockpit, heating compartments with electric accumulators. Yet, these aircraft are capable of supplying electricity to "land" on the feeder in hang mode of the balloon, however! The rise in the sky here without electricity is also not feasible... Generator works when the wind speed is 4 m/s

Obviously, helium-hydrogen ballonet reasons of reliability="ptx2">

The disadvantage of this method is multifaceted. On the one hand, the significant cost of building a hot air balloon because of the cost of materials, perceiving increased terminography. Heating of the carrier gas (air) may exceed 200oTemperatures of the heating elements in this case is much higher. But this device operates due to the temperature drop and efficiency of flight deteriorating properties where the heat... on the other hand, at very low wind generator does not work and the balloon does not rise! In addition, during takeoff and landing vertical jet stream forms a dust cloud that weakens all-round visibility. Yes and pitch control and roll it's pretty trivial, is not as reliable when gusts of hurricane force, the stability of the partially remains.

The goal of the proposed method energy supply is to remove the marked disadvantage in all its components. This is a reduction of cost of construction of the apparatus, operation of such metrodinazole, to further increase its capacity of energy supply, reliability of flight in extreme conditions. The aim is to reduce airborne electrostart and treatment balloon in IVF the method is to extend the functions of the helium-hydrogen mixture, in ballonet ship by particular their interaction with the Board, working with the lifting of the shell. So, to completely reject heat carrier gas. The task also includes increasing the density of the vortex mass, utilization of residual energy as vortex and air visor, flowing from the annular petroarcher.

This objective is achieved in that in the known method of supplying energy to the balloon with simultaneous operation of the air ring shell with output duty and helium-hydrogen ballonet, and using the energy of the flow of atmospheric mass through an annular inlet and the Central exhaust pipe and the turbine, the turbine of which is in the path specified pipe and activates the on-Board generator, the bottom wall of the annular shell is constantly loaded by the gravitational force of the cockpit, the system of motion of the vehicle and an electric battery.

The energy of the incoming currents of air before entering the turbine of the turbine is converted into the energy of rotational motion using a spiral tapering channels air intake with the formation of the compact vortex. Moreover, the peripheral leaving the balloon, spent on education management efforts in the course of the device and its load so that the jet of air escaping from the exhaust pipe, fuelled by the energy extension of the atmospheric flow, which is accelerated in a circular macroeconom. Energy from the terminals on-Board generator is spent on the needs of the balloon and the external customer.

The new method differs in that the operation of the take-off and climb the greatest generation are as if wind is weak and idle on-Board generator, and during a hurricane, by opening the upper edge of the exhaust pipe and simplification of the device by rarefaction of air in proprotional cavity ring shell of the balloon.

But such open cut pipe is carried out by lifting the harness mushroom ballonet, and the vacuum is achieved by continually exhaust air from the annular cavity of the shell through the output duzu by ejecting peripheral vortex layer and supported by a ceiling wall mentioned aerial shell. In its maintenance in limbo with aerostatic force main helium-hydrogen ballonet. Moreover, the global channels air intake from all points of the compass at the same time.

The energy of the jets of air visor thrown by macroeconom up, passed the mushroom ballonet by the dynamic pressure on the concave hermessence this ballonet and inclination harness ballonet to the horizon to windward points through files of adjustable length.

So, in this way to supply energy to the balloon, the idea is education the lifting force based on the carrying medium in a discharged state when the pressure in cavity ring bodoczky significantly less than atmospheric pressure. What surrounds the apparatus. So the dream expressed by the monk de Lana Terzi in 1670 on the flight vacuum balloon, has gained a technical solution. Let in first approximation.

The airship working on the proposed method is schematically depicted in the drawings, where Fig.1 shows a General view of the balloon of Fig.2 - air intake, which is part of the airship shown in the plan.

Structurally, the above-mentioned balloon is divided into three nodes: aerostatic node recovery, energy generation node and the control node.

Aerostatic site includes an air ring shell 1 (Fig. 1), which is elastic in the memory connected to the energy generation node and has an output duzu "D". The latter covers the exhaust pipe 3 of the mentioned power unit, and a membrane wall with its convexity facing down and in the initial state, when there is no wind, is under a slight excess pressure of the helium-hydrogen mixture that fills the specified ballonet.

In energy generation site in addition to the Central exhaust pipe 3 includes a circular inlet 4, below mentioned pipe, concentric with it and contains tapering to a pipe spiral channels "C" (see Fig.2). And between the intake and the bottom cut of the pipe is placed swirl chamber 5 (Fig.1).

In the lower portion of tract pipes mounted turbine 6 turbine. The turbine shaft is in communication with the onboard generator 7. Electric batteries on the drawing conventionally not shown. The swirl chamber on the periphery of the toroid formed by 8, which forms a radial paths "To" (Fig.2) by means of annular ribs 9 (see Fig.1).

Thus, inside the ring-torus 8 exit swirl chamber concentrically forked at the Central tract "C", directed upwards on the tube, and a peripheral path "P". The last very smoothly conjugate with the entrance to duzu and these radial paths "To". Outputs paths "To" associated with the first shell 1 (see Fig.1) constantly loaded by the gravitational force cockpit and systems movement, which in the drawing is not marked.

In the control node of the airship included circular petroarcher 11, which is the head of the Central exhaust pipe, and additional ballonet 12. This mushroom ballonet also filled with helium-hydrogen mixture and held above mentioned tip with the four files 13.

Rigid concave wall mushroom ballonet facing down. The files are located on a circle evenly and cover the concavity. One pair of files in the median plane of the vehicle. All files are able to be adjusted in length, and petroarcher made of tapering radial channels "P". Their contraction is directed to an exhaust pipe, to its upper edge.

On the Central pipe of the airship, versus air cavity ring-shell, there are two calibrated holes "H". In the forming of the output nozzles and swirl chamber involves not only mentioned the toroid and the inner surface of the annular shell 9, but conoidal surface "T", covering the lower portion of the exhaust pipe.

When the balloon is idle, stay with the concavity based on the head pipe 3. In proprotional cavity ring case 1 in this case is air under atmospheric pressure.

Charging additional ballonet helium-hydrogen mixture he POPs up and takes the operating position, here is determined by the adjustment of the lengths of the files 13. The machine is ready to metripolitan. Moreover, when the speed of the atmospheric currents of about 2 m/s and the turbine 6 is not yet able to quickly rotate the rotor of the electric generator 7, the balloon is in effect. Atmospheric currents, sadowa in the windward channel "C" (Fig.2) and "P" (Fig.1), are forced to actively operate the inlet 4 and petroarcher 11.

In the Central pipe occurs a vacuum environment, and in the vortex chamber 5 - original air spin. Its nucleus in the form of currents (C) passes through the turbine blades at the named pipe at the bottom. The peripheral layer of the initial vortex is distributed by the fan in a circular path between the lower conoidal "T" and Thor 8.

These fan-shaped jet ("P") ejection air from the annular cavity of the shell through nozzles D and vanes 10 on the entrance to the inlet 4. From all points of the compass. And through the windward channel "C" (Fig.2), and through the same channels located on the leeward CX.

The vortex in the sealed and the pressure in the air cavity of the shell increases. The lifting force is increased and the airship rises up. This jet of air visor thrown by macroeconom the windward side up, dynamically affect the rigid concavity harness ballonet. So is the exhaust air from the exhaust duct pipe on the leeward side.

Tilting tethered ballonet in one direction or another, it is possible to control the position of the balloon by adjusting the lengths of these files. In low winds tilt harness ballonet more. This hard shell then turns into a sail. Reducing the circular gap between the cut exhaust pipe and the said ballonets, you can stop lifting apparatus. Obviously, such a rigid sail can be the parachute.

Turbine also comes in at a wind speed of 4-5 m/s Thus, the new way to supply energy to the balloon not only draws the last in petrodiesel Flyweight design and large capacity. It is very reliable and can, covering vast distances, to come to the aid of those in distress, for example, when hurricane during a storm in the ocean or in g is th area, and in large settlements.

Not excluded rescue operations, research operations. Using this method opens the possibility to observe anomalous phenomena. Because petrodiesel in this case is not very noisy, polluting the environment by wave action.

Way to supply energy to the balloon with simultaneous operation of the air ring shell with output duty and helium-hydrogen ballonet, and using the energy of the flow of atmospheric mass through an annular inlet and the Central exhaust pipe and the turbine, the turbine of which is in the path specified pipe and activates the on-Board generator, the lower wall of the annular shell is constantly loaded by the gravitational force of the cockpit, the system of motion of the ship and electric batteries, and the energy of incoming currents of air before it enters the turbine of the turbine is converted into the energy of rotational motion using a spiral tapering channels air intake with the formation of the compact vortex, moreover, the peripheral layer of the vortex interacts with the cavity of the annular shell and the residual energy is indeed his load so that puff of air escaping from the exhaust pipe, fuelled by the energy extension of the atmospheric flow, which is accelerated in a circular macroeconom, energy from the terminals on-Board generator is spent on the needs of the balloon and the external user, wherein the operation of the take-off and climb the greatest generation are as if wind is weak and idle on-Board generator, and during a hurricane due to the opening of the upper edge of the exhaust pipe and simplification of the device by rarefaction of air in proprotional cavity ring shell of the balloon, with the specified opening cut of the pipe is carried out by lifting the harness mushroom ballonet, and the vacuum is achieved by continually exhaust air from the annular cavity of the shell through the output duzu by ejecting peripheral vortex layer and supported by a ceiling wall mentioned aerial shell in limbo with aerostatic force main helium-hydrogen ballonet, and the residual energy of the peripheral vortex layer is consumed by the ejection of atmospheric mass in the spiral channels of the air intake from all points of the compass dnevnomu ballonet by the dynamic pressure on the concave hermessence this ballonet and inclination harness ballonet to the horizon to windward points through files of adjustable length.

 

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FIELD: transportation power systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes transport facilities, captive balloon, captive cable used for holding and guiding the transport facilities and wind-power electric stations mounted on captive balloon and used for motion of transport facilities. Captive cable is provided with two (or more) current conductors fastened with insulating layers made from high-strength material. Each current conductor is located in vertical longitudinal plane and is fastened to ends of captive cable through insulating layers and is connected with respective wind-power electric station. Outer surfaces of current conductors located in vertical longitudinal planes are provided with current-conducting wear-resistance coats.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of system in upper layers of troposphere.

2 cl, 2 dwg

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