The way muscle rehabilitation or occupational therapy muscle

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to sports medicine, namely to methods of rehabilitation and recovery of the neuromuscular apparatus of athletes after overtraining, and can be used as a comprehensive recovery method and harmonization of physical development. Directed dosed rehabilitating force spend on any other in relation to the remediation, a group of muscles. While conducting local cooling rehabilitated muscle groups or muscle symmetrical limbs. The method helps to improve blood circulation reabilitiruyut muscle groups and fastest recovery as well as improving blood circulation in the skin. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 14 ill.

The invention relates to sports medicine, namely to methods of rehabilitation and recovery of the neuromuscular apparatus of athletes after overtraining and can be used as a comprehensive method of harmonization of physical development and recovery and thus enhance the effectiveness of training athletes, as well as recovery and rehabilitation of the broad masses of the population, for example, after working hard at the cottage. You know, the development of others. For example, athletes rowing develop mainly the muscles of the arms and shoulder girdle, and the athletes-football players - leg muscles. This recovery method helps to improve body proportions representatives of such activities and may also find application in the recovery of muscles during separate system of bodybuilding training, i.e., when the training is dedicated to impact not at all important, but only on certain muscle groups.

The known method managed psychophysiological self-regulation, including indexing patients with ideomotor movements state controlled TRANS, active exercise in some cases. In addition, exercise massage techniques, manual therapy, reflexology, thermopulsation, measure the surface temperature and carry out thermal effect on the surface of the nasal Concha /patent RF N 2041721, 1995/. However, this method requires a considerable investment of time and due to its high complexity and cost of implementation is unlikely to find widespread use in normal domestic conditions, especially in complex with simple Wellness forms of physical culture.

The closest Tania's story help force impact on the patient's body in a vertical plane with simultaneous force push effect on lower limb in the horizontal plane and electro-stimulation effects on muscle /patent RF N 2054920, 1996/.

The disadvantages of this method include that it is designed to solve a relatively rare problem of restoration of the neuromuscular apparatus of athletes after injuries and operations, and only the legs. At present, however, in terms of technical progress has increased physical inactivity person, so obvious relevance Wellness forms of physical culture, an important addition to which can serve as a recreational form of muscular rehabilitation. The main objective of all health forms of physical culture declares the improvement of the body on the basis of its adaptation to progressive physical activity, however, in real conditions of existence man has to adapt to the changing thermal load, i.e., to harden. Hardening may be carried out using a resource that is not only relatively easy to create, but also to take ready-made in nature. Hardening to cold is determined by a progressive decrease in the sensitivity of the organism to the action of cold, and is practically important in the recovery of the person, because hypothermia is one of the factors predisposing to the occurrence of so-called prepreg) the degree of cooling. People who are accustomed to the cold, the heat buildup in the body is more intense, which provides better blood flow to their skin and thus increases their resistance to infectious diseases and promotes rejuvenation of the skin.

The objective of the invention is created and available for use at home ways to increase recovery of the neuromuscular apparatus of any muscle groups with the possibility of simultaneous General health of the human body hardening and rejuvenation.

The technical result of the invention is to improve blood circulation reabilitiruyut muscle groups that promotes rapid recovery as well as improving blood flow to the skin, which leads to a General improvement and rejuvenation of the skin.

The technical result in the way of occupational therapy of the muscles is achieved by directly used physiological effect, experimentally detected Sechenov, I. M. and published in the national press in 1907 /Sechenov, I. M. "the collected works of I. M. Sechenov". So 1. Experimental studies. M., 1907, S. 244-261/. Occupational THERAPY MIX is the new term derived from the Greek words ergon work + therap question about the relative effectiveness of different methods of relaxation or recovery of fatigued muscles. Comparison of two methods of rest tired arms by temporarily stopping work and by passing work at the same time the other hand gave a totally unexpected result. Sechenov compared to double-tired right hand the results of the two effects - simple rest and relaxation and the same duration, associated with the work of another hand. It turned out that the work of tired of the right hand after left was much stronger than he was after the first, passive rest period. Experimental results Sechenov presented graphically in the form of myogram. From them it is clear that the health of tired arms raised and legs and generally saw the experimenter, all strong body movement. The main results of an experimental research Sechenov interpreted using the concept of charging energy of the nerve centers, responsible for the remediation of muscle groups.

When possible, it is recommended to physical exercise to improve controllability of the rehabilitation process cooling or rehabilitated muscle groups, or steam room to her group of muscles, if she is not exposed to physical impact, or any others who KTU Sechenov come into effect for another two. First, the cooling of any part of the body causes spasm of the blood vessels of the skin of this area, by which the body tries to prevent loss of body heat. At the same time to compensate for the heat loss in the body intensifies metabolism that activates and the rehabilitation process. At the same time with a kind of "gymnastics" home of the neurovascular system of the skin, which causes hardening and rejuvenating effect on the human body. Secondly, in the process of adapting gradually connected processes: significantly increases the activity of the autonomic nervous system, increases blood concentration of hormones. These adaptive reactions of adaptation there is an amazing property - cross-resistance /the so-called cross-resistance/. Due to this property, the body adapted, for example, to physical activity, better tolerate cold and Vice versa. All this increases the metabolic rate, mobilizes functional reserves of the cells, which intensifies the process of rehabilitation. The claimed method differs from the known fact that directed dosed lightweight rehabilitating force is carried out in sootoday muscle group individually dispensing power load in accordance with this muscle group strength endurance, ensuring simplicity, convenience and versatility when carrying out rehabilitation of muscles, the possibility of its implementation in normal household conditions, as well as when conducting simultaneous local cooling is achieved additional effects overall health by strengthening and rejuvenation of the skin due to exercise its neurovascular unit.

In all cases, the local cooling is produced simultaneously with the physical exercises, which are reduced to the most simple movements, such as flexion and extension of the joint. The value of aggravating physical activity is selected lightweight, so that was a manifestation of strength endurance of the muscles. The pace and the amount of movement is chosen such that, had the ultimate comfortable load /abbreviated PKN/. PKN is set as follows: if at the beginning of the execution of the movements involved in rehabilitation was completed four natural movement for five seconds, then PKN is achieved when the rate of movement falls into two times, i.e. up to two movements for five seconds. The cooling load is chosen such that what is currently provided by nature in the locality, or, with appropriate technical capabilities you who WriteLine itself and depends on the usual climatic conditions of the person, his heredity, age, occupation, physical activity, degree of physical fitness and heat stability. The method is effective when there is a systematic sessions procedures.

Local cooling of certain muscle groups in special cases can be done in two specific forms: local by bringing into contact with the cooler or location of the person, which insulated the whole body, except the right places, in the refrigerating chamber, it is also possible the use of natural conditions. As the cooler can be used, for example, bubbles with ice, chilled freon, thermoelectric cooler or a semiconductor cooling panels, which are paired. To create a exercise can be used as dumbbells and weights, for example, an exercise bike or treadmill. Movement can be performed to the rhythmic music.

In Fig. 1 presents graphs of the results of the "passive" /thin broken/ and active /thick broken/ rehabilitation of biceps, right arm, for the rehabilitation of physically loaded biceps of the left hand, bend the arms at the elbow with the dumbbell. Under the appropriate numbers to the A.

In Fig. 3 shows a chart of the results in rehabilitating the physical impact on the left leg.

In all previous figures test results of rehabilitation were "failures", i.e., the measured power endurance muscles after rehabilitation was carried out not to PKN, and to the state, when the hand is not able to lift a weight again, which, of course, rather than on the following diagrams, where the measured LTU.

In Fig. 4 shows the results of rehabilitation of muscles - flexors and extensors of the right leg by active physical impact on the right bicep.

In Fig. 5 - the same, but reversed the muscles of the left leg active physical impact on the right bicep.

In Fig. 6 - rehabilitated leg muscles by active influence on the biceps of his left hand.

In Fig. 7 - rehabilitated the abdominal muscles by active influence on the biceps of both arms.

In Fig. 8 shows the results of rehabilitation of the right biceps by physical stress on the biceps of his left hand while cooling rehabilitated muscles, which is shown in the upper part of the figure.

In Fig. 9, the same right biceps rehabilitated put the

In Fig. 10 - the same biceps right hand rehabilitated cooling biceps active left hand.

In Fig. 11 - the muscles of the right leg reabilitirovalis cooling active right hand.

In Fig. 12 - muscle of the left leg rehabilitated cooling active right hand.

In Fig. 13 - muscle of both legs reabilitirovalis cooling active left hand.

In Fig. 14 - the abdominal muscles rehabilitated by active cooling of the biceps of both arms.

The method is as follows. Pre-athlete determines the amount of physical resistance for rehabilitating movements. If you are using dumbbells, it is the weight of the dumbbells. For this he is given time, he would like to have for the rehabilitation of this group of muscles, and selects such a burden, which is achieved PKN at this time. Further to the state of PKN loaded all the major muscle groups, except those rehabilitated. In a separate session rehabilitation can be fed all the main muscles, it is also possible load distribution on different muscle groups on separate sessions. Athletes spend the rehabilitation sessions between workouts or competitions. By the provision of pkwn was used. Involved in bodybuilding on a separate system, when used several approaches to exercise this muscle group, for rehabilitation between the approaches used progressively increasing cooling from room temperature to the pkwn was.

The example run.

In the diagrams of Fig. 1-14 shows the results of rehabilitation of muscles in different cases run in cooling conditions, and without it. In each case, the rehabilitation was carried out in two ways: passive, when the muscles remained in a passive state, and active. The rehabilitation took one and the same. The rehabilitation program was evaluated by manifest after a period of rehabilitation power endurance of this muscle group. Pre-load was taken as one and the same. Both rehabilitation was conducted during the week separately after full recovery.

The example was carried out to exclude the influence of psychological factors, in particular, processing of the results was performed after receipt of all information.

In Fig. 1 presents the results of rehabilitation of the biceps of the right hand. The diagrams show the results of measurements of power endurance muscles after rehabilitation: pravaselect passive rehabilitation, thick - active. In both cases, the initial load was the same: was flexing his arm in the elbow joint with a kettlebell 16 kg of 10 times. To the left of the vertical line shows the results for rehabilitating weight 3 kg /PKN is achieved in 4 minutes/ right - to 5 kg /PKN - 2 minutes/. Passive rehabilitation was carried out for the same time. Rehabilitating active impact /bending arms at the elbow/ was performed on the left arm to the state of PKN. The numbers under the corresponding points indicate the number of repetitions. As you can see, they do not correspond to the trends of growth or decrease in strength endurance in the muscles after rehabilitation, because the natural rate movements in different training was different. From this and further figures also show that the resistance /for example, the weight dumbbells/ rehabilitating load is not significant for the results of rehabilitation, it depends only time of rehabilitation. The results showed that the change in time passive rehabilitation for a minute or two almost no effect on the result of rehabilitation,

In Fig. 2 for active rehabilitation of the same hand was used, the load on the right leg: made of so-called "pistol" squat on the Sabbath.

In Fig. 3 active rehabilitation /gun/ right hand was performed on the left leg.

In Fig. 4 pre-loaded right leg: 10 times "gun", we then conducted rehabilitating an active effect on the right hand /3 kg and 5 kg/ then again ran the "gun" to the state of the LTU.

In Fig. 5 load was performed on the left leg, and active rehabilitation on his right hand.

In Fig. 6, the initial load was performed on both legs: squat with a kettlebell 16 kg of 10 times. Active rehabilitation on his left hand. As can be seen, such unequal terms of muscle groups on the load and rehabilitation impact does not lead to significant results.

In Fig. 7, the initial load was conducted on a group of muscles, of which the main ones are the abdominal muscles: ran lifting and lowering of the head to the feet from a prone position in the amount of 10 times. Active rehabilitating the impact was on the biceps of both arms.

In Fig. 8, as in the further figures, active rehabilitation was carried out in the cooling conditions, the change of which is shown in the upper part of the figure. In these diagrams the initial load /biceps nigrorugosa impact /5 kg/ were on the left arm /LTU/, then the right hand similarly loaded "at fault" for the evaluation of the rehabilitation.

In Fig. 9 for the rehabilitation of the same right hand was held squats with a kettlebell 16 kg to the state PKN /1.5 min/ and left cooling /steam room/ hands. The necessity of this version of the method may occur when cooling rehabilitated muscle groups for some reason you cannot, for example wrapped up in bandages that do not accept contact with the cooler. Assessment of strength endurance were "failures".

In Fig. 10, as in all subsequent cools the active muscle group. The use of such cooling is justified, for example, in the case when when using natural temperature conditions ambient temperature on the depth of cooling exceeds the pkwn was. Originally loaded the biceps of the right hand: 10 flexion and extension with weight 16 kg, then loaded left hand /of flexion and extension with dumbbell weighing 5 kg to PKN in the cooling conditions, then the right hand loaded "to failure".

Conditions in Fig. 11 repeat the conditions in Fig. 4 /s 5 kg/ only added simultaneous cooling.

Conditions in Fig. 12 repeat the conditions in Fig. 5 /with the 6 /with a weight of 5 kg/, only added simultaneous cooling.

Conditions in Fig. 14 repeat the conditions in Fig. 7 /with a weight of 5 kg/ only added simultaneous cooling. The data obtained confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.

1. The way muscle rehabilitation by forces acting on the muscles of the athlete, characterized in that the force spend on any other in relation to the remediation muscle group in accordance with this muscle group strength endurance, while installing the load at which the rate of movement falls twice.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the force conducted simultaneous with the local adjustable cooling rehabilitated muscle groups or cooling of the muscles symmetrical limb or cooling muscle groups subjected to force.

 

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