Device for the construction of irrigation systems

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular for machines for the construction of irrigation systems. In the device dumps with a plough-shares is rigidly fixed on the farms. Farm symmetrically installed on the left and right side frame angle =45-48 degrees. to its longitudinal axis. Farm linked with the mechanisms for setting the cutting angle of the shares within =84-96 deg. The frame has a beveled plate shaper roller. The sealing rings have an adjustable weight. Depth adjustment cutting layer made with the help of mechanisms for raising and lowering the support wheels. Wheels mounted on the frame and at the ends of the trusses with a possibility of free movement in a vertical plane during the formation of the platen. The device is coupled to the tractor and a hydraulic system connected to the cylinders swapping in the working or transport position, the motion of cutting the layer of soil moved the blade to the center of the device under plate shaper and an ice rink. Education of the platen is carried out in floating position of the hydraulic system. The use of the invention improves the performance and Cacela irrigation systems, mainly to conduct grading and cutting water-holding rollers when watering crops on a wide and long strips, passable for agricultural machinery transverse profile on the soils of loam and sandy loam texture.

A device for the formation of ridges, containing the right and left piles and two wing for the formation of the platen 1. Chuprin I. A. and other hydraulic engineering Handbook. - M.: Kolos, 1967).

It is known tool for education earthen ridges, including two symmetrically mounted on the frame and operating in stall buildings made in the form of two elongated scraper arranged at an angle to one another (2. Copyright certificate 90872, class A 01 B 13/00, 1930).

A device for the formation of sandy shafts, comprising a frame, rollers with a mechanism for regulating the height of the cutting layer of the soil, two shares with blades arranged at an angle to one another, placed them shaper and fixer profile of the platen 3. USSR author's certificate 967289, CL 01 And 13/16 In).

However, the known devices are generally unsuitable for carrying out planning and cutting water is austenic cultures of the bands, that their use leads to the destruction of the topsoil of arable land with a depth of up to 18 see

Closest to the invention to the technical essence is a device for the formation of sandy shafts [3].

In the proposed device, comprising a frame, supporting wheels are provided with mechanisms for regulating the depth of cut soil layer, two shares with blades arranged at an angle to one another, placed them shaper and who consolidates the profile roller, shares with dumps is rigidly fixed on the farms, which are symmetrically installed on the right and left sides of the frame at an angle = 45-48 degrees. to its longitudinal axis and kinematically connected with a reinforced frame mechanisms of the installation angle of cut of shares within = 84-96 deg. the shaper made in the form of beveled plates and the one who consolidates profile roller in the form of a sealing roller, which with a drawbar pivotally mounted on the frame for the former, while the blade is made of a flat shape, and its length is selected from a ratio

< / BR>
where L is the length of the plow blade with the blade, m;

In - base width of the roller, m;

hwith- the height of the cutting layer of the soil, m;

TOus- the ratio of soil compaction;

hiniste wheels pivotally mounted on the end of each farm and provided with mechanisms for raising and lowering the transport or working position for regulating the depth of cut soil layer and the mechanism of regulation of the cutting angle.

In addition, the device supporting wheels pivoted on the frame and at the ends of the trusses with a possibility of free movement in a vertical plane, for example, using the guide, rigidly associated with the frame and slider associated with the control wheel.

Moreover, the length of the plow blade with the blade take provided that the height of cut of the fertile soil layer hwith= 0,02-0,03 m base width of the roller In = 2-3 m, and the height of the roller hin= 0.25-0.3 m with a coefficient of soil compaction K = 1,17.

In addition, the sealing rink is made hollow, with the possibility of filling the cavity with water and additional cargo, fixed on its shaft.

In Fig. 1 shows a structural diagram of the proposed device, top view; Fig. 2 - it is the same, rear view; Fig.3 - it is the same side view in the transport position of Fig. 4 - it is the same, the section a-a of Fig.5 shows a structural diagram of a sealing of the rink who consolidates the profile of the roller; Fig.6 shows a structural diagram of a wafer with a bevel shaper of Fig.7 shows a variant of job education profile strip irrigation systems.

The proposed device includes a frame 1, supporting wheels 2, 3, farm 4, 5, mechanisms to regulate the depth of the its longitudinal axis 8. On each farm is rigidly fixed blade 9 blade 10. The farm attached to the chassis using the axes 11, 12 and kinematically linked with the mechanisms 13, 14 for setting the cutting angle. The frame has beveled plates 15, 16 shaper roller. For plates installed, pivotally connected with the frame by means of shafts 27, the sealing rink 17. The wheels are connected with the slides 18, 19, which are mounted in guides 20, 21 which are vertically fixed on the frame and at the ends of the trusses. The hydraulic cylinders 22, 23 one ends are connected with the wheels 2, 3, and the other fixed on the frame 1 and farms 4, 5. The position of farms with respect to the frame 1 is provided with a length of stretch marks 24, 25. At the end of the frame 1 is mounted turnbuckle 26. To change the device's weight can be set on the frame 1 extra cargo 28.

Structurally, the length of the piles L depends on the depth of the cutting layer of the soil, the size of the cushion, width and density of the soil. Therefore, they can be made with a certain range of sizes and can be mounted in the device for different tasks. For this purpose the device may be made adjustable farms, having installed a number of dimensions.

The device operates as follows.< the device is used by farm size required. And the device is mounted with the tractor of appropriate power with trailer unit 26 and the use of the hydraulic system of the tractor, for example, T-150, K-700, T-4.

After transportation of the device from the work area by turning right 4 left 5 farms in the working position to the length dimension of the stretch marks 24, 25, which provide the location of their angle = 45-48 degrees. to the longitudinal axis 8 of the frame 1. By using a mechanism (not shown) is transferred to the working position sealing rink 17. Further in accordance with the processing job for processing a specific area of arable land through mechanisms 13, 14 set the plow blade 10 with blades 9 to the desired cutting angle within = 84-95 deg., and through mechanisms 6 and 7 establish the depth hwithcutting layer of soil. Then include the tractor hydraulic system to install the device in the transport position and move it to the place of beginning of the formation of the platen. Then translate the hydraulic system in a "floating position" and start moving unit. Cutting ploughshares 10 soil is moved on a flat surface dumps 9 to the center of the plates 15, 16 which form the profile of the roller. Using the rink 17 surface profile of the roller at what time additional cargo, mounted on the shaft 27. While sealing the upper part of the roller surface is due to the mass of the sealing rink 17, copying his relief, and bottom by plates 15, 16.

When large mijalkovic distances (up to 50 m) after completion of the forming roller are subject to additional landscaping strip. To do this, disconnect from the work of sealing the ice rink and pick up the piles to the minimum height of the cutting layer of the soil.

Due to the fact that the device uses cutting angle within = 84-96 deg., and dumps set angle = 45-48 degrees. to the longitudinal axis of the frame, are provided with automatic floating device when exceeding the volume of the moved mass of the soil, which is required for the formation of the profile of the roller. This eliminates the overload device and allows you to automatically adjust the quantity of soil required for the formation of the desired profile of the platen, providing a smooth transition from one processing plane to another. This embodiment of the device can increase the length of his dumps up to 8 meters If necessary quantity dumps regulate soil by installing additional cargo 28, fixed on the frame 1.

what does the distribution of organic fertilizers, and also for the formation of snow rollers when retention.

The proposed device allows you to increase productivity and the quality of construction of irrigation systems for surface irrigation of agricultural crops on a wide and long strips, to expand the versatility of the device due to the possibility of using it on other works.

1. Device for the construction of irrigation systems, mainly for carrying out planning and cutting water-holding rollers when watering crops on a wide and long strips, used for agricultural machines transverse profile, comprising a frame, supporting wheels are provided with mechanisms for regulating the depth of cut soil layer, two shares with blades arranged at an angle to one another, placed them shaper and who consolidates the profile of the roller, characterized in that the shares with dumps is rigidly fixed on the farms, which are symmetrically installed on the right and left sides of the frame at an angle 45-48oto its longitudinal axis and kinematically connected with a reinforced frame mechanisms of the installation angle of cut of shares within = 84-96o, formoobrazovanie is built on the frame behind the shaper, when this blade is made of a flat shape, and its length is selected from a ratio

< / BR>
where L is the length of the plow blade with the blade, m;

In - base width of the roller, m;

hwith- the height of the cutting layer of the soil, m;

TOus- the ratio of soil compaction;

hin- the height of the roller, m;

- the angle between the longitudinal axis of the truss and the longitudinal axis of the frame.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the supporting wheels pivotally mounted on the free end of each farm, equipped with mechanisms for raising and lowering the transport and working position, depth adjustment layer cut, adjust cutting angle.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the sealing rink is made hollow, with the possibility of filling the cavity with water and additional cargo, fixed on its shaft.

4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the length L of the plow blade with the blade selected, provided that: the height of cut of the fertile soil layer hwith= 0,02-0,03 m base width of the roller In= 2-3 m, the height of the roller hin= 0.25-0.3 m, the coefficient of soil compaction K= 1,17.

5. The device according to PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the supporting wheels pivoted on the frame and at the ends of farms with free ParameterName wheel.

 

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