A device for the treatment of yarns and threads

 

(57) Abstract:

The device can be used in the textile, clothing and knitwear industries, light industry and helps reduce breakage and the hairiness of yarns and threads. The device comprises a means for applying the technology of the drug, which is made of a plate curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying technological preparation, which is a made along the axis of the helix cylindrical channel which is connected with the working surface of the helix holes. As a result of moving fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface results in an even distribution process of the drug on the surface of the yarn or thread. 3 Il.

The invention relates to textile, clothing and knitwear sectors of light industry and relates to devices for processing of yarns and threads used in the manufacture of products for household and special purpose.

A device that implements a method of processing threads of liquid finishing composition containing a funnel with a spray solution, the elastic tube and razresheniya degree application process of the preparation and the difficulty of maintaining the unit in a production environment, since the thread breakage difficult it refill.

As a prototype adopted the device used for oiling the threads containing the means for applying technological preparation, consisting of a hollow casing with elastic processing chamber of the binder material, and means for supplying a binder. Elastic Luggage is filling her gusty balls and a tool for creating excess pressure inside the chamber, connected to the sealed annular cavity of the body (SU 1601242 A1, 23.10.1990).

The disadvantage of the prototype lies in the uneven distribution of technological preparation over the entire surface of the thread. A binder is applied to the surface of the material due to the chaotic impact of balls. On the surface of the yarn treated in this way, remain loose fibers, which leads to frequent breakages of the yarn to the textile machine.

The technical result of the invention is to reduce breakage and hairiness of yarns and threads due to the uniform distribution of the process of the drug on their surface.

This technical result is achieved in that the device for the processing of yarns and threads containing means phenological drug made from plate, curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying process of the drug is a cylindrical passage along the axis of the helix and is connected with the working surface of the helix holes.

Reduce breakage and hairiness of the treated fibrous product is a consequence of the uniform distribution of the process of drug on the surface of the yarn or thread, which is achieved by moving the fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface.

In Fig. 1 presents a General view of the device for the processing of yarns and threads; Fig.2 - scheme of interaction between the fibrous product with the device of Fig. 3 - section a-a in Fig.1.

The device comprises a stationary set sender 1, one end of the fixed 2 on the support 3. The other end 4 of the leader of the bent and is used for supplying the liquid process of the drug in the axial cylindrical channel 5. The leader is made of curved in the shape of a straight helix plate 6 of a thickness of 3...8 mm On the surface of the helix, which moves the treated fibrous product 7, there are openings 8 of the cylindrical formasi the drug in the required amount is supplied to the channel 5 of the sender 1 and is supplied to the surface of the helix through the holes 8. The composition of the process solution may be different depending on the purpose the treatment of textile material (emulsione, the elimination of static electricity, moisture and so on). Fibrous product 7 in the form of yarns or threads are sent to the working surface of the device to the rotational motion. When the movement of the textile material on the surface of the helical pattern of the sender by the application to it of technological medicine and improved friction and anti-static properties of the processed product. As a result of moving fibrous product along a helical path and slip the entire surface results in an even distribution process of the drug on the surface of the yarn or thread. In addition, when the contact of the product with the sender is smooth separating from the yarn and gave it a fluffy fibers, resulting in decreased hairiness of the yarn, and its structural characteristics become stable.

The application of the proposed device for the processing of yarn and threads compared to the prototype significantly improves their quality of surface and reduces breakage, which ultimately increases the product is oricheskogo of the drug and the means for applying technological preparation, characterized in that the means for applying technological medication made of a plate curved in the shape of a straight helix, and means for supplying process of the drug is a cylindrical passage along the axis of the helix and is connected with the working surface of the helix holes.

 

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1 tbl

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