Electrode for submission to the skin of an electric current in physiotherapy
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to medicine and can be used in physiotherapy in the treatment of various diseases. The technical result from the use of the device is expressed in enabling rapid reuse of electrodes without further sterilization. Electrode for feeding on the skin of the electric current during physiotherapy contains elastic plate provided with a conductive element. Elastic plate made in the form of the basis of the material "Velcro" and disposable fabric cushion with the possibility of quick coupling it with the base. The conductive element is made in the form of plate and is located on the inner surface of the base. The electrode ensures reliable fixation of the electrode on the bandage. 2 Il. The invention relates to medicine and can be used in physiotherapy in the treatment of various diseases.Known electrode containing an elastic plate provided with a conductive element. Known electrode is an elastic plate made of conductive rubber, synthetic and natural rubbers, with the rigid of the known device is the complexity in the preparation of the electrode for each of the next patient, expressed in need of disinfection. The technical effect of the use of the proposed technical solutions can be expressed in enabling rapid reuse of the electrodes. This technical effect is achieved as follows. The proposed electrode for feeding on the skin of the electric current during physiotherapy contains elastic plate provided with a conductive element. Elastic plate made in the form of the basis of the material "Velcro" and the disposable pads installed with the possibility of quick coupling it with the base and the conductive element in the form of plate and is located on the inner surface of the base. The implementation framework of the electrode material of "Velcro" with the possibility of quick coupling with disposable pillow provides the ability to quickly reuse electrodes without further sterilization. In addition, the material "Velcro" has the ability to commit to the material of the bandage, which gives the opportunity to fix the electrode in a specific point, which is exposed through the electrode.In Fig.1 shows a diagram of the electrode of Fig.2 is a cross section of the electrode Assembly.
the second in a base of 1 material "Velcro" and the disposable pads 2, installed with the possibility of quick coupling it with the base 1, and a conductive element made in the form of plate 3 and is located on the inner surface of the base 1. The external side of the elastic plates due to the application of the material "Velcro" is made with the possibility of its fixation on the bandage.The electrode is used as follows.On the basis of 1 installed on it conductive plate 3 impose moistened disposable fabric pillow 2. When the base material 1 "Velcro" is engaged with the cushion. On top of the electrode overlaps the locking brace. Fixation of the electrode on the bandage at the expense of the core material 1 "Velcro". After the procedure used disposable pillow 2 is removed from the base 1 and is discarded. Then install a new soaked pillow 2 and carry out the following procedure.The use of the proposed device allows you to be able to quickly reuse electrodes without additional sterilization and to ensure reliable fixation of the electrode on the bandage. Electrode for feeding on the skin of the electric current during physiotherapy containing elastic plate, and sleep the material "Velcro" and the disposable pads, installed with the possibility of quick coupling it with the base and the conductive element is made in the form of plate and is located on the inner surface of the base.
FIELD: medicine; dentistry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining tooth color, carrying out X-ray examination of periapical tissues, withdrawing filling and removing carious dentine as well as root filling insulation. Bleaching agent is applied in the amount required for filling tooth cavity and introducing warmed instrument. Electrocoagulator needle electrode heated in advance to at power of 10 W is applied as warming agent. Heating temperature is gradually increased to at power of 13 W depending on individual tolerance and bleaching intensity with exposure time of 3-7 min and treatment session number of 1 to 3.
EFFECT: stable temperature mode; careful periodontium treatment.
FIELD: medicine; cosmetics; medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has DC power supply source, unit for controlling and producing starting pulses, demultiplexor unit, two-sectioned, inductance coil of high figure of merit, key amplifiers and electrode unit having coaxial active and passive electrodes. The electrode unit has electric insulating casing and external passive electrode and internal active electrode coaxially mounted on end and/or lateral casing surface. The electrodes are connected to stimulator device output via outgoing wire leads. The casing is designed as hollow truncated tetrahedral pyramid. Contact surfaces of the electrodes have revolution body surface which radius is 3-10 or more times as large as maximum external electrode size. Method involves applying the stimulator device by smoothly moving or changing place of the electrode unit having coaxial active and passive electrodes along massage lines of face and/or neck. The electrodes are connected to the inductance coil of high figure of merit (greater than 100) periodically saturated with electromagnetic energy in connecting several coil loops to DC power supply source poles for given time of 0.5-500 mcs having 1.0-12.0 V voltage. Repeated connection is carried out not earlier than in twice the connection time duration. The first electric oscillation half-wave amplitude is equal to A=20-800 V and oscillation period T=0.1-200 mcs. Treatment with electric current is administered at least every second day during 21-25 days with total treatment time being 10-40 min per day.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; high stability of contact to skin; accelerated treatment course.
21 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has metal corrugated ribbon for combining flexibility and rigidity of electrode. The electrode is of multiple use without visible disorders in mechanical integrity and quality of received signals. Gel or conducting fluid is retained in corrugation grooves owing to capillary effect acting. No drying takes place and reliable contact to skin is retained during prolonged time period. Distance between neighboring corrugated surface waves and linear dimensions of contacting corrugated surface areas are predetermined not equal to each other in manufacturing period depending on places where signals are taken off or delivered to body.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has polymer tube with spindle-shaped elongated end piece and measuring electrodes spaced at some distance from each other, chlorosilver comparison electrode and plug for connecting them to the measuring unit of acidogastrometer device. Thin radiopaque conductor is placed inside of pH-probe with an option of making it rigid. The end piece weight is 2.5 g, diameter is 6 mm and length is 10 mm.
EFFECT: improved probe position in gastrointestinal tract.
FIELD: medical equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in multichannel in electrical neuron-adaptive stimulators. Electrode device has joint for connecting multichannel neuron-adaptive stimulator and flat multiwired flexible cable. Each wire of cable is connected with corresponding contact of joint for switching stimulator in. Mounting shoes provided with fixing bushings are installed along the whole length of flexible cable. Electrodes are inserted into fixing bushings. Each contact of mounting shoe is connected with corresponding contact of joint via wire of flat multiwired flexible cable. Fixing metal bushing is connected contact of mounting shoe through conductor. Connection is made in such a way that number of contact corresponds to number of mounting shoe, to number of wire of multiwired flexible cable and to number of contact of joint.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of electro-therapeutic influence when treating prolonged pathological areas.
FIELD: medicine, stomatology.
SUBSTANCE: one should inject richlocaine simultaneously as irrigations of mouth cavity, as applications onto gingival mucosa and into gingival pouches, as gingival electrophoresis and submucous injection in therapeutic dosages. The present innovation enables to prolong remission terms and decrease the number of disease relapses due to stabilizing pathological processes in parodontium tissues.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of therapy.
1 ex, 5 tbl
FIELD: medical equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used for diagnostics in dentistry. Electrode device has holder and removable contact element provided with metal tubular electrodes inside which electrodes the paper adsorbing pins are inserted for absorbing dental fluid which is registered after chewing on different surfaces of tooth. Distance among tubes is 4,5 mm.
EFFECT: improved precision of diagnosing.
FIELD: medical equipment; electrostimulation.
SUBSTANCE: electrode device has dielectric case and electrodes with electric outputs fastened to the case. Electrodes are made in form of three L-shaped narrow bands mounted on the case in parallel to each other. Thickness of each band equals to 0,5-3,0 mm, width equals to 3-10 mm, length of short part varies within 15-30 mm, length of long part varies within 50-100 mm, distance between adjacent electrodes equals to 2-15 mm. Increment in inter-electrode reactive resistance is provided as well as ability of influencing parts of body which are hard be reached.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of usage of electroneuro-adaptive stimulator.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has measuring antimony electrode tightly connected to sealed polymer tube end by means of thin-walled metal bushing partially fixed in the polymer tube with polymer glue. The electrode is shaped as cylindrical ring having external diameter close to external diameter of the polymer tube. The device also has comparison chlorine-silver skin electrode and conductors connecting electrodes to the connector unit. Lesser tube portion protruding from sealed polymer tube end opening has length that is less than that of the antimony electrode. It is fixed therein with soldering. Internal cavities of the antimony electrode, bushing and polymer tube are sealed with dielectric polymer humidity-resistant material at the depth of not greater than 2-5 mm in the case of polymer tube. Antimony electrode end face has convex protrusion manufactured from humidity-resistant electric insulation polymer.
EFFECT: high accuracy in measuring acidity on mucous membrane surface.
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has power supply source and two electrode sequences connected to electrodes. The power supply source enables one to produce amplitude-modulated oscillatory signals on electrodes independently from each other. The lining has flexible textile or polymer material strip with a set of electrode mounted thereon. The electrodes have pins connected to unit for producing electric signal. The second lining version is designed as a strip having anatomical configuration matching the appropriate body part shape.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; wide range of functional applications.
25 cl, 16 dwg