The heat source for heating liquids

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for heating of buildings and structures. The heat generator comprises a cylindrical housing, with the base of the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow from the input injection nozzle, provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator input and injection nozzle. The lower and upper parts of the body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two brake devices, and in the middle of the insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet and the inlet of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other. The technical result is to increase the efficiency of heating the liquid. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates to a device for heating of buildings and structures.

Known heat /1/ containing sealed spherical enclosure with located therein a heat exchanger network pump, flow and return isolation valves. The disadvantage of this boiler - high working pressure up to 1000 bar.

The disadvantage of this boiler - low thermodynamic efficiency of energy conversion.

The purpose of the invention is to increase thermodynamic efficiency of energy transformation and size reduction of the heat generator.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the heat source for heating liquids containing cylindrical body having in the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow from the input injection nozzle, a casing provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator input and injection nozzle. The lower and upper body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two brake devices, and in the middle of the insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet. In addition, the inputs of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other.

Increasing the efficiency of heating the liquid contributes to the fact that the lower and upper body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two braking devices at the entrance and in the middle of the cylindrical insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet: when the flow from the lower and upper parts of the cylindrical insert through the braking device further temperature increase due to fluid friction forces for a counter-strike movement downward and upward flow of liquid and subsequent rotation of the combined fluid flow by 90 degrees. Due to the fact that the outputs of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other, are twisted threads W is obodenii fluid flows through the braking device and the subsequent impact with oncoming traffic in the cylindrical insert.

In the analysis of the prior art in order to verify the novelty of the proposed heat source not found counterparts to set the above listed characteristics. Therefore, the described technical solution meets the criterion of "novelty."

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of a heat generator for heating the liquid; Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - section b - b In figure 1.

The heat generator comprises a cylindrical housing 1 having at the base of the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow 2 input injection nozzle 3. The housing 1 is provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator 4 and the input injection nozzle 5. The lower and upper part of the housing 1 are interconnected by a cylindrical insert 6 with two brake devices 7 and 8, and in the middle insert 6 between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet 9. In addition, the inlet openings 10 and 11 of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other.

Works heat as follows.

Simultaneously, fluid flow through the injection nozzles 3 and 5 of liquids is participation 10 and 11 due to friction of the fluid partially heated. In cyclones 2 and 4 occur the acceleration of the fluid and its twisting. In the twist of the liquid there is a change in fluid pressure, which increases the temperature of the liquid in the lower and upper parts of the heat generator. When passing through the braking device 6, and 7 of the kinetic energy of the fluid decreases, which leads to a further increase in the temperature of the liquid in opposite threads when they blow. Two-way flow provides a more efficient conversion of mechanical energy into thermal energy, because it increases the dissipation per unit volume heat source, which causes the reduction of the dimensions of the heat source. When the flow from the lower and upper parts of the cylindrical insert through the braking device further temperature increase due to fluid friction forces for a counter-strike movement downward and upward flow of liquid and subsequent rotation of the combined fluid flow by 90 degrees. Due to the fact that the outputs of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other, are twisted flow, rotating in opposite directions, which contributes to more if there is oncoming traffic in the cylindrical insert.

For the manufacture of a heat source in an industrial environment using standard equipment and materials.

Sources of information

1. USSR author's certificate N 458591, CL F 25 B 29/00, 1972.

2. RF patent N 2045715, CL F 25 29/00, 1995.

1. The heat source for heating liquids containing cylindrical body having in the lower part of the cyclone accelerator fluid flow from the input injection nozzle, characterized in that the cylindrical body is provided with an additional, located in the upper part of the body of the cyclone accelerator input and injection nozzle.

2. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the lower and upper body are interconnected by a cylindrical insert with two brake devices, and in the middle of the insert between the brake device is installed perpendicular to the vertical axis of the boiler outlet.

3. Heat generator according to any of paragraphs. 1-2, characterized in that the inlet of the injection nozzles of the lower and upper portions directed towards each other.

 

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