Biocomplex murawski century a.

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for growing plants, fish and birds. In this ecosystem, with cold and hot water, ventilation with automatic control units and reservoir beds, located on the load-bearing beams over the pond, made in the form of rising terraces and form into a single thermal displacement of the top insulated compartment for growing certain plants with the appropriate microclimate. On the side and the internal cavities of the beds arranged compartments for housing and other needs, and at the bottom sides of the pond in the recesses arranged cultivators of vermicompost. In addition, wall beds with from a reservoir that has a adjustable drainage in the drain gutter outside of the reservoir. Wall beds are the reflectors. The Foundation of the working part of the greenhouse is her body, and wall beds rest on the beams of the reservoir and internal support. This provides increased productivity regardless of the environment and time of year. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for growing plants, fish and birds.

Known greenhouse /1/, inclusive floors at ground level are arranged trays with installed shikami for fish production, but at the level of the upper floor mounted crane beam.

The disadvantages of the devices /1/ is a shade plant floor joists, as well as unused amount above the trays and the inner ends of the floors that leads to excess energy.

Closest to the claimed is bio-complex on /2/ greenhouse installed with trays bearing beams over the pond, equipped with lighting, heating and irrigation, as well as the house.

Disadvantages biocomplex for /2/ is the need for more space under the house and reservoir, respectively, additional energy and material consumption, as well as the deterioration of the terms of service of the beds, in particular, their drainage.

An object of the invention is to significantly improve the productivity of plant and animal biomass in all latitudes, regardless of the environment and time of year, with a maximum reduction of its cost.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in this ecosystem, with cold and hot water, ventilation with automatic control units and reservoir beds, raspolozheniju isolated compartments for growing certain plants with the appropriate microclimate, on the side and the internal cavities of the beds arranged compartments for housing and other needs, and at the bottom sides of the pond in the recesses arranged cultivators of vermicompost, in addition, wall beds with from a reservoir that has a adjustable drainage in the drain gutter outside of the reservoir, the walls of the beds have reflectors, the Foundation of the working part of the greenhouse is her body, and wall beds rest on the beams of the reservoir and internal support.

In Fig.1 shows the increase in cross section along the axis of the main view. In Fig.2 depicts the planned projection biocomplex in section a-A. In Fig.3 shows a cross-section b-B isolated ohuruogo Department. In Fig.4 is a cross section of tomato-pepper isolated branch. In Fig.5 is a cross section of an isolated branch of the everbearing strawberry with melons.

The ecosystem includes the greenhouse frame 1, the casing of which is its Foundation, transparent coating 2, the transparent wall 3, which divides the greenhouse on isolated branches: heat 4, a food preparation room 5, the heat source 6, the container for storage of 7 mixes, scales 8, expansion tank solar heater 9, the heating pipes 10, the flue pipe 11, the pipe is cold what about the reflectors 36, trench drain 18, bearing beds 19, beams bearing 20, the track lifting and turning 21, the cultivator of vermicompost 22, the reservoir 23, the drain pipe and water level regulation 24, the pump with the filter 25, the service ladder 26, cascade multistage jet 27, irrigation pipe with nozzles 28, tapestries 29. Actually the greenhouse consists of a frame 1, a transparent cover 2, a transparent partitions 3, separating the greenhouse on isolated branches: Ogurtsova - section b-B, tomato-pepper - In-In, remontant-strawberry with melons - G-G, Department mushroom 30, house 31 with autonomously 32, autopiloy 33 and cell 34 having two outputs: one to the side of the reservoir and a second side pad walking waterfowl, Sparrowhawk 35 and heat supply station 4 and a food preparation room 5. The heating system includes a heat source 6, the expansion unit - solar heater 9 and the heating pipes 10. System hot and cold water includes a heat source 6, the expansion tank solar heater 9, the irrigation pipe with nozzles 28. The lighting system includes a control Cabinet 14 and fluorescent lamps with wires 15. Ventilation - vent with fanlight transoms devices 16. The ridges 17, located on the load-bearing beams over volinia for growing certain plants with the appropriate microclimate, on the side and the internal cavities of the beds arranged compartments for housing and other needs, and at the bottom sides of the pond in the recesses arranged cultivators of vermicompost. They include walls with waterproofing, drainage, gutter drain 18 and the support 19. Track lifting and turning 21 is located on the supporting beams 20. Cultivators of vermicompost 22 are boxes, closed lid of the floor. The reservoir 23 includes a Weir water level regulation 24, the pump with the filter 25, the service ladder 26, cascade multistage jet 27.

The biocomplex is performed in the following sequence:

1. Filling of heating systems, hot and cold water and water 23 water.

2. Hot water from boiler 6 or solar water heater 9 for irrigation of plants.

3. Heating of greenhouses and reservoir 23 from the heating pipes as needed.

4. Using the Weir 24 cleaning the surface of the reservoir 23 of the fin and the regulation of water levels.

5. The size of the vent opening transoms 16 regulates the humidity in isolated branches of the greenhouse. At the extreme values of air temperature surface greenhouses served teploizoliruyuschih the reservoir 23 is accelerated by the rotation of the tracks in a vertical position. Water heating in cold weather is with boiler and expansion tank, working as a boiler.

6. The beds are filled with garden earth with vermicompost and planted seedlings of plants and groups of plants with similar compatibility vegetation conditions are seated in respective isolated branch with its microclimate. As plants grow they podvyazyvayut to the trellis 29, and fluorescent lamps provide dosvetku plants, lifting as they grow.

7. Plant nutrition and feed additives in the form of live fish and poultry provide a cultivator of vermicompost 22, which eliminates the use of chemicals.

8. For joint and safe cultivation of fish and waterfowl in the reservoir 23 trigger fish fry weighing 100-200 g of Feed lower on the ledges of the reservoir 23, where they grow aquatic vegetation, benthos and plankton. All of it is used as food.

9. With the help of ladder maintenance 26 fish are harvested, cleaning and disinfection of the reservoir 23.

10. Maintenance of the house and mushroom offices, as well as separate compartments of plant products and auxiliary units is made by SUNY of their names.

The proposed solution allows in addition to herbal products to produce animal products: fish, poultry, mushrooms - in terms of zero waste when the waste of some technological processes go as fodder for others.

Literature

1. A. C. the USSR 1494883, M CL 5 A 01 G 9/14, 1989

2. RF patent 2124828, M CL 6 A 01 G 9/14, 1998

1. The ecosystem, including the greenhouse, cold, hot water supply, ventilation with automatic control units and the reservoir, characterized in that the ridges located on the load-bearing beams over the pond, made in the form of rising terraces and form into a single thermal displacement of the top insulated compartment for growing certain plants with the appropriate microclimate on the side and the internal cavities of the beds arranged compartments for housing and other needs, and at the bottom sides of the pond in the recesses arranged cultivators of vermicompost.

2. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the wall of the beds with from a reservoir that has a adjustable drainage in the drain gutter outside of the reservoir.

3. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the wall of the beds have svetootrazhatelnuyu.

5. The ecosystem under item 1, characterized in that the wall of the beds rest on the beams of the reservoir and internal support.

 

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