(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a device for cleaning footwear, namely, grass mats, rugs and lattices with brushes. The invention is directed to improvement of consumer properties of the Mat: the ability to collect or to change the form (transform) and the size of the Mat in accordance with the size and shape of the input space and doorways, the risk of structural elements, the possibility of single-piece cleaning brush set, reduce the weight and complexity of the Assembly. This result is achieved in that the Mat is made of a collapsible set of plastic brushes connected in consumer sizes and configurations by means of pin connections, the pins and pin holes molded in the brush pads with the possibility of combining with the corresponding pin holes and pins mating brushes. In addition, in the brush pads molded spikes, located close to the holes to collect dirt. 3 Il. The invention relates to a device for cleaning footwear, namely, grass mats, rugs and lattices with brushes.Known grass mats collected the Nizhny Novgorod systematicname enterprise "Traditional quality 80 years." - Nizhny Novgorod.: publishing house "deck". - 2000).Known mats have a constant size and shape that cannot be changed at customer's request in accordance with the shape and size of doorways and entrance areas. This discrepancy allows visitors to bypass pad, which reduces efficiency and creates a dangerous disadvantage, because there is the possibility to stumble. Constant movement through the Mat and collect shoes moisture weaken the fasteners, which, acting on the outer surface, damage the shoes. The known construction is massive, prone to moisture accumulation, which complicates cleaning, cleaning and washing of the Mat. The Mat has a high complexity of Assembly.Closest to the proposed decision is adopted for the prototype front brush (see Faleyev E. C., Szabados L. H. Production of toothbrushes. M: all-Union co-operative publishing house. - 1948. - P.77, Fig. 64).Front brush in this solution collected from three brushes and feature a constructive element for collecting dirt, made in the form prescribed horizontal plate. If necessary, some parade brushes can be collected in the unit established by the, solved by the invention, is making grass mats, versatility, efficiency of cleaning shoes and collect dirt, relief washing and improving the safety of the Mat, reducing its weight and complexity of production.The technical result from the use of the invention is the ability to collect or to change the form (transform) and the size of the Mat in accordance with the size and shape of the input space and doorways, the risk of structural elements, reducing the weight and complexity of Assembly and cleaning brush kit.This result is achieved in that in a collapsible Mat, made from a kit of brushes with the structural elements and openings for collecting dirt, plastic brushes connected in consumer sizes and configurations by means of pin connections, and pins and holes cast them in the brush pads with the possibility of combining with the corresponding holes and pins mating brushes. In addition, structural elements for collecting dirt cast in the brush pads in the form of studs located near the holes.In Fig. 1 shows a preferred design, the Fig.3 - Assembly of the Mat.Brush pad-transformer contains a plastic pad 1 with bushes bristle 2, conical spikes 3 holes to collect dirt 4, coupling pins 5 and the holes for the mounting pins 6. Pins 5 and openings 6 are located on the circuit pads.Pad-transformer is used and operates as follows.The number of brushes in the set and the configuration of the Mat are selected by the consumer in accordance with the size and shape of the doorways and entrance areas. Brush is collected in a Mat of the desired configuration by means of pins 5 and holes 6. When the movement of people through the rug cleaning Shoe is made by the bushes of the bristles 2 and pins 6. Remove from Shoe dust and dirt poured into the holes 4. If necessary, the Mat is easy to disassemble, it brushes conveniently cleaned and assembled in a different configuration.Industrial applicability the present invention is confirmed by the production and use of natural samples in OOO "Nizhny Novgorod systematicname enterprise". The proposed solution has proven consumer appeal and competitiveness. Grass Mat-transformer, made of precast-analysis is m, that plastic brushes connected in consumer sizes and configurations by means of pin connections, the pins and pin holes molded in the brush pads with the possibility of combining with the corresponding pin holes and pins mating brushes, and structural elements to collect dirt cast in the brush block in the form of studs located near the holes.
FIELD: equipment used for attachment of fastening sheets to one another and to floor.
SUBSTANCE: blind floor designed for forming of surface for laying of detachable decorative floor covering has plurality of fastening sheets, each comprising first upper surface substantially covered with detachable attachment means, plurality of fastening sheets arranged so as to substantially cover floor for forming of blind floor with upper surface. Blind floor has plurality of passages defined completely or partly in at least one sheet and oriented from blind floor upper surface to floor, passages having part made flush with blind floor upper surface and defining first supporting surface arranged lower than blind floor surface, plurality of fastening devices, each comprising second upper surface substantially covered with devices for detachable attachment means. Blind floor has plurality of fastening devices shaped to conform to passages for introducing into passages. Fastening devices have wider upper part for defining second supporting surface, plurality of fastening parts for insertion into passages so that second supporting surface faces first supporting surface, and at least several fastening devices attached to floor. Various versions of fastening sheets, assembly methods and construction of fastening devices are described. Fastening devices, which may be inserted into fastening sheet portion of reduced thickness are preferably used, said portion surrounding slot in fastening sheet.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing laying of fastening sheets for loose movement with respect to one another and, as a result, free expansion and shrinkage of modular sheets.
39 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: floor coating production.
SUBSTANCE: fastening sheet, carpet and lining assembly for laying carpet on floor includes fastening sheet having upper layer of thin flexible rigid material and lower layer of elastic resilient substrate arranged along periphery of area to be covered and defining above area. The assembly comprises contact band with hooks connected to the sheet along perimeter thereof and elastic lining with height corresponding to that of fastening sheet. Fastening sheet dimensions correspond to area defined by the sheet. The assembly also includes carpet with backing surface covered with loops to provide detachable carpet connection to the band having hooks. The carpet is located above fastening sheet and lining. Modular frame for carpet, process of fastening sheet and decorative coating assembling, fastening sheet and unfinished floor structure for base substrate covering are also disclosed. Method of modular frame laying involves laying frame of predetermined size on surface to be covered, laying coating modules mating each other along frame perimeter, removing frame and laying decorative coating on area from which frame was removed. Sheet may be cut and laid within a room. Sheet has rigidity and mass enough to maintain its shape without bends and buckling formation after carpet laying on floor by freely floating method without connection to floor.
EFFECT: improved ability to floor coating arrangement and replacement.
29 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: sanitary and hygienic facilities for dwelling, equipment for sportive and sanitation complexes, household articles such as things for bathrooms, or floor mat-like articles for swimming pools.
SUBSTANCE: mat has at least two modules formed as sheets of cellular structure connected with one another through retaining members positioned in openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer and retaining members are formed as webs made from tape or strip. Width of web exceeds diameter of opening. Web has two-beveled wedge-shaped ends and thinned portion provided at the side of base of each wedge-shaped end for arranging thereof in cell opening and providing adhering of base and web to cell. According to another version, mat has at least two modules formed as sheets consisting of cells connected with one another by ribs, and retaining members positioned within openings provided on at least one outer side of each sheet free of ribs. Sheets and retaining members are made from resilient plastic polymer. Retaining members are formed as webs of tape or strip having width exceeding diameter of opening, with tips formed as equilateral trapezium and thinned regions provided at the side of larger base of each tip being adapted for locating it in cell opening and for providing adherence of base and web to tip. Length of web positioned between thinned portions corresponds to length of ribs. Mats may be of any sizes.
EFFECT: light-weight and simplified construction, convenient usage, and reduced labor intensity for manufacture and retention of pattern structure.
9 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal demand items.
SUBSTANCE: intended for use in production of carpets. Polyurethane bases of carpet coatings are produced with application of polyurethane-forming composition, where polyurethane is a product of interaction of polyisocyanate component and polyol component, containing mixture of isocyanate reaction materials, from which one or more of unnecessarily alkoxylated hydroxymethyl-containing (polyester) polyols make 25-90 wt %.
EFFECT: formula provides for considerable replacement of traditional polyols with polyols produced from yearly renewable energy sources, with preservation of important properties, like edge curling, strength of bundle fixation, viscosity and proper hardening rates.
40 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: intended for application in manufacturing of floorings. Connecting unit comprises part of one flooring element provided with hole and pin of the other attached element arranged in this hole with facilities of fixation in the form of long tabs that surround through axial channel of rod and are bent till contact with side surface of hole by central spacer rod. Rod is inserted into channel between tabs on side opposite to their ends. Mat comprises upper and lower surfaces with upper and lower shelves arranged along edges with thickness that is less than mat thickness. Upper shelves are equipped with vertical pins that protrude downwards, and lower shelves comprises holes for the possibility of coupling with similar pins of another mat in process of flooring assembly by superposition of upper shelves of one mat over lower shelves of the other one. Pin comprises axial channel with flexible longitudinal tabs arranged along periphery. Free end part of pin produced by tabs in cross dimension is less than according section of hole, with the possibility to open as rod element is inserted into channel, which exceeds its cross dimension. Channel is equipped with through expanded section in upper shelf.
EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of detachable flooring.
15 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises three layers, two of which are electrically-insulating, and the third one in-between is a screen made of a composite metallised film which includes a metal film one-side coated by a first layer of a polymer film having a smooth surface characterised by a high EHF and infrared electrical field reflection coefficient; the other side of the film is coated with a second layer of the polymer film. The screen represents applications laid on the electrically-insulating layers by the side coated by the second layer of the polymer film. The applications are laid on each electrically-insulating layer with uncoated segments left; the applications on the first electrically-insulating layer overlap the uncoated segments between the applications on the second electrically-insulating layer with an application strip width to exceed the uncoated segments by 10 % and more. A method for manufacturing of the apparatus consists in coating the composite metallised film by a cotton strip 70±40 mm wide with an interstitial space 60±40 mm. The total strip and space width is equal to d = D/2N, where D is a cotton strip width, and N is a number of the strips arranged on cotton.
EFFECT: use of the invention provides allows enhanced performance characteristics of the apparatus.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: articles of personal use.
SUBSTANCE: carpet contains a basic structure and features high and low nap. Some fibres of the high nap have smaller linear density than finest fibres of the low nap. At least some fibres of high nap have linear density under 15 dtex, preferably under 5 dtex.
EFFECT: reduced content of fine dust in environment.
10 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: shoe sole cleaning mat.
SUBSTANCE: floor mat has adhesive part equipped with adhesive upper surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole surface, and anti-skid component adapted for contacting with individual's shoe sole, said anti-skid component being bound with adhesive part for preventing from sliding on adhesive part when the latter is wet. Floor mat may comprise basic part having non-adhesive upper surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole and adhesive part bound with basic part and equipped with adhesive upper surface open for contacting with shoe sole thereon. Insert for floor mat is configured so as to allow it to be detachably urged into slot provided in basic part of floor mat. Insert has adhesive upper surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole thereon and basic part has non-adhesive upper surface adapted for contacting with individual's shoe sole thereon. Basic part of floor mat is configured so as to allow it to be bound with adhesive part when the former is in its operating position, with basic part having non-adhesive upper surface open for contacting with shoe sole and adhesive part having upper surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole thereon. Floor mat may comprise adhesive part having adhesive surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole and anti-skid component adapted for contacting with shoe sole. Anti-skid component is bound with adhesive part for preventing sliding on adhesive part when the latter is wet. Basic part of floor mat has non-adhesive upper surface open for contacting with shoe sole. Basic part is provided with slot and adhesive part is adapted for detachable insertion into slot. Floor mat comprises multiplicity of adhesive layers wherein each adhesive layer is configured so as to allow it to be detachably inserted into slot of basic part of floor mat, and adhesive upper surface open for contacting with individual's shoe sole. Each adhesive layer has multiplicity of through openings adapted for receiving therethrough of protruding members of anti-skid component when each of adhesive layers is inserted into slot of basic part for preventing sliding on each wet adhesive layer.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in cleaning of individual's shoe sole without sliding of shoe sole on wet adhesive part of mat.
104 cl, 22 dwg
FIELD: articles of domestic utility.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a mat, particularly to a door mat or a floor mat in a car. The mat consists of a multitude of layers (1), each containing an absorbing sublayer (10). Each layer (1) also contains an insulating sheet (9) under the absorbing sublayer (10) and net (11) above the absorbing sublayer (10). Layers (1) are tied to each other around all edges of the mat by means of a glue bridge which prevents penetration of dirt and moisture between the layers.
EFFECT: upgrading of absorbing characteristics and increased convenience of mat using.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: module pad is designed for to clean soles and can be placed on the floor in the places with intensive pedestrian circulation. Module pad is formed with partial element units which are made with the ability to connect to each other. Every unit of the element consists of standard section of U-shaped slot, where covering section is inserted by connection to a seat. The covering section is supplied with the surface of elastic material, which is made in the form of rough surface or elastic material with edges. Standard section forms upper edges, which are turned or thickened inside and have side elements forming corresponding shapes for locking elements. Covering section has zig-zag pins or flanges, which helps to form locking connection regarding edges in the unit among sections. Damping sheet, which supports module pad, is placed under structural assembly. Damping sheet provides connection among section components. Side elements of standard section have reciprocal configuration, which allow parallel connection of serial sections for to form module pad edgewise.
EFFECT: providing of comfortable and easy mounting of the pad and ease of it's demounting for cleaning, repair and change.
5 cl, 9 dwg