Recording medium for storing information for a still image, a method and apparatus for recording and/or playback


H04N5/84 - using optical recording (H04N0005800000, H04N0005890000, H04N0005910000 take precedence);;

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a recording and/or playback of the still image and the additional audio data. The recording medium stores information about a group of still images to group of still images and management at the group level and information about audiogramme to group of additional audio data added to data of a still image after the recording of the still image data. The technical result - the possibility of recording the still image data of a large capacity and additional audio data using a minimum of information management, the ability to display and edit the modules of the respective still images during playback, and the ability to copy and then burn the audio data. 5 S. and 61 C.p. f-crystals, 22 ill.

The invention relates to a recording and/or playback of audio and/or video data using a rewritable recording medium, and more specifically to a recording medium for saving and efficient processing of a still image and the additional audio data added to it, and to a method and apparatus for recording and/elnie and data of the moving image during recording/playback of audio and/or video data on a recordable and/or rewritable recording medium, in particular, a digital versatile disc (DVD (DVD)), and more precisely, it depicts the relationship between information 11 sequence programs (BCPs (PGC) for logical processing of data, information 12 on the movable image consisting of information about the video object (PSA (VOB)), and the file 13 data of the moving image, which is actually compressed audio/video (a/V (A/V), data is recorded in units of PSA.

Below first describes the terminology used throughout the description. It is assumed that a movie recorded in the first and second parts, the full movie is a sequence of programs (BCPs) and the first and second parts are programs. In addition, each program can be defined using additional divide the same into several cells, which are called submodules. The information in each cell can be totally or partially define the video object (PSA). In this case, each cell is used as the basic unit of access during playback, and program and BCPs are only for communication between multiple cells.

In addition, because the data is actually divided into modules in which different types of information, related to data MWOB, i.e. MOB 1, MOB 2,..., and access to the data of PSA in the data file of the moving image by using information of PSA. In this case, the data of PSA is used as a module random access recorder/playback of a disc. MOB based on a single GUY (group of pictures (GOP)), and in the case of video AGE (expert group moving images (MPEG)) collect audio data corresponding to video data, i.e. data And/multiplexed in sectors for making MOB.

The data format shown in Fig.1, relates to the moving image, in which the actual data of PSA contains the data of the moving image for a fixed period of time. Synchronization or the coding of the signals And/performed in units of PSA. However, in the case of still images, each PSA is composed of a still image. When PSA is prescribed in the scheme of the cell, the cell is required for each still image. Thus, the more recording still images, the more you add the amount of information.

In General, data errors may occur if the data recorded on the recorded dcia stored in the memory controller to control the system to limit the number of recording and quick data access. However, as described above, in the case of a still image, if the amount of information increases, it takes a long time to read the information. In addition, there is a limit on the amount of information that can be stored in a memory of limited size. Accordingly, you cannot record a still image of a large capacity.

In order to solve the above problems, a first object of the present invention provides a recording medium for efficient storage of information for a still image of a large capacity by grouping a still image high capacity and saving information for groups of still images.

The second objective of the present invention is to perform the recording media for posting information about a group of still images comprising the video data for a still image and the video and audio information for a still image having original audio data added thereto in the order of entries recorded streams of bits and preservation of same.

The third objective of the present invention is to perform the recording media for zo information about audiograph to group recorded additional audio data, to manage the same.

The fourth objective of the present invention is to perform a method for recording information about a group of still images for grouping a still image of a large capacity in order to manage the same, and the information associated with the reproduction of the cell, and for reproducing a still image in accordance with the recorded information.

The fifth objective of the present invention is to perform a method for recording information about a group of still images comprising the video data for a still image and the video and audio information for a still image having original audio data added thereto, and the information associated with the reproduction of the cell, and for reproducing a still image or a still image having original audio data added to it.

The sixth objective of the present invention is to perform a method for recording information about a group of still images, information about additional audiograph to re-record and information associated with the reproduction of the cell, and for vosproizvedeno, or still image has additional audio data added thereto, in accordance with the recorded information.

The seventh objective of the present invention is to perform a device for recording information on a group of still images for grouping a still image high capacity and management of the same, information about additional audiograph to re-record separately from information about the group of still images and information associated with the reproduction of the cell, and for reproducing a still image and a still image has the original audio data added to it, or has additional audio data added thereto in accordance with the recorded information.

To solve these problems the present invention is directed to a recording medium including a first area having a set of data of a still image, a second area having a variety of additional audio data added to data of a still image, and a third region having the information showing the relationship between the data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data in the WTO and/or video data on a recordable and/or rewritable recording medium, according to which (a) write down the set of the xed image, (b) separating the many still images within a specified maximum number of groups and record information about the group of still images and information about reproduction, which refers to the reproduction, (C) record additional audio data added to the desired still image in a separate area, after recording a set of still images and (d) record information about additional audiogramme to separate additional audio data within a specified maximum number of groups in order to control additional audio data at the group level, and the information showing the additional audio data, the corresponding still image, that is, information which is information about a group of still images.

According to the method of the present invention optionally (e) read the information about the group of still images, which will be played in accordance with the information about reproduction, (f) calculate the position required a still image according to the read information about the group is stationary and the information, showing additional audiograph, is present in the read group information, still images, calculates the position of the additional audio data corresponding to a still image in accordance with information about additional audiogramme and reproduce the additional audio data.

How to play the recording media includes a first region having data for multiple still images, the second region having data for a variety of additional audio data added to the still images, and a third region having the information showing the relationship between the data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data in the second area, according to the method of reproduction reproduce still image data in the first region and the additional audio data added to the still image data, on the basis of information communication in the third area.

The device according to the invention contains the processor accounts for the signal processing of a data set still image that will be recorded in the first area on the recording medium, and signal processing megesterol region, and the controller for information about the connection, showing the relationship between the data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data in the second region, and information of the playback, which refers to the order of playback and control the same and which will be written in the third region.

In addition, the device may further include a playback processor for signal processing data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data added to data of a still image that will be reproduced on the basis of information in the third area.

The invention is illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 depicts the structure of the connection of different types of information and data in a moving image;

Fig. 2 depicts an example of the structure of the complete information in accordance with the present invention;

Fig. 3 depicts the relationship between different types of information and data of a still image in the still image according to the present invention;

Fig. 4 depicts a block diagram of a recorder/playback according to the present isobuteneisoprene according to the present invention;

Fig. 6 depicts the relationship between the additional audio data added to the still image data, and information on additional audiogramme according to the presented information;

Fig. 7 depicts the relationship between the information cell and information about the group of still images;

Fig. 8 depicts the relationship between the information the cell information about a group of still images and information on additional audiogramme;

Fig. 9 depicts the structure of the group information is a still image according to the present invention;

Fig. 10 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents General information for a group of still images (Fig.9);

Fig. 11 depicts the structure of the table cards for a still image (Fig.9);

Fig. 12 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the video card in the table maps (Fig.11);

Fig. 13 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the original sound card associated with the card (Fig.12);

Fig. 14 depicts the structure of a still image and information about additional audiogramme according to the present invention;

Fig. 15 depicts a table showing the data, it is shown in Fig.14;

Fig. 16 depicts the structure of the table cards for still picture and additional audio data (Fig.14);

Fig. 17 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the table cards for still picture and additional audio data (Fig.16);

Fig. 18 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the cell's information for a still image (Fig.7 and 8);

Fig. 19 depicts the algorithm, showing the method of recording a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig. 20 depicts the algorithm, showing the method of recording additional audio data after recording a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention;

Fig. 21 depicts an algorithm showing how to play a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention and

Fig. 22A and 22B depict the algorithms, showing how to play a still image according to another variant implementation of the present invention.

The following describes preferred embodiments of the recording media for storing information for the example structure complete information according to the present invention, in which information comprising information BCPs, information, moving image information and still image can be recorded in the information file or the information area.

In this case, General information BCPs contains information such as the number of programs in BCPs. General information about the programs contains information such as the number of cells in the program. Information about the cell indicated by PSA in the case of the moving image (Fig. 1) and is denoted by the PSA group a still image (hereinafter called the "group of still images") instead of PSA in the case of a still image (Fig.3). Because information on the moving image has already been described with reference to Fig.1, its description will be omitted here, and below will be described the details of a still image according to the present invention. General information about the still image contains information that refers to the number of types of information about a group of still images, and the total additional audio information for a still image contains information that refers to the number of types of information about additional audiograph.

In Fig. 3 shows the communication structure of different types informatiecentrum in units of PSA in the data file, many PSA for still images is controlled with the help of a group of still images and information about the cell that are contained in information 21 BCP identifies information about a group of still images (GLOB (GVOB)) and not the information of a single PSA. Moreover, the audio data can be recorded in addition to a still image. Audio data recorded consecutively after recording a still image, thereby reducing the search time to head play during playback. Audio recorded with a still image, called the source audio data which are contained in the group of still images. In the present invention, if not specifically defined, the still image is a still image that has only videocast, and a still image having the original audio part and videocast. Using control still picture by grouping the same and in the same way the number of the cell's information and information of a still image can be reduced. For example, the attributes of the coding or the attributes of the original audio in the group of still image asbda information. For the respective still images it is necessary to define its position in the data file is a still image. In the case where a still image is not divided into many groups, you must define the starting position of the respective still images. However, when group a still image, the initial position, in which a suitable group of still images will write to the file stored in the shared information about the group of still images, and only then the sizes of the respective still images recorded in the form of information for the respective still images. As the amount of information indicating the data size of the still image, i.e. the number of bytes, usually less than the number information indicating the position in the file, it is possible to reduce the full amount of information.

The user can add a single additional audio data to the desired still image after recording a still image and the original audio file 23 a still image. At this time, only the additional audio data is selected and recorded in a separate area in dope. Additional audio data is also managed by grouping the same way as the data of a still image, and the concept of this is the same as that of the still image data. In other words, a variety of additional audio data having the same attributes, such as attributes of the audio group in additional audiograph (commonly referred to as the "GOB" ("GAOB")), and then General information on additional audiogramme written as General information. For the corresponding additional audio data of AOB record only information about the size. General information on additional audiogramme contains the initial position of the audio data in the respective additional audiograph (GOB). The connection information for the additional audio data added to a specific still image, denoted by bold arrows in Fig.3, there is information about the group of still images GUOB 1, GOB 2,... in Other words, information about the identification of additional autogroup to designate additional audio data existing in the information about the group of still images, and information about additional audiogon is.

In order to accommodate the recording position of the specific still image in the group of still images, the initial position data of a group of still images contained in General information about the group of still images, add to the size of data preceding still image, which will place. Similarly, in order to find the recording position specific additional audio data, the initial position data for more audiography contained in General information on additional audiogramme add to the size of data preceding the additional audio data that will be placed.

In the case of a group of still images of the video portion and the audio portion of sequentially recorded in a file or in space. Thus, video information and audio information, each of which contains its size, also recorded in order of the bit stream, which actually record the video data and source audio data. In case of additional audiography there are only additional audio data. Thus, only the additional audio information recorded in the order of the bit stream, in which additional audiomanager, to which you can add the original audio data, the file is 24 additional audio data added to the still image and information file containing information 21 BCPs, and information 22 a still image has information about the group of still images (GWOB) and information about additional audiographer (GOB). However, the additional audio data can be recorded in a separate file area 23 a still image and not in the file 24 additional audio data. File 23 a still image you can define the first region, file 24 additional audio data can be described by the second region and an information file containing information 21 BCP and information 22 of a still image, you can designate a third area, which is a logical area.

In Fig.4 depicts a block diagram of a recording device/playback for the implementation of the present invention. The function of the device to record/playback a/V (audio/video) data using a recordable and rewritable disc largely divided into recording and playback.

During the recording codec 110 AB encodes with compression supplied from the outside signal And the/using the specified put A/In, supplied from the codec 110 AB, adds additional data for CRO (EEC, code error correction), processing them in it, and performs modulation using a predetermined modulation scheme. Amplifier radio frequency (URC (RF AMR)) 130 converts the electrical data signals supplied from PDB 120, the RF signal. The sensor 140 actuates the disk and records the RF signal supplied from URC 130 includes an actuator for focusing and tracking. The servo motor 150 receives the information necessary to control the servo motor from the controller 160 of the system, and stably performs the function of the servo. The controller 160 controls the whole system through the user interface, thus controlling a still image that will be written to the disc, and record the individual information for the recorded still image. The data of the still image control at the group level using information about the group of still image information for the respective still images, which includes information about the data size of the still image information on the size of the original audio data, the time information of the playback of the original audio data and comwedding images and audio data. When additional audio data added to the still picture additional audio data recorded in a file different from or the same file for a still image, but in the area other than the area of a still image. Additional audio data are managed at group level by using the information on audiogramme of information added to the audio data, which includes information about the amount of additional audio data, the time information of the playback of additional audio data and the like, and the position information corresponding additional autogroup. Information for the respective still images includes information showing the additional audio data.

Information about the cell that relates to the order of playback, record as well as the above-described information. Information about the cell contains the information showing the group recorded still images so that you can display the recorded still image and audio data.

During playback, the sensor 140 detects the optical signal, URC 130 converts the optical signal into the RF signal and generates a signal of the servo motor to perform the function of the servo and the modulated data. PDB 120 demodulates the modulated data supplied from URC 130 in accordance with the modulation scheme used in the modulation process, performs a process UES for bug fixes and fixes added data. Module servo motor 150 receives information necessary for servo control from URC 130 and the controller 160 of the system and consistently performs the function of the servo. The codec 110 AB decodes the compressed data And/supplied from PDB 120 to output the signal A/C. the Controller 160 controls the entire system to playback the data required by the user (only a still image, the still image + source audio data or still image + extra audio data), using the cell's information and information about the group of still images stored on disk, when pairing with the user, such as processing of entries with keys of the user.

In other words, in order to reproduce a specific still image and audio data, information about the group of still images having a fixed image that will be reproduced, obtained from the cell's information, information such as the size of the data if necessary, get information about a group of still images, thereby reproducing only the necessary data. Moreover, if the additional audio data added to the still image, the required additional audio data is reproduced using the information for the size of the data or time to play additional audio data of the additional information on audiogramme pointed with information about the group of still images.

Besides, if you actually deleted information of a still image is read from the information about the group of still images, the still image and the original audio data is not reproduced, and, although the data actually exist, the user feels that they do not exist. Similarly, if you actually remove the additional audio data, then they are no longer reproduced.

In this case, the codec 110 a/b, PDB 120, URC 130 and the sensor 140 working during recording, can be considered as a CPU write. In addition, the sensor 140, URC 130, PDB 120 and the codec 110 And/In working during playback, can be viewed as a processor of the playback.

In Fig.Torah information for multiple still images (for example, a maximum of 64), having the same attributes, write in the information 201 of the respective group of still images (GWOB). The number of still images constituting each group of still images, so determine that it is within limits the maximum number of still images. Each information 202 about a group of still images includes General information about the group of still images and information for the respective still images and represents information for data 203 a still image, which consists of videocosta and video or audiocasts in the sequence recorded streams of bits. Information about the origin of the group of still images is the start address of the corresponding group of still images.

Moreover, since the information for the respective still images, information of a still image having original audio data exists in the form of map information, comprising information about the video portion for videocosta and information about the audio portion for audiodata. In this case, video card and sound card for still image has the same information identifikatsiya only information about the video portion. Information 202 about a group of still images present actual information about the deletions for the actual removal as a still image, and the original audio data added to it. In this case, the still image data recorded in PSA.

In Fig.6 shows the relationship between the additional audio data added to the still image, and information on additional audiogramme according to the presented information, in which information about 211 for more audiography (GOB) includes information for the additional audio data is recorded in units of many groups still images. Information 212 about additional audiogramme has General information on additional audiogramme containing the start address of the corresponding additional audiography and sound card (AMAPs), following the sequence of additional audio data. Information for the additional audio data 213, which consists of additional audiodata a still image recorded in each additional sound card, including information about the amount of additional audio data. In addition, information 212 about additional audiogramme includes infopig.7 shows the relationship between the information about the cell (which can also be viewed as information about the replay) and information about the group of still images, in which the cell is a logic module in relation to the indication of the playback order. Information about the cell includes information identifying a group of still images (GVOB_ ID), identification information about the beginning of playback of a still image (START VOB_ ID (start VOBID) ) the corresponding group of still images and identification information about the completion of the playback of a still image (END VOB_ID (END VOBID). Information about the cell may correspond to groups of still images or can fit some of the groups still images that are used for playback.

Additional audio data remain in the field, separate from the still image data, that is in another file or in another area of the same file, or other data region of a still image.

For example, in the case when the additional audio data is kept in a file separate from the still image data (Fig.7), GOB 1, 2 and 3 with the data of the still image, which form the file. Moreover, as shown in Fig.8, GOB 1, 2 and 3 have additional audio data, which form falagiani to still image or additional audio data are treated using the information of each file.

On the other hand, when the additional audio data and still image data are stored in the same file, GLOB 1, 2 and 3 and GAB 1, 2 and 3 shown in Fig.5 and 6, form the file. During the formation of the file in such a way appropriate GOB and GOB can be mixed in the order they were recorded, for example in order GUOB 1, GOB 2, GOB 1, GOB 3, GOB 2 and GOB 3. In other words, GOB and GOB are combined and placed in each package in order to create the file.

In Fig.8 shows the relationship between the information about the cell, information about the group of still images and information on additional audiogramme to represent the required additional audio data in the additional audiogramme recorded in a separate area, as well as the original audio data as the audio data added to the still image. Information about the cell includes information identifying a group of still images (GVOB_ ID) information identifying the beginning of playback of a still image (START VOB_ID) in the group of still images and information identifying end of playback of a still image (END VOB_ _ ID). Information about the video portion in information GUOB 1 still image, that is, identification information for more audiography and identification information for more audiography corresponding additional audiogramme. For example, information GAB Nj identify additional audiography and information 2 identification, showing that the additional audio data are a second sound card in GOB Nj, there are information about the video portion of still image 2 from the group GWOB 1 still images.

In Fig. 9 shows the structure of information about a group of still images according to the present invention, which includes General information about the group of still images and the table with the card still images, and may additionally include information about the attribute for a still image, such as image sizes or modes of coding.

In Fig.10 is a table showing an example of the detailed contents General information about the group of still images (Fig.9), which includes information representing GVOB_ID to identify the group of still images in the still image file, GVOB_S_ADR representing the start address data of the first nip Ns, represents the number of still images in the group of still images, GVOB_ Ds, represents the number of virtually deleted still pictures in the corresponding group of PSA, and so on. If GVOB_Ds and GVOB_ Ns are equal to each other, a group of PSA can be removed from the file. If GVOB_Ds not retain specially, then check whether all still images in a respective group of still images actually in the remote state, then to actually remove. In addition, information GVOB_ID identify you specifically written as unique for each group of still images into a file of still images or a reminder to show in the order of the group of still images, that is, 1, 2,...

In Fig. 11 shows the structure of a table card still image (Fig. 15). There are two types of cards: the first card VMAP for videocosta and other sound card AMAR source audiodata added to still images. The order of the cards is the same as the data recorded streams of bits in the still image file, as shown in Fig.5. Thus, when a still image has only the video portion, there are only graphics. In with the of iokasti write and actually considered to be a single map, using the same identification information.

In Fig.12 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the video card in the table maps (Fig. 11) containing MAP_TY showing the type of the corresponding map and represented by a binary "0" in the case of video cards for videocosta, VOB_ID, showing identification information for videocosta and diabolist 1-64 in preferred variants of implementation. Moreover, VOB_ ID can be described in a specific way or with a reminder that show in the order they were recorded, that is, 1, 2, 3,...

In addition, the card contains V_DELETE, which has a binary value indicating the removal or failure of PSA, i.e. showing that PSA is not deleted, if its value is "0", and that PSA is actually removed, if its value is "1", V_PART_SZ showing the size of the video portion, GAOB_ ID, which is identification information for more audiography, the value of which exists if a still image has additional audio data, and the value of which is equal to "0" if a still image has no additional audio data, and _ID, which is information identifying additional Audi is giving is "0", if a still image has no additional audio data.

In this case VOB_ID and V_PART_SZ can be viewed as information about the position of a still image and GAOB_ID and AOB_ID can be viewed as information about the connection of additional audio data.

In Fig.13 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the original sound card, containing MAP_TY showing the type of the corresponding map and represented by binary values "1" in the case of sound card for audiodata, ALLTM indicating the playback time of the audio portion, and A PART_SZ showing the size of the audio portion.

In Fig. 14 shows the structure of information on additional audiogramme for still images according to the present invention, containing General information about the additional audio data and a table of additional sound card for still images. In addition to still images, you can optionally include information about the additional attribute of the audio data.

In Fig.15 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents General information about the additional audio data for a still image (Fig. 14) containing GAOB_ ID pokazivayu the start address of the first additional audio data in the corresponding additional audiogramme additional audio file, and GAOB_Ns showing the number of additional audiodata, which contains additional audiograph. GAOB_ID can show specifically or reminder in order entry.

In Fig.16 shows the structure of a table of additional audiocart, which consists of n additional audiocart for additional audiodata shown in Fig.15.

In Fig.17 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents table of additional audiocart for a still image (Fig.16) containing AOB_ID showing identification information for the specific audio portion of the additional audiogramme and diabolist 1-64 in preferred embodiments, implementation, ALLTM indicating the playback time of the additional audio data, and A_PART_SZ showing the amount of the additional audio data, such as number of sectors. In this case AOB_ID can show specifically or a reminder is in order-that is, 1, 2, 3,...

In Fig.18 depicts a table showing an example of the detailed contents of the cell's information for a still image (Fig.7 and 8) containing S_ GVOB_ ID indicates identification information for a group of still images, S_ VOB_ ID showing info identification information for a still image, which ends the play.

In Fig.19A and 19B shows an algorithm illustrating a method of recording a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention, i.e. a method of recording a still image and the original audio data. First, determine whether written a still image or a still image, and the original audio data (step S101). Produce information about the group of still images, produce identification information for a group of still images, the number of still images in the group of still images set to "0" and write the address of the beginning of the group of still images in the still image file (step S102). Then determine if the user enters the signal start recording a still image input through or not (step S103). If the injected signal start recording, a still image is recorded in the still image file, the identifying information for a still image is allocated to the information about the group of still images, the number of still images in the group of still images is incremented and information about the size of a still image of the user, recording for both still image and the original audio data (step S105). If Yes, then the audio data for still image recording follows a still image in the still image file and the information about the size of the audio data recorded in map audio group information of still images (step S106).

Then determine whether the number of recorded still images to obtain information for a group of still images (e.g., maximum 64) (step S107). If information about a group of still images obtained, then the procedure returns to step S102 to generate information about a second group of still images. On the other hand, the procedure goes to step S103 to determine if the user enters or no signal start recording a still image.

If the mode set by the user, is designed for recording only a still image at step S105, step S106 is passed, the procedure goes to step S107 to write the next still image. If at step S103, the user does not enter the signal start recording a still image, then define, I made the cell is recorded and the procedure ends (step S109). In this case, information about the cell to create for each group of still images in order to reproduce all still images.

In Fig.20 shows an algorithm illustrating a method of recording additional audio data after recording a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention. First, provide details on additional audiogramme, produce identification information for additional audiography is set to "0" the number of additional audiodata additional audiogramme and write start address audiography additional audio file (step S201).

Then determine enters or not the user signal start recording additional audio data (step S202). If the signal start recording input, then assign specific still image to which the user wishes to add additional audio data (step S203). Additional audio data recorded in the additional audio file, produce identification information for the additional audio data in the additional information about audiogramme, the number of additional audiodata additional audiogramme increase per unit and zapolyarnyy audio data recorded in the file, other than the still image file, the additional audio data can be recorded in a separate area of the same file as a still image.

Identification information for a group of still images of a given still image and identification information for a still image is read, and information for a still image, that is, identification information for additional audiography for additional audiocasts and identification information for the additional audio data recorded in the card for the specified still image (step S205).

Then determine if the number reaches more audiodata additional audiogramme values of N, that is sufficient for the formation of the group (step S206). If Yes, the procedure will go to step S201 to generate information about other additional audiography. On the other hand, determine if the user enters the signal start recording additional audio data (step S202). If the signal start recording additional audio data the user enters on the stage S202, then the procedure terminates.

In this case, the stage destination-specific fixed isopropylaniline audio data (step S202).

In Fig.21 depicts an algorithm showing how to play a still image according to a variant implementation of the present invention, there is a way to playback a still image and the original audio data added to it. In Fig.21 shows that BCPs and the information about a cell read phase spider S301 demonstration. Identification information for a group of still images to be played, information identifying the beginning of the play, and the information identifying the playback is finished reading from the cell's information in order to read information about a group of still images, specified using the cell (step W302). Information about the video card for the video portion corresponding to the information identifying the beginning of playback of information about the group of still images, get to consider the size of the video portion, or video card information and information about the sound card obtained in the case of a still image having original audio data, in order to consider the size of the video portion and the size of the audio portion (step S303).

The position required a still image is calculated by using the read information about videoch iznaga image (step S304). In this case, the position required a still image obtained by the summation of the initial position of a group of still images and the size of the data required prior stationary image. When playing back still images determined, is added to the original audio data to the still image (step S305). If Yes, the original audio data is read and decode in order to reproduce the original audio data (step S306). In this case, the reading position of the original audio data are obtained by summing the calculated position of the still image and the size of videocosta a still image. After this check, reproduced or not all still images belonging to the cell, using the cell's information, and then determine whether or not the still image, which will then be reproduced (step S307). If Yes, then read the information for the video portion of a still image that will be reproduced (step S303). Otherwise, the procedure terminates. When there are many groups of the cell's information, this repetitive sequence is repeated.

In Fig.22A and 22B depict an algorithm showing how to play a still image according to another variant implementation of the present invention, there is a way to playback a still image, a still image having original audio data or still image that has additional audio data. As shown in Fig.22A, the information about a cell read from the information gateway (step S401), and then read the information about the group of still images, specified using the cell to be reproduced (step S402). Information for the initial position of the group of still images read from the read group information, still images, and calculates the position required a still image (step S403). In this case, the position required nepodvizhnogo data preceding the necessary stationary image. Why read and decode the video data in accordance with information about the position required a still image to play back a still image (step S404).

Then check that there are or there are no additional audio group information of still images (step S405). If not, check whether the original audio data (step S406). In this case, it is possible to determine the presence of additional audio data in the map information for videocosta required a still image that will be reproduced using authentication information for additional audiography and identification information for the additional audio data. The presence of the original audio data can be read after determining whether the audio (sound card) in the table cards required a still image that will reproduce.

If the source audio data is available in step S406, then calculate the read position of the original audio data (step S407). In this case, the position reading original audio data is obtained by summing the calculated position of the still image and rasmeni still image and decode for to reproduce the original audio data (step S408), and the procedure continues at step S411, as shown in Fig.22V.

If additional audio data is present at step S405, that is, if the read identification information for additional audiography assigned to the still image and the identification information for the additional audio data is not equal to "0"', the initial position of the additional audiography read from the additional information about audiogramme to calculate the position required additional audio data (step S409 in Fig.22V). The position requires additional audio data is obtained by summing a start position for more audiography and the size of the audio data prior to the additional audio data having identification information for the necessary additional audio data in the additional audiogramme.

Additional audio data read from the information on the calculated position for the required additional audio data and decode in order to play additional audio data (step S410). Then determine whether the still image will then be vosproizvodit case playback multiple cells completely repeat the procedure.

On the other hand, instead of step S405, where determined to be present or no additional audio data, and the step S406, which determine present or not the original audio data, first determine using the read information about the group of still images at step S402, whether the still image will reproduce a still image having only videocast, the original audio data added thereto, or additional audio data added to it. If a still image has only videocast, perform the steps S403 and S404. If a still image has the original audio data, perform the steps S403, S404, S407 and S408. If a still image has additional audio data, perform the steps S403, S404, S409, S410 and S411.

In addition, according to another aspect of the present invention before playing, set the playback mode by interfacing with the user to determine whether to play only a still image, the still image and the original audio data or still image and the additional audio data.

As described above, according to this image is ditanya can be written, using minimal information. During playback, the data can be displayed and edited in units of still images. In addition, you can copy recorded after the audio data using additional audio data.

In addition, graphics and/or sound card for still images can be performed in the order of writing streams of bits, thus ensuring the effective management of information.

1. Recording medium, characterized in that it contains the first area that has a lot of data still image, the second area having a variety of additional audio data added to data of a still image, and a third region having the information showing the relationship between the data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data in the second field and the third field includes information about a group of still images for grouping sets of data of a still image in order to manage the data of a still image, and information on additional audiogramme in order to control additional audio data.

2. The recording medium under item 1, orositel account under item 1, wherein the first, second and third areas exist in a single file.

4. The recording medium under item 1, characterized in that the still image data and the additional audio data are managed at the group level.

5. The recording medium under item 1, characterized in that the information in the third area additionally includes General information about the still image containing information relating to the number of groups still images, and General information about the additional audio data containing information relating to the number of additional autogroup.

6. The recording medium on p. 4, characterized in that information about a group of still images includes General information about the group of still images that contain the initial position of the group of still images and information related to the number of videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the respective still images, and information contains position information for the respective still images.

7. The recording medium on p. 6, characterized in that General information about the group of still images is additionally included is audica fact, what position information for the respective still images includes information about the size of videocosta.

9. The recording medium under item 8, characterized in that the first region additionally includes the original audio data, which are data of a still image.

10. The recording medium under item 9, wherein the position information for the respective still images additionally includes information about the size of videocosta for the original audio data, still image and the time information of the playback.

11. The recording medium under item 10, wherein the position information for the respective still images includes information identifying data of a still image in the group of still images.

12. The recording medium on p. 6, characterized in that the information for the respective still images additionally includes information about the connection, showing the additional audio data.

13. The recording media according to p. 12, wherein the link information additionally includes information identifying additional audioguru estoya additional audiogramme.

14. The recording medium on p. 4, characterized in that information on additional audiogramme includes General information on additional audiogramme containing the initial position of the additional data audiography and information, which refers to the number of additional audio data in the additional audiogramme, and information for relevant additional audiocasts, and information contains information about the position of the corresponding audiodata.

15. The recording media according to p. 14, characterized in that General information on additional audiogramme additionally includes information identifying additional audiography, and information for the respective audiodata additionally includes information identifying additional audiodata additional audiogramme.

16. The recording media according to p. 14, wherein the position information for the respective additional audiodata includes information about the amount of additional audiocasts and the time information of the playback.

17. The recording medium on p. 4, characterized in that the third region is additionally stores information about the play, which. includes information identifying a group of still images and information about the provisions of the playback start and end of playback in a group of still images.

19. The recording medium under item 17, wherein the playback information applies to all or some groups still images.

20. Abusively and/or rewritable recording medium for recording a set of data, still images and information about the group of still images to separate still images within a specified maximum number of groups to manage still images, wherein the information about the group of still images includes information showing the additional audio data added to the still image data, the additional audio data is stored in a separate area and stores information about additional audiogramme for separating the audio data within the maximum number of groups in order to control additional audio data.

21. The recording media according to p. 20, wherein the information indicating the additional audio data contained in the information for a still image, to which add additional audio data includes information identifying additional autogroup and information to identify the clinical topics the additional audio data is stored in a file separate from the file data for a still image.

23. The recording media according to p. 20, wherein the additional audio portion is stored in a separate area of the same file as the file data for a still image.

24. The recording media according to p. 20, characterized in that information on additional audiogramme includes General information, containing information about the position of the additional audiography and information, which refers to the number of additional audiocasts, and additional sound card, containing information about the amount of additional audiocasts and the time information of the playback.

25. The recording media according to p. 24, characterized in that General information additionally includes information identifying additional audiography and each additional audiocart additionally includes identification information of the additional audio data in the additional audiogramme.

26. The method of recording and/or reproducing audio and/or video data on a recordable and/or rewritable recording medium, characterized in that (a) write down the set of the xed image, (b) what the limits specified maximum number of groups for to manage the data of a still image, and reproduce information, which refers to the reproduction, (c) record additional audio data added to the desired still image in a separate area, after recording a set of still images and (d) record information about additional audiogramme to separate additional audio data within a specified maximum number of groups in order to control additional audio data, and the information showing the additional audio data corresponding still image, and the information included in the information about the group of still images.

27. The method according to p. 26, wherein the information about the group of still images includes General information about the group of still images containing information about the start position for a group of still images and information, which refers to the number of videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the respective still images, and information contains position information for the respective still images and information showing DOPOLNITEL still images includes information about the size for videocosta.

29. The method according to p. 28, wherein the position information for the respective still images includes information about the size for audiodata for additional audio data added to the still image data and information on play time.

30. The method according to p. 26, wherein the information indicating the additional audio data includes information identifying additional audiography and identification information of the additional audio data in the additional audiogramme.

31. The method according to p. 26, characterized in that when you record multiple still picture original audio data corresponding to input data of a still image, additionally write down consistently after data of a still image.

32. The method according to p. 31, wherein the information about the group of still images includes General information about the group of still images containing information about the start position for data of the group of still images and information, which refers to the number of videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the corresponding stationary izobrazil about the size of the original audio data, information about play time and the information showing the additional audio data.

33. The method according to p. 26, characterized in that information on additional audiogramme includes General information on additional audiogramme containing information about the start position of the data of additional audiography and information, which refers to the number of additional audio data in the additional audiogramme, and information for the corresponding additional audio data, these information contains position information for the corresponding additional audio data.

34. The method according to p. 26, wherein the additional audio data is stored in the file other than the file data for a still image.

35. The method according to p. 28, wherein the additional audio data remain in separate areas of the same file, as data for a still image.

36. The method according to p. 26, characterized in that it further (e) read the information about the group of still images, which will be played in accordance with the information about reproduction, (f) calculate the position required a still image in soobragenija, located at the calculated position, and (g) if the information indicating the additional audiograph, is present in the read group information, still images, calculates the position of the additional audio data corresponding to a still image in accordance with information about additional audiogramme and reproduce the additional audio data.

37. The method according to p. 36, characterized in that the position required a still image is obtained by summing a start position of a group of still images in a few information about the group of still images and the sizes of data preceding the necessary stationary image, and the position of the additional audio data is obtained by summing a start position for more audiography information on additional audiogramme and size of data preceding the additional audio data.

38. The method according to p. 31, characterized in that it further (e) read the information about the group of still images, which will be played in accordance with the information about reproduction, (f) calculate the position required a still image in accordance with scholarone in the calculated position, and (g) calculate the position of the original audio data for the corresponding still image in accordance with information about a group of still images and reproduce the original audio data.

39. The method according to p. 38, characterized in that the position required a still image is obtained by summing a start position of a group of still images in a few information about the group of still images and the size of the data V preceding needed a still image, and the position of the original audio data is obtained by summing the calculated position of the still image and the size of videocosta finding a still image V, located at the calculated position.

40. The method according to p. 26, wherein (k) read the information about the play and read the information about the group of still images that will be reproduced, (l) check read information about a group of still images and determine whether a still image only the video portion, whether a still picture original audio data added to it, or whether a still picture additional audio data added to n the global audio data, added to it, calculate the position required a still image and the additional audio data and reproduce the still image data and the additional audio data is placed in calculated positions (a) if a still image has the original audio data added thereto, calculates the position required still picture original audio data and reproduce the still image data and the original audio data located at the calculated positions.

41. The method according to p. 40, characterized in that the position required a still image is obtained by summing a start position of a group of still images in a few information about the group of still images and sizes of data preceding the necessary stationary image, the position of the original audio data is obtained by summing the calculated position of the still image and the size of videocosta required still image and the position of the additional audio data is obtained by summing a start position for more audiography information about audiograbber and sizes of data preceding the additional autogenie and read information about the group of still images, which will reproduce, and (q) reproduce only a still image or reproduce a still image and the original audio data, using the information about the group of still images, which is read in accordance with a user request, or reproduce a still image and the additional audio data using the read information about the group of still images and information on additional audiogramme.

43. The method according to p. 42, characterized in that when playing only a still image or a still image and reproduce the original data required still image obtained by summing the initial position of the group of still images in a few information about the group of still images and the size of the data required prior stationary image, reproducing the original audio data, obtained by summing the calculated position of the image, and reproduce the additional audio data, obtained by summing the initial position of audiography information about audiograbber and sizes of data preceding the additional audio data.

44. Sposobnosti, the second area having data for a variety of additional audio data added to the still images, and a third region having the information showing the relationship between the data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data in the second region, wherein reproduce still image data in the first region and the additional audio data added to the still image data, based on information of communication in the third area, and the information in the third field includes information about a group of still images for grouping sets of data of a still image in order to manage the data of a still image, and information on additional audiogramme for grouping sets of audio data in order to control additional audio data.

45. How to play on p. 44, wherein the still image data and the additional audio data are managed at the group level.

46. How to play on p. 45, wherein the information about the group of still images includes General information about the group of still images, is seeking to videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the respective still images, and information contains information about the position of the corresponding still images and link information showing the additional audio data.

47. How to play on p. 46, wherein the position information for the respective still images additionally includes information about the size of videocosta.

48. How to play on p. 47, wherein the information about the position of the corresponding still image additionally includes information about the size of audiodata for additional audio data added to the still image and the time information of the playback.

49. How to play on p. 46, wherein the link information indicating the additional audio data, further includes information identifying additional audiography and identification information of the additional audio data in the additional audiogramme.

50. How to play on p. 44, characterized in that the first region additionally includes the original audio data, which are data nepodvizhnikh images includes General information about the group of still images, containing information about the initial position of the group of still images, and information which relates to the number of videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the respective still images, and information contains information about the data size of the still image information on the size of the original audio data, the time information of the playback and the information showing the additional audio data.

52. How to play under item 50, wherein the data is a still image in the first area and the original audio data for a still image is reproduced on the basis of the information in the third area.

53. A device for recording and/or reproducing audio and/or video data on a recordable and/or rewritable recording medium, characterized in that it contains the processor accounts for the signal processing of a data set still image that will be recorded in the first area on the recording medium, and signal processing a variety of additional audio data added to the still image data to be written to the second area, and a controller to generate communication information in the second region, and information of the playback, which refers to the order of playback and control for playback and which will be written in the third region and the third region includes information about the group of still images for grouping sets of data of a still image in order to manage the data of a still image, and information on additional audiogramme for grouping a variety of additional audio data in order to control additional audio data.

54. The device according to p. 53, wherein each of the first, second and third areas are in a separate file.

55. The device according to p. 53, characterized in that the first and second areas exist in a single file.

56. The device according to p. 53, wherein the processor records made with the ability to record the original audio data added to the input still image sequentially after the data still image.

57. The device according to p. 53, characterized in that the information in the third field includes information about a group of still images for grouping multiple languages is, the information on additional audiogramme for grouping a variety of additional audio data to control the said number of additional audio data.

58. The device according to p. 57, wherein the information about the group of still images includes General information about the group of still images that contain the initial position of the group of still images, and information which relates to the number of videocosta in the group of still images, and information for the respective still images, and information contains information about the position of the corresponding still images and link information showing the additional audio data.

59. The device according to p. 58, wherein the position information of the respective still images includes information about the size of videocosta.

60. The device according to p. 59, wherein the position information of the respective still images includes information about the size of audiodata for additional audio data added to data of a still image.

61. The device according to p. 57, characterized in that the information will complement the quantitative data for more audiography and information which refers to the number of additional audio data in the additional audiogramme, and information for the corresponding additional audio data, and information contains position information for the corresponding additional audio data.

62. The device according to p. 53, wherein the playback information includes identification information indicating a group of still images, and information playback start and end positions in the group.

63. The device according to p. 53, characterized in that it further comprises a playback processor for signal processing data of a still image in the first region and the additional audio data added to data of a still image that will be reproduced on the basis of the third area.

64. The device according to p. 57, wherein the processor of the playback performed by the playback required a still image, based on the position obtained by summing a start position of a group of still images in the group information of still images in the third region and sizes of data preceding neobhodimuyu start position for more audiography information on additional audiogramme and data size prior to the additional audio data.

65. The device according to p. 57, wherein the processor of the playback performed by the playback still image data and the original audio data, based on the information in the third area.

66. The device according to p. 57, wherein the processor of the playback performed by the playback required a still image, based on the position obtained by summing a start position of a group of still images in the group information of still images in the third region and sizes of data preceding the necessary stationary image, and the original audio data located at the position obtained by summing the calculated position of the still image and the size of videocosta required a still image.

 

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The invention relates to electronic devices, such as gaming devices, and read visually recognizable information symbols formed on the ROM on the CD-ROM for protection and the elimination or exclusion of fake products

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The invention relates to recording and reproduction of data on a disc-shaped media

FIELD: optical data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: for protecting optical disk from recording, information concerning protection from recording is read, which is previously recorded in at least one zone of starting or ending area of data carrier, and it is determined, whether the latter is in state of recording protection. In variant, when carrier is placed in cassette body, and body has aperture for forbidding recording protection of data on disk, it is determined, if recording protection state of recording protection data written on disk is matches with state of recording protection of said aperture, and recording of new data is prevented, if said protection data and aperture position forbid recording. In a variant information concerning recording protection is stored in zones of disk identification of at least one of zones of starting and ending area of carrier.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

5 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: optical data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: at least one free area is determined in position, following noted data area of user. Said free area is distributed in backward order from the last element of noted area. When replacing damaged elements of user data it is used from last elements of said free data area.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: data carrier has formatted information for data and manufacturer information, containing identification information for recording device, which forms or modifies data on data carrier, and normalizes information, related to modification of data on carrier. Manufacturer information has individual format, incompatible to other manufacturers.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

7 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: at least one free area is determined in location, following said user data area. Said free data area is distributed in reverse order from the last element of noted area. When replacing damaged elements of user data it is used starting from last elements of noted free data area.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: optical data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: data carrier has data area. The latter has multiple zones, in which code blocks with error corrections are formed and sectors remaining as a result of sliding replacement at the end of zone, number of which is less than necessary for forming of one code block with error corrections. Said sectors are not used for recording one code block with error corrections and are skipped, and said code block with error corrections is formed at the beginning of next zone after skipping sectors of zone noted above. Carrier has additional free space, necessary for skipping sectors remaining at the end of zone during sliding replacement process.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: optical data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: method includes following stages: forming of a group of multiple zones on disk, while a group includes data area of user, including code block with correction of mistakes, distribution of primary, free space for the group. Additional free space is distributed with possible exclusion of discontinuousness of code block with correction of mistakes contained in user data area, at the limit between zones and distribution of it at two zones. Such distribution may be realized by skipping sectors at the end of zone, of their number is less than needed for forming code block with correction of mistakes with correction of primary position of code block with correction of mistakes at limit between zones.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: disk has several zones, while each zone has an area for user data for storing user data, and several zones form a group for controlling defects of data carrier, backup area for swapping defects for group is placed on disk, and data about source position for each zone is stored in previously set disk area, while method has following steps: reading of data concerning starting position for each zone, and access to data, on basis of read information concerning source position.

EFFECT: higher recording and reproduction stability due to possible processing of larger defects during hot swap, provided by joining several zones within limits of one group.

5 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: data carriers.

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EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: data carriers.

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EFFECT: higher efficiency.

5 cl, 59 dwg

FIELD: optical data carriers.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stages, during which manufacturer information is recorded on carrier, which is used for supporting specific function of manufacturer, while manufacturer information contains identification information of recorder manufacture, which recorded and/or modified data of data carrier, different from identification information before recording or modification.

EFFECT: higher speed of operation, higher efficiency.

6 cl, 8 dwg

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