Gravity-heat engine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to energy. The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the engine, fed by low-grade heat. The engine installed on the outside of the heat source. It is a sealed vessel made of heat-conductive material, formed by two concentric walls, between which there is a partition dividing the vessel on the inner and outer region, and filled with liquid working fluid, for example water air-cushion. The engine has a turbine, an electric generator, is designed in such a way that the stator is fixed on the wall at the level of the turbine, and the rotor winding is placed in the turbine. As a means of cooling used by the air that simplifies the design of the engine and does not require energy consumption for cooling of the working fluid. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to refrigerating machines, and more particularly to heat engines fueled by low-grade heat.

Known gravitational heat engine that is placed inside the chimney, made in the form of a cylindrical vessel filled with water with an air cushion, with a cylindrical partition the Asti vessel fixed turbine, kinematically connected to a generator, which placed the refrigerator [1].

The disadvantage of this engine is its low productivity.

The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the engine.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the engine representing a sealed vessel made of heat-conducting material filled with liquid working fluid from the air bag and having a cooling means, the turbine and generator, has the form of a capacitance formed by two concentric cylindrical surfaces and separated by a cylindrical wall, not reaching to the top and bottom of the vessel and dividing the volume of the vessel on the inner and outer region. The engine is placed on the outside of the low-grade heat source.

In addition, the generator is designed so that its stator mounted on the wall at the level of the turbine, and the rotor winding is placed in the turbine.

In addition, as a means of cooling used by the air.

The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which shows a vertical section of the engine.

The device proposed gravitatio the high heat of a chimney.

The proposed engine is a sealed vessel made of heat-conductive material, formed by two concentric cylindrical walls: inner 1 and outer 2, which is placed inside the cylindrical partition wall 3 separating the volume of the vessel on the inner 4 and outer 5 region. In the upper part of the vessel, PA bearing 6 is installed turbine 7. The stator 8 of the electric generator mounted on the partition wall 3 at the level of the turbine 7 and the rotor winding is placed in the turbine 7. Below the turbine 7 is fixed annular rails 9 and 10, forming a narrowing of the region 4. The engine installed on the wall 11 of the chimney so that the inner wall 1 is pushed to the Windows 12 in the wall 11 of the chimney. The internal volume of the engine filled with liquid working fluid, for example water, so that in the upper part of the engine remains airbag.

The engine works as follows. Passing inside of the chimney flue gases with a temperature of 150-350oThrough the window 12 and the inner wall 1 heat water in region 4. The water boils. The resulting steam-water mixture has a density less than the density of water and rushes up. Lifting area 4, the steam-water mixture is accelerated and narrowed the turbine operation. The windings of the rotor located in the turbine 7 cross the magnetic lines of force of the stator 8, which results in an electric current. Actuating the turbine 7, the steam-water mixture cools, the steam condenses. Then the water goes into the area 5, and neither of which, it is cooled by atmospheric air through the wall 2. In the lower part of region 5, water flows in the region 4. The process repeats.

Water cooling atmospheric air simplifies the design of the engine and does not require energy consumption for cooling water. Thus, increasing the effectiveness of the proposed engine.

The source of information

1. RF patent 2102632, MKI F 03 J 7/06.

1. Gravitational heat engine, representing a sealed vessel made of heat-conducting material filled with liquid working fluid from the air bag and having a cooling means, a turbine and a generator, characterized in that it has the shape of a vessel formed by two concentric walls, between which there is a partition dividing the vessel on the inner and outer region, with the engine placed on the outside of the heat source so that its inner wall is pushed towards the Windows, made in the East wall is m, the stator is fixed on the wall at the level of the turbine, and the rotor winding is placed in the turbine.

 

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