Pneumo-hydraulic converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy

 

(57) Abstract:

The device is designed to convert the thrust hydrostatic pressure into electrical energy. Part of the Converter includes: a housing partially filled with liquid, in which there is provided an endless belt transfer system open containers, each of which includes a vortex chamber, and a pneumatic system by tube feeding compressed gas, provided with a mechanical dispenser portion of the compressed gas. The walls of the vortex chamber are the walls of an open tank. Manual dispenser made in the form of an external hollow cylinder with a groove in the form of a ring segment and it is associated with the inner cylinder in the form of a rotary slide valve with longitudinal slots with tabs on the ends that interact with moving open vessels, and the securing position. The design of the Converter improves the efficiency of the device. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to the field of hydro and can be used in a pneumatic converters mechanical energy into electrical energy with the working body in the form of an endless belt, mainly producing technical nature of the claimed is a pneumo-hydraulic Converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy, comprising a housing partially filled with liquid in which the transfer system is open containers, comprising placed at different heights shafts with transmitting elements and an endless belt covering transmitting elements, on the outer surface of which is attached an open container, the pneumatic system by tube feeding compressed gas, placed in the lower part of the housing, and an electric power generator connected to the shaft (application Germany N 2408682, CL F 03 B 9/00. op. 1975). In the known Converter open container made in the form of bell-shaped floats, the transmitting elements of the shafts are in the form of gear wheels with grooves, and tube feeding compressed air is placed near the lower gears.

A disadvantage of the known pneumatic-hydraulic Converter is its low efficiency, due to the fact that as a useful driving force that causes rotation of the shaft connected to a generator of electricity, use only the Archimedes force is determined by the volume of the bell-shaped floats filled with compressed air. Additionally, when the work of renowned Converter from the nozzle of the compressed gas is fed a constant stream of compressed air, while the capacity of the incoming compressed air being wasted, which leads to the decrease of the total energy conversion efficiency, i.e. to decrease the effectiveness of the Converter.

The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the pneumatic-hydraulic Converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy.

The solution of the stated problem is provided by a new air-hydraulic Converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy comprising, a housing partially filled with liquid, in which the transfer system is open containers, comprising placed at different heights shafts with transmitting elements and an endless belt covering transmitting elements, on the outer surface of which is attached an open container, pneumomassage with tube feeding compressed gas, placed in the lower part of the housing, and an electric power generator connected to the shaft, while the composition of each open vessel enters the swirl chamber, together with the inner cavity of the tank, a pipe equipped with a pneumatic system, at least one mechanical pump dispenser portion of the compressed gas, made in the form of concentric spaced paired cylinders, and the outer hollow cylinder connected to the pipe and supplying the grooves and securing position, fitted with end protrusions that interact with moving open vessels, and the length of the longitudinal groove is larger than the width of the ring segment. Preferred: mechanical dispenser to perform with two grooves, having the form of annular projections, and with two systems of tabs at opposite ends of the rotary slide valve; end nozzle of the pneumatic system to perform branching and branch to place symmetrically relative to the center of the mechanical dispenser; position lock rotary dispenser to perform in the form of spring-loaded balls located in the cylindrical groove of the rotary slide valve, and holes in the wall of the hollow cylinder, uniformly distributed in the cavity orthogonal to the axis of the spool and passing through the centers of balls; a vortex chamber to perform in the form of a rounded wall, two lateral and one sloping wall, this rounded wall and the side walls are the walls of an open tank, a sloping wall made with holes and connects the curved wall with the edge of an open tank; a sloping wall to perform in the form of a trapezoid, a large side of which connects with a rounded wall, and less connected with the edge of an open tank; the volume of the vortex to gloy.

In the claimed pneumo-hydraulic Converter in the composition of each open vessel entered the swirl chamber, which allows the process of filling an open tank of compressed gas to expand hydraulic gas flow generated by the capture particles of the liquid jet gas, and thereby forming a reactive movement during the injection of this thread. In the vortex flow occurs radially directed pressure gradient, which is transferred to the surface of the vortex chamber, providing an additional force, contributing to the rise of an open tank. Experiments have allowed to establish that the introduction of the open vessel wireway chamber, which communicates with the internal cavity of this capacity can be obtained in addition to the Archimedean force additional lifting force and thereby increase the efficiency of the Converter. Preferably a vortex chamber to perform as an integral part of an open tank, for example, a rounded wall and two side walls of the vortex chamber can simultaneously serve as the walls of an open tank, with a sloping wall of the vortex chamber, separating the open container into two parts, runs with holes, which ensures the completion of all internal the inner most side of the trapezoid with rounded wall, and down with the edge of an open tank, as along with simplifying the design while ensuring a uniform filling of the vessel with compressed gas. Preferably a vortex chamber to perform a volume constituting 60-70% of the total volume of an open tank, because when less than 60% of the reduced amount of the additional lifting force due to the vortex flow, and when more than 70% of the complicated design of an open tank. Bottom wall opened containers should be performed rounded, because this reduces the hydraulic resistance when moving in open vessels and thus reducing unproductive losses in the process of converting mechanical energy. Introduction to the pneumatic system of one or more mechanical dispensers placed at the outlet of the compressed gas can further increase the efficiency of the Converter, due to the fact that each portion of the compressed gas coming from the dispenser in the open capacity is strictly corresponds to the volume of this container, and thereby practically eliminated unproductive losses of compressed gas. Manual dispenser is in the form of concentric spaced paired cylinders, and the outer floor is atom in the form of an annular segment, from which is output the compressed gas. The inner cylinder is in the form of a rotary slide valve with longitudinal grooves, the longitudinal length of the groove is larger than the width of annular groove of the outer cylinder, which allows to form at the intersection of these grooves directed jet of a slit shape. At the end of the rotary slide valve has protrusions that are installed with the possibility of their interaction with the edge of an open tank when it is moving in the area of location of the dispenser, while ensuring the rotation of the rotary slide valve. Part of the rotary slide valve includes clips of his position. Preferably the latch position to perform as placed in the groove of the rotary slide valve, a compression spring with balls placed at the ends of the springs, and holes in the wall of the outer cylinder, evenly distributed around the circumference and located in a plane orthogonal to the axis of the spool and passing through the centers of the balls. When combining the beads with holes fixing position of the rotary slide valve. Manual dispenser actually performs the function of position sensor open tank since the beginning of the rotation of the rotary slide valve occurs when the edges of the open container with the protrusion of the I, when the edge of an open tank breaks contact with the tab dispenser. Preferably mechanical dispenser to perform with two grooves, having the form of annular projections, placing them symmetrically relative to the center dispensers, and two systems of tabs at opposite ends of the rotary slide valve. Thereby is achieved a uniform filling of the internal cavity of the vortex chamber and an open tank and simultaneously increases the operational reliability due to uniform distribution of mechanical forces on the rotary slide valve. This contributes to the fulfillment of the end pipe of the pneumatic system with extensive placement of branches symmetrically relative to the center of a mechanical dispenser.

The attached drawings depict: Fig. 1 - General view of the pneumatic-hydraulic Converter, Fig. 2 - open the capacity of the swirl chamber (cross-section), Fig. 3 - same (side view), Fig. 4 - mechanical dispenser portion of the compressed gas (side view), Fig. 5 - the same (cross-section).

Pneumo-hydraulic Converter comprises: a casing 1, a partially liquid filled-2 host system 3 move open containers consisting of RA the NT is not specified), covered by an endless belt 6 and is fixed on its outer surface an open container 7, and fixed with fastening elements-8; in each open vessel enters the swirl chamber-9, consisting of a rounded wall 10, two side walls 11, 12 and sloping wall 13 having a trapezoidal shape; the support elements 14, the pneumatic system-15 socket 16 compressed gas that has at least one manual dispenser-17 portion of the compressed gas, consisting of two concentric spaced paired cylinders, and the outer hollow cylinder 18 provided with a slot 19 in the form of a ring segment and an inner cylinder made in the form of a rotary slide valve-20 has longitudinal grooves 21 and the projections-22 at the ends; mechanical dispenser is equipped with a securing position-23, each of which contains two ball 24,25 and the spring 26 located in the cylindrical groove 27 of the valve and the holes 28 in the wall of the outer cylinder, uniformly distributed floor of a circle and placed in the plane orthogonal to the axis of the spool and passing through the centers of the balls; and a gas receiver-29.

The housing 1 preferably in the form of a cylindrical tank with cover, which raised tupasela from the pneumatic system 15, you can use air, neutral gas or gas mixture, it is required to comply with the basic requirement is the specific weight of the liquid 2, partially filling the casing 1 must exceed the specific gas compressed gas. It is preferable to use air at a pressure of 1.5 MPa. System 3 move the opening 7 is in the form of two or more (at higher capacity inverter) shaft 4, provided with support elements 5, which are covered by the endless belt 6. You can use multiple endless belts, for example, the use of multiple circuits with the appropriate number of supporting elements. The endless belt 6 can be made in the form of a set being in mesh moving parts, for example, in the form of a caterpillar tractor or tank. Transmitting elements 5, which are supplied with the shafts 4 are in the form of gears, sprockets or convex corrugated surfaces. Open container 7 are evenly distributed along the endless belt 6 and are attached to its outer surface by means of fastening elements 8. To increase operational reliability, you can use several fastening elements distributed over the width of the endless belt 6. Ogranichitel is an independent nodes, embedded in an open container 7 and connect with their inner cavities. However, it is preferable to perform a vortex chamber 9, as an integral part of an open tank 7, for example, to use a rounded wall 10 (see Fig. 2) and side walls 11, 12 of the vortex chamber (see Fig. 3) as the walls of an open tank (see Fig. 1). Sloping wall 13 of the vortex chamber 9 perform with holes, connecting it with the internal cavity of an open tank. Preferably sloping wall 13 in the form of a trapezoid (see Fig. 3). Mechanical metering device 17 includes an external cylinder 18, the wall of which is a groove 19 in the form of a ring segment (see Fig. 5), and coupled with it the inner cylinder, made in the form of a rotary slide valve 20 (see Fig. 4) with longitudinal grooves 21. The outer cylinder 18 are made of metal, the rotary valve 20 of metal or plastic. The rotary valve 20 on the ends has projections 22, made for example in the form of rods. Depending on the form of an open tank can be used, a different number of tabs. It is preferable to use the four tabs in the form of rods, arranged at an angle of 90 degrees to each other. To improve the mechanical strength of the mechanical dispenser 17 suppose is authorized (see Fig. 4). When significant power Converter can be used several mechanical pipettors 17, which are evenly distributed along a line corresponding to the length of the edge of an open tank 7.

Pneumo-hydraulic Converter operates as follows. When you move an open tank 7 filled with liquid 2, in the zone of a mechanical dispenser 17 its edge in contact with the ledge 22 and begins to rotate the rotary valve 20. After crossing the longitudinal groove 21 with a groove 19 having the shape of a circular segment, in the vortex chamber 9 is supplied slit hydraulic gas stream. An exclusion of liquid filling an open container 7 and filling it with compressed gas. The swirl chamber 9 expands hydraulic gas flow and provides for the formation of additional effort on the walls of the chamber, thereby increasing the total lift force. After filling in an open tank 7, the edges of its leaves contact with the ledge 22 of the mechanical metering device 17, the balls 24, 25 push-UPS by the spring 26 into the slots 28 and the fixing rotary slide valve 17. The lifting force is created filled with a compressed gas open vessels located on one side of an endless belt 6 in safety. After passing an open tank 7 above the upper conveying element (not specified) it is again filled with liquid 2. Moving an endless belt 6 provides the rotation of the shaft 4 and connected through a gear-multiplexer electricity generator (not shown) produces an electric current of the desired frequency.

Manufactured and successfully tested prototypes declared a pneumo-hydraulic Converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy. The effectiveness of the claimed pneumo-hydraulic Converter for more than 35% more efficient than known through the creation of additional lifting forces generated by the eddy chambers, and by eliminating the unproductive consumption of compressed gas through the use of its dosing. An additional advantage of the claimed pneumo-hydraulic Converter is its high operational reliability due to simplicity of construction and reliability of mechanical dispenser portion of the compressed gas.

1. Pneumo-hydraulic Converter of mechanical energy into electrical energy, comprising a housing partially filled with liquid, which made the cops and an endless belt, covering transmitting elements, on the outer surface of which is attached an open container, the pneumatic system by tube feeding compressed gas, placed in the lower part of the housing, and an electric power generator connected to the shaft, characterized in that the composition of each open vessel enters the swirl chamber, together with the inner cavity of the tank, a pipe equipped with a pneumatic system, at least one mechanical pump dispenser portion of the compressed gas, made in the form of concentric spaced paired cylinders, and the outer hollow cylinder connected to the pipe and provided with a groove in the form of an annular segment, as the inner cylinder is made in the form of a rotary slide valve with longitudinal grooves and securing provisions, provided on the end protrusions that interact with moving open vessels, and the length of the longitudinal groove is larger than the width of the ring segment.

2. The Converter according to p. 1, characterized in that the mechanical dispenser is made with two grooves having the shape of ring segments, and the two systems of tabs at opposite ends of the rotary slide valve.

3. The Converter according to p. 2, characterized in that concenience mechanical dispenser.

4. The Converter according to p. 1, characterized in that the locking position of the rotary slide valve is made in the form of spring-loaded balls located in the cylindrical groove of the rotary slide valve, and holes in the wall of the hollow cylinder, evenly distributed around the circumference and located in the plane orthogonal to the axis of the spool and passing through the centers of the balls.

5. The Converter according to p. 1, characterized in that the swirl chamber contains a rounded wall, two side and one flat wall, with a rounded wall and two side walls are the walls of an open tank, a sloping wall made with holes and connects the curved wall with the edge of an open tank.

6. The Converter according to p. 5, characterized in that the sloping wall of the vortex chamber has a trapezoidal shape, with a large side-line connected with rounded wall, and a lower - edge of an open tank.

7. The Converter according to p. 1, characterized in that the volume of the vortex chamber is 60 - 70% of the total volume of an open tank.

8. The Converter according to p. 1, characterized in that the bottom wall of the open vessel has rounded.

 

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