Composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to textile manufacturing, and in particular to compositions for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling when preparing them for processing in spinning, weaving and knitting industries, for example when preparing the ground for warp knitting machines of production. A sizing composition contains, by weight. %: 75,0-79,5 mineral oil, 14-16 alkylphosphate, 5-6 monooleate glycerol, 0.5 to 1.0 oxide of the transition metal, 1-2 higher unsaturated carboxylic acid. Processing the specified composition of the textile yarn of man-made fibres can significantly improve the quality of their processing. Breakage of various kinds of fibres during processing, such as knitting warp knitting machines, decreases in average of 28.0%. Decreases the coefficient of friction of the threads on steel average 21.5%, electrical resistivity, on average, 70.0% and increases the strength textile yarn on average by 10.0%. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 4 PL. The invention relates to textile manufacturing, and in particular to compositions for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling while preparing them to re the fuck knitwear production.From patent and scientific and technical sources known to many chemicals used to process the oiling of various fibrous materials and textile yarn.So famous, in particular, the sizing for processing fibrous materials containing wt. %: mineral oil 64-70, emulsifier 24-30, monooleate glycerol 1.5 to 5, the drug Sintana 0,2-2 (Sizing for processing fibrous materials. A. C. the USSR 471407 D 06 M 13/02 bull. 19 from 25.05.1975). The sizing is designed to improve the processing ability of textile threads in reducing the coefficient of friction, reducing breakage of filaments and their electrified. However, the processing of fibrous materials this sizing has several disadvantages, in particular the adhesion of the fibers and their complexes; insufficient to ensure the quality of the technological process of reducing the coefficient of friction of the threads about nitroprusside parts of textile machines. In addition, the sizing is irritant effect on the skin of a person that does not meet the necessary sanitary-hygienic requirements.Also known lubricant for synthetic fibers, containing in wt. hours : mineral is metilirovannah ALKYLPHENOLS (or drug Sintana DC-4 on the basis of ethoxylated alcohols WITH10-C16) 4-8 and water 2-5 (Lubricant for synthetic fibers. A. C. the USSR 812863, class D 06 M 13/02 1981 ). The sizing is recommended to reduce the electrified and improve the quality of winding synthetic threads. However, the sizing is not effective, mainly because of its high viscosity. The disadvantage of this composition is also uneven friction coefficient along the length of the processed threads, which leads to lower quality of the produced final product, in particular the increase in the number of breaks per unit weight of the knitted fabric.Of the other compounds described in the technical literature, you can specify, for example, a sizing composition for processing complex khlopkopryadilnaya yarn, containing in wt. %: grease mineral oil or synthetic lubricant 10-30, antistatic (sulfate or phosphate) 10-25, emulsifier 20-35 and water 30-45 (Wen Yean Wu and Jiunn-yih Lee "Effect of oil on the Spread Width of the Composite Yarn". Textile Research Journol 6,1995, s. s. 343-347). This sizing composition improves the processing capability of a complex khlopkopryadilnaya yarn. But as the previous structures, it does not provide the necessary reduction of the coefficient of trenline.The closest in technical essence and the achieved result of the claimed invention is a lubricant for synthetic fibers (known in the industry under the name N-02) containing vaseline oil, alkylphosphate (drug exits And or exits) and monooleate glycerin. Description this sizing is given, for example, in the technical specifications 6-14-51-76 (all-Union scientific research Institute of synthetic fibers, Kalinin, 1976 ). Such structure reduces the electrified coefficient of friction of the treated synthetic fibres and thus improves their ability to subsequent textile processing. However, as in the case of the treatment of textile yarns previously described counterparts, the film formed on the surfaces participating in frictional contact bodies, not strong enough and has a structure that does not protect nakonratchasima the metal parts of textile machines from harmful oxide films and therefore wears out quickly. All this predetermines the possibility of plastic deformation of the surface and deeper layers of textile yarns and nakonratchasima parts of textile machines, which in turn leads to Umea textile threads.The technical problem solved by the invention, is to improve the processing ability of chemical textile yarn. In particular, the new structure allows to reduce the number of breaks per unit weight of the knitted fabric by reducing the coefficient of friction of the threads on notcontentindexed metal parts, knitting machines, as well as by reducing the electrified filaments and increase their strength.This task is solved in that the composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling with mineral oil, alkylphosphate and monooleate glycerin, further includes an oxide of one of the transition metals, which is the oxidizing agent relative to the metal nakonratchasima parts of textile machinery and high unsaturated carboxylic acid in the following ratio, wt. %.Mineral oil - 75,0-79,5
Alkylphosphate - 14-16
Monooleate glycerol - 5-6
The transition metal oxide is 0.5 - 1
Higher unsaturated carboxylic acid - 1-2
Introduction to the proposed composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling oxide of one yousee parts of textile machinery and high unsaturated carboxylic acid in the following ratio of components, wt. %:
Mineral oil - 75,0-79,5
Alkylphosphate - 14-16
Monooleate glycerol - 5-6
The transition metal oxide is 0.5 - 1
Higher unsaturated carboxylic acid - 1-2
ensure that the protective film formed by this composition on the textile threads, ORGANOMETALLIC salts, and in some cases ORGANOMETALLIC complex compounds. When the frictional interaction processed by the claimed composition of the textile yarn of man-made fibres metal nakonratchasima surfaces of textile machines ORGANOMETALLIC compounds, studies show, are partially dissociated state. Broken ORGANOMETALLIC compounds deliver metal ions, which are due to the redox reaction are discharged on the surface nakonratchasima parts of textile machines and form a uniform film. Usually metal parts of textile machines made of iron alloys. Therefore, as a transition metal, which is the oxidizing agent to iron, the composition may contain metals such as Cd, Co, Ni, Pb, Cu, Ag.Educated proposed composition of the metal film has OC the VA, consequently, the upper part has no oxides and thereby eliminates a number of negative factors that increase the friction, increase wear and reduce strength, such as plastic deformation of the surface layers, surface roughness and absorption of parts and components. When the local wear of the formed film is its constant self-healing due to the flow on the exposed parts of the metal surfaces of the above-mentioned reactions. Thus on the whole surface area of frictional contact during movement of the treated textile yarn is formed self-healing metal film.It should also be noted that the introduction of the higher unsaturated carboxylic acids gives the opportunity to form due to the double bond and the carboxyl group of the oligomeric structure included in the sphere of transition metals, and to be adsorbed on the surfaces of friction, procrea their surface layers. Studies have shown that it is this property increases the strength treated by the claimed composition of textile threads.As the transition metal composition which contains monovalent copper. Copper has a standard electrode the mu is a necessary condition for carrying out oxidation-reduction reactions:
where copper - oxidant and iron - reducing agent.In addition, studies have shown that monovalent copper - active complexing agents and the interaction with higher unsaturated carboxylic acids forming organic salts of copper, as well as complex compounds of copper due to the interaction of copper ions with a carboxyl group-COOH via the main valence and group-CH= CH - by secondary valence.Introduction in the inventive composition as higher unsaturated carboxylic acid, oleic acid leads to the formation of compounds that possess the properties required for the education on the friction surfaces of the protective film with the above properties and a stable dispersed emulsion in mineral oil.In addition, the effectiveness of the presence in the composition of surface-active substances of other types, such as alkylphosphate and monooleate glycerin reflected in the increasing concentration and stability of the resulting compounds due to the additional interaction between uglevodorodnye radicals of these compounds and these surface-active substances.Mineral oil - 77,6
Alkylphosphate - 15
Monooleate glycerin - 5
The monovalent oxide copper - 0,8
Oleic acid - 1,6
The possibility of carrying out the invention is illustrated by the following examples of the preparation of the proposed structure with various components, as well as comparative data given in table. 1-4. In these tables presents obtained on the basis of a comparative experimental studies of indicators of physico-mechanical properties and processing capacity of viscose, acetate, polyester and polyamide filaments as not processed, or processed by several variants of the preparation of the proposed structure and its closest analogue.Example 1
In a container heated to 60oWith mineral oil of mark T(vaseline) and 77.6 wt. % add a mixture of the drug exits And in the amount of 15 wt. % and monooleate glycerin in an amount of 5 wt. %. The composition is stirred for 30 min at t= 60oC. In a container heated to t= 75oC oleic acid brand And in the amount of 1.6 wt. % add the oxide monovalent copper in the amount of 0.8 wt. % and stirred for 5 min at t= 75oC. Connect the two is further heated. Composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling cooled to t= 20-25oC and poured into the feed tub warping machine, where it is applied on a textile yarn.Example 2
In a container heated to 60oWith mineral oil of mark T (vaseline) and 77.6 wt. % add a mixture of the drug exits In the amount of 15 wt. % and monooleate glycerin in an amount of 5 wt. %. The composition is stirred for 30 min at t= 65oC. In a container heated to t= 75oC linoleic acid number of 1.6 wt. % add lead oxide PbO2at 0.8 wt. % and stirred for 5 min at t= 75oC. Connect these two songs and continue to stir for another 30 min to complete hamonization composition without further heating. Composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling cooled to t= 20-25oC and then used as in example 1.The inventive composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling provides, as noted above, the formation on the surface of textile threads of the oil film containing in addition to alkylphosphate and monooleate glycerin, metallurg consisting of a layer included in the composition of the metal, a layer of surface-active substances and a layer of mineral oil. Such a structure of the protective layer on the friction surfaces ensures that the solution of a technical problem.The ability of viscose, acetate, polyester and polyamide filaments for processing after the processing of their proposed composition, conducting production tests were evaluated according to the number of yarn breaks per 1 kg of the knitted fabric during the knitting warp knitting machine, as well as the change of physico-mechanical properties such as strength, coefficient of variation in strength, the relative tensile strength, coefficient of friction of textile threads in steel, electrical resistivity.Textile yarn before the tests were kept in normal conditions at t= 202oC and relative humidity of 652% for 24 hours of sampling threads were carried out in accordance with GOST 6611.0-73 (ST SEV 2462-80).Monitoring chemical processing textile yarns for warp knitting machines knitting production to determine the number of breaks was carried out on 100 kg of each type of thread, and then determined the average number of yarn breaks per 1 kg of produced tricot linear density of 25 Tex, polyester yarns with a linear density of 5.5 Tex and nylon yarns with a linear density of 5 Tex-treated composition according to the invention, prepared according to example 1 (option 3) and example 2 (option 4) presented in the above tables (option 3). For comparison, test data of physico-mechanical properties of these types of textile fibres, not processed in any structure (option 1), and processed currently applied by the lubricant prepared in accordance with the applicable specifications 6-14-51-76 (option 2).As can be seen from the table. 1-4, the proposed composition for the treatment of textile yarns (options 3, 4) is markedly superior to known lubricant (option 2) on all major indicators, first of all, the ability to give viscose, acetate, polyester and polyamide filaments of the required quality for processing. This increases the strength of viscose yarn 23.0%; acetate filaments by 13.0%; polyester staple fibres by 1.0%; polyamide filaments by 4.0%. The coefficient of variation in strength is reduced to: viscose yarn 11.0%; acetate filaments by 12.5%; polyester staple fibres by 1.0%; polyamide filaments by 2.0%. Relative tensile load increases for: vis what I have become reduced to: viscose yarn 21.5%; acetate filaments by 7.0%; polyester yarn 25.0%; polyamide filaments by 32.5%. Reduced electrical resistivity for all kinds of threads on average 70%. In connection with the improvement of the above parameters reduces the number of breaks per 1 kg of the knitted fabric during the knitting of viscose yarn 50% acetate filaments by 25.0%, polyester yarn, 20% for polyamide fibres 17.5%.Composition for the treatment of textile yarns from fibers by oiling is an oily yellow liquid with a greenish tint. The kinematic viscosity of the composition according to the claimed invention is at t= 25oC 22,0-28,5 C. Stable for 1 hour steady enough with the formation of the layer of cream is not more than 3 mm and drops of oil on the surface. As shown by experimental studies, the shelf life of the emulsion is not less than 6 months. The average number of composition on the treated textile threads, and for other similar compounds, is 2.0 to 2.5% by weight of the filament. The composition is removed from textile yarn after processing, as usual, during the subsequent technological operations connected with finishing of knitted fabrics. 3. Composition under item 1, characterized in that the quality of higher unsaturated carboxylic acids it contains oleic acid.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: here is disclosed procedure for production of poly-ethylene-terephtalate items by means of drawing polymer item of stretched shape in adsorption-active fluid medium containing dissolved silver salt, and by means of drying item in isometric conditions with successive heat treatment of item at 50°C and above during not less, than 5 sec. Film, fibre, tube, rod or tape can be used as a polymer item of stretched shape.
EFFECT: simplified production of poly-ethylene-terephtalate items and raised antibacterial properties compared to known.
6 cl, 2 ex
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing sewing threads, in particular to treating sewing threads with composition to impart sweet-smelling properties, and can be used at thread enterprises manufacturing synthetic and cotton threads, which can be used for sewing clothes. Composition contains, wt %: paraffin 25-55, stearin 18-32, low-molecular weight methylvinylsiloxane rubber 20-33, bee wax 3-6, triethanolamine 3.5-4.9, and aromatizer 0.05-0,5.
EFFECT: improved consumer properties of product.
4 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular lubrication of wood, wood fiber or mixtures thereof with synthetic fibers.
SUBSTANCE: claimed oil-based agent contains oleic acid and triethanolamine. As oily base transformer oil is used. Compositions may also contain one or two antistatics, emulsifier and doping agent. Moreover composition additionally contains 0.1 % ampicillin aqueous solution in ethanol in amount of 0.001 % (based on composition mass).
EFFECT: agent of improved physical and chemical characteristics, decreased foaming and delaminating, decreased corrosive activity and biological affect; reduced antistatic and emulsifier consumption.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: production of protecting and corrosion-resistant materials by impregnating fibrous base with antiseptic and corrosion-resistant compounds.
SUBSTANCE: material is made in the form of low-twist yarn of flat section from bast-fiber or mixed filaments having linear density of 1,500-3,500 tex and twist rate of 20-50 per 1 m. Yarn is reinforced with high-strength thread consisting of synthetic filaments having linear density of 60-120 tex or bast-fiber filaments having linear density of 200-600 tex. Rupture load of reinforcing thread is 30-60% of rupture load of yarn. Material is also impregnated with compound including 12-28 wt% of liquid non-volatile or low-volatile low-viscosity petroleum products used as filler, 0.2-1.5 wt% of product of reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons with isobutylene as antiseptic.
EFFECT: increased workability and covering capacity, high fungi-resistance and strength, in particular, on usage of jute filament and Capron thread, and impregnation compound based on transformer oil and antiseptic.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile fabrics, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of cordage used in industrial fishing. Article is submerged into composition for treatment and pulled through it. Composition contains latex BSM-65 of A or B brand, wax emulsion VE-40, water and dye, if required. Then article is preliminarily dried at 40±5°C, the first stage of drying is carried out at 60±10°C for 16-18 minutes. The second stage is realised at 80±10°C for 16-18 minutes and thermally treated at 130±10°C for 1.5-3.5 minutes.
EFFECT: production of flexible, plastic and brightly coloured articles.
3 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of chemical technology of textile fiber materials and refers to the method of treatment of synthetic fiber materials in order to increase their hygienicity. Synthetic fiber materials are exposed to water solution of complex cation of chrome benzoate (III) or water solution of complex cation of aluminum benzoate or water solution of complex cation of copper benzoate (II) with concentration 0.1-0.5 mol/l for 1.5 hours at the temperature 98-100°C, hydromodule 50. Then it is washed twice with the cold water and is dried.
EFFECT: improved hygienic properties of synthetic fibers and materials.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: emulsion of superabsorbent of water-in-oil type is applied to the yarn. Oil is a continuous oil phase and contains saturated hydrocarbons. And at least 70 wt % hydrocarbons contain 20 to 32 carbon atoms.
EFFECT: invention provides for the prevention or reduction of sedimentation of superabsorbent or oil on the guide rollers in the process of applying superabsorbent emulsion of water-in-oil type to the yarn.
6 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing includes the stage 1 of preliminary oxidation of a cystine linkage (-S-S- linkage), existing in an epidermis cell of the fibre of animal origin, the stage 2 of oxidation of the preliminary oxidised -S-S- linkage with ozone for transformation of the -S-S- linkage into at least the condition of double, triple or quarternary oxidation; and the stage 3 of restoration splitting of the -S-S linkage. At the stage 2 ozone is supplied in the form of microbubbles into an aqueous solution containing an anion surfactant containing a C8-24 alkyl group, and the fibre is put in contact with ozone.
EFFECT: efficient manufacturing of a fibre of animal origin for a short period of time, which has superb resistance to subsidence, with low extent of felting when washed in a water system.
6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by applying on the surface of the complex aramid thread of the processing composition comprising mineral heat resistant odorless oil with a flash point not less than 180°C; a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol as emulsifier, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate an antistatic agent and a preservative to protection from biological damage with the following ratio of components, wt %: heat-resistant oil - 45-60, a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol - 20-30, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate - 19.93-24.9, preservative 0.07-0.1. The ratio of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol in the mixture is 4:1. The derivatives of isatiozolones and oxalidines are used as preservative.
EFFECT: increase in electrical conductivity properties, protection against biological damage while maintaining high physical and mechanical properties of aramid threads and exclusion of irritating odor.
4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of particles consisting of a core and a shell for coating the thread or textile material with them, to restrain or prevent wicking of water into the said thread or textile material. The particles are described, consisting of a core and a shell, for restraining or preventing the wicking of water into the thread or textile material, where the said particles have an average diameter of 10-300 nm and a mean-square deviation σ which is at least 10% of the average value, in which the shell of the particle consisting of a core and a shell comprises a copolymer of a vinyl aromatic monomer and a maleimide monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg of from 120 to 220°C. Also the thread or the textile material is described, containing aramid threads provided with a finish preparation containing diglyceride or triglyceride obtained from glycerol which is esterified with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 6-20 carbon atoms, where the finished thread or textile material is provided with the above mentioned particles.
EFFECT: prevention of wicking of water in the textile material.
12 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition for fire-proof treatment of polyether fibres contains the following in pts.wt: phosphorus-boron-containing methacrylate 45.0, water 55.0, ammonia 8.0, sodium persulphate 0.225-0.45 and ground 23KNTS polycaproamide fibre 0.045-0.225.
EFFECT: high fire-resistance, strength, adhesion to chloroprene rubber.
2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition for fire-proof treatment contains the following, pts.wt: 20.00-25.00 methyl phosphite borate, 75.00-80.00 water, 20.00-25.00 ammonia and optionally 0.30-0.75 phenol-formaldehyde resin SF-282.
EFFECT: high fire-resistance, strength, resistance to thermal-oxidative decomposition and heat-resistance of polyester fibres.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer textile materials of special purpose and concerns textile reinforcement, comprising a continuous aramid yarn. Yarn has a finish containing mono-or dialkyl phosphate ester or a mixture thereof. Finish is free of compounds with alkoxy groups and comprises a mono- or dialkyl phosphate ester, has formula (I), in which R1 is a branched or straight C1-C15-alkyl, R2 is H, Li, Na, K or NH4 or branched or straight C1-C15-alkyl, and M denotes Li, Na, K or NH4. Textile reinforcement can be used to produce hoses, pipes, flexible pipes, fibre-optic cables, power cables, fiber-reinforced composites and articles with ballistic resistance.
EFFECT: invention provides creation of efficient technology of finishing continuous aramid yarn for production of quality textile reinforcement.
15 cl, 1 dwg, 6 ex, 17 tbl