Mechanical heat source
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for heating of residential and industrial premises and hot water. The invention consists in that in the heat containing tank, the inlet and outlet of the heat exchanger and water heater, heat exchanger, which is also the quencher circular motion of the water, is a perforated casing and the heater consists of a disk mounted between the diaphragms, a top cover mounted on the top cover of the intake pipe with internal Archimedes screw, lower cover, flange, rolling in the shaft, and tightening rods and disks consist of a single teardrop-shaped segments, separated from each other by channels, the surfaces of which built on the involute, and between the outer and inner portions of the segments connected by a stiffening elements formed cavity having outputs on the outer side of the disk and in the channel between segments. This embodiment of the heat source increases the efficiency of heating water without the use of a circulation pump, increases the reliability and durability of the I heat water and can be used in heating systems of buildings and structures and to heat water for industrial and domestic use.Known heat pump device using the changes in physical and mechanical properties of water, in particular pressure, volume, and speed, to produce heat.For example, the heat pump on and.with. 458691. But the downside of it is very high working pressure up to 1000 bar developed in the body, which requires a high-strength body parts installation, valves, etc. that leads to significant financial costs and dangerous for heating of residential premises.As the prototype is set to "Heat source and a device for heating liquids", patent 2045715 consisting of a heat source, including accelerators of the fluid - bypass pipe and the cyclone, brakes, and power pump injection nozzle. The disadvantages of the prototype are the cavitation principle of heating water, which reduces the operating life of the device, so as cavitation destroys the elements of design; the design complexity is the presence of two separate units - boiler and pump; the drop in efficiency with increasing power of the device.The objective of the invention is the provision of an efficient water heating without the use of traditional coolants, simplified is giving performance - reliability and durability.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the heat generator of Fig. 2 shows the heater; Fig. 3 shows the disk; Fig. 4 shows the segment.Mechanical heat source consists of a tank 1 (Fig. 1) containing the inlet pipe 2 for supplying cold water and separating it from the hot outlet 3 for hot water outlet of the heat exchanger 4, which houses the heater 5, based on the bearing unit 6 and resulting in rotation through the clutch 7 high-speed electric motor 8.The heater 5 (Fig. 2) posted in the heat exchanger 4, which serves as an absorber of the circular movement of water, and represents a perforated casing, consists of a disk 9 mounted between the diaphragms 10, the top cover 11 and installed it the intake pipe 12, provided with internal screw of Archimedes, the lower cover 13, the flange 14, rolling in the shaft 15, the tightening rods 16.Disc 9 (Fig. 3) diameter "D" and height "b", in the Central part of which there is a cylindrical cavity with a diameter "d" consists of equal segments 17 teardrop shape, between which the entire height "b" of the disk 9 is provided by the channels 18 for provededennyh between the stiffening elements 19 of the inner part 20 and the outer parts 21, has holes 22 (Fig. 3, 4) for tightening the rods 16 and the cavity 23, which produce a vacuum at the discharge of water through the exit 24 on the outer side of the disk 9 and through the outlets 25 in the channel 18.The output 24 and the outputs 25 and the channel 18 at its output side to eliminate cavitation angled 45o(Fig. 3, 4).The generator works as follows. During the rotation of the heater 5 through the clutch 7 high-speed electric motor 8 cold water, the force acting from the inlet 2 through the inlet pipe 12 into the Central cavity of the components of the heater 5 discs 9, under the action of centrifugal force at high speed and under high pressure comes both from the Central cavity of the disk 9 through the channels 18 in the heat exchanger 4 and the cavity 23 through the outputs 24 and 25, while in the cavity 23 is formed by a vacuum.In the channels 18, on the borders of zones of high pressure and vacuum, according to well-known phenomenon that occurs during the adiabatic process, the local temperature in the border areas of the zones reaches 10000oWith that leads to the heating water to the point of its exit from the channels 18 in the heat exchanger 4 to 100oC and above.Passing through the perforation of the water supply or heating.The most efficient water heating is carried out at a ratio of diameter "D" drive 9 (Fig. 3) to the diameter "d" of the internal cavity of the disk 9 as 3:1 and a height "b" drive 9 (Fig.3) constituting 10-15% of the diameter "D" of the disk 9, when three segments 17 in the disk 9, with one exit 24 (Fig. 4) on the outer side of the disk 9 and three outputs 25 (Fig. 4) in the channel 18, and the linear velocity of points on the outer side of the disk 9, within 95-110 m/s.The power of the heat source, you can modify additional installation disks 9 and diaphragms or by changing the speed of the motor 8.The design of the heat source can be both horizontal and vertical, with the upper or lower position of the motor 8.Created by the heater excessive water pressure in the tank 1 allows the heat source to perform the functions of the circulation pump.The advantages of the proposed boiler is a simple design consisting of a single unit and removing the need for a pump that creates a compression of the working environment, as the compression is provided by the structure of the water heater; reducing the possibility of fracture of the detail of the design, i.e., increases the life of the lips is SUP>o; the simplification of the structure, achieved due to the absence of the accelerating and braking devices, because the necessary pressure, speed and temperature are created directly in the water heater.In accordance with the invention is made of a heat generator with the number of revolutions of the motor to 10,000 rpm While the heater consists of 5 discs with a diameter "D" 210 mm, diameter "d" of the cylindrical cavity 70 mm and a height "b" of 30 mm, each of which has three segments, with four out of the cavity, where a vacuum is created, the width of the channels between the disks in the perpendicular cross-section of 2 mm hole Diameter perforation of the heat exchanger 3 mm, the outlet water Temperature to 100oC, output power 3 kW, power consumption of 1 kW. 1. Mechanical heat source containing tank, the inlet and outlet of the heat exchanger and the heater, wherein the heat exchanger, which is also the quencher circular motion of the water, is a perforated casing and the heater consists of a disk mounted between the diaphragms, a top cover mounted on the top cover of the intake pipe fitted within the t from a single teardrop-shaped segments, separated from each other by channels, the surfaces of which built on the involute, and between the outer and inner portions of the segments connected by a stiffening elements formed cavity having outputs on the outer side of the disk and in the channel between segments.2. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the heater based on the bearing unit and is driven through a coupling by an electric motor, and the line can be horizontal, vertical, upper or lower position of the motor.3. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the power generator is controlled by varying the number of installed disks and diaphragms or by changing the number of revolutions of the motor.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.