A device for the treatment of yarns and threads
(57) Abstract:The device can be used in the textile, clothing and knitwear industries, light industry and helps reduce breakage and the hairiness of yarns and threads. The device comprises a means for applying the technology of the drug, which is made of a plate curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying technological preparation, which is a made along the axis of the helix cylindrical channel which is connected with the working surface of the helix holes. As a result of moving fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface results in an even distribution process of the drug on the surface of the yarn or thread. 3 Il. The invention relates to textile, clothing and knitwear sectors of light industry and relates to devices for processing of yarns and threads used in the manufacture of products for household and special purpose.A device that implements a method of processing threads of liquid finishing composition containing a funnel with a spray solution, the elastic tube and razresheniya degree application process of the preparation and the difficulty of maintaining the unit in a production environment, since the thread breakage difficult it refill.As a prototype adopted the device used for oiling the threads containing the means for applying technological preparation, consisting of a hollow casing with elastic processing chamber of the binder material, and means for supplying a binder. Elastic Luggage is filling her gusty balls and a tool for creating excess pressure inside the chamber, connected to the sealed annular cavity of the body (SU 1601242 A1, 23.10.1990).The disadvantage of the prototype lies in the uneven distribution of technological preparation over the entire surface of the thread. A binder is applied to the surface of the material due to the chaotic impact of balls. On the surface of the yarn treated in this way, remain loose fibers, which leads to frequent breakages of the yarn to the textile machine.The technical result of the invention is to reduce breakage and hairiness of yarns and threads due to the uniform distribution of the process of the drug on their surface.This technical result is achieved in that the device for the processing of yarns and threads containing means phenological drug made from plate, curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying process of the drug is a cylindrical passage along the axis of the helix and is connected with the working surface of the helix holes.Reduce breakage and hairiness of the treated fibrous product is a consequence of the uniform distribution of the process of drug on the surface of the yarn or thread, which is achieved by moving the fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface.In Fig. 1 presents a General view of the device for the processing of yarns and threads; Fig.2 - scheme of interaction between the fibrous product with the device of Fig. 3 - section a-a in Fig.1.The device comprises a stationary set sender 1, one end of the fixed 2 on the support 3. The other end 4 of the leader of the bent and is used for supplying the liquid process of the drug in the axial cylindrical channel 5. The leader is made of curved in the shape of a straight helix plate 6 of a thickness of 3...8 mm On the surface of the helix, which moves the treated fibrous product 7, there are openings 8 of the cylindrical formasi the drug in the required amount is supplied to the channel 5 of the sender 1 and is supplied to the surface of the helix through the holes 8. The composition of the process solution may be different depending on the purpose the treatment of textile material (emulsione, the elimination of static electricity, moisture and so on). Fibrous product 7 in the form of yarns or threads are sent to the working surface of the device to the rotational motion. When the movement of the textile material on the surface of the helical pattern of the sender by the application to it of technological medicine and improved friction and anti-static properties of the processed product. As a result of moving fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface results in an even distribution process of the drug on the surface of the yarn or thread. In addition, when the contact of the product with the sender is smooth separating from the yarn and gave it a fluffy fibers, resulting in decreased hairiness of the yarn, and its structural characteristics become stable.The application of the proposed device for the processing of yarn and threads compared to the prototype significantly improves their quality of surface and reduces breakage, which ultimately increases the product is oricheskogo of the drug and the means for applying technological preparation, characterized in that the means for applying technological medication made of a plate curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying process of the drug is a cylindrical passage along the axis of the helix and is connected with the working surface of the helix holes.
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, non-circular weaving equipment, for example, weaving units.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has shaft disposed between columns and adapted for carrying of rotary lever with rotating pressure roll, and spiral spring. Shaft is immovably fixed between flat columns attached by means of bolt-type protrusions to vertically arranged base. Spiral spring is mounted on shaft and spring ends are fixed on rotary lever and on one of columns. Shaft is made stepped and is equipped with basic end portions terminating in threaded parts. Flat columns have rectangular portions continued with bolt-type protrusions. Column arranged at the side of spring end has cylindrical opening for accommodation of rectilinear end of spring. Cylindrical recess provided in rotary lever hub aperture on its internal surface at the side of arrangement of spring is adapted for accommodation of rectilinear end of spring.
EFFECT: improved operating characteristics and operating conditions.
6 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: according to the method, broken thread exiting drafting device is soaked in solution, by means of its compaction, rove is formed, and formed rove is wound onto reels of cross winding, which are chemically treated and then processed into yarn. Broken thread is soaked with electrochemically activated aqueous solution with oxidation-reduction potential from minus 1000 mV to plus 1000 mV, acidity of 2-11 pH at the temperature of 16-40°C, and produced rove, not earlier than in 30 minutes after the formation, is processed into yarn.
EFFECT: faster process of rove formation and preparation for spinning, reduced power inputs from 4200 kJ/kg to 3 J/kg and water consumption for chemical treatment of rove, rejection of chemical agents, which makes it possible to reduce costs of recycling coming as a result of chemical treatment of rove by solutions, and elimination of bulk and expensive equipment for chemical treatment of rove.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the textile industry, in particular to flax spinning production, where, at the last manufacturing step, to produce flax yarn the semi-finished in the form of roving is used. The method of formation and preparing flax roving for spinning, according to which, broken thread exiting drafting device is soaked in electrochemically activated water solution with an oxidation-reduction potential from minus 1000 mV to plus 1000 mV and the acidity of 2-12 pH at the temperature of 16-40°C. And the wetting is carried out directly to the cavity of the chemical reactor designed for obtaining electrochemically activated water solution.
EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the time, to reduce energy and water consumption for chemical treatment of roving, refuse chemicals which can lead to lowering disposal costs resulting from chemical processing of roving, solutions.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves introducing foamed latex binder into formed yarn; providing thermal processing of resultant yarn; fully untwisting thermally processed yarn in direction opposite initial twisting direction; teasing untwisted yarn. Thermal processing of yarn comprising foamed binder ensures formation of maximal amount of bound portions at maximally compacted yarn structure to thereby facilitate in keeping of deformation properties of yarn upon further untwisting and teasing of untwisted yarn. With full untwisting of yarn, with bound portions being kept, cross section thereof is increased and density is reduced.
EFFECT: increased volume and improved thermal insulating properties of yarn.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile fabrics, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of cordage used in industrial fishing. Article is submerged into composition for treatment and pulled through it. Composition contains latex BSM-65 of A or B brand, wax emulsion VE-40, water and dye, if required. Then article is preliminarily dried at 40±5°C, the first stage of drying is carried out at 60±10°C for 16-18 minutes. The second stage is realised at 80±10°C for 16-18 minutes and thermally treated at 130±10°C for 1.5-3.5 minutes.
EFFECT: production of flexible, plastic and brightly coloured articles.
3 cl, 4 tbl