Shelter

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a cover, in particular, for the beds, and folding and portable protective cover, for example, for recreation, trade and tourism. The shelter includes a frame containing the lower binding of articulated elements, ridged rod located between the harness and the ridge thrust pair of struts and nodes of their swivel, flexible coating, placed on top of the frame having sides and ends and connected with the frame by means of fasteners and anchors for securing the cover to the ground. Bottom rail and ridge thrust made in the form of parallel spaced longitudinal jointed rods not less than three. Nodes swivel longitudinal elements of the articulated rods are made can be rotated to an angle of 180o. The struts of each pair is made of an elastic, tight and installed opposite to each other in planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cover. The ends of the coating made with the possibility of disclosure. The frame contains one or more pairs of struts. The frame may include a second ridge thrust, made in the form of longitudinal jointed rod and located computers is crossed. If the longitudinal jointed rods ridge rods are located close to each other, they are connected with the possibility of separation. This creates a simple, easy and cheap shelter with variable dimensions and constantly strained floor, allowing the installation of the film in two layers with an air gap between them, dock shelters along the length and width of a bed, lifting the cover during operation, watering the garden without lifting the cover, convenient for transportation, installation and storage. 24 C.p. f-crystals, 29 ill.

The invention relates to a cover, in particular, for the beds, and folding and portable protective cover, for example, for recreation, trade and tourism.

Known shelter for plants containing the frame as mounted on a flexible basis arched elements with longitudinal elements and couplings mounting and film coating. All arched elements are installed on the base pairs close to each other, and the elements of each pair are connected in the lower and middle parts of the couplings, and the upper part of the arched elements adjacent pairs are curved in opposite directions and connected with the upper parts of the adjacent pairs (see ed. mon. THE USSR 1153858, MCI AND 01 G 9/14, 07.05.85). Constrai: being dug, it does not rise from a bed entirely, and the presence of curved elements and the base eliminates the possibility of accessing and processing the beds even if you remove the floor.

Known shelter for plants, also including the frame of the arched elements and longitudinal performed in bands with zigzags. On a skeleton wearing a film coating, mounted on top of the cord placed in zigzags (see ed. mon. THE USSR 1635944, MCI AND 01 G 9/14, 23.03.91). This shelter allows removal - moving entirely. Its disadvantages - the inconvenience of permutations and storage, a large consumption of the framework, weak fastening the cover and the film coating during operation.

Known collapsible shelter mainly for citrus, comprising a frame of rigid Central pillars of adjustable length mounted along the longitudinal axis of the row of plants on which the hinge is installed arc, bury the ends in the ground and connected by longitudinal cables, and flexible protective coating (see ed. mon. THE USSR 1349726, MCI AND 01 G 9/16, 07.11.87). For soil series cover off, removed from the soil ends of the arcs, deploy them in the plan for the 90oand again slid into the soil. This current dismantling of the shelter is time-consuming, and the presence of p is iversally frame module (ACM), includes the base wrapping around the base of which is connected to the harness dome guard is made of elastic arches and soft floor, spanned over fences, piping and fencing is made from the same type of arcs in the form of rings or parts thereof, such as large semirings. Each pair of opposing rings fence pivotally interconnected at the top of the dome, and with the binding - sites of the rings, the opposite vertex to the plot and axes all parallel hinges (see RF patent 2097518, MKI E 04 H 15/24, 15/48, 27.11.97). UKM is folding pre-fabricated shelter, however, it is unsuitable for elongated along the length of the squares of the type of garden, in addition, it is difficult to put in other than the axisymmetric base forms.

Closest to the claimed invention to the technical essence and the achieved effect is collapsible shelter for plants, comprising a frame with a lower binding of the individual elements on the perimeter established by the heels for tying arches and connecting the top of the arch with harness tense flexible ridge thrust, film coating and the hinged connections of elements piping, arches and cover between them and the elements strapping fit under the toe and in the middle of W close to the tops of the arches of adjacent pairs (see RF patent 2113109, MCI And 01 G 9/16, 20.06.98). The disadvantages of this shelter are the complexity and heaviness of the structure, leading to high consumption of material on a frequent arc and numerous articulated nodes, failure of ventilation and processing of the bed without removing the cover (ridge thrust anchors to the ground all the shelter in length, and the attempt to release part of the coating along the length will cover all shelter type "Domino"), the strain relief cover in warm weather, and the inability to change the span of the shelter operation.

The technical problem solved by the present invention is to create a simple, easy and cheap shelter with variable dimensions and constantly strained floor, allowing ventilation and lift the cover during operation, dock shelters along the length and width of the garden, watering the garden without lifting cover (shelter), convenient for transportation, installation and storage.

The problem is solved in that in the inventive shelter comprising a frame containing the lower binding of articulated elements, ridged rod located between the harness and the ridge thrust pair of struts and nodes of their swivel, flexible coating, placed on top of car attaching the shelter to the ground, bottom rail and ridge thrust made in the form of parallel spaced longitudinal jointed rods of at least three nodes swivel longitudinal elements of the articulated rods are made can be rotated to an angle of 180othe struts of each pair is made of an elastic, tight and installed opposite to each other in planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cover, and the ends of the coating made with the possibility of disclosure.

The frame contains one or more pairs of struts. The frame may include a second ridge thrust, made in the form of longitudinal jointed rod and located parallel to the first, with spacers of each pair are installed in planes inclined at an angle to each other or cross. If the longitudinal jointed rods ridge rods are located close to each other, they are connected with the possibility of separation.

Spacers made in the form of rings, ovals, parts thereof, or a combination. The spacer may be made in the form of a beam of the rack, the frame contains at least four spacers that are installed on the edges and rotated counter to the direction of the nearest end of the cover. Spacers separate pairs of the longitudinal axis of the cover. Spacers can be made in the form of struts, spring along the length or at the ends (end).

Longitudinal jointed rods bottom trim, and/or ridge thrust is made with an internal cavity and a longitudinal slit or continuous with one or more longitudinal slots of type "dovetail". The surface of the internal cavity or slit dovetail may be provided around the perimeter of longitudinal ridges (or grooves).

The mount cover is made in the form of an insert placed in the internal cavity or inside the slot dovetail longitudinal jointed rod, the insert has a cross section that is larger than the base dimension of the slit. The insert is made hollow from an elastic material with a cross section of "gross" is not less than the cross-section of the internal cavity or slit dovetail longitudinal jointed rod. The insert can be made of a perforated length in one or more series. The floor is made of film, mesh or composite material, while the material may be tinted or retain water, but the air flow.

The coating can be made of a composite of separate parts, with one part connected to the frame and zakryvaj with the possibility of withdrawal. The ends of the coating can be a continuation of its sides and to be provided with means of connection type of ties, buttons, buttons, clasps "lightning" or "Velcro".

The coating can be made of a composite of separate parts, with each lateral side connected with the longitudinal articulated tie rod and the longitudinal jointed rod ridge thrust, and the ends made in the cross-sectional shape of the cover, the coating provided on the top, overlapping the longitudinal jointed rods ridge rods.

The coating can be made with two layers, the upper layer coating is located outside the longitudinal jointed rods of the frame, and the lower fixed therein by inserting; or two-layer coating made of a material in the form of a sleeve, the upper coating layer covers the outside longitudinal jointed tie rods, and the lower coating layer is formed by fixing the sleeve by inserting the rod ridge thrust (ridge rods).

Shelter can be provided in addition one or more frame, and the frames are installed in parallel ("shed") or in series ("series"), and a cover attached to nnnam studs ridge rods all frames. Frames installed close or at a distance from one another.

The implementation of the present invention frame cover (piping and ridge drafts) of parallel spaced longitudinal jointed rods, in combination with pairs of elastic intense spacers installed in the thrust between the longitudinal rods strapping and ridge rod in planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cover, allows you to get easy transformable shelter simple design with a constantly tense coverage and disclosure ends for ventilation of the beds.

The presence of nodes swivel elements of rods, with the possibility of rotation of these elements at an angle of 180oprovides a compact addition shelter for storage. Execution of attachment of the coating in the form of solid or hollow insert of elastic material, placed in the internal cavity or slit-type dovetail longitudinal rods of the frame, allows lifting the side of the cover during operation and the addition of shelter for storage without removing the cover.

The ability to execute composite coating of individual parts allow you to cover any desired area, setting caste dimensions of the elastic spacers and migration shelters generally allows you to get the shelter of different heights, without changing the frame. Flexible connection in the plane of the spacers provide an opportunity to change the tension of the coating depending on weather conditions.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where

in Fig. 1 shows a General view of the shelter with one pair of elastic spacers in the form of ovals with a transverse flexible coupling, axonometric view;

in Fig.2 - the shelter with two free style rods and two pairs of elastic spacers in the form of a beam rack with longitudinal flexible connections, side view;

in Fig.3 - the same, top view;

in Fig.4 is a cross - section of the shelter with one ridge thrust;

in Fig.5 - the same, with two free style rods;

in Fig.6 is a cross - section of the shelter with two free style rods and a pair of elastic spacers installed in the cross-planes;

in Fig. 7 - shelter with two pairs of spring-loaded struts-struts, side view;

in Fig. 8 - mount the cover to the ridge-powered with an internal cavity and a longitudinal slit and an elastic hollow perforated inset;

in Fig.9 - the same, with the longitudinal slit of the dovetail and elastic inset;

in Fig. 10 - the same, with an internal cavity, with longitudinal ridges;

in Fig. 11-14 - options cover two floors and air Prohm is dense and at a distance from one another;

in Fig. 17, 18 - shelter options with frames, installed in series ("series") close and at a distance from one another;

in Fig.19-29 - ways of addition and storage shelters.

According to the present invention, the cover includes a frame (Fig.1-7) containing the lower harness 1 of articulated elements, ridged rod 2 located between windings 1 and ridge thrust 2 pairs of spacers 3 and the node 4 of them swivel, flexible floor 5, placed on top of the frame having sides 6 and ends 7 and connected to the frame through node 8 fasteners, and anchors 9 for fastening the cover to the ground. Harness 1 and ridge thrust 2 made in the form of parallel spaced longitudinal jointed rods not less than three. Nodes 5 swivel elements 10 rods made can be rotated to an angle of 180o. Spacers 3 each pair is made of an elastic, tight and installed opposite to each other in planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cover. The ends 7 of the cover 5 is made with the possibility of disclosure. The frame contains one or more pairs of struts 3.

The frame (Fig.5, 6) may include a second ridge rod 11 made in the form of longitudinal articulated article is the awn, inclined at an angle to each other or cross. If the ridge thrust 2 and 11 are located close to each other, they are connected with the possibility of separation.

The spacer 3 is made in the form of rings, ovals, or parts thereof, or each spacer (Fig.2, 3) is made in the form of a beam rack 12, and the frame contains at least four beam rack 12 mounted on its edges and rotated counter to the direction of the nearest end face 7 of the cover 5. Spacers 3 separate couples or groups of couples provided with a flexible coupling 13, which is located in the plane of the struts parallel or perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cover (Fig.1, 2). Spacers can be made in the form of racks 14, spring-loaded along the length or at the ends (Fig.7).

Longitudinal jointed tie rods 2 and ridge thrust 3 is made hollow with an internal cavity 15 and the longitudinal slot 16 (Fig.8, 10) or continuous with one or more longitudinal slots 17 of the dovetail (Fig. 9). The surface of the internal cavity 15 or slit 17 "dovetail" may be provided around the perimeter of longitudinal ridges 18 and grooves) (Fig.10).

Node 6 fastening of the cover 5 (Fig.8-10) is made in the form of an insert 19 is placed in the inner cavity 15 or inside the slit 17 "Las the size of the base of the slits 16, 17.

The insert 19 is made hollow from an elastic material, and it has a section "gross" is not less than the cross-section of the internal cavity 15 or slit 17 dovetail longitudinal jointed rod. The insert 19 may be made of a perforated length in one or more rows.

The coating 5 is made of a film, mesh or composite material, it may be made of dark material or from a material that slows the water, but the air flow.

The cover 5 may be made of a composite of separate parts, with one part connected to the frame 1 and closes the top and sides, and the two parts are cross-sectional shape of the shelter and placed on its end faces with the possibility of withdrawal; or the ends 7 of the cover 5 are a continuation of its lateral sides 6 and provided with means of connection type of ties, buttons, buttons, clasps "lightning" or "Velcro" (not shown).

The cover 5 may be made of a composite of separate parts according to the second variant, each side plate 6 is connected with the longitudinal articulated tie rod 1 and the longitudinal jointed rod ridge thrust 2, and the ends made in the shape of the cross section of the s rods 2, 11 (Fig.5).

The cover 5 may be made of two-layer (Fig.11-14), the upper layer 21 of the cover 5 is located outside the longitudinal jointed rods of the frame (bottom piping 1 and ridge thrust 2), and the bottom layer 22 fixed therein by inserting 19; or two-layer coating made of a material in the form of a sleeve, the upper layer 21 of the coating covers the outside of all longitudinal jointed rods of the frame, and the bottom layer 22 of the coating formed by fixing the sleeve by inserting 19 in the longitudinal jointed rod or rods ridge rods 2, 11.

Shelter can be provided in addition one or more frame, and the frames are installed in parallel ("shed") (Fig.15-16) or sequentially (in sequence) (Fig.17-18), and a cover 5 attached to the outer longitudinal tie rods 1 at the perimeter of the cover frames and longitudinal rods ridge rods 2 all frames. Frames can be mounted close or at a distance from one another.

Transported shelter assembled, wrapped in foil coating or Packed in a flat pencil case.

Mounted shelter by deploying already collected construction in the half-opened book, the draw shall, if necessary, dressing the ends of the cover).

Landing on a bed process entirely when you remove the cover, temporarily put on the next patch, or by lifting the side of the cover and throwing out her on the other side of the bed.

Transporting and storing the shelter can, as a rule, no plug it into parts: the separation or pressing in the plane, consistent attachment to an edge or a pyramid, the fracture half length and followed by a rotation around the ridge thrust, etc.

In Fig. 19-29 arrows show the schema of the addition of the shelter. The cover can be folded into the "plane" by spreading in opposite sides of the longitudinal rods strapping 1 (Fig.19, 20), by pressing on the ridged rod 2 (Fig.21, 22), "rank" (Fig.23), by nesting one in the other (Fig.24), a "bundle" (Fig. 25), "on the edge" (Fig.26, 27) or in the form of rolls (Fig.28). The shelter of considerable length or in a small storage space can be folded without removing the cover by turning the longitudinal elements of the articulated rods at an angle of 180o(Fig. 29).

The shelter according to the present invention provides in comparison with the above described known analogues and prototype a constant tension of the coating in any weather. Using elastic spacers with flexible connections tension of perimassa, because the frame does not contain many cross paths and runs. Shelter quickly assembled - disassembled, permits removal from the garden or the entire disclosure of the coating on the ends. The mounting surface through the hollow perforated inserts placed inside the longitudinal jointed rods of the frame, allows for mounting of the coating in two layers with an air gap, to do the watering, heating or cooling (hot regions) of the beds without removing the cover (film). The option to install the frameworks of the "shed" or "in range" provides industrial use of shelters in the agricultural and the replacement translucent film coating of light cloth as a beach lounger or (for babies up to a year) children's arena.

1. The shelter includes a frame containing the lower binding of articulated elements, ridged rod located between the harness and the ridge thrust pair of struts and nodes swivel, flexible coating, placed on top of the frame having sides and ends and connected with the frame by means of fasteners, and anchors for anchoring the shelter to the ground, characterized in that the bottom rail and ridge thrust made in the form of parallel spaced longitudinal with what zmoznostjo rotation to an angle of 180othe struts of each pair is made of an elastic, tight and installed opposite to each other in planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cover, and the ends of the coating made with the possibility of disclosure.

2. Shelter under item 1, characterized in that the frame contains one or more pairs of struts.

3. Shelter under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the frame includes a second ridge thrust, made in the form of longitudinal jointed rod and located parallel to the first, with spacers of each pair are installed in planes inclined at an angle to each other or cross.

4. Shelter under item 3, characterized in that the longitudinal jointed rods ridge rods are located close to each other and are connected with the possibility of separation.

5. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that the spacers are made in the form of rings, ovals, parts thereof, or a combination.

6. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that each spacer is made in the form of a beam of the rack, the frame contains at least four spacers that are installed on the edges and rotated counter to the direction of the nearest end of the cover.

7. Shelter under item 5 or 6, otlichayushiesya parallel or perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the shelter.

8. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 1-4, characterized in that the spacers are made in the form of struts, spring along the length or at the ends (end).

9. Shelter under item 2 or 3, characterized in that the longitudinal jointed rods bottom trim, and/or ridge thrust is made with an internal cavity and a longitudinal slit or continuous with one or more longitudinal slots of type "dovetail".

10. Shelter under item 9, characterized in that the surface of the internal cavity or slit dovetail is provided on the perimeter of the longitudinal ridges (or grooves).

11. Shelter under item 9, characterized in that the attachment of the cover is made in the form of an insert placed in the internal cavity or inside the slot dovetail longitudinal jointed rod, the insert has a cross section that is larger than the size of the base of the crack.

12. Shelter under item 11, wherein the insert is made hollow.

13. Shelter under item 11 or 12, characterized in that the insert is made of elastic material.

14. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 11-13, characterized in that the insert has a cross-section of "gross" is not less than the cross-section of the internal cavity or slit dovetail longitudinal jointed erased the more rows.

16. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 1-15, characterized in that the coating is made of a film, mesh or composite material.

17. Shelter under item 16, characterized in that the coating is made of dark material.

18. Shelter under item 16, characterized in that the coating is made from a material that slows the water, but the air flow.

19. Shelter according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the coating is made of a composite of separate parts, with one part connected to the frame and closes the top and sides, and the two parts are cross-sectional shape of the shelter and placed on its end faces with the possibility of removal.

20. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 1-18, characterized in that the ends of the cover are a continuation of its sides and provided with means of connection strings, buttons, buttons, clasps "lightning" or "Velcro".

21. Shelter according to any one of paragraphs. 3-18, characterized in that the coating is made of a composite of separate upper and lateral portions, each lateral portion connected to the longitudinal articulated tie rod and the longitudinal jointed rod ridge thrust, and the upper part overlaps the longitudinal articulated the two-layer, the upper coating layer is located outside the longitudinal jointed rods of the frame, and the bottom layer is fixed by insert.

23. Shelter under item 22, wherein the two-layer coating made of a material in the form of a sleeve, the upper coating layer covers the outside longitudinal jointed tie rods, and the bottom layer is formed by fixing the sleeve by inserting the rod ridge thrust (rods ridge rods).

24. Shelter under item 1 or 2, characterized in that it is further provided with one or more frame, and the frames are installed in parallel or sequentially, and a cover attached to the outer longitudinal jointed rods, tying the extreme perimeter of the cover frames and longitudinal jointed studs ridge rods all frames.

25. Shelter under item 24, wherein the frames are installed closely or at a distance from one another.

 

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