Generator set

 

(57) Abstract:

The unit is designed for use as a source of electrical energy. The generator contains a frame, which holds the power plant, generator, remote control. Power plant is a fluid dynamics engine containing the actuator, reactors, distribution mechanism, cyclone, tank and tank for storing the working fluid, the hydraulic control system. The input pipe of the reactor through the inlet valves are connected with feed tank, and the output tubes are connected through a distribution mechanism with the input cavity of the hydraulic motor and the output cavity of said actuator is connected to the cyclone, the inner cavity of which is connected with the atmosphere, and the outlet is connected with feed tank. Inside the reactor has a gas generators, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container, inside of which is placed the active elements made of metal or alloy, related to the cerium and yttrium groups of the family of lanthanides. The movable components of the gas generator is kinematically associated with the system is I water. Installation design allows to achieve better performance. 15 Il.

The present invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used as a source of electric current.

Known thermogenerator TGC-3, containing 20-linear kerosene lamp, teleperedachi, two blocks thermopiles, exhaust pipe, cooling fins. The anode voltage of the battery 2, the anode current of the battery 2 And the filament voltage of the battery 2, the filament current of 0.5 a battery, the consumption of kerosene 60 - 70 g/h /Handbook of Amateur radio Ed. by A. A. Kulikovsky, ed. 3, the State energy publishing house, M., L., 1961, S. 318-319, Fig. 16-1/.

The disadvantages of thermogenerator TGC-3 are: a small current and voltage, low efficiency, large heat losses, environmental pollution by combustion products.

These drawbacks are caused by the design of the generator.

Also known diesel generator DCA-100-2 containing frame, on which the diesel engine with fuel tank, mechanically through releasing the clutch connected to a generator with exciter, remote control. The number of revolutions of 1500 diesel, diesel power is on automation and mechanical engineering, 1 series, mechanical engineering and automation, diesel generator, CBTI, M., 1961, S. 71-76, Fig. 10/.

Known diesel generator DCA-100-2, as the closest to the technical essence and achieved the beneficial result that adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantages of the known diesel generator DCA-100-2 adopted for the prototype are: the use of fossil fuels, the operation noise of the engine, the heat losses in the engine, the environmental pollution by exhaust gases.

These drawbacks are due to the structure of diesel generator sets.

The aim of the present invention is to improve the performance of the generator set.

This goal, according to the invention is ensured by the fact that the diesel engine is replaced by a fluid dynamics engine, containing a hydraulic motor, two reactor inlet nozzles through which the inlet valves are connected with feed tank connected to the tank for storing the working fluid, and output pipes of the above-mentioned reactors connected through shut-off valves, control valve and a controlled valve with an input cavity of the hydraulic motor, the output cavity which is connected to Helpnow pipe connected to the atmosphere, and inside the reactors are placed in several rows gas generators, with the same design, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container, inside of which is equipped with active elements representing liners, made of metal or alloy, related to the cerium and yttrium groups collection lantanoides also movable elements of the gas generator through the drive mechanisms located in the upper parts of the reactor, kinematically connected with the hydraulic control system of the engine including the cylinder, the valve control oil pumps driven by an electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery, oil tank, as well as the regulator shaft speed of the engine, the working fluid is distilled water.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a General view of the generator set of Fig. 2 is a view of the generator set from above, and Fig. 3 is a diagram of the fluid dynamics of the engine; Fig. 4 is a General view in section of the reactor of Fig. 5 - the device of the gas generator of Fig. 6 is a section along AA of Fig. 5; Fig. 7 - position of the parts of the gas generator PR is a of Fig. 9 is a General view of the control mechanism of the gas generator of Fig. 10 is a left side view on the management mechanism of the gas generator of Fig. 11 - device cyclone in the context of Fig. 12 - drive scheme of the distribution valve of Fig. 13 is a diagram of a centrifugal regulator shaft rotation frequency of the engine; Fig. 14 is a diagram of the hydraulic control system of the engine; Fig. 15 - the device of the fixing minimum speed.

The generator system includes a frame 1, on which is placed a generator of electric current 2 agent 3, fluid dynamics engine 4, which after releasing 5 and 6 connecting the coupling is connected with a generator of electric current, the control unit 7. The generator of the electric current and the exciter without features. Fluid dynamics engine includes a housing 8 of the hydraulic motor, a closed rear cover 9 and the front cover 10 made integral with the hollow cylindrical body 11, a closed outer front cover 12. All three covers have openings for passage of the shaft 13, which consists of two parts interconnected by means of releasing the clutch. The rear part of the shaft made integral with the rotor 14 having three radial groove 15, in which config on the inner surface of the back cover of the hydraulic motor, which has an inlet 19 and outlet 20 of the cavity. On the rear end of the shaft is fixed a leading gear wheel 21, which engages with the driven gear 22 mounted on the lower end of the vertical shaft 23, on the upper end of which is fixed to the spool 24 of the distribution valve, is inserted into the housing 25 having an internal undercut 26, 27 connected to the channels 28, 29, associated with the reactor, and a recess 30 that is connected with the channel 31 of the input cavity of the hydraulic motor. The valve distribution valve has a bypass channel 32. Supply tank 33 is connected hydraulically via the inlet valves 34, 35 reactor 36, 37, same design. Each reactor includes a housing 38, separated by a partition wall 39 on the lower and upper cavity, the top is closed by a cover 40. The lower cavity of the reactor vessel has an inlet 41 and outlet 42 of the nozzle. Inside it installed in several rows gas generators 43, with the same design, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container. The gas generator contains-shaped core 44, turned down very low to the reactor vessel by bolts 45 and having lateral longitudinal grooves, in which are mounted bushings active elements 46, made of metal or split 71). On the top of the rod put the Cup 47 having a through lateral longitudinal grooves 48 and made integral with the shaft 49, the upper end of which is fixed to the gear 50. The shaft has a seal 51 and the gland nut 52. Both control mechanism of the gas generators of the same design and placed in the upper cavity of the reactor, each of which has a toothed rack 53, 54, 55, mounted in guides 56 and included in engagement with the gears of the gas generators and gears 57, 58, 59, mounted on the transverse shaft 60 mounted in the bearings 61 and connected to the lever 62. All reactors through shut-off valves 63, 64, distribution valve and a controlled valve 65 is connected to the input cavity of the hydraulic motor, the output cavity which is connected to the cyclone 66, comprising a housing 67 having inlet 68 and outlet 69 nozzles, in which there is fixed the exhaust pipe 70, having spiral ribs 71, forming a helical cavity. At the outer end of the exhaust pipe installed peopleready grid 72, blocking the path of the flame, as the inside of the cyclone, and release it outside. The outlet of the cyclone through a pipe is connected to the feed tank. The reactors are pressure sensors 73, connected to mastam piping connected to the inlet side of the cyclone. The suction valve 75 connects the inlet cavity of the hydraulic drive motor with feed tank, through a check valve 76 is connected with a tank for storing the working fluid. The lower reactor cavity and the internal cavity of the tank, tank for storing working fluid, piping filled with distilled water, which is the working body of fluid dynamics engine. The hydraulic control system of fluid dynamics engine includes a cylinder 77, into which is inserted a piston 78, which divides the inner space into two cavities 79 and 80. The piston is connected to a rod 81 which is pivotally connected with the levers gas generators both reactors. Hydraulic crane control consists of a housing 82 in which is inserted a valve 83 having bypass openings 84 and 85, loaded by a spring 86 and coupled with the control lever 87. Hydraulic valve control and hydraulic cylinder through pipes connected to the oil tank 88 and the oil pump 89, 90, with pressure reducing valves 91, 92 and driven by a motor 93, supplied from the battery 94. Both reactors have the clips a minimum of turns, each of which contains stereonation. The rod is inserted into the hole in the reactor vessel, loaded by the spring 97 and the lower ends of the nut with the ring 98. The ring was attached to the cable, not shown in the drawing and connected to a lever mounted on the control panel. Frequency control of motor shaft rotation includes a horizontal shaft 99 mounted in the bearing, one end of which is fixed the gear 100, which is in mesh with the driven gear drive camshaft crane, and on the other end of the installed plug 101, the ends of which are placed, with the ability to move, the weights 102, contact your tabs with the disc 103, mounted on the end of the rectangular rod 104 mounted in the guides and having a top arm 105 is connected by a thrust 106 with lever controlled valve, and the bottom bracket 107 with a Cup 108, into which is inserted one end of the spring 109, the second end of which is inserted into the Cup 110, fixed to the piston rod of the hydraulic control fluid dynamics engine. On the control panel is installed instrumentation and control generator set.

The operation of the generator set.

After checking and preparing the generator set is running hydraulic gas groups collection lantanoides upon contact with water to decompose it into hydrogen and oxygen under normal conditions /see A. I. Busev, I. P. Efimov, Dictionary of chemical terms, a manual for students, M, Education, 1971, S. 91-92/.

Turns on the motor 93 to drive the oil pump 89, 90. While the oil from the oil tank 88 is served in the cavity 79, 80 of the hydraulic cylinder 77. Since the pressure in both cavities equally, the piston 78 is stationary and located in the middle part, and the oil from the output of the pump 89, 90 is input through pressure reducing valves 91, 92. Next, you move the left lever 87 (Fig. 14). The valve 83 will move in the same direction and the bypass hole 84 connects the cavity 80 of the hydraulic cylinder to the oil tank 88. As a result, the oil pressure in this cavity will decrease and the cavity 79 will remain the same and the piston 78 will move to the right and turn clockwise levers 62 reactors 36, 37 and will shrink a little spring 108 frequency control of motor shaft rotation. Together with levers 62 rotates the transverse shaft 60 with gears 57, 58, 59, who moved the rack 53, 54, 55, and they rotated the gear 50 of the gas generator 43. Together with the recent turn the cups 47 and through the slots 48 will partially open the active elements 46, as shown in Fig. 7. Under the action of the spring 97 of the rod 95 retainers minimum speed Bogutskaya the active contact elements 46 with water. At the contact of the active elements of water begins its decomposition into hydrogen and oxygen with the formation of molecules2and O2. The resulting gases accumulate in the lower cavities of the reactors 36, 37 and increase in pressure, which can be controlled by the gauges through the pressure sensors 73, installed in the reactor. As soon as the gas pressure in the reactor reaches the desired value by opening shut-off valves 63, 64, included fluid dynamics engine. In this case alternately through the bypass channel 32 of the distributing valve of the lower cavity of each of the reactors is connected to the inlet of the cavity 19 of the hydraulic motor. Gazivoda mixture under pressure is ejected from the lower cavity of each reactor in the inlet cavity of the hydraulic motor, produces pressure on the blade 16, causing the rotor to rotate 14 and the shaft 13. Leading gear 21 drives the driven gear 22 and with it the vertical shaft 23 and the valve 24 of the distribution valve. To obtain the necessary pressure in the reactors and the most complete of its use in the hydraulic gear ratio pinion 21 and the driven gear 22 accepted 2:1. Having performed the work on the movement of the blades 16 and turning parts, all specifications is via screw cavity and acquires a rotary motion. Under the action of centrifugal force, the water is dropped on the cyclone wall and flows down, then the pipeline is returned to supply tank 33, and the hydrogen and oxygen through the exhaust pipe 70 and peopleready grid 72 opening into the atmosphere. As was the release of the gas mixture from the reactor, due to the vacuum, offers one of the intake valves 34, 35 and a new portion of water from a supply tank 33 is supplied in an appropriate reactor and all repeats again. If the pressure in the reactor exceeds the maximum permissible value, the portion of the gas mixture is released through the pressure relief valves 74 and enters the cyclone 66. As soon as fluid dynamics engine began to operate steadily at low speed, turn releasing the clutch 5 and the generator 2 with the exciter 3 start to work. To increase the power and speed of the motor shaft and the shaft of the generator must again move the lever 87 to the left and, as described above, the piston 78 of the hydraulic cylinder 77 will move to the right and moves in the same direction the rod 81, which will turn the levers 62 at a greater angle and with them the shaft 60 with the gears 57, 58, 59, who moved even further toothed rack 53, 54, 55, paragraph 46, up to the maximum opening (Fig. 6). This leads to increased decomposition of water, increase the amount of hydrogen and oxygen and increase the pressure inside the reactor 36, 37. The pressure of the gas mixture fed into the inlet cavity 19 of the hydraulic motor increases and the shaft 13 will rotate faster with increased capacity. As soon as the generator 2 will be released on the specified mode, the current will become available to consumers. When the reactor the reaction of water decomposition and irreversible connection again of hydrogen with oxygen does not occur. First, the hydrogen and oxygen of atomic gases immediately become molecular, and secondly, for their connection required high temperature, even better flame. This also prevents the water vapor generated in the reactors. During operation of the engine shaft speed is determined by the location of the piston 78 of the hydraulic cylinder 77. Its constancy is maintained by the regulator. Depending on how advanced the right rod 81 varies the force action of the spring 109 frequency control of motor shaft rotation. During transmission of rotation from the gear 22 on the gear 100 rotates together with her shaft 99 with a fork 101 and the weights 102. If for any reason acentropinae forces the weights 102 move to the left, away from the center of rotation, and its tabs click on the disk 103 by moving to the left the rod 104 and with it the lever 105, which through rod 106 rotates controlled valve 65, reducing the flow area of the pipeline and the amount of the gas mixture supplied into the inlet cavity 19 of the hydraulic motor. The result is that the shaft speed of the engine decreases to a small value. Reducing the frequency of rotation of the motor shaft for any reason causes a reduction of the centrifugal force. The weights 102 under the action of the spring 109 acting through the bracket 107 and the disk 103 are moved to the right closer to the center of rotation. The lever 105 through the rod 106 rotates controlled valve 65, increasing the flow area of the pipeline and the amount of the gas mixture supplied into the inlet cavity 19 of the hydraulic motor. The shaft speed increases to the required size. A sharp decrease in the feed gas mixture into the inlet cavity 19 will call it depression because of the inertia of the rotor 14 and the shaft of the generator 2. In this case opens the suction valve 75 and a missing portion of the water received in the inlet cavity from a supply tank 33. Part of the energy produced by the generator 2, is fed to its own needs, in particular to reduce the rotational speed of the shaft of the hydraulic motor. For this purpose, the lever 87 to move to the right. The spool 83 of the valve control will move in the same direction and the bypass hole 85 connects the cavity 79 of the hydraulic cylinder 77 with the oil tank 88. The oil pressure in this cavity will decrease and the cavity 80 will remain the same. The piston 78 will be displaced to the left and moves to the same side of the rod 81 and turn the levers 62, and with them the transverse shaft 60 with gears 57, 58, 59. The rack 53, 54, 55 will be displaced through the gear 50 is rotated glasses 47 of the gas generator 43 in the opposite direction, reducing the surface active elements 46, in contact with water, and, thereby, the quantity of generated hydrogen and oxygen. This will reduce the pressure in the reactor 36, 37 and will reduce pressure on the blade 16 and to reduce the frequency of rotation of the shaft of the hydraulic motor 13. Movement of the rod 81 in this direction is limited by rods 95 clamps the minimum speed that will not allow you to completely isolate the active elements 46 from the water. Due to the decomposition of water in the reactors of its level in the feed tank 33 will decrease. Maintaining the required water level in the feed tank 33 is carried out by opening the valve 76, where it flows by gravity. To stop fluid dynamics DigIn 97, and the lever 87 is rotated to the right. The spool 83 crane control moves in the same direction and the bypass hole 85 connects the cavity 79 of the hydraulic cylinder 77 with the oil tank 88. The pressure in this cavity will decrease and the piston 78 moves to the left and through the rod 81 will rotate the levers 62 reactors 36, 37, and with them glasses 47 of the gas generator 43, a fully insulating surface active elements 46 from contact with water (Fig. 8). After the decomposition of water will stop and the pressure in the reactor will decrease to atmospheric, closed shut-off valves 63, 64. The shaft 13 of the hydraulic motor stops.

The positive effect of the invention do not require fossil fuels, non-polluting combustion products.

Generator set that contains a frame, which holds the power plant, generator, remote control, characterized in that the power unit is made in the form of a fluid dynamics engine containing the actuator, the reactor inlet nozzles through which the inlet valves are connected with feed tank connected to the storage tank of the working fluid, and output pipes of the above-mentioned reactors connected through shut-off the output cavity which is connected with a spiral cavity of the cyclone, the outlet of which is connected with a metering tank and the internal cavity through the exhaust pipe connected to the atmosphere, and inside the reactors are placed in several rows gas generators, each of which is an automatically opening and closing the container, inside of which is placed the active elements made of metal or alloy, related to the cerium and yttrium groups of the family of lanthanides, in addition moving parts of the gas generator through the drive mechanisms kinematically connected with a hydraulic control system the hydraulic motor, the working fluid is distilled water.

 

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