The method of stimulation of germination of seeds of grain crops

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to methods of pre-treatment of seeds. In the proposed method, namachivanii seeds is carried out in the activated solution with a temperature of 22-25oC for one minute at pH 9.5 and the presence of active chlorine to 10.3 mg/l solution. The use of the invention will reduce processing times and increase germination. table 2.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to methods of pre-treatment of seeds.

There is also known a method of electrical stimulation of seeds, including the effects on the seeds of a constant electric field strength of 0.5-1.0 kV/cm and rotating pulsed electromagnetic fields with frequencies up to 200 Hz and amplitude of tension 100-120/m /1/.

The disadvantage of this method is that the protection of seeds from soil pests when you hit them in the ground.

The known method of presowing treatment of seeds, including wet the seeds aqueous solution with an adhesive substances and microelements and then processing them in the electromagnetic field of ultra high frequency /2/.

Basically the most important.

The known method of presowing treatment of seeds with deep organic rest /3/ providing preliminary training and namachivanii seeds in activated water obtained by electrodialysis.

The disadvantage of this method is long and two-phase (warm and cold) stratification of seeds.

Closest to the proposed invention is a method of pre-sowing treatment of seeds /4/ providing preliminary training and namachivanii seeds in activated water with a temperature of 22-25oC for one minute at pH 11 or pH 2-5.

The disadvantage of this method is the lack of activated water chlorine, which gives the effect of disinfection of the seed surface in combination with the alkaline medium of the solution, changing the redox potential of the cell membranes seed shell and increasing the speed of osmotic absorption of fluids and swelling of the seed.

The invention solves the problem of increasing the germination and disinfection of grain.

To achieve the above result, the proposed method namachivanii seeds is carried out in the activated solution at pH 9.5 liablilites seeds (for example, PS-10A) instead of the solution of chemical disinfectants pour the activated solution and according to PS-10A technology spend preplant seed.

As is known, the response of a biological object on the impact depends on the type of impact (mechanical, thermal, chemical and so on), its magnitude (amplitude), duration, gradient, frequency. In this regard, we have examined the effect of duration of exposure of the activated solution with a pH of 9.5 and a content of active chlorine to 10.3 mg/l for germination. The results of the experiments are given in table.1. It was found that with increasing duration of treatment from 0.25 to 2.5 minutes maximum germination is achieved with processing time 1 min Further increase in exposure time does not give a noticeable increase in the germination of seeds. In the practical implementation of the method, for example, for the processing of seeds using seed treater PS-10A processing time is limited by the technology and with the average performance of 10 t/h and presence in the treatment zone servings of grain in the amount of 170....155 kg time (0,85...1,0) min

The results of the research to identify the influence of pH and chlorine in the areas of stimulating effect of alkaline water in the presence of active chlorine is in the range in pH (9,0...10) and chlorine (6,0.. .11,1) mg/l

However, the greatest effect is achieved at pH 9.5 and the presence of chlorine to 10.3 mg/l as germination 91,70%, and average stem length 6,2 see

Thus, the proposed method of stimulating the germination of seeds of grain crops can significantly reduce the processing time, eliminate chemical disinfectants for disinfection and to improve the germination of wheat seeds "don beacon 3...12%.

Literature

1. USSR author's certificate 1727602, MKI5And 01 1/00, 1992

2. USSR author's certificate 950214, MKI3And 01 1/00, 1982

3. USSR author's certificate 1207412, MKI4And 01 1/00, 1986

4. RF patent 2109428, 1998 prototype.

The method of stimulation of germination of seeds of grain crops, including preliminary training and namachivanii seeds in activated water with a temperature of 22-25oC for one minute, characterized in that namachivanii seeds is carried out in the activated solution at pH 9.5 and the presence of active chlorine to 10.3 mg/l solution.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to instruments for terracing of slopes for planting of forest plantations

Dragonator // 2195099
The invention relates to equipment for applying coatings on particles of bulk materials, as well as for granulation and can be used in agricultural, food, pharmaceutical and other industries

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the cultivation of potatoes

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the protection of plants, and can be used for combating rice leaf nematode

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the phytohelminthology and can be used against root-knot nematode on cucumbers

The invention relates to installations intended for the treatment of seeds of different crops before sowing, and can be used in agriculture

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to sowing machines, and can be used in agriculture for sowing sugar beet, cereals and other crops adenozinovymi - dotted by the way, low standards

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for processing any agricultural crops both at the stage of pre-treatment, and at the stage of vegetative development to enhance germination of seeds and enhance the life processes of plants

Dragonator // 2189713
The invention relates to equipment for applying coating compounds to particles of bulk materials, such as seeds of agricultural crops, as well as for granulation

The invention relates to the field of production of food additives, namely to methods of enrichment of selenium garlic and some root vegetables

FIELD: agriculture, may be used for treatment of seeds, vegetables and flowers.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying onto seeds aqueous suspension of gluing substance and fine-dispersed peat in an amount of 0.3-0.5 by weight of seeds; introducing into aqueous suspension gluing substance of micro- and macro fertilizers and growth promoter; alternatively applying onto peat-covered seeds mixture of bentonite and peat used in weight ratio of 0.14-0.64 and aqueous suspension of gluing substance with macro- and micro fertilizers and growth promoter; rolling treated seeds in pelleting apparatus and drying.

EFFECT: improved quality of presowing treatment of seeds.

5 ex

FIELD: agriculture, may be used for treatment of seeds, vegetables and flowers.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying onto seeds aqueous suspension of gluing substance and fine-dispersed peat in an amount of 0.3-0.5 by weight of seeds; introducing into aqueous suspension gluing substance of micro- and macro fertilizers and growth promoter; alternatively applying onto peat-covered seeds mixture of bentonite and peat used in weight ratio of 0.14-0.64 and aqueous suspension of gluing substance with macro- and micro fertilizers and growth promoter; rolling treated seeds in pelleting apparatus and drying.

EFFECT: improved quality of presowing treatment of seeds.

5 ex

FIELD: agriculture, insecticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to insecticide covers for seeds that comprise one or some binding substances taken among the group including polymers and copolymers of polyvinyl acetate, methylcellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, vinylidene chloride, acryl, cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone and polysaccharide, and insecticide and a filling agent also. A binding agent forms matrix for insecticide and a filling agent. Also, invention relates to a method for control of insect-pests that involve applying a cover on seeds. Also, invention relates to a method for preparing seeds with cover that involves mixing a binding agent, carrier and insecticide, applying a mixture of seed, drying and applying an additional filming cover. Method for protecting the germinating seedlings involves applying the insecticide cover on seeds. Invention provides reducing the phytotoxic effect of insecticide on seeds.

EFFECT: valuable agricultural properties of insecticide cover.

24 cl, 5 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, machines for mixing and applying of mineral fertilizer, may be used for mixing and sowing of other bulk materials over filed surface.

SUBSTANCE: mixer-spreader has hopper divided into sections by means of partitions mounted for rotation relative to pins extending in parallel with spiral axes. Dosing devices arranged in lower part of sections are controlled by on-board microcomputer including inductive sensors and actuating mechanisms. Control unit is of microprocessor-based controller type. Radio navigational system is connected with first input of control unit and inductive contact-free gate position sensors are connected to second input of control unit. Control circuit inputs are switched to first and subsequent outputs of control unit and actuating mechanisms are switched to control circuit outputs. Number of control circuits and actuating mechanisms is equal to number of hopper sections.

EFFECT: increased uniformity of dosing of mineral fertilizer mixtures owing to predetermined ratio of components.

5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, microbiology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for intensifying growth of microorganisms of genus Pseudomonas in growing cereal crops. Method involves presowing treatment of gramineous crops seeds with agent solution representing an aqueous solution of triple copolymer of acrylic acid, its amide and triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine in the following ratio of components, wt.-%: active component, 0.0005-0.001; water, the balance. Method provides elevating number of microorganisms of genus Pseudomonas in rhizosphere and rhizoplane in rice and wheat roots.

EFFECT: improved intensifying method.

2 tbl

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has working tool made in the form of round potential electrodes fixed on single rotating shaft. Grain is fed into electrode gap defining non-homogeneous electric field. Electric and other forces are acting upon grain mixture to increase grain mixture spreading radius and, accordingly, to improve grain separation quality. Simultaneously, grains are treated by electric field to increase yield. Single shaft, on which electrodes are fixed for rotation, is made from material adapted for isolation of electrodes from one another. Electrodes are made of equal diameter, are spaced from one another by distance equal to half the diameter, and are provided with smooth side surfaces. Corona members are disposed along outer perimeter of electrodes.

EFFECT: improved quality of separation and treatment of grain mixture and increased efficiency of apparatus.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, treatment of seeds before planting or sowing process.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying composition of binder and coating material onto seeds. Composition contains biologically active components and biogenic microelements. Binder allows composition components to be held on seed surface.

EFFECT: increased yield of farm crops owing to usage of protective and nutritive components in composition, and reduced consumption of mineral and organic fertilizers per unit of product.

18 cl, 4 ex

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, treatment of seeds with protection-stimulating substances.

SUBSTANCE: seed treating apparatus has seed hopper, disk-type dosing device, seed distributor, and seed treatment chamber. Slot-type ejection sprayers are arranged in two tiers in diametrically opposed relation inside seed treatment chamber, said sprayers being oriented tangentially with respect to direction of rotation of disk of seed dosing-distributing device. Sprayers are mounted so that angle of inclination with respect to horizontal plane may be changed. To provide for air-drop spray, working liquid is supplied to sprayers from tanks and is delivered by gravity to feeding pipe. Air flow is fed from slot-type nozzle for ejecting working liquid, spraying it and directing onto treatment object. Air is supplied by compressor through receiver, pressure regulator, valve and distributing collector via air duct into slot-type nozzle.

EFFECT: wider operational capabilities, increased efficiency and reduced power consumed for treatment of seeds with working liquids.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves soaking wheat seeds in activated water and embedding seeds into soil. Wheat seeds are soaked in anolyte or in catholyte for 8-10 hours and embedded into soil immediately after completing of soaking process, without drying process.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified method.

2 tbl

FIELD: seed production, in particular, equipment for presowing treatment of seeds of different kinds of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: according to first and second versions, apparatus has drum mounted for free rotation on rollers disposed in bearings on bed. Axes of rotation of rollers are extending in parallel with axis of rotation of drum. Drum is manufactured from radio wave transmitting material with low loss value, such as polystyrene, and has thickness multiple tside=λ/2√εs. According to first version, end walls of apparatus are manufactured from current conductive material, such as aluminum alloys, or from dielectric material with plated inner surface. Inner surface of drum walls is made ribbed, with height of ribs being multiple λ/4 and width of ribs and rib spacing being substantially lower than λ/2. According to second version, end walls of drum are made from current conductive material. Grid adjoining inner side of each end wall is composed of metal conductors extending in parallel with one another and end surface of drum. Distance from grid to inner end surface of drum is multiple te=λ/2√εe.

EFFECT: reduced treatment time, increased efficiency and simplified construction.

3 cl, 5 dwg

Up!