A vehicle with a fluid dynamics engine
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of power units of vehicles. The vehicle includes a frame with chassis and suspension, which includes a driver's cab, body, control mechanisms and fluid dynamics engine. Provided the hydraulic motor, the inlet cavity through which the shutoff valves and the distributor valve is connected with the output connections of the two reactors, the inlet pipe through which the shutoff valves and the intake valves are connected with feed tank. The exhaust cavity of the hydraulic motor is connected to the cyclone, the output of which is connected with a metering tank, and an inner cavity with the atmosphere. Inside the reactors are placed in several rows gas generators, each of which is an automatically openable and closable container placed inside the active elements made of metal or alloy, related to the cerium and yttrium groups of the family of lanthanides. The movable components of the gas generator through the drive mechanisms associated with the engine management system. The working fluid fluid dynamics engine is distilled water. The invention is directed to povertyreport and can be used as a means of transport.Known GAZ-51A (4x2), containing frame, on which is placed the cab, body, engine, through which power transmission is connected to the rear wheels, the control mechanisms. Vehicle weight 2500 kg, load capacity 2000 - 2500 kg, maximum speed 70 km/h, engine power 70 HP at 2800 rpm, the fuel consumption of 20 liters per 100 km at a speed of 40 km/h. /Quick automotive Handbook, NIIAT, ed. 8, M, Transportation, 1979, 116-118 C./.The disadvantages of the GAZ-51A are: large fuel consumption, environmental pollution by exhaust gases.These drawbacks are caused by the design of the car and its engine.Also known car ZIL-130 (4x2), containing frame, on which is placed the cab, body, engine, connected through power transmission to the rear wheels driven front wheels, the control mechanisms. Vehicle weight 4300 kg, load capacity 5000 kg, maximum speed 90 km/h, engine power 150 HP at 3200 rpm, fuel consumption, 28 l per 100 km at a speed of 30-40 km/h. /Ibid S. 125-130/.Famous car ZIL-130, as the closest to the technical essence and achieved protip, the same.These drawbacks are due to the design of the engine and the car itself.The aim of the present invention is to improve the operational characteristics of the vehicle.The objective according to the invention is ensured by the fact that petrol four-stroke eight-cylinder engine replaced the engine containing the vane hydraulic motor, two reactor inlet nozzles through which the shutoff valves and the intake valves are connected with feed tank connected to the tank for storing the working fluid, and output pipes of the above-mentioned reactors connected through shut-off valves and the distribution valve to the input cavity vane motor, the output cavity which is connected with a spiral cavity of the cyclone, the outlet of which is connected with a metering tank and the internal cavity through the exhaust pipe connected to the atmosphere, and inside the reactors are placed in several rows gas generators, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container, inside of which is placed the active elements made of cerium or yttrium or of an alloy belonging to the cerium and yttrium family Lantano the engine management, the working fluid is distilled water.The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a General view of the vehicle of Fig. 2 diagram of power transmission of the vehicle of Fig. 3 is a General view of the fluid dynamics of the engine of Fig. 4 is a top view of fluid dynamics engine of Fig. 5 is a diagram of the fluid dynamics of the engine of Fig. 6 is a General view of the reactor in the section, Fig. 7 is a General view of the gas generator section, Fig. 8 is a section along AA of Fig. 7 (the location of parts of the gas generator in the maximum performance mode), Fig. 9 - location of components gas generator mode minimum performance, Fig. 10 - location of components gas generator is in the off position, Fig. 11 is a General view of the drive mechanism of the gas generator of Fig. 12 is a left side view on the drive mechanism of the gas generator of Fig. 13-device shut-off valve of Fig. 14 device of the cyclone of Fig. 15 - diagram of the drive generator of electric current, in Fig. 16 - drive scheme of the distribution valve of Fig. 17 - hydraulic engine control system of Fig. 18 - device clamps the minimum speed, in Fig. 19 diagram of the encoder shaft speed of the motor driver cabin 3, the body 4. The engine 5, is placed in front of the frame, through the clutch 6, transmission 7 and the PTO transmission 8 is connected to the rear axle. Clutch, gearbox and shaft drive made without features. The engine includes a housing 9 of a cylindrical type, which is installed inside vane hydraulic motor, comprising a housing 10, a closed front 11 and rear 12 lids, inside which is located a rotor 13 mounted on the shaft 14, passed through the holes in the front and back covers. The rotor is made of three radial groove 15, into which are inserted the blades 16, each of which has a roller 17, which is curvilinear shaped groove 18, is made on the inner surface of the back cover. Vane hydraulic motor has an inlet 19 and outlet 20 of the cavity.On the front end of the shaft has a flywheel 21 having a ring gear, which engages with the gear 22 of the drive generator of electric current 23. On the rear end of the shaft is fixed a gear 24, which is engaged with the driven gear 25 mounted on the lower end of the vertical shaft 26, the upper end of which is fixed the Cam 27, interacting with the frame 28, which is connected with the spool 29 having preposterously through inlet valves 33,34 and shut-off valves up RUB 35.36 with two reactors 37,38, with the same design, the number of which can be more than two.Each of them includes a housing 39, separated by a partition wall 40 on the bottom and the top and the top is closed by a cover 41. The lower half of the housing has an inlet 42 and outlet 43 of the nozzle. Inside it installed in several rows gas generators 44, with the same design. Each of them contains-shaped core 45, turned down very low to the reactor vessel by bolts 46 and having lateral longitudinal grooves into which is pressed the active elements 47, made of cerium or yttrium or of an alloy belonging to the cerium and yttrium family of lanthanides. On the top of the rod put the Cup 48 having a through lateral longitudinal grooves 49 and made integral with the shaft 50, on the upper end of which is fixed to the gear 51.The shaft is sealed with a seal 52 with the gland nut 53. Both control mechanism of the gas generators of the same design and placed in the upper parts of the reactor, each of which has a toothed rack 54, 55, 56, mounted in guides 57 and included in engagement with the gears of the gas generators and gears 58, 59, 60, mounted on a transverse shaft 61 mounted in the bearings 62 and connected to ry the PTO piping connected to the input cavity vane motor, the output cavity which is connected to the cyclone 67, comprising a housing 68, 69 has an input and an output 70 of the nozzle, in which there is fixed the exhaust pipe 71 having spiral ribs 72.At the end of the exhaust pipe installed peopleready grid 73. The outlet of the cyclone through a pipe is connected to the feed tank. The reactors have gauges 74 and pressure relief valves 75, cavity through which piping is connected to the inlet side of the cyclone. One of the reactors through the auxiliary valve 76 is connected with the inlet cavity vane motor. The suction valve 77 connects the inlet cavity vane motor with feed tank, through a check valve 78 is connected to the tank 79 for storing the working fluid. The internal cavity of the lower parts of the reactor tank and connecting piping filled with distilled water, which is the working body of the engine. Hydraulic engine control system includes a hydraulic cylinder 80, into which is inserted a piston 81, which divides the inner space into two cavities 82 and 83.A piston connected to the rod 84, which is pivotally connected with the levers gas generators both re reposne holes 87,88, spring-loaded 89 and connected with the foot pedal 90. Hydraulic valve control and hydraulic cylinder through pipes connected to the oil tank 91 and oil pumps 92,93 with pressure reducing valves 94,95 and driven by a motor, not shown in the drawing, powered by rechargeable batteries. Both reactors have the clips a minimum of turns, each of which contains a rod 96, a part of its upper end in a semicircular groove 97 in the cylinder, the control lever of the gas generators.The rod is inserted in the slot in the boss of the reactor, loaded by a spring 98 and the lower ends of the nut with the ring 99. The ring was attached to the cable, not shown in the drawing to be displayed on the dashboard of the car. Frequency control of motor shaft rotation includes a horizontal shaft 100 mounted in the bearing, one end of which is fixed to the gear 101, which is in mesh with the gear drive of the distribution valve and at the other end of the installed plug 102 at the ends where the weights 103, contact your tabs with the disk 104, mounted on the end of the rectangular rod 105 mounted in the guides and 109, into which is inserted one end of the spring 110, the other end of which is inserted into the Cup 111, fixed to the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder of the engine management system. All shut-off valves are identical and each includes a housing 112 in which is inserted a valve 113 with a hole 114, which is connected with a handle 115.Work car
After you prepare the car to move is the start of the engine 5, which is based on the ability of the cerium and yttrium, belonging to the family of lanthanides in contact with water to decompose it into hydrogen and oxygen under normal conditions. /About the properties of these elements, see A. I. Busev, I. P. Efimov, Dictionary of chemical terms, a manual for students, M, Education, 1971, S. 91-92 /.By turning the handles 115 open shut-off valves up RUB 35.36, through which, and through inlet valves 33 and 34 of the inner cavity of the reactor 37,38 filled with water. Turns on the drive motor of the oil pump 92,93, not shown in the drawing. While the oil from the oil tank 91 is fed into the cavity 82, 83 of the hydraulic cylinder 80. Since the pressure in both cavities equally, the piston 81 is fixed and located in the middle part. Next, you need to press on the pedal 90 upravlyatora 87 connects the cavity 83 of the cylinder 80 to the oil tank 91.As a result, the pressure in this cavity will decrease and the cavity 82 will remain the same and the piston 81 will move to the right and through the rod 84 will rotate clockwise levers 63 reactors 37, 38 and compresses a little spring 110 frequency control of motor shaft rotation. Together with levers 63 rotates the transverse shaft 61 with gears 58, 59, 60, who moved the rack 54, 55, 56 and rotated the gear 51 of the gas generator 44. With the last turn of the cups 48 and through the slots 49 to partially open the active elements 47, as shown in Fig. 9.Under the action of the spring 98 of the rod 96 clamps the minimum speed will be included in the semicircular grooves 97 (Fig. 18) and will prevent complete shut-off of the gas generator 44 reactors 37, 38, providing the minimum active contact elements 47 with water. At the contact of the active elements 47 water begins its decomposition into hydrogen and oxygen. When this oxygen chemically reacts with the active element forming the oxide. The formed hydrogen accumulates in the lower parts of the reactor 37,38 and increases in pressure, which can be monitored by pressure gauges 74. As soon as the hydrogen pressure in the reactor 37,38 reaches neobhodimosti hole 30 of the valve 29 distribution valve 31, the lower portion of each of the reactors is connected to the inlet of the cavity 19 of the vane motor.The gas mixture under pressure discharged from the reactor into the inlet cavity vane motor produces pressure on the blade 16, causing the rotating shaft 14, together with the flywheel 21, who by his ring gear causes the rotation of the driven gear 22 to drive the generator of the electric current 23, and the leading gear 24 drives the driven gear 25 and with it the vertical shaft 26 and the Cam 27, which through the frame 28 moves the valve 29 distribution valve 31 alternately in one and the other side. To obtain the necessary pressure in the reactors and the most complete of its use in a vane motor gear ratio pinion 24 and the driven gear 25 is taken as 2:1.Having performed the work on the movement of the blades 16 and the rotation shaft 14 of the gas-air mixture flows into the exhaust cavity 20 of the rotary-vane motor, and then in the cyclone 67, which passes through the helical groove and acquires a rotary motion. Under the action of centrifugal force, the water is dropped on the cyclone wall and flows down, then the pipeline is returned to supply tank 32, and the hydrogen through the exhaust pipe 71 and peopleready grid 73 is released in the atmosphere. Once was the release yashodhara tank 32 flows into the corresponding reactor and all repeats again. If the pressure in the reactor exceeds the maximum permissible value, the portion of the gas mixture is released through the pressure relief valves 75 and enters the cyclone 67.If after opening the shut-off valves 64,65 shaft 14 vane motor does not rotate due to the fact that the bypass hole 30 of the valve 29 is in the middle position and can't connect the inlet cavity 19 of the vane motor with any of the reactors must be open for a short time, and then again to close the auxiliary valve 76. The gas mixture will flow into the inlet cavity 19 blade of the motor, bypassing the distributor valve 31, and rotates the shaft 14, thus moving the spool 29 of the dead zone. As soon as the engine began to work steadily at low speed turns off the clutch 6 and turns on one of the lower gears in the gearbox 7. After that gradually turns on the clutch while simultaneously pressing on the pedal 90.The car starts to move and the motor shaft increases the frequency of rotation, due to the larger opening of the active elements 47 and more intensive decomposition of water. The highest frequency of rotation of the motor shaft at the maximum possible opening of the active elements (Fig. 8) and Mac is the relationship of the frequency of rotation of the motor shaft, you need to let go of the pedal 90. Under the action of the spring 89, the pedal will move together with the valve 88 to the right and the bypass hole 8 hydraulic valve control will connect the cavity 82 of the cylinder 80 to the oil tank 91. The oil pressure in this cavity will decrease, but in the other cavity will remain the same.The piston 81 will move to the left and moves in the same direction the rod 84, and he will turn the levers 63 and with them the transverse shaft 61 with gears 58,59,60. Rack 54,55,56 will move in the opposite direction and through the gear 51 is rotated glasses 48 in the opposite direction, reducing the surface active elements 47 in contact with water and, thereby, the quantity of generated hydrogen. This will reduce the pressure in the reactor 37,38 and will reduce the frequency of rotation of the shaft 14 of the engine. The moving rod 84 in this direction is limited by rods 96 clamps the minimum speed that will not allow the end to rotate the levers 63 and completely isolate the active elements 47 from water (Fig. 9).A sharp decrease in the feed gas mixture into the inlet cavity 19 blade of the motor will cause it rarefaction due to the fact that the flywheel 21 will not be able to reduce the frequency of rotation. In this case opens the suction valve 77 and part of the water from the within each group when opening the shut-off valve 78 from the tank 79. When the reactor the reaction of water decomposition and irreversible connection again of hydrogen with oxygen does not occur. To protect the motor from the outside of the flame at the exhaust pipe 71 is installed peopleready grid 73. In operation, the engine rotational speed of the shaft 14 is determined by the location of the piston 81 in the hydraulic cylinder 80.Depending on how advanced the right rod 84 varies the force action of the spring 110 frequency control of motor shaft rotation. During transmission of rotation from the gear 25 on the gear 101 rotates together with her shaft 100 with plug 102 and weights 103. When increasing the rotation speed of the engine for any reason increases the centrifugal force. Under the action of the increased centrifugal force of the weights 103 move to the left, away from the center of rotation, and its tabs click on the disk 104 by moving to the left the rod 105, and with it the lever 106, which, through rod 107 rotates the driven spool 66, reducing the flow area and the amount of the gas mixture supplied into the inlet cavity 19. Decreasing the rotation speed of the engine below the installed power of the action of the spring 110 and the position of the piston 81 in the hydraulic cylinder 80, reduced centrifugal WO closer to the center of rotation. The lever 106 through the rod 107 rotates the driven spool 66, increasing the flow area and the amount of the gas mixture supplied into the inlet cavity 19. The shaft speed of the engine increases to the required size. Thus, when the pedal 90 increases the performance of the reactor and increases the power and speed of the motor shaft and the speed of the vehicle. When releasing the pedal 90 performance of the reactor is reduced to the minimum value, decreases the rotational speed of the motor shaft and the speed of the vehicle.Driving a vehicle with a fluid dynamics engine is no different from driving with a conventional engine. After the arrival of the car parked his motor stops. This requires through wires, not shown in the drawing, to bring the rods 96 clamps the minimum speed of the semicircular grooves 97, compressing the spring 98 and releasing the pedal 90. Under the action of the spring 89, the valve 86 will move to the right. The cavity 82 of the cylinder 80 will be connected to the oil tank 91 and the pressure will decrease. The piston 81 moves to the left and through the rod 84 will rotate the levers 63 to the left until full Zack is by valves 35, 36, 64, 65 and switches off the drive motor of the oil pump 92, 93. In the manufacture of the engine must be provided by the device for purification of active elements from the oxide film, not shown in the drawings.Positive effect: vehicle does not require fossil fuels, do not waste time filling the car, not polluting exhaust toxic gases, if necessary, released hydrogen can be recycled. The car, containing a frame with chassis and suspension, which is equipped with cab, body, engine, through a power transmission connected to the rear axle, and the control mechanisms, wherein the motor is a vane hydraulic motor, two reactor inlet nozzles through which the shutoff valves and the intake valves are connected with feed tank connected to the tank for storing the working fluid, and output pipes of the above-mentioned reactors connected through shut-off valves and the distribution valve to the input cavity vane motor, the output cavity which is connected with a spiral cavity of the cyclone, the outlet of which is connected with a metering tank, and its inside the gas generator, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container, inside of which is placed the active elements made of cerium or yttrium, or an alloy belonging to the cerium and yttrium families of lanthanides, in addition, the gas generator through the drive mechanisms kinematically connected with the hydraulic control system of the engine, the working fluid is distilled water.
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: proposed tricycle has three-bearing chassis with steerable front support. Body 9 is provided with rear end face door 18 on which engine 7 is mounted. Door 18 has fin 19 which accommodates air intake 20 and exhaust pipe 21. Rear surface of door 18 is made tilted, forming acute angle β with vertical to provide lifting of rear part of tricycle in case of running-on from rear. Each support can be made up of several wheels arranged in tandem. Wheels of front and rear supports adjoin outer side of body for arrangement of longitudinal bench-seat 17 in body 9.
EFFECT: reduced load on front wheels, improved stability at turning and braking.
7 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering; the methods and the devices of production of the directional mechanical oscillations, of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement, of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction.
SUBSTANCE: the group of the inventions is pertaining to the field of transport mechanical engineering and may be used for production and transfer of the mechanical oscillations and for movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction. The method of production of the directional mechanical oscillations provides for running around by the rotating inertial element of the elliptical running track with contraction of this element to it. The movement of the inertial element on the elliptical running track is exercised in respect to the axis superimposed with one of the focal points of the elliptical trajectory chosen as the main focal point. The used inertial element is balanced. The method of transformation of the directional mechanical oscillations into the unidirectional discontinuous translational movement provides for interaction among themselves of two masses of the system, one of which is the inertial mass rotating about its axis and simultaneously is moving in respect to the other mass along the elliptical trajectory with its resilient contraction to the running track of the ellipse providing the system with the directional mechanical oscillations. The used system is unbalanced with the center of masses coinciding in the static condition with the center of gravity of this system and with one of the ellipse focal points. The movement of the system is exercised by the successive step relocations in the moments of the impulse action of the inertial forces along the long axis of the ellipse of the maximal value disturbing force directed from the main focus point in the movement direction. The method of the controlled movement of the transport vehicle in the preset direction provides for utilization for production of the tractive effort of the propeller generating impulses of the inertial forces. The device for production the directional mechanical oscillations contains: the body with the running track of the elliptical form, the inertial element capable of running around the elliptical running track and rotation about its axis, the driving mechanism. The propeller of the transport vehicle contains: the device for production of the directional mechanical oscillations coupled by the driving mechanism with the propeller. The device and the propeller are rigidly arranged on the common frame, which is made with a capability to be arranged on the base of the transport vehicle. The transport power plant contains the engine and the propeller connected by the driving mechanism and arranged on the common frame made with the capability of interaction with the base of the transport vehicle. The technical result of the invention is the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased value of the disturbing force operating in the direction of the movement.
29 cl, 35 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; microcars.
SUBSTANCE: each of three supports of tricycle consists of two wheels arranged in tandem. Rear wheels 12, 13 and side wheels 14, 15 are axially paired. Engine 4 with coaxially connected generator-starter 5 are arranged longitudinally in pylon 3, their bodies being parts of load-bearing structure of pylon. Body 1 is provided with rear end face 16 rigidly connected with longitudinal beam 17 arranged in guide rollers 28-30. Steering gear of front wheels 6, 7 has turnable posts 8, 9 rigidly coupled with half-forks. Place of coupling of turnable posts 8, 9 with half-forks is located between hinge joints of posts 8, 9. Windows of body are round, with twin contacting glasses provided with similar holes which can be aligned at rotation of glasses.
EFFECT: provision of uniform distribution of load among wheels to increase cross-country capacity and stability at braking.
4 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: motor-car contains body, three-wheel running gear with independent torsion-bar wheel suspensions and hydraulic shock-absorbers, engine with clutch coupling located in rear part of body, inertia propulsion device, control linkages. Inertia propulsion device contains casing in which following units are located: inertia propulsion device for forward motion, inertia propulsion device for backward motion and striker clutch. The striker clutch connects shaft of inertia propulsion device with inertia mechanism of forward or backward motion. Inertia mechanisms are similar in their design. Each one of them contains shaft on which yoke is fixed with four gears with balance weights. Balance weights are mounted on axes and engage with fixed gear attached to front or rear cover. Both inertia mechanisms are turned in horizontal plane relative to each other fro 180 degrees, and in each yoke each subsequent balance weight of gears is shifted relative to previous balance weight for 90 degrees.
EFFECT: design simplification and motor-car technical characteristics improvement.
SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).
EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: automotive industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed truck tractor comprises a frame, front and rear axles with suspensions supporting the cab, engine and clutch coupled with gearbox, transfer box coupled with front and rear axles and control mechanisms. Two centrifugal identical-design inertial thrust boosters are additionally arranged behind the cab on the frame, one for forward and one for back run. Each booster represents several hollow square- or circular-section rings arranged horizontally, coaxially and in symmetry to each other. Lengthwise axes of said rings are perpendicular to the vehicle frame. One half of every ring is expanded on both end faces so that inner cross section of expanded semi-rings some times larger than that of non expanded semi-rings. Inner space of every ring is filled with mercury or fluid with high specific weight. Rings expanded parts in forward run booster are directed towards frame rear, while those of back run booster are directed towards the frame front. Expanded part of every ring accommodates separate pump to pump over said mercury or fluid. Forward run booster pump are fitted on one vertical shaft furnished with overrunning coupling. Coupling casing accommodates spur gear in mesh with that mounted on overrunning coupling of opposite rotation. First vertical shaft supports bevel gear in mesh with that fitted on horizontal shaft coupled, via gimbal joint, with transfer box pto-shaft.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.
SUBSTANCE: proposed transport facility consists of body with lengthwise seat and moving lengthwise beam, aligned power plant with engine arranged on door. Lengthwise beam is rigidly coupled with face door. Power plant is mounted along facility lengthwise axis. Generator is arranged in body. Generator hollow shaft is provided with inner splines. Elongated engine shaft extension is arranged inside generator shaft and engaged therewith by coupling.
EFFECT: improved operating performances.
4 cl, 3 dwg