The method of preparation of mixes

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention is intended for use in feed. The method of preparation of mixes includes grinding coarse, juicy, concentrated feed and mixing them with a nutrient solution, while forage is grinded to a particle size in the range 5-80 mm, succulent food - up to 10-100 mm, concentrated feed up to 1-5 mm, after which the mixing of the feed components is carried out in three stages, the first of which mix the crushed coarse and succulent fodder, in the second stage in the mixture add nutrient solution and mix again, and at the third stage to the resulting mixture add chopped concentrated feed and additionally contribute zeolite flour, preservative and mix until a homogeneous mass. As the nutrient solutions used molasses, and as preservative - ammonium carbonate. The method of preparation of mixes can increase the shelf life and his average daily weight gain of animals up to 25%. The increase in the weight of the animals is observed due to the increase of eating and extent of digestibility of feed. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 table.

The invention relates to the rural economy is x2">

A known method of preparation of mixes, including mixing chopped roughage, juicy voluminous fodder, crops, concentrated feed, nutritional solutions and supplements, the mixing feed components is carried out in two stages, the first of which mix and additional grind the chopped forage, crops, concentrated feed, nutritional solutions and supplements, and the other in the mixture add chopped juicy bulky feed and additionally mix them until smooth. As forage use straw or hay, as nutrient solutions - molasses, but as a Supplement - table salt. [1].

At the specified method of feed preparation observed low palatability and digestibility of feed the animals, so as not regulated particle size of chopped forage, the relationship of the individual components, the speed of passing them through the digestive tract and the ratio of generated animals volatile fatty acids are indicators that depend on taste, palatability of the feed and the degree of its nutrients.

In addition, n is th the proposed method is the increase of eating by improving the palatability of the feed and increase the degree of digestibility due to control portion sizes milled feed and speed their passage through the digestive tract of animals. The objective is to increase the shelf life of the feed.

This problem is solved due to the fact that in the known method of preparation of mixes, including grinding coarse, juicy, concentrated feed and mixing them with a nutrient solution according to the invention roughage are crushed to a particle size in the range 5-80 mm, succulent food - up to 10-100 mm, concentrated feed up to 1-5 mm, after which the mixing of the feed components is carried out in the following sequence: mix crushed coarse and succulent fodder, after they added a nutrient solution and continue mixing, then add the crushed concentrated feed and additionally contribute zeolite flour and preservative. As the nutrient solutions used molasses, and as preservative - ammonium salt.

For the preparation of feed mixtures coarse, juicy and concentrated feed zhernosekov and legumes are crushed to sizes: forage - 5-80 mm, succulent food - 10-100 mm, concentrated feed is 1-5 mm, which has a positive effect on the rate of passage of these feed through the digestive tract of animals and on the ratio of generated volatile fatty kesannya with molasses, 'm entwined powdered concentrates, which increases palatability of fodder.

To extend shelf life of the mixes in their composition include preservatives, as well as in forage include zeolite flour with sorption and ion-exchange properties, increase the nutritional value and safety of the mixes.

The order of mixing the components is the following: after grinding coarse and succulent fodder mixed, then added to the molasses and continue mixing, then to add feed concentrated feed, zeolite and preservatives. While canned food, zeolite flour and preservatives stick to the particles of coarse and succulent fodder, mixed with molasses, protecting forage from luceti and pollution, improving its taste, palatability, digestibility, and safety.

The feed mixture after mixing may be subjected to pelleting, briquetting, or kept in a natural state.

Thus obtained mixture may be directly scarlatina animals or stored after drying to a moisture content of 12 to 30%.

The effectiveness of the proposed method was determined in scientific hozjajstvenn">

Example 1. The diet of the 15-month fattening bulls group 1 consisted of hay, straw, corn silage, concentrates, molasses, zeolite flour and ammonium carbonate. This food was prepared and fed in the traditional way.

Example 2. Diet for animals 2 groups was similar to the composition of the diet for the animals of the 1st group. However, hay and straw were crushed to particle size of 5 mm, silage corn to 10 mm, concentrated feed up to 1 mm, Then hay, straw, silage and molasses were mixed, and thereto was added concentrated feed, zeolite flour, ammonium carbonate and continued mixing, after which they were ready for feeding.

Example 3. Diet for animals 3 groups was similar to the composition of the diet for animals 1 and 2 groups. However, hay and straw were crushed to a particle size of 50 mm, silage corn is 50 mm, concentrated feed up to 3 mm, the Order of mixing of the feed is the same as for the animals of the 2nd group.

Example 4. Diet for animals 4 groups was similar to the composition of the diet for animals 1,2,3 groups. However, hay and straw were crushed to particle size of 80 mm, silage corn to 100 mm, concentrated feed up to 5 mm, the Order of mixing of the feed is the same as for the In addition, the effectiveness of the method was determined in experiments on four groups of 120-day-old rabbits.

Example 1. Diet 120-day-old rabbits were included hay, carrots, sugar beets, concentrated feed, zeolite flour and ammonium carbonate. These foods were prepared and fed in the traditional way.

Example 2. Diet for animals 2 groups was similar composition with the diet for animals 1 groups. However, hay were ground to size of 5 mm, carrots and sugar beets - up to 10 mm, concentrated feed up to 1 mm After the hay, carrots and sugar beets were mixed, and thereto was added concentrated feed, zeolite flour, ammonium carbonate and continued to mix. After such a method of preparation of the feed mixture was ready for feeding.

Example 3. Diet for animals 3 groups was similar to the composition of the diet for animals 1 and 2 groups, but in this case, the hay was ground to a size of 10 mm, carrots and sugar beets to 20 mm, concentrated feed up to 3 mm, the Order of mixing of the feed is the same as for the animals of the 2nd group.

Example 4. Diet for animals 4 groups was similar to the composition of the diet for animals 1,2,3 groups. However, hay were ground to razmerami, as for animals 2 and 3 groups. After such a method of preparation of the mixture for feeding.

The utilization of feed mixtures depending on the method of their preparation are given in the table.

Thus, according to the table, feed palatability animals and the coefficient of digestibility vary depending on the degree of grinding of the feed and the method of preparation of feed mixtures. For young cattle for fattening optimal were 2 and 3 options. 3 embodiment, the average daily weight gain of animals increased from 800 g (1) up to 1000 g, i.e. 25%. For rabbits for fattening was optimal option 2.

Add in forage zeolite and ammonium salts at the end of the mixing time has allowed to increase the shelf life of the feed.

Studies have shown that changes in the degree of grinding is above or below the specified parameters are less feasible, as the cost of preparation of feed mixtures do not pay off the weight gain of the animals.

Sources of information

1. Auth.mon. USSR N 1355224, CL A 23 K 1/14 - prototype.

1. The method of preparation of mixes, including grinding the different topics what forage is grinded to a particle size in the range 5-80 mm, succulent food - up to 10-100 mm, concentrated feed up to 1-5 mm, after which the mixing of the feed components is carried out in three stages, the first of which mix the crushed coarse and succulent fodder, the second in the mixture add nutrient solution and mix again, and at the third stage to the resulting mixture add chopped concentrated feed and additionally contribute zeolite flour and preservative and mix until a homogeneous mass.

2. The method of preparation of mixes under item 1, characterized in that as the nutrient solutions used molasses, and as preservative - ammonium carbonate.

 

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FIELD: fodder industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for preparing protein-vitamin fodder that involves solid or liquid waste in production and processing the natural raw (grains, milling waste, post-alcoholic distillery grains, beer pellets, fruit pulps or whey). Enzyme lysates are prepared from solid waste and starch waste. Cobalt salt is added to liquid waste or enzyme lysates. Prepared nutrient medium is used in incubation of lactobacillus and propionibacillus microorganisms taken by the following pairs: Lactobacillus acidophilus 1660/02 with Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii 103/12; or Lactobacillus acidophilus 1660/02 with Propionibacterium acnes 1450/28; or Lactobacillus plantarum 578/25 with Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii 103/12; or Lactobacillus plantarum 578/25 with Propionibacterium acnes 1450/28. This method provides preparing fodder enriched with vitamins and proteins and containing live cells of lactobacillus and propionibacillus microorganisms. Method enriches animal intestine microflora after feeding the prepared fodder to animals. Fodder comprises protective substances (organic acids, enzyme systems) and can be stored as crude form for the prolonged time.

EFFECT: improved preparing method, valuable properties of fodder.

13 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex

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