The processing method of hatching eggs

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to poultry and veterinary medicine and can be used as an additional component of stimulation hatchability of Chicks in the incubator. Special processing is performed by exposure to eggs induced low-frequency electric field generated by or series of parcels of harmonic oscillations with the envelope in the form of a rectangular pulse or a sequence of bipolar pulses with constant during a single continuous exposure amplitude pulses. Simplicity, environmental cleanliness and reduction of the irradiation inkubiruemykh eggs contribute to improving the efficiency of production of young chickens. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 1 table.

The invention relates to poultry, in particular to the processing of eggs of birds, and can be used to activate the embryonic development of birds.

A method of processing eggs of birds by preincubation exposure to energy quanta of ultraviolet and visible light, resulting in the increase in hatchability of young animals (see Karapetyan S. and other Action preincubating UV radiation on the economic-130).

The disadvantage of this method is a great complexity, because the eggs need to handle the tray with the tray.

Closest to the present invention is a method of increasing the viability of poultry by preincubation handling eggs radiation of helium-neon laser and two germicidal lamps (see ed. St. 1804856, MCI And 01 To 45/00, publ. 30.03.93, bull. 12).

The disadvantage of this method is the complexity (you must use a laser and two germicidal lamps), and high complexity, since the eggs must be handled tray with the tray.

The technical task of the invention is to simplify and cheapen the technology incubation handling eggs.

The solution of the technical problem is achieved by the fact that incubation processing of eggs produced by exposure to eggs low-frequency electric field created or series of parcels of harmonic oscillations with the envelope in the form of a rectangular pulse or a sequence of bipolar pulses with constant during a single exposure pulse amplitude or envelope of the parcels of harmonic oscillations, the frequency of their repetition, their duration, casteth their route, their duration, the time interval of a single impact, the brevity of these single continuous effects depending on consumer important characteristics.

When exposed to induced low-frequency electric field generated by or series of parcels of harmonic oscillations with the envelope in the form of a rectangular pulse or a sequence of bipolar pulses during a single continuous exposure, establish a constant pulse amplitude, or envelope parcels of harmonic oscillations in the range of 0.5 to 120 kV/m, the frequency of their repetition in the range of 100-1000 kHz or 5-50 kHz, their duration in the range of 0.5 to 9.5 m/s or 0.01-0.15 m/s, respectively, the frequency of harmonic oscillations in the range of 5-25 kHz or 250-500 kHz, respectively.

An important feature of the proposed method is its simplicity, so as to simultaneously irradiate all the eggs that are loaded in the incubation Cabinet. In this regard, the processing of eggs according to the method can be performed repeatedly, combining it with the technological modes of incubation: immediately before the tab, on the 7th and 10.5 days at biological control and 18 days when porting to lead the cabinets (see Metodicheskie significant characteristics using embryonic development, the number of incubated eggs, the amount of blood rings and sadahiko.

The essential features that characterize the invention, are:

a) eggs prior to incubation stack trays; trays installed in the truck;

b) install the antenna unit on both sides of the truck;

C) effect on egg induced low-frequency electric field generated by a pulsed AC voltage, in the form of packages of harmonic oscillations or bipolar pulse field strength constant throughout the cycle of irradiation of the pulse amplitude or the amplitude of the envelope of the parcels of pulse amplitude or envelope of the assumptions of the field strength in the range of 0.5 to 120 kV/m; the pulse repetition frequency, parcels in the range 100-1000 Hz or 5-50 kHz; pulse duration, parcels of 0.5-9.5 m/s or 0.01-0.15 m/s, frequency of fill parcels 5-25 kHz or 250-500 kHz.

Ask a specific pulse frequency, parcels, a single continuous irradiation of the object of exposure, the number of such continuous exposures, the amplitude of the field strength at every single irradiation;

g) maintain the eggs in the incubator at the desired operating modes.

zirovanii low-frequency electric field, created by a pulsed alternating voltage in the form of packages of harmonic oscillations or bipolar pulse field strength constant throughout the cycle of irradiation of the pulse amplitude or the amplitude of the envelope of the parcels of pulse amplitude or envelope of the assumptions of the field strength in the range of 0.5 to 120 kV/m; pulse repetition frequency, parcels in the range 100-1000 Hz or 5-50 kHz; pulse duration, parcels of 0.5-9.5 m/s or 0.01-0.15 m/s; frequency fill parcels 5-25 kHz or 250-500 kHz.

Ask a specific pulse frequency, parcels, a single continuous irradiation of the object of exposure, the number of such continuous exposures, the amplitude of the field strength at each single exposure.

More generalized with respect to the corresponding operations of the prototype method is to replace the impacts on eggs by laser irradiation special treatment effects in a certain way formed an induced electric field.

These new operations determine the novelty of the proposed method.

Implementation of the proposed method is available at present on the basis of existing technical means (especially with the th low-frequency high-voltage electric field, created by a sequence of bipolar rectangular pulses with harmonic filling for handling eggs.

Processing is performed to increase the hatchability of eggs, chick, improving immunity birds and, consequently, reducing the incidence, growth, weight gain.

Variable (adjustable) parameters when creating fields are:

- amplitude (field strength),

the pulse repetition rate,

- pulse width,

- the duration of a single exposure (10 to 30 min),

- the valid time interval between treatment and location of eggs in the incubator.

In accordance with the method are assigned specific values for variables.

The electric field generated by a special device.

Device for handling eggs is a generator of the induced low-frequency high-voltage pulsed electric field with a set of antennas.

The number, dimensions and configuration of the antennas is determined by the amount of processed eggs.

With the device and between the plates are joined by special wires.

The device connects to the network is offered by a number of eggs.

To measure the electric field created by the device, use a special device consisting of a power supply and receiver.

Technical characteristics of the instrument: dimensions not more than HH mm; weight not more than 3.5 kg; the device is powered from the mains voltage is 220 V; power consumption - no more than 100 W; the range of variation of the amplitude (intensity) of the electric field - 0-25,0 kV/m; frequency pulse - 100-1000 Hz; pulse duration of from 0.5 to 9.5 MS.

The mass-dimensional characteristics of the antenna are determined in accordance with the size of the incubator.

For minimum configurations antenna: dimensions - HH,5 mm; weight 0,2 kg

Characteristics relay time: dimensions 150x100x50 mm; weight - 0.3 kg; termination time - 10 min, 30 min; power is supplied from the mains voltage of 220 V and frequency of 50 Hz.

The apparatus is installed in the room where the processing of the eggs on a flat metal surface. Appliance must be grounded.

Processing is performed directly before laying eggs or not more than 8 h to bookmarks.

The apparatus is installed in the refrigerating chamber (or near it) shop incubation, plates ralee, between them (plate must not touch metal objects).

Example: an Industrial experiment on the processing of eggs by the electric field of the proposed method.

An industrial experiment conducted to determine the effect of processing eggs on the percentage of hatchability of Chicks at the stage of incubation.

1. Processing are 10 batches of eggs 6.5 thousand pieces in each batch (0.5 volume of the incubation Cabinet).

At the same time the second half of the Cabinet is filled with the eggs of the control of the party.

2. To ensure the reliability of testing results and the inspection lot for each tab are formed as follows:

- homogeneous batch of eggs received for incubation, is divided into two equal parts. The first half is marked as experienced by placing the appropriate labels on the trays, the second is the control.

Addition experimental and control of the parties to the desired size (6.5 thousand pieces) made from other homogeneous parties in equal proportion.

3. After the formation of the experimental and control parties experienced party for 12 hours before putting in the incubator is treated for 10 minutes in the proposed sposati. On each of the pledged party is a corresponding entry in the test Protocol.

5. The results of the experiment.

5.1. Counts conforming Chicks hatched in experiment (eCPCs) and control (KCPCs) parties.

5.2. Calculate the percentage of output in the i-th experimental and control parties:

< / BR>
< / BR>
where Oi, Ki- the size of the i-th experimental (control) party, respectively.

5.3. Determines the difference hatchability of Chicks in the experimental and control parties:

INi=OI-BKi(%).

5.4. Is determined by the average difference hatchability of Chicks in the experimental and control parties:

< / BR>
The results of the experiment are shown in table

Hatching eggs received from CJSC "Nekrasov poultry". Parents breed arbor Acres.

The average difference in hatchability of Chicks in the experimental and control parties is:

,

where Bithe difference in hatchability experience control on the i-th party, in absolute terms the difference in the chick when the experiment is:

< / BR>
The economic efficiency of the proposed method when the purchase price and 2% is:

additional amount:

7500000,2:0,76=20000 Chicks;

economic effect:

200003,8=76000 rubles/month.

Is an environmentally friendly, its implementation does not require sophisticated technical equipment.

1. The processing method of hatching eggs, including the irradiation of eggs field, wherein the special processing is carried out by exposure to eggs induced low-frequency electric field generated by or series of parcels of harmonic oscillations in the form of a rectangular pulse or a sequence of bipolar pulses with constant during a single continuous exposure pulse amplitude or envelope of the parcels of harmonic oscillations, the frequency of their repetition, their duration, frequency of harmonic oscillations, ask the pulse amplitude or parcels of harmonic oscillations, the frequency of their repetition, their duration, the time interval a single continuous exposure, the multiplicity of such continuous one-off effects in terms of consumer characteristics values.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that when exposed to induced low-frequency electric floor is mulsow, or a sequence of bipolar pulses during a single continuous exposure set constant amplitude pulse or envelope parcels of harmonic oscillations in the range of 0.5 to 120 kV/m, the frequency of their repetition in the range 100-1000 Hz or 5-50 kHz, their duration in the range of 0.5 to 9.5 m/s or 0.01-0.15 m/s, respectively, the frequency of harmonic oscillations in the range of 5-25 kHz, or 250-500 kHz, respectively.

3. The method according to PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that as a significant consumer characteristics using the development of embryos, number of incubated eggs, the amount of blood rings and sadahiko.

4. The method according to PP. 1-3, characterized in that the processing of eggs produced repeatedly, combining it with the technological modes of incubation: before laying on the 7th and 10.5 days at biological control and 18 days when migrating into lead-in wardrobes.

 

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SUBSTANCE: one should irradiate eggs before incubation with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density at eggs surface being 50 mW/sq.cm/sec, with red light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500, wave length being 630-650 nm, power at eggs surface being 23.1 erg and with ultraviolet from DRT-400 lamp at wave length being 185-400 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 20 merg in 3-min-long exposures.

EFFECT: higher resistance to pullorosis in poultry.

4 dwg, 4 tbl

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