Accelerator to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to accelerator technology, and more particularly to accelerators used to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction. The accelerator contains a power supply system, a magnetic coil, a vacuum chamber, the focusing system, accelerating electrodes, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, at least one capacitor, high voltage generator, containing the device that is causing the charge transfer. The accelerator also includes a secluded Explorer, and inside the conductor is made the source of the accelerated working fluid, the vacuum chamber includes a wall made of an insulator in the form of insulating pipes, but the camera made a restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator, containing made of insulator inside at least one tube, at least one insulating wire with the ability to be inside the camera on weight, not touching the walls of the vacuum chamber at any point, except at the point of connection with the camera on its end, and the device that is causing the moving charges, contains at least one external capacitor and a battery connected in series internal capacitors done is moznosti work with the pulse repetition rate from 1 to 10 Hz. 157 C.p. f-crystals, 25 ill.

The invention relates to the field of particle accelerators to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction with inertial plasma confinement. Can be used in the energy sector to create a fusion reactor, which will serve as the basis of a fusion power working on the deuterium-tritium fuel. Also the invention can be used to create a fusion rocket engine of a space ship. Also the invention can be used as an accelerator of charged particles for research purposes and for the needs of the national economy.

Known laser to produce a controlled fusion reaction synthesis [1,2].

The laser generates a short pulse of laser radiation, which is then amplified in multiple amplifiers optical laser radiation and then focuses on the target. The driver, a device for implementing a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction with inertial confinement plasma contains several lasers made with the possibility of a spherically symmetric focusing of laser radiation on the deuterium-tritium target. Power driver with laser neodymium stiklestad repetition of 10 Hz. The laser efficiency of 0.2%, the wavelength of 1.06 microns.

Laser study focuses spherically symmetrically on the surface of the deuterium-tritium target. When the target substance is shock compression and heating.

The disadvantage of laser is the inability to amplify optical laser radiation in the optical amplifier of the laser radiation to power densities of energy flux above 1012W/cm2due to the destruction of the material of the amplifier.

The next disadvantage of the laser is the inability to focus on the target of the energy capacity of the energy flux above 1016W/cm2. The next disadvantage of the laser is the generation of hot electrons due to the interaction of electron laser radiation with the target. Hot electrons carry the energy required to compress the target.

The next disadvantage of the laser is ineffective energy absorption in the target.

To produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction known pulsed diode electron accelerator [3], containing a source of electrons, a high voltage generator and accelerating electrode system. Pulsed diode electron accelerator accelerates electrons to relate the s is inefficient interaction of electron beam with the target, when collisions of electrons with atoms is a powerful brake x-ray radiation, which is strongly heats the Central part of the target that prevents removal of the target.

The next drawback is the large mileage of relativistic electrons in the substance of the target.

The next disadvantage is the difficulty of focusing the electrons on the target because they are allowed.

Known accelerator of heavy ions to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction [4, 5]. The accelerator contains a source of ions: high-frequency linear accelerator, the linear compressor and storage ring. Using multiple ion sources, inserted into one another in pairs as in a funnel, because each ion source and accelerator input has a low ratio of the velocity of ions being accelerated to the speed of light /Beta/ and its current is limited to approximately 25 mA. These are inserted one into each device form a tree-like system of high-frequency linear accelerators with a total output current of about 500 mA. After exiting high-frequency linear accelerators ions enter one or more storage rings in which they are accumulated over a larger number of rings, the ion beam enters the linear compressor, which made induction cumulative modules. The first ion beam slightly slowed, the last slightly faster due to the shape of the voltage pulse. Is the seal beam. After that, ions freely drift in the magnetic field generated quadrupole magnets. Then the ions are focused by the focusing system /ion lenses/ from a distance of 5 to 10 m in the spot aperture a few mm

The lack of heavy-ion accelerator design is the complexity and high cost. The driver of such accelerators is from one hundred million to a billion dollars [6].

The next disadvantage is the complexity of the beam transport in the field of the storage ring that require a high vacuum with a pressure of the order of 108PA [7].

Following the lack of heavy-ion accelerator is a small current, which after the release of the ion beam from one ring does not exceed 50 A.

The next disadvantage of the accelerator is small, the pulse repetition frequency, which ranges from 1 to 10 pulses per day [8].

Known pulsed diode light ion accelerator to produce a controlled fusion reaction reaction [8]. Hasten the Noah gas switch /switch/, the system is accelerating electrodes, a high voltage generator, the condenser and the feed system accelerated body made in the form of an ion source.

The accelerator operates as follows. System power supply the high voltage generator of energy, it increases the supply voltage and supplies the high voltage on the capacitor, which is supplied with high voltage /charging/ when the drive energy is stored the necessary amount of energy a capacitor through a high-speed switch // switch is connected with the supply system of the accelerated working fluid /ion source and with a system of accelerating electrodes. The ion source pulse delivers the ions in the interelectrode gap, and electrodes accelerates the ions. The ions are guided along the magnetic lines of force of the magnetic coil, and then the focusing system focuses on the target. Pulsed diode ion accelerator has the following advantages over laser to produce a controlled fusion reaction synthesis. First, the price of energy is $ 7 for 1 Joule is several times lower than that of the laser. Secondly, the power output driver implemented 100 TWh more than the driver with lasers. Thirdly, power driver realia before heavy ion accelerator. First, pulsed diode ion accelerator, at least ten times cheaper. Secondly, it is easier to manufacture. Thirdly, the current pulse diode accelerator implemented 25 MA, which is much higher than in the heavy ion accelerator. All three were given the parameters of pulse diode accelerator ROA-P, a pulse duration of 35 NS [8]. The driver accelerator of heavy ions contains several tens pulse accelerators of ions located in the same plane symmetrically about a point of the target inside the vacuum volume with a radius up to 10 meters

The target for this device is a spherical layer of frozen deuterium-tritium mixture by weight in mg, surrounded by a heavy metal shell, which can have a complex non-spherical shape. The fusion reaction develops due to the fact that compressed and heated deuterium-tritium mixture for a sufficient reaction time inertial deducted from the scattering of the hard outer shell.

The target has three layers. External lead, an intermediate lead-lithium eutectic alloy, the inner layer of frozen deuterium-tritium mixture. Target b is barb pulse from 20 to 30 NS, and the total capacity of from 100 to 500 TWh, which allows you to heat the intermediate layer to a temperature of 100 eV. Due to the rapid heating of the intermediate layer develops enormous pressure of the order of 107MPa, compressive volume deuterium-tritium mixture in an amount of from 103up to 104and warming her up to temperatures above 2 Kev. The processes of heating and compression of the target lead to the beginning of the fusion reaction. During the fusion reaction is almost complete combustion of all the deuterium-tritium mixture.

The disadvantage of pulsed diode accelerator to produce a controlled fusion reaction is not large enough, the energy of accelerated particles, which for existing diode accelerators is limited by the voltage that develops a high voltage generator.

For high-voltage electrostatic generator this value exceeds 30 MB. For cascade capacitive high-voltage generator is reached, up to 5 MW at a power of 200 kW.

Following the disadvantage of pulsed diode accelerator is the low repetition frequency of pulses from one to ten pulses per day [8].

Following the disadvantage of diode aschiana [3].

Known accelerator with a high voltage electrostatic generator [9], which contains the power supply system, a magnetic coil, a vacuum chamber, the focusing system, the capacitor electrodes, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid and the high-voltage generator containing the device that is causing the imbalance charges. In the accelerator with a high voltage electrostatic generator device, causing the charge transfer, contains a conveyor made in the form of dielectric tape, and the system discharge points or brushes. The corona tip or brush applied to the conveyor electric charges, the conveyor continuously moves, transfers the charges and at a different point system discharge points or brushes removes the corona spikes or brushes electric charges. The point of application and removal of electric charges is electrically connected to the capacitor. Moved by conveyor charges charged capacitor. When the capacitor voltage reaches the desired value, the capacitor is the voltage applied to the electrodes, a working medium, for example ions, accelerated.

The disadvantage of the accelerator is small, the energy of the accelerated charged particles, which does not exceed poradek greater than 1 mA.

As a disadvantage for this accelerator with a pulse energy of about 1 MJ, necessary for solving the problem of controlled thermonuclear fusion, is the low repetition frequency of the pulses.

Known accelerator containing a vacuum chamber, the high-voltage generator, the accelerating electrode system, the delivery system of the accelerated working fluid, the focusing system, the discharge gap in the wall camera with on her exit window, pulled the foil, and a device for expanding a beam of accelerated particles in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the outlet slit located between the slit and the exit window [10]. As the accelerated working fluid used either electrons or ions. In this accelerator supply system of the accelerated working fluid takes the accelerated working fluid in the gap between the accelerating electrodes, the voltage from the high voltage generator is fed to the accelerating electrodes and accelerates accelerated working fluid located in the gap between the electrodes. The focusing system focuses the beam to obtain its minimum lateral dimension in the plane of the slit. The beam of accelerated working fluid in the form of a narrow tape gets into the vacuum volume in which it is lotnosti stream of accelerated particles, incident on the foil. The gap is needed to reduce the flow of secondary particles from foil, flying towards the beam. Secondary particles should not get inside the accelerating gap of the electrodes. It is crucial to ensure the electric strength of the accelerating gap of the electrodes.

The disadvantage of the accelerator is small, the energy of the accelerated charged particles, which does not exceed by an order of magnitude of a few MB.

As a disadvantage for this accelerator with a pulse energy of about 1 MJ, necessary for solving the problem of controlled thermonuclear fusion, is the low repetition frequency of the pulses.

The problem faced by the invention is to increase the energy of ions and providing opportunities to work with the pulse repetition rate from 1 to 10 Hz.

This task is solved in that the accelerator containing a power system, a magnetic coil, a vacuum chamber, the focusing system, accelerating electrodes, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, at least one capacitor, high voltage generator, containing the device that is causing charge transfer, further comprises a secluded Explorer, masowego body, while the vacuum chamber includes a wall made of an insulator in the form of an insulating tube and the camera made a restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator, implemented with the ability to hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator, forming an integral part of the accelerator, containing made of insulator inside at least one tube, at least one insulating wire with the ability to be inside the camera on weight, not touching the walls of the vacuum chamber at any point, except at the point of connection with the camera on its end, and the device causing the movement of charges contains at least one external capacitor and a battery connected in series internal capacitors made inside the vacuum chamber so that the two end plates at the inner capacitor battery combined with an external capacitor plates, between the plates, at least one capacitor is made the gap in which no dielectric, and at least one external capacitor is electrically connected to the main secluded conductor, the device causes the transfer of the charges made with the possibility to cause charge transfer between the plates wasnegative isotopes, moreover, the device is made with the ability to cause charge transfer of a particular character in the direction of one of the plates of the external capacitor and does not result in transfer to the other side of the sheath, in addition, the restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator is made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber, at least one facing the external capacitor and the primary secluded conductor so that the capacitor plate and secluded conductor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

The accelerator contains at least one capacitor, called the condenser the main condenser, electrically connected with the main secluded Explorer, and the restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator is made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber of the main condenser and main intimate guide to the condenser and secluded conductor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

At least one insulating cable are made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber of the main condenser and main intimate guide to the condenser and secluded conductor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

The power supply system includes at least one Autonomous charging device configured to emit charged particles with an electric charge of the same sign.

The accelerator contains tubes with liquid or gas, is made of an insulator, a closed circuit passing through the system is a pressure, a vacuum chamber and the cooling system, the system pressure is made with the possibility of creating pressure in the pipe with liquid or gas.

The power supply system comprises at least one turbine, made in a tube with a liquid or gas with the ability to rotate under the pressure of liquid or gas.

Pipe with a liquid or gas is connected to the inner lining of the condenser.

The substance is liquid or gas made insulator.

The power supply system has a stand-alone charger, containing the turbine, while the portion of the tube inside of which is made turbine, covered with a shield made of a conductive material, and the outside screen is made the source of electrons and the electron accelerator, while the turbines are made inside the turbine generator with the ability to produce electricity when the rotation of the turbine, leow covered by the screen.

The inner lining of the capacitor is made in the form of a conductive plate, parallel plate, an external capacitor on the side of the conductive plate facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other side of the plate emission cathodes not.

The accelerator contains at least one plate, and on one side of the floor plates are made from radioactive substances made with the possibility to emit during the breakup of charged particles of one sign, and on the other side of the plate made another radioactive substance, made with the ability to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign.

On one side of the floor plates are made from radioactive substances made with the possibility to emit during the breakup of charged particles of one sign, and on the other side plate of the radioactive substance no.

Restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator contains a restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field is arranged to hold the weight of the electric field component parts of the accelerator so that the composite chousa cable, one of which is connected to the element, and the other contains a stand-alone charger, while insulating the cables made one above the other, with the upper cable is connected to the element, and the lower cable is connected with the walls of the vacuum chamber.

Elements that are held in suspension, are the main secluded conductor, main condenser and at least one external capacitor.

The accelerator contains additional Central electrode made in the form of a cylinder or multi-faceted prisms surrounding the point of the target so that the symmetry axis of the cylinder or prism passing through the point of the target, with either a hollow cylinder or prism is made hollow.

The accelerator contains a compensator made in the form of covered insulated wires connecting the lining of the external capacitor with the area around a point of the target.

On the surface of the inner plates of the capacitor are made of the protrusions on the surface of the notches of the plates facing one facing external capacitor made of a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit in the radioactive decay of charged particles which then form the slots with the projections of one of the plates is located between the protrusions of the other plates, in addition, the protrusions are made of conductive material in the form of parallel plates perpendicular to the plates so that the distance between the ledges there was a backlash, and the protrusions of one of the plates electrically isolated from the protrusions of the other plates.

The accelerator contains a conveyor made with the possibility of installation and replacement on the inner lining of the condenser emission cathodes.

On the facing external capacitor run standalone charger with electron accelerator, thus accelerating electrodes of the accelerator is connected to the main plates of the capacitor.

Contains at least two external capacitor, the external capacitors are connected in series.

On the inner lining of the capacitor is made of an electrostatic generator with the ability to transfer the charges on the other plate connected to the turbine, made in a tube with liquid or gas.

The system is a pressure contains at least one turbine, outside of the vacuum chamber.

The system is a pressure contains at least one pump, outside of the vacuum chamber.

The system is a pressure function is avtonomna charger contains a source of electrons and an electron accelerator.

Standalone charger is performed on the capacitor plate.

The accelerator contains at least one induction accelerator made about lining the internal capacitor.

The accelerator contains at least one resonant circuit with the capacitor and inductor are made about lining the internal capacitor.

The accelerator contains at least one source of electromagnetic radiation and the waveguide, the source of electromagnetic radiation is made around the insulating tube and the waveguide is made on the inner surface of the insulating tube can enter the inside of the waveguide electromagnetic radiation.

At least one internal capacitor is made with a gap between the plates, with no gap dielectric.

Around the inner lining of the capacitor is made conductive ring.

On the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other surface of the sheath emission cathodes not.

Along the internal battery of capacitors made pipe with fluid among the regions of two types, electrically connected to the plates of a capacitor, characterized in that the material of one part by friction about him solid particles gives the electrons, and the material of the second segment when the friction on the solid particles takes electrons.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid includes accelerating the barrel, made of an insulator with the opportunity to accelerate the electromagnetic field of the cylinders and to bring them into rotation; a conveyor configured to serve to accelerate the barrel cylinder; a feeder into the barrel cylinder; a stopper configured to stop movement of the cylinder at the outlet of the barrel having an aperture on the axis of the barrel; a system reset is made with the ability to reset with the axis of the barrel cylinder after it has been stopped by the stopper, containing connected to the electric motor or turbine blades or propeller or disk with slits; a system for collecting hollow cylinder, when the limiter is electrically connected to the accelerating electrode, and at the end of the cylinder is made ledge containing either at least one edge or the blade, or the fastening system of macroscopic particles or film, and the radius of the base of the protrusion is less than the width of the PoWPA is Italy performed symmetrically about a point of the target and connected to the driver.

Insulating cable is made more secluded conductors, and more secluded conductors made with tabs on the ends in the shape of rotation, with the axis of rotation is parallel to the centerline of the insulating rope.

Insulating the cable combined with a pipe with liquid or gas.

Around the insulated cable conductor is made conductive ring.

Contains a stand-alone charger, containing the capacitor, while on the inner surface of one of the capacitor plates are made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and on the inner surface of the other casing of a radioactive substance is not, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid is configured to serve as a working medium or heavy ions, or macroscopic particles or films.

Macroscopic particle or film contains a substance with a work function of less than 3 eV.

Macroscopic particle or a film made of a refractory material and siedlecki, but wets the material of the protrusion of the cylinder.

About the axis of the accelerator is made plasma accelerator with the opportunity to accelerate the plasma along the axis.

The plasma accelerator contains at least one wire made along the axis, and electrodes made with the possibility to create crossed magnetic and electric fields perpendicular to the axis.

The power supply system has a stand-alone charger, containing the conveyor passing through the inner lining of the capacitor, the supply system on the conveyor radioactive substances made with the possibility to emit during the breakup of charged particles of one sign and a system for placing radioactive material inside lining, or on the surface of the plates.

Offline charging device includes a coating containing radioactive material is configured to emit charged particles of one sign.

Restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator contains an insulating cables, one end of which is connected with the wall of the vacuum chamber and the other end is connected with either the element or wire connected to the element, with at least one cable is done NAC is vertical.

At least one insulating tube of the vacuum chamber is made curved along the parabola, which, according to preliminary calculation, due to gravity to form a sloping insulating ropes holding elements on weight.

The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field which has a capability to support the weight of a part of the accelerator by the electric field so that they do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber, the system hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field includes at least two insulating rope, and the upper insulating cable is done over the element of the accelerator, and the bottom underneath, in this case, insulating cable, connected to the element and the pipe with liquid or gas, and the ends of the cable secured in the walls of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber, in addition, between the insulating cables are made perpendicular to the cables additional insulating cables, United with the walls of the vacuum chamber and not connected with the element of the accelerator, and in the middle of the additional insulation of the cable is made more intimate Explorer, made in the shape of the rotation, while the Sam and increases towards the ends of the figure rotation, and on a more secluded conductor run standalone charger, with the axis of rotation figure coincides with the axial line of the insulating rope.

The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains a system of marks containing at least two additional isolated conductors, call the conductors of the first and second, and at least one first additional secluded conductor, made in the shape of the rotation, the distance from the axis of rotation figure to the surface shape of the rotation is reduced in the Central part of the figure rotation and increases towards the ends of the figure rotation, and at least one end of the figure of revolution is connected with the rod connected to the element of the accelerator, however, the first isolated conductor and element is designed in the shape of the rotation of the second additional secluded conductor, mounted on insulating the cable, and the length of the first solitary Explorer more than twice the width of the second conductor and the length of the rod is more than twice the width of the second conductor, and on the surface of the second conductor facing vnutrennosti be emitted during radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, moreover, the ends of the cable secured in the walls of the insulating pipe of the vacuum chamber, and the electric capacity of the first secluded conductor exceeds the capacity of the rod more than five times.

Axis of the first and second additional secluded conductor perpendicular.

Between the rod and the spring element is made.

On the surface of the first conductor, the more remote from the element is made, the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign.

The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains at least three systems of stretch marks, made with the ability to pull the item accelerator in different directions, including along the vertical axis, with at least one system stretching performed on the element and at least one system stretching was performed under the element.

At least two marks are made on different sides from the vertical passing through the element.

The radioactive substance is made with the ability to emit electrons.

The accelerator system contains additional uvelichenie working fluid, the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid contains coaxial electrodes made along the axis of the accelerator, with the axis of the electrode coincides with the axis of the accelerator and on the axis of the electrode is made through the axial hole, and a coaxial electrodes combined in a section made along the axis of the accelerator, while section includes at least one pair of coaxial electrodes, consisting of the inner electrode and the outer electrode, the outer surrounds and electrically isolated from it, in addition the system an extra boost of energy of the working fluid contains at least one delay line, made of wires, electrically connecting the coaxial electrode and the power supply system, the length of the delay line is consistent with the time of passage of the accelerated working fluid through the axial hole of the coaxial electrode.

The power supply system electrically connected with the main secluded Explorer.

The system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains the device switches containing the electrodes of the start system an extra boost of energy accelerated rastama contains, at least one switch, made in the form of two plates with the ability to cool the liquid or gas supplied to the plates of tubes with liquid or gas, and the switch is made so that the distance between the plates was a gap, one plate made system emission cathodes, while the other plate of the emission cathodes not, however, at least one switch connected to the main secluded Explorer, and mostly secluded conductor plate made without emission cathodes and wire delay lines attached plate with emission cathodes, in addition, the device switches includes a source of electromagnetic radiation configured to direct the beam of electromagnetic radiation emission cathodes of the switch.

The source of electromagnetic radiation in the form of a laser.

Coaxial electrode contains a conductive pipe, and the pipe axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator, with the tube side of the center section connected to a flat conductive ring and the pipe axis coincides with the axis of the ring, in addition, the plane of the ring perpendicular to the axis of the accelerator.

Conductive flat ring, stredny gap.

The conductive pipe adjacent coaxial electrodes of one section made from the outer side of the flat conductive rings.

The system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least two wires of the delay line is made along one another, with one wire delay line electrically connected to the power supply system and the second wire delay line electrically connected to the ground.

The system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least two wires of the delay line is made along one another, electrically connected to the power supply system, and the wire is configured to be supplied with currents of opposite directions.

The accelerator contains more secluded Explorer, let's call it sub-zero secluded conductor made with the possibility to stay on the weight-holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, the device causes the transfer of the charges made with the ability to transfer a positive charge on the primary solitary Explorer and negative charges on the minus secluded conductor, and the negative secluded conductor through the switch of soedinenii least one, the delay line.

The power supply system electrically connected to the negative secluded Explorer.

The system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least two delay lines, with at least one delay line is electrically connected with the main secluded conductor and coaxial with the electrode and along the delay line run another delay line, connected electrically with the earth and not connected with coaxial electrode.

The system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least four delay lines, with at least one delay line is electrically connected with the main secluded conductor and coaxial with the electrode and along the delay line run another delay line, electrically connected either to ground or negative secluded conductor, not connected with coaxial electrode, and, in addition, at least one delay line electrically connected to the negative secluded Explorer and other co-axial electrode, and along the delay line run another delay line, connected electrically with either the ground or from the main solitary of premodelsites contains a restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field, designed to hold the weight of a magnetic field component parts of the accelerator so that items do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

The restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field includes at least four wires deduction made parallel to the wire delay lines, wires deduction is made symmetrically with respect to the wire delay line, and two wires deduction made under the wire delay lines and two wire retaining performed over the wire delay line, and the wire retention is configured to be supplied with current of reverse direction relative to the current wire delay line, and wire retention and wire delay lines are covered with a magnetic film containing magnets, and the film contains a ferromagnetic material, and the poles of the magnets, performed on the delay lines and poles of magnets made on a wire retention, oriented in different directions.

The poles of the magnets are oriented along the directions of the currents in the wires.

Wire retention withheld on weight insulating cables, made inside the insulating tube, and the ends of the cables zakrepleniya rings, made from an insulator.

Insulating the cables attached, at least one ring.

Insulating the cables attached, at least one insulating frame made in the form of a square frame from the prison.

At least one of the ends of the wires deduction is connected through the switch with the power supply system.

At least one of the ends of the wires deduction is connected through the switch to ground.

The wires are held in suspension by an insulating cables connected with the walls of the vacuum chamber.

Wire delay lines connected to the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator by an electric field.

Wire delay line is connected through a rectifier with an additional isolated conductors of the delay line is performed on the insulating cables.

Wire delay lines performed in a tube with liquid or gas. Electron accelerator contains emission cathode and the accelerating electrodes.

Stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first sheath, pitali electrons is performed on odd surfaces of the plates.

Stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first plates of the first external capacitor connected with the main secluded Explorer, then cover with radioactive material are made on odd surfaces of the plates.

The accelerator contains a stand-alone charger, containing the capacitor, while on the inner surface of one of the capacitor plates are made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and on the inner surface of the other of the plates made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

An internal capacitor has a stand-alone charger, performed on the capacitor plates, the inner surface of one of the capacitor plates made coating containing a radioactive substance, vypolnennogo other plates made floor, containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

Stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first plates of the first external capacitor connected with the main secluded Explorer, then cover with a radioactive material emitting radiation during radioactive decay electrons are made on odd surfaces of the plates, and cover with radioactive material emitting in the course of radioactive decay of positively charged particles, executed on even surfaces of the plates.

The turbine is connected with electrostatic generators, with at least one inner lining of the capacitor is made of at least one electrostatic generator connected to the turbine, and the turbine is performed in a tube with a liquid or gas, and the generator is designed with the ability to transfer the charges on the other plate.

Turbine connected to the shaft, electric, insulating tape, while the lining is made the system discharge points or brushes made with the possibility to be applied to the surface of the conveyor electric charge of the same sign, in addition the conveyor connects the at least two plates.

Along the internal battery of capacitors made pipe with liquid or gas, and liquid or gas in the form of suspended solids are the solids, and the pipe wall is made of alternating serial sections, consisting of regions of two types, electrically connected to the plates of a capacitor, and the material of the site of the first type is made with a positive charge by friction on the material of the solid particles, and the material section of the second type is made with the ability to charge negative charge by friction on the material of the solid particles, in this case around the capacitors made of the external electrodes with holes, electrically connected with areas of the first type, and external electrodes without holes and inner electrodes electrically connected with areas of the second type, and the internal electrodes are made within and external to the outer surfaces of the internal electrodes you the plot of the second type from the one casing, an external capacitor is connected to the external electrode without holes, and from the other plates of the inner electrode, in addition, the external electrode with holes made between the external electrode without holes and the inner electrode so that the distance between the electrodes was a gap, and the outer electrode with holes made in the form of grid with the ability to provide electrons to freely fly through the mesh, and the outer electrode without holes one of the plates is electrically isolated from the outer electrode with the holes of the other plates. Inside the tube with a liquid or gas made nested in one another conductive pipe, between the pipe made the gaps with the possibility of a free pass in the gap of a liquid or gas, and tubes are electrically connected with each other and with the condenser and is covered with an insulating coating or of the material of the first section, or of a material of the second segment.

The power supply system includes an external voltage source.

The power supply system connected to an external electrical network.

On the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing the internal capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other surface of the sheath emission cathodes not, and another who received the induction coil, moreover, the induction coil or suspended by insulating the wires with the battery internal capacitors or induction coil is made on the inner surface of the insulating pipe.

An induction coil electrically connected to a standalone charger.

Induction coil connected to an external power source.

Along the internal battery of capacitors made of oscillatory circuits, while the resonant circuit is made around the inner lining of the capacitor and includes a capacitor and an inductor, and a capacitor circuit can be either combined with internal capacitor or capacitor plates of the circuit can be made in the form of flat rings around the inside of the capacitor, and the lining of internal capacitors made in the form of parallel plates, and on the surface of the plate facing to the last plate, an external capacitor is made of the emission cathodes, and on the surface of the plates facing the first facing external capacitor, emission cathodes no and the surface is covered with a material with a work function greater than 4 eV.

The axis of the coil perpendicular about what stormy insulating cables, or performed on the inner wall of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber.

The oscillatory circuit is connected at least with one stand-alone charger.

The oscillating circuit is made on the inner wall of the insulating tube and electrically connected with an external power source.

The external power source includes a source of alternating electric current.

An external power source is connected to the oscillating circuit wires wires consist of short segments, interconnected by means of capacitors and inductors made with the possibility to change the current in the windings due to mutual induction, and between the plates of capacitors and coils with mutual induction performed gap, in which there is a vacuum.

Around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation, and on the inner surface of the insulating tube is made of the waveguide and the outlet of the source of electromagnetic radiation.

The waveguide contains conductive ring, and the rings are electrically isolated from each other, and the axis of the ring coincides with the axis of the insulating tube, and the distance the wok parameters of the waveguide consistent with the parameters of the source of electromagnetic radiation so so along the waveguide this radiation could spread.

Around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation, and on the inner surface of the insulating tube is made of the waveguide with the possibility of entering the inside of the waveguide radiation and propagation of radiation along the waveguide, while on the walls of the waveguide between the plates, an external capacitor is made of field modulator of electromagnetic radiation, containing the external capacitor, and between the external plates of the capacitor are made of the internal battery of capacitors, the plates are made in the form of parallel plates, on the surface of the wafer facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the surface facing the other plate, the emission cathodes no, the distance between the plates is much less than the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation, and the plates are connected to each other by an insulating gaskets.

The output emitter of electromagnetic radiation made the polarizer.

Offline charging device has an inductive energy storage device, placed in the cryostat, the switching system energy, amicucci, containing at least one pair of identical superconducting windings, made one along the other and fed by currents of opposite directions, and the coil contains at least one partition containing either more than two pairs of coils of the windings, or more than two pairs of windings, made one along the other and fed by currents of opposite directions.

Standalone charger is made on the inner lining of the condenser.

The magnetic coil is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, with at least one pipe is filled with liquid helium or in pairs.

The magnetic coil is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, with at least one pipe is filled with liquid nitrogen or in pairs.

Lining the internal capacitor in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target.

Lining the internal capacitor in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target, while on the surface lining of the internal capacitor, converted to one plate of an external capacitor, vypolnenija, nested one inside the other, with the axis of rotation figures passes through the point of the target, and on the surface lining of the internal capacitor, converted to one plate of an external capacitor, run standalone charger.

The inner lining of the capacitor is connected, at least three insulating cables and configured to hold the insulating cables on weight without contact with other plates, thus insulating the cables, in turn, are held in the weight holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, and the lining is made standalone charger.

Contains additional system accelerating electrodes made between the main private guide and point of the target, and an additional device for causing charge transfer, with an additional device for causing charge transfer, contains an internal capacitor, the plates of which are made either in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target, either in the form of figures of revolution with a common axis of rotation, made one within the other, the axis of which passes through the point where electroni in the direction from the main solitary of the conductor to the point of the target, and the most remote point of the target facing additional device electrically connected with the main private guide, additional electrodes coincide with the inner plates of the capacitors are optional devices that causes the charge transfer, and the plates on the axis of the accelerator is a through hole.

Electron accelerator contains emission electrodes and accelerating electrodes.

With feed speed of a working body connected to the Autonomous power supply system containing a standalone charger, inside and accelerating trunk made the thread, with the two tabs of the thread is made conductive in the form of electrodes, and the electrodes are electrically connected with the Autonomous power supply system, and the electrodes are connected with wires going to the Autonomous power supply system, on the output side of the accelerating trunk.

Inside the main solitary of the conductor made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid, the system performed with the opportunity to apply for further acceleration as the accelerated working fluid or heavy ions, or macroscopic particles or film weighing several mi the Torah with the opportunity to accelerate the electromagnetic field of the cylinders and to bring them into rotation, when this axis is accelerating shaft coincides with the axis of the accelerator, and the conveyor is configured to serve to accelerate the barrel cylinders, in addition, next to the conveyor executed feeder in the barrel cylinder, in addition to the device connected to the Autonomous power supply system containing a standalone charger, inside and accelerating trunk made the thread, with the two tabs of the thread is made of conductive material in the form of electrodes, and the electrodes are electrically connected with the Autonomous power supply system, and the electrodes are connected with wires going to the Autonomous power supply system, on the output side of the accelerating trunk, additionally, with the supply system in the barrel cylinder, and with the Autonomous power supply system connected to system start-up accelerator, in addition to the Autonomous power supply system is configured to control current flowing through the electrodes, and a voltage between the electrodes, and the power supply system includes voltmeter and ammeter, at the end of the cylinder in the form of a figure of revolution made the protrusion, and the protrusion of the cylinder is made truncated cone whose axis coincides with the axis of the cylinder, in addition, on the flat end of the cone near its top is made of GCI performed magnet, and on a side surface of the cylinder around the cylinder made from an insulator insulating the floor, while above the insulating coating around the lateral surface of a cylinder made of metal conductive coating, in addition, at the end of a truncated cone near the apex of the cone is made for placing and fastening of the substance of the accelerated working fluid, made either in the form of the mounting system of macroscopic particles or film, or in the form of a system of needles or blades, made of a material ions which is expected to accelerate, with the fastening system of macroscopic particles or film contains a plot of the magnet, performed on the surface of the protrusion on the end of a truncated cone about its vertices and the surface area of the protrusion is made of a conductive refractory material on the end of a truncated cone ledge near the top of the cone, with the material section of the protrusion satisfies the condition that in the molten state of the material surface area of the protrusion wets the material of the inner part of the ledge, including the material of the magnet, i.e. the regional angle when the contact is less than 90 degrees, and does not moisten the substance, which is made from a macroscopic particle or film, that is, regional sa near the top of the cone so that to the axis of the cone passing through the center of macroscopic particles or film, in addition, on the inner surface of the conductive shell of the main solitary of the conductor is made limiter, consisting of a plot of the conductive shell of the main solitary of the conductor through the slot on the axis of the barrel made with the possibility to stop the movement of the cylinder after the departure of the cylinder from the barrel, the width of the slot is less than the cylinder diameter, but larger than the diameter of the protrusion, and the distance from the base of the ledge to the top of the protrusion is greater than the thickness of the shell of the main solitary of the conductor in the area of the qualifier, in addition supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains a system reset, made around the trunk with the ability to reset with the axis of the barrel cylinder after the stop cylinder stop, containing connected to the electric motor or turbine blades, and the blade is made in the form of a plate with a protrusion, and the plate is parallel to the axis of the accelerator, and the protrusion perpendicular to the plate or disk with slits, or the propeller, while the limiter is electrically connected to the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor, and the slot of the stopper is made with cosmogonia collection system cylinders, made with the possibility of collecting fallen cylinders dropped down system reset.

Macroscopic particle or film contains a ferromagnetic material.

On the inner lining of the capacitor is performed offline charging device, electron source and the electron accelerator.

The cooling system contains a tube with a liquid or gas, and the tube is made so that the portion of the tube is outside the vacuum chamber, and the portion inside the vacuum chamber.

The cooling system includes upper and lower feed system refrigerant, the upper and lower receiver system refrigerant while the upper feed system of the refrigerant is performed on the upper inner surface of the insulating pipe, and the upper system for receiving refrigerant is made underneath the system coolant supply on the upper surface of the element accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, in addition, the upper system for receiving refrigerant is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, is made from the top element of the accelerator to the bottom of the item accelerator with cooling element of the accelerator, and on the lower part of the element is made lower the smart camera is made lower system for receiving refrigerant, connected with the outer part of the cooling system, outside of the vacuum chamber, the system for the submission and examination of the refrigerant is made in the form of sealed chambers with sealed hatches inlet and outlet, and pressure valves on the pipes with a liquid or gas, in addition, the system coolant supply is made with the possibility to fill an airtight container with refrigerant, hermetically sealing the hermetic container and drop down, and the system receiving the refrigerant is made with the ability to extract refrigerant from an air-tight container and send an airtight container or up, or sideways, moreover, the refrigerant is performed in the operating temperature range to fill the tube with liquid or gas, and the supply system and receive refrigerant contain capture system which has a capability to capture flying in them air-tight container. At least one system coolant supply is made with the ability to throw an airtight container. At least one system for receiving refrigerant is made with the ability to throw an airtight container. At least one system coolant supply contains a catapult. At least one system for receiving refrigerant contains catasto charge-tight tank electric charge. At least one system for receiving refrigerant contains a charger configured to charge a sealed container of an electric charge. At least one gripping system performed on the element of the accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. At least one gripping system are made under the accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. At least one gripping system is made at the side of the element accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. The sealed container is made either in the form of a tank with a sealed hatch, either in the form of a container with an airtight hatch. A sealed chamber is connected to a vacuum pump.

Sealed chamber contains a vacuum pump.

The rod is made curved.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains a source of electrons.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains plasma source.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains the ion source.

On the inner lining of the capacitor is performed offline charging weed conductive plate and is not connected to another capacitor plate, and connected to the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, and the accelerator of electrons is performed on the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the particular lining external capacitor, and on the other surface of the sheath of the internal capacitor of the electron accelerator is not.

The rod is made curved in the direction of the line passing through the center of mass of the first secluded conductor and through the center of mass of the second additional solitary Explorer.

The axis of the first additional secluded conductor perpendicular to the line passing through the center of mass of the conductor and through the element of the accelerator connected to the system stretch.

With the first additional insulating a conductor connected to two rods connected one to each end, with an electric capacity of each rod is less than the capacitance of the first conductor is more than ten times.

The distance from the element accelerator connected to the system marks before the first solitary Explorer more than five times the width of the element of the accelerator.

The accelerator contains microtron.

This design decision allows the UIC is hamper to tens megaamper when the pulse duration of the order of tens of nanoseconds, following with the pulse repetition rate from 1 to 10 pulses per second. Such currents can be obtained for each accelerator driver. Energy driver in a single pulse can be applied at the level of 10 MJ and more that will give thermonuclear win 100 times or more. The power developed by the driver in a single pulse, can be implemented at the level of 100 TW and more. Implemented in a single pulse energy levels and capacities will allow to achieve compression of the deuterium-tritium target in the number of times 103up to 104and in the long term and the number of times 105up to 106that will allow you to implement thermonuclear reactions not only in the deuterium-tritium target, but the target containing pure deuterium and Boro-hydrogen mixture in addition to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction.

The accelerator provides an extra boost of energy to expedite the working of the body length of 20 kilometers, capable of accelerating charged particles to energies of the order of a few TeV. This gives the opportunity to arrange with his help, the synthesis of transuranium elements Islands of stability.

These outcomes contribute the following. All elementcode walls of the vacuum chamber. The elements of the accelerator hang inside the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber for insulating cables, and these cables are held on the weight of the electric field of the restraint systems on the weight elements of the accelerator field. The field of this system is created offline battery chargers made for insulating the cables connected with the walls of the vacuum chamber. High voltage is generated by a device, causes the movement of charges. While the charges are moved from one casing, an external capacitor across the battery performed sequentially internal capacitors to the other plates of the external capacitor. The device, causing the charge transfer that moves the charges through the internal capacitors or mechanical or electric field, or by using charged particles emitted during radioactive decay of radioactive substances. During the charge transfer field between the plates of the internal capacitors and along the insulation of the cables is less than the value of the electric field strength, which is an electrical breakdown of the insulator included in capacitors and insulated cables. The value of the electric field between the elements of the accelerator under vysokoklasnyh parts of the accelerator is an intensive autoelectronic emission. Therefore, to actually accomplish charge transfer along the entire length of the internal battery of capacitors so that between the extreme two plates at the inner capacitors, coinciding with the masonry external capacitor, formed the potential difference of the order of 10000 MB. Approximate length of battery internal capacitors of the order of several kilometers. Due to such lengths to actually obtain the average value of the longitudinal electric field along the entire power is less than 10 MV/m, which is considerably less field breakdown of many insulators. The current strength of accelerated heavy ions from ka to tens megaamper really get it, accelerating the ions due to the accumulated electric charge on the plate of the main capacitor and mostly secluded Explorer. Supply system of the accelerated working fluid allows, in addition to heavy ions, accelerate and also macroscopic particles weighing a few milligrams and film weighing a few milligrams up to speeds of the order of several hundred kilometers per second, which will increase the efficiency of the transfer of the kinetic energy of the accelerated working fluid in the energy of compression and heating of the target. Because the compression and heating of the target in this case there is no ablation process, it is first body, for example, heavy ions, is due to the fact that between the electrodes, one of which is executed on the primary solitary Explorer, and the other on the wall of the vacuum chamber, creates a significant potential difference. The accelerated working fluid flows into the through hole of the magnetic coils distributed along the magnetic field lines and is focused by the focusing system on the target. The acceleration process occurs simultaneously in several accelerators driver and accelerated working fluid from multiple accelerators focused on the target of symmetrically and simultaneously. Accelerator plasma, performed around the axis of the accelerator, ionizes additional plasma notcause in the main part of the vacuum chamber of the accelerator from the area near the point of the target and accelerates the plasma in the direction of the point of the target. This helps to make the vacuum in the main vacuum chamber is thinner. The plasma accelerator is turned off in the momentum acceleration of the accelerated working fluid and is enabled after completion of the accelerated working fluid through the plasma accelerator. To cool the working elements of the accelerator is achieved through pipes with liquid or gas. Energy for charge transfer devices, the main device receives the energy to maintain the weight elements of the accelerator device holding elements of the accelerator field. This liquid or gas in pipes with a liquid or gas that is not used for cooling, turns a turbine that contains the generators that produce during the rotation of energy and provide some offline battery chargers energy. These stand-alone battery chargers emit and accelerate electrons, which can either transfer the charge between the plates of the internal capacitor or charge more secluded conductors to hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator electric field. The other part of the offline charging device is charged by the emission of charged particles during radioactive decay. Charged particles or transfer charges between the plates of the internal capacitor or charge additional isolated conductors. The accumulation of electric charge in the main capacitor is implemented as a standalone charger.

The system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid enables many times to increase the kinetic energy of the accelerated working fluid due to the fact that the delay line serves accelerating voltage on one pair of electrode sections at the time when the inside of the CE is served compensating voltage, creates between the second pair of electrode sections of the electric field, oppositely directed accelerating field and the same module. In the resulting dipole electric field of the two pairs of electrodes of the section outside of the section is zero and does not inhibit the accelerated working fluid. Such filing first accelerating voltage, and then the compensating voltage is sequentially along the chain sections, starting from the entrance of the accelerator and ending at the exit of the accelerator. Supply voltage on delay lines happening at the same time before the acceleration of the working fluid system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid, and the length of the delay lines agreed to charges of wire delay lines came into sections in the estimated time of passing through a particular section of the working fluid.

In another embodiment, the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid to achieve such results contributes to the fact that the coaxial electrodes sequentially from the entrance of the accelerator output is accelerating potential through the delay line so that the potential received by the coaxial electrode in an estimated time immediately after Orie accelerate the working fluid while moving towards the exit of the accelerator. When this chain charges itself moves behind accelerated working fluid.

In addition to using the accelerator to implement ion fusion accelerator can be used for other tasks accelerator technology. For example, the accelerator provides an extra boost of energy to expedite the working of the body length of 20 kilometers capable of accelerating charged particles to energies on the order of a few TeV. This gives the opportunity to arrange with his help, the synthesis of transuranium elements Islands of stability.

Not found technical solutions reaching task similar technical means.

In Fig. 1 shows a basic view of the accelerator Bogdanov to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction. In Fig. 2 shows the section a-A. In Fig. 3 shows cross-section B-b In Fig. 4 shows the section b-C. In Fig. 5 shows the extension element I. In Fig. 6 shows the extension element II. In Fig. 7 shows a schematic diagram of the feed system of the accelerated working fluid. In Fig. 8 depicts a cross-section G-G In Fig. 9 shows a section D-D In Fig. 10 shows a section E-E. Fig. 11 shows a section G-g In Fig. 12 shows the széchenyi is the determinant of electrons. In Fig. 15 shows a schematic diagram of the plasma accelerator. In Fig. 16 depicts a partial section view, And-I. In Fig. 17 depicts a partial section view K-K. In Fig. 18 shows a schematic diagram of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid. In Fig. 19 depicts a cross section L-L of Fig. 20 depicts a cross-section M-M In Fig. 21 depicts a cross-section N-N. In Fig. 22 depicts a cross-section O-O. In Fig. 23 depicts a system stretching. In Fig. 24 shows a restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field. In Fig. 25 depicts a cross-section of P-P.

Accelerator Bogdanov to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction, hereinafter simply accelerator, includes a vacuum chamber 1 containing insulating pipes 2, 3, 4. The vacuum chamber under the ground. Insulating pipes in the tunnels. The camera made a restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator 5, made with the ability to hold the weight part of the accelerator. The device has performed inside the insulating tube insulating the cables 6, 7. Inside the insulating tube is made of pipes 8, 9 with a liquid or gas. In shown in Fig. 1 embodiment, the accelerator tube with a liquid or gas is connected with the liquid or gas made of insulators. Under the insulator means the dielectric with high resistivity at the operating temperature range and with a high value of electric field breakdown. Inside the insulating tube made of a high-voltage generator Bogdanov 10, hereinafter simply high-voltage generator, containing made inside the insulating tube device, causing the charge transfer 11. The device comprises a series-connected external capacitors 12, 13. Inside the external capacitor made battery connected in series internal capacitors 14, 15, 16. Two extreme lining at inner capacitors of the battery align with the external plates of the capacitor. The device is made with the ability to cause charge transfer between the external plates of the capacitor through the internal capacitors or mechanical or electric field, or by the emission of radioactive isotopes. The power supply system 17 has a stand-alone charger configured to charge the electric charge, emitting charged particles with an electric charge of the same sign. Standalone charger 18, 19 are made on the inner plates of the capacitor. It is possible to manufacture pisyayshie transfer charges, and which version of the standalone charger is used. The best option from the point of view of the author, is a variant in which the charge transfer is carried out by radiation of radioactive isotopes, and a standalone charger emits charged particles due to the radioactive decay of radioactive substances. However, further in the text after the description of this option is given and the alternatives for the design of the accelerator without the use of radioactive nuclides. Lining internal capacitors made in the form of parallel plates, with two adjacent internal capacitor having a single plate.

Standalone charger has projections 20, 21, 22, 23, made on the inner plates of the capacitor in the form of parallel stripes perpendicular to the plate. The protrusions form the grooves so that the parallel lines of one of the plates, for example, 20, 21 are located between the parallel strips of the other plates, for example, 22, 23. The tabs are made so that between the projections of the different plates are available gaps. Enumerate external capacitors, the plates of the external capacitor, the plates of the internal capacitor and the surface of the inner plates of the capacitors. Let's call the Nestorov, the first plate of the first external capacitor, or simply the first plate. This lining combined with a facing internal capacitor. Enumerate, since the inner surface of the sheath, all surfaces of the plates all the other connected with this inner capacitor internal capacitors. Scroll to the even surface of the plates and odd. Even the surface of the plates and connected with them protrusions made of refractory material with a work function greater than 4 eV, for example molybdenum. On odd surfaces of the plates of the radioactive substances that emit in the course of radioactive decay electrons, the coating 24. The coating is made on the ledges. On even surfaces of the plates radioactive substances no. The thickness of the strip, which is connected with an even coating, exceeds the mean free path of the electrons emitted during the decay of radioactive substances in the substance of the plates. The thickness of the coating of a radioactive substance slightly less than the length of the path, for example the thickness may vary from one percent to 99 percent of the length of the run. As the radioactive material can be used, for example, an isotope of strontium 89 and strontium isotope 90. The recommended coating thickness in the first tratnik meters. The thickness of the ledge, made in the form of plates, from 6 mm to 2 cm, plate height of about 1 m, the distance between the plates can vary from 1 cm to 50 cm Plates internal capacitors made in isolation rack 25 made of an insulator. Inside the insulating rack is made of vertical cooling channels 26, 27 attached to the pipe with liquid or gas. Inside the inner plates of the capacitor is made smaller horizontal cooling channels 28, 29, 30 extending from the vertical cooling channels. Lining the internal capacitors are made detachable. The moving parts of the plates are forced against the stationary parts of the plates clamps 31,32, 33. On the moving parts of the plates 34, 35 are made ledges covered with a coating containing a radioactive substance. On the stationary parts of the plates 36, 37 are made tabs without radioactive substances. The cooling channels are made only in the stationary parts of the plates.

On the first facing external capacitor 38 is made electron accelerator 39. With the electron accelerator is electrically connected to the Central wire 40. Inside the electron accelerator Central wire has electrical contact with slow switches 41, 42. Slow the local switches 43, 44 made, for example, in the form of gas discharge switches. With each slow switch connected to only one high-speed switch. The switches can be performed, for example, parallel rows. Several rows are executed in parallel. A series of slow switches performed on a series of high-speed switches. Between switches made cooling channels. With high-speed switches electrically connected to the accelerating electrode 45. With the first plate, an external capacitor is electrically connected to the accelerating electrode 46 made in the form of grid with the possibility of migration of electrons through the grid. The electrode 45 is made of emission cathodes 47, 48. Switches are connected to system start-up accelerator of electrons 49. The electron accelerator is connected with the first plate clamps 50, 51.

Each inner lining of the capacitor, but the first and last plates, electrically connected to one external and one internal electrode. With the first plate is connected only to the internal electrode, and the plate is connected only to the external electrode. The external electrodes 52, 53 and the internal electrodes 54, 55 are made around an insulating rack 25. For each of the plates of prisuedinete, moreover, the external electrode is made by first lining the external capacitor and the internal electrode is made from the opposite side of the last plates of the external capacitor. The internal electrode connected to a plate of the internal capacitor is located inside the external electrode connected to the adjacent lining, more remote from the first sheath. The external electrode of one of the sheath surrounds the inner electrode adjacent plates. The surface of the external electrode is made from a material with a work function greater than 4 eV, for example molybdenum. The internal electrodes are made inside the external electrodes so that between them there was free space. Internal and external electrodes is movable, detachable, consisting of movable and fixed parts. In the fixed part made cooling channels. On the movable part of the inner electrode, the surface facing the external electrode made of the emission cathodes 56, 57. The moving parts of the internal and external electrodes is configured to be removed from the insulating stand. The first lining, an external capacitor is electrically connected by a conductive connection 58 with the main capacitor 59 and the main pensator and secluded main conductor suspended in a conducting connection inside two parallel vertical insulating pipes. On the inner surface of the insulating tube around the main condenser and around the main solitary of the conductor is made conductive coating 61.

If the accelerator is part of the driver to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction together with other similar accelerators 62, 63, all accelerators driver may be electrically interconnected conductive connection 58. In this case, the conductive connection can be made in the form of a hollow inside the frame. When electrically connected to the main isolated conductors accelerators and main capacitors accelerators.

The device that is causing the charge transfer contains multiple connected in series external capacitors. Let's number them starting from the capacitor to the first plate. With major secluded conductor electrically connected to only the first facing one of the first external capacitor. The electron accelerator is executed only in the first external capacitor. However in all other respects, the structure of the internal capacitors of all external capacitors is the same.

External capacitors, secluded main conductor, and the main capacitor elements of the accelerator, the electric field 64, made with the ability to hold the weight part of the accelerator by the electric field so that they do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber. The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field 64 contains two parts. We will first describe the upper part. Master retreat conductor and the main condenser hanging on the top of a long insulating the cable retention device 65 connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, and combined with it. Such cables can be made a few. For example, one rope over the first coating, one rope over the main capacitor, one rope above the main secluded Explorer, one rope on each external capacitor. The cable is connected with the wall of the vacuum chamber only their ends. Lower short insulating cables 68,69 performed under the top long insulating cable restraint system 65. The bottom ropes perpendicular to the top rope and fixed ends in the walls of the vacuum chamber. The long length of rope approximately equal to several kilometers. The restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator field contains is made of a long insulated wire connected to a call on hold to weight the elements of the accelerator, the top complete rings. When the radius of rotation figure on the edges than in the center. In other words, the shape of the rotation are in the form of dumbbells. The axis of rotation figure coincides with the axial line of the insulating rope. The short length of the cable is much less than the length of the long rope and ranges from 2 m to 20 m On short ropes made lower for more secluded conductors 70, 71, also having the shape of a figure of revolution with the tabs on the edges, and shaped like a dumbbell. The axis of rotation figure coincides with the axial line the bottom of a short rope and perpendicular to the centerline of the upper figure of revolution. The bottom secluded conductor is made on the middle of the short cable. On the bottom secluded conductor run standalone charger 72 containing radioactive coating 73 with a radioactive substance, and the substance is configured to emit during radioactive decay of the charged particles of the same sign of electric charge. For example, electrons. For example, coating a standalone charger may contain strontium strontium 89 or 90. The coating is performed on the surface of the charging device, from which there is no other more secluded Explorer. In this Cocoteros there is another more secluded conductor, performed insulating cover 74 made of an insulator, for example, of silicone resin.

The use of strontium gives as a further useful effect is the fact that the compounds of strontium, including strontium oxide, are good absorbents and readily absorb a variety of substances from a vacuum. That is, improve the vacuum.

We recommend the following technology of the restraint system and deposition of radioactive coatings. First dig shafts and tunnels, strengthened their walls. Then wall mounted insulating cables attached to them more isolated conductors. Together with cables mounted combined with them hollow cables (thick hoses), which are then connected with a source of liquid or gas. After fixing in walls insulated cables and hollow cables, sources of liquid or gas served in the hollow ropes liquid or gas. Hollow cables become a pipe with liquid or gas. Once the tunnels go all the people (workers, builders and managers of installation). Tunnels with a short insulating cables are connected by tunnels of smaller diameter, which is perpendicular to and passes through the lower considered Autocar with robots or manipulators with remote control, who POPs on the bottom surface of the additional isolated conductors short insulating pipes radioactive dye or radioactive adhesive containing a radioactive substance. Glue or paint is made conductive. When the glue or the paint has hardened and dried, forms a radioactive coating. After that, the cars, electric cars and trucks with robots or manipulators with remote control away from the tunnels.

The second part of the restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field is made from the bottom of the external capacitors. The second part is the same as the first with the difference that in this case, the long insulating cables restraint system is made lower than short. Short cables also perpendicular to the long cables and more secluded conductors are made the same way as in the previous case, with the difference that the coating containing the radioactive substance is made on the upper side surface of the charger.

Inside the main solitary of the conductor made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid 75. The system is designed with the ability to apply for further acceleration as scoremore system can be performed additionally with the ability to submit to accelerate as the accelerated working fluid electrons and light ions. The system can include a source of electrons, the ion source, the plasma accelerator. The author considers it legitimate to use in this case, the term "accelerated working fluid", as this term is taken from space technology and stands for "what speed", "what is accelerating". The term combines all the above options "that is accelerating", while the term "charged particle" would be inappropriate, for example, in the case of acceleration of macroscopic film weighing a few milligrams. In the author's opinion, the best system to produce a controlled fusion reaction is the following variation of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. Inside the system performed conveyor 76, which is connected with the throttle shaft 77 made of an insulator with the opportunity to accelerate the electromagnetic field of the cylinders 78, 79 and bring them into rotation. The axis of the accelerating shaft coincides with the axis of the accelerator. The conveyor is configured to serve to accelerate the barrel cylinders. Near the conveyor is made feeder into the barrel of the cylinder 80. With the device connected to the Autonomous power supply system 82 that contains the offline charger 81. Inside accelerating barrel made thread 85. When the second power supply system. When the electrodes are connected with wires going to the Autonomous power supply system, on the output side of the accelerating trunk. With the supply system in the barrel cylinder, and with the Autonomous power supply system connected to system start-up accelerator and driver 90. Autonomous power supply system is configured to control current flowing through the electrodes, and a voltage between the electrodes. For example, the power supply system includes voltmeter and ammeter. Inside accelerating barrel made two electrodes start 91, 92 of the electron accelerator and the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid 93. The electrodes of the start have pointed protrusions inside the barrel, made with the possibility of scratching the cylinder as a guide thread. At the end of the barrel near the exit is made in the form of a flat ring electrode 94. At the end of the cylinder in the form of a figure of revolution made the ledge 88. On the ledge of the cylinder is made truncated cone whose axis coincides with the axis of the cylinder. On the flat end of the cone near its top is made from an insulator ring 95. Ring axis coincides with the axis of the cylinder. Inside of the lip and inside of a truncated cone made magnet 97. Possible that the entire cylinder is made of magnet. On the lateral surface of the cylinder around the cylinder is lly and alloys, used in the manufacture of the side surfaces of the shells of bullets and shells rifled firearms. For example, you could use brass. It is desirable that it was diamagnetic. The conductive coating is performed on the insulating coating 87, made of heat-resistant soft insulator. For example, the silicone varnish of heat. The insulating coating is made on the lateral surface of the cylinder around the cylinder.

Instead of the term "cylinder" we could use the terms "bullet" or "shell", but because, as will be evident from further description, the cylinder is retarded by the system itself and do not fly, these terms are not legitimate. Instead of a cylinder, you could use the term "sleeve".

On the ledge, and specifically at the end of a truncated cone near its top, made for placing and fastening of the substance of the accelerated working fluid 89, made either in the form of the mounting system of macroscopic particles or film 98, or instead may be performed in the system of needles or blades, made of a material, the ions of which is scheduled to accelerate. For example, needles or blades, made from a material with atomic number greater than 12. If this is the current of the magnet, performed on the surface of the protrusion on the end of a truncated cone about its vertices and the surface area of the protrusion 99 made of a conductive refractory material on the end of a truncated cone near its top. The material in this section of the protrusion must satisfy the following condition. In the molten state of the material surface area of the protrusion wets the material from which made the inner part of the ledge, for example, the material of the magnet, i.e. the regional angle when the contact is less than 90 degrees and does not moisten the substance, which is made from a macroscopic particle or film, that is, the regional angle when the contact is more than 90 degrees. Macroscopic particle or film 96 is installed on the axis of the cone, at the end of the cone near its top. Macroscopic particle or film contains a ferromagnetic material. Macroscopic particle or film contains a material with a work function of less than 3 eV. On the inner surface of the main solitary of the conductor is made limiter 100 made with the possibility to stop the movement of the cylinder after the departure of the cylinder from the barrel and having an aperture on the axis of the barrel. When the hole diameter is smaller than the diameter of the cylinder, but larger than the diameter of the ledge. Limit the accelerated working fluid contains a system reset 101, made around the trunk with the ability to reset with the axis of the barrel cylinder after it has been stopped by the stopper, containing connected to the motor 102 or the turbine 103 with blades, with the blade 104 is made in the form of a plate 106 with the tab 105 and the plate parallel to the axis of the accelerator, and the protrusion perpendicular to the plate or disk with slits, or propeller. When the limiter is electrically connected to the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor. Inside the limiter made the slot 107 with the opportunity to provide movement along the ledge of the cylinder at an angle down. The limiter is made about the surface of the main solitary of the conductor so that at the time of stop of the cylinder, the projection of the cylinder would act on the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor. For example, the height of the protrusion is greater than the wall thickness of the limiter twice. Under the system reset is executed, the system of collecting cylinders 108, is configured to collect fallen cylinders, for example, in the form of an empty mailbox.

The power supply system of the electron accelerator 109 is executed inside the main condenser. The system contains a stand-alone charger 110, connected through the switch 111 and Smarjeske connected to an external lining the main condenser. The inner and outer plates of the main capacitor is connected to the voltmeter 114. The ammeter and the voltmeter connected to the computer 115. With the inner plate of the capacitor through the switch 116 is electrically connected to the Central wire 40. The switches 111 and 116 is connected to the computer. The computer is connected to the starting system of the electron accelerator. Between the plates of a capacitor filled with insulating fluid 117. With a capacitor connected pipes with liquid or gas 118, 119. Between the plates of a capacitor made of a dielectric strip 120, 121.

Around the main solitary of the conductor made of the accelerating electrodes 122, 123. When this electrode 122 is made on the surface of the main solitary of the conductor and the other electrode 123 is made on the inner surface of the insulating tube surrounding the core secluded Explorer. In this electrode, and in this pipe is made a hole, and the hole axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator. Around the point of the target internal additional Central electrode 124 having the form or shape of a hollow cylinder or a hollow polyhedral prism. Thus the axis of the cylinder or prism passes through the point of the target and perpendicular to the axis of the acce is their made in the center of the face. At the base of the prism is a regular polygon, around which it is possible to describe a circle. The Central electrode is made symmetrical about the vertical axis passing through the point of the target.

Around the Central electrode is made of an external additional Central electrode 125. If the accelerator is included in the driver, and around the point of the target is symmetrical in relation to the other accelerators driver 62, 63, for all accelerators electrodes 124 and 125 are common (other accelerators are also connected to these electrodes).

Between the electrodes 124 and 125 completed the clearance. On the axis of the accelerator in these electrodes with holes. We enumerate all plates all external capacitors made all connected in series external capacitors, starting from the first plates of the first external capacitor, which is electrically connected to the primary solitary Explorer. In the device calling the charge transfer scroll to the lining of the external capacitor having the highest sequence number, counting from the first plates of the first external capacitor. Let's call this the lining last plate 193 chain external capacitors. With and connected to the electrodes 123, 124, 125 wires 127, 128 and 129. Wire covered with insulation. The voltage Converter is electrically connected to the compensator 130, made in the form of covered insulated wires connected to the exposed conductive plate, and the wire connects the last plate with the area around a point of the target, and the plate is made on the border of the area near the point of the target.

Around the axis of the accelerator between the electrode 123 and 125 is made of an insulator insulating the pipe 131, and the pipe axis parallel to the axis of the accelerator. Insulating pipe 131 is part of the vacuum chamber.

Around the axis of the accelerator is made magnetic coil 132. The coil may be made, for example, in the form of a long solenoid. About the axis of the accelerator, between the magnetic coil and the point of the target made of the focusing system 133. The axle passes through. The point of the target is made on the axis of the accelerator. If the accelerator together with other accelerators connected to the driver for the realization of controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction, the axis of the accelerator intersect at the point of the target. This point lies on the axis of symmetry of the driver. About the axis of the accelerator between the magnetic coil and focusii electric and magnetic fields, perpendicular to the axis. The axis passes through it. Accelerator plasma contains a system of electrodes configured to create an electric field perpendicular to the axis of the accelerator. In our case, the system of electrodes in the form of flat capacitor 135. The electrodes are designed in the form of plates 136 and 137 of this flat capacitor. Between the plates made the gap through which passes the axis of the accelerator. Axis parallel to the plates. Accelerator plasma contains two wires 138, 139, made so that approximately electrode wires parallel to the axis of the accelerator and are at the same distance from the axis, this axis runs between the wires and the electrodes are located between the wires. Wire is made in the form of a coated insulated conductive strips with the ability to rated currents of opposite directions, and a flat surface of the tape near the electrodes parallel to the surface of the electrodes. Insulating pipe 131 passes through the plasma accelerator so that its electrodes 136, 137 and wires 138, 139 are outside of the pipe.

The accelerator may contain additional increase of energy of the accelerated working fluid 93. It can be done in two ways. When the accelerator is s author, the best option would be a combination of two variants of the system. In this case, the system contains two sites additional increases the energy of the working fluid, performed sequentially along the axis of the accelerator, connected to the device switches 140.

The device switches 140 containing the electrodes start 91,92 electron accelerator and additional

increasing the energy of the accelerated working fluid 93, United, system start-up accelerator and supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains hyperspeed switches Bogdanov 145, 146, made in the form of two plates with the ability to cool the liquid or gas supplied to the plates of tubes with liquid or gas, and the switch is made so that the distance between the plates was a gap, one plate made system emission cathodes, while the other plate of the emission cathodes not. Let's call this plate receiver of the flow of electrons. When the switch 145 is connected with the positive secluded conductor 194, connected to the main secluded Explorer, and on the plus secluded conductor plate made without emission cathodes and wire lines zamecnik electromagnetic radiation, for example, a powerful laser 141, made with the ability to send one beam of electromagnetic radiation, such as optical laser radiation, the switch 145, and the other beam of optical laser radiation on the switch 146. The device incorporating contains performed on the optical axis of the laser radiation translucent mirror 142 and opaque mirrors 143 and 144.

The first version of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid 93 is made on the first section closest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. In the first embodiment along the axis of the accelerator is made coaxial electrodes 156,157, 158, 159. The axis of the electrode coincides with the axis of the accelerator. Coaxial electrodes combined in sections 154, 155, performed along the axis of the accelerator. In the first embodiment, the section includes two pairs of coaxial electrodes, consisting of two internal electrodes 156, 157 and two external electrodes 158, 159, while the outer surround the inner and electrically isolated from them.

Coaxial electrode contains a conductive pipe 162, and the pipe axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator, with the tube side of the center section connected to a flat conductive ring 160, and the axis of the tube coincides with the spend of a flat ring 160, 161 adjacent electrodes of the same sections are next to each other so that between them was the interelectrode gap. Conductive pipes 162, 163 neighboring electrodes of one section made from the outer side of the flat conductive rings.

We consider now the acceleration of positively charged particles, the components of the accelerated working fluid. The location of the various elements of the accelerator is given for the case of acceleration of positively charged particles accelerated working fluid, because the acceleration of negatively charged particles must be made certain changes in the design.

Delay lines connect the coaxial electrodes with the power supply system containing a standalone charger connected to the main and sub-zero secluded conductors, for example, through the device, causing the charge transfer. Also, the delay line can connect the coaxial electrode with the earth. Closest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid of the inner coaxial electrode 156 and more distant from her outer coaxial electrode 159 is electrically connected with the main capacitor of the delay lines 150, 151 through the switch 145. The switch is connected to the supply system at the Oia weight elements of the accelerator with the ability to hold the weight of the device. The best way to wire it the form of a flat belt and the inside shape of the hollow wire of circular cross section. Plus secluded conductor suspended within an insulating tube, covered inside with a conductive coating 61, covering several different pipes. Basic and plus secluded conductors and surrounding the conductive coating 61 together form a capacitor, let's call it the positive capacitor. When this basic and plus secluded conductors form the internal lining plus a capacitor, and the conductive coating forms the outer lining plus a capacitor. If the outer surface of the main condenser is made conductive and electrically connected by a conductive connection with the main secluded Explorer, then this surface is also included in the internal composition of the positive plates of the capacitor. With the last plate 193 chain external capacitors electrically connected to the additional capacitor, let's call it sub-zero capacitor 147. One facing the negative capacitor is made in the form of a solitary Explorer, let's call it sub-zero secluded conductor 148. Another plate made in the form of a conductive coating the inner surface of the insulating Trubarjeva on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. In this device minus secluded conductor is connected to the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator electric field. The switch 146 connects the negative capacitor 147 and negative secluded conductor 148 with delay lines 152, 153. At the same time switch on the minus secluded conductor plate made with an emission cathodes 192, the delay line at the switch electrically connected to the receiver of the flow of electrons 149 made in the form of a flat plate having a disk shape. Delay line 152, 153 are electrically connected with the nearest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid outer coaxial electrode 158 and more distant from her inner coaxial electrode 157 for each partition.

Call delay line connected to an inner coaxial electrodes of each section, the delay lines of the first kind, and a delay line connected to an outer coaxial electrodes of each section, the delay lines of the second kind.

Along the delay lines of the first and the second kind is made of the delay line of the third kind, 188, 189, 190, 191. Thus the delay line of the third kind includes the wire along the wire delay lines of the first or second kind. In the General case, R is the axis of the accelerator corresponding wire delay lines of the first or second kind, along which the wire delay lines of the third kind. Wire delay lines of the third kind does not concern the coaxial electrodes, wire delay lines of the first and second kind and is electrically isolated from them. Wire delay lines of the third kind is electrically connected through the switch with the capacitor (primary or negative) that is not connected to the wire delay lines of the first or second kind, which goes along the wire delay lines of the third kind. For example, if the delay line of the first kind is connected with the main capacitor, running along the delay line of the third kind is connected to the negative capacitor, and if the delay line of the second kind is connected to the negative capacitor, running along the delay line of the third kind is connected with the main capacitor. And so on. Along the wires of the delay line is made of a pipe with liquid or gas, combined with them. Inside the coaxial electrodes (inside the conductive tube and the inside of the conductive flat rings) made cooling channels connected to the pipe with liquid or gas.

The length of the wires of the delay lines from the switches to the contact points with coaxial electrodes agreed. Ameruoso and second order fit to the coaxial electrodes with different parties, so between the wires of the delay lines near the electrode to a certain point it would be the same length and the length of the individual wires along the delay line to the switch would be the same. Wire delay lines of the third kind, 188, 189, 190, 191 go along the wire delay lines a considerable distance. Adjacent to the coaxial electrode made two rings 164, 165 of the wire delay lines of the first or second race, one inside the other (inner ring 164). Along the outer ring 165 is made ring 166 of the wire delay lines of the third kind. On the outer ring has a point of contact 167 with wire 168, going to the switch. At equal distance between this point and made two contacts 169,170 with wires 171, 172, going to the inner ring 164. The inner ring is electrically connected with a coaxial electrode through the end face electrode 173, the most remote from the center of the section.

Section of coaxial electrodes is made along the axis of the accelerator up to an additional Central electrodes 124 and 125. Between the sections can be made extra focus system 175, 176, surrounding the axis of the accelerator. Delay lines run along all sections until the last of them, the most remote from sescoi energy 174, made with the possibility to use electric energy supplied to the delay line, after the completion of acceleration of the accelerated working fluid. This system is interconnected with wires running from the delay lines, slow switches, such as mechanical switches. The use of electrical energy electrically connected to ground and is connected to the voltage Converter.

The second version of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid is performed on the second plot, more remote from the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. In the second option section does not consist of two pairs of coaxial electrodes, and only one pair, consisting of inner and outer electrode. The electrodes are made within one another. The electrodes are suitable delay lines of the first and second kind, made of wires. Delay lines of the first type connecting the internal electrode with the main capacitor. Delay lines of the second kind connect the external electrode with the negative capacitor. If the accelerator accelerates positively charged particles, for each section of the delay line of the first kind is shorter than the delay lines of the second kind. Randall specific sections. In the second embodiment, on the second site along the delay lines of the first and second kind are also made of the delay line of the third kind. They made along the delay lines of the first and second kind as in the case of performance for delay lines of the first section.

Wire delay lines are held in suspension restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field 177, executed with the ability to hold the weight part of the accelerator magnetic field. The system includes a wire retention 178, 179, 180, 181, performed in parallel, the wire delay lines. Wire deduction is made symmetrically with respect to the wire delay line 183, with two wires 184, 185 carried out under the wire delay lines and two wires 186, 187 completed over the wire delay line, and wire retention is configured to be supplied with current of reverse direction relative to the current wire delay line, and the wire retention and wire delay lines are covered with a magnetic film 182, containing magnets, and pole magnets made on the delay lines and poles of magnets made on a wire retention oriented in different directions. The poles of the magnets are oriented along healthy lifestyles is insulating pipes, at the ends of ropes fastened in the walls of the vacuum chamber. Wire retention are connected to each other by four by the insulating rings made from an insulator. Insulating the cables attached to the ring 207. Instead of the ring can be made of insulating frame structure in the form of a square frame. One of the ends of the wires deduction is connected through a switch with the main or sub-zero capacitor and the other end connected with the use of electrical energy.

Delay lines of the first, second and third kind may not be connected directly with the use of electrical energy. Thus with this system electrically connected to the switches through the delay lines of the first kind, and in switches of this delay line can be connected and delay lines of the first and second kind.

Wire delay lines of the first and second kind can be performed inside the wire delay lines of the third kind the same way, as done by the Central wire of the coaxial cable inside the sheath of the coaxial cable. When this wire delay lines of the third kind made of large diameter hollow inside and inside it made the wire delay lines of Pervov the matter of cables and wires restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field, United with the wires of the delay lines of the first and second kind, designed so that cables and wires do not touch the wire delay lines of the third kind. At the same time the wire delay lines of the first or of the second kind and the wire delay lines of the third kind are held for weight insulating cables restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. Moreover, possible that the wires are held at a weight of just isolating cables directly connected with the walls of the vacuum chamber, without restraint systems field, also wire delay lines can be connected to the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator electric field, for that wire delay lines can be connected to more secluded conductors of the delay line is made, in principle, as well as more secluded conductors restraint system. They elektrosokirani from wires. Can contain either a standalone charger or rectifier, such as diode made with the ability to conduct an electric current only in one direction, electrically connected with wire.

Wire delay lines can be performed inside the tubes with liquid or gas.

The accelerator operates as follows. The vacuum chamber 1 under the ground in insulating the pipes 2, 3, 4 creates a vacuum. Restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator 5 by the insulating cables 6,7 hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator so that they do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber. Pipes with liquid or gas 8, 9 are cooled by the working elements of the accelerator. The high-voltage generator Bogdanov 10 generates a high voltage between the elements of the accelerator and the earth. The device that is causing the charge transfer 11, transfers the electric charges between the plates of the external capacitors 12, 13 through the battery connected in series internal capacitors 14, 15, 16, made inside the external capacitor and connected in series between the external condensatore carry charges with the protrusions 20, 21 one of the plates of the internal capacitor of the projections 22, 23 of the other plates of the internal capacitor. Floor 24, performed on an inner plates of the capacitors, counting from the first external capacitor plates, contains a radioactive substance. Radioactive substance coating 24 in the course of decay emits electrons. The electrons cross the gap free between the tabs and get in on the tabs even plates of the internal capacitors. Electrons have considerable energy. For strontium 89 the electron energy is equal 1,463 MeV, for strontium 90 electron energy 0,546 MeV. Departing electrons transferred together with them on even the lining of the excess negative charge, and the plate from which the electrons were emitted at an odd lining remains excess positive charge. In between the odd and even lining creates an electric field that prevents the electrons to cross the gap. The electrons will be able to cross the gap up until the voltage between the plates reaches a value at which the kinetic energy of the electron will be spent on work against the electric field of the gap. Thus, it is possible to create a voltage between the plates of vnutrennie 89. We examined individual internal capacitor. Consider a chain connected in series internal capacitors connected to the first plate, an external capacitor. Insulating hour 25 mechanically connects the plates of the internal capacitors and electrically insulates them from each other. Consider an arbitrary lining. The nearest odd the surface of the adjacent plates are emitted electrons. The surface is positively charged. The whole plate is charged positively. This is the first lining. With the second plates with odd surface is emitted electrons, but still fly and electrons from the first sheath. Between the first and second plates over time, there is an electric field, preventing the departure of electrons from the first plates, and so on. Between all the plates, an electric field E, which prevents the further flight of the electrons. Suppose provisionally that it is constant and equals E0. The gap width between inner plates of the capacitor is constant and equal to h. Then the voltage between the end plates of the external capacitors between which it is made, in total, N internal capacitors is equal to the product of EhN. the typical arbitrary value of 10 MV/m Let's call this value of the field strength E1. For example, getinsa high voltage, for silicone lacquer for glass-ceramic and electroparty the breakdown field strength exceeds 20 MV/m Limit value of the field E0determined by the field in which begins the intensive autoelectronic emission from the surfaces of the projections. For a material with a work function of 4 eV intensive field emission clearly does not start when the field E2with tensions 2000 MV/m Call field E3the field strength is equal to the ratio of the voltage between adjacent plates for the period to which the plates are installed in the battery connected in series internal capacitors. We can take the distance between the plates of about 2 m Voltage between 1 MB and the distance between the projections of the different plates of the order of 1 see In this case, the E3will the 0.5 MV/m, and the E0is 100 MV/m Is much less than the limiting values of the fields E1and E3. Means of electrical breakdown and intensive field emission at such parameters of the electric fields will apparently not. Clarify again that E3this field inside matter insulator insulating the rack 25, which connects directly Obdach, when this gap is a vacuum. The length of the entire chain of internal and external capacitors, the developing voltage 10 000 MB is determined for the number of internal capacitors N, 5000, which when voltage between adjacent plates 2 MB give in the amount of this value. The length of the Nh chain of capacitors is 5 km.

Vertical cooling channels 26, 27 are cooled insulating rack and distribute liquid or gas between the horizontal cooling channels 28, 29, 30 evenly along the entire height of the insulating stand. Horizontal cooling channels to cool the lining of the internal capacitor and an insulating stand. The clamps 31, 32, 33 press the moving parts of the plates 34, 35 to the stationary parts of the plates 36, 37. The moving parts of the plates contain floor 24 with a radioactive substance. After the radioactive substance decays significantly, the intensity of the radiation of electrons begins to decline, the moving parts of the plates are extracted and replaced by a new part with a fresh coating of a radioactive substance which has not yet managed to significantly transformed during radioactive decay. Replacement is carried out by the carrier, which in the figures is not specified. Projections made on obcl, who eat the most, to increase the electron current carrying charges.

The potential of the first external capacitor plates 38 is governed by the electron accelerator 39. Inside the electron accelerator Central wire 40 supplies a negative potential to one of the slow switches 41, 42. Slow switch (mechanical switch) is turned on and connects the Central wire with one of the high-speed switches 43, 44. High-speed switch (for example, a discharge switch) is turned on and connects the Central wire with the accelerating electrode 45. The electrode 45 is supplied with a negative potential. The electrode 46 from the first casing, an external capacitor receives a positive potential. Between the accelerating electrodes a potential difference appears. From the surface emission cathodes 47, 48 thermal and field emission of electrons. Electrons are emitted into the interelectrode gap, are in the scope of the accelerating electric field and are accelerated to the second plates of the internal capacitor. Starting system accelerator of electrons 49 controls the operation of the slow switch. Slow switch after one pulse of accelerated electrons will interrupt the electrical circuit is ora, wire and accelerating electrodes of liquid or gas. After the pulse accelerating voltage is switched on another slow switch (mechanical switch). Slow switches includes all turn to the time between pulses of high-speed switches have time to cool down. In high-speed gas-discharge switches can be made pumping system of the gas mixture with the possibility of pumping the gas mixture through the discharge gap. This contributes to the possibility of reducing the time between pulses activate the switch. To put consistently slow and high-speed switches, it is necessary that during the time between applying pulses of accelerating voltage on the high-speed switch he had time to cool down and after turning on the slow switch remains in the off state until receipt of a command to " turn on ". If this is not done, then switches with discharge period will be permanently enabled because the discharge gap is constantly very hot and will have a high conductivity. High-speed switches pass the charges on the accelerating electrodes. With emission cathode emitted electrons are emitted by the electrodes. Electrons fly on shit electrons using conveyor and replace it with a new one then when will evaporate during emission cathodes 47, 48, as the materials from which they are made emission cathodes tend to evaporate in the course of work. Therefore, the cathodes have a limited service life. The external electrodes 52, 53 accumulate on its external surface charges of static electricity, which reduces the transverse electric field on an insulating stand. Check that the field is perpendicular to the axis of the insulating tube, inside of which is a battery internal capacitor between the plates of the external capacitor. The distance from the outer electrode to the wall of the vacuum chamber of about 10 m At this distance, the electric field at the outer electrode being at a potential of 10 000 MB, 1000 MV/m In this electric field, the current density field emission from the surface of the material with a work function greater than 4 eV is negligible. It is from these materials made the outer surfaces of the outer electrodes and the inner surface of the insulating pipe of the vacuum chamber.

The internal electrodes 54, 55 and the external electrodes create a gap between a transverse electric field that accelerates the electrons emitted in chemical, to the surface of the cathodes could be autoelectronic emission during those calculated field values that may occur during operation. The field is created between the inner electrode of one of the plates and the external electrode of the other plates in the following cases.

First, during a pulse of electrons emitted by the electron accelerator.

Secondly, if the coating containing the radioactive substance on one plate will begin to emit fewer electrons during radioactive decay, than the other plate. This is a very real situation, because it can vary the percentage of radioactive and stable isotopes in coatings made at different facings.

Emission cathodes emit electrons into the gap between the inner and outer electrodes and also in the case when any coating will not emit electrons at all, for example if all the isotopes in the coating will be stable. In other words, the emission cathodes restore disturbed in any way the flow of electrons through the plates, that is, function as a safety net.

Several plates of the inner electrode closest to pervouchine coating plates, increased with increasing number plates to a specific number. This can be achieved by increasing the total area of the radioactive coating plates with increasing sequence number plates, for example, by reducing the clearance between the projections and increase, due to this, the number of protrusions. Because the current of electrons with different plates will increase, there will be a gradient distribution of electrical charge between the plates and this will have an electric field which draws electrons from the first plates to the side plates with a specific number. This field will further accelerate the electrons emitted from the electron accelerator. After ejection of electrons by the electron accelerator with the first casing to the second plate, the second plate will have a negative charge, which will lead to the emission of electrons from the emission cathodes, made on the inner electrodes of the second casing to the external electrodes following the next outermost plates of the capacitor. And so on until the plates on which field pulls the electrons from the first plates will start to diminish.

A conducting connection, transmits the electric charges, perithecia during operation of the device, calling charge transfer.

Electron accelerator may be missing. Instead it can be done the same standalone charger as the other plates of the internal capacitors.

The conductive coating 61 is maintained at ground potential. Its purpose is to around the main solitary of the conductor on the inner surface of the insulating pipe was the same potential equal to the ground potential. If the accelerator is part of the driver together with other accelerators 62, 63, at the same time with our accelerator device transfer charges other accelerators to create the main isolated conductors other accelerators high potential, and the conductive connection equalizes the potentials on all major isolated conductors all accelerators.

Restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator 5 can support the weight of a part of the accelerator with the help of various systems, including restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field 64, retaining the weight part of the accelerator, the electric field so that they do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber. The restraint system by the electric field from lechyutsya. Describe the principle of the upper part of the system. This part is made on the elements of the accelerator, held on weight.

Long insulated cable restraint 65 connects the elements of the accelerator with the walls of the vacuum chamber, holds the elements of the accelerator by weight and electrically isolates the elements of the accelerator from the walls of the vacuum chamber. Implemented on top of a long insulating the top rope more secluded conductors 66, 67 in the course of work charged positive static electric charge. This is due to the fact that the device causes the transfer of charges, charges secluded main conductor positive electric charge and the charge begins to spread along the long isolation of the cable. Short lower insulating cables 68, 69 hold the weight of the bottom secluded conductors 70, 71 attached thereto and electrically isolate them from the walls of the vacuum chamber. Attached to the lower short insulating rope bottom secluded conductor 70 electrically charging a standalone battery charger 72. Standalone charger 72 emits from the surface 73 of the electrons emitted during the radio the civil charge. Electrons are emitted in the side walls of the vacuum chamber in the opposite direction on the top of a long insulating rope. In this case, down. Performed on the top surface of the insulator insulating surface 74 is electrically isolates the bottom for more intimate guide from the top of a solitary Explorer. At the time of Assembly of the accelerator and for some time after Assembly of the accelerator some parts of the upper long insulated cable, next to the main secluded Explorer, made in the middle of the rope, lie directly on the bottom for more isolated conductors that hang on the lower short insulating cables. The upper and lower additional secluded conductors after the start of operation of the accelerator charged with positive charge and begin to repel each other. At the time when the repulsive force of all the top more secluded conductors from the bottom will exceed the weight of the elements of the accelerator, connected with the upper long insulating rope, these elements due to the forces of electrical repulsion will rise up and will hang over the lower insulating cables. The upper insulating cable with the se so to the axis of one was between the projections on the other. Let's call the top of the first conductor and the lower conductor of the second. A preliminary charge on the first and second conductors can be applied using a conductive clamp, connected to a high-voltage wire from the high voltage source. The clamp is controlled by a pointing device remotely. After the filing of the charge on the conductors through the wire and the clip from the source, the manipulator removes the clip to the side. The charges remain on the conductors. Conductors begin to build. Spring is deflected. The flow of charge through the clip from the source is necessary in the case where the conductors are pre-pressed to each other and the arrival rate charges from the item and from the radioactive coating is equal to the rate of leakage of charge through the insulating cables.

The force of electrical repulsion may well be large enough to hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator, United with the upper insulating rope. For example, two point charge 10-3CL and grade 10 at a distance of 10 m repel each other with force 900 000 N. a Charge of 10-3CL can create on the surface of a conducting sphere with a radius of 5 m is emitted during radioactive decay from the surface electrons with energy the poison with the main secluded conductor and is connected to it the upper long insulating rope operation of the device causes the charge transfer.

Form more secluded conductors selected with the tabs on the edges so that the protrusions created an electrical field having the minimum intensity in the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation figure and passing through its center. This allows you to keep one for more intimate conductor above the other at the point with the minimum potential energy of their interaction. At this point, any small deviation of the top of a solitary Explorer is unstable and more secluded Explorer will return from the point of small deviations in the state of minimum potential energy.

Long and short insulating cables restraint systems and more secluded conductors connected with them, are made not only on the elements of the accelerator, but under them. They work exactly the same as the upper part of the restraint system elements of the accelerator electric field with the difference that the repulsive force acting between the more secluded conductors, pulls the elements of the accelerator down and stretches together with the upper parts of the system in different directions. Significantly here that the force of repulsion acting between the upper additional secluded about what talkive the top and bottom should be sufficient also to keep the weight more elements of the accelerator.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid 75 operates as follows. The conveyor 76 serves to accelerate the shaft 77 cylinders 78, 79. The feeder into the barrel cylinder 80 supplies in the trunk of the cylinders. Offline charging device 81 generates a voltage in the stand-alone power supply system 82, which supplies power to the conveyor 76, the feeder into the barrel of the cylinder 80 and accelerating electrodes 83, 84, performed on the two horns of the threads 85 accelerating trunk. The cylinder is in the trunk. Carving makes the slots in the conductive coating 86 of the lateral surface of the cylinder. The slots are deep enough to reach the insulating coating 87, but not enough to penetrate the insulating coating thoroughly. The cylinder touches the electrodes. The electrodes on the output side of the accelerating trunk voltage between and through the cylinder on the lateral surface, by performing the coating 86 current begins to flow. Insulating cover 87 not allow current to flow inside the cylinder. The current flowing through the electrodes, produces a magnetic field that the current along the cylinder, the current causes the power amp. Ampere acts on the cylinder and it accelerates while driving Dollinger accelerated inside the barrel, as the plasma is accelerated jumper in the rail accelerator plasma), this thread made inside the barrel, causes the cylinder to rotate. During acceleration of the cylinder is heated. At the same time heated and the protrusion 88. Together with the tab is heated and executed on a ledge for placing and fastening of the substance of the accelerated working fluid 89, made either in the form of a system of needles or blades, or in the form of the mounting system of macroscopic particles or films.

Starting system accelerator and driver 90 controls the operation of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. The system start-up control current between the electrodes and the voltage between the electrodes and ensures that all accelerator driver these values would be the same. When the cylinder comes from accelerating the trunk, and his hand to the floor 86 of the side surface, is made of soft metal, scratching the electrodes start 91, 92 of the electron accelerator and the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid 93, the cylinder at the moment of passage between the electrodes electrically connects them. Accelerating electrodes 83, 84, made on the threads, are at a higher positive potential, elektricheski charge. The electrode 94 is also at a higher positive potential with respect to the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor. So between this electrode 94 and the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor creates an electric field, which further accelerates positively charged cylinder. The cylinder during the translational motion rotates around the axis. The ring 95 is not possible charged macroscopic particle or film 96 is displaced away from the axis of the accelerator during rotation of the cylinder. The axis of the accelerator coincides with the axis of the barrel and with the axis of the accelerating cylinder at the time of acceleration. Magnet 97 is increasing its magnetic field on the ledge of the cylinder, and especially at the end of a truncated cone due to thickening of magnetic field lines. The fastening system of macroscopic particles or film 98 is drawn toward the area of conductive coating 99 macroscopic particle or film 96 and presses him due to the fact that the macroscopic particle or film contains ferromagnetic material, and, due to this, acting magnetic force of attraction. Macroscopic particle or film rests on the ledge by the forces of magnetic attraction. After exiting the barrel relatives outside the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor and on the particle or film applies a strong electric field, carrying on its surface an additional positive electric charge from the external surface of the main solitary of the conductor through the stopper, made of conductive material. Due to forces of inertia particle or film is separated from the ledge and continues to move forward. The separation process that is promoted by the fact that due to the heating during the movement of the cylinder inside the accelerating barrel temperature of macroscopic particles or film passes through the Curie point, the material particles or film ceases to be ferromagnetic and the strength of the magnetic attraction disappears. However, because up to the moment of collision on the stopper cylinder is moving rapidly, the macroscopic particle or film is pressed against the cylinder by an additional force and the resulting acceleration. At the moment of separation of macroscopic particles or film with her is separated on its surface a positive charge. On the ledge immediately flows about the same charge from the surface of the base of a solitary Explorer, compensating the departure of charge along with accused the working fluid.

In another embodiment of needles or blades is connected with the emission of heavy ions after the collision cylinder SNO to say, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid operates as an ion source.

The requirement that the fastening system of macroscopic particles or film had a coating made of a substance in the molten state does not moisten the substance of macroscopic particles or film is essential because otherwise the macroscopic particle or film can simply stick to the surface and will not separate after the collision cylinder with stopper.

The variant when the limiter is made in the form of a conveyor having a conductive tape with holes formed outside the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor. The number of holes is determined by the cooling rate of the ribbon, hot during operation. The tape moves so that each accelerated cylinder corresponded least one pre-chilled plot hole, and after the collision and heating of a section of tape with a hole, the heated area would change on the chilled.

System reset 101 resets with the axis of the accelerator cylinder after accelerated working fluid leaves the surface of the end face of the truncated cone on the ledge. For this power it on time so, to the time of passage of the cylinder by a system reset, the blade 104 does not intersect the axis of the accelerator. Between the time of the collision cylinder with stop and time of collision of the blade 104 from the cylinder passes some time. This time is taken into account in determining the rotation speed of the turbine, the moment of the start cylinder at accelerating the barrel and the beginning of feed per barrel of accelerating voltage. Let's call this time the pulse time. This is the period of time that ledge holds in a state where a large part of it protrudes above the outer surface of the main solitary of the conductor. It was at this time on the ledge at the end of the truncated cone is served a significant potential difference. This time, pulse time, the end face of the truncated cone is in the region of strong electric field. After a time pulse has elapsed since the collision cylinder with stop, the blade 104 faces the cylinder. After the expiration time of the pulse of the protrusion 105 of the blade 104 strikes the lateral surface near the front end of the cylinder, and, after a short period of time, the flat surface plate 107 of the blade 104 strikes the side surface of the cylinder is iLink turns around and flies down the front part forward. The collision of the blade mechanically pushes the cylinder axis and sends it down. In the limiter made the slot 107 so that after the collision with the blade protrusion of the cylinder is moved within the slot at an angle down towards the collection system of the cylinder 108 to the collection system of the cylinder 108. The shape of the protrusion on the blade are made so as to guide the cylinder after the collision down. In the collection system cylinders are stored until completion of the operating cycle of the conveyor. Instead of turbines with blades cylinders can be discharged from the axis and a rotating propeller and rotating disk with holes.

The power supply system of the electron accelerator 109 sends a pulse of negative voltage on the center conductor 40, and through him to the electron accelerator 39 for a few milliseconds before release delivery system of the accelerated working fluid or macroscopic particles or film, or heavy ions. For example, at the time of filing of the cylinder in accelerating the trunk. Before that the standalone charger 110 is connected by a switch 111 through the current meter 112 with the inner plate of the main capacitor 113 and charges its electric charge. The current meter measures peretekanii about the masonry of the main condenser. When the voltage and the charge reaches the desired value, the computer 115 opens the switch 109. The computer closes the electrical circuit including the switch 116, and it connects the inner capacitor plate 113 with the Central wire, and hence with the electron accelerator. The switches 109 and 114 made slow, for example mechanical. The electrodes start 91, 92 of the electron accelerator and the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid 93 is electrically connected passing them cylinder, which they scratch and complete the electrical circuit, which through them and through the cylinder to the emission cathodes served accelerating potential difference, current flows and includes high-speed switch 43 of the electron accelerator. The switch turns on and connects the Central wire 40 with the accelerating electrode 45. On emission cathodes served accelerating potential difference, there is an intensive field and thermal emission of electrons and accelerate electrons. Accelerated electrons are directed to the nearest inner lining of the capacitor. The acceleration of electrons occurs synchronously and simultaneously with the ejection of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid or macros plates of the main capacitor and increases its capacity in time, where is the permittivity of the insulating liquid. Through a pipe with liquid or gas 118, 119 is the cooling system power electron accelerator. In this variant, in which the insulating liquid is circulated through these pipes and between plates of the capacitor. The liquid flows freely through the gaps between the dielectric spacers 120, 121, which electrically isolate the plates from each other and, simultaneously, mechanically separate them and keep close to each other.

To increase the pulse repetition rate of acceleration of the working fluid, the accelerator may contain several main capacitors and a few made within systems of power electron accelerators. Such power supply system can be connected to the electron accelerator, either simultaneously or in turn. To increase the current in a single pulse can be performed several connected together major isolated conductors.

After taking off from the surface of the cylinder macroscopic particle or film of electrically charged and an electric field of the gap between the electrodes 122 and 123 accelerates it. Because macroscopic particle or film is heated and is made from a material with rabasa electric field of the gap until while the electric field of the particles or films are equal modulo field gap. The process of electron emission increases the positive charge of macroscopic particles or films, and the acceleration with which it is accelerated by the electric field of the gap increases. If the supply system of the accelerated working fluid instead of macroscopic particles or film gives the clearance ions, the ions are accelerated in the gap, similarly to that described for macroscopic particles or films. An accelerator for accelerating ions and macroscopic particles or films, mostly the same.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid may be directed into the gap between the electrodes 122 and 123 ions from the known structures of ion sources and plasma of known constructions plasma sources. The plasma source can be combined accelerator plasma of known construction. In this case, the electric field in the gap will accelerate ions towards the target. If the gap is injected plasma, it will pull ions from the plasma and then to accelerate individual ions have no electrons in the direction of the target. In these cases, the accelerator works as an accelerator jonatica very largely secluded conductor, supply system of the accelerated working fluid may be filed in the gap negatively charged macroscopic particles or film, negative ions and electrons. The first two cases do not basically differ from the considered options. In the latter case, when the delivery system is accelerated working fluid contains a source of electrons, such as a system of needles or blades, the accelerator can operate as electron accelerator.

The main capacitor increases the capacity of the primary solitary Explorer and allows you to increase the charge, carry out the accelerated working fluid. Electron accelerator 39 transfers the pulse charge equal to the charge, carry out the accelerated working fluid. This allows the main secluded quasi-permanent conductor to be at the same potential. This allows the system to hold the weight of elements of the accelerator electric field to keep their top more secluded conductors under constant potential. This prevents vertical movement of the elements of the accelerator, which can occur when the changes of the potentials of the upper additional isolated conductors. In this case, VerticalResponse long and short insulating cables. Such vertical movement could lead to the disturbance of the alignment of the axis of the accelerating tube with the point of the target. Therefore, they should be reduced to zero by aligning the operation of the electron accelerator 39 with the operation of the supply system accelerates the working fluid.

To reduce the vertical displacement of the primary solitary Explorer, you can perform two spatially separated restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. While one device is connected with the main secluded conductor, a conductive connection, and with the first plate of the first external capacitor and holds them in suspension, and the second device are connected with all the device, causing the moving charges, in addition to the first casing, and connected with it by the electron accelerator, and keeps on weight. In this case, the first lining is spatially separated from the second sheath and not connected with it by an insulating stand. For example, they can hang on different insulating cables.

In this embodiment, after the simultaneous release of the accelerated working fluid and electrons have exactly the same magnitude of electric charge, but opposite in sign to the charge of the primary solitary Explorer, the actual is in the driver together with other accelerators 62, 63, due to the fact that the basic secluded conductors of different accelerators are electrically connected by a conductive connection is provided by the equality of the potentials of the main solitary of the conductors of all accelerators. The result is simultaneously achieved equality of the energies of the accelerated working fluid in all accelerator driver.

In the gap between the electrodes 122, 123 accelerated working fluid is accelerated. After passing the gap of the accelerated working fluid at the exit of the gap enters the opening in the electrode 123. On the inside an additional Central electrode 124 is served insignificant negative potential, for example, up to 1 MB. The external Central electrode 125 is at ground potential.

The internal Central electrode 124 screens excess positive charge, portable accelerated working fluid in the region near the point of the target. If this is not done, the excess positive charge, portable, for example, in this area of heavy ions, can reduce energy ions flying in the direction of the point of the target. The internal Central electrode 124 allows slightly faster in the gap between it and the outside is more Central electrode completely surrounds the point of the target, then, by theorem of Gauss, the electric field inside the sphere, which it surrounds, without an influx of charges from the outside, is zero. Therefore, charged particles, optionally slightly accelerated in the gap between the more Central electrodes will not be hindered by the internal electric field of the Central electrode 124 after passing this electrode gap. Theoretically, it is possible to increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid additionally two times due to the introduction of this gap and the installation of additional Central electrodes, but in practice it will require very significant design complexity, because it requires the construction of additional restraint systems on the weight elements of the accelerator directly in order to keep the weight more Central electrode and the wires going to it directly from the remote end of the device, causing the charge transfer. Thus direct the hot zone of a fusion reactor must also be of the weight inside additional inner Central electrode and the cooling system should go beyond that. It's very difficult. So really after is something in the range of up to 1 MB, or up to 0.1 percent of the total energy of the accelerated working fluid is the gain that can be obtained without installing additional restraint systems on the weight elements of the accelerator by an electric field.

The device that is causing charge transfer, transfers electrons from the first casing, an external capacitor to the last plates of the entire chain of internal capacitors, starting from this sheath. About the last of the plates an excess negative charge carried by the electrons supplied to the voltage Converter 126. The voltage Converter converts the energy of an excess negative charge and distributes voltage to the electrodes 123, 124, 125 through covered insulated wires 127, 128, 129 so that the electrodes 123, 125 was the ground potential, and the internal Central electrode 124 would be minor negative potential, such as 1 MB.

The compensator 130 compensates for the excess positive charge carried in the region near the point of the target or heavy ions, or charged macroscopic particle or film. For this purpose, the voltage Converter supplies the compensator negative potential. The compensator moves tricaprate working fluid migrates along the axis of the accelerator inside the insulating tube 131 of the vacuum chamber and directed into the magnetic field of the magnetic coil 132, enters through the axial hole of the coil moves along magnetic field lines, then enters the opening in the electrode 125, falls into the interelectrode gap between the electrodes 124 and 125, slightly in the accelerating gap, such as its energy increases by 0.1 percent, enters the opening in the internal Central electrode 124 and enters the coverage area of the focusing system 133. The focusing system focuses the accelerated working fluid at the point of the target.

At the same time on the point of the target focuses on different sides of the accelerated working fluid, accelerated all accelerator driver performed symmetrically around the point of the target. Accelerated working fluid collides with the target, which compresses and heats it, and is thermonuclear microexplosion deuterium-tritium fillings. Plasma explosion expanded and used to generate electricity. In this case, the plasma moves along the accelerator towards the main secluded Explorer and enters the plasma accelerator 134. The plasma accelerator creates a crossed electric and magnetic fields, perpendicular to the axis of the accelerating plasma back toward the area of the capacitor 135, plates 136, 137 of which is parallel to the axis of the accelerator, and on the wires 138, 139, made in the form of strips parallel to the axis about capacitor plates 135. The capacitor plates are electrodes between which the electric field is created perpendicular to the axis. Wire create a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis and perpendicular to the electric field existing between the electrodes. Pulses in the time when the axis does not fly accelerated working fluid. The pulses are received from the system start-up accelerator and driver through the delay line with the time required to expedite a working body to overcome the distance from the electrode 122 to the point of the target. The length of the working section of the accelerator plasma exceeds the product of the speed of sound in the plasma moving along the axis, the time between applying pulses of voltage applied to the plasma accelerator. Working this way, the plasma accelerator prevents plasma thermonuclear microexplosions in that part of the vacuum chamber, in which the main solitary Explorer. It is also possible to work the accelerator and plasma in continuous mode. The Larmor radius of heavy ions with energy of 10 GeV is large enough which you can install multiple accelerators plasma along the axis, performed so that the rotation or heavy ions, or macroscopic charged particle or film in some accelerators plasma would occur in one direction, and in other accelerators plasma would occur in the opposite direction. Thus, rotation in different directions mutually compensated and accelerated working fluid is not strongly deviates from the axis even when the accelerator plasma in a continuous mode. If the conductivity of the plasma is insufficient for effective acceleration of plasma, such as plasma is weakly ionized, the plasma accelerator can contain for this purpose on the surface of the electrode made in the form of plates 136, ionizer plasma, such as electron source. For this purpose, the electrode surface can be performed emission cathodes. While applying voltage to the electrodes, the electrons emitted during thermal emission are accelerated by an electric field and additionally ionize the plasma, notcause from the region near the point of the target.

Around the insulating cables can be made non-contiguous with one another conductive rings on the outer surface of conductive rings flocking charges of static electricity. This reduces the transverse electricpower rope. The vacuum chamber may contain cooling channels made with the possibility to cool the walls of the insulating tubes liquefied gas such as liquid nitrogen. Liquefied gas cools the walls of the vacuum chamber and with their surfaces are not intense thermal emission of electrons.

The accelerator may contain several devices, causing the charge transfer. In this case, they simultaneously increase the charge on the primary solitary Explorer. Also a separate device, causing the charge transfer can contain multiple external capacitors connected in parallel. In these cases, the speed of charge transfer increases.

The energy of ions accelerated working fluid can be significantly increased by using additional increase of energy of the accelerated working fluid. The accelerator provides an additional increase in energy of the accelerated working fluid 93, works as follows. This system consists of two parts, representing each individual variant system. The first part of the process occurs by periodically repeating the steps in sections, each of which consists of two pairs of coaxial is th first section, starting from the section closest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, nearest to the entrance of the accelerator. After passing the accelerated working fluid of the first section begins the sequential repetition of the operations on the second site on each partition in turn.

The system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid is enabled by the system switches 140, which is activated by the supply system of the accelerated working fluid at the time of electrical connection of the electrodes of the start 91, 92 passing them by cylinder. Immediately following this, a powerful source of electromagnetic radiation, for example, a powerful laser 141 directs the beam of electromagnetic radiation, for example, the beam of optical radiation in semitransparent mirror 142, which divides the beam into two beams. Reflected from the semitransparent mirror beam and the last semi-transparent mirror, the beam is spatially separated and sent to different opaque mirror 143, 144, mirrors rays are reflected and directed to two hyperspeed switch Bogdanov 145, 146. Thus the optical path length of the two beams along the entire path from the laser to switch equal. The switches are simultaneously heated, heat emission is no emission current.

Let us consider in more detail the situation with negative secluded Explorer. In case of installation of additional increase of energy of the accelerated working fluid, changes the position of the voltage Converter. In this case also, the same device that causes the transfer of charges, charges the first facing high positive potential and the latter facing high negative potential. The last plate 193 chain external capacitors electrically connected with the inner facing sub-zero capacitor 147, which is minus secluded conductor 148. On these plates is the same potential and, hence, on the minus secluded Explorer is also supported by the high negative potential. The voltage Converter is connected to the plate of one of the internal or external capacitors the device that causes the charge transfer, which is expected potential close to ground potential. In the manufacture of the device the number of internal capacitors and their parameters are chosen such that the potential difference between the primary secluded conductor and earth would coincide modulo the potential difference between m the NGO heated, heat emission cathodes. Starts emission. Between the main private guide and delay lines flowing emission current between the negative secluded conductor and delay lines flowing emission current. With the switch 146, executed by the negative capacitor from the plate with the emission cathodes 192 current flows to the receiver of the flow of electrons 149, and to wire delay lines. The receiver of the flow of electrons can be in the form of a conducting disk, electrically connected to the delay lines. The current flows through the switches. Switches included. The electric field generated in the field emission cathodes of the switches in the order of 10 MV/see If this electric field, the current density field emission is very low. Heating of the electrodes causes a sharp increase in current thermal emission that exceeds the current density field emission in our case by several orders of magnitude. So with surfaces heated emissive cathode current begins to flow electrons. The flow of electrons crossing the gap switches and arrives at the receiver and the flow of electrons. Current transfers the charges. Electric charges in a pulsed mode of singing. Current delay lines flowing up until the potential on the entire delay line is equal to the capacity of the switch. When the potential is balanced, the current flow stops. By this time, the laser stops heat emission cathodes switches. Pipe with a liquid or gas cooled emission cathodes and sinks of flow of electrons. They cool down. Thermal emission of electrons stops. Switches off.

This embodiment switches and system enable enable synchronous supply voltage pulse on the delay line for time switches the order of 10 NS and performance more than 10 pulses per second without replacing the switch after each pulse. When this plate switches separated by a gap within which the vacuum that allows you to create between the plates switches field of about 10 MV/cm, without fear of electrical breakdown.

The switches can also be made of known types, for example, gas discharge. But in this case it is necessary to provide a replacement system switches switch after each pulse or to apply pulses with a low frequency, so that a discharge gap had time to cool off after impul the potential difference between the plates and with a smaller field strength, United with his power system. Such switches are activated remotely synchronously with the start of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid.

Supply system of the accelerated working fluid takes the accelerated working fluid in the electrode gap between the electrodes 122 and 123. The switches 145, 146 electrically connect the main condenser, secluded main conductor and the negative capacitor 147, minus secluded conductor 148 with delay lines 150, 151, 152, 154.

Thus, the switches connect the power supply system with coaxial electrodes, since the power supply system has a stand-alone charger, executed on the device, causing the charge transfer, which is connected with the main and sub-zero secluded conductors. The power supply system offline charging device supplies the charges on the main and sub-zero secluded conductors that supply charges on the delay line.

Delay lines transfer the charges in the direction of sections 155, 156 coaxial electrodes. The submission process is accelerated working fluid and the connection switches capacitors with delay lines are synchronized in time so that the time0the start circuit electrically is his body surface of the main solitary of the conductor on the value :

= 3/2L/c

where c is the speed of light in vacuum,

L is the length of the longest delay line.

This formula is obtained taking into account the fact that the transmission speed of the electromagnetic interaction of the wire occurs at a rate 2/3 C.

The length of each delay line is determined by the fact that at the moment of arrival of the charge on the wire delay line to the coaxial electrode accelerated working fluid just came inside a conducting pipe section.

Delay lines of the first type of electrically connect the switches with the inner pair of coaxial electrodes 156, 157 section. The electric field comes through the delay line to the coaxial electrodes immediately. This occurs after a time01since the connection switch of the delay line to the condenser, or, in other words, after connection of the delay line or the main secluded Explorer or minus secluded Explorer. The nearest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid (to the entrance of the accelerator) inner coaxial electrode electrically connected to the main secluded conductor suspended from the holding device on the weight of the elements will accelerate La, and more adultstore, suspended as negative secluded Explorer. After accelerated working fluid held inside the two inner coaxial electrodes, delay lines of the second kind is electrically connected through the main switch secluded Explorer and negative secluded conductor with the outer coaxial electrodes 158, 159 section. The nearest to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid (to the entrance of the accelerator) outer coaxial electrode is connected by a delay line with negative secluded conductor 148, and more remote from the entrance of the accelerator is connected with the main secluded Explorer.

As a result of this sequence of connections first inner coaxial electrodes accelerate accelerate the working fluid is advanced in its interelectrode gap, limited flat conductive rings 160, 161. At the time when the accelerated working fluid out of the gap, the outer coaxial electrodes create in the same interelectrode gap of an electric field directed in the opposite direction with respect to the field of internal electrodes. External electrodes accelerates out of the gap of the accelerated working fluid as the electric field electric is the body the same dipole electric field. As a result of superposition of these fields electric dipole fields are mutually destroyed and accelerated working fluid after exiting the gap, at least until the next section, are not inhibited by the dipole electric field of the internal electrodes. The conductive tube of the coaxial electrodes 162, 163 partially shield the accelerated working fluid variables from external fields and more evenly distribute the flowing charges around the axis of the accelerator as they move towards the gap between the conductive flat rings.

After connecting switches, delay lines of the first, second and third kind secluded main conductor and the sub-zero secluded conductor, the electric current pulse goes through the delay lines. Current begins to go simultaneously on all delay lines, but comes to different coaxial electrodes at different times depending on the length of the delay line. The length of the delay line consistent with the expected speed of the accelerated working fluid for each partition separately. Section receive current (electric charge) from the delay lines in series as the accelerated working fluid passes through them. When the delay line optical field, oppositely directed electric fields of the delay lines of the first and second kind, created around them while moving through the electric charge on the section. On-line delay of the third kind of charge of opposite sign, relative to the delay lines of the first or second kind, along which it is made. In the electric fields generated by electrically charged by the delay lines of the first and second kind, when it is flowing charges, on the axis of the accelerator greatly reduced delay line of the third kind and have no noticeable effect on the speed of the working body on the axis of the accelerator. When the current delay line of the first kind has reached the inner coaxial electrode, the first electric charge is included in the electrode-side conductive pipes 162 and charge it. The charge comes from the end face of the electrode on the side where there is no flat conductive rings. The charge moves along a coaxial electrode to a flat ring coaxial electrode and charge it.

The charge along the wire delay lines of the first and second kind suited to the coaxial electrodes with different sides so that the arrival time of the charge on the wire delay lines to the electrode from different sides by wire delay lines of the first or second kind, located one inside the other (inner ring 164). At the same time along the outer ring 165 to ring 166 of the wire delay lines of the third kind is a charge opposite to the charge on the delay lines of the first or second kind. On the outer ring has a point of contact 167 with wire 168, going to the switch. First, the charges come to this point, and then from this point charges at the same time spread on two contacts 169, 170 with about waters 171, 172, going to the inner ring 164. With each of the wires charges come on the inner ring at the same time, since the contact points are at the same distance from the contact point 167. With the inner ring charges go to the coaxial electrode through the end 173 of the electrode most distant from the center of the section. Such a complicated way necessary to ensure that the charges are distributed symmetrically about an axis on the surface of the coaxial electrode and then to the symmetric bunch charges suited to flat conducting ring and the interelectrode gap in the middle section. Radially symmetric electric field will deflect electrically charged particles accelerated working fluid path, prog shreeve working fluid is accelerated by all sections of coaxial electrodes along the axis of the accelerator up to an additional Central electrodes 124 and 125. After the charges for all three delay lines are distributed around the section, would create an accelerating field in the gap, and then compensate it, they flow systems using electrical energy 174. In this system, the electric energy transmitted through the delay lines are converted and how either is used in order to increase the efficiency of operation of the accelerator.

Between the sections can be made extra focus system surrounding the axis of the accelerator. Delay lines run along all sections until the last of them, the most remote from the delivery system accelerated working fluid. Around the axis of the accelerator along with the system an extra boost of energy of the working fluid additional focus system 175, 176 create a magnetic field. The magnetic field holds the accelerated working fluid during movement along the axis directs to the axis and focuses axis. When this option connection of the magnetic coil systems focusing delay lines so that when the changes of the current in the magnetic coils they are additionally slightly accelerated working fluid induction electric field. It is also possible washing of the magnetic coil systems focusing DC.

The restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field 177 operates as follows. Wire retention 178, 179, 180, 181 let electric current. During flow through the wires of the electric currents create magnetic fields that part is subjected to application of the magnetic tape 182. For example, the film contains a ferromagnetic material. The film is magnetized. The components of the film, the magnets are oriented in the magnetic field generated by the flowing currents, and pole magnets made on the delay lines and poles of magnets made on a wire retention oriented in different directions. The poles of the magnets are oriented along the directions of the magnetic fields of the currents in the wires. The magnetic tape surrounding the wire delay line 183 first part is subjected to application, with the orientation of the magnets forming the film, the opposite orientation of the magnets, film-forming wires hold. Then the wire delay line is inserted between the wires of the restraint system. Wire retention 178, 179 using magnetized magnetic film, and specifically, the magnets forming the magnetic film, push the bottom of the magnets of the magnetic film wire delay lines in the upward direction, because the magnets are oriented about the 81 push the wire delay lines of force of magnetic repulsion from above in a downward direction and not allow it to rise too high. Then the wire delay lines allow the current through the wires holding forth the currents, but oppositely directed current wire delay lines. Here it is necessary to clarify that the magnetic fields of the currents as the distance from the wires to loosen up. Since the magnetic film surrounding the wire is under the action of the superposition of the magnetic fields of the wire and fields surrounding the wires is chosen such the distance between the wires and the power of the currents in the wires, so that the magnetic field is the superposition of the magnetic fields of the currents was directed in the same direction as the magnetic field of the given wire. Due to this, the magnetic field of the magnetic film, the magnets forming magnetic films are magnetized advanced, and the force of magnetic repulsion of the magnets of the magnetic film increases. Wire retention withheld on weight insulating cables 184, 185, performed inside the insulating tube, and the ends of the cables fixed in the walls of the vacuum chamber. Wire retention are connected to each other by four by the insulating rings 186, 187, made from an insulator. Insulating the cables are attached to the rings and keep them in suspension. Instead of the ring can be made of insulating frame structure in the form of a square frame. One to whom dine with the use of electrical energy. Wire retaining and supporting the weight of the insulating cables are held in suspension restraint system on the weight of the elements accelerators electric field. This system contains a long insulated cables connected to the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field. On ropes through equal distances made more secluded conductors with a coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit charged particles. Under the long ropes over them and made a short insulating cables, perpendicular to them, in the middle of which is made more secluded conductors, also covered the floor with a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit charged particles. And for all the upper and lower additional isolated conductors radioactive substance emits charges of the same sign. The location and configuration of additional isolated conductors are the same as for the cases considered before. Short insulating cables are so close to more secluded Explorer long rope made only one more secluded conductor short rope, and coroots with short cables, made from below. Coatings emit charges, the charged electric charge of the same sign and charge more secluded conductors charge of the same sign. The wires repel each other, and the conductors of the lower short cables hold the conductors of a long rope to the weight force of electrical repulsion, and the conductors of the upper short cables due to this repulsion not allow them to climb up excessively.

Additional isolated conductors, which held the wires going from the negative capacitor, contain a coating containing a radioactive substance that emits during radioactive decay of positively charged particles, for example, alpha particles, or positrons. In this case, the current through the wires a negative electric charge will cause additional electrical repulsion, and therefore, it will hold the weight of an additional repulsive force. Additional isolated conductors, which held the wires going from the main condenser, contain a coating containing a radioactive substance that emits during radioactive decay negatively charged particles such as electrons. In et the e repulsion, and therefore, it will hold the weight of an additional repulsive force.

Pipe with a fluid or gas is effectively cooled wire delay lines and wires hold circulates through the pipes, liquid or gas.

Wire delay lines and wire retention can be performed inside the tubes with liquid or gas. In this case, wires simultaneously and electrically insulated and cooled by liquid or gas. Coaxial electrodes are cooled by circulating through the cooling liquid or gas.

Long-insulating ropes can be performed rectifiers electric current, such as diodes. Some rectifiers are made so as to ignore the negative charges flowing in the direction from the wire coming from the positive of the capacitor, and the other rectifiers are made with the ability to ignore negative charges in the direction of the wires from the negative capacitor.

When charge flows through the delay line, in different directions along the long insulating cables restraint system to the electric field is distributed electric field. Field causes the movement of charges. Rectifiers at this point in time, the flow of charges pass is upravlenii, this second movement of charges rectifiers delay. As a result, the rectifiers create a quasi-permanent charge distribution along the long isolation of the cable, extra long conductors of the cable charged, repel each other conductors from short cables and keep a long rope to the weight.

If the accelerator contains two versions of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid, closer to the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, closer to the entrance of the accelerator, the first part of the first option. The first section accelerates the working fluid as described above, and, after passing through the first section, the accelerated working fluid enters the second section, performed immediately after the first as the second variant of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid. The second version of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid is performed on the second plot, more remote from the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. In the second option section does not consist of two pairs of coaxial electrodes, and only one pair, consisting of inner and outer electrode. Electrodes made one HV the. the ri this delay lines of the first kind, connecting the internal electrode with the main condenser, are positive charges. For delay lines of the second kind, connecting the outer electrode with the negative capacitor goes negative charges. If the accelerator accelerates positively charged particles, for each section of the delay line of the first kind is shorter than the delay lines of the second kind, so first internal electrodes each section first come positive charges, and then negative. The difference in the lengths of the delay lines is determined in advance based on the estimated speed of the working fluid along specific sections. The positive charge comes to the electrode at the time when either positively charged macroscopic particle or a film, or the Central part of the bunch of positive ions only just passed the end of the electrode, which receives the charge from the delay line. Takes place some time, accelerated working fluid flies several sections. All this time into sections rhythmically proceed with delay lines of the first kind of positive charges, the arrival time which is the time since the occurrence of accelerated working is temporarily its electric field accelerate or positively charged macroscopic particles or film, or positively charged ions. Field of these sections is reminiscent of a configuration field of a charged cylinder. Field acts on the section of the electric repulsive force. This effect should be taken into account when calculating the strength of structures. Therefore, the length of the number of positively charged sections and charges sections are based on structural strength of restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. Along the delay lines of the first and the second kind is made of the delay line of the third kind. They made along the delay lines in the second embodiment, as in the case of performance for delay lines of the first and second kind for the first variant. And are, in principle, similar. When there is positive charge on the delay line of the first kind from the main solitary of the conductor, in parallel with him, at the same time by the delay line of the third kind is moving negative charge from the negative solitary Explorer. Charges equal to the module only at the initial moment of time. Go parallel to the axis of the accelerator at the same distance from the axis to approach the desired section. All this time the total field charges affects the axis of the accelerator only dipole electric field, decreasing with increasing distance is but an additional pair of such lines, delays, they additionally reduce (offset, but not to zero, and to the fields the next order of smallness) their fields and this dipole field. At the approach to the desired section of the charge delay line of the third kind is stopped, and the charge of the delay line of the first kind rushes to the inner electrode and begins to charge. After that, the charge carried by the delay line of the first kind begins to significantly exceed the charge that remains on the delay line of the third kind.

During acceleration of relativistic particles when moving along the delay lines of the first, second and fourth, the second kind charges move in parallel to the charge of delay lines of the third kind so that they together first overtake accelerated stream of relativistic particles, and then come to the correct side of the section that is the time when the flux of relativistic particles will begin to approach the end nearest the electrode section.

Such advance that is implemented by means of lines of delay in the acceleration of relativistic particles, it is necessary for the reason that the speed signal wire is only 2/3 of the speed of light and the velocity of a relativistic particle, the more energy that can approach the speed of St. the LCD of the first kind charge positive charge several sections, forming a set of partitions. Let's call this set of sections number of sections. Then along the axis of the accelerator runs the wave of positive charge, which form a new series of positively charged sections. This wave runs after accelerated working body and accelerates its electric field of a positive charge. After this wave run negative charges on the delay lines of the second kind and charge the external electrodes of the negative charges, compensating positive charge. This reduces the forces of electrical repulsion acting between sections.

The first version of the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid can additionally be accelerated accelerated working fluid as follows. Pre-external coaxial electrodes is made much greater capacity than the internal electrodes, for example, they perform two flat conductive rings of large diameter that is larger than the surface area of the flat conductive ring inner coaxial electrode, at least two times. The rings serve from two opposite ends of the tubes of the coaxial electrode. Let's call this option combined first options, the options and there, where we are talking about using the first version of the system, first of all you should try to implement it combined the first option. After accelerated working fluid has passed the gap between the flat conductive rings of the inner coaxial electrode, on the next to the entrance of the accelerator region of the outer coaxial electrode from several sides symmetrically laterally through the delay lines of the second kind is served a positive charge. When the delay line is made so that the other outer coaxial electrode section of the negative charge comes after the time for which the accelerated working fluid will pass a number of sections. In this series of sections each second external electrode manages to positive charge. A wave formed of a positive charge, which runs after accelerated working fluid on set of sections, number of sections. The positive charge wave accelerates speeding up the working body. During acceleration of the accelerated working fluid is accelerated in the same way as it is accelerated in the second embodiment, the system.

The length of the conductive tube of the coaxial electrodes and, accordingly, the length of the coaxial electrodes along the axis, can increase the kodine each section of the coaxial electrodes, the accelerated speed of the working fluid increases. With this in mind, you can achieve the ratio of the lengths of the free space inside the conductive tube of each of the coaxial electrode, in which the accelerated working fluid will conduct in this cavity within each of the coaxial electrode are approximately the same time. Due to this, it is possible to calculate in advance the time during which hyperspeed switches will be enabled to supply voltage to the delay line. It is being recharged each coaxial electrode electric charge. If this time will be coordinated with the time of the accelerated working fluid inside the inner axial cavity of each of the coaxial electrode, this will increase the efficiency of the accelerator.

The system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid can be accomplished without negative solitary Explorer and without negative capacitor. In this case, the delay lines of the first kind connected still with the main secluded Explorer using hyperspeed switch, and delay lines of the second and third kind are connected directly without a switch directly with a conductive coating 61 and the electrode 123. That is, with the electrode combined with a conductive coating, savodnik. The voltage Converter 126 supported on the electrode potential of the earth. After the section of coaxial electrodes will go positive charges through the delay line of the first kind of secluded from the main conduit through the delay lines of the second and third kind of voltage Converter and from the electrode 123 following them will go negative charges. They will perform all of the functions that perform the negative charges coming from negative solitary Explorer. The system in this case works in the same way as in previous versions.

The use of negative solitary Explorer and negative capacitor allows twice to increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid. However, in this case, the design becomes much more complex than in the case without them, because minus secluded Explorer and United with him through the switch delay lines of the second and third kind are held on the weight of the additional restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator.

The total charge that can be fed to the coaxial electrodes and the delay line is determined by the capacity of the positive capacitor and the capacitance of the negative capacitor. These containers shall be increased by installing additional plus capacitors and additional negative capacitors.

If it is determined the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid with several hyperspeed switches, in this case, the emission cathodes few hyperspeed switches can be coordinated with the operation of the supply system of the accelerated working fluid so that they were included after a certain calculated for each of them. Thus along the axis of the accelerator or away from it can be made more secluded conductors, electrically isolated from the main solitary of the conductor, let's call them plus additional secluded conductors and additional negative secluded conductors. They are connected to additional devices, causing the charge transfer. Additional plus secluded conductors are made as well as basic secluded conductors. Additional negative secluded conductors are made as well as negative isolated conductors. Additional plus secluded conductors and additional negative secluded conductors are connected to additional hyperspeed switches connected to the system start-up accelerator and lines zade is ulatory at this time, after you enable hyperspeed switch on each additional plus or minus a secluded conductor charge from it goes to a section of coaxial electrodes synchronously with the passage through the section of the accelerated working fluid. That extra plus secluded conductors electrically isolated from the main solitary of the conductor, substantially as in this case, the expiry of them positive charges will not cause vertical displacement of the feed system of the accelerated working fluid, is made inside the main solitary of the conductor.

It is possible to accelerate positively charged particles, feeding on the delay line of the first kind of negative charges with negative secluded conductor and with additional negative isolated conductors. When this delay lines of the first kind are made longer than the delay lines of the second kind connected with external negative plates of the capacitors connected to the voltage Converter and which is at the ground potential.

In this case, the negative charges overtaken by the delay lines of the first kind of the accelerated working fluid and delivered to the coaxial electrodes, made lectrode, which are made closer to the entrance of the accelerator. The formation thus wave of negative charge, which is moving ahead of the accelerated working fluid on the set of sections of coaxial electrodes and accelerates it towards the exit of the accelerator, and followed this wave moving compensate the positive charges in the same way as it was described to accelerate the wave of positive charge. According to the author, for the realization of controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction, from the entrance of the accelerator until about the middle of the system, the additional increase of the accelerated working fluid should be accelerated accelerated working fluid wave of positive electric charge, and then, starting from the middle to the exit of the accelerator, should be accelerated accelerated working fluid wave of negative electric charge.

The maximum energy of the accelerated working body can inform if behind it runs the wave of positive charge, and in front of him running wave of negative charge.

The system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid can accelerate accelerated working fluid to the required energies at reduced values resnel insulating pipes of smaller diameter and the edges of the device to the walls of the vacuum chamber can be made less than the distance for example, 10 m, and 0.5 m In parallel with the main capacitor connects several additional main capacitors and secluded main conductor connects several additional major isolated conductors in order to increase their total capacity. It is also possible that each additional basic secluded conductor electrically joined an additional device for causing movement of charges. This allows, for example, to accelerate heavy ions with energy up to 10 GeV with the developing tension between the main secluded conductor and the ground not 10 000 MB, but much less. For example, if the gap between the main secluded conductor and the surface of the wall of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber is reduced from 10 m to 0.5 m, respectively, this voltage cannot be increased above 500 MB because of the threat of electrical breakdown. In turn, the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid allows you to overclock even with these values of voltage between the main secluded conductor and earth flux of heavy ions up to energies of about 10 GeV. Moreover, if the maximum voltage is only 500 MB, to achieve t is anee, up to 250 meters in this particular example, reducing tension in 20 times, the minimum number of partitions must be at least 19 sections. Moreover, it should be noted that 19 of the sections can provide the necessary energy ions only for the ideal case when all sections and all delay lines are working perfectly. In the real execution of the system to ensure acceleration of ions up to energies of about 10 GeV will need to partition significantly larger, for example about 30 sections.

In heavy-ion acceleration system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid contains much less sections on the first segment with the first option than the second area with a second embodiment of the system. For example, the first part can be done in just one or two sections of the first variant. This is because the first option requires much more precise timing of operation of all system elements than the second option. Limit the application of the first version of the system due to the operating speed of the device switches and error, which is the timing of the release of the accelerated working fluid in the gap between the electrodes supply system scaremongering macroscopic particles or film system includes a first section with a first system and a second section with a second embodiment of the system. The ratio of the lengths of the first and the second section depends on the accuracy with which it is possible to calculate

in advance and coordinate the arrival time inside the accelerating electrode gap last section of the first section, farthest from the entrance of the accelerator, speeding up the working fluid from the time of filing this gap accelerating voltage.

Agree on the length of the delay line with a time of accelerated passage of the working fluid through the interelectrode gap can not only theoretically but also experimentally. To do this, for each delay line of each section conduct test launches of the accelerator with the flow through it of the accelerated working fluid and with the acceleration of this section of the accelerated working fluid. In the time between launches of uniformly changing the length of the delay line. Start with the first section from the entrance of the accelerator. Find for her the length of the delay lines in which the energy of the accelerated working fluid will be maximum. Installed for this test section these specific lengths of the delay lines. Launches accelerator for each test section hold up until the aggregate of working sections from the entrance of the accelerator before the trial section will not receive the maximum energy uskoro energy of the accelerated working fluid.

Because the system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid can accelerate accelerated working fluid to the required energies at reduced values of the potential difference developed by the device, causing the charge transfer between the primary secluded conductor and earth, there is a possibility to use simplified restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. When reduced electrical stress between the elements of the accelerator and the land of this device may contain only the insulating cables, one end of which is connected with the wall of the vacuum chamber and the other end is connected with either the element or cable connected with the item. When the ropes are made obliquely, at an angle to the vertical. Insulating pipes in which made these cables also inclined. Hanging oblique wire is not straight but curved. Gravity bends it down so that its surface forms a curve line of the parabola. The parameters of this line can be calculated in advance. Insulating pipes of the vacuum chamber, in which the cables are also made inclined. When this insulating tube of the vacuum chamber can do curved along the parabola, which, in autoskola in this case, the elements of the accelerator depend only on insulated cables without deduction of the weight of the electric field, the electron accelerator 39 may be missing.

In the General case, instead of the coaxial electrodes specified form can be done electrodes, made in the form of rotation, the axis of which coincides with the axis of the accelerator. For example, the electrodes may be in the form of rings. Sections of the electrodes in this case can consist of either of the two pairs of rings, or one pair of rings. One ring in a pair of surrounds the other ring. The use of electrodes in the form of rings increases system performance and can be recommended for the acceleration of relativistic particles, such as heavy ions with energy above 1 GeV.

The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field may contain the system marks containing at least one first additional secluded conductor 195, made in the form of a figure of revolution with the tabs on the ends, the distance from the axis of rotation figure to the surface shape of the rotation is reduced in the Central part of the figure rotation and increases towards the ends of the figure rotation, and at least one end of the figure of revolution connected to the rod 196, which is connected with the element of the accelerator 197, while between the first additional secluded conductor and the element is m cable 199, moreover, the length of the first solitary Explorer more than twice the width of the second conductor and the length of the rod is more than twice the width of the second conductor, and on the surface of the second conductor facing the inner surface of the insulating tube, the coating 200 containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and the ends of the cable secured in the walls of the insulating pipe of the vacuum chamber, and the electric capacity of the first secluded conductor exceeds the capacity of the rod more than five times. The radioactive substance is made with the ability to emit electrons. Axis of the first and second additional secluded conductor perpendicular. Between the rod and the spring element is made of 201. The rod is made curved. The rod is made curved in the direction of the line passing through the center of the first secluded conductor and through the center of the second additional solitary Explorer. The axis of the first additional secluded conductor perpendicular to the line coming through the center of mass of the conductor and through the element of the accelerator held-on weight system stretching. With the first end. In this case, the electric capacity of each rod is less than the capacitance of the first conductor is more than ten times. The distance from the element accelerator connected to the system marks before the first solitary Explorer more than five times the width of the element of the accelerator. On the surface of the first conductor, the more remote from the element is made, the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign. The restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator electric field which contains at least three systems of stretch marks, made with the ability to pull the item accelerator in different directions, including along the vertical axis, with at least one system stretching 202 performed on the element and at least one system stretching executed under the item. At least two systems of stretch marks 203, 204 executed on different sides from the vertical passing through the element.

The system of marks is as follows. The first additional secluded conductor 195 through the rod 196 is charged with positive electric charge due to the operation of the device, causing the transfer sastroutomo. The second more intimate conductor 198 is suspended by an insulating rope 199 and due to the emission of radioactive substance coating 200 charged particles such as electrons, charged electric charge, such as a positive. The signs of the charges of the first and second conductors are the same, and they repel each other due to the electrical repulsion of like charged charges. The form of the first conductor with the tabs on the edges creates a minimum electric field perpendicular to the conductor axis passing through its center. The second conductor is in a potential well of repulsive forces and aspires to be in the position with the minimum potential energy of repulsion, i.e. perpendicular to the axis. Since the electrical capacitance of the rods is much less than the capacitance of the first conductor, their fields cannot significantly move the second conductor position with the minimum potential energy of repulsion. Therefore, the wires repel each other and form a gap. Thus, the conductors loosely hanging due to repulsive forces, not touching each other, and keep the weight connected to the first conductor elements of the accelerator. The whole weight of the item accelerator and p is at 201 weakly presses the conductors to each other so that to the axis of one was between the projections on the other. A preliminary charge on the first and second conductors can be applied using a conductive clamp, connected to a high-voltage wire from the high voltage source. The clamp is controlled by a pointing device remotely. Several clips at the same time can support the weight of the item accelerator, while the other clamp is applied charges. In this part of the clamps can move the first intimate conductor from the second so that between them there was a gap, and stretch the spring. After the filing of the charge on the conductors through the wire and the clip from the source, the manipulator removes the clip to the side. The charges remain on the conductors. Conductors begin to build. Spring is stretched stronger. In those places where more secluded conductors in contact, on the surface, at least one of them is made of an insulator insulating the floor. The flow of charge through the clip from the source is necessary in the case where the conductors are pre-pressed to each other and the arrival rate charges from the item and from the radioactive coating is equal to the rate of leakage of charge through the insulating cables. What is the distance from the element accelerator connected to the analyst who leave to the electric field of the first secluded conductor exceeds the electric field item accelerator connected to the system marks the location area of the second solitary Explorer. Therefore, the force of electrical repulsion operates exactly as described above. That is implemented by the case of superposition of electric fields, when the second secluded Explorer stronger proceeds from the first solitary Explorer, than from an element of the accelerator.

The system creates a pressure in the tubes with the liquid or gas pressure, providing pressure fluid or gas and the movement of liquid or gas. The system pressure can create pressure with the help of pumps and turbines, outside of the vacuum chamber. The system is a pressure contains at least one turbine, outside of the vacuum chamber. System pressure may include at least one heater. The heater can be combined with a fusion reactor, for example with cooling loop fusion reactor. The heater can be combined with offline charging devices containing radioactive coating with radioactive material. The system is a pressure e.g. the>

The cooling system can be made in two types. In the first embodiment of the pipe with the liquid or gas is performed so that part of the tube is outside of the vacuum chamber and part of the inside. The refrigerant is heated in the vacuum chamber elements of the accelerator, it goes through the pipes with a liquid or gas to the outside and the outside is cooled. Then came back inside and the cycle repeats.

In the second embodiment, the cooling system comprises upper and lower feed system refrigerant, the upper and lower receiver system refrigerant while the upper feed system of the refrigerant is performed on the upper inner surface of the insulating tube, the top system for receiving refrigerant is made underneath the system coolant supply on the upper surface of the element accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, in addition, the upper system for receiving refrigerant is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, is made from the top element of the accelerator to the bottom of the item accelerator with cooling element of the accelerator, and on the lower part of the element is made lower, the system coolant supply connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, and the lower overladen, outside of the vacuum chamber, the system for the submission and examination of the refrigerant is made in the form of sealed chambers with sealed hatches inlet and outlet, and pressure valves on the pipes with a liquid or gas, in addition, the system coolant supply is made with the possibility to fill an airtight container with refrigerant, hermetically sealing the hermetic container and drop down, and the system receiving the refrigerant is made with the ability to extract refrigerant from an air-tight container and send an airtight container up, and the refrigerant is performed in the operating temperature range to fill the tube with liquid or gas.

System for the submission and examination of the refrigerant contain capture system which has a capability to capture flying in them air-tight container. The gripping system includes a docking device. The gripping system zahvativet flying in their side sealed containers using a docking device. At least one system coolant supply is made with the ability to throw an airtight container. At least one system for receiving refrigerant contains a catapult. At least one system coolant supply contains charger, done what and refrigerant contains charger, made with the possibility to charge a sealed container of an electric charge. At least one gripping system performed on the element of the accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. At least one gripping system are made under the accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. At least one gripping system is made at the side of the element accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. Tight tank type tank with a sealed hatch. Tight tank made in the form of a container with an airtight hatch.

The cooling system of the second variant works as follows. Top with the upper supply system falls into the upper receiver system sealed container of refrigerant within the air-tight container is either cold hard substance, such as lithium or ice, or cold liquid, for example water. In the inner part of the sealed chamber system receiving the refrigerant is heated, when the refrigerant is solid, melts, flows down the tubes with the liquid or gas to cool the element of the accelerator. In an airtight container, for example, the container or tank, is discharged at the bottom of the system for receiving refrigerant from there, the refrigerant starts to be transported inside the outer part of the cooling system.

After the passage of the air-tight container inside the sealed chamber system receiving or filing, as well as after the release of the sealed chamber, the sealed hatches are closed. Every time before opening the sealed hatches using a vacuum pump inside the sealed chamber additionally creates a vacuum. In a sealed chamber, which is connected with the wall of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber, the vacuum creates a vacuum pump connected to the airtight chamber. Vacuum pumps can be carried out inside a sealed container. In a sealed chamber connected to the element of the accelerator held in suspension restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator, the vacuum generated by a vacuum pump, is made inside the tight containers. In this case, the first refrigerant is pumped into the pipe with a liquid or gas conventional pump fluid within the system create pressure. Then seal valves pipe with liquid or gas overlap and vacuum pump begins to pump into the hermetically sealed vessel who is the capacity ejected from the sealed chamber and replaced with a new one.

System for the submission and examination of the refrigerant can fire a sealed container in a lateral direction and up in several ways. The first method. The charger puts on tight tank electric charge. If a sealed container is the element of the accelerator, it is the charge of that sign, which is charged element of the accelerator, for example positive for positively charged element. If a sealed container is on an insulating tube of the vacuum chamber, it is the charge of the opposite sign, relative to the sign of the charge, which is charged element of the accelerator, for example a negative to a positively charged element. The second method. Catapult shoots an airtight container. The third way. Tight tank accelerates the cart with the motor. Truck stops abruptly and tight tank crashes. Instead in the direction of the element of the accelerator held in suspension restraint system, shot another sealed container pre-filled with the cooled refrigerant. Another tight tank also caught, but the other gripping system with another connecting device mounted on the element will accelerate and easiest truck. Tight tank mounted on the truck with the motor. The truck accelerates in the horizontal direction and dramatically slows down. Tight tank crashes with it overcomes the gap between the element of the accelerator and the wall of the vacuum chamber and lands on another truck, where it is captured by the capture system using a docking device. Trolley with tight capacity by inertia rolls and due to this movement absorbs the kinetic energy of the arriving air-tight container. The cart can be performed on the rails.

After the airtight container is in a sealed chamber, the refrigerant from the sealed container is removed, in a sealed chamber creates a vacuum-tight tank or shot up or sideways, or cleared down.

Very significantly, in this embodiment, the elements of the accelerator, held on weight, can not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber by any United with them pipes with liquid or gas. This is ideal for stretching. When implemented simultaneously these two systems is a non-contact holding on to the weight field and non-contact cooling flying from elements will accelerate the x two systems actually operate at a maximum electric field and a minimum linear dimensions of the device hold the weight elements of the accelerator field.

For example, in this case, you can use a variant of the system of marks, in which the inner lining of the capacitor is performed offline charging device, electron source and the electron accelerator, while the lining is made in the form of a conductive plate and is not connected to another capacitor plate and connected to the system marks the restraint on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. In this case, the plate will hang so that the walls of the vacuum chamber will not touch any connected with it an element of the accelerator. The plate can be made a powerful accelerator of electrons at high energy, for example microtron at the electron energy of 100 MeV. When the accelerator Bogdanov without additional increase of energy of the accelerated working fluid, accelerating particles up to 10 GeV, contains about 100 such plates, which are made in the amount of 100 microtron 100 MeV each. The distance between adjacent plates in this embodiment 1 meter. The thickness of the plate with the microtron and a standalone charger can be made 1 meter. The battery performed sequentially internal capacitor, the plates of which are such plate has a height of 200 meters (we rassmatrivaju distance from the walls of the vacuum chamber 10 meters, the height of the entire accelerator 220 meters.

The accelerator in this case works as follows. Microtron with each plate accelerates the electrons in one direction, such as down. The electrons reach the neighboring bottom plates and penetrate into the lower plate, giving the facing their charge. Electrons can jump the gap as long as the potential difference between the clearances will not reach 100 MeV. After some time, this potential difference will be created between all adjacent plates, and means between the end plates, the potential difference will be equal to the amount of such difference of potentials between all plates, containing 10 GeV.

In addition to using the accelerator to implement ion fusion accelerator can be used for other tasks accelerator technology. For example, the accelerator provides an extra boost of energy to expedite the working of the body length of 20 kilometers capable of accelerating charged particles to energies of the order of a few TeV. This gives the opportunity to arrange with his help, the synthesis of transuranium elements Islands of stability. Hypothetically, such transuranium elements can be used in motor mouth is the RTO is what standalone charger contains a turbine, made in a tube with liquid or gas. The turbine includes a turbine generator, configured to generate electricity under the pressure of the fluid or gas flow. The portion of the tube inside of which is made turbine, covered with a shield made of a conductive material. Outside of the screen is made the source of electrons and an electron accelerator. The turbine generator is electrically connected to the power supply system of the electron accelerator. The power supply system is covered by a screen. The turbine generator is configured to generate electricity. Electron accelerator contains emission cathode and the accelerating electrodes. Pipe with a liquid or gas is connected to the heater and cooling system. The heater can be made in the form of a cooling circuit of a nuclear fusion reactor.

Standalone charger works as follows. In the pipe with liquid or gas-liquid or gas with a force of pressure on the turbine and bring it into rotation. During rotation of the turbine, the turbine generates electricity. Electric power is applied to the power supply system of the electron accelerator. The power supply system of the linac delivers a pulsed high voltage is ectrode. The source of electrons, such as system emission cathode supplies electrons to the electron accelerator, for example in the gap between the electrodes. The electrode receives a high pulse voltage and accelerates the electrons. Electrons carry uncompensated negative charge, and on a standalone charger remains equal modulo excess positive charge. This excess charge is distributed over the surface of the screen. Within the volume bounded conductive screen, the external electric field, in accordance with theorem of Gauss, or equal to zero, or because the screen has holes, at least considerably weakened. Thus, the screen reduces the influence of external electric field on the turbine generator and the power system of the electron accelerator.

Such stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that the electron source and electron accelerators were performed on odd surfaces of the plates, starting from the first plates of the first external capacitor. Stand-alone battery chargers due to the energy produced by the turbine generator, emit electrons, accelerate electrons and direct them into the gap of Meskheti lining internal capacitor to even the surface of the other of the inner lining of the capacitor. Also the same stand-alone battery chargers are made and on the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator electric field. They are located on the same short insulating cables, as in the previous case.

The third variant of the accelerator. The turbine is connected with electrostatic generators. On the inner lining of the capacitor is made of an electrostatic generator connected to the turbine. The turbine is made in a tube with liquid or gas. The generator is designed with the ability to transfer the charges on the other plate.

In this embodiment, the turbine also is driven by the pressure of liquid or gas and rotates the shaft on which the conveyor electrostatic generator, for example a dielectric, insulating tape. On one plate made system discharge points or brushes, causing the surface of the conveyor electric charge of the same sign. The conveyor moves and transfers the charge on the other plate. On the other lining system discharge points or brushes removes conveyor electric charge of this sign, and possibly causes a charge of opposite sign. Electrostatic generators are made on each plate internal to the between all the plates of all internal capacitors and only in one direction. Such movement of the charge gradually builds the capacity of the first plates of the first external capacitor.

The fourth embodiment of the accelerator. Along the internal battery of capacitors made pipe with liquid or gas, and liquid or gas in the form of suspended solids are the solids, and the pipe wall is made of alternating serial sections, consisting of regions of two types, electrically connected to the plates of a capacitor, and the material of the site of the first type is made with a positive charge by friction on the material of the solid particles, and the material section of the second type is made with the ability to charge negative charge by friction on the material of the solid particles. When the capacitor is made of the external electrodes with holes, electrically connected with areas of the first type, and external electrodes without holes and inner electrodes electrically connected with areas of the second type, and the internal electrodes are made within and external to the outer surfaces of the internal electrodes made of emission cathodes, and the capacitors are performed around the sites in voidian external electrode without holes, and from the other plates of the inner electrode, in addition, the external electrode with holes made between the external electrode without holes and the inner electrode so that the distance between the electrodes was a gap, and the outer electrode with holes made in the form of grid with the ability to provide electrons to freely fly through the mesh, and the outer electrode without holes one of the plates is electrically isolated from the outer electrode with the holes of the other plates. Inside the tube with a liquid or gas made nested in one another conductive pipe, between the pipe made the gaps with the possibility of a free pass in the gap of a liquid or gas, and tubes are electrically connected with each other and with the condenser and is covered with an insulating coating or of the material of the first section, or of a material of the second segment.

In this embodiment, the fluid or gas flow carries along a pipe with liquid or gas solids. They RUB about walls and electrically charged both plots charges of different signs. Potential difference is created between the external electrodes with holes and internal electrodes. The internal electrodes are heated by friction on the surface of the pipe Job. The electrons are accelerated by an electric field acting between the outer electrode with holes and internal electrode, fly interelectrode gap through the holes of the inner electrode with holes and internal electrode, fly interelectrode gap through the holes of the inner electrode with holes and get to the external electrode without holes. Lining internal capacitors made in the form of electrically isolated from each other cylinders made around the sites of the first and second type separately. Moving thus, electrons are transferred between the plates connected with areas of the second type from the first external capacitor plates along the entire chain of internal capacitors. Along the entire inner surface of the pipe with liquid or gas made ribs, strips, grooves and branch pipes of smaller diameter to increase the area of contact sections of the first and second type of liquid or gas.

The fifth version of the accelerator. On the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing the internal capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other surface of the sheath - emission cathodes is ispolneny the induction coil. The induction coil can be performed in two ways. They are either suspended by insulating the wires with the battery internal capacitors, or they are made on the inner surface of the insulating pipe. In the first embodiment, the power induction coil is supplied from a stand-alone charger, performed either with a radioactive substance, or a turbo-generator. In the second case, the power can come either from a stand-alone charger or external power supply made outside the vacuum chamber.

On the induction coil serves voltage pulses of different polarity. When the change in the magnetic field of the coil occurs induction electric field, directed perpendicular to the inner plates of the capacitor, accelerating from the surface emission cathode, the electrons emitted during thermal emission. In this case, when the field emission accelerates the electrons in the direction of the neighboring plates, the electrons are accelerated and cross the gap between the plates. Thus, between the plates of the inner capacitor current flows along the entire chain of internal capacitors, electric current flows. When the field is directed in the opposite direction, ISPU they were emitted. Therefore, these electrons cannot overcome the gap between the plates. On the other surface of the other of the sheath current is negligible, since the material of this surface has a work function greater than 4 eV. The stream of electrons emitted from this surface has a density of at least several orders of magnitude less current in the reverse direction and, therefore, a significant impact on the transfer of charges to provide can't.

The sixth version of the accelerator. Along the internal battery of capacitors made of oscillatory circuits. When this resonant circuit is made around the inner lining of the capacitor and includes a capacitor and an inductor. The condenser can be either combined with internal capacitor or capacitor plates of the circuit can be made in the form of flat rings around the inside of the capacitor. Lining internal capacitors made in the form of parallel plates. On the surface of the plate facing to the last plate, an external capacitor is made of the emission cathodes, and on the surface of the plates facing the first facing external capacitor, emission cathodes no and the surface is covered with a material with a work function greater than 4 eV.

External power supply can be performed in two ways. In the first case it is a source of alternating electric current. Current is applied to the oscillation is of ondansetron and inductors, made with the possibility to change the current in the windings due to mutual induction. Between the plates of capacitors and coils with mutual induction performed gap, in which there is a vacuum. In the second variant around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation. On the inner surface of the insulating tube is made of the waveguide and the outlet of the source of electromagnetic radiation. The waveguide, for example, may contain conductive rings electrically insulated from each other, the axis of which coincides with the axis of the insulating tube, and the distance between the rings is less than the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation source of electromagnetic radiation. The parameters of the waveguide consistent with the parameters of the source of electromagnetic radiation so that along the waveguide this radiation could spread. The wavelength of 1 m to 30 m of the Oscillating circuit is made so that the frequency of the electromagnetic wave radiation is its resonant frequency.

The accelerator in this embodiment operates as follows. Electromagnetic radiation is introduced into the waveguide excites the resonant oscillations of the oscillating circuits and gives them energy. Vibrational con is another inner lining of the capacitor. Chain oscillatory circuits accelerates electrons along the entire chain of internal capacitors and causes the charge transfer between the external plates of the capacitor.

The seventh version of the accelerator. Around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation, and on the inner surface of the insulating tube is made of the waveguide with the possibility of entering the inside of the waveguide radiation and radiation propagation along the waveguide. On the walls of the waveguide between the plates, an external capacitor is made Bogdanov field modulator of electromagnetic radiation [10] , containing the external capacitor, and between the external plates of the capacitor are made of the internal battery of capacitors, the plates are made in the form of parallel plates, on the surface of the wafer facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the surface facing the other plate, the emission cathodes is no, and the distance between the plates is much less than the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation. The plates are connected to each other by an insulating gaskets.

The accelerator in this embodiment operates as follows. Electromagnetic inih capacitors, warming emission cathodes. With the surface emission cathodes begins thermal electron emission. The electric field of the wave in one particular phase accelerates electrons away from the first casing, an external capacitor. In this phase the electrons emitted from the emissive cathodes, manage to overcome the gap between the plates, and along the chain of internal capacitors, electric current flows. In the other phase, different from the first to pollperiod, the electric field of the wave is already slows down the electrons emitted from the surface emission cathodes, and returns them to the cathodes. The current during this phase along a chain of internal capacitors no.

The output emitter of electromagnetic radiation can be performed polarizer. In this case, electromagnetic radiation falls on the ends of the inner plates of the capacitor so that the plane of oscillation of the electric vector of the wave is perpendicular to the plate.

The eighth version of the accelerator. Offline charging device has an inductive energy storage system switching energy emission cathodes and the electron accelerator, and inductive energy storage device made in the form of the multiturn magodo, a pair of identical superconducting windings, made one along the other and fed by currents of opposite directions, and the coil includes at least one partition containing either more than two pairs of coils of the windings, or more than two pairs of windings, made one along the other and fed by currents of opposite directions. Standalone charger is made on the inner lining of the condenser.

The accelerator in this embodiment operates as follows. In the magnetic coil stored energy is determined by the following calculation formula of energy in multiturn coil [12]:

Wm= 1/2LkI2k+1/2MkiIkIi,

where k,i - number of circuits limited, the turns of the coil,

Lkthe inductance of the k-th path,

Mki- mutual inductance of the k-th and i-th paths,

Ik, Ii- power electric current k-th and i-th contour.

In this equation the first term represents the sum of energies of all the currents. The second term represents the mutual energy of the currents.

If the coils of the windings with opposite direction of the currents supplied by current simultaneously so that the current in the coils was tremeda to zero radial stress and induction currents, preventing the washing, and the current density in the coil can be increased considerably. Therefore, the first member may be significantly higher than existing magnetic coils. The second member when the increase in the number of coils with opposing currents decreases sharply because of the increase of the current in the coil winding in one direction of current, let's call this the winding main winding, causes an increase in current in the coil winding of the other current direction, we call this additional winding, and causes a decrease in current in the other coils of the main winding. Therefore, the members of the mutual induction of coils of the same current direction are included in a formula with one character and the members of the mutual induction currents of opposite directions in the coils of the windings are of opposite sign. These factors result in mutually reduce each other and the amount decreases. The second member is reduced, it becomes much less of the first member. Therefore, the main contribution to the energy of the magnetic coil Bogdanov gives exactly the first member equal to the sum of energies of the currents.

There is a way to feed the magnetic coil energy at which the magnetic coil is completely within sohrabuddin condition using Bogdana from the emitter of electromagnetic waves is directed to Bogdanov field of the electromagnetic radiation modulator and modulated so, that the reflected wave becomes linearly polarized and at each point in space has an electric field vector in which each point of the space is directed in only one direction.

It must be emphasized again. We are talking about the direction of the electric field vector in a particular direction. The modulated wave has a field in which a particular point of space has only one direction, varying only in amplitude.

The reflected wave is sent in one waveguide on one of the walls and on the opposite wall of the completed sections of the primary winding of the magnetic coil Bogdanov. The other emitter of electromagnetic waves directs its radiation to another field modulator and flipped him wave is sent into another waveguide on one of the walls and on the opposite she made lots of additional windings of the magnetic coil Bogdanov.

Primary and secondary winding coils at locations on the walls of the waveguide, is made so that the electromagnetic wave in the waveguide, falling on them, due to the effect of Masnaa completely reflected. The parameters of the waveguide so consistent with provector electric field, on the surface of the windings, the vector is directed mainly in the direction of the vector current density in the windings. This allows you to supply a magnetic coil that is located entirely in the superconducting state. It is possible to achieve a current density of short samples order If constructive, the current density is less than 3 times, it gives the opportunity to supply to the magnetic coil Bogdanov weight 2500 kg 1000 GJ of energy. This energy can then be used for work performed on the lining of the internal capacitor of the electron accelerator, which you can use microtron.

Switching of stored energy and its withdrawal from the magnetic coil Bogdanov is as follows.

Superconducting winding switching device on small plots heated, moving to areas in the normal state and at the same time small portions emit pulses at the current during switching of the stored energy. Energy is displayed simultaneously with the primary and additional windings so that the current in one of them was equal to the force of the current in the other. Energy is supplied to the electron accelerator. The electrons are accelerated in the x capacitors, and along the internal battery of capacitors, electric current flows. When this occurs, the charge transfer. The cooled magnetic coil can also occur pipes with liquid or gas with the difference that these pipes circulates liquid nitrogen and liquid helium, or their pairs.

After the energy of the magnetic coil is used, the magnetic coil together with the cryostat is removed from the capacitor plates and shot into the side walls of the vacuum chamber. On the wall of the vacuum chamber it is captured by the capture system using a docking device and again zapityvat magnetic energy. Instead in the direction of the element of the accelerator held in suspension restraint system, shot another magnetic coil, pre-powered energy. The other coil is also caught, but the other gripping system with another connecting device mounted on the element of the accelerator. The coils are reversed and the operation of the accelerator continues. To fire a coil easiest truck. The magnetic coil mounted on the cart with the motor. The truck accelerates in the horizontal direction and dramatically slows down. The magnetic coil off with her, overcomes the gap between the second capture using a docking device. The truck with the magnetic coil of inertia rolls and due to this movement absorbs the kinetic energy of the arriving magnetic coil. The cart can be performed on the rails.

The ninth embodiment of the accelerator. Lining the internal capacitor in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target. While on the surface lining of the internal capacitor, converted to one plate of an external capacitor, made of emission cathodes, and on the other surface emission cathodes not.

The accelerator for this option works the same way as described earlier. The difference lies in the fact that the charge transfer occurs along the axis passing through the centers of the segments. Option is used in case, if the accelerator is installed in the driver with other accelerators.

The tenth embodiment of the accelerator. Lining the internal capacitors are made in the form of rotation, nested one inside the other, with the axis of rotation figures passes through the point of the target. On the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes is yuusei moving charges can be made one for all accelerator driver. Charge transfer is carried out by the same methods as were described earlier.

The eleventh version of the accelerator. The inner lining of the capacitor is connected, at least three insulating cables and configured to hold the insulating cables on weight without contact with other plates. Insulating cables, in turn, are held in the weight holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator. The lining is made standalone charger. As such a device can be used standalone charger with radioactive coating, with inductive energy storage or turbo-generator.

In this embodiment, the accelerator operates as follows. Electron accelerators accelerate electrons and throw them on one of the plates of the internal capacitors on another so that along the battery is suspended on an insulating cables internal capacitors tech electric current.

In this embodiment, the accelerator can create a higher electric field strength between the plates of the internal capacitors and, due to this, reduce the length T second accelerating electrodes, performed between the main private guide and point of the target, and an additional device for causing movement of charges. This additional device for causing charge transfer, contains an internal capacitor, the plates of which are made either in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target, either in the form of figures of revolution with a common axis of rotation, made one within the other, the axis of which passes through the point of the target, and an additional device for causing charge transfer made with the ability to transfer electrons in the direction from the main solitary of the conductor to the point of the target, and the most remote point of the target facing additional device electrically connected with the main secluded conductor, additional electrodes coincide with the inner plates of the capacitors are optional devices that causes the charge transfer, and the plates on the axis of the accelerator is a through hole.

The accelerator of this embodiment operates as follows. Supply system of the accelerated working fluid serves to accelerate escosa and accelerated in the gap between the electrodes 122, 123 as described above. Then pre-accelerated particle or film falls into the gaps between the additional electrodes, the field between them creates an additional device for causing charge transfer. Additional acceleration in these gaps can further accelerate the speed of the working body.

The accelerator may include a main capacitor, in which almost the entire volume occupied standalone charger. This allows you to increase the momentum of the electron accelerator.

The accelerator can accelerate negatively charged particles, such as negative ions, electrons and negatively charged macroscopic particles or films. In this case, the elements of the accelerator are made so as to increase the negative potential on the primary solitary Explorer. Nothing new is required. Just a device that causes the transfer of the charges made with the possibility to direct the electrons towards the primary solitary Explorer. This can be achieved by the same parts of the accelerator, but arranged differently. For example, the projections with a radioactive coating can be performed on the surfaces of the plates johnstech, and ledges without radioactive coating can be performed on the surfaces facing the first casing, that is, on even surfaces.

The cylinders 78, 79 may contain magnets made along the entire length of the cylinder, between the insulating coating and the magnet layer made of diamagnetic. This is necessary so that when the acceleration of the cylinder in accelerating stem magnet not perennials again in a strong magnetic field arising from the acceleration of the cylinder in accelerating the trunk.

Plus secluded Explorer and secluded main conductor made in different insulating pipes that are suspended in them and not touching the walls of the vacuum chamber. Plus secluded Explorer and secluded main conductor electrically connected to each other with a conductive connection 58. On the front surface of the cylinder can be made of soft material, the conductive coating is electrically isolated from the cover, is made on the lateral surface of the cylinder and electrically connected to the protrusion. It is necessary to ensure that the collision frontal surface of the cylinder with stop more effectively was the flow of charge to the ledge of the cylinder and on the system R is the main point of a solitary Explorer, when this hole is made below the slot and hole width exceeds the width of the slot.

In the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor made the hole, the hole is made on the axis of the accelerator, and around the hole made spring so that one end of the spring is connected with the casing and at the other end with a conductive ring, and the ring axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator.

Alternatively, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid. In this embodiment, in the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor made the hole, the hole is made on the axis of the accelerator, and around the hole made spring so that one end of the spring is connected with the casing and at the other end with a conductive ring, and the ring axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator. The radius of the inner hole of the ring exceeds the radius of the base of the protrusion of the cylinder but less than the radius of the cylinder. The conductive ring is connected to a spring with ball bearing with the ability to rotate around the axis. Spring rings are installed on the conveyor. The conveyor is connected with the stepper motor.

The system works as follows. The conveyor before the start of the accelerated work is to accelerate the trunk and goes to the ring. Faced with the ring. Spring is stretched. The protrusion of the cylinder is above the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor and on the ledge operates the electric field of the gap between the electrodes 122 and 123. The electric field acts on an accelerated working fluid. It is separated from the ledge and continues to accelerate independently. The advantage of this option before first option that increased the time during which the charge may flow to the surface of the protrusion of the cylinder. The increase in time is due to the depreciation of the spring. Spring is stretched longer than the time of the collision cylinder with stopper.

Spring is stretched. There is a force tending to return the spring to its original state. A stretched spring acts on the cylinder and knocks him back. System reset directs the cylinder in the collection system.

After one start stepper motor moves the conveyor, the conveyor moves the new ring with spring on the axis of the accelerator. It is necessary to replace the rings. Replacement rings are needed either for cooling rings with spring, or for the reason that the ring can ignite the electric arc and part of the ring is melted.

Inside Kohl is rotated, and the axis of rotation coincides with the axis of rotation of the cylinder and with the axis of the accelerator. In addition, the speed of rotation of the flywheel and ring can be synchronized with the speed of rotation of the cylinder. It is necessary to ensure that the process of collision of the rotating cylinder with the ring occurred more gradually. After the collision cylinder with a ring they will rotate at the same speed and it will improve the flow of charge in the ring and on the ledge of the cylinder.

About rings from the Central part of the main solitary of the conductor can be made the head and the percussion mechanism, implemented with the possibility to hit the ring, in the center of the ring made of the system of matter accelerated working fluid.

The firing pin strikes the rotating ring, the ring extends above the surface of the main solitary of the conductor, and the accelerated working fluid begins to operate the electric field electrode gap. Accelerated working fluid is separated from the host accelerated working fluid and is accelerated in the gap electric field. After that, the conveyor delivers under new head rotating ring with the location of the accelerated working fluid.

The system further is inaudio switches with system start driver and plus and minus capacitors and isolated conductors.

In this case, the system starts an additional increase in energy of the accelerated working fluid is system-start driver. This system transmits simultaneously on different accelerators driver signals through fiber-optic lines, which form a fiber optic delay line. The signals come on switches with pre-calculated delay include switches and alternately switches synchronously connect the plus and minus secluded conductors with sections of coaxial electrodes along the trajectory of the accelerated working fluid along the axis of the accelerator. The time of engagement agreed upon with time passing along certain specific sections of the accelerated working fluid.

The system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid may contain sensors accelerated passage of the working fluid along the axis of the accelerator. While the sensors are connected with a system of switches, and the switches performed on the plus and minus capacitors, and a switch connected via a delay line with a section of coaxial electrodes.

The sensors record the passage of the accelerated working fluid along a particular section and signal tacori turn on and connect the minus and plus secluded conductors with sections of coaxial electrodes synchronously and consistently over time, passing through certain sections of the accelerated working fluid. Section charged electric charges and accelerate accelerated working fluid.

The restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains at least three systems of stretch marks, made with the ability to pull the item accelerator in different directions, including along the vertical axis, with at least one system stretching 202 performed on the element and at least one system stretching 203 is executed under the item. At least two systems of stretch marks 203, 204 executed on different sides from the vertical passing through the element.

Three systems of stretch marks 202, 203, 204 pulled in different directions and hold the item on weight.

Sources of information

1. The Kaczmarek, F. introduction to the physics of lasers. M.,1981.

2. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. TRANS. from English. M., 1984, page 18.

3. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. TRANS. from English. M., 1984, page 20.

4. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. TRANS. from English. M., 1984, page 225.

5. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. TRANS. from English. M., 1984, page 226.

6. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. the, 984, page 227.

8. Duderstadt J., Moses, Inertial fusion. TRANS. from English. M., 1984, page 220.

9. The encyclopedia of physics, volume 5, M, 1998, page 593.

10. Bogdanov, I. Bogdanova field modulator of electromagnetic radiation. Patent 2095897. Priority of invention 24 August 1994

11. Bogdanov, I. the Magnetic coil Bogdanov. Patent 2123215. Priority from 19.09.97,

12. Jaworski B. M., A. A. Detlaf. The Handbook of physics. 1996, page 283.

1. Accelerator containing a power system, a vacuum chamber, at least one high-voltage generator, a focusing system, accelerating electrodes, the supply system of the accelerated working fluid, characterized in that it contains at least one condenser, at least one primary secluded conductor within the conductor is made the source of the accelerated working fluid, and the vacuum chamber includes a wall made of an insulator in the form of an insulating tube and the camera made a restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator, implemented with the ability to hold the weight of the elements of the accelerator, forming an integral part of the accelerator, this restraint on the weight of the main elements of the accelerator secluded conductor so to intimate the conductor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

2. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it comprises a magnetic coil and at least one main capacitor, electrically connected with the main secluded Explorer, and the restraint on the weight elements of the accelerator is made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber of the main condenser and main intimate guide to the condenser and secluded conductor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber, and the high-voltage generator contains a device that causes the charge transfer, with at least one external capacitor and a battery connected in series internal capacitors made inside the vacuum chamber so that what two end plates at the inner capacitor battery combined with an external capacitor plates, between the plates, at least one capacitor is made of the gap, and at least one external capacitor is electrically connected to the main secluded conductor, the device causes the transfer of the charges made with the possibility to cause charge transfer between the plates external conden the different isotopes, moreover, the device is made with the ability to cause charge transfer of a particular character in the direction of one of the plates of the external capacitor and does not result in transfer to the other side of the casing, and a holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator is made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber, at least one facing external capacitor so that the capacitor plate does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

3. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator contains at least one insulating rope, made from an insulator inside the at least one insulating tube with the opportunity to be inside the camera on weight, touching the walls of the vacuum chamber only at one point of connection with the camera its end, with at least one insulating cable are made with the ability to hold the weight inside the vacuum chamber of the main capacitor so that the capacitor does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

4. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the power supply system includes at least one Autonomous charging device configured to charge the electric charge of the real is avtonomna charger, made with the ability to emit charged particles with an electric charge of the same sign.

6. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains tubes with liquid or gas, is made of an insulator, a closed circuit passing through the system is a pressure, a vacuum chamber and the cooling system, the system pressure is made with the possibility of creating pressure in the pipe with liquid or gas.

7. The accelerator on PP.4 to 6, characterized in that the power supply system comprises at least one turbine, made in a tube with a liquid or gas with the ability to rotate under the pressure of liquid or gas.

8. The accelerator on p. 6, characterized in that the tube with the liquid or gas is connected to the inner lining of the condenser.

9. The accelerator on p. 6, characterized in that the substance is liquid or gas made insulator.

10. The accelerator on PP.4 to 6, characterized in that the power supply system has a stand-alone charger, containing the turbine, while the portion of the tube inside of which is made turbine, covered with a shield made of a conductive material, and the outside screen is made the source of electrons and the electron accelerator, the us, electrically connected to the power supply system of the electron accelerator, and the power supply system of the electron accelerator is covered by the screen.

11. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the inner lining of the capacitor is made in the form of a conductive plate, parallel plate, an external capacitor on the side of the conductive plate facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other side of the plate emission cathodes not.

12. The accelerator on PP. 1, 2, 11, characterized in that it contains at least one plate, and on one side of the floor plates are made from radioactive substances made with the possibility to emit during the breakup of charged particles of one sign, and on the other side of the plate made another radioactive substance, made with the ability to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign.

13. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 11, 12, characterized in that on one side of the floor plates are made from radioactive substances made with the possibility to emit during the breakup of charged particles of one sign, and on the other side plate of radioactive vesatile contains a restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator electric field, designed to hold the weight of the electric field component parts of the accelerator so that part of the accelerator does not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

15. The accelerator on PP.3, 4, 5, 14, characterized in that the system includes at least two insulating rope, one of which is connected to the element, and the other contains a stand-alone charger, while insulating the cables made one above the other, and the upper wire is connected to the element, and the lower cable is connected with the walls of the vacuum chamber.

16. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 3, 14, characterized in that the elements are held in suspension, are the main secluded conductor, main condenser and at least one external capacitor.

17. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains additional Central electrode made in the form of a cylinder or multi-faceted prisms surrounding the point of the target so that the symmetry axis of the cylinder or prism passing through the point of the target, with either a hollow cylinder or prism is made hollow.

18. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a compensator made in the form of covered insulated wires, with the spruce on PP.1 - 2, wherein on the surface of the inner plates of the capacitor are made of the protrusions on the surface of the notches of the plates facing one facing external capacitor made of a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit in the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and on the other surface of the sheath radioactive substances no, the protrusions are made so that they form slots with the projections of one of the plates is located between the protrusions of the other plates, in addition, the protrusions are made of conductive material in the form of parallel plates perpendicular to the plates so that the distance between the ledges there was a gap, moreover, the protrusions of one of the plates electrically isolated from the other tabs of the sheath and in the gap there is no dielectric.

20. The accelerator on PP. 1, 2, 11, characterized in that it contains a conveyor made with the possibility of installation and replacement on the inner lining of the condenser emission cathodes.

21. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, characterized in that the lining of the external capacitor run standalone charger with electron accelerator, thus accelerating electrodes are connected with the plates o external capacitor, when external capacitors are connected in series.

23. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that on the inner lining of the capacitor is made of an electrostatic generator with the ability to transfer the charges on the other plate connected to the turbine, made in a tube with liquid or gas.

24. The accelerator on p. 6, characterized in that the system is a pressure contains at least one turbine, outside of the vacuum chamber.

25. The accelerator on p. 6, characterized in that the system is a pressure contains at least one pump, outside of the vacuum chamber.

26. The accelerator on p. 6, characterized in that the system is a pressure contains at least one heater.

27. The accelerator on PP.6 and 26, characterized in that the heater is connected to a fusion reactor.

28. The accelerator on PP.4 and 5, characterized in that the stand-alone charger contains a source of electrons and an electron accelerator.

29. The accelerator on PP.4 and 5, characterized in that the stand-alone charger is performed on the capacitor plate.

30. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it contains, KRA is the Accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that it contains at least one resonant circuit with the capacitor and inductor are made about lining the internal capacitor.

32. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one source of electromagnetic radiation and the waveguide, the source of electromagnetic radiation is made around the insulating tube and the waveguide is made on the inner surface of the insulating tube can enter the inside of the waveguide electromagnetic radiation.

33. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the at least one internal capacitor is made with a gap between the plates.

34. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that around the inner lining of the capacitor is made conductive ring.

35. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that on the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other surface of the sheath emission cathodes not.

36. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that along the internal battery of capacitors made pipe with liquid or gas, in liquid or ESCI connected to the plates of a capacitor, characterized in that the material of one part by friction about him solid particles gives the electrons, and the material of the second segment when the friction on the solid particles takes electrons.

37. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid includes accelerating the barrel, made of an insulator with the opportunity to accelerate the electromagnetic field of the cylinders and to bring them into rotation; a conveyor configured to serve to accelerate the barrel cylinder; a feeder into the barrel cylinder; a stopper configured to stop movement of the cylinder at the outlet of the barrel having an aperture on the axis of the barrel; a system reset is made with the ability to reset with the axis of the barrel cylinder after it has been stopped by the stopper, containing connected to the electric motor or turbine blades or propeller, either the disk with slits; a system for collecting hollow cylinder, while the limiter is electrically connected to the accelerating electrode, and at the end of the cylinder is made ledge containing either at least one edge or the blade, or the fastening system of macroscopic particles or film, and the radius of the base of the protrusion is less than the width of the slot openings of different topics some accelerators are made symmetrically about a point of the target and connected to the driver.

39. The accelerator on PP.1 and 3, characterized in that the insulating rope made more secluded conductors, and more secluded conductors made with tabs on the ends in the shape of rotation, with the axis of rotation is parallel to the centerline of the insulating rope.

40. The accelerator on PP.1, 3 ,6, characterized in that the insulating rope combined with a pipe with liquid or gas.

41. The accelerator on PP.1 and 3, characterized in that around the insulated cable conductor is made of at least one conductive ring.

42. The accelerator on PP.1, 4 ,5, characterized in that it contains an offline charging device containing a capacitor, with the inner surface of one of the capacitor plates are made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and on the inner surface of the other casing of a radioactive substance is not, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

43. The accelerator under item 1, distinguish what about the body or heavy ions, or macroscopic particles or films.

44. The accelerator on PP.1 and 43, characterized in that the macroscopic particle or film contains a substance with less than 3 EV.

45. The accelerator on PP.1, 37, 43, characterized in that the macroscopic particle or a film made of a refractory material and is connected with the protrusion of the cylinder fusible material which is in liquid vase does not moisten the material particles or film, but wets the material of the protrusion of the cylinder.

46. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that around the axis of the accelerator is made plasma accelerator with the ability to cause drift movement or acceleration of the plasma along the axis.

47. The accelerator on PP.1, 46, characterized in that the plasma accelerator contains at least one wire made along the axis, and electrodes made with the possibility to create crossed magnetic and electric fields perpendicular to the axis.

48. The accelerator on PP.4, 5, 42, characterized in that the power supply system has a stand-alone charger, containing the conveyor passing through the inner lining of the capacitor, the supply system on the conveyor radioactive substances, made with the possibility of ispackage, or on the surface of the plates.

49. The accelerator on PP.4 and 5, characterized in that the stand-alone charger contains a coating containing radioactive material is configured to emit charged particles of one sign.

50. The accelerator on PP.1 and 3, characterized in that the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator contains an insulating cables, one end of which is connected with the wall of the vacuum chamber and the other end is connected with either the element or wire connected to the element, with at least one cable is done obliquely, at an angle to the vertical, and the cable is done inside an insulating tube made inclined at an angle to the vertical.

51. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 50, characterized in that at least one insulating tube of the vacuum chamber is made curved along the parabola, which, according to preliminary calculation, due to gravity to form a sloping insulating ropes holding elements on weight.

52. The accelerator on PP. 1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, characterized in that the restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field is made with the ability to hold the weight part of the accelerator by weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains at least two insulating rope, and the upper insulating cable is done over the element of the accelerator, and the bottom underneath, thus isolating the cable is connected to the element and the pipe with liquid or gas, and the ends of the cable secured in the walls of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber, and between the insulating cables are made perpendicular to the cables additional insulating cables, United with the walls of the vacuum chamber and the floating element of the accelerator, and in the middle of the additional insulation of the cable is made more intimate Explorer, made in the form of a figure of revolution, the distance from the axis of rotation figure to the surface shape of the rotation is reduced in the Central part of the figure rotation and increases towards the ends of the figure rotation, and more secluded conductor run standalone charger, with the axis of rotation figure coincides with the axial line of the insulating rope.

53. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, characterized in that the restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains a system of marks containing at least two additional solitary Explorer, called conductors URS rotation, the distance from the rotation axis to the surface shape of the rotation is reduced in the Central part of the figure rotation and increases towards the ends of the figure rotation, and at least one end of the figure of revolution is connected with the rod connected to the element of the accelerator, while between the first additional secluded conductor and element is designed in the shape of the rotation of the second additional secluded conductor, mounted on insulating the cable, and the length of the first solitary Explorer more than twice the width of the second conductor and the length of the rod is more than twice the width of the second conductor, and on the surface of the second conductor, facing the inner surface of the insulating tube, the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and the ends of the cable secured in the walls of the insulating pipe of the vacuum chamber, and the electric capacity of the first secluded conductor exceeds the capacity of the rod more than five times.

54. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, 53, characterized in that the axes of the first and second additional secluded provoding and the spring element is made.

56. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, 53, characterized in that the surface of the first conductor, the more remote from the axis of the element, the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign.

57. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, 53, characterized in that the restraint system on the weight of the elements of the accelerator, the electric field contains at least three systems of stretch marks, made with the ability to pull the item accelerator in different directions, including along the vertical axis, with at least one system stretching performed on the element and at least one system stretching was performed under the element.

58. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 4, 5, 14, 39, 49, 53, characterized in that at least two marks are made on different sides from the vertical passing through the element.

59. The accelerator on PP.4, 5, 49, wherein the radioactive substance is made with the ability to emit electrons.

60. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains additional increase of energy of the accelerated working fluid, is made with the possibility of additional Wolbachia body contains coaxial electrodes, performed along the axis of the accelerator, with the axis of the electrode coincides with the axis of the accelerator and on the axis of the electrode is made through the axial hole, and a coaxial electrodes combined in a section made along the axis of the accelerator, while section includes at least one pair of coaxial electrodes, consisting of the inner electrode and the outer electrode, the outer surrounds and electrically isolated from it, and the system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least one delay line, made of wire, electrically connecting the coaxial electrode and the power supply system, the length of the delay is consistent with the time of passage of the accelerated working fluid through the axial hole of the coaxial electrode.

61. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the power supply system electrically connected with the main secluded Explorer.

62. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains the device switches containing the electrodes of the start system an extra boost of energy of the accelerated working fluid, coupled with the STS system shall mutator, made in the form of two plates with the ability to cool the liquid or gas supplied to the plates of tubes with liquid or gas, and the switch is made so that the distance between the plates was a gap, one plate made system emission cathodes, while the other plate of the emission cathodes not, however, at least one switch connected to the main secluded Explorer, and mostly secluded conductor plate made without emission cathodes and wire delay lines attached plate with emission cathodes, and the device switches includes a source of electromagnetic radiation, made with the ability to direct a beam of electromagnetic radiation, emission cathodes of the switch.

63. The accelerator on PP.1 and 60, characterized in that the coaxial electrode contains a conductive pipe, and the pipe axis with the axis of the accelerator, with the tube side of the center section connected to a flat conductive ring and the pipe axis coincides with the axis of the ring, in addition, the plane of the ring perpendicular to the axis of the accelerator.

64. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 63, characterized in that the conductive flat ring adjacent coaxial elec is 65. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 63, characterized in that the conductive pipe adjacent coaxial electrodes of one section made from the outer side of the flat conductive rings.

66. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the working fluid comprises at least. two wires of the delay line is made along one another, with one wire delay line electrically connected to the power supply system and the second wire delay line electrically connected to the ground.

67. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least two wires of the delay line is made along one another, electrically connected to the power supply system, and the wire is configured to be supplied with currents of opposite directions.

68. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 60, characterized in that it contains an additional negative secluded conductor made with the possibility to stay on the weight-holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, the device causes the transfer of the charges made with the ability to transfer a positive charge on the main secluded p is m through the switch are connected, at least one delay line and secluded main conductor is connected through the switch, at least one delay line.

69. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the power supply system electrically connected to the negative secluded Explorer.

70. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least two delay lines is electrically connected with the main secluded conductor and coaxial with the electrode and along the delay line run another delay line, connected electrically with the earth, unconnected with coaxial electrode.

71. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the working fluid contains at least four delay lines, with at least one delay line is electrically connected with the main secluded conductor and coaxial with the electrode and along the delay line run another delay line, connected electrically with the ground or negative secluded Explorer, unconnected with coaxial electrode, and at least one delay line electrically connected with the mines is of delays, connected electrically or by earth or with the main secluded Explorer, unconnected with the other coaxial electrode.

72. The accelerator on PP.1 and 60, characterized in that the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator contains a restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field, is arranged to hold the weight of a magnetic field component parts of the accelerator so that items do not touch the walls of the vacuum chamber.

73. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, characterized in that the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator magnetic field includes at least four wires deduction made parallel to the wire delay lines, wires deduction is made symmetrically with respect to the wire delay line, and two wires deduction made under the wire delay lines and two wires deduction is made on wire delay line, and the wire retention is configured to be supplied with current of reverse direction relative to the current wire delay line, and wire retention and wire delay lines are covered with a magnetic film containing magnets, this film contains ferromagnetic material, and iravani in different directions.

74. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the poles of the magnets are oriented along the directions of the currents in the wires.

75. The accelerator on PP. 1, 3, 60, 72, 73, wherein the wire retention withheld on weight insulating cables, made inside the insulating tube, and the ends of the cables fixed in the walls of the vacuum chamber.

76. The accelerator on PP. 1, 60, 72, 73, wherein the wire retention are connected to each other by four by the insulating rings made from an insulator.

77. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the insulating cables attached, at least one ring.

78. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the insulating cables attached, at least one insulating frame made in the form of a square frame from the prison.

79. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that at least one of the ends of the wires deduction is connected through the switch with the power supply system.

80. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that at least one of the ends of the wires deduction is connected through the switch to ground.

81. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the>82. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the wire delay lines connected to the restraint system on the weight elements of the accelerator by an electric field.

83. The accelerator on PP.1, 60, 72, 73, characterized in that the wire delay lines are connected through rectifier with additional secluded conductors delay lines, performed on the insulating cables.

84. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 62, wherein the source of electromagnetic radiation in the form of a laser.

85. The accelerator on PP.1 and 60, characterized in that the wire delay lines performed in a tube with liquid or gas.

86. The accelerator on PP.1 and 10, characterized in that the electron accelerator contains emission cathode and the accelerating electrodes.

87. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, 10, characterized in that the stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first plates of the first external capacitor connected with the main private wire between the electron source and the electron accelerator is performed on odd surfaces of the plates.

88. The accelerator on PP.Of so, so, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first plates of the first external capacitor connected with the main secluded Explorer, then cover with radioactive material are made on odd surfaces of the plates.

89. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, characterized in that it contains an offline charging device containing a capacitor, with the inner surface of one of the plates of capacitors made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of one sign, and on the inner surface of the other of the plates made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

90. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, characterized in that the internal capacitor has a stand-alone charger, performed on the capacitor plates on the inner surface of one of the capacitor plates are made of the coating containing the radioactive substance is made with the possibility of the second sheath made floor, containing the radioactive substance is configured to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign, and between the plates made the gap and no gap dielectric.

91. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, 90, characterized in that the stand-alone battery chargers are made on the inner plates of the capacitors so that, if you number all surfaces of the plates, starting from the inner surface of the first plates of the first external capacitor connected with the main secluded Explorer, then cover with a radioactive material emitting radiation during radioactive decay electrons are made on odd surfaces of the plates, and cover with radioactive material emitting in the course of radioactive decay of positively charged particles, executed on even surfaces of the plates.

92. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 6, 7, characterized in that the turbine is connected with electrostatic generators, with at least one inner lining of the capacitor is made of at least one electrostatic generator connected to the turbine, and the turbine is performed in a tube with a liquid or gas, the generator viola fact, that turbine is connected to the shaft, the shaft is made conveyor electrostatic generator, and the conveyor is made in the form of a dielectric, insulating tape, while on the inner lining of the capacitor made system discharge points or brushes made with the possibility to be applied to the surface of the conveyor electric charge of the same sign and the conveyor connects the at least two plates.

94. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that along the internal battery of capacitors made pipe with liquid or gas, and liquid or gas in the form of suspended solids are the solids, and the pipe wall is made of alternating serial sections, consisting of regions of two types, electrically connected to the plates of a capacitor, and the material of the site of the first type is made with a positive charge by friction on the material of the solid particles, and the material section of the second type is made with the ability to charge negative charge by friction on the material of the solid particles, when the capacitor is made of the external electrodes with holes, electrically connected with areas of the first type, and Tapa, moreover, the internal electrodes are made within and external to the outer surfaces of the internal electrodes made of emission cathodes, and the capacitors are performed around the sites in the form of a conductive cylinder, with a plot of the second type from the one casing, an external capacitor is connected to the external electrode without holes, and from the other plates of the inner electrode and the outer electrode with holes made between the external electrode without holes and the inner electrode so that the distance between the electrodes was a gap, and the outer electrode with holes made in the form of grid with the ability to provide electrons to freely fly through the net, moreover, the external electrode without holes one of the plates is electrically isolated from the outer electrode with the holes of the other plates. Inside the tube with a liquid or gas made nested in one another conductive pipe, between the pipe made the gaps with the possibility of a free pass in the gap of a liquid or gas, and tubes are electrically connected with each other and with the condenser and is covered with an insulating coating or of the material of the first section, or of a material of the second segment.

95. The accelerator under item 1, Otley is audica fact, the power supply system connected to an external electrical network.

97. The accelerator on PP. 1, 3, 10, characterized in that on the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the one facing the internal capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the other surface of the sheath emission cathodes not, and the other surface covered with a material with a work function greater than 4 EV, while around the inner capacitors completed the induction coil and the induction coil or suspended by insulating the wires with the battery internal capacitors or induction coil is made on the inner surface of the insulating pipe.

98. The accelerator on PP.1, 32, 97, characterized in that the induction coil electrically connected to a standalone charger.

99. The accelerator on PP.1, 32, 97, wherein the induction coil is connected to an external power source.

100. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 31, characterized in that along the internal battery of capacitors made of oscillatory circuits, while the resonant circuit is made around the inner lining of the capacitor and includes a capacitor and an inductor, and the condenser base is in the form of flat rings around the inside of the capacitor, when this lining internal capacitors made in the form of parallel plates, and on the surface of the plate facing to the last plate, an external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the surface of the plates facing the first facing external capacitor, emission cathodes no and the surface is covered with a material with a work function greater than 4 EV.

101. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 31, characterized in that the axis of the coil perpendicular to the inner lining of the condenser.

102. The accelerator on PP.1, 3, 31, characterized in that the resonant circuit or suspended together with internal capacitors for insulating wires, or on the inner wall of the insulating tube of the vacuum chamber.

103. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, 31, characterized in that the resonant circuit is connected at least with one stand-alone charger.

104. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, 31, characterized in that the resonant circuit is made on the inner wall of the insulating tube and electrically connected with an external power source.

105. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 31, wherein the external source includes a source of alternating electric that is round wires, in this case the wires consist of short segments, interconnected by means of capacitors and inductors made with the possibility to change the current in the windings due to mutual induction, and between the plates of capacitors and coils with mutual induction performed gap, in which there is a vacuum.

107. The accelerator on PP.1 and 31, characterized in that around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation, and on the inner surface of the insulating tube is made of the waveguide and the outlet of the source of electromagnetic radiation.

108. The accelerator on PP.1, 31, 107, wherein the waveguide includes conductive rings, and the rings are electrically isolated from each other, and the axis of the ring coincides with the axis of the insulating tube, and the distance between the rings is less than the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation source of electromagnetic radiation, and the parameters of the waveguide consistent with the parameters of the source of electromagnetic radiation so that along the waveguide this radiation could spread.

109. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that around the insulating tube is made of the source of electromagnetic radiation is the emission and propagation of radiation along the waveguide, on the walls of the waveguide between the plates, an external capacitor is made of field modulator of electromagnetic radiation, containing the external capacitor, and between the external plates of the capacitor are made of the internal battery of capacitors, the plates are made in the form of parallel plates, on the surface of the wafer facing the one facing external capacitor made emission cathodes, and on the surface facing the other plate, the emission cathodes is no, and the distance between the plates is much less than the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation, and the plates are connected to each other by an insulating gaskets.

110. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 109, characterized in that at the output of the emitter of electromagnetic radiation made the polarizer.

111. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, characterized in that the stand-alone charger contains an inductive energy storage device, placed in the cryostat, the switching system energy emission cathodes and the electron accelerator, and inductive energy storage is made in the form of a magnetic coil that contains at least one pair of identical superconducting windings, made one along the Yu, contains either more than two pairs of coils of the windings, or more than two pairs of windings are made along one another and powered by currents of opposite directions.

112. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, 111, characterized in that the stand-alone charger is made on the inner lining of the condenser.

113. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, 111, characterized in that the magnetic coil is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, with at least one pipe is made with liquid helium or in pairs.

114. The accelerator on PP.1, 4, 5, 111, characterized in that the magnetic coil is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, with at least one pipe is made with liquid nitrogen or in pairs.

115. The accelerator on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the inner lining of the capacitor is made in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target.

116. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, 115, characterized in that on the surface lining of the internal capacitor, converted to one plate of an external capacitor, run standalone charger.

117. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, characterized in that the plates vnutrennie through the point of the target, and on the surface lining of the internal capacitor, converted to one plate of an external capacitor, run standalone charger.

118. The accelerator on PP.1 to 5, characterized in that the inner lining of the capacitor is connected, at least three insulating cables and configured to hold the insulating cables on weight without contact with other plates, thus insulating the cables, in turn, are held to the cross by the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, and the lining is made standalone charger.

119. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that it contains additional system accelerating electrodes made between the main private guide and point of the target, and an additional device for causing charge transfer, with an additional device for causing charge transfer, contains an internal capacitor, the plates of which are made either in the form of segments of the shapes of rotation, the axis of which lies on the axis passing through the point of the target, either in the form of a figure of revolution with a common axis of rotation, made one within the other, the axis of which passes through the point location microdi in the direction from the main solitary of the conductor to the point of the target, and the most remote point of the target facing additional device electrically connected with the main private guide, additional electrodes coincide with the inner plates of the capacitors are optional devices that causes the charge transfer, and the plates on the axis of the accelerator is a through hole.

120. The accelerator on PP.1 and 10, characterized in that the electron accelerator contains emission electrodes and accelerating electrodes.

121. The accelerator on PP.1, 37, 42, 89, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid connected Autonomous power supply system containing a standalone charger, inside and accelerating trunk made the thread, with the two tabs of the thread is made conductive in the form of electrodes, and the electrodes are electrically connected with the Autonomous power supply system, and the electrodes are connected with wires going to the Autonomous power supply system, on the output side of the accelerating trunk.

122. The accelerator on PP.1, 37, 42, 45, 89, 121, characterized in that inside the main solitary of the conductor made of the feeding system of the accelerated working fluid, the system has a capability of policy or film weighing a few milligrams, moreover, within the system performed conveyor connected to the throttle shaft, is made of an insulator with the opportunity to accelerate the electromagnetic field of the cylinders and to lead them in the rotation when the axis is accelerating shaft coincides with the axis of the accelerator, and the conveyor is configured to serve to accelerate the barrel cylinders, in addition, next to the conveyor executed feeder in the barrel cylinder, in addition, with the device connected to the Autonomous power supply system containing a standalone charger, inside and accelerating trunk made the thread, with the two tabs of the thread is made of conductive material in the form of electrodes, moreover, the electrodes are electrically connected with the Autonomous power supply system, and the electrodes are connected with wires going to the Autonomous power supply system, on the output side of the accelerating trunk, additionally, the supply system in the barrel cylinder, and with the Autonomous power supply system connected to system start-up accelerator, in addition, Autonomous power supply system is configured to control current flowing through the electrodes and the voltage between the electrodes, and the power supply system includes voltmeter and ammeter, at the end of the cylinder in the form of the Federal Assembly of the axis of the cylinder, in addition, the flat end of the cone near its top is made from an insulator ring, and the ring axis coincides with the axis of the cylinder, while the inside of the lip and inside of a truncated cone made magnet, and on the lateral surface of the cylinder around the cylinder made from an insulator insulating the floor, while above the insulating coating around the lateral surface of a cylinder made of metal conductive coating, in addition, at the end of a truncated cone near the apex of the cone is made for placing and fastening of the substance of the accelerated working fluid, made either in the form of the mounting system of macroscopic particles or film, either in the form of a system of needles or blades, made of a material ions which is expected to accelerate, with the fastening system of macroscopic particles or film contains a plot of the magnet is performed on the surface of the protrusion on the end of a truncated cone about its vertices and the surface area of the protrusion is made of a conductive refractory material on the end of a truncated cone ledge near the top of the cone, with the material section of the protrusion satisfies the condition that in the molten state of the material surface area of the protrusion wets the material of the inner h the AET substance, which is made from a macroscopic particle or film, that is, the regional angle when the contact is more than 90 degrees, and the macroscopic particle or a film set at the end of the cone near the apex of the cone so that the axis of the cone passing through the center of macroscopic particles or film, in addition, on the inner surface of the conductive shell of the main solitary of the conductor is made limiter, consisting of a plot of the conductive shell of the main solitary of the conductor through the slot on the axis of the barrel made with the possibility to stop the movement of the cylinder after the departure of the cylinder from the barrel, the width of the slot is less than the cylinder diameter, but larger than the diameter of the protrusion, the distance from the base of the ledge to the top of the protrusion is greater than the thickness of the shell of the main solitary of the conductor in the area of the qualifier, in addition, the delivery system of the accelerated working fluid contains a system reset is performed around the trunk with drop with the axis of the barrel cylinder after the stop cylinder stop, containing connected to the electric motor or turbine blades, and the blade is made in the form of a plate with a protrusion, and the plate is parallel to the axis of the accelerator, and the protrusion of the external surface of the main solitary of the conductor, moreover, the slot limiter is configured to provide movement along the ledge of the cylinder at an angle down, in addition, at the bottom under system reset is executed, the system of collecting cylinders made with the possibility of collecting fallen cylinders dropped down system reset.

123. The accelerator on PP.1, 37, 122, characterized in that the macroscopic particle or film contains a ferromagnetic material.

124. The accelerator on PP.1, 2, 4, 5, 42, characterized in that obkatke internal capacitor run standalone charger, electron source and the electron accelerator.

125. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the cooling system contains a tube with a liquid or gas, and the tube is made so that the portion of the tube is outside the vacuum chamber, and the portion inside the vacuum chamber.

126. The accelerator under item 1, wherein the cooling system comprises upper and lower feed system refrigerant, the upper and lower receiver system refrigerant while the upper feed system of the refrigerant is performed on the upper inner surface of the insulating pipe, and the upper system for receiving refrigerant is made underneath the system coolant supply on the top Prohm, top system for receiving refrigerant is connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, is made from the top element of the accelerator to the bottom of the item accelerator with cooling element of the accelerator, and the lower part of the element is made lower, the system coolant supply connected to the pipe with a liquid or gas, and on the bottom surface of the vacuum chamber under the lower feed system refrigerant in the lower system for receiving refrigerant, connected with the outer part of the cooling system, outside of the vacuum chamber, the system for the submission and examination of the refrigerant is made in the form of sealed chambers with sealed hatches inlet and outlet and pressure valves on the pipes with a liquid or gas, in addition, the system coolant supply is made with the ability to fill a sealed container, a refrigerant, hermetically sealing the hermetic container and drop down, and the system receiving the refrigerant is made with the ability to extract refrigerant from an air-tight container and send an airtight container or up, or sideways, and the refrigerant is performed in the operating temperature range to fill the tube with liquid or gas, and the supply system and prilichnye capacity.

127. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, characterized in that at least one system coolant supply is made with the ability to throw an airtight container.

128. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, characterized in that at least one system for receiving refrigerant is made with the ability to throw an airtight container.

129. The accelerator on PP. 1, 126, 127, characterized in that at least one system coolant supply contains a catapult.

130. The accelerator on PP. 1, 126, 128, wherein the at least one system for receiving refrigerant contains a catapult.

131. The accelerator on PP. 1, 126, 127, characterized in that at least one system coolant supply contains a charger configured to charge a sealed tank electric charge.

132. The accelerator on PP.1, 126, 128, wherein the at least one system for receiving refrigerant contains a charger configured to charge a sealed tank electric charge.

133. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, wherein the at least one gripping system performed on the element of the accelerator held in the weight holding device h is the system of seizure made under the accelerator, held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator.

135. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, wherein the at least one capture system is made from the side of the item accelerator held the weight of the holding device on the weight of the elements of the accelerator.

136. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, wherein the sealed container is made either in the form of a tank with a sealed hatch, either in the form of a container with an airtight hatch.

137. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, wherein the sealed container includes a vacuum pump.

138. The accelerator on PP.1 and 126, wherein the sealed chamber contains a vacuum pump.

139. The accelerator on p. 53, wherein the rod is made curved.

140. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains a source of electrons.

141. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains plasma source.

142. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the supply system of the accelerated working fluid contains the ion source.

143. The accelerator on PP. 1, 2, 4, 5, 42, 124, characterized in that bladstrom, in this case, at least one plate made in the form of a conductive plate and is not connected to another capacitor plate and connected to the holding device on the weight elements of the accelerator, and the accelerator of electrons is performed on the surface of the inner lining of the capacitor facing the particular lining external capacitor, and on the other surface of the sheath of the internal capacitor of the electron accelerator is not.

144. The accelerator on PP.53, 139, wherein the rod is made curved in the direction of the line passing through the center of mass of the first secluded conductor and through the center of mass of the second additional solitary Explorer.

145. The accelerator on p. 53, characterized in that the axis of the first additional secluded conductor perpendicular to the line coming through the center of mass of the conductor and through the element of the accelerator connected to the system stretch.

146. The accelerator on p. 53, characterized in that the first additional insulating a conductor connected to two rods connected one to each end, with an electric capacity of each rod is less than the capacitance of the first conductor is more than ten times.

147. Askerova secluded Explorer more than five times the width of the element of the accelerator.

148. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains microtron.

149. The accelerator on p. 38, wherein the slot is connected with a hole made in the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor, the opening is made below the slot and hole width exceeds the width of the slot.

150. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that in the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor made the hole, the hole is made on the axis of the accelerator, and around the hole made spring so that one end of the spring is connected with the casing and at the other end with a conductive ring, and the ring axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator.

151. The accelerator on PP.1 and 150, characterized in that in the outer shell of the main solitary of the conductor made the hole, the hole is made on the axis of the accelerator, and around the hole made spring so that one end of the spring is connected with the casing and at the other end with a conductive ring, while the ring axis coincides with the axis of the accelerator, and the radius of the inner hole of the ring exceeds the radius of the base of the protrusion of the cylinder but less than the radius of the cylinder.

152. The accelerator on PP. 1, 150, 151, characterized in that Okrug axis.

153. The accelerator on PP. 1, 150, 151, wherein at least two springs, United with the ring installed on the conveyor.

154. The accelerator on PP. 1, 150, 151, 153, characterized in that the conveyor is connected with the stepper motor.

155. The accelerator on PP.1, 150, 151, 153, characterized in that the inside of the ring made the flywheel with the motor and the axis of rotation coincides with the axis of the accelerator.

156. The accelerator on PP.1, 150, 151, 153, characterized in that around the ring from the Central part of the main solitary of the conductor made the hammer and the percussion mechanism, implemented with the possibility to hit the ring, in the center of the ring made of the system of posting accelerated working fluid.

157. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid contains a fiber-optic delay line made of optical fiber connecting device switches from the switches to start the driver with the main secluded Explorer.

158. The accelerator on PP. 1 and 60, characterized in that the system further increase the energy of the accelerated working fluid contains Dutch is of switches, and switches performed on the plus and minus capacitors, and a switch connected via a delay line with a section of coaxial electrodes.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for cooling foil exit window of the electron beam accelerator

The invention relates to pulsed power technology, accelerator technology and can be used to generate high-current high-voltage electric pulses of rectangular shape for powering the accelerator devices, plasma, liner loads, etc

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, namely to electromagnetic devices scan beam used for irradiation of various objects

The invention relates to accelerator technology and radiation technology, and more particularly to equipment intended for radiation modification of organic materials, and can be used for creating the technological lines for the production of radiation-modified polymer films
The invention relates to the field of production of powerful ion beams (MIP) and can be used in accelerators operating in continuous and pulse modes

The invention relates to Electrophysics, specifically to the field of acceleration, transport, and transformation of charged particle beams

The invention relates to accelerator technology and can be used when creating a pulsed high-current relativistic electron accelerators microsecond range

The invention relates to fusion devices and methods, namely, fusion reactors, in which the protons and ionized boron is introduced in a holding magnetic field with certain speeds

The invention relates to the field of plasma technology and fusion and can be used to obtain high-temperature plasma for the purpose of studying its properties and neutron radiation

Nuclear reactor // 2172526
The invention relates to the field of nuclear energy and can be used for energy released in the fusion reaction occurring in the reactor

The invention relates to nuclear technology, and more particularly to a fabrication method of a fusion reactor blanket
The invention relates to controlled thermonuclear synthesis and can be used in the energy sector

Energy source // 2162259
The invention relates to an Autonomous or individual sources of low power long action

The invention relates to the field of nuclear technology and is designed for fission of fissile material monoenergetic neutrons and initiate thermonuclear reactions fission products

The invention relates to a method of stimulating metal systems for the uptake (absorption) of hydrogen and its isotopes (deuterium and tritium) in large quantities

The invention relates to the production of energy by nuclear fusion and, more specifically, to the production of energy by means of anharmonic stimulated fusion of isotopes of hydrogen adsorbed on a crystal lattice

FIELD: mechanical engineering; new type of motor-car engines.

SUBSTANCE: proposed motor-car engine using energy carrier in the form of isotopes of light elements instead of oil products while retaining main structure of up-to-date motor car has following parts: cylinder, piston, crank gear, timing gear, band with conical targets and coils, guide rollers, laser turn-on contact, and power supplies. Timing gear is used to ensure coordinated operation of engine parts including transmission from perpendicular gears coupled with crankshaft, rod, and worm gear that functions to position each conical target against piston center. Driving gear of set of perpendicular gears has no-teeth areas at definite intervals so that at such area driven pinion does not turn and cones carrying band stops moving. In this case laser generates radiation pulse incident on conical target which initiates plasmoid in cone vortex ejecting from this vortex and falling on target.

EFFECT: enhanced environmental friendliness of engine compared with gasoline ones.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Up!