The method of obtaining the feed additive of the juice plant
(57) Abstract:The invention is intended for use in agriculture, in particular in the ways of cooking food from plant products. The pH value of the juice is adjusted to the isoelectric point of proteins by electrolysis at a voltage magnitude and a constant electric current to the electrodes U = 20 - 60 V; I = 0,5 - 4 A. the Electrolyte when it is placed in the cathode cavity and the juice in the anode and separated from each other by a membrane, ensuring the free movement of ions and preventing the mixing of the working fluids. The method enhances the efficiency of the deposition of high molecular weight and biologically active components from the SAP of plants, and to increase the shelf life of the resulting concentrate. 1 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the preparation of feed from plant products.There is a method of deposition of proteins from the juice of plants using organic solvents. As solvents, preference is given to acetone, ethanol, isopropanol. The method comprises adding a solvent, precipitation of the protein, solvent recovery (Novikov ptx2">However, this method is not used because of the high cost. Even relatively inexpensive solvents (acetone) too expensive, if we are talking about the deposition of protein for feeding purposes. Moreover, the loss of solvent averaged 0.5 kg per one kg protein concentrate (dry matter). Besides, there is energy on the recycling of solvent.Known deposition method of high-molecular substances from the juice of plants by centrifugation (Novikov Y. F. Obtain protein concentrates of juice of green plants // Agriculture abroad. 1983. N 3. ).However, this method is not widely used due to the lack of powerful industrial centrifuges with the number of revolutions of the rotor, creating an acceleration of more than 100,000 g. In addition, in this way it is possible deposition only chloroplast fractions of plant proteins, and cytoplasmic fraction, which is more nutritious, remains in solution.It is known that deposition of protein in a number of countries used the technology of the "Pro-Xan II" and "France-Lucerne". In both technologies for the deposition of protein used heating of the juice to a temperature of 60-65oC. the resulting product Velpro" swich concentrates of juice of green plants // Agriculture abroad. 1983. N 3.).However, when using thermal coagulation is the denaturation of the protein, thus lost valuable functional properties. In addition, the formation of toxic intermediate agents chlorophyll derivatives. In addition, during thermal deposition method reduces the availability of some essential amino acids that form is not degradable under the action of gastric enzymes connection. The process of thermal coagulation does not provide even short-term storage of coagulate and requires additional application of preservative. In addition, the coagulation process itself consumes a significant amount of energy, which makes up about 60% of all energy required for the entire process.There is a method of deposition of juice from squeezed biological mass, whereby the pH value is brought by chemical means to the isoelectric point, after which the juice from the pulp is heated to a temperature of 80-85oC (see and. C. Czechoslovakia N 248504, CL A 23 K 1/14, 1987 - prototype).However, this method requires the use of several technological operations. In addition, you must have warehouse space for storage of chemical objective to precipitate protein from plant SAP.Technical solution to the problem is to increase the efficiency of deposition and storage time and macromolecular biologically active components from plant SAP.This object is achieved in that in a method of producing a feed additive from the juice of plants, including the receiving, heating and bringing the pH to the isoelectric point of proteins by electrolysis, where the voltage and constant electric current to the electrodes is U=20-60; I=0.5 to 4 And, when the electrolyte is placed in the cathode cavity and the juice in the anode and separated by membrane, ensuring the free movement of ions.The claimed method of coagulation juice differs from the prototype in that it does not require the addition of chemicals from the outside.These differences allow to draw a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed technical solutions to the criterion "novelty".According to the patent and scientific literature is not found similar inventive combination of the features that allows us to judge about the level of invention.The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a device which implements the method of obtaining fodder d is 2">The pressed juice of the plant is placed in the electrolysis chamber 1 into the cavity where the electrode 2 to the anode, the electrolyte is poured into the cavity, which has the electrode 3 to the cathode, these cavities separated by a membrane 4, which is made from several layers of fabric. This membrane allows free moving ions. The electrodes 1 and 2 is fed a constant electric current of 0.5-4 a at a voltage of 20 to 60 C.An example of the method.The juice obtained from alfalfa seed in the period optimal content of high molecular weight biologically active substances with the use of a press screw design. The juice using a system of pipes is served in a compartment or cavity of the camera 1, one of the walls which is a non-selective membrane 4, consisting of several layers of thick fabric. In related neighboring compartment is a solution of the electrolyte is NaCl. On the carbon electrodes 2 and 3, located in adjacent compartments of the chamber, served direct electric current with the following parameters: U = 20-60, I = 0,5-4 A. In the course of the process is the electrolysis of water, which resulted in the juice, the accumulation of hydrogen ions, which provide the acidity of the juice and, as a consequence, the achievement of isoelectric townie components of the juice loses its solubility and precipitate. At the end of the process for the separation into fractions of the processed juice through a tap at the bottom of the tank enters the conical sump. Then through the upper valve, the new portion of the juice is fed into the working compartment of the camera. The method of obtaining the feed additive of the juice of plants, including extraction of juice from plants, heating and bringing the pH of the juice chemically to the protein isoelectric point, characterized in that the pH of the juice is adjusted to the isoelectric point of proteins by electrolysis, where the voltage and constant electric current to the electrodes is U = 20 - 60 V; I = 0.5 to 4 And, when the electrolyte is placed in the cathode cavity and the juice in the anode cavity and separated by a membrane, ensuring the free movement of ions and preventing the mixing of the working fluids.
FIELD: fodder production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for preparing fodder product from sugar beet seeds by their grinding and by addition of soybean grist in the ratio = 10:(2-3), extraction with hydrochloric acid followed by precipitation of the end product. Invention provides elevating level of lysine in the end product.
EFFECT: improved preparing method.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing sunflower oil foots with crushed cereal component in high-speed mixer having shaft rotational speed of 1,000-1,500 rev/min, with optimal dose of feeding of sunflower oil foots in the course of mixing with crushed cereal component being 30%. Method allows precise dosage of sunflower oil foots into crushed feed to be provided and homogeneous non-sticky mass to be produced. Also, method provides for purposeful utilization of sunflower oil foots and deficit of energy feeding of farm animals and poultry to be eliminated.
EFFECT: increased energy value of crushed feed, reduced labor intensity, simplified process and increased productive quality of farm animals and poultry.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in industrial feed production.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes utilization of full-allowance compound feed and sorbent addition thereto. As sorbent predefecation precipitate together with probiotic microorganisms with titer of 107-109 kl/g in used. Claimed feed product contains (mass %): compound feed 90-95; modified sorbent 5-10.
EFFECT: feed product with improved sorption of mycotoxins, containing additional feedstuffs; increased population productivity and preservation in poultry industry.
1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, preparing of feeds for cattle, in particular, for young animals.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing agricultural products and mixing with water; providing hydrodynamic, cavitational and thermal processing thereof; during preparing, directing mixture through system of movable channels having section variable in the course of flow, with energy of collapsing cavitational bubbles being released during passage of mixture through said system of movable channels; directing obtained energy to processable mixture repeatedly movable along closed contour for bringing it to homogeneous state at temperature of 50-70ºC. Apparatus for preparing of feeds has chamber with inlet and outlet branch pipes. Stator and rotor are incorporated in chamber. Apparatus is further provided with preliminary mixing hopper connected through inlet and outlet pipings with chamber branch pipes so as to define closed contour for flowing of mixture. Rotor is furnished with large-sized tangential blades uniformly distributed thereon for dividing it into sections. Small-sized radial curved blades are arranged around the circumference of rotor in sections. Blades, both large-sized and small-sized, have variable height increasing from rotor center toward periphery thereof, and are adapted for defining variable section channels. Stator has nozzle-type channels arranged radially and uniformly around the circumference thereof.
EFFECT: simplified process of preparing feeds and improved quality of resultant feeds.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, production of expanded combined feeds in animal farms and combined feed manufacturing enterprises.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing dosed bulk combined feed components and liquid additives; conditioning portions of resultant mixture with water and/or steam in fluidized bed provided in mixer-conditioner; before expanding procedure, wetted mixture is supplied in portions into feeder-holder for uniform saturation of moisture by feed particles over the entire volume thereof. Temperature of mixture before expanding procedure is 60-87°C and moisture content is up to 22%. Mixing and conditioning time in feeder-holder is 6 min.
EFFECT: reduced capital and operation costs for producing of combined feeds, increased nutritive value and improved dietary properties of expanded end product.
FIELD: veterinary science.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with supplementing cattle diet with Chlorella Vulgaris-based bioregulator for 1 mo, once daily, moreover, as the above-mentioned bioregulator one should apply the products of Chlorella Vulgaris suspension processing. Moreover, the main product of processing - the complex of biologically active substances BAS should be fed for animals before morning feeding at the quantity of 1 l/animal, and secondary product of processing - residues of cell walls - should be given together with feedstuffs at the quantity of 1 g/kg body weight. The main product of processing - BAS is obtained due to twice freezing biological mass separated against supernatant liquid as the result of Chlorella Vulgaris cultivation, strain IFR N C-111 to achieve suspension density of 50-60 mln. cells/ml due to dividing defrosted biomass into cell fluid and solid fraction, infusing the latter upon a catholyte at pH being 6-8 at the ratio of 1:3 for 20 min and combining the extract obtained with cell fluid and liquid fraction, and secondary product of processing - the residues of cell walls should be obtained due to drying solid fraction remained after separating an extract under natural conditions and reducing.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
2 cl, 2 tbl
FIELD: feed additives for poultry.
SUBSTANCE: as feed additive guelder rose seeds are added into commons of broiler chickens and layer hens.
EFFECT: improved preservation of broiler chickens and layer hens; increased yield of meat and egg production.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular feed production from plant products.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes high temperature drying of cut grass up to humidity of 40-45 %, separation of leaf and stem fractions. Stem fraction is contaminated with trichoderma fungi, cultivated for 20-24 h with homogeneous agitation, blended with leaf fraction followed by drying up to humidity of 10-12 %.
EFFECT: vitamin feed additive of improved quality due to increased content of carotene and protein and increased cellulose levels.
FIELD: food-processing industry and food-concentrates industry, in particular, equipment for thermal processing of bulk cereal products.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has transportation mechanism, hopper-accumulator with dosing device, heating device and lateral baffles. Heating device is made in the form of linear or flat emitters arranged lengthwise of conveyor and perpendicular to transportation path. Vertical baffles are positioned in equally spaced relation at site adjoining emitters, lengthwise of transportation path, with said space being at least 0.5 the height of emitter above conveyor surface.
EFFECT: improved quality of ready product.
FIELD: agriculture, poultry science.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with feeding technique in poultry. The fodder has been suggested that includes combined feedstuffs at decreased portion of food grain, millet, MEK-SH-3 at the quantity of 1 kg/t. The innovation enables to increase body weight gain and decrease fodder expenses per a body weight gain unit.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of feeding.
1 ex, 4 tbl