Gravity-heat engine

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to engines fueled by low-grade heat. The engine is a sealed tank of a heat conducting material separated by a bulkhead on "warm" and "cold" areas, interconnected at the top and bottom. The tank is filled with water so that the top remains airbag. In the upper part of the vessel placed evaporating part of the heat pipe, the condensation of which is outside the heat source and in contact with the atmosphere. Heat pipe performs the functions of the refrigerator. In the upper part of the "warm" region placed turbine with generator. Under turbine there is a narrowing of the "warm" area. The motor is fixed inside the low-grade heat source, adhering to the side wall, where the "cold" area. The engine is minimized heat loss, which increases its effectiveness. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to refrigerating machines, and more particularly to engines fueled by low-grade heat.

Known gravitational heat engine placed in low-grade heat source, containing GE is rodnoy"), filled with water, air-cushion, turbine generator and refrigerator [1].

The disadvantage of this engine is its low efficiency.

The aim of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the engine.

This goal is achieved by the fact that gravity-heat the engine, placed in low-grade heat source containing a pressurized container of heat conducting material with insulating bulkhead that separates the tank into two regions ("warm" and "cold"), filled with water, air-cushion, turbine generator and refrigerator, he as a refrigerator includes a heat pipe, the evaporator of which is placed in the upper part of the vessel and the condensing portion extends beyond the boundaries of the heat source. In addition, the engine is mounted on the wall of the heat source, and to the wall adjacent the "cold" region of the vessel.

The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which presents the proposed engine.

Gravitational heat engine is a sealed container 1 from a heat conducting material, filled with air cushion 2, separated teploizoliruyuschih the second part of the "warm" region 4 is installed turbine 6 with generator (not shown). In the upper part of the vessel placed the evaporation portion 7 of the heat pipe and the condensing portion 8 extends beyond the boundaries of the source of heat and in contact with the atmosphere. In the "warm" region 4 below the turbine 6 has a constriction 9. The engine is mounted inside the heat source, and to the wall 10 adjacent the "cold" region 5 of the tank 1.

The engine works as follows. Passing inside of the chimney flue gases with a temperature of 150-350oWith through the wall of the tank 1 is heated the water in the area 4. The water boils. The resulting steam-water mixture has a density less than the density of water and rushes up. Lifting area 4, the steam-water mixture is accelerated in the constricted part 9 acting as the nozzle reaches a maximum speed and drives the turbine 6, which rotates the generator. The evaporation portion 7 of the heat pipe cools the steam-water mixture in which the bubbles of the vapor condenses. Water descends on the area 5 and at the bottom of the tank 1 flows into area 4. The process repeats.

Cooling of the steam-water mixture by the heat pipe simplifies the design of the engine and does not require energy costs for cooling. Fit "cold" area to the outer wall of the source of heat increases the effectiveness of the proposed engine.

The source of information

1. Pat. RF 2102631, Cited under article Y. of Scrobe "Gravitational heat engine" // Inventor. 1999, 7, S. 13.

1. Gravity is a heat engine that is placed in the low-grade heat source, comprising a sealed container of heat conducting material with insulating bulkhead separating capacity on "warm" and "cold" areas filled with water, air-cushion, turbine, generator and refrigerator, characterized in that the refrigerator uses a heat pipe, the evaporator of which is placed in the upper part of the vessel and the condensing portion extends beyond the boundaries of the source of heat and in contact with the atmosphere.

2. The engine under item 1, characterized in that it is attached to the wall of the heat source so that the wall adjacent to the "cold" region of the vessel.

 

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