Labelling of controlled objects
(57) Abstract:Labelling refers to the tagging of controlled objects and is used for their identification. The method is based on the introduction of carrier identification signs, which represents the additive elements that are missing in the base material. The additive is introduced into the melt of the base material of the object and uniformly dissolved in the whole volume of the core material, and the combination of the composition and quantity of the elements forms the identification characteristics of the object. The method provides increased reliability of tagging objects, the possibility of marking the objects with the purpose of their differences during the whole period of operation. The invention relates to the tagging of controlled objects and can be used to identify objects. (The problem of identification of multiple objects). In the area of application can include tagging of basic units of the car, and tagging different types of weapons and military equipment. In this case the label is unique and maintained throughout the period of operation of marked object.There is a method of marking of controlled objects  by attaching to the object tag, material which avslutat beam of accelerated ions and rastrelivajut in phosphoric acid to form channels from the traces of ions. In these channels is injected radioactive substances with complex isotopic composition and half-life, big-time operation of the marked object, the amplitude spectrum scintillation outbreaks and individual is unique code labels in force random distribution volume label variable composition of radioactive substances.Closest to the claimed method is a method of tagging controlled objects  by creating a label from a mixture of several elements with atomic numbers Z12, bonded solidified binder material, the volume of which entered radioactive substances. Effect of random location of radioactive substances in the volume label, a random proportion of mixture components and radioactive substances range of penetrative radiation on the surface of the label, consisting of x-ray radiation itself radioactive substances and x-ray fluorescence of the mixture will have a unique identification characteristic of the controlled object.The main disadvantages of the method-prototype - the ability to eliminate labels with marked object and the dependence of the amplitude spectrum from the measuring detec the The essence of the method consists in the introduction into the melt of the base material in the manufacture of marked object impurity additives that are missing in the base material.Impurity additives introduced in small quantities, homogeneously dissolved in the base material and does not change its physical characteristics. The combination of the composition and quantity of the additives comprise a unique identification characteristic of the controlled object.Unlike the prototype, the proposed method of identification characteristic is inherent in the whole volume of marked object remains unchanged during the entire life cycle of the object and cannot be destroyed or removed in any other way, except the object is destroyed.Comparative analysis of the proposed solutions with the prototype indicates differences. Thus, the claimed method meets the criterion of "novelty."When the analysis of the known technical solutions are not identified ways that have signs consistent with the distinctive features of the proposed method, which allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the criterion of "inventive step".As an example of the implementation of the proposed method is showing in the aluminum melt additives were introduced following elements: si, Zn, Fe, Ti, Ca. The measured range of x-ray fluorescence excited by sources55Fe and109Cd obtained from this sample, was registered as a model. For all subsequent measurements performed at different points in the sample and in different moments of time, the ratio of the line intensities of x-ray fluorescence introduced elements were within the limits of measurement accuracy unchanged, as well as received from these intensities concentrations of these elements. Thus, the qualitative and quantitative composition forms a unique label of this alloy, identification through comparison with a reference measurement.Elemental spectral analysis can be done in different ways and sets of equipment for different geometry measurements. The results of the analysis can be entered and processed by the computer.Elemental spectral analysis carried out by x-ray fluorescence or atomic emission analysis, which are characterized by high sensitivity and good reproducibility of the measurements, shows the appearance of 6 items additives and 3 levels of injected mass, it is possible to distinguish 36
1. Century Century Averkiev, C. K. Lapidevski, N. B. Khokhlov. Copyright certificate 1769217, G 06 K 9/00, publ. 15.12.1992, bull. 38.2. Century Century Averkiev, Centuries Kushin, C. K. Lapidevski. Copyright certificate 1832318, G 06 K 9/00, publ. 07.08.1993, bull. 29. How to mark controlled obnazhonnyh signs is an additive elements, missing in the base material, while the additive is introduced into the melt of the base material of the object and uniformly dissolved in the whole volume of the core material, and the combination of the composition and quantity of the elements forms the identification characteristics of the object.
SUBSTANCE: method of instrument marking includes formation of an instrument 10, performing a depressed marking 15 in the instrument 10, quenching of the instrument 10, coloration of the instrument 10 in order to create a colour layer 20 on the instrument 10 in the depressed marking 15 and near it, cleaning the instrument 10 from excess of the colorant, overflowing the depressed marking 15, coloration of the instrument 10 into black colour to create a coloured black layer 40 on the instrument 10, except for the depressed marking 15, and painting the instrument 10 to form a transparent layer of paint 50 on the instrument to create luster and prevent rust.
EFFECT: marking is clear, and the applied coating protects the instrument from rust.
9 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of tools marking. This method comprises provision of tool, its thermal treatment, provision of tool primer ply, printing on tool and application of electrolytic coat thereon. For printing of pattern at primer ply, a layer of dye is used. Layer of dye includes at least one ID element. Said ID element includes at least one ID zone with dye, background section around ID zone with no dye, and boundary line located around background section with dye. Electrolytic coating is applied to section without ID zone and boundary line. Note here that there a sharp contrast between coating and dye ply.
EFFECT: clear and stable mark.
14 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: method deals with embossed marking. Marker 10 in the form of a stamp with individual character 11 is used for this purpose. Marking comprises the main identification mark in the form of a symbolic label 1 and an additional identification mark in the form of a round-shaped recess 9. Label 1 is embossed on the surface of the article to a depth of no more than 0.5 mm. Recess 9 is located at zone 8 in plane of label 1, the corresponds to the year of article production. Label 1 shows the article brand and is formed as a box-shaped open profile cross-section with rounded corners 3 and has smaller sides 4 and bigger sides 5 and 6. Side 6 of profile 2 has connector 7. Connector 7 is placed in orientation to the direction of the bottom part of the article. Recess 9 is arranged in parallel to one of the corners 3 or one of smaller sides 4 or bigger sides 5, 6 of the symbolic labels.
EFFECT: identification of articles in relation to their brand name, enhancing and expanding identification and information capabilities of marking, simplification and reduction of manufacturing operations for its production.
6 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: duplicating or marking methods.
SUBSTANCE: insulating material is marked with cuts and is treated by laser beam.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: color-forming compositions and recording material.
SUBSTANCE: claimed composition includes developer containing urea-urethane compound and colorless or light colored leuco dye. Recording material based on this composition also is proposed.
EFFECT: color-forming compositions with improved image conservation ability and increased image intensity.
21 cl, 14 tbl, 153 ex
FIELD: marking materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pigmentation and compositions for use in laser marking, in particular UV absorbing pigment at least partly covered with synergist having general formula [Rm(SiOn)]pR'q wherein m=1-3, n=1-3, p is a number equal to at least 1, q=0-3, and at least one of R or R' represents substituent. When pyrolized, pigment forms black material appropriate to form label. Such pigments are suitable for fluoropolymers serving to insulate wire conductors and cables.
EFFECT: expanded marking possibilities.
20 cl, 6 tbl, 38 ex
FIELD: the invention refers to a multiplayer body.
SUBSTANCE: the multi-layer body fulfilled as a carbon film preferably as hot stamping film or as laminated film consists of layer structure formed with a substrate, a layer sensitive to laser emission where layered structure has one background layer which serves for laser emission as reflective and/or opaque , and/or absorbent which is correlated with a layer sensitive to laser emission. The background layer is located in one partial field on the side inverted to the layer sensitive to laser emission and provides so that laser emission does not pass or pass in a very insignificant degree into the layers below the background layer so that sufficient destruction of the substrate is averted under influence of used laser emission.
EFFECT: creation of multi-layer element that ensures possibility of forming exceptionally accurate and many-sided marking induced with laser.
18 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sealing of laser-made inscriptions on plastics. Proposed method features ability of preventing bleeding or fading of colouring agents and/or absorbers in plastics by sealing inscriptions made by laser thanks to using transparent polymer in making inscription or directly after it. Note that polymer is applied as a separate layer to seal colouring agents.
EFFECT: stable inscription with high contrast on edges and high resistance to ambient effects.
20 cl, 12 dwg, 13 ex
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a data medium and method for its manufacturing, comprising a visually perceived or machine-readable identifier in the form of patterns, letters, figures or images. According to the specified method, a data medium is provided, which comprises a base of the data medium, and a marking layer is applied onto the data medium base. At the same time the identifiers are made in the marking layer by means of laser modification of a substance, which has laser-modified criteria and is contained in the marking layer, by means of short laser pulses. The identifiers are arranged with the help of a marking laser with wave length, on which the substance with laser-modified criteria does not substantially show absorption or shows only low absorption.
EFFECT: invention provides for development of a data medium with an individual identifier, which has high extent of counterfeit protection.
29 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thermoplastic material containing a polymer and at least one polychromic substance, where the polychromic substance is a functionalised diacetylene having general structural formula: X-C≡C-C≡C-Y-(CO)n-QZ, wherein X denotes H or alkyl, Y denotes a divalent alkylene group, Q denotes O, S or NR, R denotes H or alkyl and Z denotes H or alkyl, and n equals 0 or 1.
EFFECT: invention improves thermal stability of molecules and their compatibility with a polymer and in the finished product.
18 cl, 17 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laser-sensitive polymer coatings for recording information with high resolution on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces of substrates of a various chemical nature. A coating is made of a composition, which includes the following components: poly(o-hydroxyamide) as a polymer binding agent, sensitive to laser radiation, nigrosin dye as a laser-sensitive substance, an amide solvent. Poly(o-hydroxyamide) represents the product of polycondensation of isophthalic acid dichloride with 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane or isophthalic acid dichloride with mixture of 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane with bis-(3-aminopropyl)dimethylsiloxane, taken in a molar ratio from 10.0:1.0 to 1.0:10.0. The coating is obtained by application of the composition directly on a substrate surface without its preliminary dressing. After that, it is subjected to drying at 100-120°C for 15-30 min.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain coatings, stable in time, resistant to impact of vapours of HCl, H2SO4, HNO3, petrol, alcohol, ammonia, water and withstanding thermocyclic loading from -50 to +200°C.
FIELD: physics, optics.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for laser marking a substrate having a portion which is sensitive to laser radiation emitted by a laser. Said portion which is sensitive to laser radiation can be activated at a threshold energy level. The method comprises steps of: activating said portion which is sensitive to laser radiation using an activating element which irradiates the whole portion which is sensitive to laser radiation, and irradiating a portion of said portion which is sensitive to laser radiation using said laser, wherein the activating element is configured such that the emitted radiation is concentrated at a certain wavelength and wherein overall irradiation results in transmission of energy of said threshold level. The portion which is sensitive to laser radiation is activated in that portion where overall irradiation occurs. The invention also relates to a laser marking system for carrying out said method.
EFFECT: present invention provides high-speed and high-resolution marking.
14 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to use of a molybdenum (IV) peroxocomplex containing an amino acid, such as MoO(O2)2(GLY)(H2O), in the field of labelling, as well as ink compositions containing such complexes.
EFFECT: improved composition.
23 cl, 1 tbl