Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, to designs of greenhouses with heating system. In the greenhouse, including a translucent cover and installed above-ground heating system, made in the form embedded in the ground, hollow rods connecting the subsurface zone with the atmosphere, in the subsoil zone create a closed cavity and set it lower ends of the hollow rods. Part of the rods connected to the atmosphere under the floor, and some beyond. The height of the hollow rods under the floor to the height of the rods beyond. The lower ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere under the floor, the shorter ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere outside. This improves the efficiency of use of ground heat. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, to designs of greenhouses with heating system.

Known greenhouse, including a translucent cover and above-ground heating system as embedded in soil cores (A. C. the USSR 1055419, 1595396, CL 01 And G 9/14). The disadvantage of this greenhouse is its low efficiency is soil moisture.

The closest in technical essence is a greenhouse, comprising a translucent cover and installed underneath the above-ground heating system, made in the form embedded in the ground, hollow rods connecting the subsurface zone with the atmosphere (RF Patent 2127036, CL 01 And G 9/14/, 9/24).

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is its low efficiency. This is because the duration of freezing temperatures that occur in the spring, during the day, slightly - 2-3 hours. During this time the soil is not sufficient allocation vaporous moisture, and therefore heat, as its passage through the soil pores meets with great resistance. Therefore, to achieve the desired result requires the installation of a large number of hollow rods, which occupy a significant part of the usable area of the greenhouse.

The present invention is to increase the efficiency of use of ground heat.

This task is achieved by the fact that in the greenhouse, including a translucent cover and installed above-ground heating system, made in the form embedded in the ground, hollow rods connecting the subsoil zones is her in this part of the rods connect with the atmosphere under the translucent cover, and some beyond. The height of the hollow rods, acting under a translucent coating to the height of the rods protruding beyond. The lower ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere under the translucent coating, thinner ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere outside.

The novelty of the proposed technical solution is that as the battery heat in the greenhouse closed subsurface cavity is connected with the atmosphere hollow rods, in different temperature conditions.

The greenhouse (Fig.1) consists of a translucent cover 1, which is installed underground heating system 2 made in the form of a closed cavity 3 that is installed under the soil layer 4. A closed cavity 3 is connected with the atmosphere hollow rods 5 and 6. Moreover, the rods 5 connected closed cavity 3 with the atmosphere under the translucent cover 1 and the rods 6 beyond.

The lower ends 7 and 8 of the rods 5 and 6 are installed in a closed cavity 3, with the lower end 7 of the rod 5 connecting the closed cavity 3 with the atmosphere, require its limits.

The hollow rod 5 under the translucent cover has a top end 9 that is located higher than the upper end 10 of the hollow rod 6 located behind a translucent coating.

The placement of the lower and upper ends of the hollow rods 5 and 6 with the specified position relative to each other in height allows to intensify the process of exchange.

Greenhouse operates as follows. In the daytime the temperature outside of the translucent cover 1 lower the temperature under the floor, but higher than the temperature of the closed cavity 3. Therefore, the process of air exchange will be of low intensity, with the airflow under the floor. In night the air temperature outside of the translucent cover 1 becomes lower than under the translucent cover 1 and below the temperature of the closed cavity. Consequently, the movement of air through the pipes is activated and under the translucent cover starts flowing warm air to the closed cavity that is displaced by the incoming cold air. This prevents lowering of the temperature of the air under the glass floor below the 0oC.

1. Greenhouse, vkluchaya in the ground, hollow rods, connecting the subsurface zone with the atmosphere, characterized in that in the subsoil of the area is closed, the cavity, which has the lower ends of the hollow rods, with the rods located under the transparent cover, and some beyond.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the height of the hollow rods located under the transparent cover, the height of the rods located outside.

3. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the lower ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere under the translucent coating, thinner ends of the rods connecting the closed cavity with the atmosphere outside.

 

Same patents:

Greenhouse agromet // 2186483
The invention relates to agricultural machinery

Greenhouse // 2185722
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, cultivation facilities for growing crops

The invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for growing plants, fish and birds

The invention relates to a power system and can be used in heating greenhouses

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in greenhouses when caring for plants and during harvest

The invention relates to a power system, can be used in heating greenhouses

The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to a furnace for growing fodder microalgae spirulina, plantensis

The invention relates to temperature control in the greenhouse or cold frame

Greenhouse // 2185722
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, cultivation facilities for growing crops

The invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for growing plants, fish and birds

Shelter // 2183922
The invention relates to a cover, in particular, for the beds, and folding and portable protective cover, for example, for recreation, trade and tourism

Collapsible shelter // 2181538
The invention relates to agricultural structures and can be used for growing plants

Greenhouse // 2172582
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, devices greenhouse for growing plants for small farming, gardening and household farms

The invention relates to agriculture

Saving greenhouse // 2165690
The invention relates to a device for crop production in greenhouses

The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to methods for securing thin materials used in the field of protected ground, in particular in the construction of greenhouses for growing vegetables

Greenhouse // 2157617
The invention relates to agricultural structures and can be used for growing plants in greenhouses

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Up!