Power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to power plants with internal combustion engines and steam engines (PM), utilizing the heat of exhaust gases. The aim of the invention is to reduce the weight and size of the installation and increase efficiency, which is provided by the Association of internal combustion engine and PM in a single unit with a common crankshaft and camshafts, consisting of one or more pairs "cylinder - cylinder PM and having a capacitor and a system of water supply cylinders PM. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 tab., 1 Il.

The invention relates to the field of engineering, namely the engine, in particular, the power plant with internal combustion engines (ice) and steam machines (PM), utilizing the heat of exhaust gases of the engine.

Known power plant, including internal combustion engines, salvage PM, heat exchanger, generator, pump and thermostatic system of the engine [1].

Known power unit has the following disadvantages: not fully using the heat of exhaust gases of internal combustion engines due to the fact that in the atmosphere emitted gases with comparatively high temperature, and the presence of two independent engines increases the weight and GABA and PM, the condenser and the pump, engine and PM combined into one unit with a common crankshaft and camshafts, consisting of one or more pairs of the cylinder and the cylinder PM", system supply water cylinders PM capacitor. In addition, the power plant includes a water filter after the condenser.

The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which shows a diagram of the power plant.

Device power plant consider for a four-cylinder variant, in which there are two pairs of cylinder - cylinder PM, and internal combustion engines - gasoline. The installation includes gasoline cylinders 1 and 2 and the cylinders PM 3 and 4 are connected via connecting rods to the crankshaft 5. The cylinders have valves:

a - enter benzenemethanol mixture;

b - exit exhaust gases of internal combustion engines;

in - the input of exhaust gases of the engine, in the cylinder GR;

g - enter (nozzle) water;

d - exit exhaust steam.

The installation also includes a power supply system of internal combustion engine 6, a condenser 7, a filter 8, the water pump 9.

The elements of the unit are connected by lines:

10 - from the power supply system of internal combustion engine to the cylinders 1 and 2;

11 - from the water pump 9 to the cylinders 3 and 4;

12 - from cylinders 3 and 4 to the capacitor 7;

13 - from cylinder 1 to tieu 9;

16 - the emission of gases into the atmosphere.

The unit operates according to the scheme presented in the table.

Consider the pair of cylinders 1 and 3. Stroke in the cylinder 1 cranks Nr. shaft one revolution. The cylinder 3 is the exhaust.

After completion of the stroke in the cylinder 1 it opens the valve b, and the cylinder 3 valve, exhaust gases from the cylinder 1 is transmitted to the cylinder 3. Then when you open the valve on the cylinder 1 is absorbed businessusa mixture. Simultaneously, the cylinder 3 are compressed exhaust gases and increase their temperature. In the next cycle in the cylinder 1 is compressed benzenemethanol mixture. In the cylinder 3 with closed valves "b" and "d" water is injected and closes the valve "g". The water droplets evaporate. The resulting water vapor pushes the piston in the cylinder 3, i.e., is it working stroke. The working cylinders 2 and 4 is similar. In the condenser 7 proven gas-vapor mixture is cooled. Water vapors are condensed and 14 are directed to the filter 8, where after cleaning, go to the water pump 9, the feeding cylinders 3 and 4 water, air and gases from the condenser 7 through line 16 are released into the atmosphere. Outgoing air has t>/P>In the installation on each cylinder internal combustion engine has a cylinder steam engine powered by the heat of exhaust gases, which increases the efficiency of the installation.

Installing crankshaft and camshafts, as well as a number of auxiliary systems - General for internal combustion engines and for PM, which significantly reduces the weight and dimensions of the installation compared to the prototype.

Sources of information

1. Auth.St. The USSR 1112137, MKI F 02 J 5/00, 1984.

1. The power plant including an internal combustion engine and a steam engine, a condenser and a pump, characterized in that the internal combustion engine and steam engine combined into a single unit with a common crankshaft and camshafts, consisting of one or more pairs of the cylinder and the cylinder of the steam-engine, the system supply water cylinder steam engine.

2. The power plant under item 1, characterized in that it includes a water filter after the condenser.

 

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