Device for rainfall harvesting

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure and can be used in industrial production of forgings, having a length to diameter is 3 or more, and in the determination of physico-mechanical characteristics of materials. The mechanism of rotation of the bottom plate is made in the form of two hydraulic cylinders with piston rods rigidly connected with the rack and pinion and through pipelines with hydraulic power cylinder. The technical result is expressed in the possibility of finding the most efficient mode of deformation of the workpiece by adjusting the magnitude of the twisting of the workpiece from the degree of its precipitation. 2 Il.

The invention relates to the processing of metals by pressure, namely, to designs of devices for precipitation of the workpiece in the press, and can be applied in industry for the production of forgings, having a length to diameter from 3 and more, as well as in the determination of physico-mechanical characteristics of materials.

A device for the precipitation of elongated blanks [1], containing installed with possibility of vertical movement of the upper plate and placed rotatably through the mechanism p. the economic gears, associated with the rail by means of a reducer.

The disadvantage of this device is the inability to control gear ratio of the mechanism in a wide range.

The invention is aimed at expanding the technological capabilities of the device by increasing the range of process control sediments with torsion.

This is achieved by a device for rainfall harvesting mechanism of rotation of the bottom plate is made in the form of two hydraulic cylinders with piston rods rigidly connected with the rack and pinion and through pipelines with hydraulic power cylinder.

Structural diagram of the device shown in the drawing, where Fig.1 shows a basic view of the device, and Fig.2 - section a-A.

The device consists of a casing 1 (Fig.1 shape is not shown), is installed on the hydraulic power cylinder 2 with a piston 3 connected to the pipe 4. The plunger is fixed to the upper die 5. The lower die 6 still installed on the bottom plate 7 made in the form of a gear wheel. The rails 8 and 9 are rigidly connected to respective rods 10 and 11 of the hydraulic cylinders 12 and 13 and form a kinematic pair with plate 7. On the table 14 are fixed PL is the Power cylinder connected to the hydraulic cylinders 12 and 13 through the piping system 17, includes a throttle 18. The device also includes supporting elements 19, structurally designed according to [2] in the form of sectors obtained by cutting into 6 or 8 equal parts of a truncated conical workpiece coaxially with the hole, the diameter of which is equal to the diameter of the settling of the workpiece. When this supporting elements are installed in the hard case.

The device operates as follows. The workpiece 20 is mounted on the lower die 6, combining it with the axis of rotation of the firing pin by means of the supporting elements 19. After that, include a hydraulic cylinder 2 stroke. The working fluid in line 4 is supplied to the hydraulic cylinder and acts on the plunger 3. Under the action of the plunger the upper die 5 is moved vertically downwards towards the striker 6. As the lowering of the firing pin 5 is the contact of the workpiece 20 with him, and then the introduction of both edges of the heads in the body of the workpiece. When reaching this point, the detectable visually or servo system (not shown), the working fluid in the piping system 17 through the orifice 18 enters the cylinders 12 and 13, through which is exposed on the plate 7 and its rotation by means of the rails 8 and 9, connected with the rods 10 and 11. The PCI and it is possible to choose the most optimal modes of deformation of the workpiece. After precipitation of the workpiece to the desired height of the top die 5 assign up and remove the workpiece from the device.

Using a device as a test equipment will enable research to determine physical and mechanical properties of metals.

Sources of information

1. A. C. the USSR 841765, MKI 21 J 13/02, published 1981. (prototype).

2. A. C. the USSR 1411624, MKI G 01 N 3/08, published 1986.

Device for rainfall harvesting, containing installed with possibility of vertical movement of the upper plate and placed rotatably by means of the rotation of the bottom plate, characterized in that it is provided with a hydraulic power cylinder, racks, piping and throttle, the bottom plate is made in the form of a gear wheel and the turning mechanism is in the form of two hydraulic cylinders, the rods which are rigidly connected with the rails, the latter mounted for engagement with the toothed wheel, while the power cylinder through pipelines and the inductor is connected to hydraulic cylinders.

 

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