The heat source for heating liquids

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a device for heating the liquid and can be used for heating buildings. The heat source for heating liquids, having a cylindrical body with a cyclone accelerator fluid flow in its lower part, the brake device in the upper part of the housing, an outlet connected to the cyclone through the bypass pipe, and the connection is made at the end of the cyclone coaxially him, the end of the cyclone angle is 10oto its radial cross-section, and the outer wall of the injection nozzle at the entrance to the housing is equipped with a guide vane attached to the end of the cyclone. The external wall of the injection nozzle and the guide vane made on a logarithmic spiral with the length of the guide blades more than R/2, where R is the inner radius of the shell, and the cyclone and the cylindrical housing is made of the same radius. The technical result is to increase thermodynamic efficiency of energy conversion. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to a device for heating of buildings and structures.

Known heat /1/ containing sealed spherical quintiliani. The disadvantage of this boiler - high working pressure up to 1000 bar.

The closest in technical essence is the heat source for heating liquids /2/ having a cylindrical body with a cyclone accelerator fluid flow in its lower part, the brake device in the upper part of the housing, an outlet connected to the cyclone through the bypass pipe, and the connection is made at the end of the cyclone coaxially him.

The disadvantage of this boiler - low thermodynamic efficiency of energy conversion.

The purpose of the invention is to increase thermodynamic efficiency of energy conversion.

This goal is achieved by the fact that in the heat for heating of liquids having a cylindrical body with a cyclone accelerator fluid flow in its lower part, the brake device in the upper part of the housing, an outlet connected to the cyclone through the bypass pipe, the end of the cyclone angle is 10oto its radial cross-section, and the outer wall of the injection nozzle at the entrance to the housing is equipped with a guide blade 10 attached to the end of the cyclone. The external wall of injec more than R/2, where R is the radius of the inner shell. The cylindrical housing and the cyclone made of the same radius.

Due to the fact that the end of the cyclone angle is 10oto its radial cross-section, the outer wall of the injection nozzle at the entrance to the housing is equipped with a guide blade, and the outer wall of the injection nozzle and the guide blades made on a logarithmic spiral with the length of the guide blades more than R/2, where R is the radius of the inner shell. Provided that the cyclone and the cylindrical housing is made of the same radius, there is an acceleration and twisting flow with minimal loss of energy, which causes the increase termodinamicheskoi efficiency of energy conversion.

In the analysis of the prior art in order to verify the novelty of the proposed heat source not found counterparts to set the above listed characteristics. Therefore, the described technical solution meets the criterion of "novelty."

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of a heat generator for heating the liquid, Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 - section b-b In figure 1.

The heat generator comprises a cylindrical housing 1 with cyclone 2 - scaricarevideo several ribs 4, attached to the outer surface of the braking device. For the brake device 3 is the outlet 5. At the entrance to the cyclone 2 tangentially mounted injection nozzle 6 with the outlet 7. The exhaust pipe 5 is connected to the cyclone 2 via the bypass pipe 8. The connection is made at the end of the cyclone 9 coaxially him. With the end of the cyclone 9 is installed at an angle of 10oto its radial cross-section, and the outer wall 10 of the injection nozzle 6 at the entrance to the cyclone 2 is equipped with a guide blade 11 attached to the end of the cyclone 9. The external wall of the injection nozzle 10 and the guide blades 11 made on a logarithmic spiral with the length of the guide blades more than R/2, where R is the inner radius of the shell, and a cylindrical housing 1 and the cyclone 2 made of the same radius.

Works heat as follows.

When applying a liquid injection pipe 6 fluid under pressure 0.4-0.6 MPa sent to the cyclone 2, the accelerator movement. When passing through the inlet 7 by friction forces fluid partially heated. In the cyclone 2 is the acceleration of the fluid and its twisting. With a swirling motion in cylindricus is ojdenie through the braking device 4 kinetic energy of liquid drops, that leads to a further increase of the temperature of the liquid. Due to the fact that the end of the cyclone 9 is installed at an angle of 10oto its radial cross-section, the outer wall of the injection nozzle 6 at the entrance to the housing 1 provided with a guide blade 10, and they are made on a logarithmic spiral with the length of the guide blades more than R/2, where R is the radius of the inner shell. Provided that the cylindrical body 1 and the cyclone 2 made of the same radius, there is an acceleration and twisting flow with minimal loss of energy, which causes an increase in thermodynamic efficiency of energy conversion.

The experiments showed that for the same amount of electricity consumed in the proposed water heat source is heated on 15oC higher than the heat-prototype.

For the manufacture of a heat source in an industrial environment using standard equipment and materials.

Literature

1. SU 458591, CL F 25 B 29/00, 1972.

2. EN 2045715, CL F 25 B 29/00, 1995.

1. The heat source for heating liquids, having a cylindrical body with a cyclone accelerator fluid stream, in its lower part, the brake device is eat the connection is made at the end of the cyclone coaxially him, characterized in that the end face of the cyclone angle is 10oto its radial cross-section, and the outer wall of the injection nozzle at the entrance to the housing is equipped with a guide vane attached to the end of the cyclone.

2. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the external wall of the injection nozzle and the guide blades made on a logarithmic spiral with the length of the guide blades more than R/2, where R is the radius of the inner shell.

3. Heat generator according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the cyclone cylindrical body made of the same radius.

 

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