Anodically machine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of machines that use the energy of sea waves for traffic and generate electricity. Anodically machine includes a horizontal shaft on which the hinge is installed underwater rotary wings and fins. The wings are connected kinematic transmission, and at least one wing made rebalancing Manager. In addition, the machine is equipped with a CP propeller and an electric machine, kinematically connected with a horizontal shaft. Moreover, the gear ratio of the transmission from the horizontal shaft to propeller screw is less than one, and the gear ratio of the transmission from the electric machine to a horizontal shaft is greater than one. The invention allows to improve operational performance by providing opportunities to create traction for low intensities of the sea, including in the absence of agitation. 2 Il.

The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of machines that use the energy of sea waves for ship traffic and the generation of electric power.

Known anodically machine containing horizontal transmission, of which at least one is made rebalancing Manager, and Keeley, connected with a horizontal shaft (see patent RU 2147543 C1, 20.04.2000 adopted for the prototype).

A disadvantage of the known machines is the inability to create traction for low intensities of the sea, including in the absence of agitation.

The aim of the invention is to improve the operational characteristics vandigital machine.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that anodically machine containing a horizontal shaft pivotally connected to him underwater rotary wings, interconnected kinematic transmission, of which at least one is made rebalancing Manager, and Keeley, connected with a horizontal shaft, equipped with a CP propeller and an electric machine, kinematically connected with the horizontal shaft, and the gear ratio of the transmission from the horizontal shaft to propeller screw is less than one, and the gear ratio of the transmission from the electric machine to a horizontal shaft is greater than one.

In Fig. 1 shows anodically machine, side view.

In Fig. 2), the same incision.

In the IRNA control wing 2 and balancer driven wing 3, and still attached Keeley 4, to which is pivotally attached the wings 5. The wings 2 and 3 consist of two halves that are located on both sides of the horizontal shaft, and have the ability to rotate at different angles under the action of a control pulse from the corresponding half of the wing 2 through kinematic transfer left or right side. The wings 5 are made in the form of monocryl with asymmetric profile and convexo-concave form in cross section.

In the aft end of the horizontal shaft 1 is propeller 6 controllable pitch, and inside the sealed enclosure 24 of the vessel - electric machine 7 is connected to the horizontal shaft through a coupling driven clutch 8 and the kinematic transmission.

With the hull horizontal shaft is connected by brackets 9 with bearings 10, inside the brackets is shaft kinematic transmission 11 connecting the electric machine 7 with horizontal shaft 1 gear ratio, large units, and the drive shaft of the rotation of the blades is adjustable pitch. Using a fixed connection 12 of the bracket 9 with the shaft actuator shaft can be lifted out of the water for inspection and repair. Reference-operarional shaft 1. On the shaft 13 slidably fixed gear wheel 14 and still - toothed wheel 15. Gear wheel 14 is stationary connected to the bracket 9.

Torque from the horizontal shaft 1 through the shaft 13, the feed end of the machine housing, the gears 14 and 16 is transmitted to the overrunning clutch 17 and 18 connecting the coaxial polewali.

Rotation of the horizontal shaft clockwise (when viewed from the side of the propeller) concatenates one of the overrunning clutches, for example 17. The other time raceplane. Torque through gears 19 and 20 is transmitted to the propeller shaft 21, which rotates the screw clockwise.

Rotation of the horizontal shaft counterclockwise concatenates the overrunning clutch 18 and unhooks 17. Torque through a chain transmission is transmitted to the propeller shaft, which rotates the propeller again clockwise.

Torque transmitted horizontal propeller shaft propeller can be increased by operating the electric machine 7. For this purpose it kinematically connected with the shaft 13 through a coupling driven clutch 8, the kinematic transmission gear 23 and the gear wheel 15.

Work.

Incoming flow of water due to the excitement Mor the machine, rotates this shaft, trying to install the fins 4 in the feathered position. The rotation is due to the hydrodynamic lifting forces generated by the wings 5 and the fins. The rudder stock all of the wings are thus perpendicular to the incident flow, the flow affects the full wingspan.

The control arm 2, to rotate around the axis of the shaft, is installed in the directional position and by means of the kinematic transmission rotates all the wings on the programmed angle of attack to the oncoming flow. On the wings occurs hydrodynamic lifting force directed at an angle forward, horizontal component of which is the wave thrust, driving the ship.

Since the velocity vector flow changes direction continuously, insofar continuously rotates or oscillates around its axis horizontal shaft 1. Torque from the horizontal shaft through a kinematic transmission is transmitted to the propeller screw, causing it to rotate with a frequency greater than the frequency of rotation of the horizontal shaft.

Thrust (emphasis) of the propeller is added to the wave-powered wings. She and the other thrust created in the above example, C is helicene thrust of the propeller. For this purpose it is necessary to increase the torque horizontal shaft 1, giving him extra torque from the electric machine and changing the pitch without changing the speed of the horizontal shaft.

Excess torque can be used to generate electricity.

Anodically machine can create cravings throughout the speed range of modern hull-borne vessel, using partially or fully the energy of sea waves to create this thrust.

Anodically machine containing a horizontal shaft pivotally connected to him underwater rotary wings, interconnected kinematic transmission, of which at least one is made rebalancing Manager, and Keeley, connected with a horizontal shaft, characterized in that it is equipped with a CP propeller and an electric machine, kinematically connected with the horizontal shaft, and the gear ratio of the transmission from the horizontal shaft to propeller screw is less than one, and the gear ratio of the transmission from the electric machine to a horizontal shaft is greater than one.

 

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