Capsule unit

 

(57) Abstract:

The unit is designed to convert kinetic energy of water flow and heat exhaust from hydro generator, into electrical energy. The unit contains a capsule with the outer skin and placed in the capsule hydrogenerator and channel for the passage of circulating air. Additionally, the hydraulic unit is equipped with a thermoelectric generator, the cold junctions which are located on the outer casing of the capsule, and hot junctions in the channel for the passage of circulating air. The device is designed to increase efficiency through the use of heat taken away from the hydrogenerator. 2 Il.

The invention relate to hydromelioration and can be used in capsule units.

Known capsule unit containing capsule with the outer skin and placed in the capsule hydrogenerator and channel for the passage of circulating air [1].

A disadvantage of the known capsule unit is lowered level of efficiency, as it is transformed into heat energy losses in the hydro generator is not used. This heat is carried away by the circulating air force system is the first air passes through the channel for the passage of circulating air. This capsule unit is selected as a prototype.

The basis of the invention is the task of increasing the efficiency of capsule unit from the conversion into electricity of the part of the heat removed from the hydrogenerator circulating air.

The invention consists in that a sealed unit containing capsule with the outer skin n it is placed in the capsule hydrogenerator and channel for the passage of circulating air, equipped with a thermoelectric generator, the cold junctions of which is placed on the outside of the casing, and hot junctions in the channel for the passage of circulating air.

As a result of this loss of energy in the hydro generator, which previously was irretrievably lost with the heat transferred from the circulation of air through the outer wall of the capsule into the environment, is partially converted into electricity, which will increase the efficiency of the capsule unit.

In Fig. 1 shows a diagram of capsule unit. Capsule unit contains the capsule 1 with the outer skin 2 and placed in the capsule 1 hydrogenerator 3 and channel 4 for the passage of circulating air. Capsule hydraulic unit is equipped with thermoelectrics USCA circulation of air. Air circulation in the capsule 1 is provided with a fan 8 driven in rotation by an electric motor 9.

In Fig. 2 shows a schematic of a thermoelectric generator.

Capsule unit operates as follows. Circulating air takes away from the hydrogenerator warmth and due to this heated. Once in the channel 4, the circulation air heats the hot junctions 7 thermoelectric generator 5, the cold junctions 6 which is cooled by a stream of water, washing the capsule 1. As a result, the heat removed by the circulating air from the hydrogenerator, partially converted into electricity in thermoelectric generator 5, which will increase the efficiency of the capsule unit.

Sources of information

1. Stepankov Y. A. installation and maintenance of machinery plants hydroelectric power plants. - M.: Vysshaya SHKOLA, 1985, S. 62-64.

A sealed unit containing capsule with the outer skin and placed in the capsule hydrogenerator and channel for the passage of circulating air, characterized in that it is provided with a thermoelectric generator, the cold junctions of which is placed on the outside of the casing, and hot junctions in the channel for the passage of blood circulation to the

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to hydroelectric plants, which can be installed in a gravity flow of water at different depths and to work at any time of the year

The invention relates to wind energy, namely, devices for signal generation of electrical power using wind power

The invention relates to hydropower and is designed to convert the kinetic energy of the flow of river water into electrical energy

The invention relates to hydropower and is designed to convert the kinetic energy of the flow of river water into electrical energy

The invention relates to hydropower

Generator universal // 2103782
The invention relates to a device for generating electrical energy in the energy field, which uses alternative energy sources (wind, flowing water, with kinetic energy)

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to create powerful hydroelectric power plants, do not require the construction of dams

The invention relates to the field of hydropower turbine installations in relation to the rapid streams with significant natural slope of river

Coastal buoy // 2185303
The invention relates to mechanics, in particular the warning light buoys, coastal marine waters

Energy complex // 2183287
The invention relates to energy, aimed at increasing the efficiency of operation of electro-hydraulic pump storage power plants

Tidal power plant // 2182256
The invention relates to hydropower and can be used, in particular, tidal power plants

Unit // 2179260

Pendulum engine // 2176327

Dam hydroelectric // 2173745
The invention relates to hydraulic engineering and can be used in the construction of hydropower plants in any location

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has metallic hubs of stator and rotor, wherein crowns of stator and rotor are concentrically pressed. Crowns of stator and rotor are made of durable ceramics and are additionally equipped with connections, allowing to exclude non-controlled turning of crowns in hubs and spontaneous axial displacement thereof.

EFFECT: higher reliability and efficiency.

2 dwg

Up!