The module cover (options) securing the sheet to be combined with a decorative coating (options) and the method of mounting the cover

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for use in flooring. Offered relatively thin flexible retaining sheet, mounted under carpets or other decorative coatings, and the module cover, consisting of pre-bonded decorative coating and fixing sheet, which can be collected by overlaying the mounting system of hooks and loops for the extension of coverage to create a complete covering for a floor covered with carpet, tile, facing of stone or other material, and this coating is not attached to the floor. Also suggested floor, temporarily covering the hooks to prevent premature binding of the hooks with the loops that are part of the fastening system, and method of installation of the coating. Provided for easy removal and installation of modules coating, giving the structure a sufficient mass and stability while eliminating the need to attach to the base. 7 C. and 13 C.p. f-crystals, 27 ill.

The invention relates to a relatively thin elastic fixing sheets designed for use under rugs and other decorative coatings. In practice, XTE one functional element and to give solidity and stability to this element in particular, the element having elastic decorative covering, such as carpet. Fixing the sheet may be coated on one side with hooks for fixing decorative coating by coupling hooks and a complementary loops located on the underside of the cover. By itself, the fixing sheet can be attached to the underneath basis, such as the floor or the wall, or he could lie on the floor, if the sheet and the coating together have sufficient mass or placed as to prevent their displacement. You can release the locking sheets in the form of small or large modules with a pre-attached decorative covering, as will be described below.

Usually decorative elastic coverings, such as carpets, attached to the rigid foundations under them, such as wooden floors or concrete. It is often desirable or even necessary to attach the carpet to the floor, and in recent years we developed many ways this attachment.

The carpet can be glued directly to the floor. This is often done in institutions where the underlying Foundation is concrete, and the liquid adhesive is applied over the entire concrete area, which will lay the floor. This approach has the will to bend. Of course, change the position of the carpet or replace the carpet will be difficult, since you have to tear off the previously applied adhesive from the floor and apply a new one. In addition, such adhesives often contain volatile organic components, which in some places is forbidden to use, or for their use requires special ventilation.

Another approach to the placement of carpet from wall-to-wall" intends to use "strip without brackets", which are wooden strips with angled wide-headed nails, upward through these bands. Strips reinforce the perimeter of the area to be covered with carpet, they are often nailed to the wooden floor and carpet stretch on these brackets. This method has the advantage that the carpet can be stretched repeatedly to remove the resulting curves, and the carpet and the base, which is not attached to the floor, can be removed without damaging the carpet. However, stretching is a hard work that requires skill, and placement of coverage "wall to wall" is a very costly operation. This method also avoids the use of volatile organic compounds, but some difficulties may arise when Montt is repleni type "Velcro", which are described in the patent literature: see German patent 7029524 (August 8, 1970); U.S. patent 3574019 (April 6, 1971); the United Kingdom patent 1546901 (31 may 1979); U.S. patent 4822658 (18 April 1989 ); U.S. patent 5191692 (9 March 1993); U.S. patent 5382462 (17 January 1995); and U.S. patent 5479755 (2 January 1996). Descriptions of all of these patents are mentioned here for information.

In U.S. patent '658 by the same author describes the installation of "wall to wall", in which the strip with hooks attached by adhesive, bonding with pressure, on the perimeter of the room and on the joints of the carpet. Carpet with loops on the bottom surface, cut on the size of the room, and loops are concatenated with tape having hooks. In U.S. patent '692 describes the connection method of the carpet, similar to the method according to U.S. patent '658. Both of these descriptions also reveal the benefits of using tape covering the hooks, of which the main advantage is that this tape to prevent premature coupling of the hooks and loops, and it allows you to properly place the carpet and to correct it, and not have to unhook prematurely locking hooks and loops during installation.

This known method has the same advantages as the mounting strips on perimenis to use as glue volatile compounds.

From U.S. patent US 4 069 649 A, class 32 In 3/02, 10.03.1987 known module cover to obtain a decorative surface, which includes at least one decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, the retainer sheet having a top surface, the coating and fixing the sheet each module attached to each other. These elements are displaced relative to each other, forming open areas on two edges of each of the elements. When you commit these modules open areas overlap each other to form a modular floor.

From the United Kingdom patent GB 1546901 And, CL And 47 G 27/00, 31.05.1979 known module cover containing the retainer sheet having a top surface and a decorative covering attached to the retainer sheet having a decorative finished upper surface and a lower surface, the said elements are connected by a fastener "Velcro" (hooks-loop).

From the same patent known and mounting method of coating, comprising the following operations: selecting a fixing sheet, coated on one side with hooks, installation of decorative coating, coated on one side with hinges on the locking sheet.

These technical problems are solved due to the fact that according to the invention, the module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules to obtain a finished decorative surface includes at least one decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, while fixing the sheet shall be of such dimensions that the upper surface of the clamping plate is generated plot overlay, open along one edge of the module, and the plot is attached to the open area of the overlay on the bottom surface decorative coating adjacent module.

Preferably the module cover has an additional plot overlay, which is an open area on the fixing sheet along the second edge of the carpet module.

The technical problem is also solved due to the fact that according to the invention, the module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules to obtain a finished decorative surface includes at least one decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, and in the module fixing sheet shall be of such dimensions that formed the plot overlay on the bottom surface decorative coating, open along one edge of the module, plot overlay has a means for attaching with the possibility of release of such module to an adjacent module by attaching to the plot overlays on the upper surface is hydrated plot overlay being an open area on the decorative covering along a second edge of the carpet module.

Preferably in the module cover means for attaching with the possibility of release in areas overlapping the retaining sheet and decorative covering are one part of a complementary system by attaching hooks and loops, mainly covering area of the overlay on the locking sheet, which part should correspond to the complementary second part of this system of hooks and loops on the area of overlap on the adjacent decorative surface.

Preferably also in the module cover has a temporary cover for an area of overlap in order to prevent the attachment of such module to an adjacent module up until the module and the adjacent module will not be provided in the desired position relative to each other, in which the temporary covering, if necessary, can be a thin smooth sheet, which shall be of such dimensions to prevent premature coupling of the hooks and loops attachment system and which cannot communicate with either hooks or loops which are complementary to each other, and where the temporary on the t between complementary and interlocking hooks and loops of the decorative covering and fixing sheet, bonded together to destroy such communication on the site of such coverage, in order to allow re-adjustment of the decorative coating relative to the retainer sheet or one module relative to another.

In addition, preferably in the module covering the bottom surface of the fixing sheet has elastic lining, and the module cover, if desired, laid on the floor and, if desired, attached to adjacent similar modules so as to form a coating having sufficient mass and rigidity to remain in place on the floor without warping or movement during operation without attaching on the floor and in which the bottom surface of the fixing sheet is optionally equipped with non-slip coating.

Preferably in the module cover decorative and non-decorative coated retainer sheet have accurate dimensions and smoothly attached to each other so as to obtain a given area overlay retainer sheet and decorative covering so that when the retainer sheet first module is placed in position next to the adjacent second module, the decorative surface of the first module covers the second module by a given amount in a given otnosheniya the invention, a module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules to obtain a finished decorative surface, includes decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, and in which the cover and the retainer sheet are of such dimensions that formed the first sections of the overlay on the top surface of the fixing sheet, open along at least two adjacent edges of the module, and second areas overlap on the bottom surface of the decorative covering open along at least two edges opposite to the first parts of the overlay, what are the appropriate areas of overlap have first and second parts of the mounting system to attach with the possibility of release of this module adjacent to this module.

Preferably in the module cover has a temporary covering for hooks to plot overlay.

Also preferably in the module cover retainer sheet is covered on the lower side of the elastic layer substitutions for combining with a decorative coating, having a finished surface and the opposite surface is mainly covered with loops for the hard coating of the support base, and fixing the sheet consists of a thin flexible sheet, mostly covered on the surface with hooks to attach to the loops cover addressed to them, for placement between the cover and the carrier core, and the locking sheet mainly covers the carrier basis under the floor and has, in combination with coverage sufficient rigidity and weight to prevent warping of the coating across the surface of the coating, when the cover is attached to the fixing sheet and laid on the base and connected with the base at most a limited number of individual points.

Preferably the locking sheet has elastic layer covering the retainer sheet on the side opposite the surface with hooks.

Preferably the retainer sheet attached with the possibility of release to the carrier basis in a limited number of individual dots.

The technical problem is also solved by creating according to the invention the locking sheet to be combined with the decorative sheet covering having a back side, mostly covered betlemi fixing sheet, having a top side, mostly covered with hooks, located between the floor and the supporting Foundation, and the hooks are in engagement with ocalenia with hinges decorative sheet metal, one or more sheets are mounted one beside the other to basically cover the carrier basis under the floor, and the sheet and the coating together have sufficient rigidity to support the system against the forces of distortion on the floor, when the system is laid on the canvas.

Preferably the retainer sheet stacked on the carrier base, which is the floor made freely around the floor and, if desired, may have sufficient mass and rigidity to remain in place without attaching to the substrate.

The technical problem is also solved by creating according to the invention of the module cover, containing

(a) a relatively thin flexible retaining sheet with the upper surface of the fixing sheet, covered mainly by hooks;

(b) decorative covering attached to the fixing sheet having a decorative finished upper surface and the lower surface is covered mainly by the loops and the lower surface of a leaf through, at least some of the hooks and loops, so that the decorative coating on the fixing sheet partially covers the retainer sheet on pre-set values, which allows mutual coupling between the decorative covering and the specified fixing sheet adjacent module;

(C) a removable cover hooks coating on the upper surface of the retainer sheet to prevent premature attachment of the hooks on the upper surface of this fixing the sheet to the loops on the bottom surface lying on top of the decorative covering of the adjacent module.

Preferably in a module covering the bottom surface of the flexible retaining sheet covered with a shock-absorbing lining which covers the hooks coating, if desired, may be a thin hard plastic piece of a certain length and width, so that it corresponds to the area applying the fixing sheet and the adjacent decorative coating.

In addition, the technical problem solved by creating a method of mounting surfaces, which

(a) choose a fixing sheet, coated on one side with hooks;

(b) mount the decorative coating, mainly covered with odtu, to create an Assembly element with a superimposed exposed fixing sheet and decorative coatings;

(C) repeating steps (a) and (b) as necessary to create a set of Assembly elements of the decorative cover and retainer sheet having open areas retainer sheet and decorative coatings;

(g) temporarily cover at least part of the exposed retainer sheet;

(d) impose an open area of the decorative cover Assembly of elements created in step (C), the outdoor area specified fixing sheet, temporarily covered;

(e) remove temporary covering.

Preferably in the method, the step (b) requires that in the arrangement of parts in a certain relation to each other remained open areas along at least two edges of the Assembly element created in step (b).

Thus, according to the invention the individual modules formed by fixing sheet, and the individual modules that represent the floor, bind together, getting the carrier mass, which can "move freely" on the floor or connect with him on several points.

The present invention also consists in the fact that the decorative modules containing the retainer sheet and decorative covering, you can pre-assemble outside the building site by bonding with the possibility of removing parts of the hooks located on the top surface of the fixing plate, with part of the hinge, located on the lower side of the decorative coating, so that the decorative coating on the fixing sheet overlaps the retainer sheet by a certain amount. These pre-assembled decorative modules can then be transported to the construction site and individually, to place at the bottom of the base so that they are the first coating, representing one element, with hooks on the upper side fixing sheet adjacent decorative module. Each decorative module, added to the increasing surface coating unit, can be directed in the desired position by placing a thin hard plastic parts on top of naked hooks on the locking sheet is already installed decorative module. After alignment of the decorative module relative to the already installed module thin hard plastic parts pull of two modules, parallel to the horizontal plane, whereby adjacent modules are linked to each other through a system of hooks and loops. Thin hard plastic parts can also be used to detach the individual modules of the modular cover. Thin hard plastic part is inserted between the mechanically related parts of the lock formed by the hooks and loops of the adjacent modules, parallel to the horizontal plane, whereby violate the mechanical coupling of the hooks and loops to come into contact with each other, and this allows you to move and delete elements from the modular surface covering.

In sootvetsvenno assembled on the site by combining different colors or patterns decorative coating of the same type, for example, by alternating elements of the red and blue of the carpet or by combining different types of decorative covering, such as carpet and wood flooring in hotels, restaurants or dance halls, or a combination of carpet, wood, ceramic or stone in the home environment. Usually, such a continuous coating should have sufficient stiffness and mass, in order not required to attach the cover to the base. In some cases, attaching the fixing sheet in several individual points may be required, for example, when the coated surface is a wall.

Below follows a description of embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows the locking sheets in the first embodiment of the exercise system according to the invention, laid next to each other on the floor, and temporary jumper covering the hooks, cover adjacent joints, and remove them to bind the sheets together.

In Fig. 2 shows a sectional clamping the sheet laid on the floor, and the sheet is covered with a separate removable elements, covering the hooks on the border of A-A.

In Fig.3 shows a section along the line 3-3 of sheets according to Fig.1 with connecting t is depicted in Fig.1.

In Fig.5 shows a section along the line 5-5 of coverage for Fig.4.

In Fig.6 shows a pre-mounted carpet together with locking sheet laid in adjacent to each other and connected by folding parts on the floor.

In Fig.7 shows a section along the line 7-7 of coverage for Fig.6.

In Fig. 8 shows an alternative embodiment of the invention, in which a single strip of carpet form bridges between adjacent to each other with the locking plates.

In Fig.9 shows a section along the line 9-9 variant according to Fig.8.

In Fig.10 shows another arrangement of the fixing sheet and a carpet with a decorative pattern.

In Fig.11 shows a carpet a limited area, mounted on the fixture sheet edge.

In Fig.12 shows a section along the line 12-12 variant according to Fig.11.

In Fig. 13 shows another variant implementation - fixing sheet and the elements have on him, decorative coating, which was not created from modular elements.

In Fig.13A shows another variant of the clamping sheet and laid to overlap the elements of the decorative coating, the pre-fixing sheet, with the upper surface mostly covered with hooks and optional lining on the underside of the clamping sheet.

In Fig.15 shows the module of the decorative covering having an upper surface with decorative trim, and the bottom surface mostly covered with loops.

In Fig.16 shows one covering module of the modular surface covering having a decorative coating, just attached to overlap with the possibility of release to the fixing sheet via the connection of the hooks with the loops.

In Fig.17 shows a section along the line 17-17 module according to Fig.16.

In Fig. 18 shows two pre-assembled module cover, laid end-to-end and overlapping the lower base.

In Fig. 18a shows the three pre-mounted module cover, laid end-to-end and overlapping the lower base, and the fourth module of the coating is in the process of installation.

In Fig.19 shows a portion of the finished modular surface covering.

In Fig.20 shows in section two of the module cover, stapled together.

In Fig.21 shows another arrangement of the modular surface covering consisting of modularity, representing a decorative pattern with artificial dividers separating the elements of the mosaic carpet.

In Fig. 23 shows a decorative separator used in the embodiment of Fig.22.

In Fig.24 shows one of the ways in which the module cover, assembled as shown in Fig.22, may be delivered to the site.

In Fig.25 shows another arrangement of the modules of the coating, which provides an alternative to the arrangement which is shown in Fig.22.

Referring to the drawings, it is seen that the first variant of implementation of the retainer sheet 1 illustrated in Fig.1, is adjacent to each other clamping the sheets 3 and 5. Each fixing sheet covered with hooks 7 of plastic or fiber, which is better visible in Fig.2 and 3 and which are similar to the hooks, which are currently used in conventional systems zippers, hooks/loops (Velcro). Covering elements 9, preferably of fabric, cover the hooks 7. As such a covering element can be used and the film. This covering element is better visible in Fig.2 and 3. To keep the hooks 7 in purity and to prevent premature adhesion to be mounting the top cover is compulsory cover strip 11 of a width And as shown in Fig.2, which establish the pre-cut slot 12 in the coating width And running along the boundary of each fixing sheet.

Although fixing the sheet can be supplied in rolls, as will be described below, in the embodiment of the invention according to Fig.1 it's just a sheet, for example, a rectangle measuring four by eight feet (1,2192 x 2,4384 m). It can be laid on the floor, and in the case of installation "wall to wall", if you want to cover the entire surface of the floor or other rigid base, such sheet may be a continuous element adjacent to each other of the clamping plates. As the sheet is covered with the covering elements 9 and the strips 11, it is possible to arrange and mount the carpet on this sheet without premature clutch hooks 7 with their complementary loops. The carpet is constructed, for example as described in U.S. patent 4822658, can be mounted on the fixture list.

However, when fixing the sheet impose a carpet, you may need to fixing the sheets were at least recorded among themselves or perhaps pre-attached to specific locations on the floor. To attach the retainer plates to each other, first of daring to each of the clamping plates, for example, 1 and 3, and replace the jumper 13 covering the hooks; this jumper covers the joint between adjacent locking sheets and provides the connection of the sheets to each other. The strip 13 can cover the joints between multiple locking plates. For example, in Fig.1, this band also covers the joint between the fixing sheets 8 and 10.

Fixing the sheets can also be attached to the floor on several plots as, for example, at point 14. Fixing sheet can be glued, attached belt with hooks, which are attached to the floor and which may be attached to the corresponding loops on the lower side fixing sheet, or they can be attached using double-sided adhesive tape, however, in most cases, the simplest form of attaching the retainer sheet to a rigid Foundation, in particular, if the basis is, for example, a wooden floor, is attaching the fixing sheet at certain points by means of nails or staples. Such individual points shown at number 14 in Fig.1, and in this case, it is desirable to have perforations, slits or holes in the sheet 9, covering the hooks that will allow you to beat the locking sheets, such as 1, 3, 5 etc. to the floor through the con is about to fixing sheet 1, 3, 5 and so on, and so after the top of the carpet cut and laid in place, covering the sheets can be removed and attach the top of the carpet to the fixture sheet. In addition, depending on the thickness and the fragility of the fixing sheets is desirable to make the pre-drilled holes in the fixture sheet.

Depending on the attachment, if it is used, fixing the sheet to the floor, fixing the sheets do not have to attach to each other when using the cover hooks jumper 13 during installation of the carpet.

Depending on where the joints of the lower carpet, you can leave the jumper 13 is attached to the fixing plates, because usually there is a large enough area to attach carpet to the fixing sheet under cover hooks the sheet 9. Optional in all cases to attach the retainer sheet to below the floor. Top carpet (not shown in Fig.1, 2 or 3) will provide additional mass and stiffness of the fixing sheets, which are firmly attached to each other so the top of the carpet. In this case, depending on the weight of the carpet and the rigidity of the fixing sheets, this combination can firmly be held in place surrounding g the LASS="ptx2">

In some cases, if the area rug is large enough, and depending on the structure below the floor, there is no need to attach to the floor even carpets limited area, as they may have sufficient mass to be held in place and not move around the floor. The issue of attachment to the floor carpets limited area and carpets from wall to wall" will also depend on whether these carpets on the locking plates furniture and other heavy objects.

In some cases, adjacent the locking plates, as shown in Fig. 1, will be installed under carpets, having a greater width than the locking sheet, so that the carpet 15 overlaps the retainer sheet, as shown in Fig.4. Loop 17 on the rear side of the carpet can be coupled with the hooks 7, when the sheet 9 is removed. For installation of the carpet 15 deploying from a roll,

imposing on fixing the sheets that covered completely covering the hooks coating 9. Now the carpet can be cut to fit, put in place and connect it with another roll of carpet before you will be attaching to the underlying locking sheet 1. In Fig.5 shows a cross section of the fixing sheet and the carpet is the dominant sheets 1 and 3. Fixing the sheets 1 and 3 can be attached to the floor, as previously described, and they can also be attached to each other by covering for hooks 13, which is the bridge to junction 17. After the cover 9 is removed, at least part of the fixing plate 1 and at least part of the clamping sheet 3 is now attached to the carpet 15 so that the carpet 15 is now a jumper to junction 17 between the retainer sheets 1 and 3, and associates such securing the sheets together. It is possible and in some cases even desirable to remove the crosspiece 13. However, this is not always necessary. As only remove at least the floor 9, the carpet and the locking sheet, irrespective attached to whether they are at the bottom of the base, form a continuous hard floor, with a relatively high strength, weight and stiffness, so that it will not bend in everyday use, even if not attached directly to the floor.

Himself retainer sheet, preferably made of a thin sheet of polycarbonate, polyethylene, polypropylene or polyester, preferably a thickness of from 10/1000 to 20/1000. The thickness can vary depending on the coating material and requirements in respect of the CSOs fiber or other polymer. Fixing the sheet may include a layer of foam material that provides elasticity. Hooks can be attached to the sheet in any convenient way, but the preferred methods are extrusion and co-extrusion.

Thus, fixing the sheets and the carpet together in many situations are sufficiently thin and flexible material that can be rolled into a roll. Due to this, the carpet in some embodiments of the invention can be pre-mounted on a fixing sheet, in which case it is easier to mount, as shown in Fig.6.

In this case, the carpet 19, mounted on the locking sheet 21 (as seen in Fig. 7), unfold the roll on the floor and cut off the part that is needed to close the space between the walls 23 and 24.

A segment of the Mat 19 and the locking sheet 21 are driven to the place in the same way as a piece of carpet 29 and the fixing sheet 31, but for the part adjacent to the wall 23, the additional section of the carpet can be cut or left as is, since the fixing sheet does not necessarily have to adjoin a wall.

The carpet came pre-wired (as best seen in Fig.7) on the hooks 25, covered with a coating for hooks 27. Most carpets rolled thus, will be mounted on the fixture sheet in factory conditions with overlap, as shown in relation to the cut carpet 29, so that the carpet gush from one side fixing sheet 31, and on the other side fixing sheet 31 itself is under the cut carpet 29. The combination of the carpet and the fixing sheet 29 and 31 then deploy from a roll so that it is adjacent to the segment of the Mat 19 and can be cut and fit in place, then cover the hooks of the cover 27 can be removed by pulling it upward, whereby Unscrew the lower part of the cut carpet 29, or in some cases, the coating 27 is pulled up and through the connection 33. Cut carpet 29 now firmly attached both to the locking sheet 21 and 31 and, as it blocks the connection 35 between them, he holds two fixing sheet together. You can now repeat this process, imposing extra roll of carpet on top covering the hooks of the cover 37, and remove this cover to attach the next adjacent segment of the carpet to the fixing sheet 31, and repeat this process again and again until such time as the room will not be covered with carpet and fixing sheet, abrazos the AMB on exposed areas, where the hooks of the fixing sheet and covering the hooks floor not covered with pre-mounted carpet, as at 39 or 41. In this case, covering the hooks coating 27 or 37 may have perforations, slits or holes, so that the nails or staples passing through the cover hooks coverage will not attach covering the floor hooks to the bottom of the fixing sheet, and the coating can be removed as described previously. Attaching the retainer sheet to the floor, for example, the strips 39 and 41 should be sufficient in many, even most cases, especially when this attachment is combined with the fact that the decorative carpet also connects the securing sheets together into one.

In some situations it is preferable to mount the carpet on top of the retainer sheet at the factory. The factory can be cut to fit any number of equal segments carpets and mount them on the locking sheet, what you are doing and decorative purposes, and for the purpose of transporting segments of the carpet as a whole. Thus, as shown in Fig.6, you can use the insert, such as insert 43, which is for decorative purposes or to create a pattern repeated through defined is where it is refuelled have different colors or different pictures, that allows you to create an attractive pattern on the carpet.

In Fig.8 shows another view of the installation of the carpet. In this case, the carpet and the locking sheet will be supplied with factory sealed, however the carpet, such as carpet, 47, narrower than the locking sheet 48, so remain Nude sites hooks fixing sheet 49 and covering the hooks of the cover 50 is approximately the width, as shown in Fig.8; these areas are on both longitudinal edges. In this case, the carpet deploy and, if desired, attached to the floor. Another similar retaining sheet 51 on which is mounted carpet 52, unwrap and put butt to the fixing sheet 48 (seen in Fig.9). The retainer sheet 53 also develop and put butt to the retaining sheet 51. Fixing the sheets can be attached to the floor, for example, having beaten their nails through the lines 55, 57, 59 and 61, as at this stage of the installation of these areas do not contain carpeting. The jumper is in the form of a strip 63 may be adjusted according to the area not covered by the carpet 55 and 57 (the area marked by the letter D in Fig.9). After adjustment located at the bottom and covering the hooks of the cover 50 and 54 can be removed so that the piece of carpet 63 can be mounted on the fixture sheet in order to create a wash against the fixing sheet 53.

Usually this form of mounting is used in cases when it is necessary to have a strip of carpet 63, differing in color or pattern from the pieces of carpet 47 and 52, so as to make a decorative border around the individual sections of carpet 47 52-51. In this case, most likely, a picture or curb should also be done along the edges 65, and this can easily be done by mounting cut carpet 47, the size of which is less than the retainer sheet 48, so as to create a strip 65 of any desired thickness. This form of installation also allows to take into account individual differences of the room because the carpet is first assembled, and then cut off.

And again, you can attach the locking sheets 48 and 51 to the floor or by means of staples or by means of nails, or with additional hooks and loops, or (although this is not typically used) by gluing or by using double-sided adhesive tape.

In Fig. 10 shows another view of figure 67, containing a Central medallion 69 and angular segments 71, mounted on the locking sheet 73. In this case, fixing the sheets and pieces of carpet just join and attach to the floor of the small pieces of tape with hooks 75, which is usually covered hooks, pocti to attach the tape to the floor. Adhesive bonding under pressure, usually has a removable dry coating.

In this case, the carpet 67 and the locking sheet 73 can be attached in separate parts 75 on the corners, which may overlap adjacent pieces of carpet. Strips can also be used along the joints between, for example, pieces of carpet 67 and 79, but if you have to use multiple segments, it is usually used modular system lap joints, such as the system shown in Fig.19, since this helps to keep the joints in place and helps to solve problems related to the fact that different pieces of carpet can experience different loads, which leads to the destruction of joints. If you are using a modular system, then attach to the floor at certain points may not be needed.

The same picture can be obtained without attachment to the floor through the lap joints of the segment 79, for example, with the adjacent locking bar 73. In this case, of course, line 67 should be shorter.

One of the advantages of the system of the fixing sheets is that the carpet insert 69 and 71 can remove, replace, or mutually to replace, if you need different colors or designs, and similarly, as shown in Fig.6, stawk smery; drawings can be interchangeable so that you can convert pieces of carpet, for example, replacing the figure for boys drawing girls, or replace a picture, suitable for a living room, a figure that is suitable for bedroom or bathroom.

Another significant advantage is that the locking sheet must be attached only in a separate corner areas, for example, lining 75, as shown in Fig.10, however, pieces of carpet, 67, 69, 71 and 72, for example, attached throughout its bottom surface to the fixing sheet 73 so that the picture can be inserted or replaced at any point.

As shown in Fig.12, it is possible to make the Mat a limited area, in which a segment of carpet 81 mounted on the locking sheet 83 as best seen in Fig.12. Fixing the sheet 83 is bent or raised edge 85 which covers the open edges 87 of the carpet.

The locking sheet for such a carpet a limited area can be attached by nails or using hooks/loops (if the bottom surface of the fixing sheet covered hinges, and then mount using strips having respective hooks). In most cases, p is the ROI attach adhesive, the bonding pressing against the lower side fixing sheet 83, which corresponds to a small segment of the tape with hooks attached to the floor by adhesive bonding when pressed. In some cases, the area of the carpet that the carpet will be quite solid and stable and will not need to attach it to the floor at all. The need for attachment is reduced, for example, when fixing the sheet 83 has a non-slip surface on the bottom side. Using the described fixing sheet can be attached carpets limited area for floors made of granite, marble or stone, which in the past it was difficult to place carpets limited area. In addition, the carpet 81 may as carpets 67 and 19, have a picture of the inserts, and such drawings can be quite complex, for the first time allows relatively cheap carpets that may look like, for example, Oriental carpets, in which a large number of pieces of carpet can be mounted on representing one of the fixing sheet 83. You can even create a "patchwork" carpets or self-made carpets using segments carpet, mounted on pre-made fixing the sheet 83.

As shown in Fig.13, the locking logout to be for example, as a carpet mosaic, and, if they are installed to overlap, as shown in Fig.13, the fixing sheets 89 and segments carpets 91 it is possible to obtain a continuous array, which will be enough to create a stable structure without attachment to the floor. This applies especially to those cases where the segment 91 is not carpet, but the flooring or other hard decorative coating. If you want to attach the retainer sheet 89 to the floor, it's easy to do using staples or nails, or using the hooks/loops. In this case again it is preferable to have slits, perforations or openings 93 in the tape coating 95 (if such a coating is used), the fixing sheet can be attached to the floor before removing the cover, covering the hooks, and not attach it to the floor, covering the hooks to the floor.

In Fig. 13A shows a pattern similar to the variant according to Fig.13, except that the figure has a modular structure, so that, for example, the elements of the cover 91 and the locking sheet 89 you can create up to build the coverage. One type of such elements, which we call modules coating described below.

As shown in the Fig is a first top surface, covered in large part by the hooks 97, if desired, the lower surface 98 may be underlying layer, and a decorative covering 99 intended for placing on top of the retainer sheet having a decorative finished in the top surface 100 and the lower surface mostly covered with loops 101. These retainer plates and decorative coating pre-bonded to each other with the possibility of release (it was produced outside the site), along the surface of the well, as shown in Fig. 17, so that the plot hooks left open (In-In), while some loops from the bottom of the decorative covering also left open (C-C). Covering segments (not shown), preferably made of fabric, can cover up the hooks 97, but they are not necessary in those cases, when using a temporary surface 106, as shown in Fig.18. In some cases it is desirable to use covering segments in order to prevent the ingress of dirt to the surface with hooks before Assembly.

These pre-assembled modules cover then transported to the place and, as shown in Fig.18 and 18a, are placed below the base one by one, back to back to what customs 97 on the upper surface of the fixing sheet adjacent module cover. As shown in Fig 18, each module covering 105 added to the growing surface coating unit is routed to a desired location by applying a thin hard plastic segments 106 on the exposed areas of the hooks of the clamping worksheet specific module cover 107. Hard pieces of plastic allows you to place and fit the item, not allowing the hooks and loops prematurely to hook into the editing process. After the loops on the bottom side of the decorative covering one module cover lined with hooks on the upper surface of the fixing sheet adjacent module cover slim hard pieces of plastic pull out, moving them parallel to the horizontal plane, and two elements adjacent to each other, engage with each other through technology, hooks/loops.

Any covering the floor hooks (not shown) on the newly added module cover is then removed, preparatory to the addition of subsequent module cover. Thus, the step-by-step process of attaching the covering elements to the adjacent covering elements, connected mechanically through the hooks and loops, repeat, creating a continuous covering surface, as pokazatel modules application the coating is it is difficult to align them on large areas. The retainer sheet, preferably, should be accurately aligned with respect to the adjacent retainer sheet and decorative covering, preferably, should be in the same spot relative to the decorative coating of the adjacent module cover. If the segments A-a, b-b or C-C (as shown in Fig.17) is displaced even by a small amount, this value is multiplied by a set of modules will lead to uneven floor surfaces. Thus, if the locking sheet and decorative covering is not aligned exactly on the module cover, it will not be possible to easily mount the system overlap. In practice, it is necessary that these modules have been pre-attached very accurately relative to each other, as shown in Fig. 17, preferably pre-assembled in the factory using machines that will allow you to accurately align the modules. You can also use the template to align the decorative cover relative to the retainer sheet.

One of the advantages of this form of mounting is that you can create an unlimited variety of patterns. Decorative coating or modules of the entire coverage of Moav. Any picture can be inserted if you use standard sizes, designs can be used interchangeably. For example, you can mount the elements of carpet in different colors to create a unique pattern on the carpet, or take a combination of different types of modules covering, such as carpet and flooring, or ceramic or marble tiles can be combined and subsequently replaced to get other unique combinations.

To simplify this process, a thin hard pieces of plastic, described above, can also be used for removing individual elements of the modular surface covering. Slim hard pieces of plastic inserted between mechanically connected parts of the mounting in the form of hooks/loops, which is bonded to two adjacent to each other element, parallel to the horizontal plane, whereby broken mechanical coupling and prevents contact between the hooks and loops, allowing you to move and delete the item from the modular surface covering.

Another advantage is that in most cases, due to the mass of decorative coatings and rigidity of the fixing sheet, when these two elements are attached to each other, modular patriciates coverage, to the adjacent clamping plates, firmly held in place without attaching to the base. However, if you want to attach the selected modules cover to the base, as, for example, for covering walls, this can be done using staples, nails, glue, or using the technology of hooks and loops. The bare area of the fixing sheet module cover, which will be connected via hooks/loops with the following added adjacent module, can be used to attach to the base using staples. This exposed area is then covered with a decorative coating adjacent module cover. Such separate points of attachment using staples shown at number 108 in Fig.16, 18, 19 and 21. Attaching the retainer sheet to the base at points 108 or even fewer points will be sufficient in many cases, or even in most cases. Depending on the thickness and the fragility of the fixing sheets may be a need for pre-drilled holes in the fixture sheet. In this case again it is desirable to have slits, perforations or holes (not shown) covering the ribbon (not shown), the fixing sheet can be attached to the floor before at the opening.

In Fig. 22, 23 and 24 shows additional carpet or ceramic mosaic pattern, where modules used cover 110, as shown in Fig.24. These modules cover composed of a fixing sheet 112 and mosaic or decorative coating 114, which may be a ceramic tile or carpet, or any other suitable material. Usually tile or decorative coating 114 and retainer sheet 112 pre-attached to each other at the factory with high accuracy, as shown in the figure. If mosaic or decorative coating contains a loop at its lower surface, and the locking sheet contains hooks on its upper surface, detaching and reattaching can, if necessary, to carry out on the spot. To create a permanent connection between the mosaic 114 and retainer sheet 112 can use glue, bonding tightly, or you can apply a temporary connection with the properties of hooks/loops (i.e. you repeatedly dock and undock elements).

If the connection is made by means of hooks/loops, the locking sheet 112 should be covered with hooks similar to the hooks 97 in Fig.14 and 18, and the lower side of the mosaic Dolo Fig. 22, overlaps the fixing sheets 112, 118, 120 and 122, communicates with them, and helps to link these clamping the sheets together. If the mosaic is a carpet tile, these tiles as 114, 116, and others, including the Central mosaic element 124, can be obtained by cutting by color large areas of carpet. In this case, obtained dividing sections 126, similar to stained cement the gaps between the tiles shown in Fig.23. If you cut other carpets contrasting colors, these elements can be used in conjunction with other elements of similar form, cut from such carpets. This element 126, if it is from a carpet used for the manufacture of mosaic elements 114 or 124, set aside for use in another pattern, and the pattern will include a new item (not shown) of the same shape, the element 126 (taken from the cut carpet in a contrasting color).

Using such decorative dividers, as the separator 126, it is possible to minimize such areas, where there are the same color. If to draw attention to the contrasting color of the element 126, the less will be visible to any defects that may occur when you meet straight on is that there are only, for example, in elements 125 in Fig.23 or 119 in Fig.25. You can use elements of three or more colors to eliminate areas where there are the same colour, which can create difficulties in the subsequent coupling. In Fig.25 shows another variant in which, for example, mosaic 128 is placed on the fixture sheet 134. The picture is similar, but a mosaic or decorative coating has a different orientation in relation to the fixing of the sheet 134. In this case, the mosaic element 128, for example, gush fixing sheets 130 and 134, but fixing the sheets 134 and 136 are attached medallion 132 and insert 126, as shown in Fig.23, which is not yet mounted in the embodiment of Fig.25.

When the mosaic elements, such as 114 or 128 are ceramic tile, you can place them relative to the locking sheet so that the space between, for example, the mosaic elements 114, 116 and medallion 124 is smaller than the space shown in Fig. 22, and then the elastic element, simulating a "coating" of tiles, for example, rubber seal, can be driven into the space between the mosaic elements to simulate a real morter, or rubber seal can be Sticna tape can be mounted even in advance on the mosaic before assembling these modules cover, as the module 110. Additionally, you can even use a real coating directly applied in the gaps between the mosaic elements.

Fixing sheet according to the present invention in various embodiments provides a great variety when installing decorative coverings or carpets that have hooks and loops, described in U.S. patent 4822658 name Recope. Using modules covering in which the decorative covering and fixing the sheet fasten in advance, you can limit the area of the attachment area, where are lapped exposed parts, and use adhesives that allow you to detach and re-attach details, or hooks and loops in such open areas. The fixing sheets carpets and other decorative coating can be easily mounted to almost any surface without destroying itself this surface, and in many cases they can be pre-assembled at the factory, so the carpets or other decorative coating can only be attached to the base, if it is at all necessary, in several separate sections.

This eliminates the need to remove the base, such as a carpet or wooden floor, and CTD as carpeted floor, because the old carpet just close the new decorative coating. Further, using the present invention it is possible to save valuable floor covering, such as marble, undamaged, so it can be used in the future, but temporarily cover it so the floor as carpet or tile.

Although in this description have been disclosed to the individual embodiments of the present invention, it is assumed that the invention encompasses all variations and combinations stipulated by the claims.

1. A module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules to obtain a finished decorative surface comprising at least one decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, while retaining sheet has such regmodule, the plot overlay has a means for attaching with the possibility of release of such module to an adjacent module by attachment to an open area overlay on the bottom surface decorative coating adjacent module.

2. Module coverage under item 1, which has an additional plot overlay, which is an open area on the fixing sheet along the second edge of the carpet module.

3. A module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules to obtain a finished decorative surface comprising at least one decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, and in the module fixing sheet shall be of such dimensions, that formed the plot overlay on the bottom surface decorative coating, outdoor along one edge of the module is the module by attaching to the plot overlays on the upper surface of the fixing sheet adjacent module.

4. Module coverage under item 3, in which there is an additional plot overlay, which is an open area on the decorative covering along a second edge of the carpet module.

5. Module coverage under item 1 or 3, wherein the means for attaching with the possibility of release in areas overlapping the retaining sheet and decorative covering are one part of a complementary system by attaching hooks and loops, mainly covering area of the overlay on the locking sheet, which part should correspond to the complementary second part of this system of hooks and loops on the area of overlap on the adjacent decorative surface.

6. Module coverage under item 5, which has a temporary cover for an area of overlap in order to prevent the attachment of such module to an adjacent module up until the module and the adjacent module will not be provided in the desired position relative to each other, in which the temporary covering, if necessary, can be a thin smooth sheet, which shall be of such dimensions to prevent premature coupling of the hooks and loops attachment system, and which cannot communicate with any truck is but if necessary, sufficiently hard and thin, so it can be pushed between complementary and interlocking hooks and loops of the decorative covering and fixing sheet fastened together to destroy such communication on the site of such coverage, in order to allow re-adjustment of the decorative coating relative to the retainer sheet or one module relative to another.

7. Module coverage under item 5, in which the bottom surface of the fixing sheet has elastic lining, and the module cover, if desired, laid on the floor and, if desired, attached to adjacent similar modules so as to form a coating having sufficient mass and rigidity to remain in place on the floor without warping or movement during operation without attachment to the floor, and in which the bottom surface of the fixing sheet is optionally equipped with non-slip coating.

8. Module coverage under item 1 or 3, in which the decorative and non-decorative coated retainer sheet have accurate dimensions and smoothly attached to each other so as to obtain a given area overlay retainer sheet and decorative covering so that when fixereasily overlaps the second module by a given amount and in a predetermined relation to the decorative coating of the second module.

9. A module cover for transportation to the coated surface and for attaching additional modules for the finished decorative surfaces, including decorative covering having an upper decorative surface and an opposite bottom surface, bearing in itself the first part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, non-decorative retainer sheet having a top surface, carrying the second part of the mounting system of hooks and loops, and the floor and the fixing sheet each module attached to each other by means of a fixing system of hooks and loops, and in which the cover and the retainer sheet are of such size, that formed the first sections of the overlay on the top surface of the fixing sheet, open along at least two adjacent edges of the module, and the second areas overlap on the bottom surface of the decorative covering open along at least two edges opposite to the first parts of the overlay, what are the appropriate areas of overlap have first and second parts of the mounting system to attach with the possibility of release of this module adjacent to this module.

10. Module coverage under item 9, which has vremeni coated on the underside with a layer of elastic lining.

12. Fixing the sheet to be combined with a decorative coating having a finished surface and the opposite surface is mainly covered with loops for the hard coating of the support base, and fixing the sheet consists of a thin flexible sheet, mostly covered on the surface with hooks to attach to the loops cover addressed to them, for placement between the cover and the bearing base, and the locking sheet mainly covers the carrier basis under the floor and has, in combination with coverage sufficient rigidity and weight to prevent warping of the coating across the surface of the coating, when the cover is attached to the fixing sheet and laid on the base and connected with the base at most a limited number of individual points.

13. The retainer sheet under item 12, which has an elastic layer covering the retainer sheet on the side opposite the surface with hooks.

14. The retainer sheet under item 12, which is attached with the possibility of release to the carrier basis in a limited number of individual dots.

15. Fixing the sheet to be combined with the decorative sheet covering having a back side, mostly covered with loops, and shiroudi sheet, having a top side, mostly covered with hooks, located between the floor and the supporting Foundation, and the hooks are in engagement with ocalenia with hinges decorative sheet metal, one or more sheets are mounted one beside the other to basically cover the carrier basis under the floor, and the sheet and the coating together have sufficient rigidity to support the system against the forces of distortion on the floor, when the system is laid on the canvas.

16. The retainer sheet under item 15, which is placed on the carrier base, which is the floor, and made freely around the floor and which, if desired, may have sufficient mass and rigidity to remain in place without attaching to the substrate.

17. The module cover, comprising: (a) a relatively thin flexible retaining sheet with the upper surface of the fixing sheet, covered mainly by hooks; (b) decorative covering attached to the fixing sheet having a decorative finished upper surface and the lower surface is covered mainly by the loops and the bottom surface decorative coating made attachable with the possibility of Otrepiev decorative coating on the fixing sheet partially covers the retainer sheet to a preset value, allowing mutual coupling between the decorative covering and the specified fixing sheet adjacent module; (C) a removable cover hooks coating on the upper surface of the retainer sheet to prevent premature attachment of the hooks on the upper surface of this fixing the sheet to the loops on the bottom surface lying on top of the decorative covering of the adjacent module.

18. Module coverage under item 17 in which the bottom surface of the flexible retaining sheet covered with a shock-absorbing lining which covers the hooks coating, if desired, may be a thin hard plastic piece of a certain length and width so that it corresponds to the area applying the fixing sheet and the adjacent decorative coating.

19. The mounting method of the coating, in which (a) choose a fixing sheet, coated on one side with hooks; (b) mount the decorative coating, mainly covered on one side with complementary loops for fixing the sheet in a certain way towards fixing the sheet to create an Assembly element with a superimposed exposed fixing sheet and decorative covering; and (C) repeating sheet, having exposed areas of the fixing sheet and decorative covering; (d) temporarily cover at least part of the exposed retainer sheet; (d) impose an open area of the decorative cover Assembly of elements created in step (C), the outdoor area specified fixing sheet, temporarily covered; (e) remove temporary covering.

20. The method according to p. 19, wherein in step (b) requires that in the arrangement of parts in a certain relation to each other remained open areas along at least two edges of the Assembly element created in step (b).

Priority points:

19.07.1996 - PP. 1-11;

02.05.1997 - PP. 12-20.

 

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