Helicotrema power plant
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to solar and wind and can be used to convert solar and wind energy into electrical energy. The technical result consists in increasing the capacity and efficiency of the installation is ensured by the fact that helicotrema energy installation comprising a turbine, an electric generator which is mounted on a vertical shaft, and a solar battery, according to the invention further comprises a tail boom and the battery, and the beam is made of box-section and attached to the rear of the generator on the movable hinge, with one horizontal and two side solar cells connected between a swivel hinge and spring with both ends attached by hinges to the upper part of the beam, and curved solar panels are attached to the rods and the rods to the barrel at its height, and between the rear portion of the electric generator and a hollow bottom beam has a wedge associated with manual drive over biscuit, attached to the lower part of the generator using the strap. 2 Il. The invention relates to GE the action.Known power plant containing a solar concentrator in the form of bladed propeller, receiver solar power and generator, which shaft is kinematically connected with the shaft of the wind turbine (see SU 918707 A, class F 24 J 3/02, 07.04.1982).Known power plant has a low efficiency and sophisticated.Known solar-wind power plant containing the receivers of solar and wind energy, in parallel, is connected through a transformer to electrolysis, an electric generator, a receiver and a pump provided at the output of an electrolysis cell and electrically connected to the generator (see SU 1725038 A1, class F 24 J 2/42, F 03 D 9/02, 07.04.1992). Known power plant has low efficiency, complicated construction and requires considerable costs for operation and maintenance.Known helicotrema energy installation comprising a turbine, an electric generator which is mounted on a vertical shaft, and solar panels (see DE 3614110 A1, class F 03 D 3/00, 29.10.1987), the set of essential features of the invention adopted for the closest analogue (prototype).Known device has low power and efficiency, because it contains Solnechniy result, is to increase the capacity and efficiency of the installation is ensured by the fact that helicotrema energy installation comprising a turbine, an electric generator which is mounted on a vertical shaft, and a solar battery, according to the invention further comprises a tail boom and the battery, and the beam is made of box-section and attached to the rear of the generator on the movable hinge, with one horizontal and two side solar cells connected between a swivel hinge and spring with both ends attached by hinges to the upper part of the beam, and curved solar panels are attached to the rods and the rods to the barrel at its height, and between the rear portion of the electric generator and a hollow bottom beam has a wedge associated with manual drive over biscuit, attached to the lower part of the generator using the strap.In Fig.1 shows helicotrema power plant (General view);
in Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1.Helicotrema power plant comprises a turbine 1, a generator 2 which is mounted on a vertical shaft 3, one Horiz battery 8, moreover, the beam 7 is attached to the rear of the generator 2 to the movable hinge 9, and the battery 4, 5, 6 connected between a swivel joint 10 and is spring-loaded with both ends of the springs 11 and 12 and is attached by hinges 13 and the terminals 14 to the upper part of the beam 7, and curved solar battery 15 is rigidly attached to the studs 16 and the rod 17 to the shaft 3 at its height, and between the rear portion of the electric generator 2 and a hollow bottom 18 of the beam 7 has a wedge 19 is connected by means of a ball stud 20 with manual actuator 21, with the flywheel 22. The actuator 21 is threaded through the tape 23 is in contact with the rusk 24 attached to the lower part of the generator 2 by means of straps 25, the generator 2 to the upper end of the vertical shaft 3 is fixed through a rotary bearing 26, the beam 7 has lateral surfaces of the window 27. The battery 8, the completed heat environment (winter antifreeze), equipped with electric heaters 28, the heated environment in the absence of wind and solar is served in a thermal Converter for receiving and uninterrupted supply of electricity. When this side of the solar battery 5 and 6 are connected with the beam 7 through the rod 29 and the rod 29 is rigidly attached to the beam 7 and have rubber is ATA 1 is installed on the main solstice monthly basis and is determined empirically. Photoelectric transducers 31 are located in the solar battery 4, 5 and 6 and the maximum is oriented to the Sun. Windmill 1 produces an alternating electric current, a solar battery 4, 5, 6 is a constant. The heaters 28 can be connected to any power source.Helicotrema power plant works as follows. Beam 7 installed solar panels 4, 5 and 6 is used for wind turbine 1 as a unit, and expands the wheel towards the wind flow around the clock. The generator 2 generates electricity coming into the General power grid. Solar panels 4, 5, 6, and 15 through photoelectric transducers 31, effectively use both direct and diffuse solar radiation during daylight hours, produce electricity DC and served in the General electric network operates. Part of the energy thus supplied to the heaters 28, the battery 8. The heated heat medium is supplied from the battery 8 to thermocouple, which makes up for the energy deficit in the absence of wind and solar radiation. Solar battery 15 is rigidly attached to the barrel 3 its the teaching and conversion of solar energy into electrical energy. Solar panels 4, 5 and 6 are movable relative to horizontal axis wind turbine 1 and can be installed at a certain angle L depending on the time of year and solstice. The optimal value of the angle L by month can be determined experimentally. Ascent solar panels 4, 5 and 6 is carried out by screwing the manual actuator 21 in rusk 24, further movement is transmitted to the ball stud 20, which moves the wedge 19 up. The wedge 19 of the right plane for the press through deaf bottom 18 of the beam 7 and rotates it relative to the rotary hinge 9 is also up. During the rotation of the flywheel 22 in the opposite direction actuator 21 will be dropped, pulling the wedge 19 of the gap between the generator 2 and the beam 7, which will fall down. The springs 11 and 12 of the window 27 and tips-absorbers 30 are designed to reduce the vibration level of the solar battery during operation of the wind turbine 1. Installation on the beam 7 solar panels, as well as their attachment to the stem 3 will increase the capacity of the plant as a whole. In the absence of wind or solar energy power plant with reduced power using the battery 8 and thermocouple will provide consumers with electric energy isHelicotrema energy installation comprising a turbine, an electric generator which is mounted on a vertical shaft, and solar panels, characterized in that it further comprises a tail boom and the battery, and the beam is made of box-section and attached to the rear of the generator on the movable hinge, with one horizontal and two side solar cells connected between a swivel hinge and spring with both ends attached by hinges to the upper part of the beam, and curved solar panels are attached to the rods and the rods to the barrel at its height, and between the rear portion of the electric generator and a hollow bottom beam has a wedge associated with manual drive over biscuit, attached to the lower part of the generator using the strap.
FIELD: blowers united with wind turbine, possibly used in different branches of industry and in objects of social and living designation.
SUBSTANCE: blower includes drum impeller with vanes mounted in horizontal shaft. Impeller is arranged in cylindrical casing having air intake opening and diffuser. Novelty is wind turbine built-in to structure of blower system. Wind turbine includes wind wheel with vanes on horizontal shaft. Wind wheel is arranged in cylindrical casing with air intake opening and diffuser. Diffuser of blower is connected with air intake of wind turbine. Carrying structure of blower is joined with carrying structure of wind turbine.
EFFECT: improved design, enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; small power stations with open turbine hall.
SUBSTANCE: proposed emf source has open turbine hall; foundation; electrical machine provided with rotor, stator, and current-collection unit and connected to drive; self-contained starting motors connected to power supplies; as well as control unit and output module. Novelty is that open turbine hall floor of emf source is provided with circular race, surface part of foundation is equipped with anchor straps, slabs, locking brackets and rollers, aligning brackets and rollers; rotor is installed in journal bearing on annular support of foundation rotor; shaft of the latter has axial hole with service lines; source has supporting and aligning slab incorporated in frame built of hold-down beams, thrust columns, frame and foundation; it also has capital, rotor and stator drive mechanism, pods, aerodynamic compensator, distribution board, jet thrust matching device, thrust electric circuit switch, and auxiliary equipment power supply unit.
EFFECT: simplified design, facilitated maintenance of unit incorporating emf source; enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: wind-power engineering; electrical energy generation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wind-powered generator has tower with adjustable windwheels, windward positioning device, wound rotors and stators; rotors are made in the form of concavo-concave aerodynamic disks mounted on ends of blades; stator has pole shoes whose ends are coupled with rotors. Windwheels are mounted on shafts of convertible electrical machines incorporating stator excitation system and rotor inductor; inductor coils are connected to rectifiers mounted on windwheel blades; rectifier outputs are connected to field coils installed in rotor disks.
EFFECT: enhanced specific load, reduced starting torque, facilitated acceleration to rated speed.
1 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: wind-power engineering; wind power generators.
SUBSTANCE: proposed windmill-electric generating unit has electric generators; novelty is that this unit is made in the form of flow-through piping network with sealed valves and pressure transducers, generating unit ends being disposed in areas held at different atmospheric pressures; piping length and diameter meet following expression: D/L = ρλv
EFFECT: provision for continuous operation of windmill-electric generating unit.
1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: wind-power engineering; generation of electric power.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wind-power electric generator has tower with swivel cross-member and wind wheel, wind setting unit, rotors and stators with windings; rotors are made in form of aerodynamic washers having shape of concavo-concave disks secured on ends of blades and stator is provided with pole pieces whose ends are magnetically connected with rotors which are magnetically connected with additional stators; blades are provided with additional rotors magnetically connected with additional stators; additional rotors are electrically interconnected.
EFFECT: reduction of starting torque.
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plants generating electric energy to produce hot water for industrial use. Proposed combination wind power plant containing energy generating unit in form of windmill, air flow booster connected with windmill and energy generating and transforming unit in form of air turbine and generator connected to turbine, generator being butt-joined with gas-turbine turbine engine is furnished, according to invention, with heat recovery unit and processing unit, for instance, sea water freshening and cleaning unit made in form of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device connected with heat recovery unit. Blades of windmill are made divided into sections for turning relative to each other with possibility of turning relative to longitudinal axis. Energy generating and transforming unit is provided with additional self-contained internal combustion engine and electric generator connected with said engine which is coupled with generator of gas-turbine unit to form common power unit. Control system includes device which, together with computer, provides electric parameters similar to network parameters. Energy generating unit is provided with device to divide air flow, said device being connected by flexible air line with air flow booster made programmable, for instance, pneumatic and multistage, whose low-pressure stage is connected with air turbine and with each member of processing unit, and high-pressure stage, with device to evaporate water of thermal distiller and reverse osmosis device which are connected with heat recovery unit. Point of connection of air line and power supply line is common, and torsion shafts coupled with vane engine and turbine are connected to said point.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to recovery of exhaust (hot) gases of engine and dissipation heat, enlarged sphere of industrial application of plant.
34 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power and heat supply.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-contained power, heat and hot-water supply systems of dwelling houses and industrial buildings. Proposed system contains wind power generating plant for generating electric power and connected with power consumers; energy accumulator connected with wind power generating plant and power consumers; plant for converting solar energy into heat energy and heat accumulator, both connected with heat energy consumers. System includes heat pump driven by wind power generating plant and connected with heat energy consumers; inverter through which electric energy accumulator is connected with electric energy consumers; sewage water heat recoverer; Earth heat collector and automatic control system connected through heat and electric load transmitters with actuating mechanisms. Plant for converting solar energy into heat energy contains gang of solar collectors connected by heat carrier lines with at least two heat exchangers, one of which is arranged in heat accumulator and the other in heat exchange device connected by heat carrier line with Earth heat collector. Heat pump contains compressor driven by wind power generating plant, at least two extension evaporators and at least two extension condensers. Extension evaporator is built into heat exchange device connected by heat carrier line with Earth heat collector. Extension evaporator is built into sewage heat recoverer. Extension condenser is built into hot-water tank, and second extension condenser is built into heat exchange device connected by heat carrier lines with heat energy consumers.
EFFECT: improved reliability and economy of self contained power and heat supply systems.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for converting energy of air flows into electric energy. Proposed method includes passing of first on-coming air flow between two conversing and diverging aerodynamic surfaces in direction of flow to form zone of reduced pressure and transmitting of second air flow along pipeline from surrounding space into zone of reduced pressure. Converter is installed on way of second air flow. Space is made in zone of reduced pressure in, at least, one of aerodynamic surfaces to provide swirling of second air flow by wall of said space. Swirling of second air flow is formed tangentially in direction of passing of first on-coming air flow. Device contains two plates. Pipeline is designed to transmit second air flow. One end of pipeline is made open and it is connected with surrounding space, and other end is connected to outer surface of one of plates. Converter is installed in pipeline. AT least one of plates is provided with space to swirl second air flow. Space communicates with pipeline. Space is made orthogonally relative to direction of first on-coming air flow tangentially in direction of first on-coming air flow.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of energy conversion.
23 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for heating and hot water supply of different buildings. Proposed wind-heat generator contains water heat accumulator, windmill, bevel gear train (transmission), mechanical heater in form of agitator with movable blades each pair of which is made to centrifugal governor scheme (Watt governor). Wind heat generator is furnished additionally with second bevel gear train (transmission) rotating in opposite direction relative to first bevel gear train, each train being provided with equal number of agitators with movable blades.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of utilization of wind energy in wider range of wind velocities, improved reliability of heat generator and reduced cost of thermal energy.
FIELD: wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind plants for direct conversion of wind energy into thermal energy. Proposed wind thermal plant contains windwheel with rotary blades and friction heat generator with heat exchanger. Novelty is that heat generator is made in form of conical drum with ribbed surface and rotor is provided with friction lining being installed on shaft of windwheel. Pressure of lining onto drum surface depends on wind head. Heat exchanger is provided with air intake. Windwheel is provided with speed and vibration protective device.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability in operation within wide range of wind loads with provision of ventilation of heat rooms.
2 cl;, 4 dwg