Cleansing-washing paste (options)

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a paste-like means for washing tableware - metal, glass, porcelain, crystal and simultaneously cleaning of tiles and sanitary wares. The paste contains, wt%: natural aluminosilicate material 20-30; sodium polyphosphate 3-10; nonionic, or a mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactants 8-12; phosphorus-containing complexone 0.2 to 1.0, and water. The second option paste contains, wt%: natural aluminosilicate material 20-30; sodium polyphosphate 3-10; soap liquid, obtained by the saponification of the soap stock of vegetable oils with caustic soda content of fatty acids of not less than 40% 8-12; anionic surfactants 1-3; phosphorus-containing complexone 0.2 to 1.0, and water. The technical result - high cleaning, washing and thixotropic properties of the paste, its versatility in use for treatment of surfaces of various materials. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 1 table.

The invention relates to a paste-like means for cleaning porcelain, glass, crystal, earthenware dishes, cleaning tile, sinks, toilets, etc. , cleaning and polishing metal dinnerware - silver, Nickel silver, bronze, aluminum and. etc.

Known for is kaolin, bentonite, Aerosil, or a mixture thereof (ed. St. USSR N 1809842, 1993 [1], ed. St. USSR N 1838448, 1993 [2]).

Removing dirt when their use is based mainly on the effect of etching with ferric chloride (III), as in the paste [1], or using a mixture of acetic, malic, citric and other acids, as in the paste [2].

To address ecological disadvantages pastes [1] and [2] created pasta (RF patent N 2088692, 1997) [3], which is the closest to the claimed.

Famous pasta contains natural aluminosilicate material - Cambrian clay, cationic surfactant - UNIFLOC, pulverized silica and water. Etching agents known pasta does not contain. The cleaning effect it achieves mainly due to the abrasive action of pulverulent silica and partly silicates contained in the clay.

Surfactant - UNIFLOC in the famous pasta generally performs the role of stabilizer necessary for the stability of the paste as patterns, because by its nature it can be attributed to concentrated emulsions, which must have thixotrope properties, i.e., do not break down during storage and transportation of product.

Washing dei is that its application is limited to metal Cutlery.

The present invention - creation on the basis of natural aluminosilicate material universal cleansing detergent paste, suitable for washing porcelain, glass, crystal, earthenware dishes, cleaning tiles, sanitary wares, as well as cleaning and polishing metal tableware from various materials.

To solve the problem of the inventive pasta contains aluminosilicate material, a surfactant and water, it additionally contains a polyphosphate of sodium and phosphorus-containing complexone, and as surfactants - nonionic surfactant or mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactants in the following ratio, wt.%: the aluminosilicate material 20 to 30, polyphosphate sodium 3 - 10, phosphorus-containing complexone 0.2 to 1.0, nonionic surfactant or mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactants 8 - 12, water - the rest.

According to the second variant of the inventive pasta contains aluminosilicate material, a surfactant and water, it additionally contains a polyphosphate of sodium and phosphorus-containing complexone, and as surface-active veset not less than 40% 8-12, and anionic surfactant 1 to 3 in the following ratio, wt.%: the aluminosilicate material 20 to 30, polyphosphate sodium 3 - 10, phosphorus-containing complexone 0.2 to 1.0, soap liquid, obtained by the saponification of the soap stock of vegetable oils with caustic soda content of fatty acids of not less than 40% 8 - 12, anionic surfactant 1 - 3, water - the rest.

The invention consists in the following.

Polyphosphate sodium in the presence of nonionic surfactant or mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactant has a high detergent action against the pollution of different nature. Moreover, due to its chemical nature, sodium polyphosphate, being inorganic complexing agents, in the treatment process binds pollution, turning them into complexes, which are easily adsorbed aluminosilicate material such as clay or kaolin, not allowing them to "settle" on the already cleaned surface.

The presence in the paste organic phosphate complexone develops this effect, creating complexes with metal ions present in rust, which is formed, for example, sanitary products because p is th, including cold. Simultaneously with the above-described process, the aluminosilicate material exhibits its own natural cleaning properties (abrasive), and combined with washing effect detects soft polishing properties, leaving coarse scratches when cleaning, for example, on the surface of glass, crystal, porcelain and ceramics.

To make the paste special "soft" structures in it put soap liquid, obtained by the saponification of the soap stock of vegetable oils with caustic soda content of fatty acids of not less than 40% (option 2). In combination with anionic surfactants, it tells the paste detergent properties similar to pasta for option 1, and thus reduces the amount of surfactant.

The quantitative ratio of the components of the paste are selected empirically considering the achievement of cleansing the cleansing properties of the paste and observance of the conditions for obtaining highly stable thixotropic structure.

EXAMPLE. To obtain a paste used the following materials. As aluminosilicate material used clay Veselovsky field, or enriched kaolin deposits of the crane Log", or kaolin brand "Supreme" by BANG &BONSOMER (USA).

As polyphosphate sodium ispolzovaniya DS - 10, anionic: alkylsulfate sodium, a sulfonic acid.

Used the liquid soap on THE 10 RSFSR 506-89. As phosphorus-containing complexone used are soluble in water oksietilidendifosfonovaya acid (HEDP) or nitriltrimetilenfosfonovaya acid (NTF).

A paste was prepared as follows.

Initially prepared solution of sodium polyphosphate (when using salts of Graham it was dissolved in hot water). In the prepared solution was injected into the phosphate combined. The second option was introduced phosphorus-containing complexone and liquid soap. Next, the reactor was loaded aluminosilicate material with a particle size of not more than 50 μm. At the end of the added surfactant.

Mixing was performed for 20 to 30 minutes, then roll mill made pereir for 3 to 5 minutes cooked pasta was Packed up in jars.

The quantitative composition of the paste for two variants given in the table.

Pasta can optionally contain permitted by the Ministry of health dyes, perfumes, disinfectant additives. The prepared paste was applied to a contaminated surface, gave a small excerpt, and then had been cleaned and washed with warm or cold is the paste you can use the aluminosilicate material with a high degree of whiteness.

1. Cleansing-washing paste containing natural aluminosilicate material, a surfactant and water, characterized in that it further comprises a polyphosphate of sodium and phosphorus-containing complexone, and as surfactants - nonionic surfactant or mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactants in the following ratio, wt.%:

Natural alumosilicate material - 20 - 30

Polyphosphate sodium - 3 - 10

Nonionic surfactant or mixture of nonionic and anionic surfactants - 8 - 12

Phosphorus-containing complexone - 0,2 - 1,0

Water - the Rest

2. Cleansing-washing paste containing natural aluminosilicate material, a surfactant and water, characterized in that it further comprises a polyphosphate of sodium and phosphorus-containing complexone, and as surfactants soap liquid, obtained by the saponification of the soap stock of vegetable oils with caustic soda content of fatty acids of not less than 40% and the anionic surfactant in the following ratio, wt.%:

Natural alumino-active substance - 1 - 3

Phosphorus-containing complexone - 0,2 - 1,0

Water - Ostalnoe

 

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