The method of removal and installation of protective tray wheeled and tracked vehicles and a device for its implementation
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to wheeled and tracked machines that use removable (folding) pallets to protect the engine, transmission and other components from damage when hitting obstacles. The method consists in the fact that the device for removal and installation of protective tray placed under the pallet. Take one bolt, install the device, twisting the rest of the bolts and lower one side of the pallet. The device will then move to the other side of the pallet by removing the axis of the hinge of the tray. Down the other side of the pallet. The device for removal and installation of protective tray includes a frame, a support with the ability to move and tighten its protective tray, a mechanism for moving the support. The frame is made in the form of a rod, which consists of two parts connected by a hinge. In the upper part of the bar is threaded in the lower bearing installed. The device has the following options. Support can be in the form of the anchor nut, and the lower part of the rod is threaded. The rod can have a thread in the upper and lower parts, and the thread having a different direction. The technical result of the invention Yam protective pallets. 2 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to wheeled to tracked machines that use removable (folding) pallets to protect the engine, transmission and other components from damage when hitting obstacles.The known method of removal and installation of protective pallet, including twisting of the pan bolts to the frame of the machine, lowering one side of the pallet to the ground without the use of additional devices, the destruction of the axis of the hinge of the tray, lowering the other end of the pallet and reverse the order of operations when it is installed (the"guidelines for maintenance of tractors T-130", M , Traktoroeksport, c.8, 14-16).When using this method, remove the pan bolts to the frame of the machine, it is necessary manually to keep it from falling, then manually lowered its edge on the ground. Given that the weight of the pallets tractors T-130 50 and 60 pounds, the use of the known method is difficult and unsafe. For heavier pallets this technique is generally unacceptable.The known method of removal and installation of protective pallet, including delivery to the machine is a special device, installing it under the pallet, the twisting of the pan bolts to the frame of the machine,A device for carrying out the method of removal and installation of protective tray, made in the form of a trolley-hoist that includes a base with wheels, bearing and hydraulic lifting device (the"maintenance manual for tractor D-7G "CATERPILLAR,"", FORM NO. SENR 7112, USA, 1977, S. 34-35. A copy is attached.)
The closest major signs and the achieved result is the method of removal and installation of protective pallet, including delivery to the machine is a special device, installing it under the pallet, the twisting of the pan bolts to the frame of the machine, lowering the pallet by means of a special device, reverse the order of operations for installing a sump.The device for implementing the method of removal and installation of the tray selected for the prototype, contains made in the form of a frame on wheels frame associated with support, established, with the ability to move and tucked up her protective pallet lifting mechanism support. (The mechanism for lifting and lowering the protective pallets IGOS-150", Passport, 720-16-PS, JSC "Chelyabinsk tractor plant", 1995. Copy attached).The main disadvantage of the known methods and devices for their implementation is that they can about the social device, having a fairly complex design and are due to the significant size and weight are stored at the maintenance station. Therefore, it takes a long time for delivery of the device for removal and installation of protective pallet to the machine or the machine at the service station.The aim of the invention is the reduction of time for maintenance of wheeled and tracked vehicles in the field, associated with the removal of the protective pallets, due to the exclusion of the operation of delivery of the device to the machine and using a small device, stored on the machine.This objective is achieved in that in the method of removal and installation of protective tray, which is placed under the pallet device for removal, twisting the pan bolts to the frame of the machine, remove the axes of the hinges of the pallet, the authors suggest to first Unscrew one bolt on the side of the pallet, made without loops, and in its place install the device for removal and installation of the pallet, then Unscrew the remaining pan bolts, then lower the pallet to the ground, to move the device for removal and installation of the pallet in the hole for the bolt on the opposite >/P>This goal is achieved by the fact that the device for removal and installation of protective pallet comprising a frame, a support mounted for movement and preload it protective tray to the frame, mechanism for moving the support, the authors suggest the skeleton to perform in the form of a rod, which consists of two parts connected by a hinge, the upper part of which is threaded, and the lower part of the installed bearing.When running supports in the form of nuts lower part of the rod is threaded.The upper and lower part of the rod is made with a thread having a different direction.The proposed method for removal and installation of protective tray allows for quick and timely maintenance of the machine in the field, since the proposed device for carrying out the method has a small weight and dimensions, which allow you to include it in the composition of the spare parts of the machine.In addition, the use of the machine frame as a support for fastening the proposed device can be used to repair a car on relatively soft ground, which is quite difficult when using truck-lift (wheel pressed into the soil, the necessary specie technical solutions linked to form a single inventive concept.In known to the applicant the methods for removal and installation of protective pallet machines and devices for their implementation is missing a set of distinctive features of the claimed technical solution, therefore, it meets the criterion of "novelty".Distinguishing features of the claimed group of technical solutions to reduce time and effort for removal and installation of protective pallet machines in the field, do not follow explicitly from the prior art. Therefore, the proposed technical solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".In Fig.1 shows a diagram of installation of the device on the machine.In Fig. 2 shows a General view of the device installed in place of the bolt protective tray to the frame of the machine.In Fig.3 shows the hinge connection of the upper and lower parts of the stem.In Fig.4 shows the mechanism for moving the supporting nut, made in the form of ratchet mechanism mounted in the handle.In the diagram removal and installation of protective pallet machine shows the suspension system 1, the frame 2 of the machine, the protective tray 3 and the device 4 for removal and installation, loop 5 with the axis 6 of the inner portion 7 through which the hinge 8 is connected with the lower part 9, prop-nut 10, a handle 11, a ratchet mechanism 12.The proposed method for removal and installation of protective pallet is made by the device 4, as follows.For removal of the tray 3 take one bolt (not shown) located on the side of the pallet to be made without hinges 5, and in its place install the device 4, tighten them its upper part 7 to the end of the nut 10 to the pallet 3. Then take all the rest of the bolts, by means of the handle 11 through the ratchet mechanism 12 provide navigation support-nuts 10 down on the threaded lower part 9 of the rod. Under the action of gravity pallet 3 starts to fall, turning on the axis of the hinge 5, the lower part 9 of the rod is rotated on the axis of the hinge 8, the edge of the pallet 3 is lowered to the ground.Access to the nodes of the tractor is open, and usually in this position of the pallet (dash-dotted line in Fig. 1) and is maintenance of motor installation.If necessary for complete removal of the pallet 3 rearrange device 4 in the free hole of the pallet 3 from the side on which the hinges 5, ensuring that the focus of support-nut 10 to the pallet 3. Remove the axle 6 of the loops 5 protective pallet. By means of the handle 11 through the ratchet is n is cleared, and you can repair the engine or other sites.To install the pallet 3 in its place, you must do the above operations in reverse order.To prevent the possibility of samovyrajeniya device 4 of the upper part 7 and lower part 9 of the rod have different direction of the thread. The thread pitch of the lower part 9 is selected as the locking nut 10.The lower part 9 of the terminal device 4 can be performed using a rack and pinion or other type of transfer.Industrial applicability of the proposed technical solutions can be seen from the description of the method and device for its implementation.The proposed method and the device allow for quick, easy, convenient and safe to carry out the lowering and lifting of the protective trays. It uses a cheap and compact device weighing 2 kg, which is placed on the machine. Therefore, to repair in the field is not the time for delivery of the device to the machine. 1. The method of removal and installation of protective tray wheeled and tracked vehicles, which are placed under the pallet device for removal and installation, twisting the bolts p is m, first take one bolt located on the side of the pallet, made without loops, and in its place install the device for removal and installation of the pallet, and then twisting the remaining pan bolts, then lower the pallet to the ground, move the device for removal and installation of the pallet in the hole for the bolt on the opposite side of the pallet, remove the axis of the hinge of the tray, put the other side of the pallet to the ground.2. A device for implementing the method according to p. 1, containing the skeleton of a bearing can travel and preload it protective tray to the frame of the machine, mechanism for moving the support, characterized in that the frame is made in the form of a rod, which consists of two parts connected by a hinge, the upper part of the rod is threaded, and the lower part of the installed bearing.3. The device according to p. 2, characterized in that the support is executed in the form of a nut, and the lower part of the rod is threaded.4. The device according to PP. 2 and 3, characterized in that the upper and lower part of the rod is made with a thread having a different direction.
FIELD: railway transport; repair facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mounted appliances for mobile repair machines used for repair of rail vehicles without cutting out, particularly for replacement of bogie springs and friction wedge. Proposed mounted appliance has platform body 1 secured by brackets 2 on frame-adapter of mobile repair machine. Post 3 with lever 5 is secured on platform body 1. Hydraulic jack 7 is installed on platform body 1 by means of ball support 9, being coupled with lever 5 through joint 10 of rod 11. Fork grip 6 is locked in bogie members, pressure is fed into hydraulic jack 7, and platform body 1 is moved to thrust against ground, and at further travel of rod 11, appliance lifts up bogie releasing spring set from weight of vehicle. Spring set and friction wedge are demounted and transported to repair station on platform body 1. Procedure is reversed for mounting spring set and friction wedge.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability and increased service life.
FIELD: mechanical engineering; transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to load-lifting devices with speed-changing gear trains, and it can be used for lifting vehicles. Proposed screw jack has lead screw connected with output shaft of two-speed reduction gear with speed change clutch. According to invention, reduction gear is made in form of differential planetary gear train and two worm pairs whose worms can be connected with input shaft of two-speed reduction gear. First central wheel of differential planetary gear train is connected with screw, and second one, with wheel of second worm pair for rotation in opposite direction relative to first one, and carrier is coupled with wheel of first worm pair. Worm of first worm pair is installed for axial displacement and is connected with clutch member, and clutch second member is installed on input shaft of two-speed reduction gear.
EFFECT: increased load-lifting capacity without increasing motor power owing to reduction of lead screw.
FIELD: devices for maintenance and storage of wheeled vehicles and agricultural equipment, in particular, sowing equipment.
SUBSTANCE: supporting-and-hanging apparatus for sowing equipment has base, movable tine and immovable tine with locking member. Immovable tine is made in the form of pressure member-holder fixed on drill frame and equipped with slot and locking member for movable tine. Movable tine is pivotally connected to pressure member-holder and base. Length of movable tine is L≥R+h, where R is radius of wheel; h is distance from wheel to supporting surface (h=50-70 mm).
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced quick action in hanging of sowing equipment.
FIELD: railway transport.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mounted appliances designed for mobile repair machines, particularly, those used for repair of hatches of gondola cars. Frame 1 of mounted appliance is secured by means of brackets 2, 3 on carriage of mobile repair machine. Forklift 4 with horns is installed on frame 1 and also movable stop 5 with power cylinder 6, fixed stops 7 and locks 8 of forklift 4. Forklift 4 and power cylinder 6 are made detachable, basing, respectively, on platforms A and B of frame 1. Front plane of frame 1 is installed at angle to vertical position. In process of repair, appliance is suspended at preset height by moving the carriage and is fed to hatch of gondola car. Then forklift 4 catches hatch between movable stop 5 and fixed stops 6 and forces it out of gondola car in inclined position. Straightening of hatch is provided by force action of movable stop 5.
EFFECT: simplified design.
SUBSTANCE: jack comprises an air-proof chamber mounted into the telescope rest, guides opening and retuning the chamber and rest sections into a preset or initial position, a restrictor to limit the rest sections motion in whatever direction, a nipple for connection to compressed air supply and for release of air, a ridged plate for the car to rest upon. The jack can be connected to the compressor and can be made integral with it, in either split or permanent joint version. The said compressor can be connected to the car dash panel lighter.
EFFECT: ease of use, manufacture, repair and servicing of the car.
5 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for vehicle self-drawing contains movable traction element. One end of traction element is mounted on vehicle frame and is connected with power drive. Its other end is connecter with working element interacting with position regulator of working element. The device is fitted under vehicle frame. Power drive is executed as hydraulic with double-acting hydraulic cylinders. Traction element is made as multilink articulation linkage of parallelogram type. Center pivot axis of first links of the said mechanism is rigidly mounted on frame. The said links are extended beyond central pivot in direction opposite to working element. Link ends are pivotally connected with hydraulic cylinders rods directed toward each other in mechanism plane. Link bodies are pivotally connected with frame. Working element is positioned with possibility of self-installation in transport and working position in the body mounted on the axis of central pivot of the last link of parallelogram linkage. Transport position regulator of working element is made as tilted plate with central slot and chamfers. Working element is provided with cone head to interact with mentioned above slot.
EFFECT: vehicle flotation improvement.
2 cl, 18 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed support incorporates fixed outside tubular body housing inner tube translating there inside. The aforesaid outside tubular trough-shaped body has U-shaped section with its bends' ends furnished with two flanges coming outward parallel to the U-shaped section back. Open part of the said U-shaped section is closed by rear wall (15) to form a guide duct for the aforesaid inner tube (13).
EFFECT: simpler design.
9 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wheeled truck platform comprises a base accommodating platform floor and sides. Crane-manipulator (14) is mounted on the platform floor nearby the front side. The platform base is linked up with holder (22) arranged behind crane-manipulator (14) and accommodating the shaft with outrigger fitted thereon. The crane-manipulator is shifted to the platform lateral side under which the said outrigger is mounted. Aforesaid holder is furnished with supports representing the plates welded thereto to form feet with holes to mount the ladders. Note that the support posts are attached to the platform base lengthwise beams to form eyelets for the ladders to be mounted.
EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.
2 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).
EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: at first and second stages of motion, length of supports (2) and (3) is varied. At the same time the chassis length is changed. Also combined bearing (13) is used to vary angular position of chassis components relative to each other. All aforesaid changes are coordinated in time and size to ensure smooth translation of truck cabin (4) along horizontal line.
EFFECT: improved smoothness of truck cabin motion.
4 cl, 3 dwg