A vehicle with a removable body

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of transport engineering, namely to transport container for garbage collection. The vehicle (1) with removable body (2) includes a frame (3), which can be rotated by hydraulic cylinders in longitudinal vertical planes mounted drive levers (4) lifting sling (5) at the free end for securing the body. For tipper tipping body on the back of strengthened axis, forming a hinge with clamps (11), fixed on a transverse shaft (6) in the rear part of the frame. The levers are connected housings, pillar to move them along the cylinder serve as bearings placed at the end of the casing, the amount of not less than three, evenly placed on the casing. The actuator grip is made in the form of a chain, the ends of which are connected to the lever, mounted on the piston rod of the pneumatic cylinder can be rotated to capture engagement with the axle when the movement of the rod. The lever is connected with the elastic elements mounted on the axis of rotation of the cylinder. The invention improves the reliability. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to vehicles and in particular to vehicles with shengo waste from residential areas and construction sites to the places of unloading.

Known vehicle [1] with a removable body, containing a frame with legs under the body, the frame can be rotated in the longitudinal vertical planes mounted drive levers with straps to secure them to the body, detachable hinge for tipper tipping body containing the axis and Zev, one of the elements of the hinge attached to the body, and the other on the swivel bracket, hinged at the rear part of a frame on a transverse shaft, and a drive rotation of the bracket, the axle is fixed on the bracket, and Zev on the body and they are located above the support body when tilting it.

A disadvantage of this device is fairly complex structure of detachable hinge and locking mechanism removable body, and there is no protective cover on the cylinders.

Closest to the proposed invention is a vehicle with a removable body [2], which contains a frame with legs under the body, the frame can be rotated in the longitudinal vertical planes mounted drive levers with loops at the free ends for securing them to the body, the hinge for tipper tipping body containing the axis and the grip, and the axis is fixed on custmize connected to the axle body, the rods of the power cylinders, which allow the rotary drive levers to move, covered in shrouds, with the possibility of longitudinal movement together with the rod guide installed on the side surface of the cylinder.

The disadvantage of this design is the lack of reliability of design protective cover: the motion of the cylinder rod closes fully. As well as high manufacturing accuracy and clarity of the surface casing and rail along which it moves.

The aim of the invention is the provision of greater reliability of the vehicle when unloading.

The aim is achieved in that in a vehicle with a removable body, containing a frame with legs under the body, the frame can be rotated in the longitudinal vertical planes mounted drive levers with loops at the free ends for securing them to the body, the hinge for tipper tipping body containing the axis and the gripper, with the axle mounted on the rear of the body, and a grip mounted on a transverse shaft in the rear, swing drive grip, wheel drive rotation of the levers in the form of hydraulic power cylinders placed on nor is hydrocylinders, support to move the shrouds serve as bearings placed at the end of the casing opposite from the attachment housing to the drive lever, a minimum of three evenly placed on the casing, and the drive of the gripper chain made at the ends of the chains connected to the lever, mounted on the piston rod of the pneumatic cylinder, can be rotated to capture engagement with the axle when the movement of the rod, the lever is connected even with the elastic elements mounted on the axis of rotation of the cylinder and the casing is made in the form of a cylinder covering the surface of the rod not less than 270o.

Salient features in the present invention are: the implementation of the actuator grip the chain with the actuation of the pneumatic cylinder, the execution of the supports to move the housings of the cylinders in the form of linear guides placed at one end of the casing, the implementation of the housing are cylindrical in shape, covering the rod not less than 270o.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. In Fig.1 is a General view of a vehicle with a removable body, Fig.2 shows the actuator of the gripper of Fig. 3 - this is the same view As above, Fig.4 shows the power cylinder casing, Fig.5 mu 3, which includes a pair of actuating levers 4 5 slings for lifting the body. Rotary drive levers 4 are fastened to the frame 3 by means of a transverse shaft 6 can be rotated in the longitudinal plane from the power cylinders 7, associated with the hydraulic system of the vehicle 1. In the back of the frame 3 mounted in bearings 8, 9 and having a fixed sliding (Fig. not shown) part and the supporting detachable hinge for tipper tipping body containing the axis 10 and the grip 11 (Fig.2) driven by a chain 12, the ends of which are secured to the lever 13 (Fig.2, 3, mounted on the rod of the pneumatic cylinder 14. The lever 13 is connected by elastic elements 15,16 with the axis 17, which is pivotally mounted pneumatic cylinder 14. The grip 11 is designed to retain the removable body 2 in the self-unloading. The opening of the grip 11 is carried out at a flow of air in the pneumatic cylinder 14. Close grip 11 is due to the elastic return elements 15. When installing body 2 on machine 1 and removing her grip 11 is open. He can turn the value 170o(Fig. 2). The drive lever 4 is brought into action with the help of hydraulic cylinders 7, the rods from falling debris covered the casing 18 connected at one end with Olsen in the form of a circular sector with four rolling bearings 19, installed in the casing 18.

A vehicle with a removable body works as follows. In the transport position (Fig. 1) body 2 is placed on the frame 3. Retractable elements supports embroiled in a fixed 9 by means of hydraulic cylinders (not shown).

Put the machine on a level surface, carry out preparatory operations. Push the movable support, open the grip 11, relieve the body 2 of the frame 3 drive levers 4, which is placed on the platform, load of rubbish, raise the levers 4 and put the body 2 on the frame 3, raise the movable support.

When you need to unload the body 2 by a dump truck, the gripper 11 is closed. Its closure is guaranteed by the springs 15. The body 2 raise the drive levers 4 to tipping it on the 90othen return to the original position by hydraulic cylinders 7. When the levers 4 cylinders 7 are covered with covers, easily sliding in both directions of movement.

LITERATURE

1. A. C. 1630928 MKI B 60 P 1/48, 1/64, 1/04.

2. The prospect of company F. X. MEILLER " von 3,5 bis 26 t zul. Ges.-Gew.

1. A vehicle with a removable body, containing a frame with legs under the body, the frame can be rotated in the longitudinal vertical planes are fixed privodnye body, containing the axis and the gripper, with the axle mounted on the rear of the body, and a grip mounted on a transverse shaft in the rear, swing drive grip, wheel drive rotation of the levers in the form of hydraulic power cylinders placed on them with covers that are connected to actuating levers having the ability to move together with the piston rods of the power cylinders, characterized in that the support to move the shrouds serve as bearings placed at the end of the casing opposite from the attachment housing to the drive lever, a minimum of three evenly positioned on the housing, and the actuator grip is made of chain, at the ends of the chains connected to the lever, mounted on the piston rod of the pneumatic cylinder can be rotated to capture engagement with the axle when the movement of the rod, the lever is connected with the elastic elements mounted on the axis of rotation of the cylinder.

2. A vehicle with a removable body under item 1, characterized in that the casing is made in the form of a cylinder covering the surface of the rod not less than 270o.

 

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