The heat source for heating liquids
(57) Abstract:The invention is intended for heating of buildings and structures. The heat generator comprises a cylindrical housing, with the base of the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow from the input injection nozzle, provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator input and injection nozzle. The lower and upper parts of the body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two brake devices, and in the middle of the insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet and the inlet of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other. The technical result is to increase the efficiency of heating the liquid. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill. The invention relates to a device for heating of buildings and structures.Known heat /1/ containing sealed spherical enclosure with located therein a heat exchanger network pump, flow and return isolation valves. The disadvantage of this boiler - high working pressure up to 1000 bar.
1. USSR author's certificate N 458591, CL F 25 B 29/00, 1972.2. RF patent N 2045715, CL F 25 29/00, 1995. 1. The heat source for heating liquids containing cylindrical body having in the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow from the input injection nozzle, characterized in that the cylindrical body is provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator input and injection nozzle.2. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the lower and upper body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two brake devices, and in the middle of the insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet.3. Heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-2, characterized in that the inlet of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: system has heat source - heat carrier heater, connected to vortex pipe, connected to heat consumer by feeding and backward pipeline of heat carrier. Into feeding pipeline of heat carrier pipeline of hot stream of heat carrier is connected, projecting from vortex pipe, and pipeline of cold flow of heat carrier outputted from vortex pipe is connected to suck-in branch pipe of heat carrier forcing pump, while cold flow of heat carrier passes through heat exchange device, into which heat carrier of outer source of low-potential heat is fed.
EFFECT: higher effectiveness.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises heating and forced circulation of heat-transfer agent with the use of a piston machine, heating the heat-transfer agent up to the steam condition with the pressure that provides rotation of the crankshaft with the use of electric pulses generated from the signals from the pickups of position of the crankshaft, and supplying the heated agent to the mixer and heating apparatus.
EFFECT: reduced cost and expanded functional capabilities.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering, particularly urban heat-supplying systems.
SUBSTANCE: method involves heating heat-transfer medium in heat source; supplying thereof to heat consumer and returning heat-transfer medium in heat source. Vortex tube with heat-transfer medium pump is used as the heat source. Heat-transfer medium is divided inside vortex tube into hot and cold heat-transfer medium flows. Hot heat-transfer medium flow is supplied to consumer, cold one exiting vortex tube is returned to inlet pipe of the pump. Heat from remote low-potential heat source is applied to cold heat-transfer medium flow exiting the vortex tube.
EFFECT: increased economy due to low-potential heat utilization.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: automatic control systems, namely controlling air temperature in rooms heated by means of open heat supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus is designed for controlling air temperature in room heated by means of open heat supply system having circuits of common and secondary circulation with direct and reverse main lines. Each circuit includes circulation pump with drive unit and revolution number regulator. Main line of pump of secondary circulation circuit is connected with outlet of pressure controller and main line of pump of common circulation circuit is connected with outlet of air temperature controller. Apparatus also includes pickup for detecting temperature of reverse heat transfer agent at outlet of heating system. Heat quantity meter is mounted at outlet of circulation pump of direct main line of common circulation. Flow rate meter of heat transfer agent is mounted at outlet of circulation pump of secondary circulation circuit.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of apparatus, lowered flow rate of heat transfer agent of common circulation circuit at maximum use of energy potential of heat transfer agent and increased flow rate of heat transfer agent of additional circulation circuit, optimal heat consumption and electric energy cost in drive units of pumps.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: energy conversion into heat by liquid parameter change, particularly to obtain heat used in raw hydrocarbon gathering, preparation and refining, in chemistry and oil chemistry, to heat hydrogen-containing liquid polluted with mechanical injuries, salt and gels.
SUBSTANCE: method involves creating vortex flow of cavitating liquid by utilizing liquid pressure and providing following linear liquid flow; providing cavitating liquid flow rotation at speed which provides creation of central and peripheral areas in which positive and negative ions of dissociated liquid molecules are accumulated during cavitation thereof. The negative ions are gathered in peripheral area under the action of centrifugal force. Positive ions having lesser mass are accumulated in central area of liquid flow. This results in obtaining potential difference between central and peripheral areas of liquid flow.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of liquid flow energy conversion into heat along with electric power obtaining.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: system comprises supplying and return pipelines, supplying and return stand pipes connected with them, and heating members mounted in the rooms of the building. The heating members are connected only with the supplying stand pipes, or heating members are connected only to the return stand pipes.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heat engineering, in particular, vortex-type heat generators, may be used as heat energy source in heating and waster supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has pump with electric engine and cylindrical reservoir, which are mounted on frame equipped with vibratory supports made from resilient material. Speeding-up device immovably located within reservoir consists of conical liquid flow accelerator, liquid medium vortex unit, and pipeline extending along reservoir, with said parts of speeding-up device being rigidly connected with one another. Braking device is made in the form of plate which simultaneously serves as bracket for fixed mounting of speeding-up device within reservoir. Reservoir is hydraulically connected with pump via pipelines provided with inlet and outlet apertures serving for connection to heating and hot water supply system. Conical housing fixed on electric engine is functioning as diffuser. Air valve is installed at upper point of reservoir for removal of air accumulated in apparatus. Cylindrical surface and ends of reservoir are covered with heat- and sound insulating material.
EFFECT: increased heat output of apparatus, reduced heat energy losses, increased mechanical stability and improved ergonomic factors.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying heat-transfer agent to the heating unit made of a vortex pipe by means of a pump, branching the flow at the exit of the vortex pipe into the cold and hot flows, supplying the hot flow to the consumer and returning it to the heat-transfer agent pump, and supplying the cold flow to the heat-transfer agent pump through the main entrance to the heating circuit of the heat exchanger. Downstream of the consumer, the hot heat-transfer agent flow is branched into two flows. One of the flows is directed to the heat-transfer agent pump, and the other flow is directed to the heat-transfer agent pump through the additional inlet of the heating circuit of the heat exchanger. The hot flow is branched by means of a control unit whose inputs receive signals from temperature gages set in the pipelined at the entrance to the control unit and at the exit through which the flow of low-potential heat is discharged from the cooling circuit of the heat exchanger.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
3 cl, 1 dwg