The method of folding the rope in the bay

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to coupling devices of vehicles. The method is based on the bending of the rope in a loop when laying in volume. In the bending process in a loop along the entire length of the rope they are intertwined. The first loop executes from the beginning of the rope at a distance commensurate with the size of the loops. The connection between the loops, the type of weave and shape knitted Bay perform depending on the shape of the volume. From the last loop leave the end long, ensuring the capture of the rope to retrieve it from the volume through the hole, the diameter of which is commensurate with the diameter of the rope. When laying knitted Bay in the fastening element, rigidly connected with the inner surfaces of the volume, in the process of bending of the rope by the number of fasteners perform loops, freely dissolve in the process of pulling the rope, and then put the Bay on the retaining elements for these loops. The invention is directed to surgical extraction of long rope from hard-to-reach volume through the hole in the wall without tangling. 2 S. and 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to portable or movable towing device and can be used if the accommodation is for example, from the packing box, which laid the cable Bay, but access to the volume to retrieve the rope is difficult or limited.

Popular and widespread method of folding the rope in the Bay by winding on the drum, for Perkovich ropes used drums with a smooth surface, and for steel wire ropes preferable drums with a spiral groove ("mechanical engineer's Handbook", volume 4, book 2, page 844, "State scientific and technical publishing house of the engineering literature, Moscow, 1963).

In practice, however, not always there is a possibility of a rotating drum in volume, designed for stacking Bay.

Known methods of drum coagulation of-war in the Bay with the use of elastic elements for adjustment and fixation of the shape of the rope laid in volume, while the elastic element can function directly rope ("Towing device combination", A. C. SU N 1784512, B 60 D 1/14, 1/18, 1/34, bull. N 48, 30.12.92) or may be located inside of the support base of the rope, made for example in the form of a flexible hose ("Towing device", A. C. SU N 1784511, B 60 D 1/14, 1/18, 1/34, bull. N 48, 30.12.92).

Unfortunately, these methods bessarabien, length of 100 m and more.

There is a method of folding the rope in the Bay by bending it in a loop when laying in volume ("technical dictionary", the term "Bay", page 69, Publishing house "Soviet encyclopedia", Moscow, 1989). This method allows you to put in the appropriate amount of any ropes, including great length.

This method of folding the rope in the Bay selected for the prototype.

This method is most widely used in practice, but it does not exclude the possibility of tangling the ropes and after removing from the scope of the ropes, especially long, it is necessary to unravel.

Solved technical challenge is to develop a method of laying long rope in tight volume with capability reliable, without tangling, retrieve the rope over the whole length through the hole in the wall volume.

The task of developing a method that provides guaranteed performance and reliability, remains relevant.

The technical result obtained with the implementation of the proposed method is reliable, without tangling, operational removing the long rope from hard-to-reach volume through the hole, the STN method of folding the rope in the Bay by bending it in a loop when laying in volume, in the bending process in a loop along the entire length of their rope intertwined with the first loop executes from the beginning of the rope at a distance commensurate with the size of the loops, the connection between the loops, the type of weave and shape knitted Bay perform depending on the shape of the rope, and from the last loop leave the end long, ensuring the capture of the rope to retrieve it from the volume through the hole, the diameter of which is commensurate with the diameter of the rope.

When laying knitted Bay in the fastening element, rigidly connected with the inner surfaces of the volume, in the process of bending of the rope by the number of fasteners perform loops, freely dissolve in the process of pulling the rope, and then put the Bay on the retaining elements for these loops.

When laying the rope in the pressurized volume of the end of the rope out through the hole in the wall volume, and place the output seal.

When laying in the volume, divided into compartments, produce knitting bays of the ropes of smaller thickness, made, for example, in the form of strands, the Association which provides for removing a predetermined thickness of the rope, and put Bay in the respective compartments, and the ends of the strands have at least in one place, is under the criterion of "novelty", in this case, thanks ordered to weave the knitted Bay loops between them throughout the length of the rope does not tangle and therefore, due to the sequential dissolution of the loops by pulling the free end, the rope can be quickly extracted from the volume through the hole in the wall. Depending on the type of volume, for example, fasteners, sealing or separation into compartments, the proposed method can be suitably modified, as described above, by maintaining the required reliability and efficiency.

Thus, these distinctive features of the proposed method of folding the rope in the Bay together with the signs of the bounding parts provide you a possibility to solve the technical problem, i.e. the proposed method allows to lay the cable Bay in volume with difficult or restricted access so that the rope does not tangle and can be quickly extracted from the volume for the entire length through the hole in the wall.

In Fig. 1 shows a simplified diagram illustrating the sequence of folding the rope in the Bay of the proposed method, Fig. 2 - the same scheme with knitted cable Bay, designed for installation on crepery must meet the Bay, in Fig. 1 and 2 is not shown.

In Fig. 3 shows a simplified diagram illustrating the sequence of folding the rope in the Bay of the proposed method when laying in volume, divided into compartments.

In support of the criterion of industrial applicability can be considered examples of specific performance knitted cable car bays proposed method.

First consider the scheme depicted in Fig. 1. It should be noted that for clarity in the diagram are numbered, all loops in accordance with the sequence numbers of bending, while the order of execution of loops, the type of weave and shape knitted Bay presents maximally simplified. Visible portions of the loops of rope are shown in solid lines, and in places invisible parts depicted breaks these lines.

The same graphic images and techniques used to simplify the implementation of the scheme shown in Fig. 2 additionally shows examples of design loops that are in the process of pulling rope can be freely dissolved even in those cases, if they wear on the latch, i.e. when they are not removed, for example, knitting hook. We presents knitted Bay these two loops: loop A, which is not itself m the and and from camospace its holding loop 15 fixed by hinges 32 and 34.

Both shown in Fig. 1 and 2 knitted bays conventionally marked the beginning and end of the ropes and loops 39, 41 and 43 are made uncommitted.

Cable Bay, shown in Fig. 2, is intended for laying in volume, having two retaining element rigidly connected with its internal surfaces. For these fasteners when laying in the volume of the Bay should dress for loops a and B.

In both cases, the end of the rope is located in places where the possibility of his capture to extract (Fig. 1 and 2 is not shown).

Presented on Fig. 3 rope 1 is made of three thinner cables (strands) and placed in volume 2, divided into compartments 3, 4 and 5.

A separate strand of 6 rope 1 is folded in Bay 7, which is placed in the compartment 3 and is suspended on the mounting elements for loops a, B, C, D. the end of the section 6 is located near the hole 8 in the wall 9 of volume 2.

The strand 10 is folded in Bay 11, which is placed in the compartment 4 and is suspended on the fastener, the loops D, E, G, I. the end of the section 10 is also located near the hole 8.

The strand 12 is folded in Bay 13, which razvitiya 8. Near holes 8 strands combined into a rope, the end of which is derived from volume 2.

Separate loops, forming a Bay 7, 11 and 13, Fig. 3 is not shown.

When laying the rope in the pressurized volume output destination of the rope from the volume, for example, passing the rope 1 through the opening 8 of volume 2, is shown in Fig. 3, is airtight, at least until the beginning of the extraction process of the rope (Fig. 3 not shown). After removing the rope from the volume of the sealing space of its output, as a rule, is not required.

The proposed method allows you to minimize the Bay primarily non-metallic lengthy cords, harnesses, fishing lines and ropes, for example, hemp, nylon, fiberglass and others, the connection between the loops, the type of weave and shape knitted Bay can be very diverse, depending on how the shape of the volume which contains the Bay, and from individual performers. In most cases, this method can be automated and implemented on knitting machines using computer programs. However, do not exclude the possibility of realization by hand knitting.

The process of extraction from volume knitted bays is 2">

After capture at the end of the rope and the annexes thereto tensile forces is consistent with the dissolution of loops: first dissolved loop 43, then 41, then - 39, etc. up to the dissolution of all loops and free, due to this, pulling the rope from the volume at full length.

The process of extraction from volume knitted Bay, produced by the proposed method according to the scheme depicted in Fig. 2, is the same, it should be noted that in this case the loops a and B knitted Bay will be fixed by the fastening elements, which when laying the rope is suspended within the volume.

After capture at the end of the rope and the annexes thereto tensile forces is similar to the dissolution of the loops, while following the dissolution of the loop 33 raspoliruyte loop 15 and the loop B is released from the fastening element. In the same way, following the dissolution of the loop 23 raspoliruyte loop 7 and loop And is released from its fastening element that provides the opportunity to further free retrieval of rope from the volume.

The process of retrieving rope, wrapped in three bays proposed method according to the scheme depicted in Fig. 3, is as follows.

In the process of pulling the strands of the bays on the retaining elements volume 2 bloom loops a, B, C, G at Bay 7, the loops D, E, F, And Bay 11 and the loop K, L, M, N from Bay 13. The process of pulling rope 1 through the opening 8 runs up until the strands 6, 10, 12 will not be completely removed from the compartments, respectively, 3, 4, 5, and then from volume 2.

Through the use of the proposed method of folding the rope in the Bay decreases the possibility of tangling and therefore, the sequential dissolution of the loops by pulling the free end of the rope can be quickly extracted from the volume to which access is difficult or restricted.

The proposed method allows you to minimize the Bay long ropes and quickly retrieve them from inaccessible volumes, for example, through the hole in the wall, while the hole diameter may be less than the diameter of the rope.

The proposed method can find application not only in portable or mobile towing devices, such as, aircrafts and spacecrafts, but in other areas of technology. Quite really used 1. The method of folding the rope in the Bay by bending it in a loop when laying in volume, characterized in that the bending process in a loop along the entire length of their rope intertwined with the first loop executes from the beginning of the rope at a distance commensurate with the size of the loops, the connection between the loops, the type of weave and shape knitted Bay perform depending on the shape of the volume, and from the last loop leave the end long, ensuring the capture of the rope to retrieve it from the volume through the hole, the diameter of which is commensurate with the diameter of the rope.

2. Method of coagulation of the rope under item 1, characterized in that when laying knitted Bay in the fastening element, rigidly connected with the inner surfaces of the volume, in the process of bending of the rope by the number of fasteners perform loops, freely dissolve in the process of pulling the rope, and then put the Bay on the retaining elements for these loops.

3. Method of coagulation of the rope under item 1 or 2, characterized in that during the laying of the rope in the pressurized volume of the end of the rope out through the hole in the wall volume, and place the output seal.

4. The method of folding the rope in the Bay by bending it in a loop when laying in volume, great for the s, made, for example, in the form of strands, the Association which provides for removing a predetermined thickness of the rope, and put Bay in the respective compartments, and the ends of the strands have at least in one place, available for capture.

 

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