(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the agricultural industry. Greenhouse agromet has a farm (1), self-propelled truck (2), wheel studs (3), the geared motor (4) to lift farm (1), removable platform (5) attached to their equipment, cabin (6), a transport carriage (7), mounted on the removable platform (5) and installed with the possibility of rotation around the longitudinal axis (9) drums with mounted at their equipment, scoring machines (12) for fixing the drums in the right positions. This allows you to omit the soil necessary agricultural tools from among fixed on the rotary drums. Agromet can be used to perform agricultural work not only block the greenhouse, but also on neighboring greenhouse agropedia under the open sky, what wheels with spikes are replaced with wide rubber tracks. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il. Greenhouse agromet relates to the agricultural industry.Greenhouse Agramonte known, for example, patent of the Russian Federation 2099911 And 01 In 49/00. This agromet can move blocks of greenhouses on wheels or caterpillar with spikes.The most grip of the soil and its hyphenation, fixed platforms, as well as other units with equipment and machinery, can be placed on a lower plane of farm agromet prototype. The performance of this device can be significantly increased, and its functionality has been expanded.Goal - improving the performance of agromet due to the possibility of quick change of positions of several agricultural implements mounted on the bottom surface of the farm Agramonte, as well as enhanced functionality due to the possibility of use in greenhouses and adjacent to the greenhouses open ground.The possibility of achieving the goal is ensured by the fact that agromet is rotatable around the longitudinal axes of the drums and fixed on them plates with equipment, with agromet has scoring machines for fixing the drums with the equipment in the desired working positions;
while agromet can be made with rubber treads.In Fig. 1 shows a front view of agromet standing on the trolley for movement between blocks of greenhouses and between the ruts on agropedia under the open sky.In Fig. 2 - vet one of the platforms with the image of a gear motor, turn them drums with equipment and scoring machines of the provisions of the drums.In Fig.4 is a view along arrow B in Fig.3.In Fig. 5 is an example of execution of the node agromet containing metallic wheel drive.In Fig. 6 - scheme of the drum with four plates for mounting equipment, cut.In Fig.7 is a diagram of the drum with three plates.In Fig. 8 is an example of execution of the node agromet containing rubber caterpillar and drive her leading rollers.In Fig.9 is an example of the layout of the greenhouse and adjacent agropedia, which can serve agromet.Greenhouse agromet has a farm 1, self-propelled truck 2, wheel 3, the geared motor 4 to lift farm 1, a removable platform 5 mounted on their equipment, cabin 6 placed in her auxiliary power and technological equipment /not shown/, a transport carriage 7, the device 8 with the rod for fixing Agramonte on the transport cart, mounted on removable platforms 5 and rotatable around the longitudinal axis 9, the reel 10 mounted on them plates 11 mounted on their equipment, scoring machines 12 for fixa shaft 14, while agricultural tools are lifted above the ground or penetrate into it. The drums 10 are three or four bracket 15, which allow you to pin on reel three or four plates with the equipment, as shown in Fig.4, where figure 16 it is noted, for example, paws guided for different purposes and with different distances between them, 17 - feet cultivators-okucnicom, 18 - rink for covering, mounted for movement relative to the plate 11, on which it is mounted. Can be mounted and other streamlined agricultural tools, large-size agricultural machines, such as multi Selkie, are mounted on separate platforms 5, which after removal of platforms with 5 reels 10 are mounted on farm 1 Agramonte. The drums 10 are rotated by the reversible motor-reducer 19 through the circuit 20. Scoring machines 12 consist of spring-loaded rods 21 which are retracted in the casing scoring machines when applying electric current in winding 22. The same design and scoring machines 23, used for fastening the platform 5 on the bottom plane of the farm 1. Cabin 6 is fixed on all sides of the panoramic Windows 24 is moving on a vertical rod 25, which agromet is carried out from the cab 26, where goes the operator from the cab 6, to move agromet. The drive wheels 27 of the transport trolley is made from two geared motors 28 through the drive shafts 29. Energy for the geared motor 28 is supplied through a three-phase cable 30 that is stored on the drum 31, equipped with a mechanism for winding /not shown/. In the cab 26 also includes moving the vertical rod 32, which is lowered when the truck must stop in place when agromet with ruts 33 in blocks of greenhouses on the guide track 34 on the transport cart. Wheel 3 or the drive roller tracks of agromet /if agromet has not wheeled and tracked propulsion/ are driven from a reversible motor gear 35 through the drive shafts 36 and the gear 37. The geared motor 4 is supplied with energy via a cable stored on the drum 38, provided with a mechanism for winding /not shown/. Figures 39 marked tubular rod connecting body self-propelled trucks Agramonte; numerals 40 and the bottom wall assistive technology corridor guides transport carts; 41 - active soil in the greenhouse; 42 - permanent track on the active area 43 agropedia under the open sky; 44 - spikes on the wheels and /or tracks/ agromet; 45 - vertical is accordingly. Tracks 33 of the auxiliary compartment of the greenhouse, where the stands are stored changeable plates 5 attached to them in the various equipment and machinery (see Fig.9/, agromet with gear motor 4 lowers farm 1 along the guide rails 45 and captures platform attached to the reel 10 need guns. Then agromet is moved on the carriage 7, which is transported to the desired blocks of greenhouses, where the truck by lowering the end of the rod 32 into the corresponding hole on one of the rails 34 of the transport truck is fixed at the position at which the guide 33 trolley wheels agromet can freely go into the rails 33 of the greenhouse. The operator from the cab 26 enters the cabin 6, raises the bar 25, drives off the truck and putting the motor-reducer 19 drums 10 in the desired position, performs the necessary work in the two are opposite each other blocks of the greenhouse, and then moves agromet for processing the following blocks. Spikes 44 and the corresponding holes in the guide rails 33 provide movement of agromet on rails without slipping wheels. Spikes can be on tracks.In addition to the execution of one or more greenhouses, agromet can perform robotto wheels or caterpillar with spikes must have rubber caterpillars 46 or, which is less efficient, wide wheels with pneumatic tyres, having a lug without any metal spikes. With a sufficiently wide tracks such agromet can take a transport truck on a regular compacted dirt track 42 open agropedia and to perform processing sections 43 active area agropedia outdoors: plant the seedlings grown in the greenhouse, and to perform all other complex cultivation of plants. When this broader guides 33, corresponding to the width of the rubber tracks 46, may have corresponding holes for the steel spikes that allows you to let them agromet on wheels or narrow caterpillar with spikes, which eliminates the possibility of slippage when performing, for example, ploughing the soil simultaneously across the width of the surface blocks greenhouse or outside the blocks.The design of the greenhouse agromet may include the use of thrusters with spikes and its replacement by a wide rubber tracks. 1. Greenhouse agromet containing carrier farm on self-propelled trucks, motor-reducer to lift farm, removable platform with fixed equipment, the cabin operamini to control movement of the truck, characterized in that the agricultural tools mounted on the platform means mounted on it can be rotated around the longitudinal axes of the drums with the plates, and agromet has scoring machines for fixing the reel in the desired working position.2. Greenhouse agromet under item 1, characterized in that agromet has rubber caterpillars.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves shallow plowing, deep basic tillage and surface tillage (cultivation) of soil by cutting furrows; after harvesting of cereals, performing simultaneously shallow plowing, surface tillage of soil to depth of up to 16 cm, crushing of soil lumps, compacting, leveling and mulching of soil top layer; in September, providing deep tillage of soil on fields arranged on slopes with gradient exceeding 5 deg while forming vertical slits to depth of 40 cm and inclined slits; simultaneously with slitting procedure, forming water-accumulating vessels, holes and intermittent furrows. Apparatus has hitch, carrier wheels, bearing system and replaceable working tools in the form of disk batteries, flat narrow hoes, rippers with chisel, ring-and-serrated roller, and leveling drum. Blades of leveling drum are arranged at an angle α=30 deg relative to drum axis.
EFFECT: reduced soil erosion and provision for retention of moisture in soil root layer.
3 cl, 9 dwg