The system is heating or cooling, floor, ceiling and walls, the way it has been manufactured and modular element
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a heating or cooling. The system is heating or cooling, floor, ceiling and walls contains panels, each of which has a surface with grooves, which are attached to the heat conductive sheet forming a thermally conductive surface, the panels are connected with the formation of the sub-floor on which the heat-conducting surface connected panels create a long track grooves to enable funds transfer thermal energy placed in curing the material for the formation of a flat heat transfer surface to the sub-floor prior to the construction of walls and partitions. A method of manufacturing system includes the location of many of the panels with the formation of the sub-floor, in which the modular geometry of the grooves of the number of panels forms a network of grooves across the surface of the sub-floor, placing the curable material and the transfer of thermal energy in the network of grooves, alignment curable material for formation of a flat surface with the heat-conducting surface of the panel, the processing of the curable composition for formation of filled thermally conductive surface on the subfloor, Amasa, at least one edge of the panel, the heat conductive sheet located on the surface of the panel, taking its shape and forming a thermally conductive surface, the groove with a thermally conductive coating, curing the material, forming a flat surface with a thermally conductive surface. The technical result is to reduce the cost of materials, reducing weight, reducing the warm-up time, increase system reliability. 3 S. and 9 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il. The present invention relates to hydronym or radiant panel heating systems or cooling.In currently known hydronic systems panel floor heating uses a metal or plastic tubing embedded in concrete slabs or tubes together with the attached by various means aluminum plates. There are systems (produced, for example, Wirsbo company, , Apple valley, PCs Minnesota, USA), in which after laying the floor between the joists under rough plywood floors, attach the aluminum plate. There were systems in which the aluminum plate and the pipe was maintained light frames (see , for example, issued a Broad U.S. patent 4865120).Known si is 8214 A2, F 24 D 3/14, 17.08.1988).The disadvantages of the known systems is the inability of the education sub-floor, the other structural material that cannot be cut or glue, i.e. concrete, in addition, the grooves do not open from the upper surface of the sub-floor.A known method of manufacturing a heating system in which the modular geometry of the set of grooves forms a network of grooves on the surface (EP 278214 A2 F 24 D 3/14, 17.08.1988).Known modular element that contains a panel with groove and thermally conductive sheet (EP 278214 A2 F 24 D 3/14, 17.08.1988).All radiant panel heating systems, methods of manufacturing systems and panels, along with all its advantages have at present the following disadvantages.The high cost. Known systems are usually very different from each other constructions to be suitable for any building, and are, as a rule, on the ground. Due to the large weight of the panels they often require additional costs and design solutions. Their installation is very time consuming and can be performed only by specialists. These systems take in the construction process is time consuming and often difficult, simple flooring sexual pokrycia-flooring floor coverings, not surprisingly, if it will be damaged pipe. During the planning permutation internal walls can also create damage to the pipeline. In case of damage to the pipe from damage hard to find, and repairers often necessary to remove a considerable part of flooring panels.Great warm-up time. Due to the large thermal mass and/or heat resistance of modern systems are usually very slow to respond to changing heat loads, and the warm-up time is measured in hours and even days.The present invention provides the following technical result:
(1) Modular geometry, system sub-floor installed using traditional structural methods, the benefits over time and the use of skilled labor, which all together creates a structural subfloor and the basis of the heating system.(2) Reduced useless weight radiant panel heating systems, which should reduce lateral and vertical loads on the structural system of the building.(3) a System that allows and therefore largely independent from the walls and laying the flooring, and not eontinues in case of damage.(4) Reduced the reaction time to changing heat loads.(5) In combination with all the above objectives: reducing the cost of materials and labor costs, along with better meet the demand of the customer, is sufficient for the comparison of the systems panel-radiant heating and other systems were more profitable.The technical result is achieved by the fact that the system is heating or cooling, floor, ceiling and walls contains panels, each of which has a surface with grooves, which are attached to the heat conductive sheet forming a thermally conductive surface, the panels are connected with the formation of the sub-floor on which the heat-conducting surface connected panels create a long track grooves to enable funds transfer thermal energy placed in curing the material for the formation of a flat heat transfer surface to the sub-floor prior to the construction of walls and partitions.The means for transferring thermal energy in the form of a pipeline.The means for transferring thermal energy made in the form of wires for resistive heating or Coulomb cooling space in contact with sisteme panel includes many parallel and equally spaced grooves, placed between the opposing edges of the first panel and the surface with the grooves of each second panel includes a first set of parallel and equidistant grooves extending from the first edge of the second panel and connected through a second set of arc grooves near the second edge of the second panel opposite the first edge and additional tangent groove located between the edges of each second panel perpendicular to the first and second edges and tangentially to the arc grooves.Grooves of the first and second panels are combined in a single panel.A method of manufacturing a heating or cooling, floor, ceiling and walls includes the location of many of the panels with the formation of the sub-floor, in which the modular geometry of the grooves of the number of panels forms a network of grooves across the surface of the sub-floor, placing the curable material and the transfer of thermal energy in the network of grooves, alignment curable material for formation of a flat surface with the heat-conducting surface of the panel, the processing of the curable composition for formation of filled thermally conductive surface on the subfloor floor regardless Rahl in the network of grooves, premises means the transfer of thermal energy to the curable material so that the curable material has improved heat transfer between funds transfer of thermal energy and lots of panels.The operation of placing the curable material includes a selection of cured composition that is visually distinguishable from the panel surface during processing to detect the location of the means of transmission of thermal energy.Modular element contains a panel with groove intersecting at least one edge of the panel, the heat conductive sheet located on the surface of the panel, taking its shape and forming a thermally conductive surface and the groove with a thermally conductive coating, curing the material, forming a flat surface with a thermally conductive surface.Curing the material made in the form of an elastomeric compound.Elastomeric compound includes a component that enhances thermal conductivity between the means for transferring heat energy and heat-conductive sheet.Curable material previously placed in the groove with the conductive coating.Fig.1 is an isometric view of nastoashe> Fig.2 is a top view of the modular Assembly of the heating panels in a matrix that provides continuous unrelated tube channel.Fig. 3 is a top view of a groove of a typical modular panel sub-floor that is used for the end sections of the pipeline.Fig. 4 is a top view of a groove of a typical modular panel sub-floor that is used for the straight sections of the pipeline.Fig. 5 is a view in cross section of the assembled panels, thermally conductive surface and girondolo pipeline.Fig. 6 provides a top view of the groove of the separate modular panel subflooring, representing the Union of the geometries shown in Fig.3 and 4.Fig. 7 is a top view of groove groups corresponding modular sub-floor panels, representing the division of the geometries shown in Fig.3 and 4.In Fig. 1 shows a typical application of the present invention in the system of the frame of the floor. Bearing system consists of normal sexual lag 1. Panel 2 (such as in Fig.2) and 3 (such as in Fig.4) modular elements are attached to the sexual lags way, typical for a flooring sub-floor. Pipe 4 of this type, kakoli.In this example, the inlet is marked by the number 5, issue number 6. The distance between the grooves allows for mounting of the outer wall 7 directly to the panel without damaging the pipe. The inner wall 8 can cross grooves, not relying on pipes and therefore without damaging them. Pipe conduits are well visible that allows you to mount a wall or the materials of flooring to the flooring sub-floor nails without damaging the pipe.If you need repairs, the fact that the channels are clearly visible, will help not only to break the pipes, but also easy to find the leak. Instead remove all partitions of the sub-floor, it is necessary to remove only a portion of the flooring that covers the defect.The heat-conducting surface is in direct contact with the floor covering, such as carpet, parquet or tile. thermal resistance provided floor covering, slows the dissipation of heat from the surface, significantly reducing thermal gradient between adjacent geronimi pipe elements.In existing hydronic systems warm-up time or thermal hysteresis is controlled by thermal mass and/or the resistance of the concrete slab or plywood draft the Institute of low mass and low resistance can measure the change in surface temperature in minutes.In Fig.2 is a top view of a typical matrix heating panels, which is an example of how the matrix is gerany the pipeline. Hot water supplied through the inlet 5, passes through the grooves 10, tangent to the arcs of the panels 2 end sections, turning 90 degrees to the groove 11, and then, as shown in Fig.2, through the end panel 2 by turning 180 degrees to the grooves 12, usually available in each end panel, through direct panel 3, and then turning 90 degrees to the groove 11 on the finishing circuit issue 6.In Fig.3 shows a top view of the end panel sections, in which each panel has three longitudinal grooves. The size and the ratio of the larger side to the smaller are the same as the panels used at the present time. The distance between the centers of the three grooves 13, 14 and 15 is equal to one third of the width of the panel. The centers of the grooves 13 and 15 are separated from the edge of the panel 2 at one-sixth of the width of the panel. At one end of the panel 2, the ends of the grooves 13, 14 and 15 end arc in pokrova grooves 12. In addition, the grooves 13 and 15 are connected by an arc of a quarter circle grooves 11. And, finally, a straight groove 10 is tangent to arcs 11 and 12 and are connected with them. The center of this tangential who I am.This distance is obtained from the calculation of the three original pipe channels on the panel, ideal for the typical American design, based on the British measures of length. It does not allow to build the outer walls of normal thickness, leaving enough space between the inner surface of the outer wall and the nearest tube channel strip, with which nailed carpeted floor. However, even if you be advantageous to produce panels with one, two, three, four, five or six pipe modules on each Board sub-floor, they can still match the characteristic of the present invention geometry and modularity. Such elements should be used where, for example, ease of laying carpet is much less important than various other factors such as surface temperature and the density of the pipe-laying. In the case of timber, the dimensions of which are given in the metric system, it may be that the exact value of the specified distance will change, based on the metric sizes of conventional building materials in accordance with specified geometry and modularity.In Fig. 4 shows the VI and 18 is equal to one third of the width of the panel 3. The centers of the grooves 16 and 16 are separated from the long edge of the panel 3 one-sixth of the width of the panel. Changes due to different numbers of tubular channels on the panel or use the metric system for measurements, which were discussed in the description of the panels of Fig.3 are equally applicable to data direct panels.In Fig. 5 shows the cross-section, equally applicable to all the above panels. It is well made visible in the panel sub-floor groove 19. According to one variant of implementation of the present invention the panels can be made of a homogeneous material, such as plywood or wood-fiber plate. In this embodiment, the layer 23 in which a groove, structurally weakened by it and so the rest of the layer 24, in which groove there must have sufficient structural characteristics, including typical distance between sexual lags 1, used in the standard design. On the other hand, the most economical embodiment of the present invention can be combined panel with a layer 23 of a material such as particleboard, the main characteristics of which are compressive strength, and a layer 24 of such mi.Heat-conductive sheet 20 is made so that the same circuit with a relief panel sub-floor and sealed with this panel. After installation of the panels in the matrix shown in Fig.1 and 2, the groove 19 is placed elastomer 21. After that gerany line 22 is pressed tightly to the bottom of the elastomer coated grooves 19 to create good thermal contact with thermally conductive sheet 20. Any elastomer 21, does not fill the voids between the heat-conducting surface of the groove 19 and hydronym pipe 22, will be squeezed out at the upper part girondolo pipeline. This surplus is then overwritten flush with the top surface of the panel. This ensures a flat surface, right on which you can lay the flooring.The elastomer 21 performs three functions. It improves the heat transfer between hydronym pipeline 5 and the heat transfer surface due to the reduction or complete elimination of air-filled voids. It creates a flat surface and support plank flooring, such as carpet, linoleum or tile. It keeps in place the pipeline. In the case of hard flooring such as parquet, close fit between hydronym pipeline 22 and finished tepet this the most affordable way.Two, shown in Fig.3 and 4, panel types are enough to obtain all the necessary benefits that you can imagine in connection with the present invention. However, in order for these two types of panels could capture all the variance in the pipeline, it is obvious that in this panel can be arc channels 11 and 12 and tangential channels 10, which in this pane will remain unused. The exclusion of these unused channels due to the separation of the underlying geometry of the system at several derivatives panels can reduce some costs of manufacture and installation, which may require a greater number of types of panels, which will increase the cost of inventory and production costs associated with the present invention. In Fig.7A, 7B, 7C, 7D and 7E shows an example of a system consisting of panels split geometries panels 2 and 3.On the other hand, the savings due to ease of production and the creation of inventories may not recoup the need to reduce the number of unused channels, and Vice versa, to cause only the panel that combines the geometry of the panels shown in Fig.3 and 4, will be the most eco is about the invention may be many other examples of possible use, and specialists in the art can find other fields of application. It can be used in murine or ceiling panels, which can easily align the way this is usually done with the surfaces of the gypsum boards. Instead of heating by circulation of a cooling liquid of the invention can be used for cooling. In another embodiment, the present invention can be used for electric panel heating, then a similar modular panel will have grooves smaller, so that they could be wire less typical for such systems diameter. Electric cooling can be obtained using Coulomb cooling. Other electronic and thermodynamic applications, in which the standardized modular panels can provide easy Assembly part of the conductive surface lattices of wires, tubes or fibers. 1. The system is heating or cooling, floor, ceiling and walls, with panels, each of which has a surface with grooves, which are attached to the heat conductive sheet forming a thermally conductive surface, the panels are connected with the formation of the sub-floor on which the heat conductivity and thermal energy, posted in curing the material for the formation of a flat heat transfer surface to the sub-floor prior to the construction of walls and partitions.2. The system under item 1, in which the means for transferring thermal energy in the form of a pipeline.3. The system under item 1, in which the means for transferring thermal energy made in the form of wires for resistive heating or Coulomb cooling space in contact with the heating system or cooling.4. The system under item 1, which contains a panel of two geometries, of which the first panel design includes many parallel and evenly spaced grooves located between the opposite edges of the first panel and the surface with each groove of the second panel includes a first set of parallel and equidistant grooves extending from the first edge of the second panel and connected via a second set of arc grooves near the second edge of the second panel opposite the first edge, and an additional tangent groove located between the edges of each second panel perpendicular to the first and second edges and tangentially to the arc grooves.5. The system under item 1, in which the groove p is ladenia sex, the ceiling and walls, including the location of many of the panels with the formation of the sub-floor, in which the modular geometry of the grooves of the number of panels forms a network of grooves across the surface of the sub-floor, placing the curable material and the transfer of thermal energy in the network of grooves, alignment curable material for formation of a flat surface with the heat-conducting surface of the panel, the processing of the curable composition for formation of filled thermally conductive surface on the subfloor floor regardless of the location of walls and partitions.7. The method according to p. 6, in which the operation of positioning includes placing the curable material in the network of grooves, placing funds transfer thermal energy to the curable material so that the curable material has improved heat transfer between funds transfer of thermal energy and lots of panels.8. The method according to p. 7, in which the operation of placing the curable material includes a selection of cured composition that is visually distinguishable from the panel surface during processing to detect the location of the means of transmission of thermal energy.9. Modular element containing popularnosti panel, receiving its shape and forming a thermally conductive surface and the groove with a thermally conductive coating, curing the material, forming a flat surface with a thermally conductive surface.10. Modular element according to p. 9, in which the hardening material made in the form of an elastomeric compound.11. Modular element according to p. 10, in which the elastomeric compound includes a component that enhances thermal conductivity between the means for transferring heat energy and heat-conductive sheet.12. Modular element according to p. 9, in which the curable material previously placed in the groove with the conductive coating.
FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.
SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.
EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.
6 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: hot-water central heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: plate heating panel comprises top and bottom plates made in block one opposite to the other to define inner passage for hot water, a number of joining members each of which passes symmetrically from the top and bottom plates to the bottom and top plates and connects the top plate with the bottom plate, inner passage for hot water defined by a number of joining members, and two connecting members for supplying and discharging hot water.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
1 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydron or panel radiant heating or cooling systems used for heating living quarters and production facilities, and can be used in floor heating or cooling system both in independent systems wherein thermal conditions are provided by various heat sources, and in central heating system. Floor heating system of living quarters and production facilities consists of supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer means, which are arranged in parallel grooves that are located at an equal distance from each other and routed in upper surface of heating panels above which there installed is heat-conducting surface. In the grooves of heating panels there arranged is a set of jet-type tubes serving as heat energy transfer means and made in the form of separate sealed metal housings with evaporation and condensation zones, into inner cavity of which there pumped in vacuum is liquid heat conductor, at that, each of those tubes is connected to supply pipeline at an angle of 2-3° relative to the base of heating panels.
EFFECT: reducing the volume of heat carrier and decreasing costs required for fuel and energy, reducing heating time and time of response to change of heating loads, and simplifying the system design and operation thereof.
3 tbl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises bearing layer, in which at least one slot is provided, passing from layer surface deep down. Slot is intended to locate line to maintain even temperature. Slot has several sections, axes of which are displaced and/or arranged at the angle relative to each other. Sections follow each other directly or via transition parts. For fixation of line at least one lateral side of slot in specified areas in sections of slot and/or on transition sections is partially arranged with undercut. Slot continuously narrows to its mouth in one area between bottom and mouth of slot.
EFFECT: simple and reliable fixation of line for maintenance of even temperature.
18 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to develop heating devices based on resistive film elements is carried out by cutting sections from a heat film roll, which are connected by current-conducting buses with a stapler with the help of brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections and with assembly wires are coated with an insulating tape. The current-conducting bus is a solid copper bus. Connection of the current-conducting bus and the wire is carried out by wire bending and fixation with brackets, areas of connection of current-conducting buses with heat film sections are glued with a heat-resistant insulating tape, which is applied at one side of the insulated heat film, and the second side is insulated, bending the insulating tape along the line of heat film cutting.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to accelerate process of assembly, to increase heat emission and to reduce its cost.
1 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to room floor heating and/or cooling systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in domestic and office buildings and structures. A floor heating (cooling) system containing a heat-insulating layer, a concrete layer with a low-inertia heat exchange coil arranged in it for circulation of a heat carrier or a cooling medium, which is located near the floor surface, a heat-conducting metallic material, additionally contains an accumulation heat exchange coil located deep in the concrete layer, with that, low-inertia and accumulation heat exchange coils are combined with bypass lines provided with gate valves and a circulating pump, and a metal mesh contacting the low-inertia heat exchange coil is used as a heat-conducting material.
EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of use of cold (heat) accumulated in solid mass of the flooring and control of cold (heat) release to maintain the most optimum room microclimate parameters.
SUBSTANCE: floor heating system of residential and industrial rooms, filled with heat carrier includes supply and return pipelines and heat energy transfer tubes laid equidistant from each other. Set of tubes is connected with one end to one check valve, and with other end - to the second check valve located in the hydraulic pump. Hydraulic pump housing has corrugated metal pipe with thin wall, one end of which is connected to the supply pipeline, and the other is plugged, wherein the source of thermal energy through supply pipeline is connected with flow converter, connected through the return pipeline with a circulation pump and heat energy source.
EFFECT: it allows to increase heat transfer coefficient of heat exchange surfaces and increase capacity of heating system, as well as provide reliable heat carrier circulation in pipeline circuit.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to development of design solutions to create efficient, environmentally friendly buildings and structures, where the specified air temperature is maintained, and can be used in construction of facilities for heating and/or cooling rooms in residential and industrial buildings, warehouses and livestock farms, in greenhouses for heating the soil when growing early vegetables, by means of pipes with passing in them a heat carrier or a coolant. Assigned task is solved by that method of construction of energy-efficient structures, according to which a foundation is erected in a process sequence, on the foundation a base is installed, after that, wall are erected, then mounted are covering, elements of the roof and the roof, ventilation and heating system is mounted by means of which the specified temperature is maintained in premises, in the heating system to transfer the floor heat of the specified temperature heating mats are used, which are made modular in the form of multilayer panels, which are placed on a prepared base with a hydraulic insulating heat-reflecting layer and are connected to the power supply system of the structure. Herewith each heating mat is equipped with a thermal element and is made with a heat-insulating and a heat-accumulating layers, which are made from sieving into fractions of 3-16 mm of encapsulated porous aggregate, mainly, expanded clay, the porous aggregate is bound with a cement-glue composition only at contact points of capsules, herewith the aggregate layers are laid one by one and continuously by fractions, the heat-insulating layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 5-16 mm, the heat-retaining layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 3-10 mm, herewith the heat-insulating layer is laid with thickness of not less than 20 mm, and the heat-retaining layer - with thickness of not less than 30 mm and not less than 3.5 diameters of the thermal element. Besides, a system for maintaining temperature in the construction containing the heating device accommodating thermal elements for heating and heat transfer to the floor. Herewith the heating device is made in the form of a heating mat with a heat-insulation layer and a heat-retaining layer, and the thermal element is made in the form of a corrugated thin-wall pipe and is arranged in the heat-retaining layer between two metal grids mounted on distancers, inside the thermal element there is a heating element in the form of a wire or a spiral, which is made from a heat-resistant and chemical-resistant alloyed with rare-earth metals alloy, and the free thermal element inner space is filled with a mixture of non-conducting electricity-refractory, fire-refractory materials.
EFFECT: technical task of invention is to develop a project of a building and a structure, in which supported is a preset uniform temperature, for which a system for maintaining a preset temperature in a room shall be developed, including for this purpose a heating device shall be developed supporting the specified temperature.
7 cl, 3 dwg