Trap odors (variants) and a system for draining waste liquid

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to traps odors drainage devices or urinals. The technical result is to increase the economy, efficiency, maintainability, increased service life and eliminating the possibility of leakage of oily sealant. Traps odors contains fillable fluid housing with top cover, at least one made it a hole for the passage of fluid in the body located in the housing wall which divides the housing compartment and the discharge compartment, located in the drain cover drain riser with a drain hole, and the top edge of the riser serves as an overflow edge. A housing adapted to there was a certain amount of low-density fluid that forms on the surface located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealer. While in the first embodiment perform the horizontal distance, measured from each at least one hole made in the lid, up to the end walls, along which moves through the trap fluid, more vertical distance izmerennogo is predominantly horizontal. The second option run this distance is more than 30% of the distance, at the height of the lower edge of the partition is equal to the distance from the center of the body to its side wall. Also described is a system for the discharge of waste water, using the specified trap odors. 3 S. and 41 C.p. f-crystals, 2 tab., 18 Il.

This application is a partial continuation of application for U.S. patent N 08/548281 dated October 25, 1995 and application PCT N PCT/US95/16064 dated December 11, 1995, filed under the same name "Drain trap odors with horizontal flow and limited leakage of oily liquid sealant".

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to the sealing traps odors for not washed urinal, do not emit fumes floor drain traps, etc. and more specifically to an improved internal design traps odors with oily liquid sealant, which serves as a seal oil remains in the trap for more time and protected from exposure to high pressure water used for washing.

Background of the invention

Simultaneously with the acute the in the toilets and urinals with a minimum consumption used for wash water, which would significantly reduce the requirements not only to water but also to the Sewerage system wastewater loading are due to population growth, more and more is becoming critical.

Existing sanitary norms require that the urinals were equipped with a sealed trap odors, which must not miss out gases and odors generated in the sewer system; usually this function is performed by well-known traps P-type or S-type, in which the seal is left in the urinal part used for wash water. This arrangement is quite effective and eliminates the possibility of the spread of odors from behind the trap effluent sewer pipe, however, is facing up to the surface in the trap fluid is free and is communicated with the surrounding space and therefore removal of the trap residual urine and avoid noticeable odors released in the trap fluid urinal constantly wash thoroughly with water; the consequence of this is the large consumption of water, Koshevoy and easily accessible, normal wash water urinals and toilets with unlimited water consumption was unique and held essentially a monopoly position. However, in recent years, the threats associated with possible and existing today, water scarcity, caused serious concerns ecological character and led to the understanding of the need to store water, as evidenced appeared relatively recently toilets with low water consumption.

With the appreciation of the water and the tension of the budget to the potential use of various kinds do not consume water urinals became more and more to attract the attention of various public organizations, relevant services at the municipal level and at the state level, penal institutions defensive profile, institutions associated with entertainment and leisure, and services that is responsible for state parks. In the last time there was not water-using urinals with traps odors with oily liquid sealant. However, the applicant has found that the main factor associated with the wide dissemination of such urinals, is the low cost of their care, which is essential Abrazame depends on the internal design of the trap odors. In this regard, the applicant came to the conclusion about the necessity to introduce into the existing design of the collector of certain improvements, which are aimed, first, to reduce leakage of oily seal of the trap in terms of its normal operation, and secondly, to prevent unacceptable losses oily liquid sealant while although not required all the time, but sometimes possible flushing of the urinal water high pressure.

Main objective of the present invention is to provide an improved trap smells oily liquid sealant for not washed urinal or do not emit fumes floor drain trap, which not only eliminates the need for installation in the drain line trap P-type, while also meeting accepted in the United States sanitary standards, but also is economical and simple in maintenance and Assembly device, which at low requirements for maintenance, reliable and works efficiently, or, if we talk about the safety and the service life used in the trap oily liquid sealant, the main objective of the invention is to provide a trap so what about the service due to the fact, that individual separated from the main mass of oily drops of the sealant due to its own buoyancy drift in the fluid flow and returned to the basal layer of oily sealant.

Another object of the invention is the creation of such a trap odors, which can be easily installed and easily removed from the permanent drainage devices located at the end of the wastewater sewer system.

Another objective of the invention is to provide a trap odors, design and device which prevents leakage of oily liquid seal when possible leaching trap high-pressure water.

The existing level of technology

The use of oil in the toilets for education trap odors was first proposed in German patent N 121356 (Beck and others) and in U.S. patent N 1050290 (Posson) and 4028747 (Newton).

As examples of other traps with oily liquid sealant can be called a trap, described in the patent Sweden N 606646 (Ernst), which is known under the trademark SYSTEM-ERNST.

Precast cylindrical, made in the form of a cartridge that traps odors for not washed urinal, proposed the e continuation application 08/512453, submitted 08.08.95 belongs to the category of fill over the edge of the coaxial traps with oily liquid sealant, which have a cap that is located below the vertical is made in the form of a tube part.

Known traps odors, containing the main fillable fluid housing having a top cover at least one made in the lid hole through which essentially all of the current flowing through the collector of the liquid flows into the housing, located in the housing wall which divides the housing compartment in which at least one hole made in the lid that comes flowing through the collector of the liquid, and the discharge compartment, in which the trajectory below the partition wall of the receiving compartment comes flowing through the collector of the liquid located in the drain cover drain riser, the upper edge of which serves as an overflow edge, which determines the level in the body fluid and which through its bottom outlet communicating with the external drain line, and a housing adapted to there was a certain amount of low-density liquid, which, when the casing C is located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealer (see DE 2816597, E 03 D 13/00, 11/18, 06.09.1979).

A known system for the discharge of waste water containing drainage surface element (see DE 2816597, E 03 D 13/00, 11/18, 06.09.1979).

The main indicator of traps odors with oily liquid sealant for not washed urinal is the amount of oily liquid sealant, which after a time and depending on the frequency of use of the urinal is carried away from the catcher in the conditions of its normal operation. Indicator of the quality of such traps is also the possibility of partial or total leakage oily liquid sealant in the special conditions, consisting of an optional, but really inevitable washing it with water high pressure. Although some modern trap smells oily liquid sealant is substantially different in a positive sense from the earlier versions, however, currently there is still a need for further improvement in part of the above aspects related to the preservation of their oily liquid sealant, such improvements are proposed in the present invention.

The essence izobret main fillable with fluid body, with the top cover, at least one made in the lid hole through which essentially all of the current flowing through the collector of the liquid flows into the housing, located in the housing wall which divides the housing compartment in which at least one hole made in the lid that comes flowing through the collector of the liquid, and the discharge compartment, in which the trajectory below the partition wall of the receiving compartment comes flowing through the collector of the liquid located in the drain cover drain riser, the upper edge of which serves as an overflow edge, which determines the level in the body fluid, and which through its bottom outlet communicating with the external drain line, and a housing adapted to there was a certain amount of low-density liquid, which, when the case is filled up to the level of the overflow edge passing through the trap liquid forms on the surface located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealer, horizontal distance, measured from each at least one hole made in the lid, up to the Deposit, measured from the level of the overflow edge to the lower edge of the partition, while the trajectory of the fluid flow under the baffle is predominantly horizontal.

In addition, the partition wall has a vertical section located in the upper part of the body, and non-vertical, the area that stretches towards the discharge compartment and begins at the lower edge of a vertical section of a partition.

Non-vertical section of a partition is tilted up from the bottom edge and it sent up a separate separated droplets having a low density fluid.

The main part of the motion path of fluid flow is located directly under the layer having a low density fluid.

The partition wall has an inclined portion which is located directly above the main part of the motion path of fluid flow and provides a passage up the individual separated droplets having a low density fluid, which returned to the basal layer having a low density fluid.

The body is a essentially a cylinder, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the radius of the cylinder.

P what about the side wall, measured at the height of the lower edge of the partition, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the size of the body.

The housing has an essentially constant radius at the site, located along the entire height of the vertical section of the septum, which essentially goes down inside the case.

The building is situated in its upper part adjacent to the at least one inlet hole closed top pocket which is having a low density liquid, which sweeps temporarily moves in this pocket of water used for flushing the trap, which prevents leakage from the trap floating water having a low density fluid.

The trap further comprises a vent hole, which is located in the upper part of the housing and communicates with the pocket.

The top cover is tilted downwards, and at least one hole is located in the lower part of the sloping cover, and a pocket located under the upper part of the sloping cover.

The trap further comprises used as a special tool supporting element, which is inserted inside drains shall I carry the body.

The trap further comprises a number having a low density liquid filling the casing tube, which is tightly inserted into the drainage riser, and an adhesive label, which closed at least one hole, which together with tube keeps having a low density liquid inside.

The casing is made from plastic.

The casing is made of plastic selected from the group comprising polyethylene, polypropylene and glass fibre reinforced polyester.

Having a low density fluid, which is filled case, is an oily liquid.

Having a low density fluid, which is filled case, is an aliphatic alcohol.

In the chain of the aliphatic alcohol contains from nine to eleven carbon atoms.

The density of the low density of the fluid filling the case, not higher than 0.9.

These tasks according to the second variant is solved by the fact that in the trap odors, containing the main fillable fluid housing having a top cover, at least one made in the lid hole, through which all proteous the mustache on the receiving compartment, in which at least one hole made in the lid that comes flowing through the collector of the liquid, and the discharge compartment, in which the trajectory is located under the wall of the receiving compartment comes flowing through the collector of the liquid located in the drain cover drain riser, the upper edge of which serves as an overflow edge, which determines the level in the body fluid and which through its bottom outlet communicating with the external drain line, and a housing adapted to there was a certain amount of low-density liquid, which, when the case is filled up to the level of the overflow edge passing through the trap liquid forms on the surface located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealer, horizontal distance, measured from each at least one hole made in the lid, up to the end walls, along which moves through the trap liquid, more than 30% of the distance, at the height of the lower edge of the partition is equal to the distance from the center of the body to its side wall. In addition, the partition has vertikalny compartment and begins at the lower edge of a vertical section of a partition.

Non-vertical section of a partition is tilted up from the bottom edge and it sent up a separate separated droplets having a low density fluid.

The main part of the motion path of fluid flow is located directly under the layer having a low density fluid.

The partition wall has an inclined portion which is located directly above the main part of the motion path of fluid flow and provides a passage up the individual separated droplets having a low density fluid, which returned to the basal layer having a low density fluid.

The body is a essentially a cylinder, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the radius of the cylinder.

The radius of the cylinder is equal to approximately 5 - 6,4 see

The housing has a size equal to the distance from its center to the side wall, measured at the height of the lower edge of the partition, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the size of the body.

The housing has an essentially constant radius at the site, located along the entire height of the vertical section of the septum, which essentially pass the m-inlet closed top pocket, which is going to have a low density liquid, which sweeps temporarily moves in this pocket of water used for flushing the trap, which prevents leakage from the trap floating water having a low density fluid.

The trap further comprises a vent hole, which is located in the upper part of the housing and communicates with the pocket.

The top cover is tilted downwards, and at least one hole is located in the lower part of the sloping cover, and a pocket located under the upper part of the sloping cover.

The trap further comprises used as a special tool supporting element, which is inserted inside the drainage riser and has tabs that engages with at least one aperture and is used to carry the body.

The trap further comprises a number having a low density liquid filling the casing tube, which is tightly inserted into the drainage riser, and an adhesive label, which closed at least one hole, which together with tube keeps having low pliz plastic, selected from the group comprising polyethylene, polypropylene and glass fibre reinforced polyester.

Having a low density fluid, which is filled case, is an oily liquid.

Having a low density fluid, which is filled case, is an aliphatic alcohol.

In the chain of the aliphatic alcohol contains from nine to eleven carbon atoms.

The density of the low density of the fluid filling the case, not higher than 0.9.

The horizontal distance exceeds the screen size more than 50%.

These tasks stated in the object system are solved by the fact that the system for the discharge of waste water containing drainage surface element includes a trap odors, made by any of the above options, and surface drainage element provides the direction of the flow through it of fluid in the at least one hole.

In addition, drainage of surface element represents a wall-mounted urinal.

Drainage surface element is an element that is installed on the floor.

In izobreteniya of traps with a predominantly vertical flow flowing through the collector of the fluid, what's in it, thanks to its special design and arrangement of the fluid flow on the main part of its path is predominantly horizontal and flows in the area in which the individual separated from the main mass of oily drops of the sealant due to its buoyancy is moved in the opposite direction to the main mass of oily sealer or without any additional impact on them, or using the guide inclined partitions. This design significantly limits the leakage of oily liquid sealant into the sewage system.

The proposed trap odors has a low cost of manufacture and consists of two molded plastic parts, in particular of the main body and the cap/septum, which can be individually cast from plastic and connected to each other by thermal welding in one piece having the form of a replaceable cylindrical cartridge, which is filled with liquid sealant and then sealed for shipment from place to place a special seal, which after installation of the cartridge into place the appropriate method is removed.

Necessary maintenance cartridge, i.e., PR is about directly executed on the spot.

Having an appropriate shape of the cartridge can easily hand to insert at the right place, and set in place the cartridge is held by the forces of friction in the hole covering its body, which is in the form of individual parts can be installed in the drain opening of the urinal or in the floor drain hole of the sewer system. For cleaning of the drainage system, or if necessary, replace the trap odors can be removed from the chassis using a simple hand tool.

In order to avoid unacceptable leaks oily liquid seal when the flushing of the urinal water high-pressure internal form of the trap is such that the inside of the trap has formed the walls of the closed space, which at the time of rinsing temporarily going oily sealant.

Brief description of drawings

The above and other objectives, features and advantages of the present invention more fully disclosed in the following description, which is illustrated by the following attached drawings:

Fig. 1 - cross section of a known coaxial trap smells oily liquid sealant;
< is part of the trap, it is shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 2 is a diagram illustrating the principle of operation proposed in the present invention trap with a predominantly horizontal flow of liquid;

Fig. 3-4 scheme, which is conventionally depicted two different configuration of the partitions proposed in the present invention filled over the edge of the coaxial trap odors;

Fig. 5-8 scheme, which is conventionally depicted different configuration of the partitions proposed in the present invention the coaxial trap odors with a Central filling;

Fig. 9 is a General view of a perspective view of a cylindrical used as trap odors cartridge with a Central fill,

Fig. 10 is a depiction of a perspective view in section of the options proposed in the present invention is made in the form of a cartridge trap odors with horizontal flow, which has a cylindrical body and a non-axial inner construction with vertical and horizontal partitions and offset from the Central axis is made in the form of a tube drain riser;

Fig. 11 - image option, alternative, shown in Fig. 10, in which one of the walls of the discharge riser is made in SEM the invention of the cartridge, similar to the cartridge shown in Fig. 10 or 11, and differs from them in that to further reduce leakage from the cartridge drops of oily sealer, separated from the main mass, the bottom wall is made inclined;

Fig. 13 is a cross section of another preferred option proposed in the present invention the cartridge;

Fig. 14 - example image wall urinal installed in his trap odors;

Fig. 15-18 - image of the individual parts of the preferred option of the cartridge shown in Fig. 13: Fig. 15 is a bottom view of the top; Fig. 16 - the picture is a perspective view its middle part; Fig. 17 is a depiction of a perspective view of the lower part (the upper and lower parts shown dash-dotted lines; Fig. 18 is a depiction of a perspective view of manual tube that can be used in this embodiment of the cartridge.

Detailed description of the invention

In Fig. 1 shows a cross-section of the mid-plane of fill over the edge of the trap 10A smells the above-described construction, which is made in the form of a cylindrical cartridge.

Trap 10A of smell has a basic fill fluid housing 14 with the level located in the housing 14 of the liquid and across the top edge of which the liquid is discharged into the sewage system. The upper part of the cartridge is made in the form of a cap 16 with a vertical wall 16A, which is lowered into the casing 14 and divides it into internal drain compartment and located around the external compartment. Remaining in the cartridge urine 18 reaches the upper overflow drain region is made in the form of a vertical tube riser 14A and in accordance with existing sanitary norms together with above it the internal cavity of the cap 16 serves to trap gases and prevents their selection out of the waste pipe of the Sewerage system.

In the receiving compartment of the cartridge on the surface of urine in it 18 is a layer consisting of an oil lighter than water or urine of the seal 20, which forms the gate, preventing the penetration of outside odors in the cartridge 10A urine 18.

When using the urinal enter it on top of the urine is divided from the outer edge of the cartridge into individual drops that pass through the layer of oily liquid sealant 20 and mixed with the bulk located in the cartridge urine 18. As the water drops of urine into the cartridge located in the cartridge urine 18 flows over the top edge of the riser 14A and under the action of self is out shown in Fig. 1 the design of the vertical wall 16A. The operating experience of such traps suggests that in the process of their use there is a partial leakage of the contained liquid oily sealer. Leakage of oily liquid sealant from such traps is as follows: whenever the use of the urinal in the trap fluid turbulence occurs or foaming, as a result, despite the natural buoyancy of the oil seal 20, due to its low density and lack of affinity with water/urine, individual drops of oily sealant is separated from the main mass and move downwards together with the main flow flowing in the outer compartment of urine. Due to the natural buoyancy the speed of such individual falling down drops of oily sealant gradually decreases and at a certain speed downstream of urine and a certain depth of the layer some of these are still in the outer compartment drops completely lose their speed and begin to rise up against the flow of the main flow of urine, gradually joining located on top of a layer of liquid oily uppergrade 16A in the inner compartment 13, in which they are due to its buoyancy acceleration upwards and together with urine first into the riser 14A, and then into the sewer.

The present invention, based on the above-described improved the working principle of the cyclone, which proposes a new design of its internal devices can be implemented in the form of trap smells, the shape of which generally resembles the shape of a cylindrical trap odors, shown in Fig. 1, and which can be inserted inside of the drain socket of the urinal, which is receiving portion 12A of the urinal with a conical transition, adjacent the upper edge of the outer wall of the fluid-filled main body of the trap 10A smells, and the lower cylindrical end, which is outside covers trap 10A and is connected to the adapter, which in the lower part of the plot has 12V with a reduced cross-section and is connected in turn common for plumbing connection method external Sewerage system.

In Fig. 1A simplified schematically shows the left half of the symmetric relative to the Central axis C-C' shown in Fig. 1 cartridge showing a liquid Massa. Obviously, in the cartridge of this design with vertically located partition 16A urine moves along a vertical trajectory 22: first, as shown in the drawing down in the outer compartment, and then up in the inner compartment, with only small areas around the lower edge of the walls 16A and the upper edge of the vertical tube 14A, urine flows in a horizontal direction. Separated from the main mass of oily drops of the sealant to return back only on the trajectory 22 of the flow of the liquid drops of oil, which is under oily liquid sealant 20; and therefore, the cartridge respective indicator, which characterizes the effective length of the horizontal path of movement of oily liquid sealant, which is carried out in the urine drops of oily sealer return to his main layer is the size of X. In the usual trap odors, which belongs to the category of traps, performed according to the type of trap shown in Fig. 1 and 2, in which the inner radius R of the main fluid-filled housing 14 is equal to 5.4 cm and outer radius walls 16A is 4 cm, the horizontal size of X, within which is carried out smeroe the ratio X/R, characterizing the internal structure of such a cartridge is equal to 14.8 per cent.

Shown in the drawings, the dimension X is approximately equal to the average value of the horizontal components of the vectors X stream flowing through the cartridge liquids, measured from the middle of the inlet opening (i.e., from the middle point at which the current flowing through the collector of the liquid enters the oily sealant) to the furthest point along the portion of the motion path of fluid flow with drops of oil on which they can return to the main layer (i.e., to the lower edge of the partition). Although the invention the magnitude of X is considered as an approximate value, it is preferable that the flow path is essentially all of the current flowing through the collector of fluid which may be oil droplets, had a component of X, i.e. that no significant part of the current flowing through the collector fluid from leaking along the trajectory, which it would not have from the point of view of the functioning of the proposed invention the cartridge effect, i.e., if the cartridge extra holes volumetric flow rate of flowing fluid should be minimal.

The vertical component of the vector trajectory movement is th edge of the tube 14A to the lower side walls 16A. In the alternative to the characteristics of the cartridge, you can use the ratio X/Y, the largest of which it is possible to estimate the effective slope of the trajectory of the fluid flow; i.e., in particular, when X/Y < 1, the flow is predominantly vertical, and when X/Y > 1, the flow is predominantly horizontal.

The lack of traps odors of this type is fully leak oily liquid sealant, which occurs during the flushing of the urinal water of high pressure and relatively small width of the outer cover and the lack of located around the inlet section having a suitable size formed by the walls of the closed space, in which under the action of the wash water could be temporarily collected oily liquid sealant, remaining inside the trap and not blending with the water into the sewage system.

In Fig. 2-8 schematically in simplified form to illustrate the principles underlying the present invention, which is aimed at preserving oily liquid sealant, shown cross-sections of different versions of the design implementation proposed in the invention of the cartridge. For simplicity, each axis of the cross section. Although depicted on all of these design drawings are coaxial and symmetrical relative to the Central axis, however, the basic principles of the invention can be implemented in other coaxially and/or asymmetrical structures, in particular in cartridges with a rectangular or cylindrical housings and coaxially internal design.

In Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating the basic principles of the present invention, which shows a trap odors 10V new design, where instead of vertical partitions, as shown in Fig. 1 and 1A, is used partition that is at least partially completed non-vertical and provides a predominantly horizontal flow of liquid, and that this is fundamentally different from known and described above cartridges with a fully vertical wall and substantially vertical stream of flowing fluid.

It is shown in Fig. 2, the partition wall has a vertical section 15A, forming a vertical wall drain riser 14A and inclined, essentially close to the horizontal section 16B, which is tilted upwards to the lid 16C is titsa liquid, shown in the drawing is conventional and forms a fluid flow, which is essentially a constant depth, but actually within this area the thickness of the fluid flow in varying degrees may vary.

Shown to the left inlet 16D stream of liquid flows to the right. In the path of fluid flow, there are two shown on the drawing area 22A and 22B, which carry out the oily sealant drops can return back to its base layer. At site 22A, which starts at the inlet, the flow is horizontal, and the fluid passes under the main mass of oily sealer 20. Then on the section 22B of the fluid flow with tilt moves down, while remaining the walls slope 16B is predominantly horizontal. In the plane of the vertical walls 16A in the direction of flow of the fluid flow changes dramatically, and the liquid begins to rise up, then getting the same as in the cartridge shown in Fig. 1 and 1A, the way into the drain.

It is obvious that both blocks 22A and 22B of the motion path of fluid flow is predominantly horizontal, and these are fundamentally different from those shown n the Fig. 2 paths of length X almost all carry out oily seal drops, which moves upward in the moving stream of fluid, moving back into the main mass of the oily liquid sealant 20. At site 22A oily layer of sealant 20 is located directly above the liquid, and the plot 22B inclined wall 16B changes the direction of movement of the individual rising up in the fluid flow drops oily seal, which, as shown round by the arrows, move along this inclined partitions and returns to the main mass of the oily liquid sealant 20. Because the return process is carried out drops of the sealant in its core layer is on both plots the trajectory of the fluid flow, the size of X, which is equal to the total length of the path on which drops of oily sealant returns to the main mass of the seal is equal to the sum of the horizontal components of these two sites.

It is shown in Fig. 2 cross-section can have cartridges with coaxial cylindrical structure, in which the Central axis passes through line C-C', as indicated in the drawing by item 14 of the outer wall of the cylindrical body lies in plaphol reverse position shown in Fig. 2 cross-section, in which the inlet opening is located in the center and its axis coincides with the axis D-D' and the outer wall of the cylindrical body lies in the plane C-C'.

It is possible to perform the proposed invention is a cartridge that has not cylindrical, and the other the shape of the case, in particular, rectangular with the same, as shown in Fig. 2, the cross-section. In addition, the alternative may be running and unbalanced uniaxial cartridge, in which the side walls of the housing lie in the planes C-C' and D-D'.

A cartridge having a coaxial structure with the cross-section shown in Fig. 2, should have a smaller height and a larger diameter than the cartridges with the cross-section shown in Fig. 1. A practical limitation of the height of the cartridge is the minimum depth in the trap fluid, which must conform to the established norms, which determine the magnitude of the gas pressure in the sewer system, and which, in particular, according to U.S. regulations should be 2 inches (50.8 mm), and by European standards - 50 mm, subject To the restrictions determined by the size of existing urinals, the maximum outer diameter of conventional televising approximately 90 mm (3.54 inch). For normal operation with such limited sizes will be better this design is shown in Fig. 2 the basic variant, in which between the partitions 16A, 16B will not be free space, and the top wall 16C will be made in the form of a cover.

The basic principles and benefits shown in Fig. 2 rounds, from the point of view of safety used in the oily liquid sealant may be in accordance with the present invention implemented in a variety of design the traps odors, reviewed below are examples of constructive execution and devices which are determined by the requirements for certain specific requirements.

In Fig. 2 shows the design of the fill over the edge of the trap 10C smells with a partition, which, as shown in the drawing, consists of a vertical upper section 16A and an inclined section 16B forming the trajectory 22 of the flow of fluid, during which drops of oily sealer return to its base layer and the horizontal length X which is equal to the distance from the midpoint of the inlet to the extreme point of the inclined section 16B of the partition.

Shown on the th point along the inclined part 16B of the partition between its extreme shown in these two drawings regulations however, the inclined portion 16B of the partition should be performed as it is shown on the drawings, without fundamentally changing its main purpose and maintaining unchanged the size of the X.

It is shown in Fig. 4 trap 10D smells is a modification of the trap shown in Fig. 3, and the existing wall 16B is made inclined. In the part of the trajectory 22 of fluid flow and size X this trap is practically no different from the cyclone shown in Fig. 3.

In Fig. 5 shows the trap 10TH smells with a Central inlet opening and a partition consisting of a vertical upper section 16A and a horizontal bottom portion 16B, which, as shown in the drawing, has the shape of the outer flange. In this form of the partition, the trajectory of the fluid flow has the form of a bent line, consisting, as shown in the drawing, the upper portion 22A and a lower portion 22B. Because this trap wall 16B has no tilt, then return carry out the liquid drops of the oil seal in the main layer occurs only on the upper part 22A of the motion path of fluid flow. In this case, those drops of oily sealant that fall into the zone trends n the measures X, which is equal to the length of the trajectory of the fluid flow, which carry out the oily drops sealer return to its base layer, is determined in this embodiment, the length of the upper section 22A of the motion path of fluid flow.

It is shown in Fig. 6 trap 10F smells is a modification of the trap shown in Fig. 5, and has, as shown in the drawing, the inclined lower portion 16B of the partition, which due to its slope provides on site 22V motion path of fluid flow returns to the main layer carry out the liquid drops of the oil seal and together with the upper part 22A of the motion path of fluid flow increases, as shown in the drawing, the value of the horizontal size of X depends on the number of leaves trap oily liquid sealant.

It is shown in Fig. 7 trap 10G smells is a modification of the trap shown in Fig. 6, and is made in the form of a conical flange wall 16B, the angle of inclination of the upper surface which is opposite to the angle of its bottom surface and prevents deposition on the upper surface of the partition dirt, which can on the frame in Fig. 6.

It is shown in Fig. 8 trap 10H smells is the reverse of the above coaxial traps with a Central inlet hole design and is characterized by predominantly horizontal motion path of fluid flow, which is defined by the presence of a simple vertical walls 16A, located inside the walls 14A' drain riser, the height of which determines the location of the overflow edge. Wall 14A', which is surrounded by the outer wall adjacent the bottom to the outer perimeter of the cover 16C, is attached to the outer edge of the bottom wall 14B, forming a simple form and is made in the form of a cylinder main fluid-filled housing 14 with radial ribs (not shown), which are used for installation in covering the cover 16C or into the drain hole 12B. If there is a Central inlet fall into the trap fluid flow therein in the radial direction of the incline, but mostly horizontal path 22 and comes as shown in the drawing, to the lower side walls 16A, going the distance X, which determines the length of the trajectory on which the return is carried out by liquid oily drops the e cross-section located above oily liquid sealant empty space, form of which is determined by the inclination of the top cover of the trap. It is triangular in cross-section space performs a very important function and form serves as a collection of closed top portion of the interior space of the trap (pocket), in which during the flushing of the urinal water high pressure is going oily liquid seal, which in the absence of such pockets may just be squeezed out by the flow of water in drainage system that actually occurs in the known traps shown in Fig. 1 and 1A the designs that have the usual vertical wall 16A and essentially vertical path of the stream of flowing fluid stream.

In Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing a General view of the preferred option proposed in the present invention is made in the form of a cylindrical cartridge 101

trap odors with a Central inlet opening 16D. The upper surface of the Chuck has a cone shape and is inclined at a slight downward angle to the Central axis, on which is located the inlet opening 16D, a closed filter mesh or made by a perforation in the form of small diameter and accordingly grouped holes, by 1/2" (11,4 cm), the height is approximately 2 3/4" (7.0 cm). As noted above, the dimensions of the existing urinal impose specific restrictions on the size of the trap. Thus, in particular, the radius of the trap should preferably lie in the range of 2 to 2 1/2" (5-6,4 cm). To the surface of the cartridge was smooth and resistant to etching, it is preferable to mold made of polyethylene or other suitable for these purposes, of plastics, for example polypropylene, copolymer of Acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene or polystyrene. As a material for the manufacture of the cartridge, you can also use glass fibre reinforced polyester. In addition to the above it is possible to use other suitable materials. Usually the main body 14 and cover with baffle 16 are cast in the form of two separate parts which are then joined to each other, forming one finished product, access to the inside of which, as a rule, is not required. The internal design of the cyclone 101 allows after pouring it oily seal tightly close the inlet opening 16D (bottom drain hole, which in Fig. 9 not shown, also sealed in the same or in another way), thus having the totally is rite holes 16D can be used for example, adhesive sealing plate with the appropriate label with a printed instruction manual and necessary information about the product.

In Fig. 10 shows a perspective view of a cross section of a cylindrical trap 10J smells with a Central inlet and offset axes of the inlet and drain holes (for the best image design trap fluid not shown). The partition of this trap consists of two flat parts: one vertical section 16A, which is from the bottom to the top wall and toward the right from the intake holes 16D. To the lower edge of the vertical section 16A of the partition adjacent the second flat horizontal section 16B, which completely covers the entire left side of the trap 10J. In the horizontal section 16B of the partition at its most remote from the vertical portion 16A of the edge of the round hole E, the dimensions of which coincide with the sizes of holes 16D. Hole E is communicated with the lower chamber of the trap, which is limited by the bottom flat bottom wall 14B, the right edge which is raised and forms are made in the form of a tube drainage riser 14C, the upper edge of which serves as the overflow Kremle fluid. In the drawing by arrows 22A and 22B shows two plots of the trajectory of the fluid flow, one of which, namely 22A determines the size of X, which characterizes the length of the trajectory, which is the return of the separated oily drops of the sealant in its base layer.

In Fig. 11 shows an interceptor 10K smells, the wall of which is made similarly to the partition shown in Fig. 10, in which, however, in contrast to the variant shown in Fig. 10, the drain riser 14D formed flat vertically standing wall 14D, which is made integral with the bottom wall 14C, and the inner wall of the main body 14 of the trap 10L smells, which is preferably manufactured in a single molded part together with the wall 14C.

In Fig. 12 shows a cross-section of the Central plane of the trap odors, having a very important feature that can be implemented in both of the two shown in Fig. 10 and 11 versions of the seal. In the form shown in Fig. 12 seal horizontal section 16B partitions are made inclined and provides a more efficient return separated from the oily sealer drops in his main layer 10. This design differs molelnogo plot the trajectory of the fluid, which is the process of return was separated from the oily sealer drops in his main layer, due to the presence of the inclined portion 16B of the partition which has an additional impact on this process.

It is easy to see that the cross section is shown in Fig. 10 and 11 are broadly consistent with the cross-section shown in Fig. 5, and the cross-section depicted in Fig. 12, largely coincides with the cross-section shown in Fig. 6. However, if in Fig. 5 and 6 shows a cross-section of the preferred embodiment of the design of the traps with a fully coaxial internal device and symmetric about the Central axis C-C' of the outer housing, shown in Fig. 10-12 traps axis of the inlet and drain holes are displaced relative to each other and their partitions are made flat rather than cylindrical.

The relative effectiveness of the above seals refund separated oily drops of the sealant in its base layer, which can be defined by the ratio of the effective horizontal length X of the trajectory of the fluid in the trap to the radius R of the body of the trap, can be assessed after the s, that, however, these values are not restricted.

An alternative indicator of the relative effectiveness of the above examples of traps in terms of returning the separated oily drops of the sealant in its base layer can serve as the value of the slope of the trajectory of the liquid drops of oil X/y table. 2 shows examples of calculated values of the relations X/R for the above options, which, however, these values are not restricted.

In preferred embodiments proposed in the present invention traps the location of the inlet and drain holes, the geometry of walls and other structural features determine the predominantly horizontal movement flowing through the collector fluid. In some preferred embodiments proposed in the invention of traps odors value of X/R is greater than 30%, which, as follows from the table that distinguishes them from the known traps with essentially vertical fluid flow. Table 1 suggests that proposed in the present invention traps this value exceeds 50% and at least 15% higher than the known traps. If the X/Y exceeds 1.0, whereas in the known traps this index is less than 1.0. It should be noted that it is possible and the other is made in accordance with the proposed invention the principle of traps where the X/R and/or X/Y, worse than in the preferred embodiments, and which therefore differ from them in the worst way.

It should be recognized that one dimensional parameter X/R only a first approximation to evaluate the effectiveness of the trap, for a more accurate assessment of the quality of the trap should be used Duratherm parameter, which allows to take into account is located above the path of movement of the fluid flow effective horizontal portion of the path on which there is a return of oily drops of the sealant in its base layer. For more accurate estimates of traps you can use a three-dimensional parameter, which allows to take into account the viscosity of liquids, width, depth and length of the stream and its velocity at different points of individual sections of the trajectory of the fluid stream.

The relative effectiveness of different traps, which is determined by the parameters listed in the tables above, characterizes the traps during normal regimenes of traps, which, as mentioned above, are the result of this is protected from unacceptable leakage oily liquid seal when the flushing of the urinal water high pressure. In this regard, in accordance with yet another aspect of the present invention in any of its proposed of traps has a closed top portion of the internal space, which may be collected oily liquid sealant. For example, in the traps shown in Fig. 10 to 12, this space (which in Fig. 12 indicated by the position of T) or pocket is part of the receiving compartment, through which during the flushing of the urinal on the connecting line between the inlet opening 16D with a hole E in the partition, is a stream of high pressure water, which affects oily liquid seal and press it into the washing process in both sides of the pocket. The possibility of the formation in the traps of such servants the collection of oily liquid sealant areas (pockets) is ensured by the presence of the inclined top cover of the trap and the large volume of the receiving compartment.

In the best case scenario serves as a collection of oily liquid seal closed the top of the space (pocket) is Calistoga sealer. For while washing, to accelerate the process of extrusion oily liquid seal in the pocket, in the trap, you can do one or more vent holes providing access to the outdoors inside trap air. For example, in the trap, which is shown in Fig. 12, is used for this one ventilation hole 16F located at the top of the trap. The diameter of the ventilation holes 16F, on the one hand, to allow passage through it of air, and on the other hand, to restrict the passage of fluid through it, and in the preferred embodiment, preferably equal to 1-2 mm Best vent run, as shown in the drawing, the top cover of the trap. In this case, the extruded during leaching through the vent hole to the outside oily liquid sealant will flow downward along the upper surface of the cover through the suction port 16D and go inside the trap in the main layer of oil in it.

In Fig. 13 shows another preferred option proposed in the invention of the trap odors. In the form shown in Fig. 13 trap used a number to the metering cross section of the 10M trap odors with different axes of the inlet and drain holes. Partition this trap has a generally vertical portion 16A, which bottom is adjacent to the top wall of the trap and moved to the right from the intake holes 16D, and a horizontal portion 16B, which bottom is adjacent to the vertical portion 16A of the partition and is pulled towards the left wall of the casing of the trap 10. The horizontal part of the partition does not fully overlap the inner cavity of the trap and at its most remote from the vertical portion 16A of the partition region there is a hole E. Hole HE leads into the lower compartment of the trap, which bottom is limited to the bottom wall 14C. The right edge of the bottom wall 14C is made in the form of a tube drainage riser 14C. The top edge of the drainage riser 14C determines the position of the overflow edge and level in the trap fluid. Arrows 22A and 22B on the drawing shows two plots of the trajectory of the fluid flow, which determine the size of X, which characterizes the portion of the motion path of fluid flow, which returns the separated oily drops of the sealant in its base layer, which, as shown in Fig. 12 the trap, equal to the sum of (X1+ X2) the relevant sections of the trajectory of buoyant oily liquid sealant 20. All the way, which passes through the collector of the liquid 18, consists of the following areas; (a) section 22I at the entrance to the suction port 16D, b) of section 22A above the partition, (C) section 22B under the partition, d) plot 22P rise to overflow the edge of the drainage riser 14C and perlaza through it, and (e) of section 22D drain from the drainage riser 14C.

In Fig. 15-18 shows one of the preferred variants of the constructive execution of the trap, which is schematically depicted in Fig. 13. In this embodiment, the trap consists of a top cover 150 (Fig. 15), a middle portion 160 (Fig. 16), the lower portion 170 (Fig. 17) and tube 180 (Fig. 18). Top cover 150 has an essentially cylindrical side wall 151, made with tilt-down top wall 152 and located in the center of the upper wall of the inlet opening 153. The slope of the upper wall 152 is the same as the slope of the top cover shown in Fig. 13. The inlet opening preferably in the form of three shown in the drawing holes 154, located in the Central part of the upper wall. On the cover preferably two sealing ribs 155, the gap between them is sealed by a partition wall 165.

The middle part 160 consists of an outer wall 161 and peregorodoki has a straight upper edge 167, forming on the edge of the septum hole 168 for the passage of fluid.

The lower portion 170 of the trap consists of an outer wall 171, a bottom wall 172 and a raised drain riser 173. Drain the riser preferably in the form located above the bottom wall 171 cylindrical tube with upper and lower holes 175 and 176, respectively. The bottom edge 174 of the lower part of the trap can be performed, as shown in the drawing, the conical.

When assembling the trap outer wall 161 of the middle part of a tight fit inside the side of the outer wall 151 of the upper cover and the partition wall 165 fits tightly into the gap between the ribs 155. The assembled wall 151 height only covers part of the wall 161. Then on the lower part of the side wall 161 densely clothed cylindrical side wall 171 of the bottom, while the drain riser 173 the bottom of the trap should be located to the right of the vertical portion 165 partitions. The assembled trap is sealed construction with hermetically separated from each other adoptive and drain compartments.

In Fig. 18 is shown having a handle tube 180, which is used in this latest version of the trap. Tube 180 prepact the Tinqueux 184 of the tube. The shape and dimensions of the tube provide the possibility of its dense drainage installation in riser 173. After installing the tube into the hole 176 and sealing of holes 153 a special seal (in particular, the label with adhesive back side) prefilled adequate amount of oily liquid sealant assembled and ready to use traps odors can be easily transported from place to place. The shape and dimensions of the L-shaped latches correspond to the shape and size of the holes 154 and, therefore, when installing the tube 180 into the drain riser clamps are holes 154 and, after rotating the tube in the direction of arrow L (Fig. 18) under the L-shaped clamps will be located in the top wall 152. With the handle tube 180 is a essentially a device which can be used for the hermetic closure of the new, not used trap odors and to extract dirty, filled with waste water trap odors. Although the tube and the handle is preferably in the form of one part 180, however in different seals depending on the need for these purposes you can use different parts, with each specific trap odors can and is of Italia 20 preferably exposed to biochemical decomposition oily liquid. It is preferable to use as the seal 20 of the liquid, which includes an aliphatic alcohol containing 9 to 11 carbon atoms in the chain, whose density at 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20oC) is 0,84. As the functioning of the urinal of the type in question is the difference between the density of the oily liquid and the density of the urine, which is close to 1, then the oily liquid should have the lowest possible density, which preferably should not exceed 0,9 or, preferably, should be less than 0.9. Liquid seal 20 preferably should have a very low affinity with water so that the liquid seal and urine in the physical sense had such a strong repellent action that between them arose neither chemical nor any other interaction, in addition to the purely physical separating them from each other, accompanied by the formation of urine/water separate small droplets, which can pass freely down through the layer of liquid sealant. For ease of maintenance and easier identification liquid seal 20 is usually painted in the appropriate color, such as blue.

On Phi is oznaczony the drawing position 10. Shown in the drawing urinal 140 represents the urinal wall type, which is attached to the wall at some distance from the floor (not shown). It is shown in Fig. 14 urinal only illustrates the application of the proposed invention the traps odors, which, obviously, can be used in various types of urinals. Especially it should be emphasized that the invention is in no way limited to the above wash water urinals. Proposed in the invention, the trap odors can be used in a variety of surface drainage systems and other similar systems. In particular, as used in the proposed liquid seal traps better protects the system from allocation of evaporation than water, the present invention can find wide application as a floor drain devices, while, in particular, the problem of gas leakage from Sewerage systems inherent in outdoor drainage devices with conventional trap S-type, which is exposed, in particular, a complete failure of the seal due to the evaporation of the remaining water trap and are often filled with fresh sealant, especially in matsaki, to implement and practically implement the invention in other specific forms. The options considered should in all their aspects to be considered only as illustrating and in no way limiting the invention, the basic meaning of which is not stated in the above description and in the attached claims. In addition, the invention covers all possible variations, substitutions and changes which by their sense and the volume does not go beyond those listed in the claims of points.

1. Traps odors, containing the main fillable fluid housing having a top cover, at least one made in the lid hole through which essentially all of the current flowing through the collector of the liquid flows into the housing, located in the housing wall which divides the housing compartment, through which at least one hole made in the lid that comes flowing through the collector of the liquid, and the discharge compartment, in which the trajectory below the partition wall of the receiving compartment comes flowing through the collector of the liquid located in the drain cover drain riser, the upper edge of which is pereliva communicating with the external drain line, moreover, the housing adapted to there was a certain amount of low-density liquid, which, when the case is filled up to the level of the overflow edge passing through the trap liquid forms on the surface located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealant, characterized in that the horizontal distance, measured from each at least one hole made in the lid, up to the end walls, along which moves through the trap fluid, more vertical distance measured from the level of the overflow edge to the lower edge of the partition, thus, the trajectory of the fluid flow under the baffle is predominantly horizontal.

2. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the partition wall has a vertical section located in the upper part of the body, and non-vertical portion which is elongated in the direction of the drain cover and starts at the lower edge of a vertical section of a partition.

3. Traps odors under item 2, wherein the non-vertical section of a partition is tilted up from the bottom and going upwards separate the m the bulk of the motion path of fluid flow is located directly under the layer having a low density fluid.

5. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the partition wall has an inclined portion which is located directly above the main part of the motion path of fluid flow and provides a passage up the individual separated droplets having a low density fluid, which returned to the basal layer having a low density fluid.

6. Traps odors according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the casing is a essentially a cylinder, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the radius of the cylinder.

7. Traps odors under item 6, characterized in that the radius is equal to approximately 5-6,4 see

8. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the housing has a size equal to the distance from its center to the side wall, measured at the height of the lower edge of the partition, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the size of the body.

9. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the housing has an essentially constant radius at the site, located throughout the Vittel smells on p. 1, characterized in that the housing is located in its upper part adjacent to the at least one inlet hole closed top pocket which is having a low density liquid, which sweeps temporarily moves in this pocket of water used for flushing the trap, which prevents leakage from the trap floating water having a low density fluid.

11. Traps odors under item 10, characterized in that it further comprises a ventilation hole, which is located in the upper part of the housing and communicates with the pocket.

12. Traps odors on p. 11, characterized in that the top cover is tilted downwards, and at least one hole is located in the lower part of the sloping cover, and a pocket located under the upper part of the sloping cover.

13. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that it further contains used as a special tool supporting element, which is inserted inside the drainage riser and has tabs that engages with at least one aperture and is used to carry the body.

14. Traps odors under item 1, tlapallan case, tube that is hermetically inserted into the drainage riser, and an adhesive label, which is closed, at least one hole, which together with tube keeps having a low density liquid inside.

15. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the casing is made from plastic.

16. Traps odors under item 15, wherein the casing is made of plastic selected from the group comprising polyethylene, polypropylene and glass fibre reinforced polyester.

17. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the low-density liquid, which is filled case, is an oily liquid.

18. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the low-density liquid, which is filled case, is an aliphatic alcohol.

19. Traps odors under item 18, characterized in that chain aliphatic alcohol containing from nine to eleven carbon atoms.

20. Traps odors under item 1, characterized in that the density of the low density of the fluid filling the case, not higher than 0.9.

21. Traps odors, containing the main fillable liquid is flowing through the collector of the liquid flows into the housing, located in the housing wall which divides the housing compartment, through which at least one hole made in the lid that comes flowing through the collector of the liquid, and the discharge compartment, in which the trajectory below the partition wall of the receiving compartment comes flowing through the collector of the liquid located in the drain cover drain riser, the upper edge of which serves as an overflow edge, which determines the level in the body fluid, and which through its bottom outlet communicating with the external drain line, and a housing adapted for so there was a certain amount of low-density liquid, which, when the case is filled up to the level of the overflow edge passing through the trap liquid forms on the surface located in the receiving compartment of the liquid layer floating liquid sealant, characterized in that the horizontal distance, measured from each at least one hole made in the lid, up to the end walls, along which moves through the trap liquid, more than 30% of the distance, at the height of the lower edge Perigord is the, that wall has a vertical section located in the upper part of the body, and non-vertical, the area that stretches towards the discharge compartment and begins at the lower edge of a vertical section of a partition.

23. Traps odors under item 21, wherein the non-vertical section of a partition is tilted up from the bottom edge and it sent up a separate separated droplets having a low density fluid.

24. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the main part of the motion path of fluid flow is located directly under the layer having a low density fluid.

25. Traps odors under item 21, wherein the partition wall has an inclined portion which is located directly above the main part of the motion path of fluid flow and provides a passage up the individual separated droplets having a low density fluid, which returned to the basal layer having a low density fluid.

26. Traps odors according to any one of paragraphs.21 to 25, characterized in that the casing is a essentially a cylinder, and the horizontal distance is at least 30% of the radius of the cylinder.

29. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the housing has an essentially constant radius at the site, located along the entire height of the vertical section of the septum, which essentially goes down inside the case.

30. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the housing is located in its upper part adjacent to the at least one inlet hole closed top pocket which is having a low density liquid, which sweeps temporarily moves in this pocket of water used for flushing the trap, which prevents leakage from the trap floating water having a low density fluid.

31. Traps odors on p. 30, characterized in that it further comprises a ventilation hole, which is located in the upper part of the housing and communicates with the pocket.

32. Traps odors under item 31, wherein the top cover is inclined downwards, and p is the upper part of the sloping cover.

33. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that it further contains used as a special tool supporting element, which is inserted inside the drainage riser and has tabs that engages with at least. one hole and used to carry the body.

34. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that it further contains a number of low-density liquid filling the casing tube, which is tightly inserted into the drainage riser, and an adhesive label, which is closed, at least one hole, which together with tube keeps having a low density liquid inside.

35. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the casing is made from plastic.

36. Traps odors on p. 35, characterized in that the casing is made of plastic selected from the group comprising polyethylene, polypropylene and glass fibre reinforced polyester.

37. Traps odors under item 21, wherein the low density of the fluid filling the housing, is an oily liquid.

38. Traps odors is alifaticheskii alcohol.

39. Traps odors on p. 38, characterized in that chain aliphatic alcohol containing from nine to eleven carbon atoms.

40. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the density of the low density of the fluid filling the case, not higher than 0.9.

41. Traps odors on p. 21, characterized in that the horizontal distance exceeds the screen size more than 50%.

42. System for the discharge of waste water containing a surface drainage element, characterized in that it includes a trap odors, made according to any one of paragraphs.1-41, and surface drainage element provides the direction of the flow through it of fluid in the at least one inlet opening.

43. The system according to p. 42, wherein the drainage surface element represents a wall-mounted urinal.

44. The system according to p. 42, wherein the drainage surface element is an element that is installed on the floor.

 

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