Device for the mechanical processing of food products

 

(57) Abstract:

Device for the mechanical processing of food products has a base, on which there are at least two separate attachment, each for one of the food containers with one drive element, and is equipped with a safety mechanism. The actuator is located in the region of each of the attachment points, connected by a drive motor, is equipped with a safety mechanism. The safety element is arranged to move between the two locking positions. When the safety element is in one position, the first attachment point cannot be set food container, while the second attachment point allows you to set designated for its capacity. In another position of the second attachment does not allow to set it to capacity, the first mount is ready to receive the corresponding capacity. The safety element is moved into its blocking position the food capacity, when this specific capacity installed in the destined mount. The result excludes the possibility of parallel connection of several tanks on a few when the IPA food processor with the base, which has at least two separate attachment, each for one tank, in which lay the processed product, with one driving element for each of the attachment points associated functionally with the motor, and with a locking device for containers in each of the attachment points. Device for processing of food products used in the kitchen for various works such as kneading, mixing and whipping. For this purpose usually use a large container or bowl for mixing, which rotates the appropriate working tool, for example a device for kneading dough, vesbaltarve or beat the Corolla. Another use of devices of this type - it is cutting, rubbing, grinding and mixing the respective devices designed for grinding and mixing. To perform these functions, the harvester is equipped with a capacity which is less than the capacity intended for mixing. And finally the third area of application of such devices for processing products is mixing drinks and, additionally, the grinding and crushing, and to this end the device install designed for this capacity.

Usually a separate container or bowl is placed on the drive clutch or drive axle, which protrude from the base and located in the center of the recess matching the shape of such containers. This drive axle is in mating with her sleeve on the bottom of the tank, while the sleeve is held in the interior of the tank or bowl and actuates the corresponding device inside the tank.

To extend the use of food processors, they provide mainly two of the mount, each of which has a separate drive axle. Thus, this capacity for processing of the product is placed on a corresponding drive axis. Two drive axes can rotate at different speeds from one engine located on the base, due to the different gear ratios between the drive shaft of the engine and the specific drive axis.

The purpose of the food safety capacity of such cooking devices block in the corresponding position on the base to provide a reliable drive connection between the container and the base and to ensure such a good connection with the ground during operation, and especially when in the vessel in which trojstvo of this type, which have multiple attachment points for multiple tanks should not be allowed, for reasons of security, so that multiple containers simultaneously pushed to the device and between the containers and the device was installed drive connection.

Having said all this about the devices of this type, which is provided with at least two separate attachment points for various food containers, the technical result from the use of the present invention is to provide such a cooking device with a safety mechanism which will eliminate the possibility of simultaneous operation of multiple containers in multiple drive axles, while the safety device must be simple and reliable design.

Given the known prior art, this problem is solved by a safety device at least one safety element. This safety element has the ability to be translated in at least two positions so that in one position of the first fixation capacity cannot be installed in its working position, while the second mount allows you to install capacity in working position the supply, the second mount allows you to install the tank or vessel in its operating position; this safety element is able to move in their respective blocking position of the food container when the container is installed in the intended for her mount.

The safety element is a simple mechanical part, which performs the function circuit block unused at the moment of the mount, when the container is placed in operating position to another by attachment. Therefore, this safety element is moved in the process of nozzles corresponding capacity in one of the attachment points so that the other mount can't take stick capacity, and as a result, only one tank can be installed on its working axis in the device and bring in engagement with him. If you attempt to set the capacity of the mount in position, when the other tank is already installed in another mount, the safety element can not be moved, its movement is hampered by capacity, which was already installed in the device. Therefore, this safety stroumbini, namely needless to say, when the food container mounted on the harvester. As a safety device, it is advisable to use a safety element that moves between the relevant provisions and constructively not only extremely simple, but functionally and operationally reliable. Offset or installation of the safety element between the relevant provisions of the lock and work provisions may be simple, but the result is a high degree of reliability and robust operation, even when attempts are made improper use of this device.

The safety element, described above, is suitable for use in devices with only two tanks, but, for example, and with three. In this case, a safety element that includes two or more parts if necessary, has a suitable design, and is moved so that, when the food container is installed in one of the attachment points so as to establish a drive connection with the motor of the harvester, the other two attachment blocked by a safety element. In this blocking position of the safety element is represented Gestuet different ways to install a safety element in its blocking position, to prevent leading to the establishment of links between different food capacity and drive axle. Such a simple feature in accordance with p. 3 formula exists when the safety element is moved in the region of the mount at the base of the harvester, which skewer the food container. This part of the safety element, serving the area where you would normally get food capacity for making its operating position, makes it impossible to install the tank and causing communication between the bushing capacitance and the drive axle.

This inability to plant food capacity of its sleeve on the drive axle due to the fact that according to p. 4 formulas of the safety element is a blocking position under the bottom of the food container, and in such attempt, he does not omit to put the bushing capacitance on the drive axle, if such attempt is made.

According to the point 5 of the formula can be used another preferred design of the safety element that prevents installing the tank when the safety element is a locking position. In this design, the safety element is in the blocking position comes to locking and/or the food container is locked in the attachment. The safety element, moving in these locking and/or blocking elements, it cannot be engaged with each other.

As already noted, it is desirable (according to p. 6 formulas) that the safety element is moved into the blocking position when the food container is installed in the mount. Then the user does not require any other actions to establish the safety element, except those which he does anyway, when it determines the capacity of its respective attachment point.

The safety element may have a simple structure (see PP.7 and 8 the formula), according to which it is linearly moved between different positions, i.e. between the respective blocking position and a work position. With this purpose, the safety element can be fastened by a sliding manner on the guide, so that when it moves along the guide in the appropriate restrictive provisions, it blocks one or the other attachment, eliminating the possibility of nozzles food containers. In addition, the construction in which the safety element is located and moves along the guide, can provide good stabilin the positive element is derived from the characteristics of p. 9 formula, according to which the safety element is designed to rotate around the axis, not to perform a linear movement. In this case, the safety element may be oval or any other shape, so when it rotates, it acts its peripheral zones of interaction in the interaction region of attachment points or closing and/or locking elements in the attachment. This safety element has the form of a Cam disk with the respective working surfaces that come into contact with food capacity, properly installed in the mount to move the safety element.

To move the safety element in the corresponding blocking position, well, if food capacity (according to p. 10 formula) will have the Cam surface. This Cam surface, for example, wedge-shaped, will work for the safety element when the container is installed in the mount slipping the safety element, and when this capacity is blocked in mount locking and/or blocking elements with a light rotating movement. If, on the other fixation capacity already for the camping in the blocking position, which cannot be changed due to the fact that in another mount installed capacity. Therefore, a slight rotation cannot be set or lock food container in its mount. According to p. 11 formulas such Cam surface is preferably provided on the outer circumference of the bottom of the food container.

This safety element can also be placed on the upper side of the base in accordance with p. 12 formula, where it can be seen by the user (consumer). Thus, the user will easily see the position of the safety element, and he will not try to make an effort to set the capacity of the attachment, if the safety element is in the blocking position for one tank, because in another attachment capacity is already installed.

According to p. 13 the formula for the length of movement of the safety element can limit stops to ensure the movement of only element between the relevant blocking provisions.

Further details and features of the present invention will be apparent from the following description of the options shown in the illustrating drawings.

< processing of the product, the other capacity is derived from the operating position of the safety element;

in Fig. 2 is a front view of the device in figure 1, where capacity is depicted in partial section;

in Fig.3 is a top view of the device of Fig.1;

in Fig. 4 is a partial section II-II of the device of Fig 3 in parts of the safety element;

in Fig.5 - safety element (increased), bottom view.

Device for the mechanical processing of food products according to Fig.2, 3 includes a base 1 with two attachment points 2, 3, each for one tank 4, 6. In the device left 4 capacity with a smaller diameter is used mainly for mixing liquids, and the right 6 with a larger diameter are mainly used for kneading dough, slicing, education mixtures and other types of food processing. In the rear of the chassis in Fig. 1, approximately between the two attachment points 2, 3, on the basis of a is a closed structure in the form of tower 5, which is the engine (motor), here it is not shown in more detail. On the output shaft of the motor are fixed to the driving pulley, which by means of a belt connected with the pulleys of the drive elements (rollers) 7, 8 (pulleys is AMI attachment 2, 3 for tanks 4, 6, rotating with different speeds of rotation. The output shaft of the engine, drive pulley, two driven pulley and the belt form the drive mechanism of the device for the mechanical processing of food products, which is located in the base 1 under the tanks.

For food processing each of the tanks 4, 6 are put on intended for her attachment 2 or 3 and turn slightly so that the corresponding locking and/or blocking elements 9, 29 attachment points 2,3 and capacities of 4.6, as shown in Fig.1 and 2, engages.

In Fig.1, 2 and 3 of the safety element 11, which is fixed on the guide 12 of the holder 13, which forms part of the base 1, thereby to slide in the direction shown by the double arrow 14 (Fig.2 and 3) located on the upper side 10 of the base 1 between the attachment points 2, 3. The longitudinal size of the safety element 11 is moved along the guide 12 in the directions indicated in Fig. 3 by the arrow 14, is such that allows you to set in the working position only one tank 4 or 6 in the slot of the roller 7 or 8.

As can be seen from Fig.4, the safety element 11 includes a housing 16 with the upper part 15 and the two plates 18 located in EXT is the 11. At the end of each of the plates 18 is provided by the grippers 20 in the form of hooks, the ends of which are directed toward the centerline 19.

The safety element 11 is located on the guide 12 of the holder 13 so that the two plates 18 their grips 20 tightly compresses the guide 12 and thus provide a fastening of the safety element 11 on the guide rail 12. Longitudinal guideway size less than the internal space 17 of the safety element 11. The safety element 11 can be moved along the guide 12 in the direction of the double arrow 14 as left-hand or right-hand blocking position.

If the safety element is now right-side blocking position, as shown in Fig. 2 and 3, a solid line, left-hand drive capacity 4 can be inserted in the left-hand attachment 2, because of the safety element 11 releases the Cam surface 22 on the container 4, allowing it to rotate and simultaneously to lower in attachment 2. For this purpose on the outer circumference of the bottom of the tank 4 is provided by the Cam surface 22, the protruding portion which is directed radially outward.

To zablokirovanii arrow of rotation 23, to enter engages the corresponding locking/or locking elements 29 on the inner part of the hollow skirt 28 of the container 4 with the corresponding locking and/or blocking elements 9 in attachment 2. As a result, the capacity of 4 for processing product will be rigidly connected with the base 1. When the drive roller 7 is connected with the working axis 31 of the container 4. When the container 4 is turned in the direction of the arrow 23, she sits on the drive roller 7, thus locking and/or blocking elements 9, 29 function as a threaded hole into which is screwed into the tank 4 and is locked in this position.

When the container is turned in the direction of the arrow of rotation 23, the Cam 22 is rotated to the safety element 11 up until the working surface 32 of the Cam 22 is not adjacent to the outer side of the safety element 11, that is, the housing 16 (Fig.4), moving the safety element in the right-hand position (Fig.3).

This shift of the safety element 11 in position to the right is possible, however, only if the other tank 6 is not installed in its operating position in the right-hand mount 3, which is in contrast to the left of the mount in the shape of the dome has come to legati the right-hand outer side of the safety element 11, making it impossible movement or installation of the safety element 11 to the right to install left 4 capacity. Therefore, the capacity of 4 for processing of the product, which is placed on the left of the fixation point 2, can be rotated further, since the leading edge 32 of the Cam surface of the end-to-end adjacent to the safety element 11 and cannot be turned on (the drawing is not shown). Thus, it is envisaged that only one container 4 can be installed in operating position on the base 1 of the device, provided with two attachment points 2, 3, as shown on the drawings.

In Fig. 1 shows the location of the vessel, which left the tank 4, which is left attachment 2, is rigidly locked to the base 1, while the right-hand tank 6 shown in the position in which it is not connected with a drive roller 8, as is evident from Fig. 3. When installing the left of the tank mount 2 it its working surface of the Cam presses the safety element 11 in the locking position to the right and right-capacity 6 cannot rotate further, since the working surface 33 of the Cam 24 will rest against the safety element. the Tami 9 and lower, that makes it impossible to establish a connection between the working axis 34 of the container 6 and the driving roller 8 of the base 1.

As shown in the embodiment of Fig.2, 3 and 4, the safety element 11 slides linearly on the guide rail 12 in the direction of the double arrow 14. It is a very simple and at the same time effective safety device, which in all cases prevent the imposition of the container 6 in the working position, and therefore, resulting in coupling with other leading roller 8, when the container 4 is already installed in the device in position ready for use.

Because of the safety element is located on the upper side 10 of the base 1 between the two attachment points 2 and 3, where it is well seen by the user, the user can always determine that the second tank cannot be installed in the afferent coupling with the driving roller 8, if the capacity of 4 is already installed in the device, namely due to the fact that the blocking element 11 is moved to its blocking position. Thus, the user does not have to use force in an attempt to establish the second tank 6 on the base 1.

1. Device for the mechanical processing of food products, characterizes food containers (4,6) one rotatable working tool, located in each of the food containers (4,6), the capacity (4,6) equipped with a locking device (9,29), designed for each of the attachment points, characterized in that it additionally provided with a safety element (11) which is arranged to adjust at least between two positions so that in one position the mount (2) the first food container (4) it is not possible to set the first capacity, while the mount (3) a second food container (6) allows you to set the specified second tank, in a different position in the attachment (3) the second food containers must not be fitted with a second food container (6), while the mount (2) the first food container allows you to set the first food receptacle (4).

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) is arranged to move in their respective blocking position the food capacity (4,6), when installing this capacity (4,6) in its attachment point (2,3).

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11), while in the corresponding blocking position, is arranged to move in on the Sabbath.">

4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) in its blocking position has the possibility of placing food capacity (4,6), when the container is installed in its mount in the direction of the axis of the drive element (7,8).

5. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) is arranged to move to its blocking position in the region locking and/or blocking elements (9) on food containers and/or in the attachment, not letting these elements to engage each other.

6. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) is arranged to move to its blocking position for one of the food containers (4,6), when the other tank (6,4) installed in its mount (2,3) to use.

7. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) made with the possibility of linear movement between blocking and working conditions.

8. The device according to p. 7, characterized in that the safety element (11) is fixed to a sliding manner on the guide rail (12).

9. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety cell battery (included) the 10. The device under item 1, characterized in that each of the food containers (4,6) has a corresponding Cam surface (22,24), which in the working position provides movement of the safety element (11) in its blocking position.

11. The device according to p. 10, characterized in that the Cam surface (22,24) is performed on the outer circumference of the bottom of the food container (4,6).

12. The device under item 1, characterized in that the safety element (11) is provided on the upper side (10) of the base (1).

13. The device under item 1, characterized in that the length of movement of the safety element (11) is limited by stops.

 

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